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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928057

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study the effect of Xiangqin Jiere Granules(XQ) on lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation in different obesity model mice. The monosodium glutamate(MSG) obese mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection of MSG in newborn mice, and the high fat diet(HFD) obese mouse model was established by feeding adult mice with HFD. The normal mice were assigned into the control group; the MSG obese mice were assigned into MSG model group, XQ4.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granu-les, 4.5 g·kg~(-1)), XQ22.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granules, 22.5 g·kg~(-1)); the HFD obese mice were assigned into HFD model group, XQ4.5 group, and XQ22.5 group. The mice were intragastrically administrated with saline or XQ for 5 weeks. After that, the body weight, visceral fat mass, liver and thymus weight, and the organ indexes in each group were measured. The levels of triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c) in serum and liver tissue were detected by the kits. The mRNA expression levels of acetyl CoA carboxylase 1(ACC1), fatty acid synthetase(FAS), diacylgycerol acyltransferase 1(DGAT1) and hepatic lipase(HTGL) involved in lipid metabolism in mouse liver tissue were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). The protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, and the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue were detected by qPCR. Compared with the control group, MSG and HFD mice showed increased body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index and visceral fat mass as well as elevated levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in serum. The model mice had up-regulated gene levels of ACC1, FAS and DGAT1 while down-regulated gene level of HTGL in the liver. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 increased in the model mice. Compared with the model mice, XQ treatment decreased the body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index, and visceral fat mass, lowered the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in se-rum, down-regulated the gene levels of ACC1, FAS, and DGAT1 in liver tissue, up-regulated the gene level of HTGL, and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6. To sum up, XQ has good therapeutic effect on different obesity model mice. It can improve lipid metabolism and reduce fat accumulation in obese mice by regulating the enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, and alleviate obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928030

ABSTRACT

At present, there have been many clinical trials and systematic reviews/Meta-analysis proving the good clinical efficacy of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the treatment of respiratory diseases, while comprehensive discussion is still required. This article overviews and analyzes the systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules to provide evidence support for clinical practice. The systematic reviews/Meta-analysis of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were searched from CBM, Wanfang, CNKI, VIP, PubMed, EMbase and Cochrane Library. The AMSTAR 2 scale and GRADE system were respectively employed for the evaluation of methodological quality and the grading of evidence quality. Finally, 8 systematic reviews/Meta-analysis published during 2018-2021 were included for analysis. The diseases involved include acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, community-acquired pneumonia, acute tonsillitis, acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis and acute upper respiratory tract infection. The number of included RCTs studies ranged from 8 to 25. The results showed that Shufeng Jiedu Capsules combined with western medicine routine had better therapeutic effect than the latter alone in the treatment of the above five diseases. The reported adverse reactions caused by Shufeng Jiedu Capsules were mainly gastrointestinal discomforts such as mild nausea, diarrhoea and vomiting, with low incidence and mild symptoms, which can be relieved by drug withdrawal. The methodological quality of the included studies was extremely low, and the outcome indicators were mainly of low and very low grades. The efficacy and safety of Shufeng Jiedu Capsules in the clinical treatment of diseases still need to be verified based on more high-quality studies. The relevant clinical research and systematic review/Meta-analysis should pay more attention to methodological quality and reporting standards and strengthen the scientificity of research.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927936

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the efficacy evaluation indexes of the randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Chinese medi-cine in the treatment of rheumatic heart disease to lay the foundation for the construction of the corresponding core outcome index set. Clinical RCTs with a definite diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, Sino Med, Pub Med, EMbase, and Cochrane Library from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2020. Thirty-five RCTs were included, involving 3 314 patients and 41 efficacy evaluation indexes, which covered seven domains [traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) symptoms/syndromes, symp-toms/signs, physical and chemical examination, quality of life, long-term prognosis, economic evaluation, and safety events]. Physi-cal and chemical examination(56. 91%) and symptoms/signs(29. 27%) were the more frequently applied. The number of indexes used in a single trial ranged from 1 to 15, with an average of 4. The measurement time points of the top five indexes in the frequency of use were as follows: total response rate was reported at five measurement time points, ranging from 14 days to 6 months; left ventri-cular ejection fraction was measured at eight time points ranging from 5 days to 6 months; left ventricular end systolic diameter was measured at six time points, ranging from 5 days to 6 months; interleukin-2(IL-2) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) were repor-ted 28 days after treatment. At present, there are many problems in the efficacy outcome indexes of RCTs in the treatment of rheumatic heart disease with TCM, such as large difference in quantity, unclear primary and secondary indexes, unreasonable selection of " surro-gate indexes", insufficient attention to long-term prognostic indexes and safety event indexes, non-standard application of composite in-dexes, long measurement period, and lack of TCM characteristics. It is urgent to establish the core outcome set for TCM treatment of rheumatic heart disease.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality of Life , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Rheumatic Heart Disease/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927930

