Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 854
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of digital endoscopic-assisted one-stage rhinoplasty and septoplasty by using subjective and objective methods.Methods:Thirty-two patients with skeletal crooked nose and nasal septum deviated who underwent endoscopic-assisted rhinoplasty and septoplasty were included in this study from January 2015 to January 2020. This study used objective measurements such as 3D digital imaging technology and CT scans, as well as subjective measurements such as Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) scale, Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) and Functional Rhinoplasty Outcome Inventory (FROI-17) to evaluate the crooked nose morphology and nasal respiratory function before and after surgery.Results:Compared with preoperatively, postoperative 3D facial imaging results showed that the deviation distance and deviation angle of the crooked nose were significantly improved (both P<0.05), and the long-term effect of the operation was stable. Subjectively, the patient's appearance VAS score and ROE score were significantly higher than those before surgery, while the NOSE score and FROI-17 score of nasal congestion symptoms were lower than those before surgery. Conclusions:Endoscope-assisted one-stage rhinoplasty and septoplasty can achieve the purpose of repairing the nose appearance and improving the nasal respiratory function at the same time. Through a combination of subjective and objective evaluations, our study found that this procedure had the advantages of minimally invasive, stable effect and shorter recover time; meanwhile, this procedure has high patients' satisfaction and is worthy of clinical promotion.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the expression level of exosomal miR-218-5p in the serum of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) and its correlation with the clinical pathological characteristics, and evaluate its diagnostic efficacy in CRC.Methods:A group of 78 patients with colorectal cancer diagnosed in Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji University from October 2016 to October 2018 were selected. Blood was collected before operation and serum was preserved. Forty cases of healthy people in the same period were selected as the control group. ExoQuick kit was used to extract serum exosomes. Transmission electron microscope, NTA and western blot were used to identify the morphology and molecular phenotype of exosomes. MiRNeasy kit was used to extract total RNA in serum exosomes. Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expression level of serum exosomal miR-218-5p in each group. CRC patients were divided into high expression and low expression groups using the median relative expression level of miR-218-5p as the cut off value, and the four-square chi-square test (χ 2 test) was used to judge the relationship between miR-218-5p and clinicopathological features. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of miR-218-5p in colorectal cancer. Results:The exosomes in serum were successfully extracted by kit method. The expression level of serum exosomal miR-218-5p in patients with colorectal cancer was significantly lower than that in normal healthy people [0.566(0.364, 0.850) vs 1.054(0.781, 1.709), P<0.001]. The low expression level was significantly better then the correlated with tumor size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and depth of invasion (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of serum exosomal miR-218-5p for the diagnosis of CRC was 0.827 (95% CI 0.754-0.900), which was significantly better than the conventional tumor marker carcinoembryonic antigen CEA (AUC =0.718, 95% CI 0.626-0.811) and carbohydrate antigen CA199 (AUC = 0.661, 95% CI 0.564-0.758). Conclusions:The down-regulation of miR-218-5p expression in serum exosomes of colorectal cancer patients is associated with a variety of adverse clinicopathological factors, which has the potential to become a diagnostic biomarker for colorectal cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909596

