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1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 832-837, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (QHP) and low-intensity chemotherapy (LIC) in treatment of elderly acute myeloid leukemia (eAML) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 80 eAML patients treated at Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment scheme was designed by real world study according to patients' preference, and patients were divided into a QHP group (35 cases) and a LIC group (45 cases). The median overall survival (mOS), 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates, and incidence of adverse events were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The mOS of 80 patients was 11 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 45.51%, 17.96%, and 11.05%, respectively. The QHP and LIC groups demonstrated no significant difference in mOS (12 months vs. 10 months), 1- (48.57% vs. 39.65%), 2- (11.43% vs. 20.04%), and 3-year OS rates (5.71% vs. 13.27%, all P>0.05). Moreover, the related factors of mOS demonstrated no significant difference in patients with age>75 years (11 months vs. 8 months), secondary AML (11 months vs. 8 months), poor genetic prognosis (9 months vs. 7 months), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score ⩾ 3 (10 months vs. 7 months) and hematopoietic stem cell transplant comorbidity index ⩾ 4 (11 months vs. 7 months) between the QHP and LIC groups (all P>0.05). However, the incidence of myelosuppression was significantly lower in the QHP group than that in the LIC group (28.57% vs. 73.33%, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#QHP and LIC had similar survival rates in eAML patients, but QHP had a lower myelosuppression incidence. Hence, QHP can be an alternative for eAML patients who do not tolerate LIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arsenic/therapeutic use , Powders/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1116-1123, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970583

ABSTRACT

To provide proof of the evidence-based medicine and decision-making information for the clinical decision of functional gastrointestinal disorders(FGIDs), this study evaluated and compared the efficacy, safety, and economy of four oral Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) in the treatment of FGIDs using the method of rapid health technology assessment. The literature was systematically retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, EMbase, PubMed, Cochrane Library and ClinicalTrials.gov from the establishment of the databases to May 1, 2022. Two evaluators screened out the literature, extracted data, evaluated the quality of the literature, and descriptively analyzed the results according to the prepared standard. Eventually, 16 studies were included, all of which was rando-mized controlled trial(RCT). The results showed that Renshen Jianpi Tablets, Renshen Jianpi Pills, Shenling Baizhu Granules, and Buzhong Yiqi Granules all had certain effects on the treatment of FGIDs. Renshen Jianpi Tablets treated FGIDs and persistent diarrhea. Shenling Baizhu Granules treated diarrhea with irritable bowel syndrome and FGIDs. Buzhong Yiqi Granules treated diarrhea with irritable bowel syndrome, FGIDs, and chronic diarrhea in children. Renshen Jianpi Pills treated chronic diarrhea. The four oral CPMs all have certain effects on the treatment of FGIDs and have specific advantages for specific patients. Compared with other CPMs, Renshen Jianpi Tablets have higher clinical universality. However, there are problems such as insufficient clinical research evidence, generally low quality of evidence, lack of comparative analysis among medicines, and lack of academic evaluation. More high-quality clinical research and the economic research should be carried out in the future, so as to provide more evidence for the evaluation of the four CPMs.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Diarrhea
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 144-149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (TLPPG) with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 38 EGC patients who were admitted to the Subei Hospital Affiliated to Yangzhou University from July 2018 to May 2021 were collected. There were 18 males and 20 females, aged 60 (range, 39?73) years. All patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein.Observation indicators: (1) surgical and postoperative condi-tions; (2) postoperative histopathological examination. (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, WeChat interview and medical record review to detect the nutritional status, residual stomach function, cholecystolithiasis, tumor recurrence and metastasis and death of patients. Follow-up was up to July 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative conditions. All 38 patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein successfully, without laparotomy conversion. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 38 patients were (180±28)minutes, (58±38)mL, (2.7±0.6)days, (3.4±0.7)days and (10.3±2.8)days, respectively. Of the 38 patients, there were 6 cases with postoperative complications ≥grade Ⅱ of Clavien-Dindo classification. (2) Postoperative histopatho-logical examination. The tumor diameter, distance from proximal resection margin to tumor and distance from distal resection margin to tumor of the 38 patients were (1.8±0.5)cm, (3.4±0.2)cm and (4.3±0.4)cm, respectively. Both of proximal and distal resection margin was negative. Numbers of lymph node examined and numbers of lymph node examined in the No.6 lymph node of the 38 patients were 23.3±3.9 and 3.4±1.1, respectively. There were 38 cases with pathological T1 stage including 23 cases of T1a stage and 15 cases of T1b stage. There were 36 cases with pathological N0 stage and 2 cases with pathological N1 stage. There were 36 cases with pathological ⅠA stage and 2 cases with pathological ⅠB stage of TNM staging. (3) Follow-up. All 38 patients were followed up for 18(range, 12?48)months. The hemoglobin, serum albumin and total serum protein of the 38 patients were (125.4±5.8)g/L, (42.4±2.3)g/L and (71.6±2.1)g/L, respectively, at postoperative 6 month. Endo-scopy was used to evaluate the function of residual stomach of patients at postoperative 12 month. There were 4 patients with moderate amount of food remaining in the residual stomach. No patient suffered reflux esophagitis, reflux gastritis and bile reflux. None of the 38 patients received post-operative chemotherapy, and there was no tumor recurrence and metastasis or death occured in patient.Conclusion:TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein is safe and feasible for the treatment of EGC patients with tumor located at 1/3 of the middle segment of stomach.

