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1.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 531-533, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the distribution of pathogenic fungi in patients with tinea capitis diagnosed in Xijing Hospital, Air Force Medical University in the past 10 years.Methods:A total of 871 outpatients or inpatients with tinea capitis were collected from the Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from January 2011 to December 2020, and their clinical data and pathogen distribution were retrospectively analyzed. Pearson chi-square test was used to analyze differences in the pathogen distribution between children and adult patients with tinea capitis.Results:Of 871 patients with tinea capitis, 588 (67.5%) were males and 283 (33.5%) were females; 21 (2.40%) were aged less than 1 year, 266 (30.50%) aged 1 - 3 years, 352 (40.40%) aged 4 - 6 years, 187 (21.50%) aged 7 - 12 years, 4 (0.50%) aged 12 - 18 years, and 41 (4.70%) were aged 18 - 74 years. A total of 705 pathogenic strains were isolated from these patients, including 599 strains of Microsporum canis (85.0%) , 52 strains of Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex (7.4%) , 27 strains of Trichophyton tonsurans (3.8%) , and 18 strains of Trichophyton violaceum (2.6%) . Among the pathogenic fungi of tinea capitis, the proportion of Trichophyton violaceum was significantly higher in adults (8.8%) than in children (2.2%, P = 0.048) . Conclusions:In the past 10 years, the patients with tinea capitis in the Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital were mainly children aged 1 - 6 yearswhile adults, and adult patients with tinea capitis were uncommon. The main pathogen of tinea capitis was Microsporum canis, followed by Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 933-940, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993524

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of the "frame and buttress" fixation in the treatment of acetabular quadrilateral fractures.Methods:A total of 26 patients with acetabular quadrilateral fractures treated with the "Frame and buttress" fixation strategy (reconstructing frame and providing buttress for quadrilateral surface) from January 2017 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed in the Department of Orthopaedics, Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, including 17 males and 9 females, aged 47.7±16.5 years, (range, 25-71 years). There were 13 cases from car accidents, 8 cases from falls, and 5 cases from heavy objects. Quadrilateral fractures were classified according to whether the anterior column (A) and posterior column (P) of the acetabulum were fractured and whether the quadrilateral plate (Q) was partially (1) or completely (2) separated from the two columns. Among these cases, there were 5 cases of type AQ1, 1 case of type AQ2, 1 case of type PQ2, 14 cases of type APQ1 and 5 cases of type APQ2. The "frame and buttress" fixation strategy was used to perform open reduction and internal fixation. The Matta scale was used to assess the quality of resurfacing based on pelvic radiographs, and the Matta modified Merle d'Aubigne and Postel scores were referenced to evaluate hip function.Results:All the 26 patients successfully completed the operation, the operation time was 88.1±57.8 min (range, 90-320 min), the intraoperative bleeding was 753.8±309.5 ml (range, 400-1 400 ml). There were 14 cases of anatomical reduction, 8 cases of satisfactory reduction and 4 cases of unsatisfactory reduction with an excellent rate of 85% (22/26), the excellence rate was 85% (22/26). All patients were followed up for 16.3±4.3 months (range, 12-24 months). The hip function score after operation was higher than that before operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=19.80, P<0.001). The hip function score was 13.1±2.2 at 3 months postoperatively, increased to 15.9±2.3 at 6 months postoperatively, and increased to 16.6±1.9 at the last follow-up, with a statistically significant difference ( P<0.001). After operation, 5 patients showed symptoms of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury such as hypoesthesia and numbness in the anterolateral thigh. During the follow-up, there was no ectopic ossification, traumatic arthritis, necrosis of the femoral head and central dislocation of the femoral head. Conclusion:The "frame and buttress" fixation strategy based on quadrilateral fracture typing for acetabular quadrilateral fracture open reduction internal fixation provides strong fixation, satisfactory reduction quality, and facilitates joint function recovery after operation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 844-848, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993010

