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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 457-462, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964815

ABSTRACT

Hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) is a parasitic disease caused by Echinococcus multilocularis infection and has wide distribution and great harm in China. At present, ultrasound, CT, and MRI are the main radiological examination methods for HAE, with certain limitations in preoperative diagnosis and evaluation. This article introduces the guiding effect of three-dimensional visualization technique and its derivative technologies in the accurate diagnosis and preoperative evaluation of HAE, so as to provide help for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of HAE in the future.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 340-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984728

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of lung metastasis in patients with cervical cancer after treatment. Methods: The clinicopathological data of 191 patients with lung metastasis of stage Ⅰa-Ⅲb cervical cancer (FIGO 2009 stage) treated in Sichuan Cancer Hospital from January 2007 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. Kaplan Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for prognostic factors analysis. Results: Among 191 patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer, pulmonary metastasis was found in 134 patients (70.2%) during follow-up examination, and 57 patients (29.8%) had clinical symptoms (cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, hemoptysis, and fever). The time from the initial treatment of cervical cancer to the discovery of lung metastasis was 1-144 months in the whole group, with a median time of 19 months. Univariate analysis of the prognosis of lung metastasis after treatment of cervical cancer showed that the diameter of cervical tumor, lymph node metastasis, positive surgical margin, disease-free interval after treatment of cervical cancer, whether it is accompanied by other metastasis, the number, location and maximum diameter of lung metastasis, and the treatment method after lung metastasis are related to the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer. Multivariate analysis showed that the number of lung metastases and other site metastases in addition to lung metastases were independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with lung metastases of cervical cancer (P<0.05). Conclusions: For patients with cervical cancer, attention should be paid to chest CT examination during follow-up to guard against the possibility of lung metastasis after treatment. Besides lung metastasis, other site metastasis and the number of lung metastasis are independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer. For patients with lung metastasis after treatment of cervical cancer, surgical treatment is an effective treatment. It is necessary to strictly grasp the surgical indications, and some patients can achieve long-term survival. For patients with lung metastasis of cervical cancer who are not suitable for resection of lung metastasis, the remedial treatment of chemotherapy with or without radiotherapy is still a recommended choice.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Prognosis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Retrospective Studies , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Survival Rate
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 172-184, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971478

ABSTRACT

Auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD) represents a variety of sensorineural deafness conditions characterized by abnormal inner hair cells and/or auditory nerve function, but with the preservation of outer hair cell function. ANSD represents up to 15% of individuals with hearing impairments. Through mutation screening, bioinformatic analysis and expression studies, we have previously identified several apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) mitochondria-associated 1 (AIFM1) variants in ANSD families and in some other sporadic cases. Here, to elucidate the pathogenic mechanisms underlying each AIFM1 variant, we generated AIF-null cells using the clustered regularly interspersed short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) system and constructed AIF-wild type (WT) and AIF-mutant (mut) (p.‍T260A, p.‍R422W, and p.‍R451Q) stable transfection cell lines. We then analyzed AIF structure, coenzyme-binding affinity, apoptosis, and other aspects. Results revealed that these variants resulted in impaired dimerization, compromising AIF function. The reduction reaction of AIF variants had proceeded slower than that of AIF-WT. The average levels of AIF dimerization in AIF variant cells were only 34.5%‍‒‍49.7% of that of AIF-WT cells, resulting in caspase-independent apoptosis. The average percentage of apoptotic cells in the variants was 12.3%‍‒‍17.9%, which was significantly higher than that (6.9%‍‒‍7.4%) in controls. However, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) treatment promoted the reduction of apoptosis by rescuing AIF dimerization in AIF variant cells. Our findings show that the impairment of AIF dimerization by AIFM1 variants causes apoptosis contributing to ANSD, and introduce NADH as a potential drug for ANSD treatment. Our results help elucidate the mechanisms of ANSD and may lead to the provision of novel therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis Inducing Factor/metabolism , NAD/metabolism , Dimerization , Apoptosis
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3287-3293, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981466

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to study the chemical constituents from the root bark of Schisandra sphenanthera. Silica, Sephadex LH-20 and RP-HPLC were used to separate and purify the 80% ethanol extract of S. sphenanthera. Eleven compounds were identified by ~1H-NMR, ~(13)C-NMR, ESI-MS, etc., which were 2-[2-hydroxy-5-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methoxyphenyl]-propane-1,3-diol(1), threo-7-methoxyguaiacylglycerol(2),4-O-(2-hydroxy-1-hydroxymethylethyl)-dihydroconiferylalcohol(3), morusin(4), sanggenol A(5), sanggenon I(6), sanggenon N(7), leachianone G(8),(+)-catechin(9), epicatechin(10), and 7,4'-dimethoxyisoflavone(11). Among them, compound 1 was a new compound, and compounds 2-9 were isolated from S. sphenanthera for the first time. Compounds 2-11 were subjected to cell viability assay, and the results revealed that compounds 4 and 5 had potential cytotoxicity, and compound 4 also had potential antiviral activity.


Subject(s)
Schisandra , Plant Bark , Antiviral Agents , Biological Assay , Catechin , Phenols
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2876-2895, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981422

ABSTRACT

Microbial transformation is an efficient enzymatic approach for the structural modification of exogenous compounds to obtain derivatives. Compared with traditional chemical synthesis, the microbial transformation has in fact the undoubtable advantages of strong region-and stereo-selectivity, and a low environmental and economic impact on the production process, which can achieve the reactions challenging to chemical synthesis. Because microbes are equipped with a broad-spectrum of enzymes and therefore can metabolize various substrates, they are not only a significant route for obtaining novel active derivatives, but also an effective tool for mimicking mammal metabolism in vitro. Artemisinin, a sesquiterpene with a peroxy-bridged structure serving as the main active functional group, is a famous antimalarial agent discovered from Artemisia annua L. Some sesquiterpenoids, such as dihydroartemisinin, artemether, and arteether, have been developed on the basis of artemisinin, which have been successfully marketed and become the first-line antimalarial drugs recommended by WHO. As revealed by pharmacological studies, artemisinin and its derivatives have exhibited extensive biological activities, including antimalarial, antitumor, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory. As an efficient approach for structural modification, microbial transformation of artemisinin and its derivatives is an increasingly popular strategy that attracts considerable attention recently, and numerous novel derivatives have been discovered. Herein, this paper reviewed the microbial transformation of artemisinin and its artemisinin, including microbial strains, culture conditions, product isolation and yield, and biological activities, and summarized the advances in microbial transformation in obtaining active derivatives of artemisinin and the simulation of in vivo metabolism of drugs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antimalarials/pharmacology , Antiviral Agents , Artemether , Artemisinins , Mammals
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1705-1710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981387

ABSTRACT

Novel drug discovery from the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine is the most distinctive feature and advantageous field of China, which has provided an unprecedented opportunity. However, there are still problems such as unclear functional substance basis, action targets and mechanism, which greatly hinder the clinical transformation of active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the analysis of the current status and progress of innovative drug research and development in China, this paper aimed to explore the prospect and difficulties of the development of natural active ingredients from traditional Chinese medicine, and to explore the efficient discovery of trace active ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine, and obtain drug candidates with novel chemical structure, unique target/mechanism and independent intellectual property rights, in order to provide a new strategy and a new model for the development of natural medicine with Chinese characteristics.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Research , Drug Discovery , China
7.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2350-2355, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996391

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect and mechanism of α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) agonists PNU-282987 on cognitive function in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) model rats. METHODS Sixty rats were randomly divided into control group, model group, PNU-282987 group (3 mg/kg) and methyllycaconitine (MLA)+PNU-282987 group (6 mg/kg MLA+3 mg/kg PNU-282987), with 15 rats in each group. Except for control group, the TLE model was established in the other groups. After the model was successfully established, each group was given relevant medicine or normal saline intraperitoneally, once a day, for two consecutive weeks. The epilepsy attack of rats was observed and scored, and the duration of seizures was recorded; the cognitive function of rats was detected; pathological morphology of neurons in CA1 region was observed; the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and IL-1β in the hippocampus were detected; the positive expressions of ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule-1 (IBA-1), α7nAChR, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) p65, p-NF-κB p65 in the hippocampus were detected. RESULTS Compared with model group, the score and duration of seizures, the number of IBA-1 positive cells, the levels of TNF- α, IL-6 and IL-1β, the expressions of NF- κB p65 and p-NF- κB p65 protein decreased significantly in the hippocampus (P<0.05); the escape latency time was shortened significantly (P<0.05), the time spent in the original platform quadrant and times of crossing the platform increased significantly (P<0.05); neuronal damage in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was significantly reduced; the expression of α7nAChR protein increased significantly in hippocampus (P<0.05). Compared with PNU-282987 group, the above indexes of rats in MLA+PNU-282987 group were reversed significantly (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS PNU-282987 could improve cognitive dysfunction in TLE model rats, and its mechanism may be associated with inhibiting microglia-mediated inflammatory response through α7nAChR/NF- κB signaling pathway, thus reducing hippocampal neuronal damage.

8.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 633-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of anticardiolipin antibody (ACA) and D-dimer (D-D) combined with risk assessment profile for thromboembolism (RAPT) for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in elderly postoperative patients with intertrochanteric fracture of femur (IFF).Methods:The clinical data of 123 elderly patients with IFF in Suzhou Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University from January 2019 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent closed reduction intramedullary nail fixation. The patients were divided into DVT group (27 cases) and non-DVT group (96 cases) according to the presence or absence of DVT 7 d after surgery. Before surgery and 3, 5 d after operation, the ACA was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, the D-D was detected by automatic coagulation analyzer, and RAPT was performed. The correlation among ACA, D-D and RAPT was analyzed by Spearman method. Multivariate Logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors of DVT in elderly postoperative patients with IFF. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the efficacy of ACA, D-D and RAPT in predicting DVT in elderly postoperative patients with IFF. The incidences of postoperative DVT in patients with different ACA, D-D and RAPT patients were compared.Results:There were no statistical difference in ACA, D-D and RAPT before operation between the two groups ( P>0.05); the ACA, D-D and RAPT 3 and 5 d after operation in DVT group were significantly higher than those in the non-DVT group, 3 d after operation: (12.44 ± 3.25) × 10 3 RU/L vs. (8.67 ± 2.81) × 10 3 RU/L, (7.29 ± 1.49) mg/L vs. (4.70 ± 1.23) mg/L and (9.79 ± 1.15) scores vs. (9.21 ± 1.32) scores; 5 d after operation: (10.28 ± 2.16) × 10 3 RU/L vs. (6.45 ± 2.04) × 10 3 RU/L, (5.49 ± 1.26) mg/L vs. (3.63 ± 1.05) mg/L and (9.57 ± 1.08) scores vs. (9.12 ± 0.70) scores, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). Since ACA, D-D and RAPT in the two groups all reached their peak 3 d after operation, this time point was selected for analysis. Three days after operation, Pearson correlation analysis result showed that ACA and D-D were positively correlated with RAPT ( r = 0.635 and 0.630, P<0.01), and ACA was positively correlated with D-D ( r = 0.657, P<0.01). ROC curve analysis result showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of ACA and D-D combined RAPT 3 d after operation in predicting DVT in elderly postoperative patients with IFF was greater than that predicted by the 3 indexes alone (0.982 vs. 0.894, 0.870 and 0.868), the optimal cut-off values were 11.48 × 10 3 RU/L, 6.75 mg/L and 9 scores. According to the optimal cut-off value of ROC curve analysis at 3 d after operation, the patients were divided into ACA low expression (≤11.48 × 10 3 RU/L, 92 cases) and ACA high expression (>11.48 × 10 3 RU/L, 31 cases), D-D low expression (≤6.75 mg/L, 99 cases) and D-D high expression (>6.75 mg/L, 24 cases), low RAPT (≤9 scores, 93 cases) and high RAPT (>9 scores, 30 cases). The incidences of postoperative DVT in patients with ACA high expression, D-D high expression and high RAPT were significantly higher than those in patients with ACA low expression, D-D low expression and low RAPT: 43.39% (15/31) vs. 13.04% (12/92), 54.17% (13/24) vs. 14.14% (14/99) and 53.33% (16/30) vs. 11.83% (11/93), and there were statistical differences ( χ2 = 16.91, 18.06 and 22.81; P<0.01). After controlling for diabetes and other factors, multivariate Logistic regression analysis result showed that ACA, D-D and RAPT 3 d after operation were independent risk factors for DVT in elderly postoperative patients with IFF ( OR = 2.156, 2.276 and 6.106; 95% CI 1.356 to 3.429, 1.240 to 4.177 and 1.564 to 23.840; P<0.01). Conclusions:The ACA, D-D combined with RAPT can improve the predictive value of DVT in elderly postoperative patients with IFF, which has important reference significance for taking timely and effective intervention measures in early clinical stage.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 933-937, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990716

ABSTRACT

As a special mode of tumor metastasis, perineural invasion has been paid more and more attention. It is closely related to prognosis, recurrence and metastasis of tumor after surgery. As the most common malignancy of the biliary tract, perineural invasion is also an inde-pendent prognostic risk factor for gallbladder cancer due to its anatomical location, lymphatic reflux, blood perfusion and innervation. However, there are few studies on perineural invasion in gallbla-dder cancer, especially on its mechanism. By analyzing the general situation and recent progress of perineural invasion in gallbladder cancer, the authors mainly introduce the perineural invasion mechanism, perineural invasion rate of gallbladder cancer, relationship between perineural invasion and the clinical pathologic characteristic, the correlation with the prognosis, relationship with surgi-cal procedures and postoperative adjuvant therapy.

10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 866-872, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors of textbook outcomes in liver surgery (TOLS) after radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 530 patients who underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma in 15 medical centers, including the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University et al, from January 2014 to January 2020 were collected. There were 209 males and 321 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, including cholecystectomy, hepatectomy, invasive bile duct resection, and lymph node dissection. Observation indicators: (1) situations of TOLS; (2) influencing factors of TOLS. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Comparison of ordinal data between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. The univariate analysis was conducted using the corresponding statistical methods based on data type, and variables with P<0.10 were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic stepwise regression model. Results:(1) Situations of TOLS. All 530 patients underwent radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma, and there were 498 cases achieving R 0 resection, 508 cases without ≥grade 2 intra-operative adverse events, 456 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C biliary leakage, 513 cases without postoperative grade B and grade C liver failure, 395 cases without severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days, 501 cases did not being re-admission caused by severe com-plications within postoperative 90 days. Of the 530 patients, 54.53%(289/530) of patients achieved postoperative TOLS, while 45.47%(241/530) of patients did not achieve postoperative TOLS. (2) Influencing factors of TOLS. Results of multivariate analysis showed that American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy were independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma ( odds ratio=2.65, 1.87, 5.67, 5.65, 2.55, 3.34, 95% confidence interval as 1.22?5.72, 1.18?2.95, 2.51?12.82, 2.83?11.27, 1.41?4.63, 1.88?5.92, P<0.05). Conclusion:American Society of Anesthesiologists classification >grade Ⅱ, preoperative jaundice, T staging as T3?T4 stage, N staging as N2 stage, liver resection as right hemi-hepatectomy, and neoadjuvant therapy are independent factors influencing TOLS in patients undergoing radical resection of gallbladder carcinoma.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 445-451, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986909

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the impact of the sinonasal anatomic changes after endonasal endoscopic anterior skull base surgery on the nasal airflow and heating and humidification by computational fluid dynamics (CFD), and to explore the correlation between the postoperative CFD parameters and the subjective symptoms of the patients. Methods: The clinical data in the Rhinology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from 2016 to 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients received the endoscopic resection of the anterior skull base tumor were selected as the case group, and the adults whose CT scans had no sinonasal abnormalities were chosen as the control group. The CFD simulation was performed on the sinonasal models after reconstructed from the patients' sinus CT images during the post-surgical follow-up. All the patients were asked to complete the Empty Nose Syndrome 6-Item Questionnaire (ENS6Q) to assess the subjective symptoms. The comparison between two independent groups and the correlation analysis were carried out by using the Mann-Whitney U test and the Spearman correlation test in the SPSS 26.0 software. Results: Nineteen patients (including 8 males and 11 females, from 22 to 67 years old) in the case group and 2 patients (a male of 38 years old and a female of 45 years old) in the control group were enrolled in this study. After the anterior skull base surgery, the high-speed airflow moved to the upper part of the nasal cavity, and the lowest temperature shifted upwards on the choana. Comparing with the control group, the ratio of nasal mucosal surface area to nasal ventilation volume in the case group decreased [0.41 (0.40, 0.41) mm-1 vs 0.32 (0.30, 0.38) mm-1; Z=-2.04, P=0.041], the air flow in the upper and middle part of the nasal cavity increased [61.14 (59.78, 62.51)% vs 78.07 (76.22, 94.43)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal resistance decreased [0.024 (0.022, 0.026) Pa·s/ml vs 0.016 (0.009, 0.018) Pa·s/ml; Z=-2.29, P=0.022], the lowest temperature in the middle of the nasal cavity decreased [28.29 (27.23, 29.35)℃ vs 25.06 (24.07, 25.50)℃; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the nasal heating efficiency decreased [98.74 (97.95, 99.52)% vs 82.16 (80.24, 86.91)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], the lowest relative humidity decreased [(79.62 (76.55, 82.69)% vs 73.28 (71.27, 75.05)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023], and the nasal humidification efficiency decreased [99.50 (97.69, 101.30)% vs 86.09 (79.33, 87.16)%; Z=-2.28, P=0.023]. The ENS6Q total scores of all patients in the case group were less than 11 points. There was a moderate negative correlation between the proportion of the inferior airflow in the post-surgical nasal cavity negatively and the ENS6Q total scores (rs=-0.50, P=0.029). Conclusions: The sinonasal anatomic changes after the endoscopic anterior skull base surgery alter the nasal airflow patterns, reducing the efficiency of nasal heating and humidification. However, the post-surgical occurrence tendency of the empty nose syndrome is weak.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Hydrodynamics , Air Conditioning , Nose , Nasal Cavity , Skull Base/surgery
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1689, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980933

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Textbook outcome (TO) can guide decision-making among patients and clinicians during preoperative patient selection and postoperative quality improvement. We explored the factors associated with achieving a TO for gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) after curative-intent resection and analyzed the effect of adjuvant chemotherapy (ACT) on TO and non-TO patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 540 patients who underwent curative-intent resection for GBC at the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2011 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Multivariable logistic regression was used to investigate the factors associated with TO.@*RESULTS@#Among 540 patients with GBC who underwent curative-intent resection, 223 patients (41.3%) achieved a TO. The incidence of TO ranged from 19.0% to 51.0% across the study period, with a slightly increasing trend over the study period. The multivariate analysis showed that non-TO was an independent risk factor for prognosis among GBC patients after resection ( P = 0.003). Age ≤60 years ( P = 0.016), total bilirubin (TBIL) level ≤34.1 μmol/L ( P <0.001), well-differentiated tumor ( P = 0.008), no liver involvement ( P <0.001), and T1-2 stage disease ( P = 0.006) were independently associated with achieving a TO for GBC after resection. Before and after propensity score matching (PSM), the overall survival outcomes of non-TO GBC patients who received ACT and those who did not were statistically significant; ACT improved the prognosis of patients in the non-TO group ( P <0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Achieving a TO is associated with a better long-term prognosis among GBC patients after curative-intent resection, and ACT can improve the prognosis of those with non-TO.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Gallbladder Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Hepatectomy , Cholecystectomy
13.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 843-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980805

ABSTRACT

The efficacy on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable stage treated with different methods of acupuncture and moxibustion was evaluated using network Meta-analysis method. The articles of the randomized controlled trial (RCT) on stable COPD treated with acupuncture and moxibustion were searched electronically in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane library. The search was conducted from the inception of the databases to March 20th, 2022. Data analysis was performed using R4.1.1, Stata16.0 and RevMan5.3 softwares. A total of 48 RCTs were included, involving 15 kinds of acupuncture and moxibustion interventions and a sample size of 3 900 cases. The results of network Meta-analysis showed that: ① For the forced expiratory volume in one second predicted (FEV1%), both the governor vessel moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (G+C therapy) and the yang-supplementing moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (Y+C therapy) obtained the better effect than that of the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the G+C therapy was more effective compared with the thread-embedding therapy combined with conventional treatment (E+C therapy) and warm needling (P<0.05). ② Concerning to COPD assessment test (CAT) score, the results indicated that the Y+C therapy, and the mild moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (M+C therapy) were more effective when compared with the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the effect of the Y+C therapy was better than that of the E+C therapy (P<0.05). ③ Regarding six-minute walking distance (6MWD), the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional treatment (A+C therapy) was better than that of either the E+C therapy or the conventional treatment (P<0.05). The effect of the G+C therapy was optimal for improving FEV1%, the Y+C therapy obtained the best effect for improving CAT score, and A+C therapy was the most effective for improving 6MWD. Due to the limitation of the quality and quantity of included studies, this conclusion needs to be further verified through high-quality RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Network Meta-Analysis , Acupuncture Therapy , Databases, Factual , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 647-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy on cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis treated with warming needle with different lengths of moxa stick.@*METHODS@#Six hundred patients with cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into 4 groups: a 4 cm length group (150 cases, 5 cases dropped off, 2 cases suspended), a 3 cm length group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off, 2 cases suspended), a 2 cm length group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off), and a routine acupuncture group (150 cases, 6 cases dropped off). Warming needle with moxa stick in the length of 4 cm, 3 cm and 2 cm was delivered in the 4 cm length group, the 3 cm length group and the 2 cm length group, respectively. In the routine acupuncture group, simple acupuncture was applied. The acupoints selected in the above groups included Dazhui (GV 14) and bilateral Jiaji (EX-B 2) of C5 and C7, Fengchi (GB 20), Jianzhen (SI 9), Quchi (LI 11), Zhongzhu (TE 3), etc. In each group, the intervention was delivered once daily and 5 times a week. One course of intervention was composed of 2 weeks and 2 courses were required. The TCM syndrome score, the score of clinical assessment scale for cervical spondylosis (CASCS), the score of the brachial plexus traction test of the affected upper limb, F wave occurrence rate and conduction velocity of the ulnar nerve, the median nerve and the radial nerve of the affected upper limb were compared before and after treatment in the patients of each group. The levels of serum inflammatory factors, i.e. interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and hypersensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), were measured before and after treatment in the patients of each group. The clinical cfficacy was evaluated in the 4 groups.@*RESULTS@#After treatment, the results of TCM syndrome evaluation, i.e. the scores of neck pain, activity limitation and upper limb numbness and pain, as well as the total scores; and the scores of brachial plexus traction test were reduced when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05). The scores of subjective symptoms and adaptability, and the total scores of CASCS were elevated in comparison with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05). In the 4 cm length group, compared with the other 3 groups, the scores of neck pain and activity limitation for TCM syndrome evaluation, and its total score were lower (P<0.05, P<0.01); and the scores of subjective symptoms and adaptability, and the total score of CASCS were higher (P<0.05, P<0.01). The score of the brachial plexus traction test in the 4 cm length group was lower than that of the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, F wave occurrence rates and conduction velocity of median nerve and radial nerve were increased when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.05, P<0.01). F wave occurrence rate and conduction velocity of the radial nerve in the 4 cm length group were higher than those of the other 3 groups (P<0.05), and those of the median nerve were higher when compared with the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). After treatment, the levels of serum IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α were all reduced when compared with those before treatment in each group (P<0.01, P<0.05); the level of serum IL-6 in the 4 cm length group was lower than those of the other 3 groups and serum level of TNF-α was lower compared with that in the routine acupuncture group (P<0.05). The total effective rate of the 4 cm length group was 78.3% (112/143), which was higher when compared with the 3 cm length group (67.6%, 96/142), the 2 cm length group (65.3%, 94/144) and the routine acupuncture group (53.5%, 77/144), respectively (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Warming needle with moxa stick of 4 cm in length effectively relieves the clinical symptoms of cervical spondylosis of nerve root type with qi stagnation and blood stasis, improves the nerve function of the upper limbs, and reduces the inflammatory responses caused by nerve compression. The clinical efficacy of this therapy with moxa stick of 4 cm in length is superior to the warming needle with moxa sticks of 3 cm and 2 cm, as well as the routine acupuncture.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-6 , Neck Pain , Qi , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Spondylosis/therapy
15.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 651-662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979219

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe aim of this study is to investigate the role of salidroside in regulating the miR-1343-3p/MAP3K6 (mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 6)/MMP24 (membrane-type matrix metalloproteinase 24) signaling pathway to inhibit gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration. MethodsHuman gastric cancer cells (MGC-803) were divided into several groups based on different salidroside concentrations: a control group (0 μmol/mL), a low-dose group (6 μmol/mL), a medium-dose group (12 μmol/mL), and a high-dose group (24 μmol/mL). The anti proliferative effects of salidroside on human gastric cancer cells were evaluated by CCK-8 assay. Clonogenic assay was used to examine the effects of salidroside drugs on the clonogenic ability of human gastric cancer cells. Transwell assay was performed to detect the effect of salidroside on the invasive ability of human gastric cancer cells. Cell scratch assay was performed to detect the effect of salidroside on the migration ability of human gastric cancer cells. The miRNA expression profile was analyzed by using RNA-seq in cancer cells for 24 h after salidroside treatment. The differentially expressed miRNAs were clustered and their target genes were predicted. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) were used to analyze and predict the functions of these target genes, and the interaction networks were established. Immunocytofluorescence was used to detect the expression of target proteins, and the transcription of candidate genes was detected by q-PCR. ResultsCCK-8 cytotoxicity experiments showed that salidroside inhibited the proliferation of MGC-803 cells (P < 0.01). Cell cloning experiments showed that salidroside reduced the clonal formation capacity of MGC-803 cells (P < 0.000 1). Cell invasion experiments showed that salidroside reduced the MGC-803 cell invasion capacity (P < 0.000 1). Cell scratch experiments showed that salidroside reduced the cell migration capacity (P < 0.000 1). RNA-seq findings showed that the expression of 44 miRNAs changed significantly after salidroside treatment in cancer cells (P < 0.05). Bioinformatic analysis showed that there were 1 384 target mRNAs corresponding to the differentially expressed miRNAs, and the expression of the tumor suppressor miR-1343-3p was significantly upregulated after salidroside treatment (P < 0.01),and resulted in down-regulated transcription of MAP3K6 and MMP24 genes which are related to the proliferation and migration of cancer cells (P < 0.05). Immunofluorescence experiments demonstrated that salidroside reduced protein expression levels in MAP3K6 and MMP24 genes (P < 0.000 1). q-PCR experiments showed that salidroside reduced the mRNA expression level of MAP3K6 and MMP24 genes (P < 0.000 1), while miRNA expression in miR-1343-3p gene was upregulated (P < 0.000 1). ConclusionSalidroside regulates the miRNA-1343-3p/MAP3K6/MMP24 signaling molecules to inhibit proliferation and invasion of gastric cancer cells.

16.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 606-611, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972757

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the research status, hotspots and frontier progress of hypertension in children in English and Chinese literature, so as to provide reference for the early prevention of hypertension in children.@*Methods@#The Web of Science core collection database and CNKI database were searched to collect the literature related to the study of hypertension in children from 2000 to 2021, and the CiteSpace 5.8.R3 and VOSviewer 1.6.18 visualization tools were used to analyze the literature characteristics including publications, authors, regions, institutional cooperation, research hotspots and frontiers.@*Results@#A total of 22 687 English studies and 4 440 Chinese studies were finally included. According to the analysis results, the number of articles published on hypertension in children was on the rise. The published English articles were mainly University of Toronto and University of Colorado. The main publishing institution of Chinese articles was the First Affiliated Hospital of Peking University. The United States and China took the lead in the number of core journals published in the field of hypertension in children, the United States ranked first in terms of the influence of publications. Keyword co occurrence analysis showed that the high frequency keywords in the English literature included prevalence, risk, obesity, risk factor, body mass index, insulin resistance, overweight, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and mortality. Chinese high frequency keywords in the literature include obesity, risk factors, adiposis, influencing factors, overweight, prevalence, diabetes, treatment, health education and body mass index. The analysis of keywords showed that 25 burst terms were obtained separately in English and Chinese literature.@*Conclusion@#In recent years, the research interest on hypertension in children continues to grow and keeps updated, with the research scope expanding significantly, regarding obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular diseases.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 162-169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971119

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen the prognostic biomarkers of metabolic genes in patients with multiple myeloma (MM), and construct a prognostic model of metabolic genes.@*METHODS@#The histological database related to MM patients was searched. Data from MM patients and healthy controls with complete clinical information were selected for analysis.The second generation sequencing data and clinical information of bone marrow tissue of MM patients and healthy controls were collected from human protein atlas (HPA) and multiple myeloma research foundation (MMRF) databases. The gene set of metabolism-related pathways was extracted from Molecular Signatures Database (MSigDB) by Perl language. The biomarkers related to MM metabolism were screened by difference analysis, univariate Cox risk regression analysis and LASSO regression analysis, and the risk prognostic model and Nomogram were constructed. Risk curve and survival curve were used to verify the grouping effect of the model. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to study the difference of biological pathway enrichment between high risk group and low risk group. Multivariate Cox risk regression analysis was used to verify the independent prognostic ability of risk score.@*RESULTS@#A total of 8 mRNAs which were significantly related to the survival and prognosis of MM patients were obtained (P<0.01). As molecular markers, MM patients could be divided into high-risk group and low-risk group. Survival curve and risk curve showed that the overall survival time of patients in the low-risk group was significantly better than that in the high risk group (P<0.001). GSEA results showed that signal pathways related to basic metabolism, cell differentiation and cell cycle were significantly enriched in the high-risk group, while ribosome and N polysaccharide biosynthesis signaling pathway were more enriched in the low-risk group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the risk score composed of the eight metabolism-related genes could be used as an independent risk factor for the prognosis of MM patients, and receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) showed that the molecular signatures of metabolism-related genes had the best predictive effect.@*CONCLUSION@#Metabolism-related pathways play an important role in the pathogenesis and prognosis of patients with MM. The clinical significance of the risk assessment model for patients with MM constructed based on eight metabolism-related core genes needs to be confirmed by further clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Cycle , Multiple Myeloma/genetics , Prognosis , Risk Factors
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 132-136, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970993

ABSTRACT

A cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the age-stratified normal levels and age-related changes in the risk predictors of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) progression. A total of 4706 male participants aged 40 years or older in Zhengzhou (China) were enrolled. The values of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS), prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume (PV), and postvoid residual urine volume (PVR) significantly increased with age. Nonlinear relationships between age and IPSS scores ≥8 (P for nonlinearity = 0.046), PSA level ≥1.6 ng ml-1, PV ≥31 ml, or PVR ≥39 ml (all P for nonlinearity <0.001) were observed. After the age of 61 years, the risk indicators related to BPH progression were positively correlated with age (odds ratio [OR] >1), regardless of the predictors of the IPSS score, PSA level, PV, or PVR; and the OR values increased gradually. Therefore, after the age of 61 years, the risk predictors related to BPH progression were positively correlated with age.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Prostatic Hyperplasia/diagnosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Cross-Sectional Studies , East Asian People , Risk Factors
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 823-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy of eltrombopag combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) and CsA alone in patients with transfusion-dependent non-severe aplastic anemia (TD-NSAA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 76 patients with treatment-naive TD-NSAA in Ningde Municipal Hospital of Ningde Normal University and Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from December 2017 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Among them, 45 cases were treated with eltrombopag combined with CsA, and 31 patients with compatible baseline characters were treated with CsA alone. The efficacy of patients between the two groups was compared, and the factors affecting the curative effects were also analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in hematological response (HR) and complete response(CR) rates between the two groups at 3, 6, 12 months, and follow-up endpoint of treatment (P<0.05). With the prolongation of eltrombopag treatment time, the curative effect increased gradually, and the patients achieved more CR and HR rates by the end of the follow-up period. Simultaneously, with the increase in the maximum stable dose of eltrombopag, the HR rate increased gradually. The megakaryocyte count in eltrombopag group was higher than that in control at 6 and 12 months (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the median time of platelet transfusion independence in eltrombopag group was more shorter (P=0.018), and the median platelets transfusion volume was lower (P=0.009). At 3, 6, 12 months after eltrombopag, the change of platelet in eltrombopag group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). Analysis of related factors affecting the efficacy showed that sex, age, iron overload, platelet count before treatment had no effect on the efficacy, and the median maximum stable dosage and the administration period for eltrombopag were related to the curative effect. The patients of eltrombopag group experienced adverse events of varying degrees, but the reactions were mild and mostly tolerated.@*CONCLUSION@#Eltrombopag can effectively improve the hematopoietic response and promote platelet recovery for TD-NSAA patients with relatively more residual hematopoietic cells, and it is safe and well tolerated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Immunosuppression Therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 581-584, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982098

ABSTRACT

Duodenal-type follicular lymphoma (DFL) is a unique subtype of follicular lymphoma (FL), which often involves the second portion of duodenum (descending part of duodenum). Due to its specific pathological features, such as lack of follicular dendritic cells meshwork and disappearance of activation-induced cytidine deaminase expression, DFL presents an inert clinical course and is often confined to the intestinal tract. Inflammation-related biomarkers suggest that the microenvironment may play a likely role in the pathogenesis and favorable prognosis of DFL. Since patients generally have no obvious clinical symptoms and low progression rate, the treatment regimen for DFL is mainly observation and waiting (W&W) strategy. This study will review the latest research progress of epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DFL in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Duodenal Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
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