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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904101

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Surface modification is used to modify the biomaterials for the regulation of cell culture using different approaches, such as chemical graft and mechanical treatment. However, those conventional methodologies often require precise fabrication in a high resolution involving either high cost or laborious steps to remove chemical residues that are toxic to the cells. @*METHODS@# A novel and simple method was proposed and evaluated to rapidly generate surface ceases on the gelatin methacrylate (gelMA) surface using the heating-hydration process. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured on the gelMA surface. The surface binding was characterized using the RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) antibodies and cell adhesion pattern captured by scanning electron microscopy. The effect of the heating-hydration parameters on the creasing formation was investigated. The morphology of HUVECs cultured on such micropatterned gelMA was characterized and compared. @*RESULTS@#It is found that the hydration solution, gelMA mixture, and hydration rate are the major factors that influence the cracking sizes in the range from 20 to 120 lm which resulted in capillary-like patterns on the gelMA surface. Low concentration of gelMA, high water concentration of cooling agent, and slow hydration rate result in the long creases, and heating of at least 60 min is required for complete dehydration. Strong fluorescence was around the creases with RGDstaining. Consequently, micropatterned gelMA demonstrated good biocompatibility with endothelial cells with more than 95% cell viability and continuous cell proliferation throughout 2 weeks as well as a good trace of neovascular formation. In comparison, normal gelMA surface did not exhibit RGD-fluorescent signals, and the cultured HUVECs on it were rounded with no spreading for network formation. @*CONCLUSION@#The heating-hydration approach can successfully and easily produce the micropatterned gelMA that allows rapid and effective vascularization to potentially improve the functionalities of the tissue-engineered construct.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896397

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Surface modification is used to modify the biomaterials for the regulation of cell culture using different approaches, such as chemical graft and mechanical treatment. However, those conventional methodologies often require precise fabrication in a high resolution involving either high cost or laborious steps to remove chemical residues that are toxic to the cells. @*METHODS@# A novel and simple method was proposed and evaluated to rapidly generate surface ceases on the gelatin methacrylate (gelMA) surface using the heating-hydration process. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured on the gelMA surface. The surface binding was characterized using the RGD (Arg-Gly-Asp) antibodies and cell adhesion pattern captured by scanning electron microscopy. The effect of the heating-hydration parameters on the creasing formation was investigated. The morphology of HUVECs cultured on such micropatterned gelMA was characterized and compared. @*RESULTS@#It is found that the hydration solution, gelMA mixture, and hydration rate are the major factors that influence the cracking sizes in the range from 20 to 120 lm which resulted in capillary-like patterns on the gelMA surface. Low concentration of gelMA, high water concentration of cooling agent, and slow hydration rate result in the long creases, and heating of at least 60 min is required for complete dehydration. Strong fluorescence was around the creases with RGDstaining. Consequently, micropatterned gelMA demonstrated good biocompatibility with endothelial cells with more than 95% cell viability and continuous cell proliferation throughout 2 weeks as well as a good trace of neovascular formation. In comparison, normal gelMA surface did not exhibit RGD-fluorescent signals, and the cultured HUVECs on it were rounded with no spreading for network formation. @*CONCLUSION@#The heating-hydration approach can successfully and easily produce the micropatterned gelMA that allows rapid and effective vascularization to potentially improve the functionalities of the tissue-engineered construct.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864916

ABSTRACT

Henoch-schonlein purpura is the most common vasculitis in the childhood.The prognosis of Henoch-schonlein purpura is mainly dependent on the renal component of the disease, which is equal to the severity of Henoch-schonlein purpura nephritis(HSPN). To predict the outcome of the HSPN, the pathology of renal biopsy is still remaining the gold standard.The conventional histological classification of the International Study of Kidney Disease in Chlidren(ISKDC), which is facing severe challenges in evaluating the prognosis of the HSPN, is imprecise.So it′s very necessary to recognize the relationship between specific pathological changes and prognosis of HSPN.So we reviewed the relationship between specific pathological changes and the prognosis prediction of HSPN in this paper, hoping to guide the clinical work.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818901

