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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907001

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The antibacterial properties and bonding strength of 3M orthodontic adhesive resin modified by chlorhexidine acetate (CHA) composite mesoporous silica were investigated.@*Methods@# CHA with different mass fractions was encapsulated in mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) (denoted CHA@MSNs). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to characterize the samples. The 3M Z350XT flow resin was divided into 4 groups: group A: 3M+CHA@MSNs (0%); group B: 3M+CHA@MSNs (3%); group C: 3M+CHA@MSNs (5%); and group D: 3M+CHA@MSNs (6.4%), with mass scores of 0%, 3%, 5%, and 6.4%, respectively. The shear strength of the modified adhesive was tested by a universal electronic material testing machine, the adhesive residue was observed by a 10 × magnifying glass, and the adhesive Remnant index (ARI) was calculated. The four groups of modified adhesives were cultured with Streptococcus mutans. The OD540 value of the bacterial solution was measured by a spectrophotometer, and the amount of plaque attachment was observed by scanning electron microscopy to evaluate the antibacterial performance of the adhesives.@*Results@#Infrared spectroscopic analysis of CHA@MSNs showed that CHA was successfully loaded onto MSNs. Under scanning electron microscopy, it could be seen that, after Cha was combined with MSNs, the structure of MSNs changed, as the boundary was fuzzy and aggregated into a layered structure. A comparison of shear strength revealed a statistically significant difference between the groups containing CHA@MSNs and the groups without CHA@MSNs (P<0.05). The value of the shear strength in group D decreased the most, while there was no statistically significant difference between group B and group C (P > 0.05). There was no statistical significance across all groups (P > 0.05), suggesting that the addition of CHA@MSNs had little effect on the bracket shedding. The OD540 value of bacterial fluid indicated that the difference among groups A, B and C was statistically significant (P < 0.05), and the antibacterial effect of group C was the best; there was no statistically significant difference between group C and group D (P > 0.05).@*Conclusions@#Therefore, adding 5% CHA@MSN antibacterial agent significantly improved the antibacterial effect and did not affect the bond strength.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922577

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of electro-acupuncture (EA) on vasomotor symptoms in rats with acute cerebral infarction, by observing the changes in the expression of factors related to the phosphatidylinositol (PI) system.@*METHODS@#Forty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the control group (n=6), the model group (n=18) and the EA group (n=18). The EA group was given EA treatment at Shuigou (GV 26) instantly after modeling with middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) method, while the model and control groups were not given any treatment. The degrees of neurological deficiency were evaluated using neurological severity scores (NSS) and the brain blood flow was evaluated by a laser scanning confocal microscope. Western blot analysis was conducted to detect the expression levels of G-protein subtype (Gq) and calmodulin (CaM). Competition for protein binding was conducted to detect the expression level of inositol triphosphate (IP3). Thin layer quantitative analysis was conducted to detect the expression level of diacylglycerol (DAG). The expression level of intracellular concentration of free calcium ion ([Ca@*RESULTS@#The NSS of the model group was significantly higher than the control group at 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while the EA group was significantly lower than the model group at 6 h (P<0.01). The cerebral blood flow in the model group was significantly lower than the control group at 1, 3 and 6 h after MCAO (P<0.01), while for the EA group it was remarkably higher than the model group at the same time points (P<0.01). The expressions of Gq, CaM, IP3, DAG and [Ca@*CONCLUSION@#EA treatment at GV 26 can effectively decrease the over-expression of related factors of PI system in rats with acute cerebral infarction, improve cerebral autonomy movement, and alleviate cerebral vascular spasm.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Animals , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction/therapy , Electroacupuncture , Phosphatidylinositols , Rats , Rats, Wistar
3.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 240-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920855

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 155 recipients undergoing lung transplantation in Wuxi People's Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from July 2016 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the incidence of central airway stenosis following lung transplantation, all recipients were divided into the stenosis group (n=36) and control group (n=119). The incidence of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation was summarized. The risk factors of central airway stenosis after lung transplantation were assessed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Results Among 155 lung transplant recipients, 36 cases (23.2%) developed central airway stenosis. The average incidence time was (53±13) d after lung transplantation. Univariate analysis demonstrated that bilateral lung transplantation, grade 3 primary graft dysfunction (PGD), airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time, long mechanical ventilation time and long intensive care unit (ICU) stay were the risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that airway fungal infection, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time were the independent risk factors for central airway stenosis after lung transplantation (all P < 0.05). Conclusions Airway fungal infection after lung transplantation, long cold ischemia time and long mechanical ventilation time probably lead to central airway stenosis after lung transplantation. Active preventive measures and intimate monitoring should be taken to improve the quality of life of the recipients after lung transplantation.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 533-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886780

ABSTRACT

Lung transplantation is the only effective treatment of most end-stage lung diseases. Airway anastomotic complications are the main obstacles affecting the postoperative survival and quality of life of lung transplant recipients. Airway anastomotic stenosis is the most common airway anastomotic complication after lung transplantation. In recent years, improvements in the recipient selection, organ preservation, surgical techniques, postoperative intensive care management, immunosuppression, antifungal and endoscopic treatment have decreased the incidence of airway anastomotic stenosis and improved the surgical efficacy of lung transplantation and the survival of the recipients. In this article, the pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis after lung transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide novel ideas for clinical research, diagnosis and treatment of airway anastomotic stenosis following lung transplantation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of 6q24-related transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (6q24-TNDM).Methods:The clinical data of two neonates with 6q24-TNDM admitted to Shanghai Children's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2017, were retrospectively collected. The methylation levels of 16 cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) sites from the methylated differentially modified region (DMR) in 6q24 were quantitatively analyzed by pyrosequencing.Results:Case 1, aged 5 d, was born at 37 +4 gestational weeks due to fetal growth restriction, and case 2 was 11-days old and born at 38 +2 gestational weeks. Both infants were male and small for age. They were born through a cesarean section. The birth weight of case 1 and case 2 were 2 340 g and 2 600 g, respectively. They were admitted due to hyperglycemia with blood glucose of 12.95 and 8.00 mmol/L on admission, respectively. Physical examination showed slightly poor skin elasticity and thin subcutaneous fat. Laboratory examination revealed lower serum insulin (<1.39 and 3.94 pmol/L) and peptide C (0.05 and 0.14 nmol/L) levels, positive results of urine glucose, negative tests for urine ketone, serum anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibody, anti-insulin antibody, and islet cell antibody in both cases. Normal size of the pancreas was observed by ultrasonography. The infants were improved and were discharged after subcutaneous insulin infusion for more than two weeks. The treatment was discontinued at 69 d and 42 d postnatally for case 1 and case 2. Prenatal diagnosis of the two infants showed normal karyotypes and uniparental disomy of chromosome 6 indicated by single nucleotide polymorphism chip. No pathogenic mutations were detected by next-generation sequencing after admission. The methylation levels of 16 CpG sites in DMR of 6q24 in the two cases, which were quantitatively analyzed by pyrosequencing, were lower than 10% (normal value in healthy matched controls: 40%), indicating an obvious hypomethylation. Conclusions:For children with TNDM who are small for gestational age at birth, presenting hyperglycemia with decreased serum insulin and C-peptide levels, pyrosequencing can be used to quantitatively analyze the methylation levels of CpG sites in 6q24 DMR, which can quickly and directly assist in the diagnosis of 6q24-TNDM, thereby contributing to the treatment and prognosis assessment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 149-150, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884976

ABSTRACT

A patient with intermittent right lumbar pain for more than one month and aggravating for one week was reported. The right laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed, and fibrosarcoma of the right kidney was diagnosed. The patient refused further radiotherapy or chemotherapy and was discharged on the 11th after surgery. One year after operation, the patient underwent chest CT, and subdural tumor of right lobe of liver was detected. A surgery was performed in another hospital, and liver metastasis from right renal fibrosarcoma was diagnosed. He was alive four months after operation.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 421-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881526

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of interleukin (IL)-10 on donor lung function after ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) in rats of cardiac death. Methods Twenty adult male SD rats were randomly divided into the simple perfusion group (group A, n=10) and modified perfusion group (group B, n=10). Perfusate A (without IL-10) and perfusate B (supplemented with IL-10) was administered in group A and B, respectively. The EVLP rat models of cardiac death were established. The appearance of donor lung, dry-to-wet (D/W) ratio of donor lung tissues, the function and metabolism of donor lung, the morphology of donor lung and the levels of inflammatory markers of donor lung were statistically compared between two groups. Results After perfusion, evident edema of the whole donor lung, poor compliance and a large amount of edema fluid discharged from the airway were observed in group A, whereas no obvious edema and good compliance were found in group B. Compared with group A, the D/W ratio of lung tissues in group B was higher (P < 0.05). In both groups, the pulmonary vein partial pressure of oxygen reached the peak at 2 h after perfusion, which did not significantly differ between two groups (P > 0.05). In group B, the pulmonary artery pressure was increased at a lower speed and significantly lower after perfusion, and the lactic acid level in the perfusate was significantly lower than those in group A (all P < 0.05). In group A, the alveolar structure was largely destroyed and the cells was rare. In group B, the alveolar structure was relatively normal without evident cell edema. The incidence of cell apoptosis of donor lung was high in group A, whereas no obvious cell apoptosis of donor lung was noted in group B. After perfusion for 4 h, the levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP)-1 and IL-6 were significantly increased, the IL-4 levels were remarkably decreased (all P < 0.05), but the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-1α and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) did not significantly change in both groups (all P > 0.05). Conclusions IL-10 may improve the function of donor lung after EVLP in rat of cardiac death by reducing cell apoptosis.

8.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 261-278, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880901

ABSTRACT

TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1), a core kinase of antiviral pathways, activates the production of interferons (IFNs). It has been reported that deacetylation activates TBK1; however, the precise mechanism still remains to be uncovered. We show here that during the early stage of viral infection, the acetylation of TBK1 was increased, and the acetylation of TBK1 at Lys241 enhanced the recruitment of IRF3 to TBK1. HDAC3 directly deacetylated TBK1 at Lys241 and Lys692, which resulted in the activation of TBK1. Deacetylation at Lys241 and Lys692 was critical for the kinase activity and dimerization of TBK1 respectively. Using knockout cell lines and transgenic mice, we confirmed that a HDAC3 null mutant exhibited enhanced susceptibility to viral challenge via impaired production of type I IFNs. Furthermore, activated TBK1 phosphorylated HDAC3, which promoted the deacetylation activity of HDAC3 and formed a feedback loop. In this study, we illustrated the roles the acetylated and deacetylated forms of TBK1 play in antiviral innate responses and clarified the post-translational modulations involved in the interaction between TBK1 and HDAC3.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880159

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the gene defect types and distribution characteristics of α- and β-thalassemia in Lingui District of Guilin City, Guangxi, so as to provide scientific basis for genetic consultation and prevention measures.@*METHODS@#A total of 6 496 suspected cases for screening the thalassemia during physical examination, premarital examination, pregnancy examination and hospitalization in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guilin Medical University from May 2016 to October 2019 were analyzed. Gap-PCR, PCR-RDB and DNA sequencing techniques were used to detect the types and constituent ratios of gene defects in α- and β-thalassemia positive cases.@*RESULTS@#Among 6 496 suspected patients, 1 363 were thalassemia carriers, the total positive rate was 20.98%. There were 677 cases of single-gene deletion and 26 cases of double-gene detetion on the deletional α-thalassemia, 115 cases of non-deletion α-thalassemia mutation and 4 cases of deletion plus mutation. The positive rate of α-thalassemia was 12.66%. There were 11 gene abnormalities for α-thalassemia, of which --@*CONCLUSION@#Lingui district of Guilin city is a high incidence area of thalassemia. The mutation rate of α-thalassemia --


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Genotype , Heterozygote , Humans , Mutation , Pregnancy , alpha-Thalassemia/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/genetics
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the efficacy and safety of continuous intravenous infusion of 2-Chlorodeoxyadenosine (2-CdA) combined with high-dose cytarabine (Ara-C) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) (CLAG regiem) in the treatment of relapsed/refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Fifteen patients with refractory/relapsed AML hospitalized in 5 medical units such as Department of Hematology, the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and received one course of CLAG regimen from June 2014 to August 2019 were analyzed retrospectively (specifically: cladribine 5 mg/M@*RESULTS@#Among the 15 patients with refractory/relapsed AML, 9 males and 6 females, the median age was 35 (13-63) years old. FAB classification: 1 case of M@*CONCLUSION@#The CLAG regimen consisting of continuous intravenous infusion of cladribine shows high CR in the treatment of AML patients, but the duration of CR is short, myelosuppression is sever, so that infection control is the key. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cells transplantation should be performed as soon as possible after CR.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Cytarabine/therapeutic use , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor/therapeutic use , Humans , Infusions, Intravenous , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880026

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergistic immunomodulatory mechanism of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI) regimen on patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).@*METHODS@#Sixty eight untreated de novo or relapsed or refractory or maintenance therapy patients with AML admitted in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University and the other 11 medical units from March 2016 to May 2019 were treated with ITI regimen. Peripheral blood specimen per patient was collected into EDTA-K3 anticoagulation vacuum tube before the administration of ITI and 3 months after the treatment; peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and perforin and Granzyme B expression were analyzed by using flow cytometry; the levels of VEGF, IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-6 in the plasma were detected by using a cytometric bead array. Thirty-five healthy subjects from the hospital physical examination centre were selected as normal controls.@*RESULTS@#The ratio of CD4@*CONCLUSION@#The ITI regimen can raise the ratio of CD4


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Perforin , Thalidomide
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921910

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate clinical efficacy of arthroscopic with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in treating meniscus injury.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to December 2019, clinical control study on repair meniscus injury by arthroscopic with PRP between arthroscopic were searched by PubMed, Science Direct, Cochrane library, Chinese Journal Full-text Database, Wanfang and VIP database. Literature screening, data extraction and quality evaluation according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Visual analogue scale(VAS) of knee joint and Lysholm score at 1, 6 and 12 months after opertaion between two groups were compared, and Western Ontario and McMaster University Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) at 3, 6 and 12 months after opertaion between twogroups were also compared.@*RESULTS@#Totally 9 literatures and 329 patients with meniscal injuries were screened, include 146 patients treated by arthroscopic with PRP and 183 patients treated by arthroscopic. There were no statistical differences in VAS between two groups at 1, 6 and 12 months after opertaion. There were differences in Lysholm score at 1 and 6 months after operation between two groups [@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic with PRP for repair meniscus injury has short term efficacy of knee function and delay arthritis, while has similar effect in long term clinical efficacy and relieve pain.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Knee Joint , Meniscus , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 846-849, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866910

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical value of "hydration therapy" in the treatment of severe acute paraquat poisoning (APP).Methods:A prospective historical control observation was conducted. Fifty-eight patients with severe APP admitted to Shouguang People's Hospital Affiliated to Weifang Medical College from February 2014 to June 2019 were enrolled. Twenty-six patients admitted before May 10th, 2016 were enrolled in the standard treatment group. After being admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) from the department of emergency, patients in the standard treatment group were immediately given standard treatment such as repeated gastric lavage, catharsis, adsorption of poison by activated carbon or montmorillonite powder, drug treatment and blood purification. From May 10th, 2016, 32 patients were enrolled in the intensive treatment group. On the basis of standard treatment, "hydration therapy" was carried out, that was, 0.9% NaCl and/or 5% glucose injection were used for continuous intravenous infusion throughout the day, so as to ensure that the total amount of fluid infusion per day reached 200 mL/kg within 48-72 hours after ICU admission. At the same time, furosemide was used to strengthen diuresis to ensure the balance of water and electrolyte. If heart failure or acute pulmonary interstitial edema occurred during the treatment, "hydration therapy" should be stopped immediately. Six months after treatment, all patients were followed up. The patients with normal activity, no complaints of discomfort and no damage of heart, lung, liver, kidney and other organs were regarded as cured. The therapeutic effect of "hydration therapy" was evaluated.Results:There was no significant difference in gender, age, dosage or time from taking poison to ICU between the two groups. In the intensive treatment group, 32 patients did not appear heart failure during continuous rehydration treatment. Follow-up after 6 months showed that the overall cure rate in the intensive treatment group was significantly higher than that in the standard treatment group [59.4% (19/32) vs. 19.2% (5/26), P < 0.05]. In the 6-month follow-up, there was no significant difference in age or time from taking poison to ICU between the two groups, but the dosage in the intensive treatment group was significantly higher than that in the standard treatment group (mL: 54.06±26.03 vs. 23.00±4.47, P < 0.05). After 6 months of follow-up, chest CT showed that the lesions of pulmonary fibrosis of cured patients in both group gradually reduced with time, not completely progressive and irreversible. Conclusion:"Hydration therapy" with intensive diuresis can significantly improve the rescue success rate of patients with severe APP.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870518

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate treatment of laparoscopic rectopexy with Douglas pouch repair plus the procedure for prolapse and hemorrhoids (PPH) for complete rectal prolapse (CRP).Methods:A total of 36 CRP patients treated by laparoscopic rectopexy associated with the procedure for PPH at No. 989 Hospital of PLA between Oct 2014 and June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:Operations were successful in all these 36 cases.One patient developed left post-op hydronephrosis and no other major complications were observed , such as intra-abdominal hemorrhage, infection. 2 of 36 patients developed recurrent prolapse. The constipation score and incontinence score at the 12th month after operation were significantly different from those before operation[(5.97±1.36) vs.(10.92±1.96), t=17.39, P<0.05; (6.28±1.49) vs.(10.81±2.16), t=16.32, P<0.05]. The constipation score and incontinence score at the 24th month after operation were significantly different from those before operation[(5.81±1.28) vs.(10.92±1.96), t=15.36, P<0.05 ; (6.03±1.67) vs.(10.81±2.16), t=14.64, P<0.05]. But there was no significant difference on the 12th and 24th month after surgery ( t=0.85, P>0.05 and t=1.12, P>0.05). Conclusions:Laparoscopic rectopexy with Douglas pouch repair plus the procedure for PPH for CRP is a effective treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery with the patient lying on supine position under general anesthesia in the operation of type I Mirizzi syndrome with choledocholithiasis.Methods:From Jan 2018 to Jan 2020, 53 cases of Mirizzi syndrome with choledocholithiasis undergoing laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery (preLC+ ERCP+ EST) at the Second Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University were retrospectively analyzed.Results:53 patients successfully underwent LC without conversion to open surgery, and 2 patients failed in ERCP + EST attempt, with a success rate of 96.2%. One patient developed pancreas pseudocyst as a result of post-operative hemorrhagic necrotizing pancreatitis. Two patients suffered from chronic pancreatitis. Three patients complaining postoperative upper abdominal discomfort were finally diagnosed as stump cystic duct inflammation by MRCP, and no abnormalities were found in the follow-up of the remaining cases.Conclusion:Laparoscopic and endoscopic cooperative surgery in the treatment of patients with type I Mirizzi syndrome combined with choledocholithiasis is minimally invasive and effective.

17.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 229-230, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869625

ABSTRACT

The segmental testicular infarction rate is extremely low, usually showing acute testicular pain, which needs to be distinguished from testicular tumor, testicular torsion, etc. Only a few cases were reported. In this study, two cases were presented. Case one, a 13-year-old boy, was admitted to hospital due to right testicular swelling and pain for 3 days. Presenting with vomiting once on May 5, 2017.He underwent right scrotum exploration and testicular fixation. Testicular pain was disappeared and discharged on the five days operation. There was no obvious abnormality in color doppler ultrasound after one year after operation. Another patient, a 26-year-old man, was admitted to hospital due to left testicular swelling and pain for 6 on March 15, 2018. He was treated with Xue Saitong, natra heparin calcium and Maizhiling tablets. After seven days of treatment, the testicular pain improved and were discharged. One month after discharge, the patient had no pain or discomfort, and the color Doppler ultrasound showed that the left subtesticular polar-like low-isoecho, and a small amount of star-like blood flow signal around.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828299

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy under local anesthesia and general anesthesia proximal femoral nail anti-rotation(PFNA) fixation for intertrochanteric fracture of femur in high risk patients.@*METHODS@#From February 2018 to February 2019, 32 patients underwent PFNA operation due to intertrochanteric fracture of femur, including 16 patients undergoing PFNA operation under local anesthesia, 9 males and 7 females, aged 54 to 98 (82.43±9.30) years and hospitalized for (10.94±5.30) days;16 patients undergoing PFNA operation under general anesthesia, 6 males and 10 females, aged 51 to 83 (72.69±9.48) years and hospitalized for (12.88±4.12) days. The patients' gender, age, fracture AO classification, preoperative VAS (visual analogue score), preoperative ASA condition grade, postoperative 1st day resting state VAS, hospitalization cost and length of stay were recorded.@*RESULTS@#All patients recovered well, the wound healed well, and the ability of lower limb activity was restored. The average follow-up time was 4.6 months. There was significant difference in age between two groups (0.05). There was no significant difference on ASA between two groups (>0.05), but there was significant difference on ASA≥grade Ⅲ between two groups (0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Under the multi-disciplinary diagnosisand treatment mode, the method of PFNA operation is safe and feasible, the patients with local anesthesia are older, and the proportion of patients with ASA≥grade Ⅲ is higher, which is better for some elderly high-risk patients than general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Anesthesia, Local , Bone Nails , Female , Femoral Fractures , General Surgery , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1390-1396, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Critical patients with the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), even those whose nucleic acid test results had turned negative and those receiving maximal medical support, have been noted to progress to irreversible fatal respiratory failure. Lung transplantation (LT) as the sole therapy for end-stage pulmonary fibrosis related to acute respiratory distress syndrome has been considered as the ultimate rescue therapy for these patients.@*METHODS@#From February 10 to March 10, 2020, three male patients were urgently assessed and listed for transplantation. After conducting a full ethical review and after obtaining assent from the family of the patients, we performed three LT procedures for COVID-19 patients with illness durations of more than one month and extremely high sequential organ failure assessment scores.@*RESULTS@#Two of the three recipients survived post-LT and started participating in a rehabilitation program. Pearls of the LT team collaboration and perioperative logistics were summarized and continually improved. The pathological results of the explanted lungs were concordant with the critical clinical manifestation, and provided insight towards better understanding of the disease. Government health affair systems, virology detection tools, and modern communication technology all play key roles towards the survival of the patients and their rehabilitation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LT can be performed in end-stage patients with respiratory failure due to COVID-19-related pulmonary fibrosis. If confirmed positive-turned-negative virology status without organ dysfunction that could contraindicate LT, LT provided the final option for these patients to avoid certain death, with proper protection of transplant surgeons and medical staffs. By ensuring instant seamless care for both patients and medical teams, the goal of reducing the mortality rate and salvaging the lives of patients with COVID-19 can be attained.


Subject(s)
Aged , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus Infections , Mortality , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Humans , Lung Transplantation , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Mortality , Pulmonary Fibrosis , Mortality , General Surgery , Respiratory Distress Syndrome , Mortality , General Surgery
20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1150-1161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826863

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to establish a novel technology using microalgae for NO₃⁻ removal from high concentration wastewater and conversion to algal proteins. The effects of cultivation modes and illumination modes on the biomass yield, NO₃⁻ assimilation rate and algal protein yield were first investigated in shaking flasks for mixotrophic cultivation of Chlorella pyrenoidosa, and subsequently the scale-up verification in 5-L photo fermenter was successfully conducted. Fed-batch cultivation without medium recycling was the best cultivation mode in shaking flask system, in which the highest biomass yield (35.95 g/L), the average NO₃⁻ assimilation rate (2.06 g/(L·d)) and algal protein content (up to 42.44% of dry weight) were achieved. By using a staged increase of light intensity as illumination modes, the specific growth rate of cells could be significantly promoted to the highest (0.65 d⁻¹). After a 128-hour continuous cultivation in a 5-L photo fermenter, the highest biomass yield and the average NO₃⁻ assimilation rate were reached to 66.22 g/L and 4.38 g/(L·d) respectively, with the highest algal protein content at 47.13% of dry weight. Our study could provide a photo fermentation technology of microalgae for highly efficient treatment of waste industrial nitric acid and/or high concentration nitrate wastewater. This microalgae-based bioconversion process could coproduce protein-rich microalgal biomass, which facilitates the resource utilization of these type wastewater by trash-to-treasure conversion.


Subject(s)
Algal Proteins , Biomass , Chlorella , Nitrates , Metabolism , Nitrogen , Metabolism , Waste Water , Chemistry , Water Purification , Methods
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