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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881073

ABSTRACT

Qing-Fei-Pai-Du decoction (QFPDD) is a Chinese medicine compound formula recommended for combating corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by National Health Commission of the People's Republic of China. The latest clinical study showed that early treatment with QFPDD was associated with favorable outcomes for patient recovery, viral shedding, hospital stay, and course of the disease. However, the effective constituents of QFPDD remain unclear. In this study, an UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS based method was developed to identify the chemical constituents in QFPDD and the absorbed prototypes as well as the metabolites in mice serum and tissues following oral administration of QFPDD. A total of 405 chemicals, including 40 kinds of alkaloids, 162 kinds of flavonoids, 44 kinds of organic acids, 71 kinds of triterpene saponins and 88 kinds of other compounds in the water extract of QFPDD were tentatively identified via comparison with the retention times and MS/MS spectra of the standards or refereed by literature. With the help of the standards and in vitro metabolites, 195 chemical components (including 104 prototypes and 91 metabolites) were identified in mice serum after oral administration of QFPDD. In addition, 165, 177, 112, 120, 44, 53 constituents were identified in the lung, liver, heart, kidney, brain, and spleen of QFPDD-treated mice, respectively. These findings provided key information and guidance for further investigation on the pharmacologically active substances and clinical applications of QFPDD.


Subject(s)
Administration, Oral , Alkaloids/analysis , Animals , COVID-19 , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Flavonoids/analysis , Mice , SARS-CoV-2 , Saponins/analysis , Triterpenes/analysis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880242

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cullin1 is a representative member of the Cullin family, and it plays an important role in the ubiquitination of cell cycle, transcription and signal transduction related proteins. Cullin1 is closely related to the occurrence and development of a variety of malignant tumors. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Cullin1 on biological function of lung adenocarcinoma A549 and H1395 Cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of Cullin1 mRNA was detected by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction in lung adenocarcinoma cells (A549, H358, H1395, H1650) and human normal lung epithelial cells BEAS-2B, siRNA technology was used to interfere with lung adenocarcinoma cells with relatively high expression of Cullin1 mRNA; cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, early cell apoptosis, invasion and migration ability were detected by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium assay (MTT), flow cytometry and Transwell experiment; Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1), Cyclin D1, Cyclin E2, p21 and p27.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the BEAS-2B cell, Cullin1 mRNA was highly expressed in lung adenocarcinoma cells, especially in lung adenocarcinoma A549 and H1395 cells (P<0.05). The proliferation ability of lung adenocarcinoma cells was inhibited after interference with Cullin1, and the number of cells in G1 phase increased, the number of cells in S phase decreased, and the early apoptosis rate of lung adenocarcinoma cells is significantly increased (P<0.05); The invasion and migration ability of lung adenocarcinoma cells decreased (P<0.05). After interference with Cullin1, the protein expression of MMP-9, MMP-2, CyclinD1 and CyclinE2 decreased (P<0.05), while the expression of TIMP-1, p21 and p27 protein increased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Interference with Cullin1 inhibits the proliferation, invasion and migration of lung adenocarcinoma A549 and H1395 cells, Cullin1 plays a role in promoting cancer in lung adenocarcinoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880178