4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 174-180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical efficacy of posterior percutaneous endoscopic discectomy(PPECD) in the treatment of cervical spondylotic radiculopathy.@*METHODS@#A total of 56 patiens with single segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy from December 2017 to October 2020, were randomly divided into observation group and control group. In observation group, there were 16 males and 11 females, including 8 cases of C4,5, 13 cases of C5,6 and 6 cases of C6,7 performed posterior percutaneous endoscopic discectomy, aged from 34 to 61 years old with an average of (51.15±6.29) years old. In control group, there were 19 males and 10 females with single segment cervical spondylotic radiculopathy including 10 cases of C4,5, 14 cases of C5,6 and 5 cases of C6,7 performed anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, aged from 40 to 65 years old with an average of (53.24±5.31) years old. The operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay were recorded. Visual analogue scale(VAS) and neck disability index(NDI) were used to evaluate the clinical efficacy. Cervical plain films or MRIs, CTs were taken for re-visiting patients.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up more than 2 years. The observation group patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 24 to 42 months with an average of (30.48±4.91) months. The control group patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 25 to 47 months, with an average of (32.76±4.53) months. Compared with control group, operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay were decreased(P<0.05). Compared with pre-operation, VAS of neck and upper limb and NDI at the latest follow-up between two groups were significantly improved(P<0.05). Compared with control group, VAS of neck and upper limb at 1 day after operation in observation group were significantly reduced(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS of neck and upper limb and NID at 1, 3 months and the latest follow-up after operation between two groups(P>0.05). In the observation group, one patient's deltoid muscle strength was weakened to grade 4 after operation, and returned to normal after 12 weeks of conservative treatment. In control group, there was 1 case of postoperative adjacent spondylosis with symptoms of spinal compression after 2 years operation, then underwent cervical artificial intervertebral disc replacement. And there was 1 case of dysphagia after operation in control group and improved after 1 year. There was no significant difference in incidence of complications between two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#PPECD has advantages of shortening operative time, decreasing intraoperative blood loss, reducing postoperative time of lying in bed and length of postoperative hospital stay. However, applicable age range of patients and long-term clinical efficacy needs further study.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Radiculopathy/surgery , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Diskectomy , Spondylosis/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1951-1961, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981415

