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1.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 900-909, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984241

ABSTRACT

Background The urban heat island effect has a significant negative impact on human health. Urban green space can effectively improve the urban thermal environment while enhancing human thermal comfort. Objective To investigate the effects of vegetation configuration structure on temperature and humidity and on human thermal comfort, with a view to providing reference for the landscape planning of urban reserve, preventing and reducing the impact of urban heat island effect on the health of urban residents. Methods The study was carried out on a typical clear and cloudless summer day without extreme weather in a university reserve area in Hefei. The numerical simulation accuracy of ENVI-met software was verified by measured data. Based on the quantitative definition of vegetation configuration structure scheme from vertical and horizontal perspectives, nine simulation scenarios were established based on three aspects including vegetation configuration type (grass, shrub + grass, tree + grass, tree + shrub + grass), planting layout (column planting, uniform spot planting), and planting density [the aspect ratio of trees (ART) between plants was 0.75, 1.13, 1.50, and 2.25, respectively] to quantitatively evaluate the cooling and humidifying effects and human thermal comfort [physiological equivalent temperature (PET)] of the vegetation configurations. Results The change trends of the cooling and humidifying effects of all the simulated scenarios were consistent, basically first increasing and then decreasing. Among all the simulated scenarios, the cooling and humidifying effects of scenario 8 (tree + grass, ART=2.25, uniform spot planting) were the best, with the greatest cooling of 1.36 ℃ and humidification of 6.29% in comparison to the worst scenario 1 in the reserve area. The human thermal comfort of scenario 9 (tree + shrub + grass, ART=2.25, uniform spot planting) was the best, with the PET of 35.37 ℃. The order of improvement effect of different vegetation configurations on thermal comfort from strong to weak was tree + shrub + grass structure (scenario 9) > tree + grass structure (scenario 8) > shrub + grass structure (scenario 2) > grass structure (scenario 1). At 15:00, the PET value of tree + shrub + grass structure (scenario 9) decreased by 7.44 ℃ in comparison to that of grass structure (scenario 1). The higher the planting density among trees, the higher the difference in temperature and relative humidity between the simulated and the original scenarios. In case of holding the same amount of greenery, uniform spot planting showed better human comfort when the vegetation was planted sparsely, but the difference between the PET value of scenario 3 (tree + grass, ART=0.75, uniform spot planting) and scenario 5 (tree + grass, ART=1.5, column planting) was only 0.15 ℃; when the vegetation was planted densely, column planting was more favorable to wind circulation and more effective in reducing the temperature of the site, with a lower PET value of 0.87 ℃ for scenario 7 (tree + grass, ART=2.25, column planting) than for scenario 4 (tree + grass, ART=1.13, uniform spot planting). Conclusion Urban green space has obvious cooling and humidifying effects in summer. The human comfort of tree + shrub + grass structure with uniform spot planting is optimal, and the cooling and humidifying effects of tree + grass structure with uniform spot planting are the most obvious. The optimization of vegetation configuration structure is crucial for reducing urban heat island, improving human thermal comfort, and promoting residents’ health.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 616-623, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965788

ABSTRACT

AIM: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of intense pulsed light(IPL)combined with meibomian gland expression(MGX)in the treatment of meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)-related dry eye disease(DED).METHODS: Chinese and English databases such as Chinese national knowledge infrastructure(CNKI), Wanfang, VIP, CBM, ClinicalTrials, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science were searched, and clinical randomized controlled trials(RCTs)using IPL combined with MGX in the experimental group and MGX alone in the control group from January 2017 to September 2022 were included. Six outcome indicators including clinical efficacy, ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, break-up time(BUT), corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)score, tear meniscus height(TMH)and meibomian gland yielding secretion score(MGYSS)were Meta analyzed by Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 14 software.RESULTS: A total of 15 RCTs were included, with 1 345 patients with MGD-related dry eye. Meta-analysis results showed that the treatment of MGD-related dry eye in the experimental group improved better clinical efficacy(OR=4.95, 95%CI: 2.76~8.90, Z=5.35, P<0.00001), BUT(SMD=1.26, 95%CI: 0.84~1.69, Z=5.78, P<0.00001), TMH(SMD=0.37, 95%CI: 0.15~0.59, Z=3.33, P=0.0009), and reduced OSDI scores(SMD=-0.86, 95%CI: -1.44~-0.27, Z=2.85, P=0.004)as well as MGYSS(SMD=-2.43, 95%CI: -4.31~-0.54, Z=2.52, P=0.01)than the control group. However, there was no statistically significant difference in CFS scores(SMD=-0.19, 95%CI: -0.46~0.07, Z=1.43, P=0.15).CONCLUSION: IPL combined with MGX in the treatment of MGD related dry eye can increase the overall effective rate and improve the symptoms and signs of patients with MGD related dry eye better than MGX alone.

