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1.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1477-1492, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916863

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Dedicated breast CT is an emerging volumetric X-ray imaging modality for diagnosis that does not require any painful breast compression. To improve the detection rate of weakly enhanced lesions, an adaptive image rescaling (AIR) technique was proposed. @*Materials and Methods@#Two disks containing five identical holes and five holes of different diameters were scanned using 60/100 kVp to obtain single-energy CT (SECT), dual-energy CT (DECT), and AIR images. A piece of pork was also scanned as a subclinical trial. The image quality was evaluated using image contrast and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). The difference of imaging performances was confirmed using student’s t test. @*Results@#Total mean image contrast of AIR (0.70) reached 74.5% of that of DECT (0.94) and was higher than that of SECT (0.22) by 318.2%. Total mean CNR of AIR (5.08) was 35.5% of that of SECT (14.30) and was higher than that of DECT (2.28) by 222.8%. A similar trend was observed in the subclinical study. @*Conclusion@#The results demonstrated superior image contrast of AIR over SECT, and its higher overall image quality compared to DECT with half the exposure. Therefore, AIR seems to have the potential to improve the detectability of lesions with dedicated breast CT.

2.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : e2-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902567

ABSTRACT

The reproductive tracts have an intimate relationship with reproduction because there are bacterial communities that can affect reproductive health. The differences in the bacterial community of periparturient dairy cows were investigated. Vaginal and fecal samples were collected seven days before and after calving, and DNA was extracted to sequence the V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA genes. In the postpartum vaginas, operational taxonomic units, Chao1, Shannon, and Simpson were decreased, and phyla Fusobacteria and Bacteroidetes were increased. In summary, bacterial abundance can affect the periparturient biological differences in dairy cows, suggesting a susceptibility to infection within one week after calving.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 45-54, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874353

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to reduce radiation doses to the tongue, a patient-specific semi-customized tongue immobilization device (SCTID) was developed using a 3D printer for helical tomotherapy (HT) of nasopharyngeal cancer (NPCa). Dosimetric characteristics and setup stability of the SCTID were compared with those of a standard mouthpiece (SMP). @*Materials and Methods@#For displacement and robust immobilization of the tongue, the SCTID consists of four parts: upper and lower tooth stoppers, tongue guider, tongue-tip position guide bar, and connectors. With the SCTID and SMP, two sets of planning computed tomography and HT plans were obtained for 10 NPCa patients. Dosimetric and geometric characteristics were compared. Position reproducibility of the tongue with SCTID was evaluated by comparing with planned dose and adaptive accumulated dose of the tongue and base of the tongue based on daily setup mega-voltage computed tomography. @*Results@#Using the SCTID, the tongue was effectively displaced from the planning target volume compared to the SMP. The median mucosa of the tongue (M-tongue) dose was significantly reduced (20.7 Gy vs. 27.8 Gy). The volumes of the M-tongue receiving a dose of 15 Gy, 30 Gy, and 45 Gy and the volumes of the mucosa of oral cavity and oropharynx (M-OC/OP) receiving a dose of 45 Gy and 60 Gy were significantly lower than using the SMP. No significant differences was observed between the planned dose and the accumulated adaptive dose in any dosimetric characteristics of the tongue and base of tongue. @*Conclusion@#SCTID can not only reduce the dose to the M-tongue and M-OC/OP dramatically, when compared to SMP, but also provide excellent reproducibility and easy visual verification.

4.
Korean Journal of Veterinary Research ; : e2-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894863

ABSTRACT

The reproductive tracts have an intimate relationship with reproduction because there are bacterial communities that can affect reproductive health. The differences in the bacterial community of periparturient dairy cows were investigated. Vaginal and fecal samples were collected seven days before and after calving, and DNA was extracted to sequence the V3-V4 regions of the 16S rRNA genes. In the postpartum vaginas, operational taxonomic units, Chao1, Shannon, and Simpson were decreased, and phyla Fusobacteria and Bacteroidetes were increased. In summary, bacterial abundance can affect the periparturient biological differences in dairy cows, suggesting a susceptibility to infection within one week after calving.