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the regularity of prescriptions for the treatment of intermediate and advanced lung cancer to provide references for clinical medication. CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, and CBM were searched for the research papers on the treatment of lung cancer by Chinese medicine published from database inception to May 31, 2021. The relevant information of qualified papers was extracted to establish a database. The Chinese medicines with frequency >3% underwent analysis of the latent structure and association rules by Lantern 5.0 and SPSS Molder 14.1, respectively, and the prescription regularity in the treatment of intermediate and advanced lung cancer was analyzed based on the frequency description. A total of 713 papers were included, involving 327 Chinese medicines with a cumulative frequency of 12 794 and 106 prescriptions with a cumulative frequency of 824. The commonly used Chinese medicines were dominated by deficiency-tonifying, heat-clearing, phlegm-resolving, and cough/dyspnea-relieving drugs, such as Astragali Radix, Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ophiopogonis Radix, Poria, and Hedyotis Diffusa, which are cold, warm, and plain in nature and sweet, bitter, and pungent in flavor, and mainly act on lung, spleen, and stomach meridians. Commonly used prescriptions included Shashen Maidong Decoction, Liujunzi Decoction, and Baihe Gujin Decoction. The latent structure analysis revealed 32 latent variables and 65 hidden classes. Six comprehensive clustering models and 11 core prescriptions were obtained by professional knowledge inference. The common syndromes of intermediate and advanced lung cancer were inferred to be Qi and Yin deficiency in the lung, Qi deficiency in the lung and spleen, Yin deficiency in the liver and kidney, combined phlegm and stasis, phlegm-heat obstructing lung, and Qi stagnation and blood stasis. Forty-four strong associations were screened out by association rules analysis, including four pairwise strong associations(Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma→Ophiopogonis Radix, Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma→Glehniae Radix, Amomi Fructus→Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma, and Polygonati Rhizoma→Astragali Radix) and 40 triplet strong associations(such as Trichosanthis Radix+Glehniae Radix→Ophiopogonis Radix, Polygonati Odorati Rhizoma+Glehniae Radix→Ophiopogonis Radix, Trichosanthis Radix+Ophiopogonis Radix→Glehniae Radix, and Scutellariae Barbatae Herba+Codonopsis Radix→Hedyotis Diffusa). In the treatment of intermediate and advanced lung cancer, Qi-replenishing and Yin-nourishing drugs are mainly employed, assisted with cancer-resisting, toxin-removing, spleen-invigorating, phlegm/stasis-resolving, and blood-activating drugs based on syndrome differentiation. The roots were treated following the principles of tonifying lungs and replenishing the spleen, and symptoms following the principles of removing the toxin, dispelling stasis, and resolving phlegm.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Prescriptions , Rhizome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936293

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the value of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene as a molecular marker for differential diagnosis of malignant and benign thyroid tumors.@*METHODS@#DNA methylation of HYAL2 gene in tissue specimens of 190 patients with papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) and 190 age- and gender-matched patients with benign thyroid tumors was examined by mass spectrometry, and the protein expression of HYAL2 was detected immunohistochemically for another 55 pairs of patients. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and evaluate the correlation of per 10% reduction in DNA methylation with PTC. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed and the area under curve (AUC) was calculated to assess the predictive value of alterations in HYAL2 methylation.@*RESULTS@#Hypomethylation of HYAL2_CpG_3 was significantly correlated with early-stage PTC (OR=1.51, P=0.001), even in stage I cancer (OR=1.42, P=0.007). Age-stratified analysis revealed a significantly stronger correlation between increased HYAL2_CpG_ 3 methylation and early-stage PTC in patients below 50 years than in those older than 50 years (OR: 1.89 vs 1.37, P < 0.05); ROC analysis also showed a larger AUC of 0.787 in younger patients. The results of immunohistochemistry showed that patients with PTC had significantly higher protein expressions of HYAL2 than patients with benign tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#The alterations of DNA methylation level of HYAL2 gene is significantly correlated with early-stage PTC, suggesting the value of DNA methylation level as a potential biomarker for differentiation of malignant from benign thyroid tumors.


Subject(s)
Adenoma, Oxyphilic/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , DNA Methylation , GPI-Linked Proteins/metabolism , Humans , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Middle Aged , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 462-473, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935888

ABSTRACT

With the aging process of population in the society, the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in China is increasing continuously and the number of dental patients with CVD is increasing gradually too. Due to the lack of guidelines for dental patients with CVD in our country, how to implement standardized preoperative evaluation and perioperative risk prevention remains a problem to be solved for dentists at present. The present expert consensus was reached by combining the clinical experiences of the expert group of the Fifth General Dentistry Special Committee, Chinese Stomatological Association and respiratory and cardiology experts in diagnosis and treatment for CVD patients, and by systematically summarizing the relevant international guidelines and literature regarding the relationship between CVD and oral diseases and the diagnosis and treatment of dental patients with heart failure, hypertension and antithrombotic therapy. The consensus aims to provide, for the dental clinicians, the criteria on diagnosis and treatment of CVD in dental patients in China so as to reduce the risk and complications, and finally to improve the treatment levels of dental patients with CVD in China.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , China/epidemiology , Consensus , Dental Care , Humans , Oral Medicine
7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 455-461, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935887

ABSTRACT

Today, there is greater awareness on the association between oral diseases and respiration diseases after the outbreak of COVID-19. However, confusion regarding the oral health management and medical risk prevention for patients with chronic airway diseases has been remained among dental clinicians. Therefore, the dental experts of the Fifth General Dentistry Special Committee, Chinese Stomatological Association, combined with the experts of respiratory and critical care medicine, undertook the formation of consensus on the oral health management of patients with chronic airway diseases in order to help dental clinicians to evaluate medical risks and make better treatment decision in clinical practice. In the present consensus report, the relationship of oral diseases and chronic airway diseases, the oral health management and the treatment recommendations of patients with chronic airway diseases are provided.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Consensus , Humans , Oral Health , Oral Medicine
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935818

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the occupational hazard factors and exposure levels of workers during the construction of power transmission and transformation projects. Methods: Analysis and identification of occupational hazard factors were carried out for typical construction process of 6 power transmission projects and 3 substation projects in September 2018. The on-site occupational health investigation was carried out to detect and analyze the exposure levels of workers to occupational hazard factors. Results: The time weighted average concentration (C(TWA)) of crushing workers exposed to silica dust and welders exposed to welding fume in substation projects were 2.72 and 14.03 mg/m(3), respectively. The 8 h equivalent sound level results of exposure noise of carpenters in power transmission projects and crushing workers, reinforcement workers, carpenters, scaffolders, road builders in substation projects were 87.9, 92.5, 87.1, 92.5, 93.0 and 90.2 dB (A) , respectively. The 4-hour time equal energy frequency weighted vibration acceleration of hand-transmitted vibration of bricklayer in power transmission projects, bricklayer, general worker 3, road builder 1 and road builder 2 of substation projects were 5.36, 5.21, 5.28, 10.71 and 5.22 m/s(2), respectively. The effective irradiance of electric welding arc light of welders' limbs in power transmission projects and substation projects were 401.19, 319.68 μW/cm(2), respectively. All of the above exceeded the requirements of occupational exposure limits. The occupational radiation levels and exposure limits of hazardous chemical factors met the requirements of each post. Conclusion: During the construction of power transmission and transformation projects, the exposure levels of occupational hazard factors in multiple posts exceed the standard. The main responsibility of employers for occupational disease prevention and control should be implemented, and targeted comprehensive measures should be taken to reduce the exposure levels of occupational hazard factors of workers.


Subject(s)
Dust , Humans , Occupational Diseases , Occupational Exposure/analysis , Occupational Health , Welding
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935810

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the incidence of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province, and provide reference for the prevention and control of pneumoconiosis in the non-coal mining industry. Methods: The data of 7019 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients in non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province from January 1956 to December 2019 were collected through the Jiangsu Province Pneumoconiosis Follow-up Network Report System, including the gender of the pneumoconiosis patients, the name of the employer and the location, the industry classification of the employer, the duration of dust exposure in dust exposure, the name of occupational pneumoconiosis disease, the date of diagnosis of pneumoconiosis, etc. The collected case data of patients with pneumoconiosis were entered into the statistical software, and the characteristics of the patients' diagnosis time, region and industry were analyzed. Results: The number of confirmed pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province was mostly in 2007 (395 cases) , concentrated in Wuxi City (40.96%, 2875/7019) and Suzhou City (27.72%, 1946/7019) . The industries to which the patients belonged were mainly non-metallic mining and dressing (60.95%, 4278/7019) , and the most common type of pneumoconiosis was silicosis (96.40%, 6766/7019) . The patients were mainly stageⅠpneumoconiosis (61.33%, 4305/7019) . There were statistically significant differences in the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure among patients with different pneumoconiosis stages (P<0.01) . The differences in the average diagnosis age and the average duration of dust exposure of patients with different types of pneumoconiosis were statistically significant (P<0.05) , the mean age of diagnosis and the average duration of dust exposure of electric welders were the smallest, which were (44.92±7.74) years old and (17.38±10.15) years, respectively. Conclusion: The regional and industry distribution characteristics of new pneumoconiosis patients in the non-coal mining industry in Jiangsu Province are obvious, and attention should be paid to the treatment of pneumoconiosis patients with young diagnosed age and short duration of dust exposure, as well as the personal protection and health protection of front-line workers such as electric welders who are exposed to productive dust in a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Coal Mining , Dust , Humans , Middle Aged , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Pneumoconiosis/epidemiology , Silicosis/epidemiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935744

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the distribution and characteristics of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning reported online by Jiangsu Province, and to track the final diagnosis of suspected cases. Methods: The suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning cases in Jiangsu Province reported online from 2014 to 2018 were collected as the survey objects. Based on the reporting of the Occupational Disease Report Card from January 1, 2014 to November 5, 2019, the distribution characteristics and reporting institutions of suspected cases and final confirmed cases were analyzed. Results: From 2014 to 2018, 312 cases of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning were reported online in Jiangsu Province. There were significant differences in the number of online reported cases of occupational chronic lead poisoning, online reported cases of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning and confirmed cases of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning in different years (P<0.05) , especially in 2015. Among the suspected occupational lead poisoning cases reported online, 236 cases (75.6%) were male, mainly distributed in the manufacturing industry, and 246 cases (79.1%) were operators. All the suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning cases reported online were concentrated in private enterprises, 229 cases (73.4%) in small and medium-sized enterprises. The top three cities were Suqian with 111 cases (35.6%) , Yangzhou with 79 cases (25.3%) and Huai'an with 50 cases (16.0%) . From 2014 to 2018, 19 suspected cases of occupational chronic lead poisoning were finally confirmed in Jiangsu Province, with a diagnosis rate of 6.1%. Conclusion: The majority of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning cases reported online in Jiangsu Province are men, manufacturing and small and medium-sized enterprises, and the final diagnosis rate of suspected occupational chronic lead poisoning cases reported online is low.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Cities , Female , Humans , Lead , Lead Poisoning/epidemiology , Male , Manufacturing Industry , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 458-465, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935170

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy and safety of prolonged dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT>1 year) in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stent (DES) in a large and contemporary PCI registry. Methods: A total of 1 661 eligible patients were selected from the Fuwai PCI Registry, of which 1 193 received DAPT>1 year and 468 received DAPT ≤1 year. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular event (MACCE) and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) type 2, 3 or 5 bleeding, MACCE was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction or stroke. Multivariate Cox regression analysis and inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) Cox regression analysis were performed. Results: After a median follow-up of 2.5 years, patients who received DAPT>1 year were associated with lower risks of MACCE (1.4% vs. 3.2%; hazard ratio (HR) 0.412, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.205-0.827) compared with DAPT ≤1 year, which was primarily caused by the lower all-cause mortality (0.1% vs. 2.6%; HR 0.031, 95%CI 0.004-0.236). Risks of cardiac death (0.1% vs. 1.5%; HR 0.051, 95%CI 0.006-0.416) and definite/probable ST (0.3% vs. 1.1%; HR 0.218, 95%CI 0.052-0.917) were also lower in patients received DAPT>1 year than those received DAPT ≤ 1 year. No difference was found between the two groups in terms of BARC type 2, 3, or 5 bleeding (5.3% vs. 4.1%; HR 1.088, 95%CI 0.650-1.821). Conclusions: In patients with stable CAD and diabetes who were event-free at 1 year after PCI with DES, prolonged DAPT (>1 year) provides a substantial reduction in ischemic cardiovascular events, including MACCE, all-cause mortality, cardiac mortality, and definite/probable ST, without increasing the clinically relevant bleeding risk compared with ≤ 1-year DAPT. Further well-designed, large-scale randomized trials are needed to verify the beneficial effect of prolonged DAPT in this population.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease/therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Humans , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Risk Assessment , Treatment Outcome
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934479

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon skin repairing after nonablative fractional 1 565 nm laser therapy.Methods:A total of 84 patients who received nonablative fractional laser surgery in our hospital from April 2017 to April 2018 were included as research objects. The patients were divided into observation group and control group by random number table method, 42 cases in each group. The control group was treated with routine facial intervention after operation, while the observation group was treated with a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon skin repairing on the basis of routine intervention. The postoperative skin barrier function of the two groups were recorded and compared through skin property system and VISIA complexion analysis system.Results:At 1 and 2 weeks after operation, the sebum content and cuticle water content in the observation group were higher than those in the control group, and the transdermal water loss in the observation group was less than that in the control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.927, 7.833, 12.430, 4.538, 10.083, 8.017, P<0.05). The erythema index (EI) and melanin index (MI) of the observation group were lower than those of the control group at 1 and 2 weeks after operation, and the incidence of complications was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=2.392, 2.807, 3.485, 3.009, P<0.05). Conclusions:The application of a cream containing madecassoside, 5% panthenolon in skin repairing is helpful to enhance the moisturizing effect, reduce the complications and promote the early recovery of patients with skin trauma after fractional laser operation.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932739

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the impact of number and location of metastatic lymph nodes on prognosis of patients after radical resection for intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC).Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 105 patients who underwent radical resection and lymphadenectomy for ICC at the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi’an Jiaotong University from January 2010 to December 2020. There were 49 males and 56 females, with age of (58±10) years old. These patients were divided into 2 groups using the TNM staging (8th edition) into the N0 stage group ( n=62) and N1 stage group ( n=43). Using the NMLN staging, those with 0, 1-2, and >3 number of metastatic lymph nodes (NMLN) were divided into 3 groups: the stage 0 group ( n=62), stage 1 group ( n=24), and stage 2 group ( n=19). Of the 43 patients with lymph node metastasis, they were divided into 2 groups according to whether the lymph node metastasis was limited to the first lymph node station: the first station metastasis group ( n=11) and the non-first station metastasis group ( n=32). The general data, extent of lymph node dissection, pathological examinations, and postoperative survival outcomes of these patients were collected. Determination of risk factors for prognosis of ICC after radical resection was carried out. Results:The median number of lymph node harvested, or the detection of N0 and N1 staging were 6 (3, 8) and 6 (3, 10), respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups ( Z=-1.10, P>0.05). Overall survival of patients in the N0 stage group was better than the N1 stage group (32.0 vs. 9.0 months, χ 2=23.99, P<0.001). The median survival times of patients in the stage 0, stage 1 and stage 2 groups were 32.0, 14.0 and 6.0 months, respectively. There was a significant difference in overall survival among the 3 groups (χ 2=32.18, P<0.001). The time-dependent receiver operating characteristic curves showed that NMLN staging had better prognostic predictive ability than the N staging. The median survival times of the first station metastasis group and the non-first station metastasis group were 18.0 and 7.0 months, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (χ 2=2.21, P>0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that tumor carbohydrate antigen 125>35.0 U/ml ( HR=4.297, 95% CI:2.418-7.634), hepatolithiasis ( HR=2.713, 95% CI:1.499-4.911), T4 staging ( HR=2.934, 95% CI:1.478-5.825), NMLN stage 1 ( HR=2.759, 95% CI:1.500-5.077) and NMLN stage 2 ( HR=7.376, 95% CI:3.553-15.312) were independent risk factors affecting prognosis of ICC after radical resection ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Lymph node metastasis was an important poor prognostic risk factor after radical resection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. The prognosis of ICC patients was related to the NMLN, but it was not related to the location of metastatic lymph nodes.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930980

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of clinical radiomics model based on nnU-Net for the prognosis of gallbladder carcinoma (GBC).Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 168 patients who underwent curative-intent radical resection of GBC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2012 to December 2020 were collected. There were 61 males and 107 females, aged (64±11)years. All the 168 patients who underwent preoperative enhanced computed tomography (CT) examina-tion were randomly divided into 126 cases in training set and 42 cases in test set according to the ratio of 3:1 based on random number table. For the portal venous phase images, 2 radiologists manually delineated the region of interest (ROI), and constructed a nnU-net model to automatically segment the images. The 5-fold cross-validation and Dice similarity coefficient were used to evaluate the generalization ability and predictive performance of the nnU-net model. The Python software (version 3.7.10) and Pyradiomics toolkit (version 3.0.1) were used to extract the radiomics features, the R software (version 4.1.1) was used to screen the radiomics features, and the variance method, Pearson correlation analysis, one-way COX analysis and random survival forest model were used to screen important radiomics features and calculate the Radiomics score (Radscore). X-tile software (version 3.6.1) was used to determine the best cut-off value of Radscore, and COX proportional hazard regression model was used to analyze the independent factors affecting the prognosis of patients. The training set data were imported into R software (version 4.1.1) to construct a clinical radiomics nomogram model of survival prediction for GBC. Based on the Radscore and the independent clinical factors affecting the prognosis of patients, the Radscore risk model and the clinical model for predicting the survival of GBC were constructed respectively. The C-index, calibration plot and decision curve analysis were used to evaluate the predictive ability of different survival prediction models for GBC. Observation indicators: (1) segmentation results of portal venous phase images in CT examination of GBC; (2) radiomic feature screening and Radscore calculation; (3) prognostic factors analysis of patients after curative-intent radical resection of GBC; (4) construction and evaluation of different survival prediction models for GBC. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented by Mean± SD. Count data were expressed as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using the COX proportional hazard regression model. The postoperative overall survival rate was calculated by the life table method. Results:(1) Segmentation results of portal venous phase images in CT examination of GBC: the Dice similarity coefficient of the ROI based on the manual segmentation and nnU-Net segmentation models was 0.92±0.08 in the training set and 0.74±0.15 in the test set, respectively. (2) Radiomic feature screening and Radscore calculation: 1 502 radiomics features were finally extracted from 168 patients. A total of 13 radiomic features (3 shape features and 10 high-order features) were screened by the variance method, Pearson correlation analysis, one-way COX analysis and random survival forest model. Results of random survival forest model analysis and X-tile software analysis showed that the best cut-off values of the Radscore were 6.68 and 25.01. A total of 126 patients in the training set were divided into 41 cases of low-risk (≤6.68), 72 cases of intermediate-risk (>6.68 and <25.01), and 13 cases of high-risk (≥25.01). (3) Prognostic factors analysis of patients after curative-intent radical resection of GBC: the 1-, 2-, and 3-year overall survival rates of 168 patients were 75.8%, 54.9% and 45.7%, respectively. The results of univariate analysis showed that preopera-tive jaundice, serum CA19-9 level, Radscore risk (medium risk and high risk), extent of surgical resection, pathological T staging, pathological N staging, tumor differentiation degree (moderate differentiation and low differentiation) were related factors affecting prognosis of patients in the training set ( hazard ratio=3.28, 3.00, 3.78, 6.34, 4.48, 6.43, 3.35, 7.44, 15.11, 95% confidence interval as 1.91?5.63, 1.76?5.13, 1.76?8.09, 2.49?16.17, 2.30?8.70, 1.57?26.36, 1.96?5.73, 1.02?54.55, 2.04?112.05, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that preoperative jaundice, serum CA19-9 level, Radscore risk as high risk and pathological N staging were independent influencing factors for prognosis of patients in the training set ( hazard ratio=2.22, 2.02, 2.89, 2.07, 95% confidence interval as 1.20?4.11, 1.11?3.68, 1.04?8.01, 1.15?3.73, P<0.05). (4) Construction and evaluation of different survival prediction models for GBC. Clinical radiomics model, Radscore risk model and clinical model were established based on the independent influencing factors for prognosis, the C-index of which was 0.775, 0.651 and 0.747 in the training set, and 0.759, 0.633, 0.739 in the test set, respectively. The calibration plots showed that the Radscore risk model, clinical model and clinical radiomics model had good predictive ability for prognosis of patients. The decision curve analysis showed that the prognostic predictive ability of the clinical radiomics model was better than that of the Radscore risk and clinical models. Conclusion:The clinical radiomics model based on the nnU-Net has a good predictive performance for prognosis of GBC.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930232

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of cellular FLICE-like inhibitory protein (cFLIP) on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury based on the RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-mediated necroptosis pathway.Methods:The cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was constructed by hypoxia for 4 h/reoxygenation for 12 h, and the rat ischemia reperfusion (I/R) model was constructed by ligating the left anterior descending artery for 30 min and reperfusion for 3 h. CCK-8 method was used to detect the viability of cardiomyocytes in each group. DAPI/PI double staining was used to observe changes in necrosis rate of myocardial cell. STRING database was used to predict the protein interaction network of cFLIP. TTC staining was used to detect the area of myocardial infarction in each group of rats, and the protein expression of cFLIPL, cFLIPS, p-RIPK1, p-RIPK3 and p-MLKL were detected by Western blot.Results:In cardiomyocyte H/R injury and myocardial tissue I/R injury, the protein expressions of cFLIPL and cFLIPS were significantly down-regulated, while the levels of p-RIPK1, p-RIPK3 and p-MLKL were increased significantly. Up-regulating the protein expression of cFLIPL and cFLIPS could significantly reduce the damage of cardiomyocytes and the rate of cell necrosis induced by H/R, and decrease the area of myocardial infarction caused by I/R. STRING database results showed that cFLIP had direct protein interactions with RIPK1 and RIPK3. Overexpression of cFLIP in cardiomyocyte and myocardial tissue significantly inhibited H/R or I/R induced the phosphorylation levels of RIPK1, RIPK3 and MLKL.Conclusions:Overexpression of cFLIP can significantly inhibit the RIPK1/RIPK3/MLKL-mediated necroptosis, thereby reducing myocardial cell damage and decreasing the area of myocardial infarction.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 767-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940937

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the value of predicting the degree of differentiation of pulmonary invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) based on CT image radiomics model and the expression difference of immunohistochemical factors between different degrees of differentiation of lesions. Methods: The clinicopathological data of patients with pulmonary IAC confirmed by surgical pathology in the Affiliated Huai'an First People's Hospital to Nanjing Medical University from December 2017 to September 2018 were collected. High-throughput feature acquisition was performed for all outlined regions of interest, and prediction models were constructed after dimensionality reduction by the minimum absolute shrinkage operator. Receiver operating characteristic curve was used to assess the predictive efficacy of clinical characteristic model, radiomics model and individualized prediction model combined with both to identify the degree of pulmonary IAC differentiation, and immunohistochemical expressions of Ki-67, NapsinA and TTF-1 were compared between groups with different degrees of IAC differentiation using rank sum test. Results: A total of 396 high-throughput features were extracted from all IAC lesions, and 10 features with high generalization ability and correlation with the degree of IAC differentiation were screened. The mean radiomics score of poorly differentiated IAC in the training group (1.206) was higher than that of patients with high and medium differentiation (0.969, P=0.001), and the mean radiomics score of poorly differentiated IAC in the test group (1.545) was higher than that of patients with high and medium differentiation (-0.815, P<0.001). The differences in gender (P<0.001), pleural stretch sign (P=0.005), and burr sign (P=0.033) were statistically significant between patients in the well and poorly differentiated IAC groups. Multifactorial logistic regression analysis showed that gender and pleural stretch sign were related to the degree of IAC differentiation (P<0.05). The clinical feature model consisted of age, gender, pleural stretch sign, burr sign, tumor vessel sign, and vacuolar sign, and the individualized prediction model consisted of gender, pleural stretch sign, and radiomic score, and was represented by a nomogram. The Akaike information standard values of the radiomics model, clinical feature model and individualized prediction model were 54.756, 82.214 and 53.282, respectively. The individualized prediction model was most effective in identifying the degree of differentiation of pulmonary IAC, and the area under the curves (AUC) of the individualized prediction model in the training group and the test group were 0.92 (95% CI: 0.86-0.99) and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.74-1.00, respectively). The AUCs of the radiomics group model for predicting the degree of differentiation of pulmonary IAC in the training group and the test group were 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83-0.98) and 0.87 (95% CI: 0.72-1.00), respectively. The AUCs of the clinical characteristics model for predicting the degree of differentiation of pulmonary IACs in the training and test groups were 0.75 (95% CI: 0.63-0.86) and 0.76 (95% CI: 0.59-0.94), respectively. The expression level of Ki-67 in poorly differentiated IAC was higher than that in well-differentiated IAC (P<0.001). The expression levels of NapsinA, TTF-1 in poorly differentiated IAC were higher than those in well-differentiated IAC (P<0.05). Conclusions: Individualized prediction model consisted of gender, pleural stretch sign and radiomics score can discriminate the differentiation degree of IAC with the best performance in comparison with clinical feature model and radiomics model. Ki-67, NapsinA and TTF-1 express differently in different degrees of differentiation of IAC.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940654

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the neuroprotective mechanism of Buyang Huanwutang (BYHW) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) rats based on oxidative stress and investigate the dosage of Astragali Radix (AR). MethodNinety SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, an α-lipoic acid group (60 mg·kg-1·d-1), and BYHW groups with high- (15 g·kg-1·d-1), medium- (8.75 g·kg-1·d-1), and low-dose (5.625 g·kg-1·d-1) AR groups. The diabetes model was induced in rats except for those in the normal group by the high-sugar/high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ). Drug intervention lasted for 12 weeks. The paw withdrawal threshold (PWT) and sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) were detected after drug intervention. Gonad-stimulating hormone (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were determined. The mitochondrial morphology and structure in sensory neurons of L4-5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) of rats were observed by electron microscopy. Respiratory chain complex Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ activities and the mitochondrial membrane potential were detected. The main proteins in the adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/nuclear factor-related factor-2 (Nrf2) pathway, such as phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK), phosphorylated Nrf2(p-Nrf2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), and quinone NADH dehydrogenase 1 (NQO1), were detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed increased fasting blood glucose (P<0.01), decreased content of SNCV, PWT, and GSH (P<0.01), elevated MDA content (P<0.01), obvious mitochondrial damage with vacuolations, reduced activities of respiratory chain complex Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ and mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.01), and declining p-AMPK, p-Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the α-lipoic acid group and BYHW high-dose group showed increased SNCV, PWT, and GSH, decreased MDA (P<0.05, P<0.01), alleviated mitochondrial structural damage, increased respiratory chain complex Ⅰ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ activities and mitochondrial membrane potential (P<0.01), and elevated p-AMPK, p-Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1 (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionBYHW regulates oxidative stress through the AMPK/Nrf2 pathway to treat DPN. The therapeutic effect of BYHW is related to the dosage of AR. The BYHW group with high-dose AR is superior to the BYHW groups with medium- and low-dose AR groups in inhibiting oxidative stress.

18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 359-369, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939571

ABSTRACT

Cerebellar Purkinje cells (PCs) exhibit two types of discharge activities: simple spike (SS) and complex spike (CS). Previous studies found that noradrenaline (NA) can inhibit CS and bidirectionally regulate SS, but the enhancement of NA on SS is overwhelmed by the strong inhibition of excitatory molecular layer interneurons. However, the mechanism underlying the effect of NA on SS discharge frequency is not clear. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the mechanism underlying the increasing effect of NA on SS firing of PC in mouse cerebellar cortex in vivo and in cerebellar slice by cell-attached and whole-cell recording technique and pharmacological methods. GABAA receptor was blocked by 100 µmol/L picrotoxin in the whole process. In vivo results showed that NA significantly reduced the number of spikelets of spontaneous CS and enhanced the discharge frequency of SS, but did not affect the discharge frequency of CS. In vitro experiments showed that NA reduced the number of CS spikelets and after hyperpolarization potential (AHP) induced by electrical stimulation, and increased the discharge frequency of SS. NA also reduced the amplitude of excitatory postsynaptic current (EPSC) of parallel fiber (PF)-PC and significantly increased the paired-pulse ratio (PPR). Application of yohimbine, an antagonist of α2-adrenergic receptor (AR), completely eliminated the enhancing effect of NA on SS. The α2-AR agonist, UK14304, also increased the frequency of SS. The β-AR blocker, propranolol, did not affect the effects of NA on PC. These results suggest that in the absence of GABAA receptors, NA could attenuate the synaptic transmission of climbing fiber (CF)-PC via activating α2-AR, inhibit CS activity and reduce AHP, thus enhancing the SS discharge frequency of PC. This result suggests that NA neurons of locus coeruleus can finely regulate PC signal output by regulating CF-PC synaptic transmission.


Subject(s)
Action Potentials/physiology , Animals , Cerebellar Cortex/metabolism , Cerebellum/metabolism , Mice , Norepinephrine/pharmacology , Purkinje Cells/metabolism , Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-2/metabolism , Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939521

ABSTRACT

Using data mining technology, the rules of acupoint selection of acupuncture and moxibustion were explored in treatment of stroke-related pneumonia. The clinical articles of acupuncture and moxibustion in treatment of stroke-related pneumonia were retrieved from CNKI, SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases from their inception through to January l 2021, and then, the acupuncture-moxibustion prescription database was set up for stroke-related pneumonia. SPSS Modeler 18.0 Apriori algorithm was adopted to analyze the association rules of acupoints and draw complex network diagrams. SPSS26.0 was used in clustering analysis of acupoints. Finally, a total of 44 articles were included, with 51 acupoint prescriptions and 82 acupoints extracted. The total frequency of acupoints was 340 times. The high-frequency acupoints in treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion for stroke-related pneumonia were Feishu (BL 13), Fenglong (ST 40), Hegu (LI 4), etc. These acupoints were mainly distributed on the limbs and back and mostly from yang meridians. Of these extracted acupoints, the five-shu points, convergent points and back-shu points were selected specially. Regarding acupoint combination, the association of Quchi (LI 11) had the highest support with Hegu (LI 4) and Zusanli (ST 36). The core prescription of acupuncture-moxibustion treatment for stroke-related pneumonia could be composed of Quchi (LI 11), Hegu (LI 4), Zusanli (ST 36), Fenglong (ST 40) and Taichong (LR 3).


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Humans , Meridians , Moxibustion , Pneumonia/therapy , Stroke/therapy
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2048-2058, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888850

ABSTRACT

A commercial albumin-bound paclitaxel nano-formulation has been considered a gold standard against breast cancer. However, its application still restricted unfavorable pharmacokinetics and the immunogenicity of exogenous albumin carrier. Herein, we report an albumin-bound tumor redox-responsive paclitaxel prodrugs nano-delivery strategy. Using diverse linkages (thioether bond and disulfide bond), paclitaxel (PTX) was conjugated with an albumin-binding maleimide (MAL) functional group. These pure PTX prodrugs could self-assemble to form uniform and spherical nanoparticles (NPs) in aqueous solution without any excipients. By immediately binding to blood circulating albumin after intravenous administration, NPs are rapidly disintegrated into small prodrug/albumin nanoaggregates

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