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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 455-461, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013637

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the mechanism of ligu aged 2 months of the same strain were used as the constilide (LIG) in delaying the senescence of auditory trol (Ctrl) group. Auditory brainstem response test was cortex and treating central presbycusis. Methods used to detect the auditory threshold of mice before and Forty C57BL/6J mice aged 13 months were randomly di after treatment. Levels of serum MDA and activity of vided into ligustilide low-dose(L-LIG) group, ligustil serum SOD were detected to display the level of oxidative ide medium-dose (M-LIG) group, ligustilide high-dose stress. The pathological changes of auditory cortex were (H-LIG) group and aging (Age) group, and 10 mice observed by HE staining. Ferroptosis was observed by

2.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 189-195, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970774

ABSTRACT

Oral diseases are highly prevalent in China, while oral health services are generally underutilized and public health resources are wasted. Lacking oral insurance may be one of the leading causes. The basic medical insurance of China does not cover dental care in most cities, which is worthy to further discuss. To better understand the experience of dental insurance from international dental care practice, the dental coverage scope, content, co-pay ratio, and effects of oral insurance on oral health improvement from the abroad countries with typical health insurance systems were summarized by using scoping review. Then, we discussed the coverage scope for dental health of basic medical insurance and private insurance in China. We also analyzed the current issues of dental care coverage and cost-share. At last, we proposed thoughts and suggestions to establish and improve a multi-level oral health insurance system with Chinese characteristics under the basic medical insurance frame. In particular, we gave suggestions on increasing the coverage for high dental care xpenditure by ebasic medical insurance, supplying children and teenagers with preventive dental care, and encouraging private insurance companies to cover dental care expenditure.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Humans , Insurance, Dental , Dental Care , China
3.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 68-74, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970757

ABSTRACT

Enamel formation is a series of complex physiological processes, which are regulated by critical genes spatially and temporally. These processes involve multiple developmental stages covering ages and are prone to suffer signal interference or gene mutations, ultimately leading to developmental defects of enamel (DDE). Epigenetic modifications have important regulatory roles in gene expression during enarnel development. New technologies including high-throughput sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-seq), and DNA methylation chip are emerging in recent years, making it possible to establish genome-wide epigenetic modification profiles during developmental processes. The regulatory role of epigenetic modification with spatio-temporal pattern, such as DNA methylation, histone modification and non-coding RNA, has significantly expanded our understanding of the regulatory network of enamel formation, providing a new theoretical basis of clinical management and intervention strategy for DDE. The present review briefly describes the enamel formation process of human beings' teeth as well as rodent incisors and summarizes the dynamic characteristics of epigenetic modification during enamel formation. The functions of epigenetic modification in enamel formation and DDE are also emphatically discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epigenesis, Genetic , Developmental Defects of Enamel , DNA Methylation , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , Dental Enamel
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2767-2780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981380