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze and predict the effect of coronavirus infection on hematopoietic system and potential intervention drugs, and explore their significance for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The gene expression omnibus (GEO) database was used to screen the whole genome expression data related with coronavirus infection. The R language package was used for differential expression analysis and KEGG/GO enrichment analysis. The core genes were screened by PPI network analysis using STRING online analysis website. Then the self-developed apparent precision therapy prediction platform (EpiMed) was used to analyze diseases, drugs and related target genes.@*RESULTS@#A database in accordance with the criteria was found, which was derived from SARS coronavirus. A total of 3606 differential genes were screened, including 2148 expression up-regulated genes and 1458 expression down-regulated genes. GO enrichment mainly related with viral infection, hematopoietic regulation, cell chemotaxis, platelet granule content secretion, immune activation, acute inflammation, etc. KEGG enrichment mainly related with hematopoietic function, coagulation cascade reaction, acute inflammation, immune reaction, etc. Ten core genes such as PTPRC, ICAM1, TIMP1, CXCR5, IL-1B, MYC, CR2, FSTL1, SOX1 and COL3A1 were screened by protein interaction network analysis. Ten drugs with potential intervention effects, including glucocorticoid, TNF-α inhibitor, salvia miltiorrhiza, sirolimus, licorice, red peony, famciclovir, cyclosporine A, houttuynia cordata, fluvastatin, etc. were screened by EpiMed plotform.@*CONCLUSION@#SARS coronavirus infection can affect the hematopoietic system by changing the expression of a series of genes. The potential intervention drugs screened on these grounds are of useful reference significance for the basic and clinical research of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Computational Biology , Follistatin-Related Proteins , Hematopoietic System , Humans , Pharmaceutical Preparations , SARS-CoV-2
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879153

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the extraction rate of crude polysaccharides and the yield of polysaccharides from Hippocampus served as test indicators. The comprehensive evaluation indicators were assigned by the R language combined with the entropy weight method. The Box-Behnken design-response surface methodology(BBD-RSM) and the deep neural network(DNN) were employed to screen the optimal parameters for the polysaccharide extraction from Hippocampus. These two modeling methods were compared and verified experimentally for the process optimization. This study provides a reference for the industrialization of effective component extraction from Chinese medicinals and achieves the effective combination of modern technology and traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Dietary Carbohydrates , Hippocampus , Neural Networks, Computer , Polysaccharides , Temperature
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878920

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the chemical constituents from the aerial parts of Thymus przewalskii. The chemical consti-tuents were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel, ODS, Sephadex LH-20 and semi-prepared HPLC, and their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four flavanones were isolated from the ethanol extract of the aerial parts of T. przewalskii, and identified as(2S)-5,6-dihydroxy-7,8,4'-trimethoxyflavanone(1), 5,4'-dihydroxy-6,7-dimethoxyflavanone(2),(2S)-5,4'-dihydroxy-7,8-dimethoxyflavanone(3), sakuranetin(4), respectively. Compound 1 was a new compound and its configuration was determined by CD spectrum, compound 3 was natural product which was isolated for the first time and their configurations were determined by CD spectra. Compound 2 was isolated from the genus Thymus for the first time and compound 4 was isolated from T. przewalskii for the first time. Furthermore, cytotoxicity test was assayed for the four flavanones. They exhibited weak cytotoxicity against human lung cancer cells(A549), with the IC_(50) from 74.5 to 135.6 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Flavanones , Humans
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877552

ABSTRACT

According to the etiology, allergic diseases are related to wind and heat; according to the pathogenesis, most of allergic diseases are


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Hot Temperature , Humans , Hypersensitivity/therapy , Meridians
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876181

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic in Huangpu District of Shanghai, and to provide scientific evidence for prevention and control of COVID-19. Methods Descriptive statistics were used to study the suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 reported from January 21 through March 10, 2020 in Huangpu District, Shanghai. Results A total of 120 suspected cases of COVID-19 were reported, of which 12 were diagnosed and 108 were excluded.The first confirmed case was reported on January 21, and the last case was on February 10; the majority (11/12) of the confirmed cases were reported from January 21 through February 1.The average duration of time from the symptom onset to the first medical visit was 2.6 days, whereas the average duration from the first medical visit to the hospital diagnosis was 2.2 days.There were 15 suspected cases with a confirmed history of residence or tourism in Wuhan, in which 6 were confirmed cases.Moreover, 5 suspected cases had a confirmed history of contact with other confirmed cases, in which 3 were confirmed cases.Thus, exposure in Wuhan and exposure to confirmed cases were the most significant risk factors at this stage of the epidemic. Conclusion The 12 cases identified in Huangpu District of Shanghai are all adults, half of whom had confirmed history of exposure in Wuhan.The first cluster of COVID-19 cases in Shanghai is documented in Huangpu District.Epidemiological investigation reveals that the confirmed cases might be infectious the day before the symptom onset.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-849642

