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China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 805-812, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771664


This study aimed to investigate the possible sensitivity of Astragalus polysaccharides, in order to improve the chemosensitivity of cervical cancer HeLa cells to cisplatin by regulating the cell autophagy, and explore its possible mechanism. In this study, HeLa cells were divided into control group, cisplatin group, Astragalus polysaccharide group, and Astragalus polysaccharide combined with cisplatin group. MTT assay was used to detect the proliferation of cervical cancer HeLa cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis and cycle of HeLa cells in each experimental group. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of autophagy-related proteins beclin1, LC3Ⅱ and p62. The expression levels of autophagy-related proteins beclin1, LC3Ⅱ, LC3Ⅰ and p62 were detected by WB method. MTT results showed that compared with the control group, the proliferation of HeLa cells was significantly inhibited in each administration group(<0.05), and the inhibitory effect of the combination group was more significant(<0.01). The apoptotic rate of HeLa cells was significantly increased(<0.05), and the apoptotic rate of the combination group was significantly increased(<0.01) compared with the control group(<0.05).In conclusion, G₀/G₁ phase showed the most significant differences between the two groups. RT-PCR and WB results showed that the gene and protein expressions of beclin1 and LC3Ⅱ were up-regulated, while the gene and protein expressions of p62 were down-regulated compared with the control group. The above-mentioned changes in the combination group were more significant. Through the analysis of the above experimental results, it is speculated that Astragalus polysaccharides may increase the sensitivity of cervical cancer HeLa cells to cisplatin by regulating the cell autophagy. Its possible mechanism of action is correlated with the up-regulation of autophagy-related proteins beclin1, the promote the conversion from LC3Ⅰ to LC3Ⅱ, the down-regulation of labeled protein p62, and the enhancement of HeLa cell autophagic activity, thereby increasing the sensitivity of HeLa cells to cisplatin chemotherapy.

Humans , Apoptosis , Astragalus Plant , Chemistry , Autophagy , Cell Cycle , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , HeLa Cells , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Polysaccharides , Pharmacology
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1707-1711, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293930


<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sodium 4-phenylbutanoate (NaPB) can induce cellular differentiation and cell cycle arrest. However, its potential anticancer properties in hepatocellular carcinoma and influence on normal liver cell are still unclear. We observed the effects of NaPB on growth inhibition, including differentiation and phase growth arrest in normal liver cell line L-02 and hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Bel-7402. Furthermore, we investigated its mechanism in Bel-7402. METHODS; Hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402 and normal liver cell line L-02 were treated with NaPB at different concentrations. Light microscopy was used to find morphological change in cells. Cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Expression of acetylating histone H4 and of histones deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) were determined by Western blot. The expression of P21WAF1/CIP1 and E-cadherin were observed through immunocytochemistry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>NaPB treatment led to time dependent growth inhibition in hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402. NaPB treatment caused a significant decline in the fraction of S phase cells and a significant increase in G0/G1 cells. NaPB increased the expression of P21(WAF1/CIP1) and E-cadherin in Bel-7402 and significantly decreased the level of HDAC4 in Bel-7402. NaPB significantly improved the level of acetylating histone H4. The normal liver cell line L-02 showed no distinct changes under treatment with NaPB.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>NaPB inhibited the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cells Bel-7402 and induced partial differentiation through enhancing the acetylating histones. In Bel-7402, the expressions of P21(WAF1/CIP1) and E-cadherin may be related to level of acetylating histones and inhibition of cellular growth. NaPB showed no significant effect on normal liver cells.</p>

Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cadherins , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21 , Enzyme Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors , Liver Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Phenylbutyrates , Pharmacology
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-682961


Objective To investigate the constitutive characteristics and the change trend of gynecologic malignant tumors in hospitalized patients in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region over the recent 20 years.Methods Clinical data of 8009 in-patients who suffered from gynecologic malignant tumors in 23 hospitals from 1985 to 2004 in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region were analyzed,with respect to the tumor types and change trend.Results(1)The leading 4 types of malignant tumors were cervical cancers, ovarian cancers,endometrial cancers,and malignant trophoblastic tumors according to the constitutive ratios of the tumors.The constitutive ratio of cervical cancer patients rose year by year,from 17.48% during the 1985-1989 period to 49.25% during the 2000-2004 period(P0.05).(2)The occurring age of cervical cancers became younger obviously,from≥60 years old dropped to