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the optimal keV value of the virtual monoenergetic image (VMI) for displaying the osteosarcoma by using the dual-layer spectral detector CT and to evaluate its application value in determining the extent of intramedullary invasion of osteosarcoma.Methods:From August 2021 to August 2022, 57 patients with conventional osteosarcoma of long bone confirmed by biopsy in Beijing Jishuitan Hospital, Capital Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. All patients completed dual-layer spectral CT enhanced examination before limb salvage surgery, and tumor segment resection specimens were obtained after surgery. Conventional 120 kVp image and VMI of 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 keV were obtained by spectral CT examination, and the CT values of tumors, image noise were measured and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the corresponding images were calculated. The objective evaluation among the six groups of images were assessed with the Friedman test, and then determined the optimal keV value. The maximum distance between the intramedullary boundary of osteosarcoma and the adjacent articular surfaces was measured on the best keV VMI and the tumor segment resection specimens. The Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to find the differences and the Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between the distance measured from the best keV VMI and the specimens.Results:There were significant differences in CT value, image noise, SNR and CNR between 40-80 keV VMI and 120 kVp conventional CT images ( P<0.05). The CT value, SNR and CNR of 40 and 50 keV VMI were better than 120 kVp ( P<0.001). The 50 keV VMI was chosen as the best keV VMI to measure the intramedullary extent of osteosarcoma. The distance measured from 50 keV VMI was 103.9 (80.4, 131.4) mm, while the distance measured from specimens was 113.5 (94.0, 142.0) mm, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-5.76, P<0.001). The 50 keV VMI measurements in 51 patients were smaller than the gross specimens, which underestimated the tumor intramedullary extent, with the difference was 11.1 (6.6, 13.8) mm. The Spearman correlation analysis demonstrated a high positive correlation of distance measured on gross specimens with the 50 keV VMI ( r s=0.960, P<0.001). Conclusions:Dual-layer spectral detector CT with 50 keV VMI is the best image to show the limb osteosarcoma. Compared with gross specimens, the distance measured from CT underestimated the intramedullary invasion range of limb osteosarcoma about 10 mm, but the two show a good correlation.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992968

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the accuracy of artificial intelligence (AI) system based on deep learning in evaluating bone age of children with abnormal growth and development.Methods:The positive X-ray films of the left wrist of children with abnormal growth and development who were treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. A total of 717 children were collected, including 266 males and 451 females, aged 2-18 (11±3) years. Based on Tanner Whitehouse 3 (TW 3)-RUS (radius, ulna, short bone) and TW3-Carpal (carpal bone) method, bone age was measured by 3 senior radiologists, and the mean value was taken as reference standard. The bone ages were independently evaluated by the AI system (Dr.Wise bone age prediction software) and two junior radiologists (physicians 1 and 2). The accuracy within 0.5 year, the accuracy within 1 year, the mean absolute error (MAE) and the root mean square error (RMSE) between the evaluation results and the reference standard were analyzed. Paired sample t-test was used to compare MAE between AI system and junior physicians. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to evaluate the consistency between AI system, junior physician and reference standard. The Bland-Altman diagram was drawn and the 95% consistency limit was calculated between AI system and reference standard. Results:For TW3-RUS bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 75.3% (540/717), 62.1% (445/717) and 66.2% (475/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.9% (695/717), 86.3% (619/717) and 89.1% (639/717), respectively. MAE was 0.360, 0.565 and 0.496 years, and RMSE was 0.469, 0.634 and 0.572 years, respectively. For TW3-Carpal bone age, compared with the reference standard, the accuracy within 0.5 year of AI system, physician 1 and physician 2 was 80.9% (580/717), 65.1% (467/717) and 71.7% (514/717), respectively. The accuracy within 1 year was 96.0% (688/717), 87.3% (626/717) and 90.4% (648/717), respectively. MAE was 0.330, 0.527 and 0.455 years, and RMSE was 0.458, 0.612, 0.538 years, respectively. Based on TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age, the MAE of AI system were lower than those of physician 1 and physician 2, and the differences were statistically significant ( P all<0.001). The evaluation results of AI, physician 1 and physician 2 were in good agreement with the reference standard (ICC all>0.950). The Bland-Altman analysis showed that the 95% agreement limits of AI system for assessing TW3-RUS and TW3-Carpal bone age were -0.75-1.02 years and-0.86-0.91 years, respectively. Conclusion:The accuracy of AI system in evaluating the bone age of children with abnormal growth and development is close to that of senior doctors, better than that of junior doctors, and in good agreement with senior doctors.