3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 728-733, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985803

ABSTRACT

Proximal tibial aspect ratio (PTAR) is closely related to age, disease status and cutting parameters with considerable inter-individual variation independent of gender and race, nevertheless the aspect ratio of tibial components from different manufacturers remains relatively constant from smallest to largest size. As a result, component mismatching is an unavoidable dilemma during tibia preparation in total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Various prosthesis systems all can achieve more than 80% coverage on proximal tibia, whereas their optimal fit rates are generally not more than 50%. It is difficult for symmetrical components to avoid anteroposterior mismatch, internal malrotation tends to occur when maximum coverage is pursued on the resected surface with a medial dominant plateau or lower PTAR. Although it is easier to achieve a balance of rotation and coverage with anatomical components, significant anteromedial overhang tends to appear on the resected surface with a symmetrical or lateral dominant plateau. Further researches should focus on the law of inter-individual variability of proximal tibial morphology, the quantitative definition of "ideal matching" safety zone of key morphological parameters on different areas of proximal tibia and the methodology of realizing"ideal matching"in the majority patients with the least amount of component sizes. In addition, with the rapid development of additive manufacturing and digital orthopedic technology, individual customized implant is expected to become a breakthrough point in the field of TKA component fitting.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981466

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Schisandra sphenanthera. Silica, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC were used to separate and purify the 80% ethanol extract of S. sphenanthera. Eleven compounds were identified by ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, ESI-MS, etc., which were 2-[2-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methoxyphenyl]-propane-1,3-diol(1), threo-7-methoxyguaiacylglycerol(2),4-O-(2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethylethyl)-dihydroconiferylalcohol(3), morusin(4), sanggenol A(5), sanggenon I(6), sanggenon N(7), leachianone G(8),(+)-catechin(9), epicatechin(10), and 7,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-9 were isolated from S. sphenanthera for the first time. Compounds 2-11 were subjected to cell viability assay, and the results revealed that compounds 4 and 5 had potential cytotoxicity, and compound 4 also had potential antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Schisandra , Plant Bark , Antiviral Agents , Biological Assay , Catechin , Phenols
5.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 579-588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986930

