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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 55-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907033

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily evaluate the application value of SpyGlass direct visualization system in the diagnosis and treatment of biliary stricture after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 4 patients presenting with biliary stricture after liver transplantation who underwent SpyGlass direct visualization system examination were collected. The examination, treatment and prognosis of biliary stricture were analyzed. Results The examination results of color Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in 4 patients suggested biliary anastomotic stricture with intrahepatic biliary dilatation, and 2 of them were complicated with intrahepatic biliary calculi. Repeated placement of biliary stent under ERCP yielded poor effect in 3 cases. SpyGlass direct visualization system examination hinted biliary anastomotic stricture in 4 patients, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary dilatation, 3 cases of intrahepatic biliary calculi, 2 cases of purulent bile and 3 cases of floccules within the biliary tract, 1 case of congestion and edema of biliary tract wall and 2 cases of local epithelial necrosis and stiffness changes of intrahepatic biliary tract wall. The wire could not be inserted in 1 patient due to severe biliary anastomotic stricture. Four patients were treated with biliary stricture resection + biliary stone removal + biliary end-to-end anastomosis, biliary stricture resection + biliary-intestinal anastomosis, ERCP lithotomy + biliary metal stent implantation, and biliary metal stent implantation + percutaneous transhepatic bile duct lithotomy, respectively. Relevant symptoms were relieved without evident complications. All patients survived during the follow-up until the submission date. Conclusions Compared with traditional imaging examination, SpyGlass direct visualization system may more directly display the morphological characteristics of biliary tract wall and structural changes within biliary tract cavity, which is an effective examination tool for biliary stricture after liver transplantation. In addition, individualized treatment methods may be adopted for different biliary tract diseases, which is expected to improve clinical prognosis of patients.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928897

ABSTRACT

Premature delivery is one of the direct factors that affect the early development and safety of infants. Its direct clinical manifestation is the change of uterine contraction intensity and frequency. Uterine Electrohysterography(EHG) signal collected from the abdomen of pregnant women can accurately and effectively reflect the uterine contraction, which has higher clinical application value than invasive monitoring technology such as intrauterine pressure catheter. Therefore, the research of fetal preterm birth recognition algorithm based on EHG is particularly important for perinatal fetal monitoring. We proposed a convolution neural network(CNN) based on EHG fetal preterm birth recognition algorithm, and a deep CNN model was constructed by combining the Gramian angular difference field(GADF) with the transfer learning technology. The structure of the model was optimized using the clinical measured term-preterm EHG database. The classification accuracy of 94.38% and F1 value of 97.11% were achieved. The experimental results showed that the model constructed in this paper has a certain auxiliary diagnostic value for clinical prediction of premature delivery.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Electromyography , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Neural Networks, Computer , Pregnancy , Premature Birth/diagnosis , Uterine Contraction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928291

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the fixation model of anterior cervical transpedicular system (ACTPS) after subtotal resection of two segments of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) in order to provide a finite element modeling method for anterior cervical reconstruction.@*METHODS@#The CT data of the cervical segment (C1-T1) of a 30-year-old adult healthy male volunteer was collected. Used Mimics 10.0, Rapidform XOR3, HyperMesh 10.0, CATIA5V19 and ANSYS 14.0 to establish the three-dimensional nonlinear complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) as the intact group. The number of units and nodes of the complete model were recorded. After the effectiveness of the complete model was verified, the C5 and C6 vertebral subtotal resection was performed, and the ACTPS model was established as the ACTPS group. The axial force of 75 N and moment couple of 1N·m was loaded on the upper surface of C3 in intact group and ACTPS group, the range of motion(ROM)and stress distribution in states of flexion extension, lateral flexion, rotation was compared between two groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 85 832 elements and 23 612 nodes in the complete model of lower cervical spine(C3-C7) which was established in this experiment. The stress distribution of ACTPS internal fixation model was relatively uniform. Comparing with the intact group, the overall range of motion in ACTPS group was decreased in flexion extension, lateral flexion and rotation directions, and the corresponding compensation of adjacent C3,4 segment was increased slightly.@*CONCLUSION@#The stress distribution of ACTPS fixation system is uniform, there is no stress concentration area at the joint of screw and titanium plate, and the fracture risk of internal fixation is low. It is suitable for stability reconstruction after anterior decompression of two or more cervical segments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Screws , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Male , Range of Motion, Articular , Spinal Fusion
4.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 401-413, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926517