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze and predict hematopoietic injury caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and potential therapeutic drugs, and to provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment of the hematopoietic injury. Methods The gene expression omnibus (GEO) database was used to screen the whole genome expression data related to SARS-CoV-2 infection. The R language package was used for differential expression analysis and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) and Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis. The core genes were screened by protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis using STRING online analysis website. Then the self-developed apparent precision therapy prediction platform (EpiMed) was used to analyze diseases, drugs and related target genes. Results A total of 222 differential genes were screened, including 172 up-regulated and 50 down-regulated. GO enrichment analysis suggested that gene is mainly related to type I interferon response, cell cycle regulation, inflammatory cell migration, innate immune response, secretion of blood particles and vesicles, chemokines and their receptors. KEGG enrichment analysis suggested that gene is mainly related to viral infection, myocardial injury, complement and coagulation cascade, cell chemotaxis, platelet activation, acute inflammation, immune response, cellular signal transduction and so on. Ten core genes such as STAT1, IL-6, IRF7, TNF, MX1, ISG15, IFIH1, IRF9, DDX58 and GBP1were screened by PPI network analysis. EpiMed screened 10 drugs with potential intervention effects, including Rabdosia rubescens, sirolimus, glucocorticoid, Houttuynia cordata, Polygonum multiflorum, Red peony, tretinoin, Glycyrrhiza, cyclosporine A, fluvastatin and so on. Conclusions SARS-CoV-2 infection can damage the hematopoietic system by changing the expression of a series of genes. The potential intervention drugs screened from this have certain reference significance for the basic and clinical research of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the percentage of the measured values of the main pulmonary ventilation function parameters in their predicted values based on Zapletal equation among healthy children aged 5-14 years in Kunming, China, and to provide a basis for accurate judgment of pulmonary ventilation function in clinical practice.@*METHODS@#A total of 702 healthy children aged 5-14 years (352 boys and 350 girls) from Kunming were enrolled. The Jaeger spirometer was used to measure the nine indices:forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), ratio of forced expiratory volume in one second to forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC), maximal mid-expiratory flow (MMEF), forced expiratory flow at 25% of forced vital capacity (FEF25), forced expiratory flow at 50% of forced vital capacity (FEF50), forced expiratory flow at 75% of forced vital capacity (FEF75), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV). The values obtained from the Zapletal equation of predicted values provided by the spirometer were used as the predicted values of children, and the percentage of measured values in predicted values was calculated.@*RESULTS@#In the 702 children, the percentages of the measured values of the main pulmonary ventilation function parameters PEF, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, and MVV in their predicted values fluctuated from 102% to 114%, 94% to 108%, 98% to 113%, 98% to 107%, and 141% to 183% respectively. As for the main airway velocity parameters, the percentages of the measured values of FEF25, FEF50, FEF75, and MMEF in their predicted values fluctuated from 98% to 116%, 85% to 102%, 71% to 98%, and 83% to 100% respectively. The percentages of the measured values of PEF, FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, MVV, FEF25, FEF50, FEF75, and MMEF in their predicted values had the lower limits of normal of 88.2%, 88.4%, 92.0%, 94.4%, 118.5%, 82.9%, 70.0%, 62.1%, and 70.1% respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are differences between pulmonary ventilation function parameter levels and normal values provided by Zapletal equation in healthy children aged 5-14 years in Kunming. As for the pulmonary ventilation function parameters of PEF, FVC, FEV, FEV1/FVC, MVV, FEF25, FEF50, FEF75, and MMEF in these children, the lower limits of normal of measured values in predicted values may be determined as 88.2%, 88.4%, 92.0%, 94.4%, 118.5%, 82.9%, 70.0%, 62.1%, and 70.1% respectively.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung/physiology , Male , Pulmonary Ventilation , Reference Values , Vital Capacity
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 361-370, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827052

ABSTRACT

Stress is the non-specific systemic response that occurs when the body is stimulated by various factors, and it can affect multiple systems of the body. Recent studies have shown that gut microbiota is an essential part of human microecology, and plays a pivotal role in keeping the body healthy. Stress can result in gut dysbiosis by affecting the function of intestinal mucosal barrier, intestinal immune and gastrointestinal motility. This article reviewed the alteration of gut microbiota caused by stress and the possible mechanisms involved.