5.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 353-358, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992966

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the applicability of bone age (BA) assessment methods and to investigate the difference between BA and chronological age (CA) based on the data of children in rural areas of Beijing.Methods:A total of 412 healthy children (226 boys, 186 girls) with the age 8.6 (6.8, 10.3) years old were included in this study. The data of the prospective study were from a subgroup of the project "National Nutrition and Health Systematic Survey for 0-18 Years Old Children in China", which included children with age of 3-12 years old in Beijing rural areas. The non-dominant hand-wrist radiographs of all participants were obtained in April 2021. The Dr.Wise BA detection and analysis system was used to assess the BA according to the Tanner Whitehouse 3 (TW3) radius-ulna-short bone score (TW3-RUS), TW3 carpal bone score (TW3-Carpal), China-05 TW3-Chinese RUS (TW3-C RUS), China-05 TW3-Chinese carpal (TW3-C Carpal), and Greulich-Pyle (G-P) standards. The cases were stratified by the sex and different CA in the statistical analysis. The estimated BA obtained using different methods were compared with the CA using Wilcoxon signed ranks test.Results:The sex-stratified results showed that no significant difference was found between the estimated BA using G-P standards and CA in boys ( Z=-0.694, P=0.488), while all the other estimated BA results were statistically significantly higher than CA ( P<0.05). Stratified by both sex and CA, the estimated BA using G-P standards in 4-6 years old boy groups, as well as the estimated BA using TW3-Carpal and TW3-C Carpal standards in 11-12 years old girl groups were lower than CA, while in the other groups, the estimated BA were higher than CA. Conclusions:There were varying degrees of deviations in the BA estimations using TW3, China 05, and G-P methods for children in rural areas of Beijing. It is imperative to establish a new standard for the BA evaluation of the contemporary Chinese children.

6.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 348-352, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992965

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the sampling study design and radiography protocol of a large-sample investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in China.Methods:Multi-stage stratified random sampling was employed in this study. Two provinces, municipalities, or autonomous regions were randomly selected from each of the seven regions of China, including Northeast China, Northwest China, North China, Central China, East China, Southwest China, and South China. Then one rural and one urban investigation site were randomly selected from each province, municipality, or autonomous region. In total 28 sites were included. Among those sites, four residential districts were randomly selected from each urban site, and four townships from each rural site. For each residential district or township, 1-4 kindergartens, primary schools, and middle schools were chosen. Random cluster sampling was used to extract 3-<6-year-old children in kindergartens, and 6-18-year-old children in primary schools and middle schools. The investigation on skeletal maturation was sampled proportionate to the sampling of the whole study. The estimated simple size was 780 for each site, and 21 840 for all 28 sites in total. There were six groups of 3-<6-year-old children classified at 0.5-year intervals, and 12 groups of 6-18-year-old children classified at 1-year intervals. Posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist was achieved for all subjects.Results:The study was performed from August 26, 2019 to October 16, 2021. In total, 20 444 children received posteroanterior position radiography of the left hand and wrist, including 10 196 males and 10 248 females, 9 711 urban and 10 733 rural, respectively. The 3-<6-year-old group included 1 611 (male 819, female 792) subjects, and the 6 to 18-year-old group included 18 833 (male 9 377, female 9 456) subjects.Conclusion:This nationwide investigation on skeletal maturation of 3 to 18-year-old children in seven regions of China was successfully preformed. The results of this study can provide an important reference for establishing the current evaluation criteria of bone age in Chinese children and adolescents.

7.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E528-E534, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987981

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the performance of artificial joint at biological fixed interface by frettingmechanical stimulation. Methods Taking the bonding sample of active rat bone tissues and inactive titanium bead coating as the research object, by using the self-developed fretting mechanical stimulation test device, the effects of mechanical stimulation with different tangential fretting amplitudes on growth promotion and micro-injury of bone tissues at fixed interface were explored, and the mechanism of growth promotion and micro-injury of bonetissues on the surface of titanium bead coating under fretting stimulation was revealed. Results The mechanical stimulation group with 40 μm fretting amplitude showed the maximum interface bonding force between bone tissues and titanium bead coating. The tangential fraction force-displacement curves changed from elliptic shape to linear shape, and the bonding interface was in adhesion area, which was difficult to become loose. The bone tissues had the most complete structure, and the number of tissue cells adhering and growing on the surface of titanium bead coating was the largest, as well as the distribution range was the widest. With the increase of fretting amplitude, the promoting effect of fretting stimulation on bone growth weakened, the bonding strength between bone tissues and titanium bead coating interface gradually decreased, the internal cavity area increased, the number and proliferation activity of tissue cells decreased to varying degrees as well. Conclusions Fretting stimulation with different amplitudes can promote the growth of bone tissue and cause micro-injury at the same time, and the optimal fretting amplitude is 40 μm.