ABSTRACT

Pragmatic clinical studies, an emerging clinical research discipline, include a wide range of studies that are largely embedded with routine clinical practice and aim to evaluate the comparative effectiveness and safety of different clinical intervention strategies. Increased availability and quality of electronic medical/health records drives the development of pragmatic clinical studies. In this review, we describe evolution of the conceptual framework of pragmatic clinical studies and share perspectives on the importance of pragmatic clinical studies in evidence-based practice for cardiovascular diseases, as a complement to conventional randomized controlled trials. We also highlight specific needs of pragmatic clinical studies in improving evidence-based practice for cardiovascular disease in Asian countries. The main challenges of pragmatic clinical studies are discussed briefly in this review.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873706

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the clinical value of soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2) in replacement of N-terminal fragment of the brain natriuretic peptide precursor (NT-proBNP) in cardiac function evaluation in renal failure patients after cardiac surgery. Methods    Sixty patients with renal insufficiency after cardiac surgery from January 2019 to June 2019 were divided into a test group, including 34 males and 26 females, with an average age of 49-78 (63.3±4.5) years. Another 60 patients with normal renal function were divided into a control group, including 37 males and 23 females, with an average age of 53-77 (61.7±3.8) years. The perioperative left ventricular ejection fraction, cardiac troponin T, creatine kinase-MB, sST2 and NT-proBNP were compared. Results    In patients of the test group, the NT-proBNP level increased significantly during perioperative period, and the change range was different from other cardiac function indexes. The change of sST2 in perioperative period was similar to other cardiac function indexes, which could reflect the change degree of cardiac function after operation. Conclusion    sST2 is more important to reflect the change degree of cardiac function in patients with renal dysfunction after cardiac surgery than NT-proBNP.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906349

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine have their respective advantages and limitations in the diagnosis and treatment of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases. Although the integrated TCM and western medicine exhibits definite curative effects, there is no consensus on the otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, as well as the diagnosis and treatment schemes. The China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) thus organized the otorhinolaryngology head and neck specialists of both TCM and western medicine to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical diagnosis and treatment methods of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases with the results of multiple clinical trials taken into account. The acute pharyngitis, chronic pharyngolaryngitis, paraesthesia pharyngis, hysterical aphasia, allergic rhinitis, subjective tinnitus, and otogenic vertigo were confirmed to respond specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine. Then a mutually agreed diagnosis and treatment scheme and recommendation with integrated TCM and western medicine was formulated as a reference for clinical practice, thus benefiting more patients.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906106

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effects of Banxia Baizhu Tianmatang (BBTT) on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE<sup>-/-</sup>) mice induced by high fat diet. Method:The atherosclerosis model of ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice was established with high-fat diet, and BBTT was used for intervention. The pathological changes of aorta after atherosclerosis were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE), oil red O and Masson staining. The changes of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The expression levels of tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Total tissue proteins were extracted, quantified by protein quantification (BCA) method, and the expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) protein was detected by Western blot. Thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method was used to detect the change of malondialdehyde (MDA) content. The change of superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was detected by 2-(2-methoxy-4-nitrophenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-(2,4-disulfobenzene)-2H tetrazole monosodium salt (WST-8) method. Result:Compared with the control group, there was a large amount of lipid accumulation in the blood vessels of the model group, the serum levels of TG, TC, HDL-C and LDL-C significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression of MMP-9 protein in the blood vessels significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the expression levels of IL-6 and TNF-<italic>α</italic> in the serum increased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the SOD activity was significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the levels of MDA and ox-LDL expression increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the treatment with BBTT could inhibit the accumulation of lipids in blood vessels, the TG levels were reduced in the high and medium dose groups of BBTT (<italic>P</italic><0.05), high, medium and low dose groups significantly reduced the levels of LDL-C in serum (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the expression of MMP-9 protein in blood vessels (<italic>P</italic><0.05) and IL-6 in serum (<italic>P</italic><0.01), the high-dose group down-regulated the expression of TNF-<italic>α</italic> in serum (<italic>P</italic><0.01) and ox-LDL (<italic>P</italic><0.01), both the high and medium-dose groups increased the level of MDA (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01) and the activity of SOD (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:BBTT has a certain intervention effect on the formation of atherosclerosis aortic plaque in ApoE<sup>-/-</sup> mice, and its mechanism may be associated with reducing the TG and LDL-C levels, lowering blood lipid, down-regulating MMP-9 protein, protecting blood vessels from inflammatory damage, reducing ox-LDL and MDA levels, and improving SOD activity to play an antioxidant role.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913699