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Previous studies showed that over activation of NMDA receptors may be a crucial cause of long-term potentiation (LTP) and cognitive impairment induced by stress or corticosterone. However, other studies showed that the function of NMDA receptors is insufficient since the NMDA receptors co-agonist D-serine could improve stress-induced cognitive impairment. The purpose of this study is to clarify whether over activation of NMDA receptors or hypofunction of NMDA receptors is involved in hippocampal impairment of LTP by corticosterone and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS Cort was injected subcutaneously 1 h before the high-frequency stimulation (HFS) to induce LTP impairment. NMDA receptor antagonists and agonists were administrated by icv. RESULTS Hippocampal LTP and object location recognition memory were impaired in corticosterone-treated mice. Corticosterone increased the gluta?mate level in hippocampal tissues, neither NMDA receptors antagonist nor its subtype antagonists alleviated impairment of LTP, while enhancing the function of NMDA receptors by D-serine did alleviate impairment of LTP by corticosterone, suggesting that hypofunction of NMDA receptors might be one of the main reasons for impairment of LTP by corticoste?rone. Further results showed that the level of D-serine and its precursor L-serine did not change. D-serine release-related protein Na+-independent alanine-serine-cysteine transporter-1 (ASC-1) in the cell membrane was decreased and increas?ing D-serine release by the selective activator of ASC-1 antiporter activity alleviated impairment of LTP by corticoste?rone. CONCLUSION Taken together, this study demonstrates that hypofunction of NMDA receptors may be involved in impairment of LTP by corticosterone and reduced D-serine release may be an important reason for its hypofunction, which is an important complement to existing mechanisms of corticosterone-induced LTP and cognitive impairment.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Baicalin is a major flavonoid component of Scutellaria baicalensis, and has been used in the treatment of liver diseases for many years. However, the role of baicalin in estrogen-induced cholestasis (EIC) remains to be elucidated. This present study explored the protective effect of baicalin against estrogen-induced liver injury and further elucidated the mechanisms involved both in vivo and in vitro. METHODS We conducted a series of experiments using 17α-ethinylestradiol (EE) induced cholestatic rats and cultured HepG2 cells. Serum, bile, and liver samples were collected for biochemical and histological analyses. Bile acid composition in liver was analyzed by LC-MS/MS. The mechanisms underlying the hepatoprotective of baicalin were investigated by RT-PCR, Western blotting analyses and immunohistochemistry. RESULTS Baicalin showed obvious hepatoprotective effects in EIC rats by reducing serum bio?markers and increasing the bile flow rate, as well as by alleviating liver histology and restoring the abnormal composition of hepatic bile acids (BAs). In addition, baicalin protected against EE induced liver injury by up-regulation of the expres?sion of hepatic efflux transporters and down-regulation of hepatic uptake transporters. Furthermore, baicalin increased the expression of hepatic BA synthase (CYP27A1) and metabolic enzymes (Bal, Baat and Sult2a1) in EIC rats. We showed that baicalin significantly inhibited hepatic inflammatory responses in EIC rats through reducing elevated levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and NF-κB. Finally, we confirmed that baicalin maintains BA homeostasis and alleviates inflamma?tion through Sirt1/HNF-1α/FXR signaling pathway. CONCLUSION Baicalin protects against estrogen-induced cholestatic liver injury, and the underlying mechanism involved is related to activation of the Sirt1/HNF-1α/FXR signaling pathway.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908675