ABSTRACT

Objective: This cross-sectional investigation aimed to determine the incidence, clinical characteristics, prognosis, and related risk factors of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain in mainland China. Methods: Data of patients with SARS-CoV-2 from December 28, 2022, to February 21, 2023, were collected through online and offline questionnaires from 45 tertiary hospitals and one center for disease control and prevention in mainland China. The questionnaire included demographic information, previous health history, smoking and alcohol drinking, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination, olfactory and gustatory function before and after infection, other symptoms after infection, as well as the duration and improvement of olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The self-reported olfactory and gustatory functions of patients were evaluated using the Olfactory VAS scale and Gustatory VAS scale. Results: A total of 35 566 valid questionnaires were obtained, revealing a high incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain (67.75%). Females(χ2=367.013, P<0.001) and young people(χ2=120.210, P<0.001) were more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Gender(OR=1.564, 95%CI: 1.487-1.645), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), oral health status (OR=0.881, 95%CI: 0.839-0.926), smoking history (OR=1.152, 95%CI=1.080-1.229), and drinking history (OR=0.854, 95%CI: 0.785-0.928) were correlated with the occurrence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2(above P<0.001). 44.62% (4 391/9 840) of the patients who had not recovered their sense of smell and taste also suffered from nasal congestion, runny nose, and 32.62% (3 210/9 840) suffered from dry mouth and sore throat. The improvement of olfactory and taste functions was correlated with the persistence of accompanying symptoms(χ2=10.873, P=0.001). The average score of olfactory and taste VAS scale was 8.41 and 8.51 respectively before SARS-CoV-2 infection, but decreased to3.69 and 4.29 respectively after SARS-CoV-2 infection, and recovered to 5.83and 6.55 respectively at the time of the survey. The median duration of olfactory and gustatory dysfunctions was 15 days and 12 days, respectively, with 0.5% (121/24 096) of patients experiencing these dysfunctions for more than 28 days. The overall self-reported improvement rate of smell and taste dysfunctions was 59.16% (14 256/24 096). Gender(OR=0.893, 95%CI: 0.839-0.951), SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status (OR=1.334, 95%CI: 1.164-1.530), history of head and facial trauma(OR=1.180, 95%CI: 1.036-1.344, P=0.013), nose (OR=1.104, 95%CI: 1.042-1.171, P=0.001) and oral (OR=1.162, 95%CI: 1.096-1.233) health status, smoking history(OR=0.765, 95%CI: 0.709-0.825), and the persistence of accompanying symptoms (OR=0.359, 95%CI: 0.332-0.388) were correlated with the recovery of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to SARS-CoV-2 (above P<0.001 except for the indicated values). Conclusion: The incidence of olfactory and taste dysfunctions related to infection with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain is high in mainland China, with females and young people more likely to develop these dysfunctions. Active and effective intervention measures may be required for cases that persist for a long time. The recovery of olfactory and taste functions is influenced by several factors, including gender, SARS-CoV-2 vaccination status, history of head and facial trauma, nasal and oral health status, smoking history, and persistence of accompanying symptoms.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , SARS-CoV-2 , Smell , COVID-19/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19 Vaccines , Incidence , Olfaction Disorders/etiology , Taste Disorders/etiology , Prognosis
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 654-658, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980775

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the short-term efficacy, long-term efficacy and safety of acupuncture for chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).@*METHODS@#Forty-two patients with CP/CPPS were randomly divided into an acupuncture group (21 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a sham acupuncture group (21 cases). The patients in the acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at bilateral Zhongliao (BL 33), Huiyang (BL 35), Shenshu (BL 23) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6); the needling depth of Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35) was 60 to 80 mm, while Shenshu (BL 23) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) was directly punctured of 30 mm. The patients in the sham acupuncture group were treated with acupuncture at non-acupoints, including points 2 cm next to Shenshu (BL 23), Zhongliao (BL 33) and Huiyang (BL 35), and the midpoint of the connecting line between the spleen meridian and the kidney meridian. All the non-acupoints were treated with directly puncture of 2 to 3 mm. The needles were left for 30 min in both groups, once every other day in the first four weeks, three times a week, and twice a week in the next four weeks, totally 20 treatments. Before treatment, after treatment and in follow-up of 24 weeks after treatment completion, the National Institutes of Health-chronic prostatitis symptom index (NIH-CPSI) score and urinary flow rate were observed in both groups; the clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those before treatment, the pain and discomfort scores, urination symptoms scores, quality of life scores and total scores of NIH-CPSI in both groups were reduced after treatment in the two groups (P<0.01), while each item score and total score of NIH-CPSI in the acupuncture group were reduced in follow-up (P<0.01, P<0.05). After treatment and in follow-up, each item score and total score of NIH-CPSI in the acupuncture group were lower than those in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05, P<0.01). After treatment, the maximum and average urinary flow rates in the acupuncture group were higher than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the average urinary flow rate in the acupuncture group was higher than that in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 75.0% (15/20) in the acupuncture group, which was higher than 42.9% (9/21) in the sham acupuncture group (P<0.05). No significant adverse reactions were observed in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could effectively alleviate the clinical symptoms, improve quality of life, and has a sustained, safe and reliable therapeutic effect in patients with CP/CPPS.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , United States , Prostatitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Acupuncture Therapy , Punctures , Meridians
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969835

ABSTRACT

The laboratory diagnostic strategy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a process to accurately detect HIV patients through a combination of available HIV tests. Laboratory tests for HIV infection are mainly serological antibody and antigen testing and HIV RNA testing. With the update of testing reagents, the sensitivity and specificity have improved substantially and the window period of detection has shortened, but there is a risk of false positives. Various guidelines have recommended different diagnostic strategies for different target populations and different prevalence regions to guide patients to confirm the diagnosis and receive standardized antiretroviral therapy as early as possible. How to refer to the diagnostic strategies, reduce false positives and shorten the window period while increasing the detection rate is an urgent issue for laboratories to address. This article describes the characteristics and advantages and disadvantages of testing methods related to HIV infection from the perspective of laboratory diagnostic strategies, as well as the impact of the development of treatments on diagnostic strategies, in order to provide theoretical support for the practical application of HIV diagnostic strategies.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV , HIV Infections/diagnosis , Sensitivity and Specificity , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Quality Control
9.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 2022 May; 70(5): 1736-1741
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-224313

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate changes in the levator palpebrae superioris (LPS) muscle on 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after triamcinolone acetonide injection for treating upper lid retraction (ULR) with Graves’ ophthalmopathy (GO) and to explore the value of LPS muscle quantitative measurement for clinical treatment. Methods: Patients with GO showing ULR were studied retrospectively and they underwent 3.0 T MRI scans before and after subconjunctival injection o f triamcinolone acetonide. The largest thickness (T) and highest signal intensity (SI) of LPS muscle on the affected eyes were measured in the sequences of coronal T2?weighted, fat?suppressed fast spin echo imaging (T2WI?fs) and T1?weighted, fat?suppressed, contrast?enhanced fast spin echo imaging (T1WI?fs + C), respectively. The SI ratio (SIR) (LPS muscle SI/ ipsilateral temporalis SI) was calculated individually. Depending on the therapeutic effect, patients were divided into effective group and non?effective group. Independent t?test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle in different treatment groups before treatment, and paired sample t?test was used to compare SIR and T of LPS muscle before and after treatment. Then cut?off level for predicting therapeutic effect and the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) curve were analyzed. Results: Sixty?two patients (77 eyes) were enrolled. After treatment, the T of LPS muscle showed significant decrease in all sequences in both effective and non?effective treatment groups. However, changes in SIR of LPS muscle in the two groups were different; SIR of LPS muscle on T2WI?fs and T1WI?fs + C decreased after treatment in the effective group (PT2 < 0.001, PT1 + C < 0.001) and SIR of LPS muscle showed no statistically difference in all sequences (all P > 0.05) in the non?effective group. There was a correlation between SIR of LPS muscle before treatment and after treatment with triamcinolone acetonide injection, which was that SIR of LPS muscle in the effective treatment group was lower than that in the non?effective treatment group on T1WI?fs + C (P < 0.001). SIR of LPS muscle on T1WI?fs + C showed 87.5% sensitivity and 66.7% specificity to predict therapeutic effect (area under the ROC curve [AUC] = 0.840). Conclusion: In GO patients with ULR, 3.0 T MRI can be used to evaluate the response of triamcinolone acetonide injection. SIR of LPS may be a predictor of its efficacy

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940390

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of cancer-relative endothelial (CRE) cells, and to decipher the mechanism of XLJDP in regulating angiopoietin2 (Ang2) to maintain CRE cell homeostasis and inhibit tumor neovascularization. MethodHuman umbilical vein endothelial cell line (HUVEC-c) was induced into CRE cells in the human colorectal cancer HCT-116 cell-conditioned medium. The CRE cells were assigned into the blank group, conditioned medium group, and XLJDP groups (1, 2, 3 g·L-1) and treated for 48 h. The proliferation of CRE cells was detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry. The morphological changes of CRE cells were observed via an inverted microscope. The apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry. Wound healing test and Transwell migration assay were employed to detect the 2D/3D migration ability of CRE cells. The protein levels of vimentin, N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), and Ang2 in CRE cells were measured by Western blot. ResultThe MTT results showed that the cell viability was higher in the conditioned medium group than in the blank group (P<0.05). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP decreased the cell proliferation rate (P<0.01) and changed the cell morphology. The total apoptosis rates of all the XLJDP groups were higher than that of the conditioned medium group (P<0.01). The 2D and 3D migration abilities of the conditioned medium group were higher than those of the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP at all the concentrations weakened the 2D migration ability (P<0.01) and medium- and high-concentration XLJDP weakened the 3D migration ability (P<0.01). The protein levels of N-cadherin, Vimentin, MMP-9, and Ang2 were up-regulated in the conditioned medium group compared with those in the blank group (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the conditioned medium group, XLJDP at all the concentrations down-regulated the protein level of Ang2 (P<0.05, P<0.01), and medium- and high-concentration XLJDP down-regulated those of N-cadherin, vimentin, and MMP-9 protein (P<0.01). ConclusionXLJDP may inhibit the proliferation, migration, differentiation, and apoptosis of CRE cells by down-regulating the expression of Ang2, inhibiting tumor neovascularization, and maintaining the cell homeostasis.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 79-85, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940389

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of Xianlian Jiedu prescription (XLJDP) on the activation of nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway induced by bromodomain-containing protein 4 (Brd4) in hypoxic microenvironment and to explore its mechanism in inhibiting the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. MethodThe human colorectal cancer HT-29 cells were cultured in a hypoxic incubator or normoxia incubator and treated with XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 for 48 h, respectively. Following the detection of cell vitality using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetry, the effects of XLJDP (1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1) on the cell mitochondrial membrane potential were determined using a fluorescent probe (JC-1), and the apoptosis of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells was detected by flow cytometry. The cell colony formation assay and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EDU) staining were conducted to test the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells. The Western blot was carried out to measure the expression levels of Brd4 and its downstream relevant proteins such as c-Myc and hexamethylene bisacetamide-inducible protein 1 (HEXIM1), as well as the effects of XLJDP on related proteins in the NF-κB signaling pathway. ResultCompared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 0.8,1,1.2,1.6,3.2,6.4,and 12.8 g·L-1 inhibited the vitality of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells (P<0.05 , P<0.01), with the median inhibitory concentration (IC50) under the hypoxic condition higher than that under the normoxia condition. Compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 significantly decreased the mitochondria membrane potential, enhanced the apoptosis (P<0.05,P<0.01), and lowered the number of cell colonies and also the EDU-positive cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of Western blot showed that compared with the blank control group, XLJDP at 1.25,2.5,and 5 g·L-1 down-regulated Brd4, c-Myc, p-NF-κB p65, and p-IκBα protein expression to varying degrees and up-regulated the expression of HEXIM1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionIn the hypoxic microenvironment, XLJDP inhibits the proliferation of colorectal cancer HT-29 cells regulated by Brd4, which may be related to its inhibition of the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.

12.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 442-452, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Depression and metabolic disorders have overlapping psychosocial and pathophysiological causes. Current research is focused on the possible role of adiponectin in regulating common biological mechanisms. Xiaoyao San (XYS), a classic Chinese medicine compound, has been widely used in the treatment of depression and can alleviate metabolic disorders such as lipid or glucose metabolism disorders. However, the ability of XYS to ameliorate depression-like behavior as well as metabolic dysfunction in mice and the underlying mechanisms are unclear.@*METHODS@#An in vivo animal model of depression was established by chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). XYS and fluoxetine were administered by gavage to the drug intervention group. Depression-like behaviors were analyzed by the social interaction test, open field test, forced swim test, and elevated plus maze test. Glucose levels were measured using the oral glucose tolerance test. The involvement of certain molecules was validated by immunofluorescence, histopathology, and Western blotting. In vitro, hypothalamic primary neurons were exposed to high glucose to induce neuronal damage, and the neuroprotective effect of XYS was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assay. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to evaluate the influences of XYS on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1), adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and other related proteins.@*RESULTS@#XYS ameliorated CSDS-induced depression-like behaviors and glucose tolerance impairment in mice and increased the level of serum adiponectin. XYS also restored Nissl bodies in hypothalamic neurons in mice that exhibited depression-like behaviors and decreased the degree of neuronal morphological damage. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that XYS increased the expression of AdipoR1 in hypothalamic neurons.@*CONCLUSION@#Adiponectin may be a key regulator linking depression and metabolic disorders; regulation of the hypothalamic AdipoR1/AMPK/ACC pathway plays an important role in treatment of depression by XYS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase/metabolism , Adiponectin/metabolism , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , China , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glucose , Hypothalamus/metabolism , Receptors, Adiponectin/metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 425-432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936230

ABSTRACT

Objective: Transcriptome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed on the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells in patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis (AR) and perennial AR, so as to obtain the differences in the gene expression of nasal epithelial cells between seasonal AR and perennial AR. Methods: The human nasal epithelial cell line(HNEpC) was cultured in vitro, treated with 100 μg/ml mugwort or house dust mite (HDM) extracts for 24 hours. Total cell RNA was extracted, and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was used to detect the expression of cytokines, including IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP). From November 2019 to November 2020, 3 seasonal AR patients, 3 perennial AR patients, and 3 healthy controls who attended the Department of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, China-Japan Union Hospital of Jilin University were analyzed. The patients' primary nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro, treated with corresponding allergens for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted for transcriptome sequencing, and the sequencing results were analyzed by bioinformatics. Results: The qPCR results showed that the cytokines IL-6, IL-8, IL-33 and TSLP of HNEpC treated with mugworts extracts and HDM extracts had the same trend of change. After the nasal epithelial cells from patients with seasonal AR and perennial AR were treated with corresponding allergens, there were differences in biological processes and signal pathways between those and control. Gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis showed that the differentially expressed genes (DEG) in AR patients allergic to mugwort were mainly enriched in the oxidation-reduction process, the negative regulation of apoptosis process, and the cell adhesion; the DEG in AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cell adhesion, the negative regulation of cell proliferation and the response to drug. Enrichment analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathway showed that the DEG of AR patients allergic to mugwort were significantly enriched in arachidonic acid metabolism, p53 signaling pathway and transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) signaling pathway, while the DEG of AR patients allergic to HDM were mainly enriched in cells cycle, Fanconi anemia pathway and DNA replication. Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) showed that the inflammatory response, TNF-α/NF-κB signaling pathway and IL-2/STAT5 signaling pathway were significantly up-regulated in AR patients allergic to mugwort, indicating the promotion of inflammatory response; and AR patients allergic to HDM had significant down-regulation of G2M, E2F, and MYC, indicating the inhibition of cell proliferation. The protein-protein interaction network showed that TNF and CDK1 were the most interacting proteins in mugwort and HDM allergic AR patients, respectively. Conclusion: Seasonal AR and perennial AR may affect the different biological processes and signal pathways of nasal epithelial cells, leading to differences in the occurrence and development of AR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Allergens , Computational Biology , Cytokines/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Gene Expression , Interleukin-33/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Interleukin-8 , Nasal Mucosa/metabolism , Plant Extracts/metabolism , Pyroglyphidae , RNA/metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Rhinitis, Allergic, Seasonal , Seasons
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 437-443, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927987

ABSTRACT

The present study developed an ultra-fast liquid chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole-linear ion trap composite mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QTRAP-MS) to simultaneously determine the content of potential active components in Scutellariae Barbatae Herba and also to provide a reference approach for screening out the differential quality control components among different batches of Scutellariae Barbatae Herba. Chromatographic separations were conducted on a Thermo Acclaim~(TM) RSLC 120 C_(18) column(3.0 mm×100 mm, 2.2 μm) in a gradient program. The mobile phase consisted of 0.1% aqueous formic acid and acetonitrile, and the column temperature was maintained at 40 ℃. The flow rate was 0.4 mL·min~(-1) and the injection volume was 2 μL. The targeted compounds were monitored in the multiple reaction monitoring(MRM) mode. The acquired data were processed by hierarchical cluster analysis(HCA) and partial least square discriminant analysis(PLS-DA). Sixteen compounds all showed good linear relationship within the corresponding linear ranges and the R~2 values were all higher than 0.993 2. The RSDs of precision, repeatability, and stability were less than or equal to 3.7%. Mean recovery rates were in the range of 95.67% and 104.8% with RSDs≤3.2%. According to HCA and PLS-DA, all samples were clustered into four categories. Scutellarin, acteoside, scutellarein, and scutebarbatine X(VIP>1) were considered as differential chemical markers in the four categories. In conclusion, the developed method can be used for the simulta-neous determination of the multiple components and quality control of Scutellariae Barbatae Herba.


Subject(s)
Chemometrics , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Scutellaria , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 739-746, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the genetic information of 57 autosomal InDel loci (A-InDels) included in AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit in the Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province and evaluate its application value in forensic medicine.@*METHODS@#A total of 200 unrelated healthy individuals from Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province were typing detected by AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit. Allele frequencies and population genetic parameters of the 57 A-InDels were statistically analyzed and compared with the available data of 26 populations.@*RESULTS@#After Bonferroni correction, there was no linkage disequilibrium between the 57 A-InDels, and all loci were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Except for rs66595817 and rs72085595, the minor allele frequencies of 55 A-InDels were above 0.3. PIC ranged from 0.298 3 to 0.375 0, CDP was 1-2.974 8×10-24, CPEduo was 0.999 062 660, and CPEtrio was 0.999 999 999. The calculation of the genetic distance showed that Beichuan Qiang population had the closest genetic distances with Beijing Han and South China Han populations, but far away from African populations.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 57 A-InDels in AGCU InDel 60 fluorescence detection kit have a good genetic polymorphism in Beichuan Qiang population of Sichuan Province, which can be used as effective supplemental for individual identification and paternity identification in forensic medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Genetics, Population , Asian People/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Gene Frequency , INDEL Mutation , China , Microsatellite Repeats , Genetic Loci
16.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 937-943, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941024

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism by which berberine inhibits ferroptosis of mouse hippocampal neuronal cells (HT22).@*METHODS@#Cultured HT22 cells were pretreated with 30 or 60 μmol/L berberine for 2 h before exposure to 0.5 μmol/L erastin for 8 h, and the cell proliferation, intracellular ferric iron level, changes in intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and cell apoptosis were detected using CCK-8, Fe2+ fluorescent probe, fluorescent dye (DAPI) and fluorescent probe (H2DCFH-DA). RT-qPCR and Western blotting were used to detect the mRNA and protein expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells. We further tested the effects of treatments with 2 μmol/L ML385 (a Nrf2 inhibitor), 60 μmol/L berberine and erastin in the cells to explore the protective mechanism of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis in the neuronal cells.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 0.5 μmol/L erastin significantly lowered the viability of HT22 cells (P < 0.05) and increased the production of ROS, cell apoptosis rate and ferric iron level (P < 0.05). Pretreatment with 30 and 60 μmol/L berberine both significantly increased the vitality of erastin-exposed cells (P < 0.05) and lowered the levels of intracellular ROS and ferric iron content (P < 0.05). RT-qPCR and Western blotting showed that berberine obviously promoted the expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and GPX4 in the cells (P < 0.05), and treatment with ML385 significantly inhibited the Nrf2-HO-1/GPX4 pathway, increased intracellular ROS and ferric iron contents and mitigated the protective effect of berberine against erastin-induced ferroptosis (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Berberine can inhibit erastin-induced ferroptosis in HT22 cells possibly by activating the Nrf2-HO-1/ GPX4 pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Berberine/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Fluorescent Dyes , Hippocampus/metabolism , Iron/metabolism , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Piperazines , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
17.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 317-322, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of internal external fixator assisted O-arm navigation imaging in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures.@*METHODS@#From May 2019 to November 2019, 15 patients with unstable pelvic fractures were treated by intraoperative O-arm navigation imaging using INFIX technology. There were 6 males and 9 females. The age ranged from 24 to 66 years old. The course of disease ranged from 2 to 14 days. According to Tile classification, there were 1 case of B1 type, 8 cases of B2 type, 3 cases of C1 type, and 3 cases of C2 type. According to Young-Burgess classification, there were 8 cases of LC, 1 case of APC, 4 cases of VS, 2 cases of CM. Preoperative routine pelvic anteroposterior film, entrance position, exit position and pelvic CT three-dimensional reconstruction were performed. Intraoperative O-arm navigation system three-dimensional reconstruction and triplane scanning imaging were used to evaluate the effect of intraoperative reduction. The anterior pelvic ring was fixed with internal external fixator, and the posterior ring was fixed with sacroiliac screw, plate screw or lumbar iliac screw. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding and nail placement were observed and recorded. The quality of fracture reduction was evaluated by Matta standard, and the postoperative function was evaluated by Majeed function score.@*RESULTS@#Wound healing was good in all patients without vascular, nerve and local irritation complications. All the 15 patients were followed up for 10 to 16 months. The fracture reduction was evaluated according to the Matta scoring standard, 9 cases were excellent results, 5 cases were good, and 1 case was medium. The Majeed functional score was 0 to 95 points.@*CONCLUSION@#The built-in external fixator assisted O-arm navigation imaging system in the treatment of unstable pelvic fractures. The reduction effect is evaluated in advance, the operation time is shortened, and the accuracy of internal fixation is improved. The operation is simple, safe and less bleeding. The operation is in line with the principles of minimally invasive medical treatment and precision medical treatment in orthopedics, which is conducive to the recovery of patients' postoperative function and rapid recovery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 80-86, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical efficacy of Sheti Zhiqiu decoction combined with intradermal needling in treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome and its effect on cytokines of helper T cell 17 (Th17) and regulatory T cells (Treg). Method:A total of 105 patients with AR of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome were randomly divided into traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) group, combination group and western medicine group, with 35 cases in each group. The TCM group was treated with Sheti Zhiqiu decoction, 1 dose a day. The combination group was treated with intradermal needling in addition to the therapy of the TCM group. The selected acupoints were Yintang, bilateral Yingxiang, Fengchi, Feishu and Zusanli. The needles were retained for 3 days before being replaced. The western medicine group was treated with mometasone furoate nasal spray, 100 μg/time at each side of the nasal cavity, <italic>qd</italic>, and desloratadine citrate tablet, 8.8 mg/time, <italic>qd</italic>. Three groups were treated for 4 weeks and followed up for 3 months. Nasal and ocular symptom scores and rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire (RQLQ) scores of patients in three groups were observed before and after treatment. Levels of serum interleukin-17 (IL-17), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>) were measured before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated, and the disease recurrence rate was observed during the follow-up period. Result:Compared with before treatment, nasal and ocular symptom scores and total score, and RQLQ scores and total score of patients in three groups were significantly decreased after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the TCM group and the western medicine group after treatment, except for eyes itching/foreign body sensation/red eyes score, nasal and ocular symptom scores and total score, and RQLQ scores and total score of the combination group were lower(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with before treatment, level of serum IL-17 of patients in three groups was significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while levels of IL-10 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were significantly increased after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the TCM group and the western medicine group after treatment, level of serum IL-17 was lower, whereas levels of IL-10 and TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> were higher in the combination group (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The clinical efficacy of the combination group was better than that of the TCM medicine group and the western medicine group (Z=-2.207,Z=-2.185,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant difference in recurrence rate between combination group and the TCM group, and the recurrence rate of both groups was lower than that of the western medicine group(<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.020,<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.835,<italic>P</italic><0.05). There was no significant adverse reaction during the treatment period in three groups. Conclusion:Sheti Zhiqiu decoction combined with intradermal needling is effective in treatment of patients with AR of deficient cold of lung Qi syndrome. It can significantly relieve patients' symptoms, improve patients' quality of life and reduce disease recurrence. It may play a role by regulating immune balance of Th17/Treg of patients and improving their immune function.

19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 313-315, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877611
20.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1209-1212, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877386

ABSTRACT

@#Considering the increased use of electronic devices, the incidence of dry eye disease(DED)has been rising. The condition has seriously affected people's work and lives. DED, the most common ocular surface disease, can be caused by many factors. The meibomian gland dysfunction(MGD)is one of the main factors. Either abnormal secretions from the meibomian gland or an obstruction of the gland ducts can lead to evaporative dry eye. By summarising the relevant literature, this review addresses the aetiology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of DED associated with MGD.

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