ABSTRACT

An active compound, triterpene saponin, astersaponin I (AKNS-2) was isolated from Aster koraiensis Nakai (AKNS) and the autophagy activation and neuroprotective effect was investigated on in vitro and in vivo Parkinson’s disease (PD) models. The autophagy-regulating effect of AKNS-2 was monitored by analyzing the expression of autophagy-related protein markers in SHSY5Y cells using Western blot and fluorescent protein quenching assays. The neuroprotection of AKNS-2 was tested by using a 1-methyl-4-phenyl-2,3-dihydropyridium ion (MPP+ )-induced in vitro PD model in SH-SY5Y cells and an MPTP-induced in vivo PD model in mice. The compound-treated SH-SY5Y cells not only showed enhanced microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B-light chain 3-II (LC3-II) and decreased sequestosome 1 (p62) expression but also showed increased phosphorylated extracellular signal–regulated kinases (p-Erk), phosphorylated AMP-activated protein kinase (p-AMPK) and phosphorylated unc-51-like kinase (p-ULK) and decreased phosphorylated mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR) expression. AKNS-2-activated autophagy could be inhibited by the Erk inhibitor U0126 and by AMPK siRNA. In the MPP+ -induced in vitro PD model, AKNS-2 reversed the reduced cell viability and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) levels and reduced the induced α-synuclein level. In an MPTP-induced in vivo PD model, AKNS-2 improved mice behavioral performance, and it restored dopamine synthesis and TH and α-synuclein expression in mouse brain tissues. Consistently, AKNS-2 also modulated the expressions of autophagy related markers in mouse brain tissue. Thus, AKNS-2 upregulates autophagy by activating the Erk/mTOR and AMPK/mTOR pathways. AKNS-2 exerts its neuroprotective effect through autophagy activation and may serve as a potential candidate for PD therapy.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911423

ABSTRACT

Type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM) and heart failure (HF) often occur concomitantly and interact with each other, leading to poor prognosis and high mortality. T2DM is also an important risk factor for HF. Based on the relevant hot topics and late-breaking clinical trials of the 70th American College of Cardiology (ACC) scientific annual meeting, this paper elaborates on the importance of diabetes management and optimal management strategy for patients with diabetes and HF from aspects of epidemiology, the relationship between T2DM and HF, cardiovascular benefits of antihyperglycemic medication and evidence-based recommendations.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910309