ABSTRACT

The chemical compositions of Rodgersia aesculifolia were isolated and purified using a combination of silica gel, reverse phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures were determined according to the physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. The MTT method and the ABTS kit were used to measure the cytotoxicity and antioxidant capacity of all isolates, respectively. Thirty-four compounds were isolated from R. aesculifolia and elucidated as stigmastane-6β-methoxy-3β,5α-diol(1), stigmastane-3β,5α,6β triol(2), β-sitosterol(3), β-daucosterol(4), stigmast-4-en-3-one(5), bergenin(6), 11-β-D-glucopyranosyl-bergenin(7), 11-O-galloybergenin(8), 1,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(9), gallic acid(10), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester(11), ethyl gallate(12), ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate(13), caffeic acid ethyl ester(14), p-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid(15), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid(16), 2,3-dihydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-propan-1-one(17), 3,7-dimethyl-2-octene-1,7-diol(18), crocusatin-B(19), neroplomacrol(20), geniposide(21), 3-hydroxyurs-12-en-27-oic acid(22), 3β-trans-p-coumaroyloxy-olean-12-en-27-oic acid(23), aceriphyllic acid G(24), isolariciresinol(25), trans-rodgersinine B(26), cis-rodgersinine A(27), neo-olivil(28),(7S,8R)-dihydro-3'-hydroxy-8-hydroxy-methyl-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy phenyl)-1'-benzofuranpropanol(29), 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone(30), quercetin 3-rutinoside(31), catechin-[8,7-e]-4β-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl)-dihydro-2(3H)-pyranone(32), ethyl α-L-arabino-furanoside(33), and l-linoleoylglycerol(34). One new compound was discovered(compound 1), 25 compounds were first isolated from R. aesculifolia, and 22 compounds were first isolated from the Rodgersia plant. The results indicated that compounds 22-24 possessed cytotoxicity for HepG2, MCF-7, HCT-116, BGC-823, and RAFLS cell lines(IC_(50) ranged from 5.89 μmol·L~(-1) to 20.5 μmol·L~(-1)). Compounds 8-14 and 30-32 showed good antioxidant capacity, and compound 9 showed the strongest antioxidant activity with IC_(50) of(2.00±0.12) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/analysis , Silica Gel/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
5.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 829-837, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors associated with the positive results of early postpartum depression screening.Methods:This study involved 2 889 women who were negative in prenatal depression screening and delivered in the Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province from 1 March to 30 April 2021. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) score, Adaptation Partnership Growth Affection Resolve (APGAR) score, and related living habits of the enrolled subjects were investigated on the 5th to 7th day after delivery. All patients were divided into two groups with 2 354 in the negative group (EPDS score<13) and 535 in the positive group (EPDS score≥13), based on the EPDS scores at 5 to 7 days postpartum. Chi-square test, trend Chi-square test, and rank-sum test were used for univariate analysis. Risk factors associated with positive depression screening were analyzed using binary logistic regression. Results:Univariate analysis suggested that there were statistically significant differences between the two groups in maternal personality, marital relationship, family functioning, sleep quality during pregnancy, smoking and drinking habits during pregnancy, prenatal EPDS score, mode of delivery, whether or not to have intrapartum cesarean section and forceps delivery, duration of labor in vaginal delivery, the proportions of puerperae and neonates who were transferred to intensive care unit (ICU), twin pregnancy, placenta previa, abnormal fetal position, premature birth, postpartum hemorrhage, and having three or more complication (all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis suggested that extravertion ( OR=0.483, 95% CI:0.369-0.632), good marital relations ( OR=0.540, 95% CI:0.422-0.691) and good sleep during pregnancy ( OR=0.340, 95% CI:0.245-0.471) were protective factors for early postpartum depression, while introversion ( OR=1.632, 95% CI:1.275-2.088), poor marital relations ( OR=3.495, 95% CI: 1.946-6.276), moderate family dysfuntion ( OR=4.038, 95% CI:2.667-6.114) and severe family dysfunction ( OR=20.234, 95% CI: 2.446-167.364), smoking ( OR=2.071, 95% CI:1.315-3.263) and drinking during pregnancy ( OR=1.924, 95% CI:1.142-3.243), twin pregnancy ( OR=2.680, 95% CI:1.435-5.005), placenta previa ( OR=2.567, 95% CI:1.316-5.009), having three or more complications ( OR=1.876, 95% CI: 1.316-2.674), forceps delivery ( OR=3.043, 95% CI:1.185-7.816), intrapartum cesarean section ( OR=1.917, 95% CI:1.232-2.982), postpartum hemorrhage ( OR=1.668, 95% CI:1.069-2.604), and postpartum ICU admission ( OR=2.601, 95% CI: 1.112-6.086) were risk factors for early postpartum depression. Conclusions:Healthy living habits, and good mood contribute to decreasing postpartum depression in pregnant women. Education for parturients with serious illness or complications should be strengthened to help develop a proper understanding of the disease.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 519-525, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958104