8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 395-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980734

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces professor SUN Shen-tian's clinical thoughts and his characteristics of acupuncture techniques for the treatment of depression based on "psychosomatic medicine". Professor SUN, the master of traditional Chinese medicine, believes that depression refers to comorbidity of "heart mind" and "body", resulting from the "body-mind" disharmony, specially dominated by the emotional disorder. This disease is located in the brain, with the injury of mind and closely related to the heart and liver dysfunction. In pathogenesis, the dysfunction of brain mind and the unhealthy conditions of body and mind are involved. The treatment should focus on "regulating the mind, improving the intelligence, co-modulating the abdominal and brain functions and treating the physical and mental disorders". Baihui (GV 20), Ningshen (Extra) and emotional area on the head are selected as the main points to benefit the intelligence and calming down the mind; the abdominal region 1 and region 8 of "Sun's abdominal acupuncture" are used as the main points of the abdomen to regulate the brain functions. The point prescription is modified according to the symptoms and etiologies. The repeated transcranial acupuncture stimulation and electroacupuncture at low frequency (2 Hz) are crucial to the therapeutic effect. Reliving anxious emotions is specially considered before acupuncture, and the mind is protected and deqi is consolidated during acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Acupuncture
9.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 221-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979620

ABSTRACT

@# Objective To investigate the drug resistance of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from blood samples in 75 member units of the Bacterial Drug Resistance Monitoring Network in Hebei, 2016- 2021, so as to provide a basis for rational drug use in clinic. Methods WHONET 5.6 software was used to retrospectively analyze drug susceptibility of Enterobacter cloacae isolated from 32 secondary hospitals and 43 tertiary hospitals. SPSS19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results After removing the duplicate strains, 1 225 strains of E. cloacae were isolated from blood samples of 75 hospitals during 6 years, including 157 strains from secondary hospitals and 1 068 strains from tertiary hospitals. In this study, the resistance of Enterobacter cloacae to 16 kinds of antibiotics was analyzed. The drug resistance rates to cefuroxime (52.4%-67.8%), piperacillin (27.4%-31.2%), ceftazidime (27.8%-35.5%), ceftriaxone (29.5%-45.0%), aztreonam (22.2%-32.3%), cotrimoxazole (21.6%-28.7%) were higher; the resistance rates to amikacin and tobramycin were lower than 15.0%. The resistance rates to imipenem and meropenem were 3.6%-12.3% and 5.1%-11.4%, respectively. The resistance rate to ciprofloxacin in tertiary hospitals was 22.4%, and the resistance rate to cotrimoxazole was 23.9%. Except for these two antimicrobials, the resistance rates to other antimicrobial drugs in tertiary hospitals were higher than that in secondary hospitals. A total of 121 carbapenem-resistant Enterobacter cloacae strains were detected in the past 6 years, with an increasing detection rate (χ2trend=6.305, P=0.012). Conclusions Enterobacter cloacae has great differences in antimicrobial resistance to different antibiotics, and is sensitive to carbapenems. The drug resistance in tertiary hospitals is generally higher than that in secondary hospitals. Drug resistance monitoring and drug resistance mechanism research should be strengthened to better guide clinical drug use and curb the rise of drug resistance.

10.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 37-50, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971609

ABSTRACT

The twenty-first century has already recorded more than ten major epidemics or pandemics of viral disease, including the devastating COVID-19. Novel effective antivirals with broad-spectrum coverage are urgently needed. Herein, we reported a novel broad-spectrum antiviral compound PAC5. Oral administration of PAC5 eliminated HBV cccDNA and reduced the large antigen load in distinct mouse models of HBV infection. Strikingly, oral administration of PAC5 in a hamster model of SARS-CoV-2 omicron (BA.1) infection significantly decreases viral loads and attenuates lung inflammation. Mechanistically, PAC5 binds to a pocket near Asp49 in the RNA recognition motif of hnRNPA2B1. PAC5-bound hnRNPA2B1 is extensively activated and translocated to the cytoplasm where it initiates the TBK1-IRF3 pathway, leading to the production of type I IFNs with antiviral activity. Our results indicate that PAC5 is a novel small-molecule agonist of hnRNPA2B1, which may have a role in dealing with emerging infectious diseases now and in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , COVID-19 , Hepatitis B virus , Interferon Type I/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein Group A-B/antagonists & inhibitors
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 59-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971408