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the radioactivity level of 90Sr in offshore seawater and seafood therein around Sanmen nuclear power plant (NPP) and to estimate the annual committed effective dose to local population from ingestion of 90Sr in seafood from 2015 to 2019. Methods:From 2015 to 2019, the offshore seawater and 3 kinds of marine products grown locally in Sanmen and consumed by local residents were collected for measurement of the level of 90Sr radioactivity. The committed effective doses to the local population were estimated based on monitoring result and consumption data on seafood in Zhejiang offshore. Results:The radioactivity concentrations of 90Sr ranged from 2.4 to 4.1 mBq/L in the seawater, close to the natural radioacrive background level and from 6.7×10 -2 to 1.3 Bq/kg in seafood, lower than the standard values specified in the "Limited concentrations of radioactive materials in foods" (GB 14882-94). Annual committed effective dose to the local population from 90Sr attributable to consumption of seafood in Sanmen County from 2015 to 2019 were 2.2×10 -4-4.2×10 -4mSv, respectively, far lower than the worldwide committed effective dose result ing from internal exposure. Conclusions:From 2015 to 2019, the radioactivity concentration of 90Sr in seawater and seafood are stable, with neglectable dose burden to the local population.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effects of posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis.@*METHODS@#Twenty-four patients with Kümmell disease complicated with kyphosis treated by posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty from January 2016 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 6 males and 18 females, aged 63 to 85 (73.1±6.5) years old. The clinical effect was evaluate by visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), the anterior height of injured vertebral body, and the sagittal Cobb angle of the affected segment beforeoperation, at 3 days and final follow up after operation. And the surgical complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 24 patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of (15.5±3.2) months. The VAS score was decreased from 5.21±1.06 preoperatively to 2.38±0.58 at 3 days postoperatively and 1.71±0.75 at final follow-up;ODI was decreased from (50.4±13.5)% preoperatively to (20.9±8.0)% at 3 days postoperatively and (16.7±9.6)% at final follow-up;the anterior height of injured vertebral body was restored from (8.0±4.2) mm before surgery to (18.1±5.0) mm at 3 days after surgery and (16.8±5.1) mm at final follow up;the sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment was decreased from (19.5±6.3)° preoperatively to (7.6±2.1)° at 3 days after surgery and(8.4±1.7)° at final follow-up. VAS, ODI, anterior height of injured vertebral body, and sagittal Cobb angle of affected segment were significantly improved at 3 days after operation and at final follow-up (@*CONCLUSION@#Posterior short-segment pedicle screw internal fixation combined with vertebroplasty for the treatment of Kümmell disease with kyphosis has relatively small surgical trauma, excellent clinical results, good vertebral height recovery, satisfactory correction of kyphotic angle, and fewer complications, etc. It is a safe and effective surgical method to treat Kümmell disease with kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Kyphosis/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Male , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , Thoracic Vertebrae/surgery , Vertebroplasty
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885985

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of combining two needling manipulations, Er Long Xi Zhu (two dragons playing with a pearl) and Guo Yan Re (heat produced to reach the eyes), in treating dry eye syndrome (DES) of lung-yin deficiency pattern. Methods: Fifty-six eligible DES patients of lung-yin deficiency were randomized into an observation group and a control group, with 28 cases in each group. Same acupoints were selected in the two groups: Cuanzhu (BL 2), Sizhukong (TE 23), Taiyang (EX-HN 5) and Fengchi (GB 20) were chosen as the major points and Feishu (BL 13) and Chize (LU 5) as the adjuvant. Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations were applied in the observation group while twirling reinforcing manipulation was used in the control group. Treatment was conducted once per day in both groups, for two sets of 15 consecutive days at a 2-day interval. Changes in the symptom score, tear break-up time (BUT) and tear production were observed afterwards, and the clinical efficacy was also compared between the two groups. Results: The total effective rate was 92.8% in the observation group, higher than 71.4% in the control group, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). After treatment, the symptom score, tear BUT and tear production showed significant improvements in both groups (all P<0.05); the symptom score, BUT and tear production in the observation group were significantly different from those in the control group (all P<0.05). Conclusion: Given the same acupoint selection, combining Er Long Xi Zhu and Guo Yan Re needling manipulations can produce more significant clinical efficacy than twirling reinforcing manipulation in treating DES of lung-yin deficiency pattern.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879404

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare accuracy of anterior cervical pedicle screws between assist of rapid prototyping 3D guide plate and free-hand insertion, and evaluate the safety of two methods.@*METHODS@#Eight adult cervical cadaver specimens after formaldehyde immersion, including 4 males and 4 females, aged 32 to 65(40.3±5.6) years old. After X-ray examination to exclude bone damage and deformity, 4 of them (3D guide plate group) randomly selected were for CT scan to obtain DICOM format data, and the data was imported into Mimics software for model, designed the ideal entry point and nail path for anterior cervicaltranspedicular screw (ATPS). After obtaining the personalized guide plate of the nail channel, it was exported as STL data, and the individual guide plate was printed by rapid prototyping and 3D printing technology. In turn, with the assistance of 3D guide plates, one-to-one personalized ATPS screws were placed on the four lower cervical cadaver specimens. Another 4 (free-hand group) lower cervical cadaver specimens were implanted with ATPS screws using free-hand technique. All specimens were performed CT thin-layer scanning and three-dimensional reconstruction after operation. The Tomasino method was used to evaluate the safety of the screws on the CT cross-sectional and sagittal images, to determine whether there was a cortical puncture of the lower and inner edges of the pedicle. According to the CT rating results, gradeⅠandⅡwere safe, and grade Ⅲ- Ⅴ were dangerous.And the accuracy of screws was recorded and analyzed between two groups.@*RESULTS@#Two screws were inserted in each segment from C@*CONCLUSION@#The 3D printing rapid prototyping guide plate assisted insertion of the anterior cervical pedicle screw can significantly improve the accuracy and safety, and provide a theoretical basis for further clinical application.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Printing, Three-Dimensional
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 920-926, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878086