Subject(s)
Dysbiosis , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Gastrointestinal Motility , Humans , Intestinal Mucosa
12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 86-92,f4, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799706

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the prognostic factors of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) after surgical resection and establish a nomogram for survival prediction.@*Methods@#A total of 160 patients with ICC who underwent surgical resection in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 89 patients were males and 71 were females, aged from 29 to 81 years with a age of (57.41±10.35) years. Observation indicators included: (1) The result of follow-up: postoperative survival. (2) The univariate analysis and multivariate analysis affecting postoperative patients′ prognosis. (3) The establishment and validation of nomogram model. The follow-up using outpatient and telephone was performed once every 3 months within 1 year postoperatively and once every 3-6 months after 1 year postoperatively up to August 1, 2019. The follow-up included liver function, CA19-9, upper abdominal ultrasound, CT or MRI. The overall postoperative survival time, end point of observation, was the date from the operation date to the follow-up date, or the date of death due to tumor recurrence and metastasis. The patients′ clinicopathological data was included in the prognostic factor analysis, the Kaplan-meier method and Log-rank test were conducted for the univariate analysis, the Cox proportional risk regression model was used for the multivariate analysis. The independent risk factors based on Cox regression model were screened to establish a nomogram for postoperative survival prediction. The patients were divided into the model group (n=112) for the establishment of survival nomogram and the validation group (n=48) for the assessment of predictive ability at a ratio of 7∶3, and the accuracy of nomogram in postoperative survival prediction was assessed by c-index. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed with (Mean±SD). Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range). Count data were expressed as cases and percentage.@*Results@#During the follow-up period, all patients with ICC after surgical resection were followed up for a survival time of 20 months (2-111 months). 100 patients died of multiple organ failure caused by tumor recurrence and metastasis and 60 patients survived. The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates of patients were 63.3%, 30.0% and 19.6%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that CA19-9, hepatolithiasis, number of tumor, range of liver resection, tumor differentiation, pathology type, tumor diameter, vascular invasion, TNM stage, lymphatic metastasis, satellite foci and surgical margin were the prognostic factors of ICC patients after surgical resection (HR=1.78, 1.97, 2.91, 1.89, 3.06, 2.86, 2.07, 1.94, 2.24, 1.95, 2.68, 2.00, 95%CI: 1.12-2.85, 1.22-3.16, 1.85-4.56, 1.26-2.85, 1.38-6.82, 1.31-6.25, 1.37-3.14, 1.07-3.51, 1.24-4.06, 1.26-3.01, 1.28-5.60, 1.11-3.59, P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that hepatolithiasis, number of tumor, range of liver resection, tumor differentiation (low differentiation) and pathology type were independent risk factors of ICC patients after surgical resection (HR=2.47, 2.37, 2.06, 5.52, 5.72, 95%CI: 1.39-4.38, 1.44-3.91, 1.25-3.40, 1.24-24.49, 2.31-14.17, P<0.05). The nomogram was established based on above five independent risk factors, the c-index value for postoperative survival of the model group and validation group were 0.71 (95%CI: 0.64-0.79) and 0.71(95%CI: 0.61-0.81), respectively.@*Conclusion@#A nomogram based on hepatolithiasis, number of tumor, range of liver resection, tumor differentiation and pathology type has better accuracy in postoperative survival prediction for patients with ICC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799085

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the ultrasound examination and computed tomography angiography (CTA) features of carotid web(CAW), and compare with the pathology after carotid endarterectomy, and then compare diagnostic efficacies of the two methods.@*Methods@#From June 2018 to July 2019, 159 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy(CEA) in Beijing Tian Tan Hospital were collected, ultrasound examination and CTA were performed preoperatively. The presence or absence of CAW and whether there were thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques associated with it were identified. The location length, thickness, direction in the lumen, echo characteristics of CAW, and complicated with or without thrombosis or atherosclerotic plaques were recorded. The postoperative specimens were observed, and the pathological analysis was performed.@*Results@#Among the 159 cases of CEA, 22 cases were confirmed to have CAW structure by pathology, and HE staining showed extensive intimal fibrohyperplasia and mucoid degeneration, among which 18 cases had plaque formation at the bottom of the carotid web, and 4 cases associated with thrombosis. There were 17 cases of CAW structure diagnosed by ultrasound, 5 cases were misdiagnosed or missed, the sensitivity and specificity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW were 77% (17/22) and 98% (135/137), and the accuracy was 75%. Eleven cases of CAW were diagnosed by preoperative CTA, and 11 cases were misdiagnosed and missed diagnosis, the sensitivity and specificity of CTA in the diagnosis of CAW were 50%(11/22) and 97%(134/137), and the accuracy was 47%.@*Conclusions@#The sensitivity of ultrasound in the diagnosis of CAW is higher than that of CTA, which can better display the structure of CAW and whether it is associated with plaque or thrombosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793312

ABSTRACT

Objective The aim is to investigate the correlation between bisphenol A (BPA) exposure and tumor tissue ceramide (Cer) as well as serum tumor markers in colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods The morning urine and CRC tumor tissue were collected from 84 patients with CRC. The concentration of urine BPA was determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometer (LC-MS), urine BPA concentration was corrected with creatinine (Cr). Cer concentration of CRC tumor tissue was detected by Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The correlations of urine BPAcr, Cer content of CRC tumor tissue and tumor markers were analyzed. Results Cer content in CRC tumor tissue was positively correlated with BPAcr (r=0.784, P<0.001). Regression analysis showed that the regression coefficient of Cer content in CRC tumor tissue and BPAcr was 0.218 (95% CI: 0.18-0.26), which was statistically significant (P<0.001). There were significantly differences in CRC tumor tissue Cer and urine BPAcr between the CEA positive and negative groups, CA125 positive and negative groups, and CA19-9 positive and negative groups (all P<0.05), while there was no significant difference between AFP positive and negative groups in CRC tumor tissue Cer and urine BPAcr (P=0.247). Serum CEA, CA125 and CA19-9 were positively correlated with urine BPAcr (r values were 0.348, 0.251, 0.281, respectively, all P<0.05) and Cer content in CRC tumor tissue (r values were 0.265, 0.309, 0.263, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions BPA exposure may cause an increase of Cer in CRC tumor tissue and abnormalities in serum tumor markers, suggesting that BPA exposure may participate in the development and occurance of CRC by affecting the metabolism of Cer in CRC tumor tissue.

15.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1182-1190, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826737

ABSTRACT

An ultimate goal of neuroscience is to decipher the principles underlying neuronal information processing at the molecular, cellular, circuit, and system levels. The advent of miniature fluorescence microscopy has furthered the quest by visualizing brain activities and structural dynamics in animals engaged in self-determined behaviors. In this brief review, we summarize recent advances in miniature fluorescence microscopy for neuroscience, focusing mostly on two mainstream solutions - miniature single-photon microscopy, and miniature two-photon microscopy. We discuss their technical advantages and limitations as well as unmet challenges for future improvement. Examples of preliminary applications are also presented to reflect on a new trend of brain imaging in experimental paradigms involving body movements, long and complex protocols, and even disease progression and aging.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2078-2083, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826596

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has the propensity to lead to venous tumor thrombus (VTT). Nephrectomy with tumor thrombectomy is an effective treatment option but is a technically challenging surgical procedure that is accompanied by a high rate of complications. The aims of this study were to investigate pre-operative imaging parameters for the assessment of inferior vena cava (IVC) wall invasion due to a tumor thrombus in patients with RCC and to identify predictors from the intra-operative findings.@*METHODS@#Clinical and imaging data were collected from 110 patients who underwent nephrectomy with IVC tumor thrombectomy (levels I-IV) for RCC and IVC tumor thrombus at the Peking University Third Hospital between May 2015 and March 2018. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to assess the correlations between pre-operative imaging features and intra-operative macroscopic invasions of the IVC wall by tumor thrombus.@*RESULTS@#Among the 110 patients, 41 underwent partial or segmental resection of IVC. There were univariate associations of pre-operative imaging parameters that could be used to predict the need for IVC resection, including those of the Mayo classification, maximum anterior-posterior (AP) diameter of the renal vein at the renal vein ostium (RVo), maximum AP diameter of the VTT at the RVo and IVC occlusion. For the multivariable analysis, the AP diameter of the VTT at the RVo and IVC occlusion were associated with a significantly increased risk of invasion of the IVC wall by tumor thrombus. The optimum imaging thresholds included an AP diameter of the VTT at the RVo larger than 17.0 mm and the presence of IVC occlusion, with which we predicted invasions of the IVC wall requiring IVC resection. The probabilities of intra-operative IVC resection for patients without both independent factors, with an AP diameter of the VTT at the RVo larger than 17.0 mm, with IVC occlusion, and with both concurrent factors were 5%, 23%, 56%, and 66%, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#An increase in the AP VTT diameter at the RVo and the presence of complete occlusion of the IVC are independent risk factors for a high probability of IVC wall invasion by tumor thrombus.

17.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 598-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821835

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on whether the occurrence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADIH) is associated with the polymorphism of CYP2E gene and methylation level. This study aims to CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and the relationship between the methylation level of the promoter region and ADIH in Mongolian tuberculosis (TB) patients.Methods A total of 135 Mongolian TB patients who received standardized treatment at the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia from November 2015 to June 2018 were selected. According to the ADIH criteria, TB patients with liver injury were selected as the ADIH group (n=45), and TB patients without liver injury were matched as the control group based on a ratio of 1∶2 (n=90). DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to amplify the CYP2E1 gene to determine the CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, and to analyze the CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and relationship between ADIH and promoter methylation level.Results There were no significant differences in the distribution of CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, C1 and C2 gene frequencies between the ADIH group and the control group (P>0.05). The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene in ADIH group (0.711±0.085) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.759±0.062). Results of Logistic regression showed that the overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was the influencing factor for the occurrence of ADIH (P<0.005). For each 0.1 unit increase of methylation level, the risk of ADIH occurrence reduced by 0.388 times, and the OR (95% CI) value was 0.388 (between 0.204 and 0.739).Conclusion The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was reduced in Mongolian ADIH patients, but the polymorphism of CYP2E1 gene was not related to the occurrence of ADIH. These results suggested that CYP2E1 methylation could be applied to the prevention and treatment of ADIH in patients with tuberculosis.

18.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 598-603, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821815

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThere are few studies on whether the occurrence of anti-tuberculosis drug-induced liver injury (ADIH) is associated with the polymorphism of CYP2E gene and methylation level. This study aims to CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and the relationship between the methylation level of the promoter region and ADIH in Mongolian tuberculosis (TB) patients.Methods A total of 135 Mongolian TB patients who received standardized treatment at the Tuberculosis Research Institute of Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia from November 2015 to June 2018 were selected. According to the ADIH criteria, TB patients with liver injury were selected as the ADIH group (n=45), and TB patients without liver injury were matched as the control group based on a ratio of 1∶2 (n=90). DNA extraction and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to amplify the CYP2E1 gene to determine the CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, and to analyze the CYP2E1 gene polymorphism and relationship between ADIH and promoter methylation level.Results There were no significant differences in the distribution of CYP2E1 rs2031920 genotype, C1 and C2 gene frequencies between the ADIH group and the control group (P>0.05). The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene in ADIH group (0.711±0.085) was significantly lower than that of the control group (0.759±0.062). Results of Logistic regression showed that the overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was the influencing factor for the occurrence of ADIH (P<0.005). For each 0.1 unit increase of methylation level, the risk of ADIH occurrence reduced by 0.388 times, and the OR (95% CI) value was 0.388 (between 0.204 and 0.739).Conclusion The overall methylation level in the promoter region of CYP2E1 gene was reduced in Mongolian ADIH patients, but the polymorphism of CYP2E1 gene was not related to the occurrence of ADIH. These results suggested that CYP2E1 methylation could be applied to the prevention and treatment of ADIH in patients with tuberculosis.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828573

ABSTRACT

Objective Hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) is invariably fatal without surgical resection. The primary aim of the current study was to determine the safety of variable surgical resections for patient with HC and their survival after surgical resection. In addition, prognostic factor for the overall survival was also evaluated. Methods The study included 59 consecutive patients who were newly diagnosed with HC and underwent surgical resections with curative intend between February 2009 and February 2017. Patients were followed up at 3-6 months intervals after hospital discharge. Postoperative complications and overall survival were determined. Associations of clinicopathologic and surgeon-related factors with overall survival were evaluated through univariate analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results Of patients with Bismuth and Corlette (B & C) type Ⅲ (=19) and Ⅳ (=25) HC lesions, 33 (55.9%) were treated with hilar resection combined with major liver resection (MLR), while the other 11 patients with type Ⅲ and Ⅳ, and those with type Ⅰ (=8) and Ⅱ (=7) HC lesions were treated with hilar resection. The overall surgical mortality was 5.1% and surgical morbidity was 35.6%. There was no statistical difference in the mortality between MLR group and hilar resection group (6.1% 3.8%; =0.703, =0.145). The median follow-up period was 18 months (range, 1-94 months). The 1-, 3-, 5-year survival rate was 59.3%, 36.5%, and 17.7%, respectively. The overall survival after resections was 18 months. In HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions, the median survival was 23 months for hilar resection with MLR and 8 months for hilar resection alone; the 1-, 3-, 5-year cumulative survival rate was 63.9%, 23.3%, and 15.5%, respectively for hilar resection with MLR, and 11.1%, 0, and 0, respectively for hilar resection alone, with significant differene observed (, 9.902; 95% , 2.636-19.571, =0.001). Four factors were independently associated with overall survival: preoperative serum Ca19-9 (, 7.039; 95% , 2.803-17.678, <0.001), histopathologic grade (, 4.964; 95% , 1.046-23.552, =0.044), surgical margins (=0.031), and AJCC staging (=0.015). Conclusions R0 resection is efficacious in surgical treatment of HC. MLR in combination with caudate lobe resection may increase the chance of R0 resection and improve survival of HC patients with B & C type Ⅲ and Ⅳ lesions. Preoperatively prepared for biliary drainage may ensure the safety of MLR in most HC patients. Novel adjuvant therapies are needed to improve the survival of HC patients with poor prognostic factors.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828391

ABSTRACT

This study is to explore the effect of Qingfei Paidu Decoction(QPD) on the host metabolism and gut microbiome of rats with metabolomics and 16 S rDNA sequencing. Based on 16 S rDNA sequencing of gut microbiome and metabolomics(GC-MS and LC-MS/MS), we systematically studied the serum metabolites profile and gut microbiota composition of rats treated with QPD for continued 5 days by oral gavage. A total of 23 and 43 differential metabolites were identified based on QPD with GC-MS and LC-MS/MS, respectively. The involved metabolic pathways of these differential metabolites included glycerophospholipid metabolism, linoleic acid metabolism, TCA cycle and pyruvate metabolism. Meanwhile, we found that QPD significantly regulated the composition of gut microbiota in rats, such as enriched Romboutsia, Turicibacter, and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, and decreased norank_f_Lachnospiraceae. Our current study indicated that short-term intervention of QPD could significantly regulate the host metabolism and gut microbiota composition of rats dose-dependently, suggesting that the clinical efficacy of QPD may be related with the regulation on host metabolism and gut microbiome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bacteria , Classification , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Metabolomics , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
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