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore risk factors affecting treatment for deep neck space infections (DNSIs) so as to provide guidance for appropriate early managements. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on inpatients with DNSIs admitted to the Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from March 2013 to February 2021. Patients were divided into surgical and non-surgical groups based on whether they had surgery or not. Information collected included demographic data, disease-related signs and symptoms, treatment history, systemic comorbidities, imaging data and laboratory indicators. Hypothesis testing, univariate Logistic regression and multivariate Logistic regression were used for data processing. Resuts A total of 61 patients were included, including 37 males and 24 females, aged 6-96 years. There were 35 cases (57.4%) in the surgical group and 26 cases (42.6%) in the non-surgical group. Multivariate analysis showed that risk factors for surgery as followings: neck dyskinesia (OR=0.03, 95%CI: 0.00-0.24), dysphagia (OR=0.10, 95%CI: 0.02-0.72), serum white blood cell count≥16.74×109/L (OR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.01-1.39) and interspace gas (OR=0.03, 95%CI: 0.00-0.30). Conclusion: Clinicians should be alert to these risk factors for surgery in the course of treatment and timely surgical treatment for patients who meet the conditions.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Neck/surgery , Risk Factors , Deglutition Disorders
12.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 114-121, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971160

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) combined with autologous Meek microskin transplantation on patients with extensive burns. Methods: The prospective self-controlled study was conducted. From May 2019 to June 2022, 16 patients with extensive burns admitted to the 990th Hospital of PLA Joint Logistics Support Force met the inclusion criteria, while 3 patients were excluded according to the exclusion criteria, and 13 patients were finally selected, including 10 males and 3 females, aged 24-61 (42±13) years. A total of 20 trial areas (40 wounds, with area of 10 cm×10 cm in each wound) were selected. Two adjacent wounds in each trial area were divided into hUCMSC+gel group applied with hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs and gel only group applied with hyaluronic acid gel only according to the random number table, with 20 wounds in each group. Afterwards the wounds in two groups were transplanted with autologous Meek microskin grafts with an extension ratio of 1∶6. In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing was observed, the wound healing rate was calculated, and the wound healing time was recorded. The specimen of wound secretion was collected for microorganism culture if there was purulent secretion on the wound post operation. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the scar hyperplasia in wound was assessed using the Vancouver scar scale (VSS). In 3 months post operation, the wound tissue was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the morphological changes and for immunohistochemical staining to observe the positive expressions of Ki67 and vimentin and to count the number of positive cells. Data were statistically analyzed with paired samples t test and Bonferronni correction. Results: In 2, 3, and 4 weeks post operation, the wound healing rates in hUCMSC+gel group were (80±11)%, (84±12)%, and (92±9)%, respectively, which were significantly higher than (67±18)%, (74±21)%, and (84±16)% in gel only group (with t values of 4.01, 3.52, and 3.66, respectively, P<0.05). The wound healing time in hUCMSC+gel group was (31±11) d, which was significantly shorter than (36±13) d in gel only group (t=-3.68, P<0.05). The microbiological culture of the postoperative wound secretion specimens from the adjacent wounds in 2 groups was identical, with negative results in 4 trial areas and positive results in 16 trial areas. In 3, 6, and 12 months post operation, the VSS scores of wounds in gel only group were 7.8±1.9, 6.7±2.1, and 5.4±1.6, which were significantly higher than 6.8±1.8, 5.6±1.6, and 4.0±1.4 in hUCMSC+gel group, respectively (with t values of -4.79, -4.37, and -5.47, respectively, P<0.05). In 3 months post operation, HE staining showed an increase in epidermal layer thickness and epidermal crest in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group, and immunohistochemical staining showed a significant increase in the number of Ki67 positive cells in wound in hUCMSC+gel group compared with those in gel only group (t=4.39, P<0.05), with no statistically significant difference in the number of vimentin positive cells in wound between the 2 groups (P>0.05). Conclusions: The application of hyaluronic acid gel containing hUCMSCs to the wound is simple to perform and is therefore a preferable route. Topical application of hUCMSCs can promote healing of the autologous Meek microskin grafted area in patients with extensive burns, shorten wound healing time, and alleviate scar hyperplasia. The above effects may be related to the increased epidermal thickness and epidermal crest, and active cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Burns/surgery , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hyaluronic Acid/therapeutic use , Hyperplasia , Ki-67 Antigen , Prospective Studies , Umbilical Cord , Vimentin
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 966-977, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970568

ABSTRACT

The present study optimized the ethanol extraction process of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus drug pair by network pharmacology and Box-Behnken method. Network pharmacology and molecular docking were used to screen out and verify the potential active components of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus, and the process evaluation indexes were determined in light of the components of the content determination under Ziziphi Spinosae Semen and Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia(2020 edition). The analytic hierarchy process(AHP) was used to determine the weight coefficient of each component, and the comprehensive score was calculated as the process evaluation index. The ethanol extraction process of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus was optimized by the Box-Behnken method. The core components of the Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus drug pair were screened out as spinosin, jujuboside A, jujuboside B, schisandrin, schisandrol, schisandrin A, and schisandrin B. The optimal extraction conditions obtained by using the Box-Behnken method were listed below: extraction time of 90 min, ethanol volume fraction of 85%, and two times of extraction. Through network pharmacology and molecular docking, the process evaluation indexes were determined, and the optimized process was stable, which could provide an experimental basis for the production of preparations containing Ziziphi Spinosae Semen-Schisandrae Sphenantherae Fructus.


Subject(s)
Ethanol , Molecular Docking Simulation , Network Pharmacology , Seeds/chemistry , Ziziphus/chemistry , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Schisandra/chemistry , Fruit/chemistry , Technology, Pharmaceutical
14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 604-608, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958449

ABSTRACT

Objective:Gasless laparoscopic surgery using lifting device was first introduced in 1993 mainly for general surgery and gynecology. Here we report its application in bifid rib treatment and explore the feasibility and safety of the surgery.Methods:From July 2008 to December 2019, according to the enrollment criteria, 278 patients of bifid ribs were treated at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Beijing Children’s Hospital, Capital Medical University, including 183 males and 95 females, the mean age was(5.7±2.5) years old. There were 242 cases of single bifid rib and 36 cases of multiple bifid ribs. The bifid ribs were more common on the right side, as 184 cases had bifid ribs on right side, while only 68 cases on the left side and 26 cases on both sides. Patients’ clinical data were retrospectively summarized and analyzed, including the patients’ gender, age, location and type of bifid rib, perioperative outcome, and follow-up.Results:All the 278 patients successfully completed the operation. The abnormality was most frequently found in the fifth rib(incidence ranking: fifth > fourth > third > sixth). The mean operation time was(64.5±16.1)min, and the mean blood loss was(4.8±2.1)ml. No serious complications occurred during the surgery. Follow-up was done for 7 to 120 months, and no recurrent patients were observed.Conclusion:Gasless endoscopy with lifting device has been used as a safe and effective method to treat bifid ribs in our hospital. This surgery leads to less injury, smaller incision, and no scars on the front chest. Gasless endoscopic surgery with lifting device can be one of the options for correcting bifid ribs.

15.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 409-412, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958421

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the clinical features, diagnosis and treatment experience of esophageal hamartoma in children.Methods:From December 2013 to December 2019, 3 cases of esophageal hamartoma were admitted to our hospital, and a retrospective analysis was conducted.Results:There were 1 male and 2 females, with an average age of 6.4 years old. The clinical manifestations were vomiting in 2 cases and dysphagia with esophageal foreign body sensation in 1 case. Esophagography, chest contrast-enhanced CT, and esophagoscopy showed esophageal stenosis or esophageal mass effectg, and esophageal dilatation above the affected segment. The tumor was found in upper esophagus in 1 case and lower esophagus in 2 cases. Tumors were complete resection in all 3 cases and the patients were discharged smoothly. All the 3 cases were followed up after surgery for 10-74 months(average 37 months), and 1 case had gastroesophageal reflux. No stenosis or recurrence was found in all the cases, and all the patients could eat normal diet.Conclusion:The main manifestations of esophageal hamartoma in children are vomiting and choking. Complete surgical resection is the main treatment method, and the prognosis is good.

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 996-999, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957774

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical manifestations, histopathological and pathogenic fungus characteristics as well as treatment of 3 cases of disseminated cutaneous alternariosis caused by Alternaria. Methods:Clinical data were collected from 3 cases of disseminated cutaneous alternariosis caused by Alternaria, who were diagnosed in Department of Dermatology, Xijing Hospital from 2019 to 2021, and clinical and histopathological features, fungal culture, strain identification and treatment results were retrospectively analyzed. Results:The 3 patients were aged 55, 41 and 46 years respectively, including 1 male and 2 females. Two patients were previously diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome and 1 with systemic lupus erythematosus. All the patients had a history of taking glucocorticoids and tacrolimus for different durations, and experienced chronic infections. Histopathological examination with hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining showed double-contour thick-walled spores and knot-shaped thick-walled septal hyphae, but no melanin in skin lesions. Sequencing of the fungal internal transcribed spacer region confirmed that 2 cases were infected with Alternaria alternate, and 1 with Alternaria infectoria. Fungal culture at different temperatures showed that the growth ability of Alternaria markedly decreased at the temperature over 35 ℃. To treat these patients, the dose of tacrolimus was reduced to less than 1/3 of the standard dose, or tacrolimus was switched to other immunosuppressants, and systemic antifungal therapy was also given at the same time. After 7-month treatment, good clinical outcomes were achieved in the 3 patients. Conclusion:Disseminated cutaneous alternariosis is characterized by bilateral hematogenous dissemination and lymphatic distribution in unilateral limbs, and the skin lesions are characterized by verrucous plaques covered with scabs, nodules and/or sinuses.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 332-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression level of β-catenin and its relationship with clinicopathology and prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC).Methods:Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of β-catenin mRNA in primary pancreatic cancer cell line and pancreatic ductal epithelial cell line HPDE6-C7 of the healthy. The data of 45 patients with PDAC confirmed by pathology at Xinjiang Medical University Cancer Hospital from June 2012 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Immunohistochemical method was used to detect the expression level of β-catenin in cancer tissues and adjacent tissues, and the correlation of β-catenin with pathological characteristics of patients with PDAC was analyzed. Cox proportional hazard model was performed to make univariate and multivariate analysis on the influencing factors of overall survival (OS).Results:The relative expression of β-catenin mRNA in primary pancreatic cancer cells was higher than that in HPDE6-C7 cell line [(3.83±0.83) vs. (1.00±0.03)], and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 3.45, P = 0.003). The high expression rate of β-catenin protein in PDAC tissues was higher than that in para-cancer tissues [68.9% (31/45) vs. 28.9% (14/45)], and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 7.50, P = 0.005). The high expression rate of β-catenin protein in PDAC patients with different tumor diameter and TNM staging had statistically significant differences ( P = 0.026, P = 0.036). The median OS time of 45 patients was 22.5 months, and that of high expression of β-catenin protein group in 31 patients was 19 months, that of low expression of β-catenin group in 14 patients was 29 months, and the difference was statistically significant ( P = 0.009). Univariate Cox analysis showed that preoperative carbohydrate antigen199 (CA199) level, tumor diameter, tumor differentiation degree and the expression level of β-catenin protein were influencing factors of OS of patients with PDAC. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that preoperative CA199 ( OR = 9.883, 95% CI 2.815-34.689, P < 0.001), tumor diameter ( OR = 6.117, 95% CI 1.578-24.179, P = 0.009), tumor differentiation degree ( OR = 3.834, 95% CI 1.158-12.697, P = 0.028), the expression level of β-catenin protein ( OR = 0.139, 95% CI 0.045-0.430, P = 0.001) were independent affecting factors of OS of patients with PADC. Conclusions:β-catenin is abnormally highly expressed in PDAC which is correlated with the disease progression of patients and may be a new indicator and therapeutic target of prognosis for PDAC patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 543-547, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933467

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Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of residual tumor after thermal ablation in patients with small hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:This was a retrospective study recruiting 107 patients diagnosed as single hepatocellular carcinoma with maximum diameter ≤3 cm from December 2009 to August 2015 in National Cancer Center. The cohort enrolled 81 males and 26 females, including 83 patients younger than 70 years old. All patients were treated with radiofrequency ablation or microwave ablation, and evaluated by CT or MRI after 4-6 weeks compared with baseline data. Potentially related factors were analyzed such as patients′ characteristics, tumor location and adjacent, ablation pattern, hepatitis B/C infection. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted for the independence of risk factors.Results:Six patients (5.6%) with residual tumor was detected in the whole population of 101 cases. Univariate analysis suggested that tumor adjacent to vascular structure, poor differentiation, AFP≥200 μg/L were the risk factors of residue disease (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression suggested that pathological type of poorly differentiated tumor was the only independent risk factor ( HR=2.26,95% CI 0.25-20.50, P=0.030). Conclusions:Poorly differentiated pathology is an independent predictive factor for residual disease in small hepatocellular carcinoma after thermal ablation. Such patients should be routinely followed up after operation.

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Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 695-702, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955771

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Objective:To analyze the epidemic situation of plague among animals in the foci of Meriones unguiculatus in Inner Mongolia Plateau, and to find out key influencing factors affecting the epidemic of the plague, and to provide theoretical basis for the prediction, early warning and risk assessment of the plague. Methods:The monitoring data including gerbils density, gerbils body flea index, plague epidemic intensity, etc., as well as environmental data including temperature, precipitation and El Ni?o activity (Southern Oscillation Index, SOI) from 19 banners (counties, cities and districts) in Ulanqab Plateau area, the foci of Meriones unguiculatus in Inner Mongolia Plateau were selected. The methods of correlation analysis, structural equation model and rank correlation were used to analyze the epidemic and key influencing factors of plague among animals in the foci. Results:The plague epidemic cycle in the foci of Meriones unguiculatus in Inner Mongolia Plateau was 5 to 10 years. The correlation analysis results showed that all the factors had influence on each other. Structural equation model screened out that the main influencing factors of plague epidemic were SOI, gerbils density and temperature. SOI had a negative effect on plague epidemic intensity (-0.022) and temperature (-0.029), while gerbils density had a positive effect on plague epidemic intensity (0.014), and temperature had a negative effect on plague epidemic intensity (-0.065). In rank correlation, when the gerbils density was at a high value, the probability of high plague epidemic intensity in that year was 4/9; when SOI was at a low value, the probability was 5/9; when the temperature was at a low value, the probability was 5/9. When the plague epidemic intensity was at a high value in that year, the probability of the plague epidemic intensity being high in the following year was 5/8; when the gerbils density was at a high value in that year, the probability was 4/9; when SOI was at a low value in that year, the probability was 4/9. Conclusion:Climate and biological factors can affect prevalence of plague, and countermeasures should be taken in advance to prevent plague outbreaks when El Ni?o phenomenon, low temperature, high density of gerbils, and high previous-year prevalence of plague appear.

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Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 473-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936339

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct a pan-cancer analysis of the expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) MIR22HG and explore its association with clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the expression of MIR22HG in different tumors and its association with clinical staging, lymph node metastasis, tumor mutation burden (TMB) and microsatellite instability (MSI) using R package based on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) datasets. The relationship between MIR22HG expression and infiltrating immune cells was analyzed using TIMER algorithm. The association of MIR22HG gene alteration frequency with the clinical outcomes was examined using cBioPortal online software. Data form Genomics of Drug Sensitivity in Cancer (GDSC) were used to analyze the relationship between MIR22HG and the sensitivity of chemotherapy drugs. We specifically analyzed MIR22HG expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and its correlation with sorafenib treatment using GEO database and verified the results in 12 pairs of HCC specimens. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to analyze the correlation of MIR22HG with the outcomes of sorafenib treatment. We also tested the effects of MIR22HG overexpression and knockdown on IC50 of sorafenib in HCC cells.@*RESULTS@#MIR22HG was downregulated in most tumors (P < 0.05), where its deletion mutations were frequent, and associated with a poor prognosis (P < 0.05). In many tumors, MIR22HG expression level was correlated with clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, TMB, MSI, immune cell infiltration, immune checkpoint-related genes, and sensitivity to common chemotherapeutic drugs (P < 0.05). Among the 6 common infiltrating immune cells in cancers, neutrophil infiltration had the strongest correlation with MIR22HG expression level, especially in breast cancer, rectal cancer and kidney renal papillary cell carcinoma (P < 0.05). MIR22HG was downregulated in HCC in association with HCC progression (P < 0.05). In HCC patients, a low MIR22HG expression was associated with a favorable outcome after sorafenib treatment (HR=2.94, P=0.075) and was capable of predicting the response to sorafenib treatment (AUC=0.8095). Compared with the negative control, MIR22HG overexpression obviously reduced sorafenib sensitivity (with IC50 of 7.731 vs 15.61) while MIR22HG knockdown increased sorafenib sensitivity of HCC cells (with IC50 of 7.986 vs 5.085).@*CONCLUSION@#MIR22HG expression level is correlated with clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, TMB, MSI, immune cell infiltration, and chemosensitivity in most cancer, suggesting its potential as an immunotherapeutic target and also a prognostic biomarker for tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Microsatellite Instability , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Sorafenib/pharmacology
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