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Cumulative blood pressure (BP), a measure incorporating the level and duration of BP exposure, is associated with the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the level at which cumulative BP could significantly increase the risk remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the association of 15-year cumulative BP levels with the long-term risk of CVD, and to examine whether the association is independent of BP levels at one examination.@*METHODS@#Data from a 26-year follow-up of the Chinese Multi-provincial Cohort Study-Beijing Project were analyzed. Cumulative BP levels between 1992 and 2007 were calculated among 2429 participants free of CVD in 2007. Cardiovascular events (including coronary heart disease and stroke) occurring from 2007 to 2018 were registered. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for CVD incidence associated with quartiles of cumulative systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were calculated.@*RESULTS@#Of the 2429 participants, 42.9% (1042) were men, and the mean age in 2007 was 62.1 ± 7.9 years. Totally, 207 CVD events occurred during the follow-up from 2007 to 2018. Participants with higher levels of cumulative SBP or DBP exhibited a higher incidence rate of CVD (P < 0.001). Compared with the lowest quartile of cumulative SBP, the HR for CVD was 1.03 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.59-1.81), 1.69 (95% CI: 0.99-2.87), and 2.20 (95% CI: 1.21-3.98) for the second to the fourth quartile of cumulative SBP, and 1.46 (95% CI: 0.86-2.48), 1.99 (95% CI: 1.18-3.35), and 2.08 (95% CI: 1.17-3.71) for the second to the fourth quartile of cumulative DBP, respectively. In further cross-combined group analyses with BP measurements in 2007, 15-year cumulative BP levels higher than the median, that is, 1970.8/1239.9 mmHg·year for cumulative SBP/DBP, which were equivalent to maintaining SBP/DBP levels of 131/83 mmHg or above on average in 15 years, were associated with higher risk of CVD in subsequent years independent of BP measurements at one-time point.@*CONCLUSION@#Cumulative exposure to moderate elevation of BP is independently associated with increased future cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asians , Blood Pressure/physiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Humans , Hypertension/epidemiology , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Risk Factors
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876068

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate mid-term outcomes of pulmonary valve replacement surgery after repair of tetralogy of Fallot. Methods    A total of 73 patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot who underwent pulmonary valve replacement surgery in our hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were enrolled, including 42 males and 31 females. The median age was 3.9 (0.2-42.8) years at initial repair and 20.0 (2.0-50.0) years at pulmonary valve replacement. The clinical data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Results    There was no death in postoperative 30 d. The average follow-up time was 35.6±28.5 months, and no death occurred during the follow-up. One patient underwent a second reintervention after initial pulmonary valve replacement. The 1- and 5-year survival rates were both 100.0%, the 1- and 5-year reintervention-free rates were both 100.0%, and the 1- and 5-year valve failure-free rates were 100.0% and 67.1%. There was no significant difference in valve failure-free rates between different age groups (P=0.49) and different type of valve groups (P=0.74). The right (P=0.006) and left (P=0.002) ventricular ejection fractions were significantly improved, and the QRS duration was shortened after pulmonary valve replacement (P=0.006). Conclusion    Mid-term outcomes of surgical pulmonary valve replacement were satisfactory in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot, while the long-term effects should be further emphasized in clinical practice.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811511

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has occurred in China. Higher risk of COVID-19 infection and worse prognosis were observed among patients with diabetes. There are rigorous challenges existing in terms of diabetes prevention and glycemic control in primary medical care during period of COVID-19. Here, expert recommendations were developed by Chinese diabetologists, healthcare providers, and public health administrators to improve the ability of primary health facilities and provide standardized basic public health and medical services throughout country. The main contents include basic requirements for management, workflow of health management, referral, treatment, and long-term follow-up.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824964