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect and application value of simultaneous modulated accelerated radiotherapy (SMART) in the suspicious positive lymph nodes of head and neck.Methods:From January 2017 to February 2019, 60 patients with suspected positive lymph nodes in the head and neck in the Hanzhong Central Hospital of Shaanxi Province were divided into experimental group and control group according to different treatment plans, and 30 patients in each group were included. In the experimental group, 63.36 to 66.66 Gy patients were treated with SMART, while in the control group, 54.12 to 60.06 Gy patients were treated with conventional neck prophylactic radiation. In order to evaluate the feasibility of the method, the change of the short diameter of the largest cross section of the suspicious positive lymph nodes in the two groups were observed, and the adverse reactions in the treatment of the two groups were analyzed.Results:There was no significant difference between the two groups before treatment ( P>0.05). After treatment, the size of short diameter of lymph nodes in the two groups was smaller than that before treatment. The maximum short diameter of the largest cross section of lymph nodes in the experimental group was smaller than that before treatment: (0.43 ± 0.07) cm vs. (0.72 ± 0.10) cm, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). In the control group, the maximum short diameter of the largest cross section of lymph node decreased after treatment, and the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05). After treatment, the reduction of the short diameter in the experimental group was more obvious than that in the control group. The maximum short diameter of the largest cross section between the two groups: (0.43±0.07) cm vs. (0.66±0.08)cm was statistically significant ( t = 11.523, P<0.05). Before treatment, hemoglobin (HGB) levels of the two groups were in the normal physiological range, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05); the white blood cell (WBC) levels of the two groups at different time after treatment were compared: in the first week (7.83 ± 2.53) × 10 9/L vs. (8.26 ± 3.16) × 10 9/L, in the third week (7.14 ± 3.65) × 10 9/L vs. (7.08 ± 2.53) × 10 9/L, in the fifth week (5.47 ± 2.81) × 10 9/L vs. (6.41 ± 2.57) × 10 9/L, and in the seventh week (4.36 ± 2.59) × 10 9/L vs. (4.98 ± 1.64) × 10 9/L, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05), which indicated that the WBC index levels of the two groups were gradually decreased during the treatment, and the decreased degree of the experimental group was higher than that of the control group. The levels of HGB and PLT were maintained in the normal physiological range before and after treatment, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). The main complications in the treatment of the experimental group were xerostomia and stomatitis. The adverse reactions in the control group were pain in the target area of radiotherapy. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:The application of IMRT is an effective method for the treatment of occult lymph node metastasis, and it is also a therapeutic diagnostic method, which can provide evidence for the study of the law of lymph node metastasis in the head and neck. The safety and tissue tolerance of IMRT in the treatment of suspicious positive lymph nodes in the head and neck are good, which can be used for the suspicious lymph nodes in the head and neck. The treatment of positive lymph nodes and the evaluation of patients′ prognosis provide an effective way of clinical treatment.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906474

ABSTRACT

Oral nanoparticles (NPs) has gradually become a approach to improve oral bioavailability of biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ drugs, and the transmembrane transport mechanism in the gastrointestinal tract largely depends on physicochemical characteristics of NPs. It would be beneficial to design the NPs with high transport efficiency and effectively improve the oral bioavailability of drugs by adopting a reasonable research model to analyze the transmembrane mechanism of the oral NPs and exactly reveal the relationship between the physicochemical properties and the transport mechanism of NPs. This review focused on summarizing the transmembrane approaches of oral NPs, comparing the advantages and disadvantages of the common cell models, concluding the potential interaction between the physicochemical properties and transmembrane process of NPs, and proposing the research strategy of transport mechanism based on in situ intestinal perfusion, with the purpose of discovering a suitable research model for studying the transport mechanism of different NPs, providing a basis for regulating the transport performance of the NPs to improve the oral bioavailability, and expanding the application of oral NPs in the development of new drugs.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906275

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of modified Liu Junzitang on the immune function, nutritional status and intestinal microecology in advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood. Method:The 86 advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood were randomly divided into control group and observation group according to their admission numbers, with 43 cases in each group. The control group was given Yiqi Yangxue oral liquid on the basis of basic treatment while the observation group was given modified Liu Junzitang. After 4 weeks, compare the clinical efficacy of two groups of patients, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome score, gastrointestinal function recovery, adverse reaction and quality of life, immune function, T cell subsets CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>, C<sub>3</sub> and C<sub>4</sub> levels, immunoglobulin A (IgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), immunoglobulin M (IgM), nutritional status: albumin (propagated), prealbumin (PA), serum total protein (TP) and hemoglobin (Hb) content changes, the intestinal micro ecology: <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic>, <italic>Lactobacillus</italic>, <italic>Enterococcus aureus</italic>, <italic>Escherichia coli</italic> content changes. Result:The total effective rate of the observation group was 95.35% (41/43), which was significantly higher than 79.07% (34/43) of the control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=5.108,<italic>P</italic><0.05), after treatment, the TCM syndromes such as dizziness, pale complexion, palpitation, shortness of breath and fatigue in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the bowel sound recovery, exhaust and defecation time of the observation group were significantly lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the quality of life scores in the observation group, such as the nature-to-human correspondence, form and spirit integration, specific modules, functional areas, and overall health score, were significantly higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>/CD8<sup>+</sup>, C<sub>3</sub>, C<sub>4</sub>, IgA, immune function indexes such as IgG and IgM were significantly higher than those of the control group, and the CD8<sup>+</sup> level was lower than which of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the nutritional status levels such as Alb, PA, TP and Hb in the observation group were significantly higher than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), <italic>Bifidobacterium</italic>, <italic>Lactobacillus</italic>, and <italic>E. faecalis </italic>in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and <italic>E. coli</italic> was lower than the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the adverse reaction rate of the observation group was 11.63% (5/43) and the control group was 16.28% (7/43) , and there was no statistical difference between two groups. Conclusion:Modified Liu Junzitang has a good clinical effect on advanced gastric cancer patients with syndrome of deficiency of Qi and blood. It can improve TCM syndromes and gastrointestinal function, improve quality of life, and its mechanism is related to improving immune function, enhancing nutritional status, and improving intestinal microecology, and it has good safety.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906030