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate and analyze the factors influencing breastfeeding in parturients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU).Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted on parturients from the ICU of Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Hubei Province from March 1 to August 31, 2020, whose delivery information and reasons for ICU admission were retrieved from the electronic medical record system. Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES), Emotion Regulation Scale (ERS), and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) scores were assessed between postpartum day 3-7. Half a year after delivery, basic information about the parturients, sources of available breastfeeding knowledge, and breastfeeding data were surveyed through Wenjuanxing, an online questionnaire platform. Wilcoxon test, t-test, Chi-square test (or calibration Chi-square, or Fisher's exact test), trend test, and binary logistic regression were adopted for statistical analysis. Results:A total of 138 parturients were enrolled and divided into the breastfeeding group ( n=117) and bottle-feeding group ( n=21). Both mixed feeding and exclusive breastfeeding women were eligible for the breastfeeding group, which were further classified as subgroup A (breastfeeding ≥6 months, n=67) and subgroup B (breastfeeding <6 months, n=50). A higher breastfeeding rate was observed in parturients with good or excellent postpartum appetite ["average", "good" and "excellent" in both groups were 21.4%(25/117), 59.8%(70/117) and 18.8%(22/117) vs 85.7%(18/21), 14.3%(3/21) and 0.0%(0/21), χ2=27.29], adequate daily sleep [defined as ≥ 6 hours per day, 87.2%(102/117) vs 57.2%(12/21), χ2=10.99], higher BSES [107.00(92.00-122.00) vs 55.00(50.00- 68.50), Z=6.41], and ERS score [52.00(45.50-59.00) vs 38.00(27.05-42.50), Z=5.05], and access to breastfeeding knowledge through hospital education [59.0%(69/117) vs 4.8%(1/21), χ2=18.82] and self-study [62.4% (73/117) vs 33.3% (7/21), χ2=6.17] (all P<0.05). At the same time, those who had postpartum hemorrhage [18.8% (22/117) vs 42.9% (9/21), χ2=5.91], pregnancy complicated by heart disease [5.1% (6/117) vs 23.8% (5/21), χ2=8.47], and EPDS score≥13 [13.7% (16/117) vs 61.9% (13/21), χ2=24.95] had a lower breastfeeding rate (all P<0.05). Patients with good postpartum appetite ["average", "good" and "excellent" in both groups were 7.5%(5/67), 68.7%(46/67) and 23.9%(16/67) vs 40.0%(20/50), 48.0%(24/50)and 12.0%(6/50), χ2=13.96], adequate daily sleep [94.0% (63/67) vs 78% (39/50), χ2=6.57], higher BSES [115.00(106.00-131.00) vs 92.50 (68.00-104.00), Z=6.29], and ERS score [57.00(54.00-60.00) vs 45.50(38.00-50.00), Z=7.80] accounted for a higher proportion in subgroup A, while those with insufficiency lactation [41.8% (28/67) vs 76.0% (38/50), χ2=13.63], postpartum hemorrhage [9.0% (6/67) vs 32.0% (16/50), χ2=9.96], and EPDS score≥13[7.5%(5/67) vs 22.0%(11/50), χ2=5.13] accounted for lower proportion (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that good postpartum appetite ( OR=8.016, 95% CI: 1.908-33.679; OR=2.227, 95% CI: 1.059-4.682) and adequate hospital breastfeeding education ( OR=30.013, 95% CI: 3.022-298.047; OR=2.596, 95% CI: 1.035-6.512) were the promoting factors for both breastfeeding and duration more than six months, while EPDS score≥13 ( OR=0.179, 95% CI: 0.044-0.720) was a hindering factor for its ibreastfeeding and insufficient lactation ( OR=0.230, 95% CI: 0.091-0.582), and postpartum hemorrhage ( OR=0.288, 95% CI: 0.087-0.947) were barriers to breastfeeding ≥6 months. Conclusions:Appetite, sleep, access to the knowledge of breastfeeding, maternal complications, family support, and emotion can affect the rate and duration of breastfeeding in parturients admitted to ICU, for whom early assessment of basic information, active treatment of complications, breastfeeding education, and guidance from health professionals, and more family and social support can be helpful.

