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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis of malignant and benign thyroid tumors.@*METHODS@#DNA methylation of HYAL2 gene in tissue specimens of 190 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and 190 age- and gender-matched patients with benign thyroid tumors was examined by mass spectrometry, and the protein expression of HYAL2 was detected immunohistochemically for another 55 pairs of patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and evaluate the correlation of per 10% reduction in DNA methylation with PTC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the predictive value of alterations in HYAL2 methylation.@*RESULTS@#Hypomethylation of HYAL2_CpG_3 was significantly correlated with early-stage PTC (OR=1.51, P=0.001), even in stage I cancer (OR=1.42, P=0.007). Age-stratified analysis revealed a significantly stronger correlation between increased HYAL2_CpG_ 3 methylation and early-stage PTC in patients below 50 years than in those older than 50 years (OR: 1.89 vs 1.37, P < 0.05); ROC analysis also showed a larger AUC of 0.787 in younger patients. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that patients with PTC had significantly higher protein expressions of HYAL2 than patients with benign tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#The alterations of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene is significantly correlated with early-stage PTC, suggesting the value of DNA methylation level as a potential biomarker for differentiation of malignant from benign thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , DNA Methylation , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Middle Aged , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 185-191, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935200

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy of sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) with perineural invasion (PNI), and explore the prognostic value of PNI on sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 105 patients with sinonasal ACC admitted to Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January 2000 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were restaged according to American Joint Committee on Cancer 8th edition. Follow-up visits were conducted to obtain information of treatment failure and survival outcome. The Log rank test was used for univariate analysis of prognostic factors, and Cox regression model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results: The maxillary sinus (n=59) was the most common primary site, followed by the nasal cavity (n=38). There were 93 patients with stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ. The treatment modalities included surgery alone (n=14), radiotherapy alone (n=13), preoperative radiotherapy plus surgery (n=10), and surgery plus postoperative radiotherapy (n=68). The median follow-up time was 91.8 months, the 5-year local control (LC), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were 72.6%, 73.0%, 52.9% and 78.0%, respectively. There were 33 patients (31.4%) with PNI-positive. The 5-year DMFS, PFS, and OS rates of PNI-positive group were 53.7%, 29.4% and 56.5%, respectively, which were significantly inferior to those of PNI-negative group (80.8%, 63.0% and 86.8%, respectively, P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the 5-year LC rate between both groups (64.5% vs 76.5%, P=0.273). The multivariate Cox regression analysis showed PNI was one of the poor prognostic factors of DMFS (HR=3.514, 95%CI: 1.557-7.932), PFS (HR=2.562, 95%CI: 1.349-4.866) and OS (HR=2.605, 95%CI: 1.169-5.806). Among patients with PNI-positive, the 5-year LC, PFS and OS rates of patients received surgery combined with radiotherapy were 84.9%, 41.3% and 72.7%, respectively, which were significantly higher than 23.3%, 10.0% and 26.7% of patients receiving surgery or radiotherapy alone (P<0.05). Conclusion: The presence of PNI increases the risk of distant metastasis in patients with sinonasal ACC. Compared with patients with PNI-negative, the prognosis of patients with PNI-positive is relatively poor, and surgery combined with radiotherapy for PNI-positive sinonasal ACC results in good clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Humans , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/therapy , Prognosis , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930821