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy between 'warming-unblocking needling technique' and reinforcing method by twirling in treating knee osteoarthritis (KOA) due to deficiency of liver and kidney. Methods: A total of 72 patients with KOA were divided into a warming-unblocking group and a reinforcing group by complete randomized method, with 36 cases in each group. Xuehai (SP 10), Heding (EX-LE 2), Liangqiu (ST 34), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Xizhong (Extra), Dubi (ST 35), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Zusanli (ST 36) and Yanglingquan (GB 34) were the main points in both groups. Taichong (LR 3), Taixi (KI 3) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) were the combined points. 'Warming-unblocking needling technique' was applied in the warming-unblocking group, and reinforcing method by twirling was applied in the reinforcing group. The treatments were performed once a day, 10 times as a treatment course, at a 2-day interval between two courses, for 3 courses in total. The scores of Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) in the two groups were observed before and after the treatment, and the clinical efficacy was compared. Results: After treatment, the total effective rate was 94.3% in the warming-unblocking group and 87.9% in the reinforcing group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05). The component scores of pain, stiffness and daily activities in WOMAC and total WOMAC scores in both groups decreased after treatment (all P<0.01). The component and total WOMAC scores in the warming-unblocking group were lower than those in the reinforcing group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion:'Warming-unblocking needling technique' has significant efficacy than reinforcing method by twirling in treating KOA due to deficiency of liver and kidney. It can significantly improve pain, stiffness and daily functional activities of patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870016

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has occurred in China. Higher risk of COVID-19 infection and worse prognosis were observed among patients with diabetes. There are rigorous challenges existing in terms of diabetes prevention and glycemic control in primary medical care during period of COVID-19. Here, expert recommendations were presented by Chinese diabetologists, healthcare providers, and public health administrators to improve the ability of primary health facilities and provide standardized basic public health and medical services throughout the country. The main contents include basic requirements for management, workflow of health management, referral, treatment, as well as the long-term follow-up.

19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1025-1031, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence of respiratory viral infections in patients with primary immunodeficiency disease (PID) during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.@*METHODS@#108 specimens of nasopharyngeal aspirate were collected from 22 PID patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation from July 2016 to July 2018 in the Department of Hematology. The TR-PCR was used to detect for respiratory viruses including respiratory syncytial virus(RSV),human metapneumoviros(hMPV),coronavirus(CoV) and parainfluenza 1-3 (PIV1-3). And the clinical characteristics and co-infection were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among the total 108 specimens, viral pathogens were identified in 41 (37.96%) specimens. Among which the pathogens of highest detection rate was RSV (25.9%). Different types of PID showed different virus infection rates, among which the highest infection rate was severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) patients, with the virus detection rate was 57.9%. The incidence of co-infection with two or more than two viruses was 19.5%.@*CONCLUSION@#Patients with PID who undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation are more susceptible to respiratory viruses. RSV is an important respiratory tract virus pathogen after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


Subject(s)
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Metapneumovirus , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases , Therapeutics , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Tract Infections
20.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 248-252, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818221

ABSTRACT

Objective Studies are rarely reported on the factors influencing prognosis of surgically resected lung adenocarcinoma with a micropapillary pattern (LAC-MPP). This study aimed to explore the clinicopathological characteristics and risk factors of surgically resected LAC-MPP. Methods We retrospectively analyzed 384 cases of LAC treated in Henan Cancer Hospital between June 2015 and December 2017, which were classified into an MPP group (n = 82) and a non-MPP control group (n = 302) according to the results of postoperative pathology. We determined the expression of the fusion protein anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), analyzed its association with the clinicopathological features of LAC-MPP, and explored the risk factors of postoperative MPP. Results Compared with the non-MPP group, the LAC-MPP patients showed a significantly higher expression of ALK (0.03% vs 12.20%, P < 0.05), rate of bronchial invasion (30.80% vs 48.78%, P < 0.05) and vascular tumor thrombus (0.99% vs 25.61%, P < 0.05), but a lower mutation rate of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) (64.24% vs 51.22%, P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the expression of ALK, vascular tumor thrombus, and age were significantly associated with the risk of postoperative MPP. Conclusion There is a high incidence rate of ALK expression in LAC-MPP patients after operation, which may provide some new ideas for the clinical treatment of the disease. Special attention should be paid to the expression of the ALK fusion protein and vascular tumor thrombus, and age in patients with LAC-MPP after operation.

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