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the working mode of continuous malaria elimination. Methods Judong Village in Congjiang County, Guizhou Province, which had the highest record of malaria incidence in the history of Guizhou Province, was selected as a pilot, a comprehensive prevention and control intervention was carried out aiming at the malaria epidemic, transmission and influencing factors, and the effect was evaluated after the intervention. Results From 2015 to 2016, through those intensive measures of constructing system, improving environment and health education, the people’s awareness of malaria prevention was increased, the people’s enthusiasm and initiatives to participate in the prevention and control of malaria were improved in Judong Village. Meanwhile, the roads were hardened and beautified, the dispose of sewage, feces and garbage was centralized. The awareness rate of malaria prevention knowledge of residents increased to 85% to 95%, and the formation rate of anti-mosquito behavior increased to 89.66%. The density of media Anopheles reduced from 0.56 to 0.07 mosquitoes per hour each mosquito catching platform. Conclusion A long-term mechanism for malaria prevention and control has been almost constructed in Judong Village, which facilitates the consolidation of malaria control achievements, and the progress towards malaria elimination.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818779

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the working mode of continuous malaria elimination. Methods Judong Village in Congjiang County, Guizhou Province, which had the highest record of malaria incidence in the history of Guizhou Province, was selected as a pilot, a comprehensive prevention and control intervention was carried out aiming at the malaria epidemic, transmission and influencing factors, and the effect was evaluated after the intervention. Results From 2015 to 2016, through those intensive measures of constructing system, improving environment and health education, the people’s awareness of malaria prevention was increased, the people’s enthusiasm and initiatives to participate in the prevention and control of malaria were improved in Judong Village. Meanwhile, the roads were hardened and beautified, the dispose of sewage, feces and garbage was centralized. The awareness rate of malaria prevention knowledge of residents increased to 85% to 95%, and the formation rate of anti-mosquito behavior increased to 89.66%. The density of media Anopheles reduced from 0.56 to 0.07 mosquitoes per hour each mosquito catching platform. Conclusion A long-term mechanism for malaria prevention and control has been almost constructed in Judong Village, which facilitates the consolidation of malaria control achievements, and the progress towards malaria elimination.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 646-652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753566

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level of neonates and iodine nutritional status of pregnant women and children in Guizhou Province.Metheds From 2016 to 2017,a city (district,county) in government location in Guizhou Province was selected as the urban survey site,and a county (city,district) whose economy was relatively backward and farther from the city (prefecture) in government location was selected as the rural survey site.In each survey site,300 salt samples were collected for determination of salt iodine;300 blood samples in the heel of neonates after birth 72 hours were taken for measurement of TSH.The Wodd Health Organization,United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund,and the International Committee for the Control of Iodine Deficiency (WHO/UNICEF/ICCIDD) recommend that when the proportion of neonates (TSH levels > 5 mU/L) is < 3%,the area is non-iodine-deficient.In other words,the 97th percentile (P97) value should be ≤5 mU/L.The normal reference value of the kit is ≤9 mU/L.And urinary iodine of 150 children aged 8-10 and 150 pregnant women was determined.Results A total of 5 400 edible salt samples were tested,the median of salt iodine was 27.9 mg/kg,and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 94.89% (5 124/5 400);5 400 neonatal heel blood samples were collected,the median of TSH was 2.62 mU/L,TSH P97 was 6.91 mU/L,and samples proportion with TSH > 5 mU/L was 10.67% (576/5 400),and > 9 mU/L (the cut-off value of kit) was 1.00% (54/5 400).Among 3 588 cases of children aged 8 to 10 years,the median of urinary iodine was 212.3 μg/L,those with urinary iodine < 50 μg/L was 2.81% (101/3 588),and < 100 μg/L was 12.76% (458/3 588).Among the 2 695 pregnant women,the median of urinary iodine was 163.1 μg/L,and 44.04% (1 187/2 695) were < 150 μg/L.Conclusions The quality of iodized salt is stable in Guizhou,the iodine nutrition status of children and pregnant women are good.The neonatal TSH and nutritional status of pregnant women should be monitored in the future.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733796