ABSTRACT

Objective:The epidemiological characteristics of PICU deaths in 2017 in the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University, Guizhou Provincial People′s Hospital, and Guiyang Children′s Hospital were summarized and analyzed to provide a basis for formulating intervention measures to effectively reduce the mortality rate of children.Methods:The clinical datas of PICU deaths in three tertiary hospitals in 2017 were collected retrospectively.The cases were divided according to different ages and lengths of hospitalization.And gender, age, length of death, length of hospitalization, and death diseases were summarized and analyzed.Results:In 2017, the PICU of the three tertiary hospitals admitted 2 092 children, of which 139 (6.64%) died, including 84 males and 55 females.The months with the highest case fatality rates were January, February, July and August.The fatality rates were 9.14% (18/197), 9.04% (15/166), 13.25% (20/151), 7.93% (13/164), respectively.There was statistically significant difference in the mortality of children admitted in each month ( P=0.038). Among the death cases, the infant group (29 days to 1 year old) accounted for the largest proportion with 58 cases (41.73%), followed by the preschool group (3 to 7 years old) with 37 cases (26.62%), the infant group (1 to 3 years old) with 24 cases(17.27%), and the school-age group (7 to 14 years old) with 20 cases(14.38%). The top three death diseases were: 39 cases (28.06%) of bronchial pneumonia (severe), 28 cases (20.14%) of hematological tumors and solid tumors, and 23 cases (16.55%) of trauma.The difference of its distribution in different age groups was statistically significant( P<0.05). The patients were divided into four groups according to the length of hospital stay.The time ≤1 d group had the highest mortality of 54 cases (38.85%), -3 d group and -7 d group both had 32 cases (23.02%), the >7 d group had the lowest mortality of 21 cases (15.11%). Conclusion:In 2017, January, February and July, August are the peak months of deaths in PICUs in Guizhou, with the highest number of infant deaths.Bronchial pneumonia(severe), hematological tumors and solid tumors, and trauma are the top three death diseases.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940324

ABSTRACT

In this paper, through consulting relevant records in materia medica, medical and prescription books, and combining with modern literature, the name, origin, producing area, collection and processing of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix in famous classical formulas from The Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (The First Batch) was systematically sorted out and textual research was carried out, in order to provide a basis for the development of the famous classical formulas containing Gentianae macrophyllae Radix. After textual research, it was found that Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix was the rectification of name in the past dynasties. In addition, there were other names such as Qinjiao, Qingua and Qinzhua. Gentiana macrophylla, G. straminea, G. dahurica and G. siphonantha were the main origin of this herb in ancient literature. Among them, G. macrophylla is the mainstream. In the Southern and Northern dynasties, G. straminea and G. macrophylla produced in northern Sichuan were recommended as the best. In the early Tang dynasty, G. macrophylla from the Liupan Mountain area at the border of Shanxi and Gansu provinces was the mainstream. During the Northern Song dynasty, G. siphonantha from Linxia and Qilian Mountain of Gansu province and G. macrophylla from eastern Shaanxi province were two new producing areas. In the Ming and Qing dynasties, the abundant base and production areas of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix were gradually formed. In the past dynasties, harvesting was carried out in spring and autumn, and stored mainly by aeration drying or shade drying treatment. The processing methods are mainly the raw products after the net selection, cutting and drying, in addition to the frying, processing with wine and milk. G. macrophylla is recommended as the first choice for the herbal medicine involved in the famous classical formulas. Among them, wild products produced in Gansu and Shaanxi are the best, and raw products are recommended to be used. At the same time, it is suggested that G. siphonantha should be added to the subsequent edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia as one of origins of Gentianae Macrophyllae Radix.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928896