7.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 68-75, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935831

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of csn2 gene deficiency on starvation tolerance and extracellular polysaccharides (EPS) synthesis in an oligotrophic environment of Streptococcus mutans (Sm). Methods: The csn2 gene deletion strains and complementary strains of Sm were cultivated and then an oligotrophic growth environment for Sm growth by setting different concentration gradient media were created. Cell growth in oligotrophic environment was detected by growth curve. Biofilm volume was measured by crystalline violet staining. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and laser confocal microscope were performed to observe the biofilm structure of Sm. The synthesis of EPS was measured by the anthrone-sulfuric acid method. The expression of genes related to EPS synthesis was evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Results: The growth curve results showed that the deletion of csn2 gene inhibited the growth of Sm under starvation stress. Furthermore, the results of laser confocal microscope showed that the biofilm EPS/bacteria ratios produced by the wild-type strain, csn2 gene-deficient strain and complement strains under nutrient sufficient culture conditions were 0.44±0.07, 1.05±0.13 and 0.57±0.08 respectively, while the ratios of EPS/bacteria in an oligotrophic environment were 0.93±0.24, 3.05±0.21 and 1.32±0.46 respectively, indicating that the deletion of csn2 gene enhanced the ability of extracellular polysaccharide synthesis of Sm in the oligotrophic environment. The expression levels of EPS synthesis-related genes gtfB and gtfC were up-regulated by 2.5 fold and 1.8 fold respectively and the expression level of gtfD was down-regulated by two-thirds. Conclusions: The csn2 gene deficiency showed multiple effects on the physiological functions and virulence characteristics of Sm, including starvation tolerance and EPS synthesis. These changes might be related to the shift of the complex regulative network caused by csn2 gene deletion.


Subject(s)
Biofilms , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Polysaccharides , Streptococcus mutans/genetics
8.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 52-59, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935829

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of straight-line minimally invasive access cavity on the mechanical properties of endodontically treated maxillary first premolars using finite element analysis. Methods: Micro-CT data of twenty maxillary first premolars were collected for three-dimensional reconstruction. Three access cavities, including the conventional access cavity (ConvAC), the truss access cavity (TrussAC) and the straight-line minimally invasive access cavity (SMIAC), as well as the root canal treatment procedure, were simulated in all the 20 reconstruction samples of three-dimensional models, respectively. The peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of each model, as well as the stress distribution under vertical and oblique loading circumstances, were subsequently determined by using finite element analysis. Results: In comparison to the stresses of ConvAC [buccal cervical (BC): (188.7±13.4) MPa, palatal cervical (PC): (200.9±25.7) MPa], the stresses of TrussAC [BC: (146.0±12.9) MPa, PC: (167.6±15.9) MPa] (t=9.01, P<0.001; t=4.59, P<0.001) and SMIAC [BC: (142.6±13.7) MPa, PC: (168.1±17.4) MPa] (t=9.64, P<0.001; t=3.76, P=0.004) significantly reduced the peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of the maxillary first premolars after root canal treatment. Under vertical loading conditions, SMIAC also reduced the central tendency of stresses on the occlusal surface, cervical area and root. In the case of oblique loading conditions, similar results were observed. Under both loading conditions, there was no significant difference in the peak von Mises stress on the cervical area of the maxillary first premolar between TrussAC and SMIAC groups. Conclusions: The design of SMIAC could preserve the mechanical properties of the maxillary first premolar following root canal treatment, which might have certain clinical feasibility.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Dental Stress Analysis , Finite Element Analysis , Root Canal Therapy , Stress, Mechanical , X-Ray Microtomography
9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 10-15, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935823

ABSTRACT

Root canal therapy is the common treatment for endodontic infections. Successful root canal therapy depends on favorable root canal preparation, root canal medication and three-dimensional obturation of the root canal system. The key to successful root canal therapy is to prevent re-infection of the highly complex root canal systems by removing infecious biofilms and bacterial toxins in the root canal system. The present paper reviews the pathogenic mechanism of the Enterococcus faecalis in the harsh environment of root canal system, the inflammation and immunity of refractory periapical periodontitis and the progress of infection control methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity , Enterococcus faecalis , Periapical Periodontitis/therapy , Persistent Infection , Root Canal Irrigants , Root Canal Preparation , Root Canal Therapy
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2195-2199, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928160

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombotic mechanism of Jingfang Granules on tail thrombosis induced by carrageenan in mice. Thirty-two male ICR mice were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a Jingfang Granules group, and a positive drug(aspirin) group, with eight mice in each group. The thrombosis model was induced by intraperitoneal injection of carrageenan(45 mg·kg~(-1)) combined with low-temperature stimulation, and the mice were treated with drugs for 7 days before modeling. Twenty-four hours after modeling, blood was detected for four blood coagulation indices in each group. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the activity of plasma interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), and other inflammatory factors. The tails of mice in each group were cut off to observe tail lesions and measure the length of the thrombus. The protein expression and phosphorylation level of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2(ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase(p38 MAPK) in spleen tissues were detected by Western blot. The results showed that dark red thrombus appeared in the tails of mice in each group. The length of the black part accounted for about 40% of the total tail in the model group. Additionally, the model group showed prolonged prothrombin time(PT), increased fibrinogen(FIB) content, and shortened activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT). Compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention displayed shortened black parts in the tail and improved four blood coagulation indices(P<0.05). As revealed by ELISA, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 in the mouse plasma were significantly up-regulated in the model group, and those in the groups with drug intervention were reduced as compared with the model group(P<0.05). As demonstrated by Western blot, the protein expression and phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK in the spleen tissues were significantly elevated in the model group, while those in the Jingfang Granules group were down-regulated as compared with the model group with a significant difference. Jingfang Granules can inhibit tail thrombosis of mice caused by carrageenan presumedly by inhibiting the activation of ERK1/2 and p38 MAPK signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Carrageenan/adverse effects , Interleukin-6/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice, Inbred ICR , Signal Transduction , Thrombosis/drug therapy , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism
11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 643-648, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907497

ABSTRACT

Behcet′s disease is a chronic, multisystemic, inflammatory disease characterized by recurrent episodes of mucous membranes, eyes, musculoskeletal, blood vessels, central nervous system, and gastrointestinal tract.The treatment of Behcet′s disease varies according to the degree of organ involvement, gender and age of the patient, and there is no standard treatment. Behcet′s disease can be divided into vascular type, gastrointestinal type and neural type. Vascular type often leads to high mortality and disability rate.Glucocorticoids, azathioprine and cyclophosphamide are still recommended as first-line treatments for vascular Behcet′s disease.However, with the use of tumor necrosis factor inhibitors, they are an acceptable option for the treatment of refractory vascular Bezier′s disease.This article reviews the current treatment of vascular Behcet′s disease.

12.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 139-142, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951115

ABSTRACT

Rationale: This case report presents the diagnosis and etiology of hilar/mediastinal lymphadenopathy in a male patient. Patient concerns: A 49-year-old man presented with fever and dyspnea after physical exertion. Diagnosis: The patient was diagnosed with melioidosis by cultivation of lymph node aspirate on blood agar using the VITEK 2 compact system. Interventions: The patient was treated with ceftazidime intravenously, combined with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole orally for 1 week. Once the patient was discharged, he began a 12-week course of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Outcomes: The patient recovered after treatment with ceftazidime and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Conclusions: Melioidosis is an infectious disease that mainly occurs in tropical regions. It can cause severe sepsis and pneumonia, and the infection in some patients may become chronic. Endobronchial ultrasound-transbronchial needle aspiration is a useful technique in the diagnosis of patients with hilar/mediastinal lymphadenopathy.

13.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 469-474, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887761

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To identify the alternative splicing isoform of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2, and investigate the effect of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) local injection on T1R2 alternative splicing and the function of sweet taste receptor as one of the bacterial virulence factors.@*METHODS@#After mouse taste bud tissue isolation was conducted, RNA extraction and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were performed to identify the splicing isoform of T1R2. Heterologous expression experiments @*RESULTS@#T1R2 splicing isoform T1R2_Δe3p formed sweet taste receptors with T1R3, which could not be activated by sweet taste stimuli and significantly downregulated the function of canonical T1R2/T1R3. Local LPS injection significantly increased the expression ratio of T1R2_Δe3p in mouse taste buds.@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS stimulation affects the alternative splicing of mouse sweet taste receptor T1R2 and significantly upregulates the expression of non-functional isoform T1R2_Δe3p, suggesting that T1R2 alternative splicing regulation may be one of the mechanisms by which microbial infection affects host taste perception.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alternative Splicing , Lipopolysaccharides , Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled/metabolism , Taste , Taste Buds
14.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 479-482, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885447

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify anti-dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein 6 (DPPX) antibody in patients with encephalitis of unknown etiology and describe the clinical features of anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis in Chinese patients.Methods:For patients registered in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital Encephalitis and Paraneoplastic Syndrome Registration Project from 2016 to 2019 with negative findings in autoimmune encephalitis routine antibody profile and paraneoplastic antibody profile, but with positive tissue-based assay (TBA) results, further tests for rare antibodies, including cell-based assay (CBA) of anti-DPPX antibody, were performed. Patients positive for anti-DPPX antibody were enrolled and the clinical data were collected.Results:Two patients with anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis were found from 2016 to 2019 among about 15 000 patients. Both were females, aged 46 and 75 years. One patient had diarrhea, cachexia, cognitive dysfunction, agitation, myoclonus, tremor, and seizures. The other had cognitive impairment, restlessness, memory loss, disorientation, and sleep disturbance. The second patient had medical history of systemic lupus erythematosus and secondary Sj?gren′s syndrome.Conclusions:TBA should be combined with CBA in identification of anti-DPPX antibody to confirm the diagnosis. Anti-DPPX antibody-associated encephalitis has clinical manifestations of encephalopathy with diarrhea and cachexia, and can coexist with systemic lupus erythematosus.

15.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 161-169, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881059

ABSTRACT

Gualou-Xiebai-Banxia decoction has a long history of medical use for treating cardiovascular diseases in China. In this study, we investigated the protective effect and underlying mechanisms GXB in type II diabetes with acute myocardial ischemia (T2DM-AMI) rats. We hypothesized that GXB may display its protective effect on T2DM-AMI by reducing endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) apoptosisviaactivating PI3K (phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase)/Akt (serine/threonine protein kinase B)/eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) signaling. Rats were challenged with a high-fat diet and intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin to induce a model of type II diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and coronary ligation to induce acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Changes in metabolites were assessed via enzyme-linked immunoassay and biochemical examination. The number and apoptosis rate of EPCs in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Target mRNAs and proteins in EPCs were analyzed by RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. The results demonstrated that GXB treatment decreased T2DM-AMI-associated changes in plasma fasting blood glucose, muscular enzymes, and blood lipids, and reduced oxidative stress. Furthermore, EPC apoptosis was increased in T2DM-AMI rats and was associated with decreased mRNA and protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS compared to the controls. Conversely, T2DM-AMI rats treated with GXB exhibited more circulating EPCs and downregulated levels of cell apoptosis, combined with increased mRNA and protein levels of PI3K, Akt, and eNOS compared to those of untreated T2DM-AMI rats. Our study showed that GXB treatment mitigated EPC apoptosis and promoted PI3K/Akt/eNOS signaling in T2DM-AMI rats.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 901-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of hematocrit (HCT) on the parameters of thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy adults, so as to judge coagulation and fibrinolysis more accurately.@*METHODS@#Three hundred and ninety-three healthy adults examined in Chengdu 363 Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from May 2018 to May 2019 were selected. HCT and TEG were detected at the same time. The differences of TEG parameters between the high HCT group and the low HCT group were compared. The correlation between HCT and TEG parameters was analyzed. The differences of TEG parameters between the healthy adults in Plateau and plain areas were compared.@*RESULTS@#Among the parameters of TEG, R and K in high HCT group were significantly higher, and Angle, MA and CI were significantly lower than those in low HCT group, which showed statistically significance (P0.05). R and K positively correlated with HCT (r=0.112, 0.517, P=0.027, 0.000), and Angle, MA and CI negatively correlated with HCT (r=-0.490, -0.408, -0.414, P=0.000). LY30 and EPL not correlated with HCT (P>0.05). HCT in plateau area was significantly higher than that in plain area (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The difference of HCT may affect the values of R, K, Angle, MA and CI in TEG parameters. R and K positively correlate with HCT, while Angle, MA and CI negatively correlate with HCT. It is suggested that a suitable TEG reference range for the local population should be established, in plateau area especially K, Angle, MA and CI, which will be more conducive to the accurate evaluation of patients' coagulation and fibrinolysis status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Blood Coagulation , Hematocrit , Reference Values , Thrombelastography
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1436-1449, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922277

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#LncRNA ITGB2-AS1 has been found to play important roles in the occurrence and development of human solid tumors. However, its role in hematological diseases, especially acute myeloid leukemia (AML), remains unclear. The aim of this study was to identify the expression pattern of ITGB2-AS1 in AML patients and to further explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#ITGB2-AS1 expression was analyzed in public datasets (including TCGA and GSE63270) and further validated in a cohort of 109 AML patients by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR).@*RESULTS@#The level of ITGB2-AS1 was up-regulated among two independent cohorts (TCGA, P<0.05; GSE63270, P<0.05), which was confirmed by the data from 109 AML patients enrolled in this study (P<0.05). Clinically, high ITGB2-AS1 expression was associated with older age (P=0.023) and lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.005). Multivariate analysis identified that high ITGB2-AS1 expression was an independent prognostic factor not only for CR rate (P=0.027) but also for overall survival (OS) time (P=0.011), and ITGB2-AS1 was positively correlated with ITGB2 expression in both TCGA (r=0.74, P<0.001) and clinical data detected in this study (r=0.881, P<0.001). High ITGB2 expression was also associated with older age (P=0.02) and lower CR rate (P=0.020). Moreover, high ITGB2 expression predicted worse OS (P=0.028).@*CONCLUSION@#ITGB2-AS1 is overexpressed in AML and predicts poor prognosis in AML patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2256-2263, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829372

ABSTRACT

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common reproductive endocrine disease, which is mainly characterized by hyperandrogenemia, rare or anovulation, and polycystic ovarian changes. PCOS is seriously harmful and its causes are complex, which has not yet been clarified. Studies have shown that non-coding RNAs play important roles in the development of PCOS, including the regulation of hormone metabolism and follicle development. Exosomes are natural nano-scale membrane vesicles that contain cell-specific proteins, lipids, nucleic acids, and other biologically active molecules. Exosomes are important mediators for intercellular communication and new targets for disease diagnosis and treatment. Recent studies have shown that as an important component of follicle microenvironment, exosome is closely related to the pathogenesis of PCOS. Exosome and exosomal non-coding RNAs are expected to serve as potential new diagnostic and therapeutic targets for PCOS. In this review, we will summarize the function of exosome and exosomal non-coding RNA in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of PCOS.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 131-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780568

ABSTRACT

A pre-column derivatization and ultra-high performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) method was developed for qualitative and quantitative determination of medium- and short-chain fatty acids in mice feces, and was further applied to evaluate variations in the feces of mice before and after antibiotic treatment. This animal experiment had been approved by Animal Experimental Ethics Committee of Jiangsu Province Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine. By optimizing the derivatization conditions and UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS parameters a new UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS method with 3-nitrophenylhydrazine as the derivatization reagent was developed for simultaneous determination of 16 medium- and short-chain fatty acids. Validation studies showed that the linearity of the calibration curves was good (R2>0.99), the RSD of intra-day and inter-day precision was less than 10%, the repeatability RSD was less than 6%, the recovery rate was between 80% - 120% at three spiked levels, and the stability RSD was less than 7% within 36 h. The types and amounts of the detected medium- and short-chain fatty acids in feces significantly changed after the mice were treated with antibiotics. The content of formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, isobutyric acid, valeric acid, and lactic acid decreased, whereas that of heptanoic acid and succinic acid increased significantly. All these results suggest that the newly established method is accurate and reliable, and can be used for determination of medium- and short-chain fatty acids in feces.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1362-1366, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837685

ABSTRACT

@#As one of the stimulus-response polymeric intelligent materials, shape memory polymers have been widely applied in biomedicine due to their better biocompatibility, higher controllability, stronger deformation restorability and biodegradability compared with shape memory alloys and shape memory ceramics. This review will introduce the structural principles of shape memory polymers and summarize their applications in the treatment of vascular diseases, especially in endovascular therapy. At the same time, the related technical problems and the future of shape memory polymers are prospected. With the continuous development of processing technology and materials, it can be predicted that shape memory polymers will be more widely used in the medical field.

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