5.
Ultrasonography ; : 248-255, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919494

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The sonographic differential diagnosis of umbilical polyps and granulomas in children based on correlations with pathologic findings. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed the ultrasonographic findings of twenty-two umbilical masses in children that were pathologically confirmed as umbilical polyps or umbilical granulomas by surgery. We analyzed size, depth, echogenicity, internal content, intralesional vascularity, and the presence of unobliterated medial umbilical ligament. Pathologic correlation was performed for all of the umbilical masses. @*Results@#Twenty-two masses consisted of eight umbilical polyps and fourteen umbilical granulomas. The mean age of the children with umbilical polyps was 30.13 months (range, 2 to 108 months) and it was 1.33 months (range, 0.6 to 3 months) for the children with umbilical granulomas. The average mass sizes were 10.25 mm (range, 5 to 35 mm) for umbilical polyps and 6.21 mm (range, 3 to 10 mm) for umbilical granulomas. The umbilical polyps were manifested as cystic lesions with thick echogenic walls in five patients (62.5%), which were associated with the intestinal mucosa (four lesions) and ectopic pancreatic tissue (one lesion) on pathology. Umbilical granulomas were superficially located in 13 (92.9%) and solid in thirteen (92.9%), which correlated with prominent granulation tissues on pathology. Seven (87.5%) of the eight umbilical granulomas were hypervascular and correlated with neovascularization on pathologic examination. @*Conclusion@#The umbilical polyps revealed deep-seated, hypovascular nodules with cyst formation surrounded by thick echogenic walls. In contrast, the umbilical granulomas revealed superficially located hypervascular hypoechoic solid nodules in young infants.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1190-1202, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916813

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To evaluate non-alcoholic fatty pancreas disease severity on ultrasound (US-determined NAFPD) as a risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD) and to evaluate its predictive value for intermediate/high CHD risk compared with US-determined non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (US-determined NAFLD) severity.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A retrospective analysis of 544 young adults, aged 18–40 years, was performed. NAFPD and NAFLD were classified as absent, mild, moderate, and severe. CHD risk was calculated using the Framingham Risk Score (FRS). Correlation, multivariate logistic regression, and receiver operating characteristic curve analyses were used to compare the predictive performance.@*RESULTS@#FRS increased with increasing US-determined NAFPD severity (r = 0.624, p < 0.001), with a concomitant increase in the odds ratio for intermediate/high CHD risk. There was no difference between the predictive performance of US-determined NAFLD and NAFPD severities for intermediate/high CHD risk (p = 0.17). The combination of US-determined NAFPD and NAFLD severities significantly improved the differentiation between intermediate and high CHD risk (predictive value, 0.807; p < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#US-determined NAFPD severity was well-correlated with FRS and associated with the prevalence of intermediate/high CHD risk. The combination of US-determined NAFPD and NAFLD severities may be useful for predicting CHD risk.

7.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 548-554, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916787

ABSTRACT

We report a case of clinically occult diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the middle turbinate (MT) identified by ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT) in a 71-year-old man along with imaging findings. DLBCL was presented with a hypermetabolic right MT [maximum standardized uptake values (SUV(max)) = 8.8 gm/dL] on ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT, while rhinologic examination was normal. CT showed nothing but slightly more intense enhancement of the right MT compared with the opposite side. The disease progressed during next 7 months until follow-up CT demonstrated solidly enhancing mass occupying entire right nasal cavity which was intensely hypermetabolic (SUV(max) = 12.8 gm/dL). Surgical biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. Follow-up CT and 18F-FDG PET/CT performed after chemotherapy demonstrated complete resolution of DLBCL of the right nasal cavity including the right MT. This is thought to be the first case report in the literature concerning clinically occult DLBCL presenting as a hypermetabolic MT on ¹⁸F-FDG PET/CT.

8.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 265-268, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715552

ABSTRACT

Traumatic absence of the entire radial shaft in children has not been reported though there are a few reports of adult cases. We report a 5-year-old boy with traumatic absence of the entire right radial shaft. The Define's reconstruction procedure was chosen to localize the surgery only to the distal forearm and avoid further additional damage to the forearm muscles. The child's forearm was successfully reconstructed by the authors' modified Define's procedure, which was followed until his maturity. Hand function was well maintained.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Male , Follow-Up Studies , Forearm , Hand , Muscles , Radius
9.
The Journal of the Korean Orthopaedic Association ; : 73-82, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-650441

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To assess the chronological changes of disease-related kyphosis after chemotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 101 children aged 2 to 15 years with spinal tuberculosis, accompanied by various stages of disease processes were enrolled for analysis. By utilizing the images in them, the growth plate condition and chronological changes of kyphosis after chemotherapy were analyzed at two points in time; the first assessment was at post-chemotherapy one-year and second at the final discharge. RESULTS: Complete disc destruction in the cervical, dorsal and lumbosacral spines was observed in 2 out of 40 children (5.0%), 8 out of 30 children (26.7%), and 6 out of 31 children (19.4%), respectively. In those cases, the residual kyphosis inevitably developed. In the remaining children, the discs were intact or partially damaged. Among the 101 children kyphotic deformity was maintained without change in 20 children (19.8%). Kyphosis decreased in 14 children (13.9%), while it increased in 67 children (66.3%) with non-recoverably damaged growth plate. CONCLUSION: Although it is tentatively possible to predict the deformity progress or non-progress and spontaneous correction at the time of the initial treatment, its predictive accuracy is low. Therefore, assessment of the chronological changes should be performed at the end of chemotherapy. In children with progressive curve change, assessment of deformity should be continued until maturity.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Drug Therapy , Growth Plate , Kyphosis , Spine , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Spinal
10.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 138-149, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170765

ABSTRACT

Even in an era of remarkable medical advances, there is an issue of why tuberculosis remains in the list of disastrous diseases, afflicting humans and causing suffering. There has not been a plausible answer to this, and it has been suggested that clinicians and medical scientists could presently not win the war against the tubercle bacilli. With regards to this issue, based on the authors' own clinical and research experiences, in this review, the available literature was revisited in order to address the raised questions and to provide recent information on characteristics of tubercle bacilli and possible ways to more effectively treat tuberculosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Spinal
11.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 412-419, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215537

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The sacrococcygeal morphology of Arabs and Europeans has been studied using computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging to determine the cause of coccydynia. Studies have suggested differences in sacrococcygeal morphology among ethnic groups. However, there are no data on the sacrococcygeal anatomy of Koreans. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 606 pelvic CT scans that were taken at Cheju Halla General Hospital between 2008 and 2014. Fractures of the sacrum or coccyx were excluded. Differences in the sacrococcygeal morphology among age groups stratified by decade of life and between genders were analyzed using sagittal plane pelvic CT scans. The morphological parameters studied were the sacral and coccygeal curved indexes, sacrococcygeal angle, intercoccygeal angle, coccygeal type, coccygeal segmental number, and sacrococcygeal fusion. RESULTS: The average sacral and coccygeal curved indexes were 6.15 and 7.41, respectively. The average sacrococcygeal and intercoccygeal angles were 110° and 49°, respectively. Type II coccyx was most common, and the rate of sacrococcygeal fusion was 34%. There was a moderate positive correlation between age and the sacral curved index (r = 0.493, p = 0.000) and a weak negative correlation between age and the coccyx curved index (r = −0.257, p = 0.000). There was a weak negative correlation between age and the intercoccygeal angle (r = −0.187, p = 0.000). The average intercoccygeal angle in males and females was 53.9° and 44.7°, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The sacrum tended to be more curved and the coccyx straighter with age. The coccyx was straighter in females than males. Knowledge of the sacrococcygeal anatomy of Koreans will promote better understanding of anatomical differences among ethnicities and future studies on coccydynia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Arabs , Asian People , Coccyx , Ethnicity , Hospitals, General , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sacrum , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
12.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 120-132, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152827

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To compare dynamic susceptibility contrast imaging, diffusion-weighted imaging, and susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) for the differentiation of tumor recurrence and delayed radiation therapy (RT)-related changes in patients treated with RT for primary brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 24 patients treated with RT for various primary brain tumors, who showed newly appearing enhancing lesions more than one year after completion of RT on follow-up MRI. The enhancing-lesions were confirmed as recurrences (n=14) or RT-changes (n=10). We calculated the mean values of normalized cerebral blood volume (nCBV), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), and proportion of dark signal intensity on SWI (proSWI) for the enhancing-lesions. All the values between the two groups were compared using t-test. A multivariable logistic regression model was used to determine the best predictor of differential diagnosis. The cutoff value of the best predictor obtained from receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was applied to calculate the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the diagnosis. RESULTS: The mean nCBV value was significantly higher in the recurrence group than in the RT-change group (P=.004), and the mean proSWI was significantly lower in the recurrence group (P<.001). However, no significant difference was observed in the mean ADC values between the two groups. A multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that proSWI was the only independent variable for the differentiation; the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 78.6% (11 of 14), 100% (10 of 10), and 87.5% (21 of 24), respectively. CONCLUSION: The proSWI was the most promising parameter for the differentiation of newly developed enhancing-lesions more than one year after RT completion in brain tumor patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Volume , Brain Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Diffusion , Follow-Up Studies , Logistic Models , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion Imaging , Recurrence , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 279-288, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association of SNP A and P1763 polymorphisms on dystrobrevin binding protein 1(DTNBP1) gene with smooth pursuit eye movement(SPEM) abnormality in Korean schizophrenic patients. METHODS: We measured SPEM function in 217 Korean schizophrenics(male 116, female 101) and divided them into two groups, one is a good SPEM function group and the other is a poor SPEM function group. We then analyzed SNP A polymorphism and P1763 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene from their DNAs extracted from their blood. We compared the differences of genotype and allele distributions of the two polymorphisms on DTNBP1 gene between the two groups. RESULTS: The Ln S/N ratio(mean+/-SD) of the good SPEM function group was 4.39+/-0.33 and the ratio of poor SPEM function group was 3.17+/-0.71. There were no statistically significant differences of age and male/female ratio between the two groups. There were no significant differences of genotype or allele distributions of the SNP A polymorphism and P1763 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene between the two schizophrenic groups divided by SPEM function. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that SNP A polymorphism and P1763 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene might not be related to SPEM function abnormality in schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Alleles , Carrier Proteins , DNA , Genotype , Polymorphism, Genetic , Pursuit, Smooth , Schizophrenia
14.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 507-516, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168113

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association of P1635 and P1655 polymorphisms on dystrobrevin binding protein 1 (DTNBP1) gene with smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) abnormality in Korean schizophrenia patients. METHODS: We measured SPEM function in 216 Korean schizophrenia patients (male 116, female 100) and divided them into two groups, one is a good SPEM function group and the other is a poor SPEM function group. We then analyzed P1635 polymorphism and P1655 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene from their DNAs extracted from their blood. We compared the differences of genotype and allele distributions of the two polymorphisms on DTNBP1 gene between the two groups. RESULTS: The Ln S/N ratio (mean+/-sd) of the good SPEM function group was 4.39+/-0.33 and the ratio of poor SPEM function group was 3.18+/-0.71. There were no statistically significant differences of age and male/female ratio between the two groups. There were no significant differences of genotype or allele distributions of the P1635 polymorphism and P1655 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene between the two schizophrenia groups divided by SPEM function. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that P1635 polymorphism and P1655 polymorphism on DTNBP1 gene might not be related to SPEM function abnormality in schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans
15.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 488-491, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78861

ABSTRACT

Mirtazapine is a novel antidepressant and has a unique dual action profile, combining the enhancement of the noradrenergic neurotransmitter system with specific actions on particular serotonergic receptor subtypes. The authors report a case of restless leg syndrome induced by mirtazapine. The patient (46 years old male) with major depressive disorder developed typical restless leg syndrome from the initial period of administration of mirtazapine. Restless leg syndrome was not relieved by reduction of mirtazapine and disappeared rapidly after discontinuation of mirtazapine. The major difference of the case from previously reported cases is the onset time of symptoms. We may consider that mirtazapine can induce dopaminergic side effect like a restless leg syndrome promptly as its fast-acting antidepressant effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depressive Disorder, Major , Neurotransmitter Agents , Restless Legs Syndrome
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 110-116, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-725272

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Recently, polymorphisms of several serotonin genes have been suggested to be associated with suicide, but the results are still unclear. We examined whether the T102C polymorphisms of the serotonin 2A receptor gene and the G861C polymorphisms of the serotonin 1B receptor gene were associated with suicidal behavior using drug intoxication. METHODS: The subjects were 52 patients who visited emergency room with suicidal behaviors. Fifty controls were selected from healthy volunteers matched for sex and age to the suicide subjects. The polymorphisms were analyzed with TaqMan(R) assay using primers based on previous studies. RESULTS: The T102C polymorphism of the serotonin 2A receptor gene showed no significant difference between the suicidal attempters and controls in both genotype and allele frequency analyses(p=0.179 and p=0.422, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the suicidal attempters and the controls in the G861C polymorphism of the serotonin 1B receptor gene and any significant effect of the genotype distributions or the allele frequencies was not observed(p=0.092 and p=0.987, respectively). CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the T102C polymorphism in serotonin 2A receptor gene and the G861C polymorphism in serotonin 1B receptor gene are not related to the susceptibility to suicide attempts using drugs. To clarify the genetic influences of the serotonergic system on suicidal behavior, the polymorphisms of other candidate genes in the serotonergic system should be studied with larger numbers of subjects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Healthy Volunteers , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT1B , Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A , Serotonin , Suicide
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Psychiatry ; : 54-60, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-724818

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Tardive dyskinesia(TD) is a serious side effect associated with long-term antipsychotic treatments. Some candidate genetic polymorphisms were reported to be associated with TD and possible involvement of serotonergic receptors in the pathophysiology of TD has been suggested. In the present study, we investigated the association between 5-HT6 receptor gene polymorphism and TD with schizophrenia. METHODS: To investigate the relationship between 5-HT6 receptor gene polymorphism and TD, 60 patients with TD were compared with 60 patients without TD. The 267C/T allele of 5-HT6 receptor gene was genotyped by means of polymerase chain reaction method. TD was evaluated using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale(AIMS). RESULTS: The patients with the three 267C/T genotype showed no significant differences in age, gender, and duration of illness. No significant difference in genotype frequencies was observed between schizophrenic patients with and without TD. In addition, there was no difference in allele frequencies. Further analysis with an measure of AIMS scores showed that these scores were not significantly influenced by the 5-HT6 receptor gene polymorphism. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that 267C/T polymorphism of 5-HT6 receptor gene is not significantly associated with susceptibility to TD in schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Dyskinesias , Gene Frequency , Genetics , Genotype , Movement Disorders , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Genetic , Schizophrenia , Serotonin
18.
Journal of the Korean Pediatric Society ; : 1434-1440, 1990.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-25745

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans
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