ABSTRACT

The unipolar/bipolar pacing mode of pacemaker is related to its circuit impedance, which affects the battery life. In this study, the in vitro experiment scheme of pacemaker circuit impedance test was constructed. The human blood environment was simulated by NaCl solution, and the experimental environment temperature was controlled by water bath. The results of in vitro experiments showed that under the experimental conditions similar to clinical human parameters, the difference between the circuit impedance of bipolar mode and unipolar mode is 120~200 Ω. The results of the in vitro experiment confirmed that the circuit impedance of bipolar circuit was larger than that of unipolar mode, which was found in clinical practice. The results of this study have reference value to the optimization of pacing mode and the reduction of pacemaker power consumption.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electric Impedance , Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prostheses and Implants
6.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 491-494, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of perforator flap of proper palmar digital and hallex fibular flap in repair of soft tissue defect of fingers.Methods:A total of 52 patients with finger soft tissue injury were reviewed from January, 2017 to January, 2019. Twenty-seven patients were repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25 by hallex fibular flaps. Both groups of patients had only soft tissue defects without phalangeal fracture. Postoperative follow-up were conducted by phone, WeChat and visit of outpatient clinic. The recovery of finger sensory function was evaluated according to the Trial Standard for Replantation Evaluation of Severed Digit by the Hand Surgery Society of Chinese Medical Association. The flaps were evaluated according to the shape, patient satisfaction and finger function and classified in excellent, good, fair and poor. Data of the 2 groups of patients were collected and statistically analysed by SPSS 22.0. P<0.05 was statistically significant. Results:Both groups entered follow-up for 12-16 months. All flaps in both groups survived. There was statistically significant difference of TPD between the 2 groups[TPD were 4-7(5.3±1.2) mm and 6-10(8.4±1.7)mm, respectively]( t=7.642, P=0.000). According to the Evaluation Criteria of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association. In the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, 17 fingers were excellent, 6 good, and 4 fair, with a 85.1% of excellent and good rate. In the group repaired by hallex fibular flap, 8 fingers were excellent, 5 good, 9 fair, and 3 poor, with a 52.0% of excellent and good rate. The difference between 2 groups was statistically significant ( t=6.710, P=0.009). There was a 3.7% incidence of complications in the group repaired by perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery, and 25.9% in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant( t=4.167, P=0.032), and there was a higher incidence of complications in the group repaired by hallex fibular flap. Conclusion:The perforator flap of proper palmar digital artery and the hallex fibular flap are good choices in the repair of finger soft tissue defect. However, the postoperative complication of the hallux fibular flap is relatively high. Therefore, it is necessary to make a decision in the choice of flap according to the actual situation in clinical work.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1805-1809, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932000

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to accurately evaluate the postoperative rehabilitation of gynecological robotic surgery, a prediction model for evaluating postanesthesia care unit (PACU) extubation time and hospital stay in gynecological robotic surgery was established.Methods:The clinical data of gynecological patients who underwent robotic surgery in Xiangya Third Hospital of Central South University from October 2015 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and the data were screened to evaluate the postoperative recovery of patients from two aspects: PACU extubation time and postoperative hospital stay. Binary logistic regression was used to screen out the factors affecting PACU extubation time and postoperative hospital stay, and the prediction model was preliminarily established and verified.Results:Finally, there were 456 patients and 30 variables analyzed in the binary logistics regression. According to these variables, the prediction model of the postoperative recovery evaluation after gynecological robotic surgical procedures was established. Among them, age, intraoperative amount of atracurium and midazolam were independent risk factors affecting PACU extubation time (all P<0.05). American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade, intraoperative amount of midazolam, intraoperative bleeding and operation time were independent risk factors affecting postoperative hospital stay (all P<0.05). All models passed Hosmer lemeshow test (all P>0.05); The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) were 0.647 and 0.806, respectively. Conclusions:The prediction model of PACU extubation time and the postoperative hospitalization time has been established.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of phytic acid derived bioactive P2O5-SiO2-CaO gel-glasses (PSC) on the proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro.@*METHODS@#HUVECs were cultured in PSC extracts, which were prepared with endothelial cell medium (ECM) at a gradient concentration of 0.01, 0.1, 1 and 2 g/L. Cells cultured in ECM were used as the control. The effect of PSC on HUVECs proliferation was assessed on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 10th days with (4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) 2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay (MTT), and the optimum PSC concentration for HUVECs proliferation was used in the following experiments. The subsequent experiments were divided into two groups. The experimental group used PSC extracts to culture HUVECs (PSC group) and the control group used ECM to culture HUVECs (ECM group). Gene expression of angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), was detected on the 2nd, 4th and 7th days by real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (real-time RT-PCR). The morphology and number of tubules formation were observed at the 4th and 10th hours. Image J software was used for counting and quantitative analysis.@*RESULTS@#The results of MTT assay showed that 0.1 g/L PSC group had the most significant effect on promoting HUVECs proliferation. The optical density values of 0.1 g/L PSC group on the 5th and 7th days were significantly higher than those of the other PSC groups and the control group (P < 0.05). The result of real-time RT-PCR showed that 0.1 g/L PSC extract up-regulated the mRNA expression of VEGF and bFGF significantly (P < 0.05). On the 4th day, the gene expressions of VEGF and bFGF in PSC group were 1.59 and 1.45 times higher than those in ECM group respectively, and on the 7th day, the gene levels of VEGF and bFGF in PSC group were 1.98 and 1.37 times higher than those in ECM group respectively. The tubule formation assay showed that the maturity and density of the tubules in 0.1 g/L PSC group was much better than that in the ECM group at the 10th hour. The quantitative analysis by Image J indicated that the tubules number in PSC group (29.63±2.29) was higher than in the ECM group (20.13±2.36), with statistical significance (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#PSC showed significant promoting effects on HUVECs' proliferation, differentiation and angiogenesis in vitro.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Silicon Dioxide , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
9.
Indian Pediatr ; 2020 Feb; 57(2): 138-142
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-199478

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of congenital heart disease inYunnan, China which has diverse ethnic groups. Methods: This cross-sectional studyenrolled 244,023 children from 2010 to 2015. To diagnose CHD, a conventional physicalexamination was used to screen suspicious cases, which were further confirmed byechocardiography. Results: A total of 1695 children were diagnosed with CHD. Theestimated prevalence was 6.94%. Atrial septal defects were the most common cardiacabnormalities. A higher prevalence of CHD was observed with preterm birth, low birthweight, maternal age ≥35 years, and high-altitude regions. The prevalence also showeddifferences between diverse ethnic groups. Conclusion: The prevalence of CHD in Chinamay have ethnic differences.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872953

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the clinical efficacy of modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang in treating early diabetic nephropathy(DN)with deficiency of spleen and kidney, damp-heat and blood stasis syndrome and its effect on glucose and lipid metabolism, oxidative stress and inflammatory factors, in order to explore its mechanism. Method::A total of 72 early DN atients were randomly divided into control group and treatment group, with 36 cases in each group. The control group was orally treated with losartan potassium tablets(50 mg every time, once/day), while the treatment group was treated with modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang orally in addition to the therapy of the control group(1 dose/day). Both groups were treated for 3 months. The changes in clinical efficacy and safety indicators were observed for both groups. The 24 h urine albumin excretion rate(UAER), serum creatinine(SCr), serum cystatin C(Cys C), urea nitrogen (BUN), fasting blood glucose (FBG), 2 h postprandial blood glucose (2 hPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), malondialdehyde(MDA), superoxide dismutase(SOD), glutathione Peroxidase(GSH-Px), interleukin-2(IL-2), interleukin-4(IL-4), interleukin-8(IL-8), interleukin-10(IL-10), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)of patients in two groups were observed before and after treatment. Result::The total clinical effective rate was 88.9%in therapy group, which was higher than 61.1%in control group(P<0.05). After treatment, levels of UAER, SCr, Cys C and BUN were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were all lower than those in control group(P<0.05). Levels of FBG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were lower in both groups(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in FBG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels between two groups after treatment. The levels of HDL-C were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were higher than that in control group(P<0.05). The levels of TC, TG and LDL-C were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in treatment group were all lower than those in control group(P<0.05). The level of MDA was lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the level in the treatment group was lower than that in control group(P<0.05). The levels of SOD and GSH-Px were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group were all higher than those in the control group(P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-2, IL-8 and TNF-α were lower in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group were lower than those in control group(P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-4 and IL-10 were higher in both groups(P<0.05), and the levels in the treatment group was higher than those in control group(P<0.05). Conclusion::Modified Buyang Huanwu Tang combined with Sanrentang is effective and safe in the treatment of early DN with spleen and kidney deficiency, damp-heat and blood stasis syndrome. They can further improve renal function and lipid metabolism, inhibit oxidative stress reaction and regulate the secretion balance of inflammatory factors in early DN patients.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872293

