Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 217
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901205

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study evaluates the general clinico-toxicological characteristics, and determines whether they are varied with toxin source, in patients admitted to the hospital and diagnosed with grayanotoxin (GTX)/mad honey poisoning. @*Methods@#Patients diagnosed with GTX/mad honey poisoning at the University Teaching Hospital emergency department between January 2001 and December 2015 were included in this retrospective study. The clinico-toxicological characteristics were compared by classifying patients into two groups, according to the toxin source: group A, poisoned by the Himalayan mad honey, and group B, poisoned by biologic materials containing GTX other than Himalayan mad honey. @*Results@#Totally, 26 patients were identified with symptomatic grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning. There were no statistical differences in the clinico-toxicological characteristics, except systolic blood pressure (SBP). At presentation, the SBP was significantly decreased in group B (P=0.013). Although dizziness and blurred vision were statistically not significant symptoms, there was a trend of significance (P<0.1) in group B. Notably, 5 of the 8 patients who consumed Rhododendron brachycarpum complained of blurred vision, and had a relatively low mean SBP (68.6±15.6 mmHg). @*Conclusion@#The general clinico-toxicological characteristics were similar, subsequent to ingestion of Himalayan mad honey and Rhododendron species. However, since blurred vision and hemodynamic instability were relatively more common in poisoning by R. brachycarpum than other Rhododendron species, emergency physicians need to be aware that the symptoms or severity of poisoning may vary according to the Rhododendron species ingested.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901067

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in non-infectious uveitis (divided into anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis types). @*Methods@#The medical records of patients who received intravitreal dexamethasone implants between June 2013 and January 2018 at a tertiary referral hospital were analyzed retrospectively. @*Results@#A total of 38 eyes of 36 patients were included. All patients were diagnosed with non-infectious uveitis and received intravitreal dexamethasone implants. The mean age was 55.6 years, and 18 (50.0%) patients were male. In total, 6 (15.8%) eyes were diagnosed with anterior uveitis, 5 (13.2%) with intermediate uveitis, 16 (42.1%) with posterior uveitis, and 11 (28.9%) with panuveitis. Patients with all types of uveitis showed significant improvement in clinical outcomes after intravitreal dexamethasone implant. Three eyes showed increased intraocular pressure, while four showed cataract progression and thus received cataract extraction after injection. Seventeen (44.7%) eyes relapsed an average of 1.18 ± 0.39 times and received additional treatments. @*Conclusions@#Non-infectious uveitis patients showed significant improvement in clinical outcomes after intravitreal dexamethasone implant injection. However, care is required during injection due to the risk of recurrence, as well as side effects such as increased intraocular pressure and cataract progression.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893501

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study evaluates the general clinico-toxicological characteristics, and determines whether they are varied with toxin source, in patients admitted to the hospital and diagnosed with grayanotoxin (GTX)/mad honey poisoning. @*Methods@#Patients diagnosed with GTX/mad honey poisoning at the University Teaching Hospital emergency department between January 2001 and December 2015 were included in this retrospective study. The clinico-toxicological characteristics were compared by classifying patients into two groups, according to the toxin source: group A, poisoned by the Himalayan mad honey, and group B, poisoned by biologic materials containing GTX other than Himalayan mad honey. @*Results@#Totally, 26 patients were identified with symptomatic grayanotoxin/mad honey poisoning. There were no statistical differences in the clinico-toxicological characteristics, except systolic blood pressure (SBP). At presentation, the SBP was significantly decreased in group B (P=0.013). Although dizziness and blurred vision were statistically not significant symptoms, there was a trend of significance (P<0.1) in group B. Notably, 5 of the 8 patients who consumed Rhododendron brachycarpum complained of blurred vision, and had a relatively low mean SBP (68.6±15.6 mmHg). @*Conclusion@#The general clinico-toxicological characteristics were similar, subsequent to ingestion of Himalayan mad honey and Rhododendron species. However, since blurred vision and hemodynamic instability were relatively more common in poisoning by R. brachycarpum than other Rhododendron species, emergency physicians need to be aware that the symptoms or severity of poisoning may vary according to the Rhododendron species ingested.

4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893363

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy and safety of intravitreal dexamethasone implant in non-infectious uveitis (divided into anterior, intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis types). @*Methods@#The medical records of patients who received intravitreal dexamethasone implants between June 2013 and January 2018 at a tertiary referral hospital were analyzed retrospectively. @*Results@#A total of 38 eyes of 36 patients were included. All patients were diagnosed with non-infectious uveitis and received intravitreal dexamethasone implants. The mean age was 55.6 years, and 18 (50.0%) patients were male. In total, 6 (15.8%) eyes were diagnosed with anterior uveitis, 5 (13.2%) with intermediate uveitis, 16 (42.1%) with posterior uveitis, and 11 (28.9%) with panuveitis. Patients with all types of uveitis showed significant improvement in clinical outcomes after intravitreal dexamethasone implant. Three eyes showed increased intraocular pressure, while four showed cataract progression and thus received cataract extraction after injection. Seventeen (44.7%) eyes relapsed an average of 1.18 ± 0.39 times and received additional treatments. @*Conclusions@#Non-infectious uveitis patients showed significant improvement in clinical outcomes after intravitreal dexamethasone implant injection. However, care is required during injection due to the risk of recurrence, as well as side effects such as increased intraocular pressure and cataract progression.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 177-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875587

ABSTRACT

We sought to analyze the efficacy of adalimumab in active noninfectious uveitis, and evaluate its efficacy and safety for the management of refractory noninfectious uveitis in Korean patients. A retrospective observational study was conducted. A total of 23 eyes of 14 Korean patients with noninfectious uveitis refractory to conventional treatment, including corticosteroid and immunosuppressive agents, were treated with adalimumab between December 2017 and February 2020. The primary outcomes were vitreous haziness grades, anterior chamber cell grades, and central macular thickness measured prior to injection and at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after the first adalimumab injection. Among the 23 eyes, 14 eyes (60.9%) were diagnosed with panuveitis and 9 eyes (39.1%) with posterior uveitis [mean follow-up period: 22.3 months (7–27)]. The most common etiologic diagnoses requiring adalimumab injection were Behçet's disease (9 eyes, 39.1%), followed by undifferentiated inflammation (6 eyes, 26.1%), Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (3 eyes, 13.0%), psoriasis (2 eyes, 8.7%), serpiginous chorioretinopathy (2 eyes, 8.7%), and systemic lupus erythematosus (1 eye, 4.3%). At the 1-year follow-up after the first injection, anterior chamber cell grade decreased from 0.5±0.4 to 0.3±0.4, and vitreous haziness grade decreased from 1.1±1.1 to 0.3±0.5 (p<0.05). Central macular thickness improved from 347.2±98.1 µm to 264.3±61.1 µm (p<0.05). Adalimumab injection in patients with refractory noninfectious uveitis decreased the anterior chamber cell grade, vitreous haziness grade, and central macular thickness with no severe side effect. Overall, adalimumab injection may, therefore, be an effective and relatively safe treatment modality for noninfectious uveitis in Korean patients.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875546

ABSTRACT

Background@#Intrapleural urokinase is one of the most widely used fibrinolytic agents in the treatment of complicated parapneumonic effusion (CPPE). However, little research has been performed on the optimal urokinase dosage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the treatment efficacy of half dose urokinase compared with conventional dose urokinase. @*Methods@#We retrospectively enrolled 92 patients with CPPE or empyema who underwent intrapleural urokinase treatment at two tertiary hospitals. Patients received antibiotics, chest tube drainage, and other treatments as part of routine care. The primary outcome was the treatment success rate in the half dose urokinase group (50,000 IU daily for maximal 6 days) and the conventional dose urokinase group (100,000 IU daily). Treatment success was defined as clinical and radiological improvements without surgical treatment or re-admission within one month. @*Results@#Forty-four patients received half dose urokinase, whereas 48 patients were treated with conventional dose urokinase. Both groups were relatively well matched at baseline, excluding higher serum white blood cell count and higher empyema prevalence in the half dose urokinase group. The treatment success rate was not different between the two groups (p=0.048). There were no differences in the rate of in-hospital death and surgical treatment, hospitalization duration, and indwelling catheter duration. In the multivariate analysis, urokinase dose was not a predictor of treatment success. @*Conclusion@#Half dose intrapleural urokinase is equally effective conventional dose urokinase in treating patients with CPPE or empyema.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874758

ABSTRACT

Background@#A rapid response system (RRS) contributes to the safety of hospitalized patients. Clinical deterioration may occur in the general ward (GW) or in non-GW locations such as radiology or dialysis units. However, there are few studies regarding RRS activation in non-GW locations. This study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients with RRS activation in non-GW locations and in the GW. @*Methods@#From January 2016 to December 2017, all patients requiring RRS activation in nine South Korean hospitals were retrospectively enrolled and classified according to RRS activation location: GW vs non-GW RRS activations. @*Results@#In total, 12,793 patients were enrolled; 222 (1.7%) were non-GW RRS activations.There were more instances of shock (11.6% vs. 18.5%) and cardiac arrest (2.7% vs. 22.5%) in non-GW RRS activation patients. These patients also had a lower oxygen saturation (92.6% ± 8.6% vs. 88.7% ± 14.3%, P < 0.001) and a higher National Early Warning Score 2 (7.5 ± 3.4 vs. 8.9 ± 3.8,P < 0.001) than GW RRS activation patients. Although non-GW RRS activation patients received more intubation (odds ratio [OR], 3.135; P < 0.001), advanced cardiovascular life support (OR, 3.912; P < 0.001), and intensive care unit transfer (OR, 2.502;P < 0.001), their hospital mortality (hazard ratio, 0.630; P = 0.013) was lower than GW RRS activation patients upon multivariate analysis. @*Conclusion@#Considering that there were more critically ill but recoverable cases in non-GW locations, active RRS involvement should be required in such locations.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899774

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a useful tool that is widely used in the emergency and intensive care areas. In Korea, insurance coverage of ultrasound examination has been gradually expanding in accordance with measures to enhance Korean National Insurance Coverage since 2017 to 2021, and which will continue until 2021. Full coverage of health insurance for POCUS in the emergency and critical care areas was implemented in July 2019. The National Health Insurance Act classified POCUS as a single or multiple-targeted ultrasound examination (STU vs. MTU). STU scans are conducted of one organ at a time, while MTU includes scanning of multiple organs simultaneously to determine each clinical situation. POCUS can be performed even if a diagnostic ultrasound examination is conducted, based on the physician's decision. However, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service plans to monitor the prescription status of whether the POCUS and diagnostic ultrasound examinations are prescribed simultaneously and repeatedly. Additionally, MTU is allowed only in cases of trauma, cardiac arrest, shock, chest pain, and dyspnea and should be performed by a qualified physician. Although physicians should scan all parts of the chest, heart, and abdomen when they prescribe MTU, they are not required to record all findings in the medical record. Therefore, appropriate prescription, application, and recording of POCUS are needed to enhance the quality of patient care and avoid unnecessary cut of medical budget spending. The present article provides background and clinical guidance for POCUS based on the implementation of full health insurance coverage for POCUS that began in July 2019 in Korea.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892070

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a useful tool that is widely used in the emergency and intensive care areas. In Korea, insurance coverage of ultrasound examination has been gradually expanding in accordance with measures to enhance Korean National Insurance Coverage since 2017 to 2021, and which will continue until 2021. Full coverage of health insurance for POCUS in the emergency and critical care areas was implemented in July 2019. The National Health Insurance Act classified POCUS as a single or multiple-targeted ultrasound examination (STU vs. MTU). STU scans are conducted of one organ at a time, while MTU includes scanning of multiple organs simultaneously to determine each clinical situation. POCUS can be performed even if a diagnostic ultrasound examination is conducted, based on the physician's decision. However, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service plans to monitor the prescription status of whether the POCUS and diagnostic ultrasound examinations are prescribed simultaneously and repeatedly. Additionally, MTU is allowed only in cases of trauma, cardiac arrest, shock, chest pain, and dyspnea and should be performed by a qualified physician. Although physicians should scan all parts of the chest, heart, and abdomen when they prescribe MTU, they are not required to record all findings in the medical record. Therefore, appropriate prescription, application, and recording of POCUS are needed to enhance the quality of patient care and avoid unnecessary cut of medical budget spending. The present article provides background and clinical guidance for POCUS based on the implementation of full health insurance coverage for POCUS that began in July 2019 in Korea.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810957

ABSTRACT

Point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) is a useful tool that is widely used in the emergency and intensive care areas. In Korea, insurance coverage of ultrasound examination has been gradually expanding in accordance with measures to enhance Korean National Insurance Coverage since 2017 to 2021, and which will continue until 2021. Full coverage of health insurance for POCUS in the emergency and critical care areas was implemented in July 2019. The National Health Insurance Act classified POCUS as a single or multiple-targeted ultrasound examination (STU vs. MTU). STU scans are conducted of one organ at a time, while MTU includes scanning of multiple organs simultaneously to determine each clinical situation. POCUS can be performed even if a diagnostic ultrasound examination is conducted, based on the physician's decision. However, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service plans to monitor the prescription status of whether the POCUS and diagnostic ultrasound examinations are prescribed simultaneously and repeatedly. Additionally, MTU is allowed only in cases of trauma, cardiac arrest, shock, chest pain, and dyspnea and should be performed by a qualified physician. Although physicians should scan all parts of the chest, heart, and abdomen when they prescribe MTU, they are not required to record all findings in the medical record. Therefore, appropriate prescription, application, and recording of POCUS are needed to enhance the quality of patient care and avoid unnecessary cut of medical budget spending. The present article provides background and clinical guidance for POCUS based on the implementation of full health insurance coverage for POCUS that began in July 2019 in Korea.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Budgets , Chest Pain , Critical Care , Dyspnea , Emergencies , Heart , Heart Arrest , Insurance Coverage , Insurance , Insurance, Health , Korea , Medical Records , National Health Programs , Patient Care , Point-of-Care Systems , Prescriptions , Shock , Thorax , Ultrasonography
11.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832864

ABSTRACT

Metastases to the thyroid gland have rarely been reported in clinical settings, and the thyroid gland is an uncommon site for breast carcinoma metastasis. We report a case of a 64-year-old breast cancer patient diagnosed with metastatic breast carcinoma in the thyroid gland after performing ultrasonography (US)-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) and subsequent total thyroidectomy. On US, the thyroid lesion appeared to be mildly enlarged with multiple internal hypoechoic lines and a few microcalcifications without mass formation. Under US-guidance, CNB was performed by targeting the area with microcalcifications and subsequently diagnosed as metastatic breast carcinoma. Total thyroidectomy revealed that the patient had metastatic invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast with lymphatic spread involving both lobes and the isthmus of the thyroid gland. Although the thyroid gland is an uncommon metastatic site, the unusual features of thyroid metastasis can be observed on US; thus, US-guided CNB effectively aids the diagnosis of thyroid metastasis.

12.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831521

ABSTRACT

Background@#The fatality rate of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) varies among countries owing to demographics, patient comorbidities, surge capacity of healthcare systems, and the quality of medical care. We assessed the clinical outcomes of patients with COVID-19 during the first wave of the epidemic in Korea. @*Methods@#Using a modified World Health Organization clinical record form, we obtained clinical data for 3,060 patients with COVID-19 treated at 55 hospitals in Korea. Disease severity scores were defined as: 1) no limitation of daily activities; 2) limitation of daily activities but no need for supplemental oxygen; 3) supplemental oxygen via nasal cannula; 4) supplemental oxygen via facial mask; 5) non-invasive mechanical ventilation; 6) invasive mechanical ventilation; 7) multi-organ failure or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation therapy; and 8) death. Recovery was defined as a severity score of 1 or 2, or discharge and release from isolation. @*Results@#The median age of the patients was 43 years of age; 43.6% were male. The median time from illness onset to admission was 5 days. Of the patients with a disease severity score of 3–4 on admission, 65 (71.5%) of the 91 patients recovered, and 7 (7.7%) died due to illness by day 28. Of the patients with disease severity scores of 5–7, 7 (19.5%) of the 36 patients recovered, and 8 (22.2%) died due to illness by day 28. None of the 1,324 patients who were < 50 years of age died; in contrast, the fatality rate due to illness by day 28 was 0.5% (2/375), 0.9% (2/215), 5.8% (6/104), and 14.0% (7/50) for the patients aged 50–59, 60–69, 70–79, and ≥ 80 years of age, respectively. @*Conclusion@#In Korea, almost all patients of < 50 years of age with COVID-19 recovered without supplemental oxygen. In patients of ≥ 50 years of age, the fatality rate increased with age, reaching 14% in patients of ≥ 80 years of age.

13.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836058

ABSTRACT

Background@#Sputum Gram stains and cultures are standard tests for thediagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections. Analysis reports of the sputumquality are scarce in relation to cultures as well as clinical diagnosis. @*Methods@#A total of 1,523 sputum specimens, requested for culture, wereevaluated for their quality using the modified Murray–Washington (MW)grouping system in association with the culture results. The clinical diagnosiswas investigated for the culture positive cases. @*Results@#There was a significant difference in bacterial growth (odds ratio,2.01; P =0.0164) and diagnosis of pneumonia (odds ratio, 4.18; P =0.002)between the acceptable groups (groups 4–5) and the unacceptable groups(groups 1–3). However, one-quarter did not belong to the current MW group.More than half of the sputum cultures were in group 6, with the lowestpositive rate (18.0%). Overall, 10% of the sputum cultures were related to aclinical diagnosis of pneumonia. @*Conclusions@#The MW grouping system should be revised, because onequarterdid not belong to the current group. Further evaluation of group 6will be needed. Improvement of sputum cultures is required to enhance thediagnosis of pneumonia.

14.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830435

ABSTRACT

Background@#The clindamycin-resistant erythromycin-susceptible (CRES) phenotype is rare in Streptococcus agalactiae (group B streptococci). We aimed to determine the molecular characteristics of CRES S. agalactiae using whole genome sequencing (WGS). @*Methods@#Sixty-six S. agalactiae isolates obtained from blood (N=26), cerebrospinal fluid (N=10), urine (N=17), and vaginal discharge (N=13) between 2010 and 2017 in Korea were subjected to WGS. Based on the WGS data, we analyzed antimicrobial resistance (AMR) determinants, sequence types (STs), capsular polysaccharide (CPS) genotypes, and virulence gene profiles, and constructed a phylogenetic tree. We included the clindamycin-susceptible erythromycin-resistant (CSER) phenotype for comparison. @*Results@#We identified seven CRES S. agalactiae isolates from urine (N=5) and vaginal discharge (N=2) collected between 2010 and 2011. All CRES isolates harbored AMR determinants of lnu(B), lsa(E), and aac(6’)-aph(2’’), revealed ST19 and CPS genotype III, and had a virulence gene profile of rib-lmb-cylE. Phylogenetic tree analysis revealed that all CRES isolates belonged to the same cluster, suggesting a clonal distribution. In contrast, seven CSER isolates showed a diverse distribution and clustered separately from the CRES isolates. @*Conclusions@#CRES isolates collected between 2010 and 2011 showed a unique cluster with ST19 and CPS genotype III in Korea. This is the first report on WGS-based characteristics of S. agalactiae in Korea.

15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761579

ABSTRACT

Identification of patients with a high risk of gastric cancer during gastric cancer surveillance is highly important. Most gastric cancers develop in the background of chronic gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. Pathological evaluation using biopsy specimen was proposed to stratify gastric cancer risk in the operative link for gastritis assessment and operative link for gastric intestinal metaplasia assessment staging systems from the West. However, biopsy specimens cannot represent the whole stomach, and endoscopic biopsy confers a risk of bleeding in certain patients. In the Kyoto classification of gastritis proposed by a Japanese study group, five endoscopically visible findings (atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, enlarged folds, nodularity, and diffuse redness) were selected, which are closely related to gastric cancer development due to H. pylori infection. Furthermore, the gastric cancer risk grading system based on the Kyoto classification of gastritis was suggested to identify patients with an increased risk of developing gastric cancer. Although this grading system needs validation to prove its efficacy, it is expected to be useful for most endoscopists who are involved in gastric cancer surveillance.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Biopsy , Classification , Gastritis , Helicobacter pylori , Hemorrhage , Humans , Metaplasia , Stomach , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766231

ABSTRACT

A close relationship has emerged between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and cardiac arrhythmia. However, transient sinus arrest or atrioventricular (AV) conduction disturbance during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep was rarely reported. This sleep stage specific arrhythmia has been referred to as REM sleep-related bradyarrhythmia syndrome. The differential diagnosis between OSA-related arrhythmia and REM sleep-related bradyarrhythmia syndrome is important in determining the treatment strategy for the underlying disease and its complication, especially in patient with a history of OSA. Here, we report a case with both REM sleep-related AV block and severe OSA, whose REM sleep-related AV block was not improved with continuous positive airway pressure treatment.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrioventricular Block , Bradycardia , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Diagnosis, Differential , Humans , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive , Sleep Stages , Sleep, REM
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765920

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The neurological manifestations of Sjögren's syndrome (SjS) are nonspecific and may precede the onset of sicca symptoms. Hence, the diagnosis of SjS is often delayed. Recurrent aseptic meningitis is an uncommon neurological manifestation of primary SjS; only few cases have been reported in the medical literature. CASE REPORT: A 54-year-old woman was admitted for recurrent aseptic meningitis. The patient had a history of two episodes of aseptic meningitis, which had occurred 12 and 7 years before this presentation. The patient had overt sicca symptoms for 5 years. SjS was diagnosed based on the results of serum autoantibody tests, Schirmer's test, and salivary scintigraphy. We concluded that recurrent aseptic meningitis occurred as an initial presentation of primary SjS. CONCLUSION: This case suggest that SjS should be included in the differential diagnosis of recurrent aseptic meningitis.


Subject(s)
Autoimmune Diseases , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Meningitis, Aseptic , Middle Aged , Neurologic Manifestations , Radionuclide Imaging , Sjogren's Syndrome
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761504

ABSTRACT

In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), ocular extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) are less common than EIM of other systems, but they are clinically important because they can lead to complications that can cause catastrophic damage to the visual acuity and ocular structure. Anterior uveitis and episcleritis are the most common ocular EIM. Involvement of the orbit, posterior segment, and optic nerve can also occur. A variety of treatments are available ranging from topical steroids to systemic immunosuppressive therapies. The treatment of IBD is also essential if the activity of inflammatory bowel disease affects the ocular symptoms.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Ophthalmology , Optic Nerve , Orbit , Scleritis , Steroids , Uveitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Visual Acuity
20.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 97-99, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738806

ABSTRACT

A 78-year-old male cadaver showed bilateral anomalous muscles on the dorsum of the hand. An extensor digitorum brevis manus was noted on the dorsum of the right hand. It originated from the distal end of the radius and the radiocarpal joint ligaments and inserted into the metacarpophalangeal joint of the third digit. On the dorsum of the left hand, an extensor digiti medii proprius was identified. It originated from the distal third of the ulna near the extensor indicis proprius and the interosseous membrane and inserted into the metacarpophalangeal joint of the third digit. Awareness of these combined muscular variation would be helpful in understanding the identification of digital extensors and in requiring careful consideration for the reconstruction surgery of the hand.


Subject(s)
Aged , Cadaver , Forearm , Hand , Humans , Joints , Ligaments , Male , Membranes , Metacarpophalangeal Joint , Muscles , Radius , Ulna
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL