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1.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 873-879, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000173

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff tears are a condition characterized by damage to the muscles and tendons that connect the scapula and humerus, which are responsible for shoulder rotation and arm lifting. Metabolic factors such as diabetes, thyroid disease, high cholesterol, vitamin D deficiency, obesity, and smoking have been associated with an increased risk of rotator cuff tears. Interestingly, patients with hyperlipidemia, a condition characterized by high levels of cholesterol and other fats in the blood, have been found to have a higher incidence of rotator cuff tears and breakdown of tendon matrix. As a result, statin therapy, which is commonly used to lower cholesterol levels in hyperlipidemia, has been explored as a potential treatment to improve clinical outcomes in rotator cuff tears. However, the results of preclinical and clinical studies on the effects of statins on tendon healing in rotator cuff tears are limited and not well-defined. Moreover, since hyperlipidemia and rotator cuff tears are more prevalent in older individuals, a literature review on the efficacy and safety of statin therapy in this population is needed.

2.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 417-424, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999661

ABSTRACT

Parkinson’s disease (PD) which has various pathological mechanisms, recently, it is attracting attention to the mechanism via microbiome-gut-brain axis. 6-Shogaol, a representative compound of ginger, have been known for improving PD phenotypes by reducing neuroinflammatory responses. In the present study, we investigated whether 6-shogaol and ginger attenuate degeneration induced by Proteus Mirabilis(P. mirabilis) on the intestine and brain, simultaneously. C57BL/6J mice received P. mirabilis for 5 days. Ginger (300 mg/kg) and 6-shogaol (10 mg/kg) were treated by gavage feeding for 22 days including the period of P. mirabilis treatment. Results showed that 6-shogaol and ginger improved motor dysfunction and dopaminergic neuronal death induced by P. mirabilis treatment. In addition, they suppressed P. mirabilis-induced intestinal barrier disruption, pro-inflammatory signals such as toll-like receptor and TNF-α, and intestinal α-synuclein aggregation. Moreover, ginger and 6-shogaol significantly inhibited neuroinflammation and α-synuclein in the brain. Taken together, 6-shogaol and ginger have the potential to ameliorate PD-like motor behavior and degeneration of dopaminergic neurons induced by P. mirabilis in mice. Here, these findings are meaningful in that they provide the first experimental evidence that 6-shogaol might attenuate PD via regulating gut-brain axis.

3.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 236-244, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977265

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the corneal epithelial wound healing effects of RCI001, Solcoseryl, and polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) in a rat alkali burn model. @*Methods@#In 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats, we induced alkali burn using filter paper soaked in 0.2N sodium hydroxide. The rats were then treated with topical 0.5% RCI001, 1.0% RCI001, Solcoseryl, or PDRN twice a day for 2 weeks. Corneal epithelial integrity and epithelial healing rate were measured at day 0, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14. Histologic and immunohistochemistry findings were also assessed. @*Results@#Both the 0.5% and 1.0% RCI001 groups showed significantly more epithelial healing compared to the control group at day 5, 7, 10, and 14 (each p < 0.05). No statistical difference was found between the 0.5% and 1.0% RCI001 groups. Neither the Solcoseryl nor the PDRN groups showed a significant difference from the control. RCI001 treatment resulted in significantly reduced stromal edema, and a trend towards less inflammatory cell infiltration. @*Conclusions@#Topical application of RCI001 showed enhanced corneal epithelial wound healing in the murine corneal alkali burn model, presumably by suppressing inflammation. Meanwhile, Solcoseryl and PDRN did not show sufficient therapeutic effects compared to RCI001.

4.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 440-444, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977093

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report a patient with refractory scleritis effectively treated with rituximab after ineffective, initial, conventional immunosuppressive therapy.Case summary: A 58-year-old woman with no specific medical history presented with recurrent scleritis of the right eye. Her uncorrected visual acuities in both eyes were 20/20, and a blood test for cytoplasmic antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (C-ANCA) was positive. Systemic and subconjunctival steroid treatments were not effective, and the scleritis recurred even after further treatment with oral cyclosporin A and mycophenolate mofetil. After intravenous administration of infliximab (5 mg/kg), slight improvement was noted, but the recurrence continued. Thereafter, the visual acuity of the right eye decreased markedly because of choroidal and serous retinal detachment caused by posterior scleritis. Immunohistochemically, the inflamed scleral tissue showed considerable B-cell infiltration. Accordingly, intravenous rituximab (1 g) was administered twice at a 2-week interval. The scleral vessel engorgement and inflammation dramatically improved, and the scleritis became well-controlled without recurrence for more than 8 months. @*Conclusions@#Intravenous rituximab may be helpful when encountering scleritis refractory to conventional immunomodulation therapy.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e127-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976940

ABSTRACT

Background@#The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has contributed to the change in the epidemiology of many infectious diseases. This study aimed to establish the pre-pandemic epidemiology of pediatric invasive bacterial infection (IBI). @*Methods@#A retrospective multicenter-based surveillance for pediatric IBIs has been maintained from 1996 to 2020 in Korea. IBIs caused by eight bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella species) in immunocompetent children > 3 months of age were collected at 29 centers. The annual trend in the proportion of IBIs by each pathogen was analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 2,195 episodes were identified during the 25-year period between 1996 and 2020. S. pneumoniae (42.4%), S. aureus (22.1%), and Salmonella species (21.0%) were common in children 3 to 59 months of age. In children ≥ 5 years of age, S. aureus (58.1%), followed by Salmonella species (14.8%) and S. pneumoniae (12.2%) were common. Excluding the year 2020, there was a trend toward a decrease in the relative proportions of S. pneumoniae (rs = −0.430, P = 0.036), H. influenzae (rs = −0.922, P 3 months of age. These findings can be used as the baseline data to navigate the trend in the epidemiology of pediatric IBI in the post COVID-19 era.

6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 107-115, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976605

ABSTRACT

Background@#Psoriasis imposes a significant treatment burden on patients, particularly impacting well-being and quality of life (QoL). The psychosocial impact of psoriasis treatments remains unexplored in most patient populations. @*Objective@#To assess the impact of adalimumab on health-related QoL (HRQoL) in Korean patients with psoriasis. @*Methods@#This 24-week, multicenter, observational study, assessed HRQoL in Korean patients treated with adalimumab in a real-world setting. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) including European Quality of Life-5 Dimension scale (EQ-5D), EQ-5D VAS, SF-36, and DLQI were evaluated at week 16 and 24, versus baseline. Patient satisfaction was assessed using TSQM. @*Results@#Among 97 enrolled patients, 77 were assessed for treatment effectiveness. Most patients were male (52, 67.5%) and mean age was 45.4 years. Median baseline body surface area and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) scores were 15.00 (range 4.00~80.00) and 12.40 (range 2.70~39.40), respectively. Statistically significant improvements in all PROs were observed between baseline and week 24. Mean EQ-5D score improved from 0.88 (standard deviation [SD], 0.14) at baseline to 0.91 (SD, 0.17) at week 24 (p=0.0067). The number of patients with changes in PASI 75, 90, or 100 from baseline to week 16 and 24 were 65 (84.4%), 17 (22.1%), and 1 (1.3%); and 64 (83.1%), 21 (27.3%), and 2 (2.6%), respectively. Overall treatment satisfaction was reported, including effectiveness and convenience. No unexpected safety findings were noted. @*Conclusion@#Adalimumab improved QoL and was well-tolerated in Korean patients with moderate to severe psoriasis, as demonstrated in a real-world setting. Clinical trial registration number (clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03099083).

7.
Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives ; (6): 5-14, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968438

ABSTRACT

With the introduction of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines, the Korea Disease Control and Prevention Agency (KDCA) commissioned the National Academy of Medicine of Korea to gather experts to independently assess post-vaccination adverse events. Accordingly, the COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Research Committee (CoVaSC) was launched in November 2021 to perform safety studies and establish evidence for policy guidance. The CoVaSC established 3 committees for epidemiology, clinical research, and communication. The CoVaSC mainly utilizes pseudonymized data linking KDCA’s COVID-19 vaccination data and the National Health Insurance Service’s claims data. The CoVaSC’s 5-step research process involves defining the target diseases and organizing ad-hoc committees, developing research protocols, performing analyses, assessing causal relationships, and announcing research findings and utilizing them to guide compensation policies. As of 2022, the CoVaSC completed this research process for 15 adverse events. The CoVaSC launched the COVID-19 Vaccine Safety Research Center in September 2022 and has been reorganized into 4 divisions to promote research including international collaborative studies, long-/short-term follow-up studies, and education programs. Through these enhancements, the CoVaSC will continue to swiftly provide scientific evidence for COVID-19 vaccine research and compensation and may serve as a model for preparing for future epidemics of new diseases.

8.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 124-129, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968061

ABSTRACT

Background@#Staphylococcus lugdunensis is an emerging pathogen in skin and soft tissue infections. However, until recently, the role of S. lugdunensis as a skin pathogen remained underrated. @*Objective@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibility of S.lugdunensis isolated from skin diseases. @*Methods@#This is a retrospective chart review of 48 cases in which S. lugdunensis was isolated from bacterial skin cultures between 2016 and 2021. @*Results@#Among the 48 patients, the mean age was 41.0 years, 54.2% were male, and 12.5% of the patients had immunosuppressive diseases. Nearly 87.4% of infections occurred below the waist and the dominant sources of isolation were epidermal cyst (31.3%) and hidradenitis suppurativa (29.2%). The rate of resistance of S. lugdunensis against β-lactam antibiotics were as follows: penicillin, 83.3%; oxacillin, 37.5%; and methicillin, 29.2%. @*Conclusion@# S. lugdunensis is emerging as one of the primary pathogens of skin infections. When S. lugdunensis is isolated, dermatologists should consider that it is not just a component of the skin flora but can also be a pathogen. If S. lugdunensis is identified as the cause of infection, it should be managed with appropriate antibiotic therapy.

9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 140-144, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002982

ABSTRACT

Colonic interposition is the main procedure used in esophageal reconstruction. We report a rare case of simultaneous treatment of an anastomotic site stricture and a neoplasm in the interpositioned colon. A 69-year-old female visited our outpatient clinic with symptoms of progressive dysphagia for 1 year. At the age of 30 years, the patient underwent esophagectomy with retrosternal colonic interposition because of severe esophageal burns after chemical ingestion. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed stricture at the anastomosis site and a 10-mm flat elevated high-grade dysplasia in the interpositioned colon. First, through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed for strictures. However, stenosis was observed during the second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy session.Therefore, a second session of through-the-scope balloon dilatation was performed, and simultaneously, endoscopic submucosal dissection was also successfully performed. After 2 months of follow-up, stenosis persisted; consequently, balloon dilatation was performed. No recurrence of neoplasm was confirmed endoscopically. Through-the-scope balloon dilatation of the stricture site and simultaneous endoscopic submucosal dissection of the neoplasm in the interpositioned colon were successfully performed.

10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 253-258, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002947

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Gastrointestinal (GI) bezoars are relatively rare diseases with clinical characteristics and treatment modalities that depend on the location of the bezoars. This study evaluated the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes in patients with GI bezoars. @*Methods@#Seventy-five patients diagnosed with GI bezoars were enrolled in this study. Data were collected on the demographic and clinical characteristics and the characteristics of the bezoars, such as type, size, location, treatment modality, and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Among the 75 patients (mean age 71.2 years, 38 males), 32 (42.6%) had a history of intra-abdominal surgery. Hypertension (43%) and diabetes (30%) were common morbidities. The common location of the bezoars was the stomach in 33 (44%) and the small intestine in 33 (44%). Non-surgical management, including adequate hydration, chemical dissolution, and endoscopic removal, was successful in 2/2 patients with esophageal bezoars, 26/33 patients with gastric bezoars, 7/9 patients with duodenal bezoars, and 20/33 patients with small intestinal bezoars. The remaining patients had undergone surgical management. @*Conclusions@#The management of GI bezoars requires multidisciplinary approaches, including the appropriate correction of fluid and electrolyte imbalances, chemical dissolution, and endoscopic and surgical treatments. (Korean J Gastroenterol 2023;81:253-258)

11.
Pediatric Infection & Vaccine ; : 20-32, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002704

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the etiology and risk factors of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) requiring hospitalization in Korean children during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. @*Methods@#Clinical information of children admitted with CAP to Seoul National University Children’s Hospital (SNUCH) between January 1, 2021, and February 28, 2022, was retrospectively collected and analyzed. In addition, the etiologic diagnosis and demographic data of children with CAP who were discharged at the other seven hospitals between January and February 2022 were collected. Pneumonia was diagnosed using strict criteria comprising clinical symptoms, physical examination findings, and chest radiographic findings. @*Results@#Among 91 children hospitalized with CAP at SNUCH during the 14-month period, 68.4% were aged <5 years and 79.1% had underlying diseases. Among the 95 CAP cases, respiratory assistance was required in 70.5%, and the use of a ventilator was required in 20.0%.A total of five patients expired, all of whom were either immunocompromised or had underlying neurological diseases. Neurological diseases and immunosuppression were significantly correlated with respiratory assistance (P=0.003) and death (P=0.014). A total of 55% of the detected respiratory pathogens were viruses, the most common of which was rhinovirus at 35.9%. Among the 169 children hospitalized for CAP at the eight institutions, ≥1 respiratory virus was detected in 92.3%, among which respiratory syncytial virus (79.8%) was the most prevalent. @*Conclusions@#Even during the COVID-19 pandemic, Korean children were hospitalized with CAP caused by seasonal respiratory viral pathogens. Although atypical and pyogenic bacteria were not detected, continuous clinical monitoring and further prospective studies should be conducted.

12.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 501-509, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002347

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the effects of humidity and temperature on dry eye disease (DED) @*Methods@#A retrospective, clinic-based study was conducted on DED patients undergoing dry eye treatment. Patients were followed up at least twice, and symptoms and signs were evaluated using the Symptoms Assessment Questionnaire in Dry Eye (SANDE) score, tear secretion, tear film breakup time (TBUT), ocular staining score, and tear osmolarity. Mean humidity and temperature values for 1 week before ocular examinations were used as the environmental exposure level. The relationship between humidity and temperature, with DED clinical parameters was analyzed in single- and multi-environmental factor models. @*Results@#The study included 33 patients with a mean age of 53.9 ± 12.2 years. The low humidity group showed significantly higher SANDE scores (p = 0.023) and tear osmolarity (p = 0.008), and the low temperature group had higher SANDE scores (p = 0.004), ocular staining scores (p = 0.036), and tear osmolarity (p < 0.001). In the linear mixed model, single factor analysis showed that an increase in humidity resulted in decreased SANDE scores (p = 0.043), and an increase in temperature led to a decrease in SANDE score (p = 0.007), ocular staining score (p = 0.007), and tear osmolarity (p = 0.012). In the multifactor analysis, changes in humidity had no significant effect on dry eye parameters, but an increase in temperature was significantly correlated with decreased SANDE score (p = 0.026), ocular staining score (p = 0.024), and tear osmolarity (p = 0.002). @*Conclusions@#Lower temperature led to aggravated symptoms and signs of DED and the effect of temperature on DED was more pronounced than humidity. Tear osmolarity was the most sensitive clinical parameter to be affected by climate factors in DED patients.

13.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 420-428, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002163

ABSTRACT

Background@#Dermatophyte infection is one of the most common skin diseases affecting the skin, hair, and nails. Despite widespread recognition of the disease, missing details and misperceptions are commonplace in the general population. @*Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the public perception and behavior regarding dermatophytosis of the hands and feet. @*Methods@#This results from an online survey conducted between July 2022 and August 2022. The survey included 1,000 Korean participants aged 20 to 69 years, of whom 60% experienced symptoms of tinea pedis or onychomycosis. The questionnaire focused on the awareness and personal experience of tinea pedis and perception of the treatment of dermatophytosis. @*Results@#Of the 1,000 participants, nearly 80% regarded tinea pedis as a common skin condition by which anyone can be affected. Furthermore, 88.4% had heard that the treatment of tinea pedis could be harmful, causing skin rash (60.4%) and worsening liver function (48.5%). Among 896 participants who noticed suspicious symptoms, 81.2% did not visit the clinic because it was not severe (50.1%) and seemed easily manageable (25.7%). Of the respondents, 84.4% preferred to meet dermatologists rather than non-dermatologist doctors regarding skin diseases, mainly because of trust in experts and belief in a faster cure. @*Conclusion@#Providing accurate and detailed information via online media, educational campaigns, and medical papers can rectify misconceptions and improve patient appliance, contributing to public skin health.

14.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1009-1013, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001799

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We compared the cataract grades with slit lamp examination and anterior segment photography using the Lens Opacities Classification System (LOCS) III criteria. We also explored the effect of a yellow filter on the photographic results. @*Methods@#Eighty eyes with cataracts were examined by three inspectors (1, 2, and 3). Anterior segment photographs taken by inspector 1 were divided into two groups depending on whether cortical opacity or nuclear sclerosis predominated. In each group, the cataract grades determined by inspector 1 on slit lamp examination and anterior segment photography were compared. Also, after randomly assigning the anterior segment photographs taken by inspector 1 to inspectors 2 and 3, the cataract grades of these photographs were compared to the grades of photographs taken by all inspectors using a yellow filter. @*Results@#The average cortical opacity evaluated by inspector 1 on slit lamp examination (3.48 ± 0.91) was significantly higher than that apparent on anterior segment photographs (2.35 ± 0.77) (p < 0.001). In the photographs, the average cortical opacity when a yellow filter was used was significantly higher for both inspectors 1 (p < 0.001) and 2 (p = 0.022) than when the filter was absent. The average extent of nuclear sclerosis evaluated by inspector 1 on slit lamp examination (4.08 ± 0.94) was significantly higher than that of anterior segment photography (3.73 ± 1.24) (p = 0.042). @*Conclusions@#Cataract evaluation via anterior segment photography underestimates the extent of damage compared to direct slit lamp examination. However, use of a yellow filter during photography aids cataract evaluation, especially cortical opacity.

15.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 566-572, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001782

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To analyze short-term changes in anterior chamber depth (ACD) immediately and 1 month after traumatic hyphema. @*Methods@#Thirty-two patients with traumatic hyphema treated from October 2015 to July 2019 were retrospectively reviewed. Nineteen were followed-up for 1 month. The ACDs were measured using an IOL Master 500 platform and the differences between the affected and contralateral eyes immediately after trauma and 1 month after treatment analyzed. The ACD differences between the affected and contralateral eyes of those with gross and microscopic hyphema and the correlations between the ACD differences of the two eyes were analyzed by age. @*Results@#The average age was 36.0 ± 14.2 years and 24 patients were male (75%). The ACDs of affected eyes were greater than those of contralateral eyes both immediately after trauma (3.81 ± 0.38 vs. 3.55 ± 0.43 mm; p = 0.021) and 1 month after trauma (3.73 ± 0.37 vs. 3.61 ± 0.37 mm; p = 0.001). The ACD gaps and ACD/axial length ratios (%) did not differ significantly between the injured and contralateral eyes of the gross and microscopic hyphema groups immediately after trauma (p = 0.951/0.981). The ACDs of affected eyes decreased 1 month after trauma compared to immediately after trauma (3.73 ± 0.37 vs. 3.87 ± 0.40 mm; p = 0.013). The ACD difference immediately after trauma increased significantly with older age (R = 0.387, p = 0.018). @*Conclusions@#The ACDs of eyes with traumatic hyphema increased significantly compared to those of the contralateral eyes immediately after trauma. The ACDs decreased after treatment but 1 month later were still significantly greater than the ACDs of the contralateral side.

16.
Clinics in Shoulder and Elbow ; : 296-303, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966750

ABSTRACT

Background@#A previous study reported that hyperlipidemia increases the incidence of tears in the rotator cuff tendon and affects healing after repair. The aim of our study was to compare the gene and protein expression of torn rotator cuff tendons in patients both with and without hypercholesterolemia. @*Methods@#Thirty patients who provided rotator cuff tendon samples were classified into either a non-hypercholesterolemia group (n=19, serum total cholesterol [TC] <200 mg/dL) and hypercholesterolemia group (n=11, serum TC ≥240 mg/dL) based on their concentrations of serum TC. The expression of various genes of interest, including COL1A1, IGF1, IL-6, MMP2, MMP3, MMP9, MMP13, TNMD, and TP53, was analyzed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). In addition, Western blot analysis was performed on the proteins encoded by interleukin (IL)-6 and TP53 that showed significantly different expression levels in real-time qRT-PCR. @*Results@#Except for IGF1, the gene expression levels of IL-6, MMP2, MMP9, and TP53 were significantly higher in the hypercholesterolemic group than in the non-hypercholesterolemia group. Western blot analysis confirmed significantly higher protein levels of IL-6 and TP53 in the hypercholesterolemic group (p<0.05). @*Conclusions@#We observed an increase in inflammatory cytokine and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) levels in hypercholesterolemic patients with rotator cuff tears. Increased levels of IL-6 and TP53 were observed at both the mRNA and protein levels. We suggest that the overexpression of IL-6 and TP53 may be a specific feature in rotator cuff disease patients with hypercholesterolemia.

17.
Blood Research ; : 264-271, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966426

ABSTRACT

Background@#Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is the sole curative option for myelofibrosis (MF). However, it is unknown as to which of the two, myeloablative conditioning (MAC) or reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC), is a better preconditioning regimen. @*Methods@#Twenty-five patients with MF were treated with alloSCT, 12 of whom underwent RIC.Baseline characteristics, response to alloSCT, adverse events, including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), and survival outcomes were reviewed. @*Results@#There was no difference in the neutrophil engraftment rate and time to engraftment between MAC vs. RIC. The time to platelet engraftment was significantly longer in the MAC group (median, 112.8 vs. 28.8 days for MAC vs. RIC, respectively, P =0.049). RIC was more advantageous in terms of achieving complete chimerism (38.5% vs. 83.3%, P =0.041). The incidence of acute GVHD was 84.6% (11 of 13) and 58.3% (7 of 12) in the MAC and RIC groups, respectively. The cumulative incidence of grade III‒IV acute GVHD was significantly higher in the MAC group than in the RIC group (P =0.03). No significant differences were observed in progression-free and overall survival. The 17-month probability of progression-free survival was 38.4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 19.3‒76.5] vs. 47.6% (95% CI, 25.7‒88.2) (P =0.21), and that of overall survival was 53.8% (95% CI, 32.5‒89.1) vs. 48.6% (95% CI, 26.8‒88.3) (P =0.85) for MAC vs. RIC, respectively. @*Conclusion@#RIC offers a significant advantage over MAC, even in younger patients with MF undergoing alloSCT, in terms of cell engraftment, rate of complete chimerism achievement, and incidence of acute GVHD.

18.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 625-629, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938296

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We report a case with bilateral, ocular inflammatory adverse reactions developing a few hours after COVID-19 vaccination.Case summary: A 70-year-old woman complained of headache and sudden visual impairment (both eyes) a few hours after COVID-19 vaccination (Astrazeneca). She had undergone bilateral cataract surgery 4 days before vaccination and her eyesight was good immediately after surgery. The best-corrected visual acuities (BCVA) were 0.2 and 0.1 in the right and left eyes, respectively. Diffuse corneal edema, anterior chamber reactions, inflammatory fibrinoid membranes on the anterior surfaces of the intraocular lenses (IOLs), and cystoid macular edema were observed in both eyes. The anterior chamber and IOL fibrinoid reactions much improved 7 days after the prescription of topical and oral corticosteroids. The aqueous humor polymerase chain reaction was positive for varicella zoster virus (VZV) in both eyes. The BCVA improved to 20/30 in the right eye and 20/50 in the left eye after 3 months of additional treatment. However, the cystoid macular edema did not improve. @*Conclusions@#In patients with a history of herpes zoster infection, adverse ocular inflammatory reactions associated with VZV may occur immediately after COVID-19 vaccination.

19.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2022024-2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937560

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study aimed to determine an effective survey method for the accurate calculation of obesity prevalence by comparing the self-reported and measured height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) using the 2018 Korea Community Healthy Survey (CHS) data. @*METHODS@#Raw data from the 2018 CHS were used to analyze the differences, correlation, and agreement between self-reported and measured height, weight, and BMI. @*RESULTS@#The self-reported height was over-reported than the measured height (0.59 cm greater for men and 0.71 cm greater for women), while the self-reported weight was under-reported than the measured weight (0.55 kg less for men and 0.67 kg less for women). Subsequently, the self-reported BMI was under-estimated (0.35 kg/m2 lower for men and 0.49 kg/m2 lower for women) compared with the measured BMI. The kappa statistic and agreement between measured and self-reported values per BMI category (underweight, normal, overweight, and obesity) were 0.82 and 79.6%, respectively. @*CONCLUSIONS@#The prevalence of obesity should be calculated using the measured values provided in the CHS in order to promote local health projects based on accurate evidence.

20.
Biomolecules & Therapeutics ; : 320-327, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937239

ABSTRACT

Neurodevelopmental disorders are complex conditions that pose difficulty in the modulation of proper motor, sensory and cognitive function due to dysregulated neuronal development. Previous studies have reported that an imbalance in the excitation/ inhibition (E/I) in the brain regulated by glutamatergic and/or GABAergic neurotransmission can cause neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric behavioral deficits such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). NMDA acts as an agonist at the NMDA receptor and imitates the action of the glutamate on that receptor. NMDA however, unlike glutamate, only binds to and regulates the NMDA receptor subtypes and not the other glutamate receptors. This study seeks to determine whether NMDA administration in mice i.e., over-activation of the NMDA system would result in long-lasting behavioral deficits in the adolescent mice. Both gender mice were treated with NMDA or saline at early postnatal developmental period with significant synaptogenesis and synaptic maturation. On postnatal day 28, various behavioral experiments were conducted to assess and identify behavioral characteristics. NMDAtreated mice show social deficits, and repetitive behavior in both gender mice at adolescent periods. However, only the male mice but not female mice showed increased locomotor activity. This study implies that neonatal exposure to NMDA may illicit behavioral features similar to ASD. This study also confirms the validity of the E/I imbalance theory of ASD and that NMDA injection can be used as a pharmacologic model for ASD. Future studies may explore the mechanism behind the gender difference in locomotor activity as well as the human relevance and therapeutic significance of the present findings.

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