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influencing factors of telemedicine system operation and identify the relationship among them, so as to provide policy suggestions for promoting the healthy operation of telemedicine service system.Methods:The published literatures from January 2009 to December 2019 were searched, and the factors influencing the operation of telemedicine service system were preliminarily screened out. The influencing factors were evaluated and scored by expert consultation method(0-5 points). Then the influencing factors and their relationship were analyzed by decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory method.Results:A total of 16 influencing factors, including 6 cause factors and 10 result factors, were selected. In the cause factors, leadership support, supervision mechanism and incentive compatibility mechanism were in the top three; among the outcome factors, disease information communication, patient participation and medical service quality were more susceptible to other factors.Conclusions:It is helpful to promote the healthy and sustainable operation of telemedicine service system by enhancing the attention of the leaders of medical institutions, building a perfect regulatory mechanism and incentive compatible mechanism, ensuring the effective communication of disease information by doctors of upper and lower medical institutions, and improving the participation of patients and the quality of medical services.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 446-449, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the method and effect of free thining anterolateral thigh perforator flap (ALTP) in repairing soft tissue defect of scar contracture deformity after hand trauma.Methods:From March, 2015 to August, 2019, 12 patients who suffered scar contracture after hand trauma were repaired with thin ALTP. First, completely resected the scar contracture tissue from the hands and restored the normal bone structure and force line of the hand. The area of hand wound defects were 5.0 cm×6.0 cm-8.0 cm×10.0 cm. The wound was repaired by free ALTP, and the flap was micro-thinned for the first time. The flaps did not carry broad fascia, and the donor sites were directly sutured. The wound healing, the flap appearance, texture, sensation, scarring of the donor area, and functional recovery of the affected hand were observed regularly after surgery. The patients were followed-up by outpatient review and WeChat.Results:All the flaps survived well after the operation. Two cases suffered crisis because hematoma entraps vein cause by bleeding from perforator branch. After surgical exploration, the flaps survived successfully. All 12 flaps were followed-up successfully, including 6 cases reviewed in outpatient clinic, 4 cases followed by WeChat video and 2 cases by telephone consultation. The follow-up time was 3-20 months, with an average of 11 months. The flaps were not bloated, soft, non-pigmented, and beautiful in appearance. Only linear scars remained in the donor sites. The gripp function, palm function, thumb opposition function and finger function of the affected hand were largely restored. According to the TAM method of Upper Limb Function Evaluation of the Chinese Medical Association: 7 cases were excellent, 4 cases were good, and 1 case was fair.Conclusion:The thinning ALTP can be used to repair the scar contracture deformity after hand trauma. It can carry different tissues for 3-dimensional repair. After operation, the flap has a beautiful appearance, the donor site can be closed directly, and the damage of donor site can be reduced. It is an effective method to repair the hand contracture deformity.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793025

ABSTRACT

The characteristics of syndrome differentiation and the experience of professor were briefly introduced for the treatment of infertility of ovulation disturbance, including three aspects, named the thought of diagnosis and treatment, the therapeutic method and the acupoint prescription, as well as the clinical case report. Academically, professor is deeply influenced by professor , the acupuncture master of Xin'an school and Lingnan school. Regarding the treatment of gynecological diseases, the academic thought of professor - and - is contributed. Professor attaches the importance to the syndrome differentiation based on meridian and collateral, supplemented by the syndrome differentiation of , , and blood, cold and heat, as well as the deficiency and excess. In clinical treatment, the acupoints are selected specially from the conception vessel, the governor vessel, the thoroughfare vessel and the belt vessel. The extra meridians are equally important as the regular ones in the treatment, especially the belt vessel. Additionally, the treatment focuses on communicating the congenital with the acquired one, regulating the liver and benefiting the kidney, as well as adjusting the heart, the spleen and the stomach to ease the uterus. Simultaneously, the great consideration is paid to the menstruation regulation so as to promote pregnancy.

14.
Acupuncture Research ; (6): 577-582, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844269

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion on renal function and expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), integrin-linked kinase (ILK) and bone morphogenetic protein-7 (BMP-7) in chronic renal failure (CRF) rabbits, so as to reveal its mechanisms underlying improvement of CRF. METHODS: Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into control, model, medication and herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion (moxibustion) groups (n=6 rabbits in each group). The CRF model was established by gavage of suspension of Adenine (150 mg·kg-1·d-1) for 21 days. Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion was applied to "Mingmen"(GV4) and bilateral "Shenshu"(BL23), "Pishu"(BL20) and for 5 moxa-cones every time. Rabbits of the medication group was treated by gavage of Losartan Potassium (2.33 mg·kg-1·d-1). All the treatments were conducted once daily,12 times a course for consecutive 3 courses with a two-day rest after each course of treatment. Serum creatinine (Scr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and 24 h urine protein contents were detected by using an automatic biochemical analyzer. The expression levels of CTGF, ILK and BMP-7 proteins and mRNA in the kidney tissue were determined by Western blot and quantitative real time-PCR, separately. RESULTS: Following modeling, Scr and BUN and 24 h urine protein contents were significantly increased in the model group in comparison with the control group (P0.05). CONCLUSION: Herbal cake-partitioned moxibustion can improve renal function in CRF rabbits, which may be related to its effects in suppressing the expression of ILK and CTGF, and in up-regulating the expression of BMP-7 in the kidney tissue.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823705

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic characteristics of drug resistance and homology of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBLs)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kpn) in hospitalized children in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in Guiyang area.Methods The Kpn strains were collected from hospitalized children at 3 PICU from the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University,Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital and Guiyang Children's Hospital from September 2014 to December 2016.Automatic bacteria identification instrument and Kirby-Bauer method were used to identify Kpn strains and confirm ESBLs phenotype respectively.The drug resistance genes were detected by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR),and their homology was analyzed by means of pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and cluster analysis.Results (1) A total of 207 non-repetitive Kpn strains were isolated,of which 128 strains produced ESBLs (61.8%).There was no significant difference in the ESBLs detection rates among the different hospitals,years and types of samples (x2 =0.40,5.19,4.68,all P > 0.05).(2) Among those 128 ESBLs-producing Kpn strains,123 strains (96.1%) were found to have drug-resistant genes,of which the detection rate of SHV type was the highest,accounting for 87.5%.These 3 drug resistance genotypes were distributed in 7 modes,of which 85.2% were carrying more than 2 genotypes.(3) PFGE genotypic assay showed that there were 109 genotypes and 5 dominant clones.The PICU at 3 hospitals were all prevalent with type A strain,accounting for 14.8%.In 2015,there was a short-term outbreak of type A strain in Guiyang Children's Hospital.While,the resistance phenotypes of Kpn and the genotype of PFGE could both be consistent or different.Conclusions The ESBLs-producing Kpn at PICU in Guiyang area has the characteristics of multi-drug resistance,its drug-resistant genotypes have diversified,and there is a small-scale short-term outbreak epidemic,which poses a serious threat to clinical anti-infection treatment.It is necessary to strengthen clinical drug resistance monitoring and adopt effective infection control measures to prevent and control the spread of nosocomial infections.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2049-2054, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780289

ABSTRACT

The chemical constituents from Brassica rapa were identified by various chromatographic techniques including silica gel, reversed-phase silica gel, macroporous resin and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography. Eight compounds were isolated from this plant. The isolated compounds were elucidated by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic methods, including extensive 1D, 2D-NMR, and HR-ESI-MS techniques. Compounds 1, 2 are new triterpenoids and 3-7 were isolated for the first time from Brassica rapa. The cytotoxic effect of compounds 1 and 2 were tested by MTT assay against five cancer cell lines. The result showed that all compounds exhibit growth inhibition for the cancer lines. Compound 1 has an IC50 value of 5.87 μmol·L-1 for growth inhibition of leukemia cell line HL-60, and IC50 value for compound 2 was 10.32 μmol·L-1.

17.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1024-1026, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776220

ABSTRACT

An experimental device is designed to solve the problem of fixing rabbits and providing moxibustion treatment at the same time. The device includes a rabbit fixing box and a moxibustion shelf. The rabbit fixing box and the moxibustion shelf are detachable, and could be used for moxibustion at the chest-back and abdomen of rabbits. A moxibustion device is placed on the moxibustion shelf. The moxibustion device can be moved forward, backward, leftward, rightward, upward and downward on the moxibustion shelf. It meets the requirements of moxibustion at multiple meridians or acupoints on the chest-back and abdomen at the same time. The moxibustion device is equipped with moxa cone or stick, which not only ensures the full burning of moxa, but also prevents the falling of moxa from hurting rabbits. In conclusion, the device has novel and unique structure, is safe and reliable, and easy to operate. It is an innovation in the experimental device of moxibustion, which could promote the animal experiment of moxibustion.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Meridians , Moxibustion , Rabbits
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775911