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the genetic diversity and population structure of <italic>Erigeron breviscapus</italic>, so as to provide a scientific basis for its resource protection and rational utilization. Method:Twelve pairs of simple sequence repeat(SSR) primers were screened out from 243 individuals in 16 natural populations to calculate the genetic diversity parameters of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic>, which were then subjected to principal coordinate analysis and cluster analysis. Result:Twelve SSR markers generated 209 alleles, with an average of 17.417 alleles per locus. Based on 12 SSR markers and 16 populations of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic>, the observed heterozygosity (<italic>H</italic><sub>0</sub>) values were determined to be 0.603 and 0.613, the expected heterozygosity (<italic>H</italic><sub>e</sub>)to be 0.658 and 0.659, and the Shannon's information index (<italic>I</italic>) to be 1.443 and 1.446, respectively. The Wright's fixation index (<italic>F</italic><sub>st</sub>) was 0.123 and gene flow (<italic>N</italic><sub>m</sub>) was 2.077. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) and genetic differentiation revealed that genetic variation within populations was the main source of total variation. The Nei's genetic distance and genetic identity coefficients were within the ranges of 0.107 (YA and XY)-0.713 (SZ and XZD) and 0.490 (SZ and XZD)-0.899 (YA and XY), respectively. As demonstrated by the principal coordinate analysis and cluster analysis, the 16 populations of <italic>breviscapus </italic>were divided into two clusters. Conclusion:The genetic diversity of <italic>E. breviscapus</italic> was relatively high and there existed certain genetic differentiation and gene flow within and among populations. The genetic variation was mainly present within populations. All these have provided reference for subsequent study on good germplasm selection of <italic>E. breviscapus.</italic>

9.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1124-1131, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894735

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of CT-guided microcoil localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) for guiding video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2016 and October 2019, 454 consecutive patients with 501 SPNs who received CTguided microcoil localization before VATS in our institution were enrolled. The diameter of the nodules was 0.93 ± 0.49 cm, and the shortest distance from the nodules to the pleura was 1.41 ± 0.95 cm. The distal end of the microcoil was placed less than 1 cm away from the nodule, and the proximal end was placed outside the visceral pleura. VATS was performed under the guidance of implanted microcoils without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy. @*Results@#All 501 nodules were marked with microcoils. The time required for microcoil localization was 12.8 ± 5.2 minutes. Microcoil localization-related complications occurred in 179 cases (39.4%). None of the complications required treatment. A total of 463 nodules were successfully resected under the guidance of implanted microcoils. VATS revealed 38 patients with dislocated microcoils, of which 28 underwent wedge resection (21 cases under the guidance of the bleeding points of pleural puncture, 7 cases through palpation), 5 underwent direct lobectomy, and the remaining 5 underwent a conversion to thoracotomy. In 4 cases, a portion of the microcoil remained in the lung parenchyma. @*Conclusion@#CT-guided microcoil localization of SPNs is safe and reliable. Marking the nodule and pleura simultaneously with microcoils can effectively guide the resection of SPNs using VATS without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 163-166, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923230

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To quantitatively evaluate the non-carcinogenic and carcinogenic risks of low-level dichloromethane(DCM) exposure. METHODS: A typical sampling method was used to select workers from an engine factory and an automobile parts factory as the research subjects. After hazard identification and hazard characteristic assessment, the occupational health risks of DCM in the workplace were quantitatively assessed by non-carcinogenic risk assessment and carcinogenic risk assessment. RESULTS: The highest exposure concentration of short-term of DCM was 43.6 mg/m~3 in the air of eight DCM job posts in these two enterprises, which was lower than the operational level of 300.0 mg/m~3(half of the occupational exposure limit in China). Under this premise, the non-carcinogenic risk assessment results showed that the non-carcinogenic risk caused by inhalation of DCM was unacceptable in workers of these eight job posts. The results of carcinogenic risk assessment showed that the carcinogenic risk caused by inhalation of DCM was acceptable for all the workers in these eight job posts. CONCLUSION: Low-level DCM exposure can cause unacceptable occupational health risks to workers. Quantitative risk assessment can be applied to assess exposure to low-level chemicals.

11.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 523-528, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923081

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of intervention adherence on the use of respiratory protective equipment(RPE) among migrant workers who occupationally exposed to organic solvents. METHODS: A total of 901 migrant workers from 60 small and medium-sized enterprises exposed to organic solvents in a district of Guangzhou City were selected as study subjects using three-arm cluster randomized controlled trial. The enterprises were divided into control group, intervention group, and combined intervention group. Migrant workers in the control group did not receive any intervention, while migrant workers in the intervention group received traditional health education and mobile health(mHealth) intervention, and migrant workers in the combined intervention group received interventions of the intervention group plus peer education. The use of RPE by the migrant workers was evaluated in these three groups in the last week, and at the sixth month. RESULTS: The adherence rates of the three mHealth intervention measures(following the WeChat official account of the project, joining the WeChat/QQ group of the project, and reading the provided messages from project team) in the combined intervention group were higher than that in the intervention group(74.8% vs 53.6%, 70.7% vs 41.8%, 78.5% vs 65.0%, all P<0.01). In the two intervention groups, the adherence rates of traditional health education(attending occupational health training, and browsing public welfare posters) were higher than that of mHealth intervention and/or peer education(all P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that regardless of mHealth intervention, traditional health education or peer education, the high compliance subgroups of the two intervention groups were more likely to wear RPE all the time(all P<0.05) compared with the control group. The intervention effectiveness of the combined intervention group was better than that of the intervention group. CONCLUSION: Improving compliance with occupational health education interventions can promote the use of RPE among migrant workers. The implementation of peer education is beneficial to improve intervention compliance and intervention effect of migrant workers.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922770

ABSTRACT

Nine new compounds, including five natural rarely-occurring 2, 3-dihydro-1H-indene derivatives named diaporindenes E-I (1-5), and four new benzophenone analogues named tenellones J-M (6-9) were isolated from the deep-sea sediment-derived fungus Phomopsis lithocarpus FS508. All the structures for these new compounds were fully characterized on the basis of spectroscopic data, NMR spectra, and ECD calculation and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The potential anti-tumor activities of compounds 1-9 against four tumor cell lines SF-268, MCF-7, HepG-2, and A549 were evaluated using the SRB method. Compound 7 exhibited cytotoxic activity against the SF-268 cell line with an IC


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Crystallography, X-Ray , Fungi , Molecular Structure , Phomopsis
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921680

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to explore active components and mechanism of Scutellariae Radix(SR)-Phellodendri Chinensis Cortex(PCC) drug pair in treatment of psoriasis by network pharmacology and molecular docking. Specifically, the chemical components of SR and PCC were retrieved from literature and TCMSP, as well as targets of these components from PharmMapper and UniProt, and the targets related to psoriasis from OMIM, TTD, PharmGkb, and DrugBank. Then the chemical component-medicinal target, protein-protein interaction(PPI), and chemical component-psoriasis target networks were constructed by Cytoscape. Gene ontology(GO) term enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were performed based on Metascape. Finally, molecular docking of the chemical components(high degree) with core therapeutic targets was carried out by AutoDock vina. The results showed 88 compounds of SR and PCC(including baicalin, wogonoside, berberine and phellodendrine) and 30 targets of the pair in the treatment of psoriasis. The 30 targets mainly involved the biological processes such as neutrophil mediated immunity(GO: 0002446) and T cell activation(GO: 0042110), and the signaling pathways such as metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450(hsa00980), apoptosis(hsa04210), and PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway(hsa04151). The results of molecular docking demonstrated that the main active components can spontaneously bind to the targets and the binding energy of 46 components with epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) was less than-8 kcal·mol~(-1). According to the PPI analysis, EGFR may be a key target for the treatment of psoriasis. Active components such as baicalin and berberine had high binding affinity with EGFR. This study preliminarily revealed the multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway mechanism of SR-PCC drug pair in the treatment of psoriasis, which provided theoretical basis for the research on the mechanism of the drug pair in the treatment of psoriasis.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Molecular Docking Simulation , Psoriasis/genetics , Scutellaria baicalensis , Signal Transduction
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1124-1131, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902439

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility, safety, and effectiveness of CT-guided microcoil localization of solitary pulmonary nodules (SPNs) for guiding video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). @*Materials and Methods@#Between June 2016 and October 2019, 454 consecutive patients with 501 SPNs who received CTguided microcoil localization before VATS in our institution were enrolled. The diameter of the nodules was 0.93 ± 0.49 cm, and the shortest distance from the nodules to the pleura was 1.41 ± 0.95 cm. The distal end of the microcoil was placed less than 1 cm away from the nodule, and the proximal end was placed outside the visceral pleura. VATS was performed under the guidance of implanted microcoils without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy. @*Results@#All 501 nodules were marked with microcoils. The time required for microcoil localization was 12.8 ± 5.2 minutes. Microcoil localization-related complications occurred in 179 cases (39.4%). None of the complications required treatment. A total of 463 nodules were successfully resected under the guidance of implanted microcoils. VATS revealed 38 patients with dislocated microcoils, of which 28 underwent wedge resection (21 cases under the guidance of the bleeding points of pleural puncture, 7 cases through palpation), 5 underwent direct lobectomy, and the remaining 5 underwent a conversion to thoracotomy. In 4 cases, a portion of the microcoil remained in the lung parenchyma. @*Conclusion@#CT-guided microcoil localization of SPNs is safe and reliable. Marking the nodule and pleura simultaneously with microcoils can effectively guide the resection of SPNs using VATS without the aid of intraoperative fluoroscopy.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881067

ABSTRACT

Salidroside (SAL) is a phenolic substance with high solubility and low permeability, which make it easy to cause the efflux effect of P-glycoprotein and degradation of intestinal flora, resulting in lower bioavailability. The aim of this study was to develop and optimize a water-in-oil nanoemulsion of SAL (w/o SAL-N) to explore its suitability in oral drug delivery systems. In this work, SAL-N was successfully prepared by water titration method at K

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878698

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the differences of energy spectrum CT between small cell lung cancer(SCLC)with mediastinal lymph node metastasis and mediastinal sarcoidosis.Methods Twenty-five SCLC patients with mediastinal lymph node metastasis(SCLC group)and 26 patients with mediastinal sarcoidosis(sarcoidosis group)confirmed by bronchoscopy and biopsy in Tangshan People's Hospital from January 2018 to June 2019 were selected as the research objects.The CT value,iodine concentration,water concentration and energy spectrum curve slope under different single energy levels were compared between SCLC group and sarcoidosis group.Results The single-energy CT values of 40-80 keV segments in the arterial phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those in the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The single-energy CT values of 40-90 keV segments in venous phase of the SCLC group were significantly higher than those of the sarcoidosis group(all P 0.05).The concentrations of iodine in the arterial phase and venous phase of the SCLC group were(11.56±4.06)μg/cm


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Sarcoidosis/diagnostic imaging , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888051

ABSTRACT

Screening suitable reference genes is the premise of quantitative Real-time PCR(qRT-PCR)for gene expression analysis. To provide stable reference genes for expression analysis of genes in Aconitum vilmorinianum, this study selected 19 candidate re-ference genes(ACT1, ACT2, ACT3, aTUB1, aTUB2, bTUB, 18S rRNA, UBQ, eIF2, eIF3, eIF4, eIF5, CYP, GAPDH1, GAPDH2, PP2A1, PP2A2, ACP, and EF1α) based on the transcriptome data of A. vilmorinianum. qRT-PCR was conducted to profile the expression of these genes in the root, stem, leaf, and flower of A. vilmorinianum. The Ct values showed that 18S rRNA with high expression level and GAPDH2 with large expression difference among organs were not suitable as the reference genes. NormFinder and geNorm showed similar results of the expression stability of the other candidate reference genes and demonstrated PP2A1, EF1α, and CYP as the highly stable ones. However, BestKeeper suggested EF1α, ACT3, and PP2A1 as the top stable genes. In view of the different results from different softwares, the geometric mean method was employed to analyze the expression stability of the candidate re-ference genes, the results of which indicated that PP2A1, EF1α, and ACT3 were the most stable. Based on the comprehensive analysis results of geNorm, NormFinder, BestKeeper, and geometric mean method, PP2A1 and EF1α presented the most stable expression in different organs of A. vilmorinianum. PP2A1 and EF1α were the superior reference genes for gene expression profiling in different organs of A. vilmorinianum.


Subject(s)
Aconitum , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Plant/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reference Standards , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1893-1901, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887004

ABSTRACT

The threat of fungal diseases is increasingly rigorous. The clinically invasive fungal infections remain a main cause of morbidity and mortality in certain high-risk groups, especially in critical patients or immunocompromised patients. In drug therapy, the problems of off-target toxicity and antifungal drug resistance are still challenging. With the wide application of biomaterials and nanotechnology, more nanomedicine studies have been carried out on antifungal drugs, such as the amphotericin B liposome which greatly reduced the renal toxicity of drugs has been successfully marketed. For the unique physical and chemical properties, the nano-drug delivery system possessed great potential in improving the bioavailability, reducing the side effects of drugs, increasing the stability of drugs, and achieving cells or tissue-specificity through the modification. This review summarized the applications and limitations of antifungal drugs. Some nanomedicines were summarized in discussion oriented around the antifungal therapy, including liposomes, niosomes, lipid nanoparticles, polymer nanoparticles, microemulsion, dendrimers, inorganic nanocarriers. Nanotechnology and nano-drug delivery system provide promising strategies for the research and development of new formulations that can improve antifungal activity and possibly overcome antifungal drug resistance.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885791