ABSTRACT

This study systematically evaluated the clinical efficacy and safety of Fengliao Changweikang prescription for treating acute gastroenteritis(AGE). The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, Medline, Cochrane Library and two clinical trial registration platforms were retrieved from inception to August 30, 2022, to collect randomized controlled trial(RCT) on Fengliao Changweikang prescription treating AGE. Two researchers independently conducted literature screening, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment according to pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. RevMan 5.4.1 was used for data analysis. Finally, 18 RCTs were included, involving 3 489 patients. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine, Fengliao Changweikang prescription improved the relief rate of abdominal pain(RR=1.27, 95%CI[1.17, 1.38],P<0.000 01); Fengliao Changweikang prescription + conventional western medicine increased the cure rate(RR=1.43, 95%CI[1.12, 1.82], P=0.004), shortened the duration of diarrhoea(RR=-1.65, 95%CI[-2.44,-0.86], P<0.000 1), abdominal pain(RR=-1.46, 95%CI[-2.00,-0.92], P<0.000 01), vomiting(RR=-2.16, 95%CI[-2.51,-1.81], P<0.000 01) and fever(RR=-2.61, 95%CI[-4.00,-1.23], P=0.000 2), down-regulated the level of interleukin-8(IL-8)(RR=-1.07, 95%CI[-1.26,-0.88], P<0.000 01), IL-6(RR=-8.24, 95%CI[-8.99,-7.49], P<0.000 01) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hs-CRP)(RR=-3.04, 95%CI[-3.40,-2.69], P<0.000 01) and recurrence of AGE(RR=0.20, 95%CI[0.05, 0.90], P<0.04). In conclusion, Fengliao Changweikang prescription was safe in clinical application. It was beneficial to alleviate the clinical symptoms of diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and fever, and down-regulate the levels of some serum inflammatory factors in AGE patients. However, considering that few high-quality studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of Fengliao Changweikang prescription in treatment of AGE, further evidence is needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Gastroenteritis/drug therapy , Prescriptions
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2249-2259, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981356

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of stomach ache disorder. Randomized controlled trial(RCT) of Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom was retrieved from Chinese and English electronic databases and trial registration platforms from database inception to June 10, 2022. Two investigators conducted literature screening and data extraction according to the screening criteria. The Cochrane risk-of-bias tool(v 2.0) was used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. Analyses were performed using RevMan 5.4 and R 4.2.2, with summary estimates measured using fixed or random effects models. The primary outcome indicators were the visual analogue scale(VAS) scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores. The secondary outcome indicators were clinical recovery rate, Helicobacter pylori(Hp) eradication rate, and adverse reaction/events. Twenty-seven RCTs were included with a sample size of 2 902 cases. Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional western medicine treatments or placebo, Biling Weitong Granules could improve VAS scores(SMD=-1.90, 95%CI[-2.18,-1.61], P<0.000 01), stomach ache disorder symptom scores(SMD=-1.26, 95%CI[-1.71,-0.82], P<0.000 01), the clinical recovery rate(RR=1.85, 95%CI[1.66, 2.08], P<0.000 01), and Hp eradication rate(RR=1.28, 95%CI[1.20, 1.37], P<0.000 01). Safety evaluation revealed that the main adverse events in the Biling Weitong Granules included nausea and vomiting, rash, diarrhea, loss of appetite, and bitter mouth, and no serious adverse events were reported. Egger's test showed no statistical significance, indicating no publication bias. The results showed that Biling Weitong Granules in the treatment of digestive system diseases with stomach ache disorder as the primary symptom could improve the VAS scores and stomach ache disorder symptom scores of patients, relieve stomach ache disorder, and improve the clinical recovery rate and Hp eradication rate, with good safety and no serious adverse reactions. However, the quality of the original studies was low with certain limitations. Future studies should use unified and standardized detection methods and evaluation criteria of outcome indicators, pay attention to the rigor of study design and implementation, and highlight the clinical safety of the medicine to provide more reliable clinical evidence support for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dyspepsia , Abdominal Pain , Stomach Diseases
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 374-378, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980731

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the impacts of acupuncture on depressive mood and sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia, and explore its effect mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 60 patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia were randomly divided into an observation group (30 cases, 1 case dropped off) and a control group (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off). In the observation group, acupuncture and low frequency repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) were combined for the intervention. Acupuncture was applied to Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 24+), Neiguan (PC 6) and Yanglingquan (GB 34), etc., the needles were retained for 30 min; and the intradermal needles were embedded at Xinshu (BL 15) and Danshu (BL 19) for 2 days. After acupuncture, the rTMS was delivered at the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (R-DLPFC), with 1 Hz and 80% of movement threshold, lasting 30 min in each treatment. In the control group, the sham-acupuncture was adopted, combined with low frequency rTMS. The acupoint selection and manipulation were the same as the observation group. In the two groups, acupuncture was given once every two days, 3 times weekly; while, rTMS was operated once daily, for consecutive 5 days a week. The duration of treatment consisted of 4 weeks. Hamilton depression scale-17 (HAMD-17) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) scores were observed before and after treatment, as well as 1 month after the treatment completion (follow-up period) separately. Besides, the levels of nerve growth factor (BDNF) and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the serum were detected before and after treatment in the two groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the HAMD-17 scores were lower than those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and the scores in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the total scores and the scores of each factor of PSQI were reduced in the two groups in comparison with those before treatment except for the score of sleep efficiency in the control group (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores for sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were all lower than those in the control group (P<0.05). In the follow-up, except for the scores of sleep duration and sleep efficiency in the control group, the total PSQI score and the scores of all the other factors were reduced compared with those before treatment in the two groups (P<0.05); the total PSQI score and the scores of sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, sleep efficiency and daytime dysfunction in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum BDNF and GABA were increased in comparison with those before treatment in the observation group (P<0.05), and the level of serum BDNF was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture relieves depressive mood and improves sleep quality in patients with comorbid mild-to-moderate depressive disorder and insomnia. The effect mechanism may be related to the regulation of BDNF and GABA levels and the promotion of brain neurological function recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders/therapy , Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Therapy , Acupuncture Points , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Depressive Disorder
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 91-98, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009801

ABSTRACT

Variations in the dynein axonemal heavy chain gene, dynein axonemal heavy chain 6 (DNAH6), lead to multiple morphological abnormalities of the flagella. Recent studies have reported that these deficiencies may result in sperm head deformation. However, whether DNAH6 is also involved in human acrosome biogenesis remains unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate DNAH6 gene variants and their potential functions in the formation of defective sperm heads and flagella. Whole-exome sequencing was performed on a cohort of 375 patients with asthenoteratozoospermia from the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University (Hefei, China). Hematoxylin and eosin staining, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy were performed to analyze the sperm morphology and ultrastructure. Immunofluorescence staining and Western blot analysis were conducted to examine the effects of genetic variants. We identified three novel deleterious variants in DNAH6 among three unrelated families. The absence of inner dynein arms and radial spokes was observed in the sperm of patients with DNAH6 variants. Additionally, deficiencies in the acrosome, abnormal chromatin compaction, and vacuole-containing sperm heads were observed in these patients with DNAH6 variants. The decreased levels of the component proteins in these defective structures were further confirmed in sperm from patients with DNAH6 variants using Western blot. After intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment, the partner of one patient with a DNAH6 variant achieved successful pregnancy. Overall, novel variants in DNAH6 genes that contribute to defects in the sperm head and flagella were identified, and the findings indicated ICSI as an effective clinical treatment for such patients.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 1-7, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940545

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of Xiangsha Liu Junzitang (XSLJZ) on gastric emptying rate and expression levels of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) and urocortin 2 (UCN2) in rats with functional dyspepsia (FD) due to spleen deficiency. MethodForty-eight 10-day-old male SD rats were randomly divided into the normal group (n=8) and iodoacetamide (IA) group (n=40), and they separately received 2% sucrose solution and 0.1% sucrose solution containing IA for six successive days. Following the removal of mother rats, the three-week-old IA-treated rats were randomized into five groups, namely the model group, mosapride group, and low-, middle-, and high-dose XSLJZ groups, with eight rats in each group. At the age of six weeks, rats in all groups expert for the normal group were modeled by the modified multiple platform method for 14 d. Afterwards, the ones in normal group and model group were treated with 10 mL·kg-1 distilled water, and those in the treatment groups with 1.6×10-3 g·kg-1 mosapride and 2.8, 5.6, and 11.2 g·kg-1 XSLJZ by gavage, respectively, for 14 d. The grasping ability and gastric emptying rate were determined. The histological changes in gastric antrum were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The protein and mRNA expression levels of CRF and UCN2 in gastric antrum were detected by Western blot and real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultNo obvious change or organic lesion was observed in gastric antrum of rats in each group. Compared with the normal group, the model group exhibited lowered gastric emptying rate and grasping ability (P<0.01), up-regulated CRF protein and mRNA expression in gastric antrum (P<0.01), and down-regulated UCN2 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, XSLJZ at the middle and high doses enhanced the grasping ability and gastric emptying rate (P<0.05, P<0.01) and down-regulated CRF mRNA expression to varying degrees (P<0.05, P<0.01). XSLJZ at the high dose decreased CRF protein expression (P<0.05) and up-regulated UCN2 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.01). ConclusionThe mechanism of XSLJZ in invigorating spleen and promoting gastric motility of FD rats may be related to its reduction of CRF and elevation of UCN2 in gastric antrum.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 730-734, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957832

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of permanent sigmoid colostomy created through the extraperitoneal route combined with pelvic floor peritoneal reconstruction after laparoscopic Miles surgery for lower rectal cancer.Methods:A total of 88 patients undergoing laparoscopic Miles surgery at Gastrointestinal Center of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital from Apr 2016 to Apr 2020 were divided into extraperitoneal ostomy group(40 cases) and transperitoneal ostomy group (48 cases).Results:There were no significant differences in operating time, stoma-forming time, intraoperative blood loss, first exhausting time, first defecation time and hospital stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). There were 17 cases of complications in observation group vs. 16 cases in control group ( χ2=0.782, P=0.376). After 12 months, the complications in observation group were significantly less than control group ( χ2=8.601, P=0.003). There was no parastoma hernia in observation group vs.7 in control group ( χ2=4.502, P=0.034). The satisfaction rate of ostomy control defecation in observation group (70%) was significantly higher than that in control group (38%) after 12 months ( P=0.001). Conclusion:A permanent sigmoid colostomy created through the extraperitoneal route combined with pelvic floor peritoneal reconstruction during laparoscopic Miles surgery is safe and feasible, with fewer complications and better defecation function than that of the stoma through transperitoneal approach.

11.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 458-472, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939911

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease. It is known that aucubin (AU) exerts anti-inflammatory activity, but its effects and mechanisms in RA are unclear. This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects and mechanisms of AU in vivo and in vitro. Human fibroblast-like synoviocyte cells from patients with RA (HFLS-RA), RAW264.7 cells, and MC3T3-E1 cells were used to evaluate the effects of AU on migration, invasion, apoptosis, osteoclast differentiation and production. Immunofluorescence was used to observe nuclear translocation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB, the double luciferase reporter gene method was used to observe NF-κB-p65 activity in AU-treated MC3T3-E1 cells. RT-qPCR was used to measure expression of bone metabolism and inflammation-related genes, and western blot was used to measure bone metabolism and NF-κB protein expression levels. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) rat model was used for pharmacodynamics study. Arthritis indexes were measured in the ankle and knee, histological staining and Micro-computed tomography were performed on the ankle joints. Also, inflammatory factor gene expression and the levels of NF-κB-related proteins were detected as in vitro. AU effectively inhibited HFLS-RA cell migration and invasion, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited RAW264.7 cell differentiation into osteoclasts, as well as inhibited NF-κB-p65 activity in MC3T3-E1 cells. Notably, AU significantly reduced the gene expression levels of three cell-related inflammatory factors and bone metabolism factors, effectively inhibited the expression of p-Iκκα β, p-IκBα, and p-p65 proteins. In vivo, AU relieved joint inflammation, reduced related inflammatory factors, and inhibited NF-κB signaling. It could be used to treat RA-related synovial inflammation and bone destruction through the NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Arthritis, Experimental , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cells, Cultured , Inflammation/pathology , Iridoid Glucosides , NF-kappa B/metabolism , X-Ray Microtomography
12.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 554-559, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928967

ABSTRACT

Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are common disorders that are characterized by persistent and recurring gastrointestinal symptoms. Many patients with FGIDs have overlapping symptoms, which impaired the quality of life and ability to work of patients, and left a considerable impact on health-care systems and society. Chinese medicines (CMs) are commonly utilized by many patients with FGIDs. This article discusses the current status of diagnosis and treatment of FGIDs, the advantages and characteristics of CM treatment, and how integrated medicine can make a breakthrough in FGIDs diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomedical Research , China , Gastrointestinal Diseases/therapy , Integrative Medicine , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Prevalence , Quality of Life
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 207-212, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928530

ABSTRACT

This study explored the usefulness of two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) in the early assessment of corpora cavernosa fibrosis (CCF). New Zealand male rabbits were randomly assigned to an experimental group or a control group. Recombinant human transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1) was injected into the dorsal penis tissue of rabbits in the experimental group. Conventional ultrasound and 2D-SWE examinations were performed before and 20 days after injection. Penile histological analysis was performed by hematoxylin-eosin staining, sirius red staining, and immunohistochemistry. Measurement of 2D-SWE examination results was performed using shear wave elastography quantitative measurement (SWQ). Histological analysis outcomes were the proportion of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), collagen fibers (CFs), collagen type I (Col I), and collagen type III (Col III), as well as the SMCs/CFs ratio, measured by sirius red staining. Other histological analysis outcomes were the positive area proportion (PAP) of TGF-β1 (PAPT), fibronectin (PAPF), and Col III (PAPC), measured by immunohistochemistry. After recombinant human TGF-β1 injection, SWQ was higher in the experimental group than that in the control group (P < 0.001); however, there were no differences in conventional ultrasound results. There were significant differences in histological outcomes between the two groups (all P < 0.05). These results indicated that 2D-SWE was superior for identifying early histological changes in CCF.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Elasticity Imaging Techniques/methods , Fibrosis , Penis/pathology , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 245-250, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906167

ABSTRACT

At present, the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer in China are 10.26% and 12.45%, ranking the second and third places, respectively, in the incidence and mortality of malignant tumors in China. Cancer often goes through three stages: precancerous lesions, carcinoma in situ, and invasive carcinoma. It is of great significance to advance cancer prevention and control to the stage of precancerous lesions. The popularization of digestive endoscopy-assisted diagnosis and treatment has enabled the timely diagnosis and treatment of early gastric cancer and severe dysplasia. However, the endoscopic mucosal resection is not suitable for most precancerous lesions of gastric cancer (PLGC), and the effective drugs are not available. The long-term clinical dynamic monitoring has imposed considerable physical and mental burdens on patients. Gastrointestinal microenvironment is a dynamic balance system composed of gastrointestinal flora, chemical barrier, mechanical barrier, immune barrier, and gastrointestinal nerves. The imbalance of gastric microenvironment has been proved to be the key mechanism of PLGC. According to traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), PLGC is a result of long-term interaction between deficient healthy Qi and excessive pathogens. In syndrome differentiation and treatment, PLGC is often believed to be developed from chronic gastritis. Besides, the inflammation-cancer transformation model put forward by Correa and the evolution of its TCM pathogenesis are also considered. Guided by the basic treatment principle of reinforcing healthy Qi to eliminate pathogenic factors, we determined the basic therapeutic methods as follows: invigorating spleen, clearing heat, and resolving dampness. At the same time, such methods as soothing liver and regulating Qi, resolving phlegm and dissipating mass, activating blood and resolving stasis, clearing heat and removing toxin, and tonifying deficiency can be combined based on the results of syndrome differentiation. After discussing the correlation between the imbalance of gastric microenvironment and PLGC and summarizing TCM intervention methods and mechanisms against PLGC from the perspective of gastric microenvironment regulation, this paper believed that TCM improved the gastric microenvironment by regulating the disorder of gastric flora, eliminating the gastric mucosal inflammation, and relieving the abnormal immune response, thereby preventing and controlling the PLGC.

15.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 186-192, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906005

ABSTRACT

Gegen Qinliantang, a classic traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) compound, has been verified in modern research to possess various pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammation,anti-oxidative stress,protecting intestinal mucosal barrier, and regulating intestinal flora and immune response. Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic idiopathic inflammatory disease involving the colorectal mucosa, which mainly results from genetic susceptibility, intestinal mucosal barrier damage, abnormal immune response, intestinal flora disturbance, and bile acid metabolism disorders. By reviewing the literature published in recent years, this paper sorted out the relevant pathways and mechanisms involved in the treatment of UC by Gegen Qinliantang to provide ideas for further clinical and basic research. This literature review uncovered that Gegen Qinliantang exerted the therapeutic effects against UC mainly via interleukin-6(IL-6)/Janus tyrosine kinase 2(JAK2)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) signaling pathway, Toll like receptor 4(TLR4)/nuclear transcription factor-κB(NF-κB) signaling pathway,Notch signaling pathway, and matrix metalloproteinase-9(MMP-9)/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) signaling pathway. Gegen Qinliantang regulates the intercellular molecular transmission in multiple pathways to protect the intestinal mucosal barrier, adjust the immune response and anti-oxidative stress, and relieve UC, demonstrating the multi-target, multi-mechanism, and multi-pathway advantages of TCM compounds.

16.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 525-529, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911583

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic selective lateral lymph node dissection (LLND) for radical resection of rectal cancer.Methods:From Dec 2018 to Jul 2020, at the Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery of Northern Jiangsu People's Hospital laparoscopic radical resection of rectal cancer was performed in 32 cases and radical resection plus selective LLND in 26 cases.Results:The operation time in the LLND group was significantly longer than that in the simple radical resection group [247(179-405) min vs. 146(118-258) min, Z=-5.169, P<0.001], but there was no significant difference in intraoperative bleeding [68(45-500) ml vs. 56(25-500) ml, Z=-1.598, P=0.110], postoperative ventilation time [2.5(1-6) d vs. 3.0(1-6) d, Z=-0.120, P=0.905], postoperative hospital stay [9.0(7-17) d vs. 9.5(6-14) d, Z=-1.050, P=0.294] and hospitalization costs [(49 000±3 000) RMB vs. (48 000±3 000) RMB, t=-1.072, P=0.289] between the two groups. The incidence of postoperative complications in the two groups was 19% and 27% respectively (χ 2=0.551, P=0.458). The number of lateral lymph node dissection in LLND group was 8(6-16), 5 of 26 patients had lateral lymph node metastasis, with a metastasis rate of 19%. Conclusion:Laparoscopic radical resectim plus selective LLND for rectal cancer harvests more lateral lymph node metastasis without causing higher complications .

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 636-639, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873859

ABSTRACT

@#In modern society, children and adolescents are experiencing an increasing incidence of myopia, resulting from the combined influence of genetic factor and environmental factor. Despite the influence of genetic factor, a great number of researches indicate that environmental factor has been playing a crucial role. Outdoor activity proves to be a major protective factor to reduce the incidence of children's myopia. Sunlight is one of the important ones among various factors of outdoor activity. The intensity, wavelength and rhythm of sunlight may all affect eyeball's refraction development. Varied sunlight environment may have different influences on eyeball's refraction development. The paper has summarized clinical and trial and animal experiment research results on how sunlight affects eyeball's refraction development, and it has offered references to further study on refractive error development mechanism and prevention strategy.

18.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 2-5, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885957

ABSTRACT

Personnel training marks a key assurance for the healthy and sustainable development of healthcare sector and healthcare institutions in China, rendering it critical importance to include personnel training into performance appraisal. The authors analyzed the connotation and orientation of personnel training index assessment in the performance appraisal at tertiary public hospitals in the country, sorted out the assessment details to be optimized. On such basis, the authors recommended on optimal assessment methodology, combining the gradual improvement of medical personnel training assessment indexes and interval range assessment. These efforts aim at providing references for further improving the scientificity, standardization, homogeneity, as well as vertical and horizontal comparability and operability of personnel training index assessment.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 360-364, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection(LAPR) with pelvic peritoneum closure for patients with low rectal cancer.Methods:The clinicopathological data of 90 patients with low rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection from Mar 2014 to Jan 2019 at the Subei People's Hospital of Jiangsu Province were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into closed pelvic floor peritoneum group (study group, n=42) and without pelvic floor peritoneum group (control group, n=48) . Results:The postoperative hospital stay of the study group was shorter than that of the control group[(10.8±3.0) d vs. (12.4±3.1) d, t=2.569, P=0.013]. There was no statistically significant difference in the operation time , intraoperative blood loss , time to first flatus ,first time of getting out of bed between the two groups. Perineal incision infection and perineal incision dehiscence occurred in 2 cases and 1 case in the study group, and 10 cases and 9 cases in the control group respectively (χ 2= 5.007, P=0.025; χ 2=6.077, P=0.033). In the study group, there were 0 cases of perineal hernia, 1 case of pelvic floor peritoneal hernia and 2 cases of adhesive intestinal obstruction, while those in the control group were 7 cases, 8 cases and 9 cases, respectively (χ 2=6.642, P=0.013; χ 2=5.079, P=0.033; χ 2=4.085, P=0.043). Conclusion:Laparoscopic abdominoperineal resection with pelvic peritoneum closure significantly reduces the incidence of postoperative perineal-related complications and shorten postoperative hospital stay.

20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2700-2709, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921204

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is limited information about thymosin α1 (Tα1) as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy, either used alone or combined with other treatments, in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adjuvant Tα1 treatment on long-term survival in margin-free (R0)-resected stage IA-IIIA NSCLC patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 5746 patients with pathologic stage IA-IIIA NSCLC who underwent R0 resection were included. The patients were divided into the Tα1 group and the control group according to whether they received Tα1 or not. A propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce bias, resulting in 1027 pairs of patients.@*RESULTS@#After PSM, the baseline clinicopathological characteristics were similar between the two groups. The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were significantly higher in the Tα1 group compared with the control group. The multivariable analysis showed that Tα1 treatment was independently associated with an improved prognosis. A longer duration of Tα1 treatment was associated with improved OS and DFS. The subgroup analyses showed that Tα1 therapy could improve the DFS and/or OS in all subgroups of age, sex, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), smoking status, and pathological tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) stage, especially for patients with non-squamous cell NSCLC and without targeted therapy.@*CONCLUSION@#Tα1 as adjuvant immunomodulatory therapy can significantly improve DFS and OS in patients with NSCLC after R0 resection, except for patients with squamous cell carcinoma and those receiving targeted therapy. The duration of Tα1 treatment is recommended to be >24 months.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Immunomodulation , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Thymalfasin
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