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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267615

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of intravenous bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) transplantation for early intervention of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six mice were randomized into control group, PBS-treated ALI group, and MSC-treated ALI group. In the latter two groups, mouse models of ALI were established by intranasal instillation of LPS, and 1 h later, the 4th passage of MSCs isolated from the bone marrow of mice or PBS were administered via the tail vein. The histological findings, lung wet/dry (W/D) weight ratio, neutrophil count and protein and cytokine contents in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and myeloperoxidase (MPO) level in the lung tissue were analyzed at 24 h after MSC administration. Engraftment of MSCs in the recipient lung was determined by fluorescent PKH26 staining and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, PBS-treated ALI group showed significantly higher protein levels, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, with also severe damage of lung histology. MSCs administration significantly reduced the lung W/D weight ratio, the levels of protein, TNF-α, IL-6 and neutrophil count in the BALF and MPO content in the lung tissue, and obviously lessened the lung injury 24 h after the transplantation. MSC administration also significantly increased the level of IL-10 in the BALF.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Intravenous MSC transplantation can effectively improve the lung histology, attenuate the inflammatory response, reduce pulmonary edema in the early stage of LPS-induced ALI in mice, and such effects are independent of MSC engraftment in the lungs.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Therapeutics , Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , Cytokines , Metabolism , Female , Lipopolysaccharides , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mice , Peroxidase , Metabolism
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the role of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) in acute lung injury induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Adult male SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, namely the sham-operated group (S), cerebral I/R model group, ADMA+I/R group, and dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH)+I/R group. In the latter 3 groups, acute lung injury was induced by left middle cerebral artery occlusion for 120 min. After a 24-h reperfusion, the rats were sacrificed and the activities of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and contents of nitric oxide (NO) were measured using reductase and colorimetric assay. The mRNA and protein expressions of protein kinase C (PKC) and myosin light chain kinase (MLCK) in the lung tissues were detected with RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The contents of ADMA in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and blood flowing into and out of the lungs were measured by ELISA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Cerebral I/R injury caused significantly elevated ADMA levels in the BALF and blood flowing into the lungs, and obviously lowered the NO concentration and NOS activity in the lung tissues (P<0.05). Following cerebral I/R injury, MLCK and PKC mRNA and protein expressions were significantly upregualted in the lung tissues (P<0.05). Exogenous DDAH obviously decreased the levels of ADMA in the BALF and blood flowing into the lungs, increased NO concentration and NOS activity, and down-regulated MLCK and PKC mRNA and protein expressions in lung tissues of rats with cerebral I/R injury (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADMA contributes to the development of acute lung injury following cerebral I/R injury in rats by upregulating MLCK and PKC expression. ADMA may serve as a novel therapeutic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for acute lung injury induced by cerebral I/R injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Acute Lung Injury , Animals , Arginine , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Brain Ischemia , Male , Myosin-Light-Chain Kinase , Genetics , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Protein Kinase C , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Up-Regulation
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267684

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ADMA on macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) expression and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-8 secretion in THP-1 monocyte-derived macrophages. METHIDS: THP-1 monocytes were induced to differentiate into macrophages by a 24-h incubation with 160 nmol/L PMA. The THP-1 monocyte-derived macrophages were exposed to different concentrations of ADMA for 24 h, and the changes in MIF mRNA and protein expressions were analyzed with RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to detect the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 in the supernatant of THP-1-derived macrophages following ADMA treatments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>ADMA obviously up-regulated MIF mRNA and protein expressions in THP-1-derived macrophages in a concentration- dependent manner. Exposure of the cells to 15 µmol/L ADMA for 24 h showed the most potent effect in up-regulating MIF mRNA and protein expressions. ADMA treatment also resulted in a dose-dependent increase of the levels of TNF-α and IL-8 in the culture supernatant of the macrophages, and the peak levels occurred following the treatment with 15 µmol/L ADMA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADMA can up-regulate MIF expression and induce TNF-α and IL-8 secretion in THP-1 monocyte-derived macrophages.</p>


Subject(s)
Arginine , Pharmacology , Cell Differentiation , Cell Line , Humans , Interleukin-8 , Bodily Secretions , Intramolecular Oxidoreductases , Genetics , Metabolism , Macrophage Migration-Inhibitory Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Phenanthrenes , Pharmacology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Bodily Secretions
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267726

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) on ACAT-1 expression and cholesterol content in THP-1-derived macrophages and foam cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>THP-1 cells were induced to differentiate into macrophages and further into foam cells. The macrophages and foam cells were exposed to different concentrations (0, 3.75, 7.5, 15, and 30 µmol/L) of ADMA for varying time lengths (6, 12, and 24 h), and the changes in ACAT-1 mRNA and protein levels in the cells were measured with RT-PCR and Western blotting. The cellular cholesterol content was measured with enzyme-linked colorimetry assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In THP-1-derived macrophages and foam cells, the expression levels of ACAT-1 mRNA and protein and cellular cholesterol content increased significantly in response to ADMA treatment in a time- and concentration-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ADMA may play an important role in inducing foam cell formation from macrophages. ACAT-1 inhibition targeting the macrophages and foam cells may serve as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of atherosclerosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetyl-CoA C-Acetyltransferase , Metabolism , Arginine , Pharmacology , Cell Line , Cholesterol , Foam Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Humans , Macrophages , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Monocytes , Cell Biology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Up-Regulation
5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 143-148, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337766

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the change of cytochrome c in postconditioning-attenuated ischemia-reperfusion (I/R)-induced mucosal apoptosis in rat intestine compared with ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Using rat model of intestine I/R injury, male Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 220-250 g were divided into 4 groups which were Sham operation group, I/R group, IPC group and ischemic postconditioning (IPOST) group. In these groups, I/R procedure was performed by the occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) for 45 min followed by reperfusion for 1 h. In Sham group, there was no intervention. In IPC group, SMA was occluded for 5 min and reperfused for 5 min, for two cycles, before the prolonged occlusion. In IPOST group, three cycles of 30-s reperfusion and 30-s reocclusion were preceded at the start of reperfusion. After the reperfusion, the small intestines were sampled for experimental detection. Intestinal mucosal mitochondrial membrane potential was detected by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Expressions of cytochrome c and caspase-3 proteins were detected using Western-blot method. The apoptosis of intestinal mucosal cells was determined with agarose gel electrophoresis and deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP-biotin nick-end labeling (TUNEL) technique. Compared with I/R group, the mitochondrial membrane potentials and the expressions of cytochrome c protein were significantly increased, while the expressions of caspase-3 and the apoptotic rates were decreased in IPOST and IPC groups (P<0.05). There were no significant differences between IPOST and IPC groups (P>0.05). These data provide substantial evidence that IPOST attenuates I/R-induced mucosal apoptosis by reducing the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria in the rat small intestine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Physiology , Cytochromes c , Metabolism , Intestinal Mucosa , Metabolism , Pathology , Intestines , Ischemic Postconditioning , Methods , Male , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , Mitochondria , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To investigate the role of nuclear factor-kappaB in apoptosis pathway of HUVEC.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The cell lines of HUVEC cultured in vitro were divided into three groups: normal control group, Ang II group, and Gliotoxin group. We investigated the effects of Ang II (0.01 micromol/L, 0.1 micromol/L, 1 micromol/L and 10 micromol/L) on the viability of HUVEC with modified MTT. Then agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry were applied to detect the apoptosis of HUVEC. Finally, the nuclear translocation of NF-kappaB subunit p65 was evaluated by immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The viability of HUVEC decreased significantly after incubated with 10 micromol/L Ang II for 24 hours. The results of DNA agarose gel and flow cytometry showed that 10 micromol/L Ang II induced the apoptosis of HUVEC, and the apoptosis rate was significantlyhigher than normal control group (P < 0.05). 0.1 mg/L Gliotoxin antagonized this effect of Ang II. The results of immunocytochemistry suggested that NF-kappaB was activated in HUVEC induced by 10 micromol/L Ang II. In contrast, Gliotoxin inhibited the activation of NF-kappaB in HUVEC induced by Ang II.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>(1) Ang II can induce the apoptosis of HUVEC, while the inhibitor of NF-kappaB, Gliotoxin, can antagonize the effect of Ang II. (2) NF-kappaB may play an important role in apoptosis pathway of HUVEC induced by Ang II.</p>


Subject(s)
Angiotensin II , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , NF-kappa B , Physiology , Signal Transduction , Physiology
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 223-227, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236777

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the protective effect of ischemic preconditioning (I-pre) and ischemic postconditioning (I-post) against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rat's liver.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Using rat model of hepatic segmental I/R injury, rats were divided into 5 groups: Group A (sham group), Group B (I/R injury), Group C (I-pre group), Group D (I-post group) and Group E (combined treatment of I-pre and I-post). Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) in hepatic tissues were determined, respectively. In addition, 7 days'survival of Groups B, C, D and E were evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with Group B, Groups C, D and E exhibited significantly decreased ALT and AST release, minimized tissue injury, suppressed values of MDA and MPO, increased activities of SOD, GSH-Px and GSH (P less than 0.05), as well as improved animal survival. The differences among Groups C, D and E were not statistically significant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>I-pre, I-post and combined therapy of I-pre and I-post have protective effect against hepatic I/R injury, which is correlated with its function of reducing the production of reactive oxygen species, maintaining the activities of antioxidant systems and suppressing neutrophils recruitment. No additive effect can be obtained in Group E.</p>


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Animals , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Ischemic Preconditioning , Liver Diseases , Therapeutics , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Therapeutics
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