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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482098

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of injection of β2-adrenergic receptor agonist clenbuterol into the infralimbic cortex(IL) on drug-seeking behavior triggered by conditioned cues. METHODS Adult male SD rats were trained to self-administer heroin under a FR1 schedule for consecutive 14 d,followed by 2-h extinction training. Cue-induced heroin seeking was measured for 2 h. Clenbuterol was microinjected bilaterally into the IL(8 ng/side)of rats 15 min prior to reinstatement test. Meanwhile,locomotor activity was detected 15 min after clenbuterol or artifial cerebrospinal fluid(mod?el group) was microinjected bilaterally into IL. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of phosphorylated cyclic AMP response element-binding protein(p-CREB)in the prelimbic cortex(PL), IL,nucleus accumbens core (NACc) and shell (NACsh) of rats immediately after reinstatement test. RESULTS After heroin administration training for 14 consecutive days,these animals exhibited reliable heroin self-administration,indicated by the increase in active nose poke responses and infusions. The rats that had received infusion of clenbuterol into the IL had significantly lower active pokes (8 ± 3)than those in model group(45±10)in cue-induced reinstatement(P<0.01),but there was no significant differ?ence between clenbuterol group and vehicle group in the locomotor activity. The expression of p-CREB in either IL or NACsh was significantly decreased in clenbuterol group compared with model group(P<0.01,P<0.05),but significantly increased in NACc(P<0.01). CONCLUSION Microinjection of clenb?uterol into the IL can attenuate the cue-induced reinstatement of heroin-seeking behavior in rats. The underlying mechanism might be related to the regulation of p-CREB expression in the NACc and NACsh.

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