ABSTRACT

's acupuncture technique is a kind of special acupuncture methods developed and improved by . It has unique curative effects on hysterical paralysis, schizophrenia, madness, epilepsy and traumatic paraplegia, etc. This acupuncture technique has the characteristics of "deep" "transparent" "moving" and "sensing". The acupoints selection is different from that of twelve meridian acupoints. The deep insertion of acupuncture needles is applied at acupoints located in the wrist joint, ankle joint and below, while the penetration needling method is applied at acupoints located in the area which has relatively thick muscles, and where meridian and -meridian are symmetric with each other. The horizontal and deep connection of acupoints and the adjustment effect of -blood and - are emphasized during treatment.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Meridians , Yin-Yang
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1563-1571, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is sensitive to radiotherapy (RT). However, neurocognitive complications such as memory loss and learning and attention deficits emerge in the survivors of NPC who received RT. It remains unclear how radiation affects patient brain function. This pilot study aimed at finding cerebral functional alterations in NPC patients who have received RT.@*METHODS@#From September 2014 to December 2016, 42 individuals, including 22 NPC patients and 20 normal volunteer controls in National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and Peking Union Medical College, were recruited in this study. All patients received resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scans and neurocognitive tests 1 day before the initiation of RT (baseline) and 1 day after the completion of RT; the 20 normal controls were also subjected to the same scans and tests. The amplitude of the low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) in blood oxygen level-dependent signals and functional connectivity (FC) were used to characterize cerebral functional changes. Independent t test, paired t test, and analysis of variances were used to obtain statistical significance across groups.@*RESULTS@#After RT, NPC patients showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the calcarine sulcus, lingual gyrus, cuneus, and superior occipital gyrus and showed significantly reduced FC mainly in the default mode network (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim). Relative to the controls, ALFF was decreased in the lingual gyrus, calcarine sulcus, cingulate cortex, medial prefrontal gyrus (P < 0.05, corrected by AlphaSim), and FC reduction was found in multiple cerebellar-cerebral regions, including the cerebellum, parahippocampus, hippocampus, fusiform gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, inferior occipital gyrus, precuneus, and cingulate cortex (P < 0.001, corrected by AlphaSim).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Cerebral functional alterations occur immediately after RT. This study may provide an explanation for the cognitive deficits in the morphologically normal-appearing brains of NPC patients after RT and may contribute to the understanding of the complex mechanism of RT.

20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1620-1631, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonylphenol (NP) is an endocrine disruptor found in products such as cleaners, plastics, and detergents. It exerts actions similar to endogenous 17β-estradiol (E2) and is reported to influence various cancers. However, its role in colon cancer remains elusive. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Colon cancer cell lines COLO 205 and SW480 were employed in our study. The cells were treated with NP or E2 followed by measurement of apoptosis and proliferation using flow cytometry and MTT assays, respectively. G protein–coupled estrogen receptor 30 (GPR30) expression was visualized using immunofluorescence and Western blot. To investigate the underlying mechanism, the expression levels of GPR30, p-protein kinase A (PKA), c-myc, cyclin D1, and ERK1/2 were analyzed using Western blot. Meanwhile, the GPR30 antagonist G15 was utilized to validate the role of GPR30 in colon cancer progression. Finally, the effect of a GPR30 inhibitor on tumor growth was determined in vivo using tumor xenograft mouse models. RESULTS: NP facilitated the proliferation of colon cancer cells and induced apoptosis failure in vitro. Western blot revealed increased GPR30 expression levels in response to NP treatment. Cyclin D1, p-PKA, c-myc, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen, proteins that regulate the cell cycle, were all upregulated by NP, and NP-mediated ERK1/2 activation and subsequent cell proliferation were abrogated by the GPR30 inhibitor G15. Moreover, colon cancer mice that received G15 administration demonstrated impaired tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Low dose NP promotes the growth of colon tumors through GPR30-mediated activation of ERK1/2 signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Cycle , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Cyclin D1 , Detergents , Estrogens , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Heterografts , In Vitro Techniques , Mice , Phosphotransferases , Plastics , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
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