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status of total fluoride intake for persons over 16 years old after implementation of comprehensive prevention and control measures in historical severe diseased areas of coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis in Guizhou Province.Methods In 2017,a total of 3 villages were selected as survey sites in Hehua,Jifeng and Jiping villages,which were heavier and did not meet the standards for elimination of the disease areas.Dental fluorosis of all children aged 8-12 were examined in these three villages.In each village,10 households were selected and average daily intake of staple foods,vegetables and drinking water per person over 16 years of age were surveyed.Samples of corn,rice,dried pepper,drinking water,and indoor air were collected and the content of fluoride was measured,and total fluoride intakes for adults were calculated.The survey results were compared with the survey data of 2006.Results The detection rates of dental fluorosis of children aged 8-12 in Hehua,Jifeng and Jiping were 16.86% (29/172),17.90% (29/162),7.94% (10/126),respectively,and the differences were statistically significant compared to those of 2006 [94.32% (216/229),100.00% (72/72)、99.63% (267/268),x2 =247.97,136.95,345.13,P < 0.01].The fluorosis indices were 0.36,0.40,and 0.12,respectively.In the three villages,the medians of fluoride in drinking water were 0.040,0.029 and 0.033 mg/L.The staple food was rice,and their medians fluorine content were 0.019,0.016,and 0.015 mg/kg,respectively,which decreased 99.89%,99.96%,99.95%,compared with those of 2006 (the staple food was corn,with medians of 17.520,36.620 and 27.770 mg/kg).The medians of fluorine in dried pepper were 2.09,1.97 and 0.35 mg/kg,respectively,which decreased 99.59%,99.81%,99.96%,respectively,compared with those of 2006 (514.21,1 035.29,947.78 mg/kg),the differences were statistically significant (Z =2.079,2.542,2.449,P < 0.01).No fluoride was detected in indoor air samples 24 hours a day.The average daily intake of fluorine per person over 16 years in the three villages were 0.304,0.279,0.273 mg,which decreased 98.45%,99.18% and 99.00%,respectively compared to those of 2006 (19.564,33.837,27.224 mg).Conclusion Total fluoride levels are significantly lower in people over 16 years of age in the historical severe disease areas of coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis in Guizhou Province.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 840-842, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701442

ABSTRACT

Guizhou had the most serious coal-burning-borne fluorosis areas and was the first implemented province-wide comprehensive control measures in 2010.Through sustainable comprehensive prevention and control measures,the utilization rate of household coal resources in the disease affected areas had been effectively reduced.We improved the structure of domestic energy sources,made significant progress in energy conservation and emission reduction,and significantly improved air pollution.The concept of health and hygiene had been deeply rooted in the hearts of the people.The transformation of citizens' knowledge,trust and conduct gradually took shape,and the comprehensive prevention and control measures achieved remarkable results.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1898-1903, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773952

ABSTRACT

Background@#Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is prevalent in obesity and is associated with many metabolic abnormalities. The relationship between OSAS and bone metabolism is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the severity of OSAS and bone metabolic markers.@*Methods@#A total of 119 obese males were enrolled in this study in spring months from 2015 to 2017. All candidates underwent polysomnography, and their bone mineral density (BMD) and the serum levels of total procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (t-P1NP), N-terminal midfragment of osteocalcin (N-MID), β-C-terminal telopeptide of type 1 collagen (β-CTX), vitamin D (VD), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured. The analysis of variance and Pearson correlation analysis were performed for data analyses.@*Results@#No significant differences in the mean values of BMD were observed among the obesity, mild-to-moderate OSAS, and severe OSAS groups; and the serum levels of t-P1NP and β-CTX in the severe OSAS group were significantly higher than those in the obesity group (48.42 ± 23.78 ng/ml vs. 31.98 ± 9.85 ng/ml, P < 0.001; 0.53 ± 0.24 ng/ml vs. 0.41 ± 0.13 ng/ml, P = 0.011, respectively). The serum level of VD in the obesity group was significantly higher than those in the mild-to-moderate and severe OSAS groups (both P < 0.001), and decreased as the severity of OSAS increased (P < 0.001). The serum level of PTH in the severe OSAS group was significantly higher than those in the obesity and mild-to-moderate OSAS groups (both P < 0.001). The results of correlation analysis indicated that the level of apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) was correlated with the levels of t-P1NP (r = 0.396, P < 0.001), VD (r = -0.404, P < 0.001), and PTH (r = 0.400, P < 0.001), whereas the level of minimum Osaturation (SaOmin) was correlated with the levels of VD (r = 0.258, P = 0.016) and PTH (r = -0.376, P < 0.001).@*Conclusions@#The levels of bone resorption and formation markers in patients with severe OSAS were significantly increased compared to obese men, and the severity of OSAS was correlated with the serum levels of t-P1NP, VD, and PTH.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Blood , Bone Density , Bone and Bones , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Obesity , Parathyroid Hormone , Polysomnography , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive
10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 583-586, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613246

ABSTRACT

Objective To survey on fluorosis awareness of children aged 8 - 12 in coal-burning type endemic fluorosis in key diseased districts of Guizhou Province, and to provide a basis for school health education. Methods In 2014, five towns were selected according to five locations as east, south, west, north and center of 23 key diseased districts of Guizhou Province, one complete primary school in each town was chosen to survey on fluorosis awareness of all the children aged 8 - 12. At the same time, datas of fluorosis knowledge awareness of 23 counties in 2010 were collected and compared with the results of this survey. Results In 2014, the students awareness knowledge on endemic fluorosis was 84.21% (247518/293940). The awareness of 9 counties was higher than 90%, 5 counties ranged from 80% to 90%, and 9 counties lower than 80%. Compared with 2010 (awareness:96.58%), 21.74%(5/23) of the counties with increased awareness, and 78.26%(18/23) of the counties with decreased awareness. In overall qustionnaines object, the awareness rates of fluorosis prevention, correct use of coal-fired stoves, correct maintenance method of coal-fired stoves, method of avoid soot pollution food were 81.91% (48154/58788), 83.72%(82026/97980), 85.11%(66709/78384), and 86.12%(50629/58788), respectively. The awareness rates of children aged 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 were 80.47%(32359/40215), 83.36%(52581/63075), 85.04%(53882/63360), 84.79% (53328/ 62895), and 85.98% (55368/64395), respectively, the differences were statistically significant (χ2=658.93, P0.05).Conclusions The awareness rate of children aged 8 - 12 in key diseased districts of Guizhou Province is decreased. Work on school health education should be continued, to consolidate control outcomes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 580-582, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the content and changes of fluoride in corn and pepper, to evaluate the effect of prevention and control measures, and to provide a basis for adjusting the prevention and control strategy. Methods In 2013, according to the different directions of east, west, south, north and center, 5 townships were selected from each coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis areas in all 23 counties (cities, districts), and 3 villages was randomly selected from each township. Household samples of corn and dried pepper in 10 households were collected to detect fluorine content. The results of 14 counties were compared with the 2007 survey data. Results A total of 884 and 3379 samples of corn and pepper were collected, and the median fluorine content was 1.26 and 9.15 mg/kg, the range was 0.50~254.59 mg/kg and 0.50~3701.88 mg/kg, respectively. Compared with the survey data of 2007, the median fluoride content of corn of 14 counties decreased by nearly 50%, and the median amount of pepper was reduced by more than 80%. The differences were statistically significant (mg/kg:corn 1.36 vs 2.63, dried pepper 9.70 vs 55.31, Z = 3.28, 9.13, P<0.05). Conclusion The fluoride content of corn and pepper in Guizhou Province is significantly lower, but it is still relatively high in some coal-burning-borne fluorosis counties (cities, districts).

12.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 104-107,108, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606113

ABSTRACT

Fibulin protein family has widely existed in the extracellular matrix, and plays an important role in maintain the stable of basement membrane, elastic fibers and loose connective tissue. Fibulin-5 (FBLN-5) is one of the members of the Fibulin protein family, which is essential to the structure function and cell mediated action. The lack of FBLN-5 will cause many diseases such as internal organ deformity. Current research suggests that changes of expression level of FBLN-5 are associated with the occurrence of tumors such as lung cancer, and also can influence the tumor proliferation, invasion and prognosis, thus may become a new molecular marker for cancer diagnosis. Therefore, in this review, we summarize and update biological characteristics and functions of FBLN-5, and its role in the development of tumor formation mechanism.

13.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 269-273, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512505

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence of dental fluorosis in children aged 8-12 in coalburning-borne endemic fluorosis areas in 23 counties in Guizhou Province,and to evaluate the effects of prevention and control measures.Methods In 2014,five towns were selected according to their location of the east,the south,the west,the north and the center of the 23 counties,one primary school in each town was chosen.All the students aged 8-12 in each school were selected,according to the Diagnosis of Dental Fluorosis (WS/T 208-2011),dental fluorosis was examined.At the same time,the detection rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8-12 was investigated in 23 counties in 2000 and 2007.Analysis and comparison of the data in 2000,2007 and 2014 were done.Results The total detectable rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8-12 was 32.31% (5 803/17 962).The detection rate of 3 counties was lower than 15%,12 counties ranged from 15% to 30% and 8 counties more than 30%.Very light,mild,moderate,and severe cases of dental fluorosis cases accounted for 48.39% (2 808/5 803),30.43% (1 766/5 803),15.16% (880/5 803) and 6.01% (349/5 803).Male and female children's overall detection rate was 33.05% (3 083/9 329) and 31.51% (2 720/8 633),the difference was statistically significant (x2=4.86,P < 0.05).The detection rates of dental fluorosis of children aged 8,9,10,11 and 12 were 17.79% (224/1 259),26.02% (871/3 348),30.28% (1 255/4 144),34.07% (1 595/4 682) and 41.02% (1 858/4 529),indicating that the detection rate increased with age (x2 =345.78,P < 0.01).After longitudinal comparison of the detection rates of dental fluorosis of children aged 8-12 in 2000,2007 and 2014,we found that 17 counties were gradually decreased (all P < 0.05) except Xiuwen,Weining,Qianxi,Qingzhen,Liuzhi and Xixiu (x2 =0.84,4.19,3.67,5.03,1.98,2.37,all P > 0.05).The ratio of dental fluorosis detection rate < 15%,15%-30% and > 30% was accounted for 21.74% (25/115),32.17% (37/115) and 46.09% (53/115),respectively,in the 115 villages.Conclusion The detection rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8-12 in coal-burning-borne endemic fluorosis areas is significantly dropped,and the comprehensive prevention and control effect is gradually apparent.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-511149

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical effect and influencing factors of closed reduction and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture in the adolescents, and to provide evidence for surgical treatment of femoral neck fracture in the adolescents. Methods:The clinical effect and influencing factors of 36 cases of femoral neck fracture treated by closed reduction and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation were analyzed. The time of operation, the time of fracture healing evaluated with X-ray image, the evaluation on the function after operation by Harris score of hip joint,and the occurrence of complications of the patients were observed.Results:All the cases were followed up for 6-24 months, average 16 months. One case of all patients had avascular necrosis of the femoral head, and accounted for 2.78% of all the patients;2 cases of all fractures were nonunion, and 5.56%.The remaining 33 cases were completely healed.The HHS-harris hip score results showed that 26 were excellent, 6 cases were good, and 2 cases were poor;the excellent and good rate was 88.89%.Conclusion:Closed reduction and percutaneous cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of adolescent femoral neck fracture is an effective program of operation;timing of operation, good reduction, and rigid internal fixation can decrease the femoral head necrosis and the incidence of complications.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619597

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of oxycodone combined with incision infiltration with ropivacaine on postoperative outcomes in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.Methods Eighty American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of both sexes,aged 33-64 yr,weighing 45-88 kg,scheduled for elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy under general anesthesia,were divided into 2 groups (n=40 each) using a random number table:patient-controlled intravenous analgesia group (group P) and oxycodone combined with incision infiltration group (group O).In group P,fentanyl 1-2 μg/kg was intravenously infused after cholecystectomy,and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia was performed with sufentanil at the end of surgery.In group O,oxycodone 0.05-0.10 mg/kg was intravenously injected after cholecystectomy,incision infiltration was performed with 0.5% ropivacaine before suturing,and visual analog scale score was maintained ≤ 3.The emergence time,time to first flatus,time to liquid diet,first ambulation time,length of hospital stay after operation and adverse reactions were recorded.Results Compared with group P,the time to first flatus,time to liquid diet,first ambulation time and length of hospital stay after operation were significantly shortened,the incidence of urinary retention and nausea and vomiting was decreased (P<0.05),and no significant change was found in the emergence time in group O (P>0.05).Conclusion Combination of oxycodone and incision infiltration with ropivacaine can promote postoperative outcomes in the patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657904

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of depression on loneliness in medical students',and the mediating effects of introverted personality and social support.Methods EPQ,UCLA,SSRS,and POMS questionnaire were used,and surveyed data was collected from Dalian Medical University medical students.Results The scores of depressive mood,introverted personality,social support and loneliness were (17.77±4.45),(11.97±5.21),(34.52±6.15) and (38.02±6.36).Depression was positively related to loneliness and introverted personality (r=0.286,0.508,P<0.01),and social support was negatively related to loneliness (r =-0.443,P<0.01).Introverted personality was positively related to loneliness(r=0.401,P<0.01).The total effect value was 0.670.The mediating effect of introversion as mediator variable was 0.221,accounting for 33% of the total effect.Social support as intermediary variable,intermediary effect value was 0.449,accounting for 67% of the total effect.Standard value of mediating effect between depression and introverted personality showed as 0.508 (95%CI=0.475-0.725,P<0.0i),standard value of mediating effect between depression and social support showed as-0.150 (95%CI=0.989-1.469,P<0.01),introverted personality was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.156 (95% CI=0.080-0.232,P<0.01),social support was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.317 (95% CI=0.177-0.457,P<0.01).Conclusions Introverted personality and social support play an intermediary role between depression and loneliness.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660425

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of depression on loneliness in medical students',and the mediating effects of introverted personality and social support.Methods EPQ,UCLA,SSRS,and POMS questionnaire were used,and surveyed data was collected from Dalian Medical University medical students.Results The scores of depressive mood,introverted personality,social support and loneliness were (17.77±4.45),(11.97±5.21),(34.52±6.15) and (38.02±6.36).Depression was positively related to loneliness and introverted personality (r=0.286,0.508,P<0.01),and social support was negatively related to loneliness (r =-0.443,P<0.01).Introverted personality was positively related to loneliness(r=0.401,P<0.01).The total effect value was 0.670.The mediating effect of introversion as mediator variable was 0.221,accounting for 33% of the total effect.Social support as intermediary variable,intermediary effect value was 0.449,accounting for 67% of the total effect.Standard value of mediating effect between depression and introverted personality showed as 0.508 (95%CI=0.475-0.725,P<0.0i),standard value of mediating effect between depression and social support showed as-0.150 (95%CI=0.989-1.469,P<0.01),introverted personality was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.156 (95% CI=0.080-0.232,P<0.01),social support was the mediating variant of depression and loneliness,standard value of mediating effect was 0.317 (95% CI=0.177-0.457,P<0.01).Conclusions Introverted personality and social support play an intermediary role between depression and loneliness.

18.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1470-1474, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-858618

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the capacity of food and drug regulatory system through detailed data analysis in administrative reconsideration (AR), and provide strategy to enhance the food and drug regulatory system. METHODS: Data are derived from the Annual Statistical Report of China Food and Drug Administration during the 12nd Five-Year Plan period, and the laws and rules in AR, including Provisions for Administrative Reconsideration of China Food and Drug Administration, Implementation Advice on Comprehensive Strengthening the Legal System in Food and Drug Regulatory System. Numbers, categories and geographical areas are considered. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: During the given period, the number of acceptance in AR in food and drug administration increased from 104 to 4 331. Food related AR hits the top in 6 343 accounted for 78.5% AR number shows significant regional differences, Guangdong is 2 045 on the top, Xinjiang and Tibet only have one. More than 4 500 AR are concluded, within which 1 007 are rejected, 2 480 original administrative enforcement were maintained. It can be concluded that the number of AR in China food and drug regulatory system has increased significantly, the workload in food and drug regulatory system is arduous, the work force and capacity in legal system at grassroots level food and drug administration are relatively insufficient. It shows economic activity relevant in the number of AR.AR promotes normative law enforcement. It is suggested to strengthen the legal power team, improve legal literacy of staff and enhance performance evaluation in law based enforcement.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618803

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effects of social isolation on the cognition and expression of 5-HT2C receptor(5-HT2CR) and adenosine deaminase that act on RNA 1(ADAR1) in BALB/c mice.MethodsThe healthy BALB/c mice were isolated for 2,4,and 8 weeks individually since postnatal 21 days respectively to set up isolation mice model,the same age mice without isolation were regarded as control group.The new object location and the new object recognition tests were used to measure the spatial and non-spatial cognitive function,and western blot was used to measure the protein expression of 5-HT2CR and ADAR1.ResultsThe new object location test showed that the spatial discrimination index (DI) of BALB/c mice isolated for 2 weeks was decreased significantly compared with the control group(control group was (0.075±0.340),isolation group was (-0.653±0.308),P<0.05),and no obvious difference was found for the group isolated for 4 and 8 weeks.The new object recognition test showed that the non-spatial DI of BALB/c mice isolated for 2 and 4 weeks were decreased significantly compared with the control group(control 2 weeks group was (0.088±0.210),isolation 2 weeks group was (-0.945±0.194),P<0.05;control 4 weeks group was (0.105±0.267),isolation 4 weeks group was (-0.506±0.215),P<0.05),and no obvious difference was found for the group isolated for 8 weeks.Compared with the control group the expression of 5-HT2CR and ADAR1 in the hippocampus were decreased significantly for the group isolated for 2 weeks.(5-HT2CR:control group was (1.025±0.144),isolation group was (0.891±0.026),P<0.05.ADAR1: control group was (0.839±0.120),isolation group was (0.629±0.094),P<0.05).ConclusionsTwo week social isolation results in the decrease of spatial and non-spatial cognitive function in BALB/c mice,in the meanwhile,social isolation stress results in the obvious decrease of 5-HT2C receptor and ADAR1 protein expression in the hippocampus of BALB/c mice.

20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64622

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the stability and simplicity of papillary balloon dilatation by retrospectively analyzing the results of performing concurrent papillary balloon dilatation in conjunction with percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) in the patients with biliary obstruction due to common bile duct stones or a tumor who were difficult to treat with an endoscopic approach. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a total of 21 patients who were treated through a percutaneous transhepatic biliary approach after they were diagnosed with biliary obstruction due to a tumor and biliary stones in a single medical institution for four years from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Sixteen out of 21 patients (76.2%) underwent percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage and papillary balloon dilatation. For 5 patients (23.8%) in whom it was difficult to perform the procedure simultaneously due to the patient's poor overall condition such as pancreatitis and septic shock, papillary balloon dilatation was performed 5-8 days after biliary drainage. Nineteen of 21 patients (90.5%) were successfully treated by a single procedure without residual stones or restenosis, but in two patients, stones were removed two times and three times. CONCLUSIONS: The use of a percutaneous transhepatic biliary approach to patients in whom endoscopy cannot be performed is considered safe and effective. In addition, unless the procedure is specifically contraindicated, the use of papillary balloon dilatation performed simultaneously with PTBD can reduce patient inconvenience and procedure frequency.


Subject(s)
Common Bile Duct , Dilatation , Drainage , Endoscopy , Gallstones , Humans , Pancreatitis , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Septic
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