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the feasibility and clinical experience of various types of aortic surgery through upper hemisternotomy.Methods:From June 2016 to October 2019, 63 patients underwent various types of aortic operations through upper hemisternotomy in our department. Among them, there were 51 males and 12 females with an average age of(49.7±12.7) years. All kinds of major vascular operations include: 33 cases of aortic dissection procedure; 9 cases of Bentall procedure; 7 cases of wheat procedure; 2 cases of Ross procedure; 2 cases of David procedure; 2 cases of simple ascending aorta replacement procedure; 3 cases of redo thoracic Bentall procedure; 2 cases of redo thoracic wheat operation; 1 case of redo thoracic aortic root leakage repair procedure; 2 cases of redo thoracic ascending aorta procedure, innominate artery, left common carotid artery replacement and removal of intravalvular vegetation procedure; 1 case of Bentall plus pulmonary valve and pulmonary artery replacement procedure. Among them, aortic dissection included 11 cases of ascending and total arch replacement plus descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 2 cases of AVR plus ascending and total arch replacement procedure; 5 cases of ascending and semi-arch replacement procedure; 4 cases of David plus ascending and total arch replacement plus descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 1 case of redo thoracotomy David plus ascending and total arch replacement with descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 1 case of David plus ascending and total arch replacement procedure; 6 case of AVP/AVR/Bentall plus ascending and total arch replacement and descending aortic stent implantation procedure; 2 cases of redo total arch replacement and descending aortic stent implantation procedure and aortic root vascular graft wrapping plus ascending aorta and 1 case of total arch replacement with descending aortic stent implantation procedure.Results:All 63 cases of operation were successfully completed without transforming to middle sternotomy; 1 case with acute renal failure was treated by dialysis, and then complicated with septic shock and intracranial hemorrhage, and died of ineffective rescue; 2 cases were treated by thoracotomy exploration and hemostasis; 9 cases with pericardial effusion needed pericardiocentesis; 2 cases with lower extremity muscle weakness after operation: one treated by drainage of spinal fluid and the muscle strength of the lower extremities was restored, another one complicated with infection, acute renal failure and hypoxemia was treated by anti-infection, continuous CRRT, gamma globulin infusion and rehabilitation exercise, the muscle strength of the lower extremities was eventually restored. Except for one death in hospital, all the other patients were cured and discharged.Conclusion:Well exposure of aortic root, ascending aorta and descending part of arch can be obtained through upper hemisternotomy and various types of aortic proceduer can be done with satisfactory results through this approach.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 638-643, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of using Double FLASH coronary CTA (CCTA) to evaluate myocardial blood perfusion based on the original Patlak Plots.Methods:A total of 50 subjects with non-ischemic heart disease were prospectively included in the study who received dynamic myocardial CT perfusion (CTP) and Double FLASH CTA scans in General Hospital of Tianjin Medical University from January 2018 to January 2020 due to coronary heart disease or suspected coronary heart disease. The age of the enrolled patients was at least 18 years old and there was no moderate or above stenosis on CTA. The dynamic CTP images were analyzed by using CTP analysis software on FRONTIER platform to calculate the CTP derived MBF (MBF CTP). While the CTA derived MBF (MBF CTA) was calculated from the CT attenuation values of both aorta and myocardium segments on two scanning time set of Double FLASH CTA which were measured by two independent radiologists. Pearson correlation and Bland-Altman analysis were used to compare the results of MBF CTP and MBF CTA. Results:There was a strong linear correlation between MBF CTP and MBF CTA measurements. In the mid anteroseptal level: MBF CTA=0.936MBF CTP-11.999, r2=0.600, P<0.01. In the mid anterolateral level: MBF CTA=1.010MBF CTP-9.206, r2=0.448, P<0.01. In the apex: MBF CTA=0.822MBF CTP+16.904, r2=0.375, P<0.01. Bland-Altman analysis also showed there were no significant differences between MBF CTP and MBF CTA measurements. Compared with dynamic CTP scan, Double FLASH CTA mode significantly reduced the radiation dose [(4.33±1.89) mSv vs. (1.38±0.19) mSv, t=4.378, P=0.030]. Conclusions:This study validated the feasibility and accuracy of the MBF CTA measurement based on the theory of Patlak Plots only using Double FLASH CTA images. This method might have the potential to expand the clinical application of one-stop CTP examination for simultaneously evaluating coronary artery and myocardial ischemia in the clinic.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL