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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 75-85, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875600

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Antiplatelet drugs are essential in patients with cardiovascular disease who undergo stent placement. We hypothesized that risks of mortality would differ according to adherence to antiplatelet agents, number of antiplatelet agents, and antiplatelet regimens in patients undergoing stent placement or angioplasty. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2002 and 2013, we initially enrolled 8671 subjects who underwent stent placement or angioplasty in the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort in Korea. Using the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision, the incidence of all-cause death, including cardiovascular disease, cerebrovascular disease, and cancer, was defined. Using a nested case-control study design, controls were matched to cases at a ratio of 4:1, and a total of 5415 subjects were eligible for this study. @*Results@#During a median follow-up period of 3.51 years, the incidence rate of all-cause death was 40 per 1000 person-years. We found that adherence to antiplatelet monotherapy significantly decreased risk of death by cerebro-cardiovascular disease, compared with discontinuation of antiplatelets [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.62, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.41–0.96)]. Compared with dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT), aspirin and clopidogrel monotherapy significantly reduced death by cerebro-cardiovascular disease [adjusted OR 0.65, 95% CI (0.44–0.95) and adjusted OR 0.58, 95% CI (0.35–0.96), respectively]. There was no significant difference of mortality between aspirin monotherapy and clopidogrel monotherapy. @*Conclusion@#Our study demonstrated that adherence to antiplatelet therapy and antiplatelet monotherapy, compared with DAPT, in patients with stent placement or angioplasty may have a beneficial effect on mortality in cerebro-cardiovascular disease.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901547

ABSTRACT

Background@#The number of patients requiring dialysis is increasing worldwide, and the atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter (AF) prevalence among hemodialysis (HD) patients is higher than in the general population. There have been no studies of Korean AF patients undergoing HD that investigated how AF affects outcomes, such as all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and stroke events. We conducted a large-scale retrospective cohort study with data from the National Health Insurance System to determine how AF affects these outcomes. @*Methods@#In 2013, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service, a Korean national health insurance scheme, collected data from 21,839 HD patients to evaluate the adequacy of dialysis centers. All-cause mortality, hospitalization, and stroke events were compared between patients with and without AF. Sub-analyses compared these outcomes between AF patients receiving warfarin and those not receiving warfarin. @*Results@#Cox regression analysis found that AF was a significant risk factor for death from any cause (hazard ratio [HR], 1.356; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.222–1.506; p < 0.001), hospitalization (HR, 1.323; 95% CI, 1.225–1.430; p < 0.001), and hemorrhagic stroke (HR, 1.500; 95% CI, 1.050–2.141; p = 0.026). AF was not significantly associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The use of warfarin was significantly associated with hemorrhagic stroke incidence (HR, 1.593; 95% CI, 1.075–2.360; p = 0.020), while there was no significant correlation between warfarin treatment and all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and ischemic stroke. @*Conclusion@#This cohort study of Korean dialysis patients showed that AF was a risk factor for multiple outcomes among HD patients.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893843

ABSTRACT

Background@#The number of patients requiring dialysis is increasing worldwide, and the atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter (AF) prevalence among hemodialysis (HD) patients is higher than in the general population. There have been no studies of Korean AF patients undergoing HD that investigated how AF affects outcomes, such as all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and stroke events. We conducted a large-scale retrospective cohort study with data from the National Health Insurance System to determine how AF affects these outcomes. @*Methods@#In 2013, the Health Insurance Review and Assessment service, a Korean national health insurance scheme, collected data from 21,839 HD patients to evaluate the adequacy of dialysis centers. All-cause mortality, hospitalization, and stroke events were compared between patients with and without AF. Sub-analyses compared these outcomes between AF patients receiving warfarin and those not receiving warfarin. @*Results@#Cox regression analysis found that AF was a significant risk factor for death from any cause (hazard ratio [HR], 1.356; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.222–1.506; p < 0.001), hospitalization (HR, 1.323; 95% CI, 1.225–1.430; p < 0.001), and hemorrhagic stroke (HR, 1.500; 95% CI, 1.050–2.141; p = 0.026). AF was not significantly associated with an increased risk of ischemic stroke. The use of warfarin was significantly associated with hemorrhagic stroke incidence (HR, 1.593; 95% CI, 1.075–2.360; p = 0.020), while there was no significant correlation between warfarin treatment and all-cause mortality, hospitalization, and ischemic stroke. @*Conclusion@#This cohort study of Korean dialysis patients showed that AF was a risk factor for multiple outcomes among HD patients.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917062

ABSTRACT

Background@#Because of high cost of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and the high mortality rate among severe acute kidney injury patients, careful identification of patients who will benefit from CRRT is warranted. This study determined factors associated with mortality among critically ill patients requiring CRRT. @*Methods@#This was a retrospective observational study of 414 patients admitted to the intensive care unit of four hospitals in South Korea who received CRRT from June 2017 to September 2018. Patients were divided according to degree of fluid overload (FO) and disease severity. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to explore the effect of relevant variables on mortality. @*Results@#In-hospital mortality rate was 57.2%. Ninety-day mortality rate was 58.5%. Lower creatinine and blood pH were significant predictors of mortality. A one-unit increase in the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score was associated with increased risk of and 90-day mortality (hazard ratio [HR], 1.07; p 10%, independent of disease severity. @*Conclusion@#FO increases the risk of mortality independent of other factors, including severity of acute illness. Prevention of FO should be a priority, especially when managing the critically ill.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917051

ABSTRACT

Background@#Minimal change disease (MCD) is one of the most common causes of nephrotic syndrome worldwide. Hyperuricemia increases the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) risk in glomerulonephritis. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of high serum uric acid levels on the progression to ESRD in MCD. @*Methods@#A total of 800 patients diagnosed with MCD by kidney biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. We determined the relationship of hyperuricemia with the progression to ESRD in MCD using the Cox proportional hazard model and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The primary outcome was defined as the initiation of dialysis or kidney transplantation. @*Results@#A total of 42 patients (5.3%) progressed to ESRD during the follow-up period. In the restricted cubic spline curve, serum uric acid levels exhibited a positive correlation with ESRD progression in patients with MCD. In the fully adjusted model, the risk of MCD progression increased by 29% for every 1 mg/dL increase in the baseline serum uric acid level (hazard ratio [HR], 1.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09–1.54; p = 0.004). Falling into the high uric acid group (serum uric acid level > 7 mg/dL in men and > 6 mg/dL in women) was also a risk factor for progression of MCD to ESRD (HR, 3.40; 95% CI, 1.59–7.31; p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Our study shows that hyperuricemia is an independent risk factor for the progression to ESRD in patients with MCD.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917046

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)/cMet pathway is necessary for repair and regeneration following acute kidney injury (AKI). We evaluated the clinical potential of plasma HGF and soluble cMet as prognostic biomarkers for severe AKI requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). @*Methods@#One hundred thirty-six patients with severe AKI who participated in the VENUS (volume management under body composition monitoring in critically ill patients on CRRT) trial between 2017 and 2019 were enrolled in this study. We investigated associations between plasma HGF and cMet concentrations and all-cause mortality. @*Results@#Plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels were positively correlated. Patients were divided into three groups based on their HGF and soluble cMet concentrations. The day D 0, D2, and D7 highest concentration HGF groups had significantly higher in-hospital mortality after adjusting for sex, body mass index, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II, and age-adjusted Charlson comorbidity index score, especially on D7 (hazard ratio, 4.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.71–10.62; p = 0.002). D7 soluble cMet level was also associated with mortality. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis indicated that D7 HGF and soluble cMet levels were best at predicting mortality. Addition of plasma HGF and soluble cMet to conventional prognostic indices significantly improved the predictive value for mortality on D7. However, plasma HGF and soluble cMet were not associated with fluid status. @*Conclusion@#Plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels were significant predictors of the outcomes of severe AKI patients undergoing CRRT. There was no correlation between plasma HGF and soluble cMet levels and fluid balance.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917034

ABSTRACT

Background@#Metformin has recently been shown not to increase the risk of lactic acidosis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Thus, the criteria for metformin use in this population has expanded. However, the relationship between metformin use and clinical outcomes in CKD remains controversial. @*Methods@#This study considered data from 97,713 diabetes patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2. The primary outcome was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), and the secondary outcomes were all-cause mortality and incident end-stage renal disease (ESRD). @*Results@#Metformin users had a significantly higher risk of MACCE than non-users (hazard ratio [HR], 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.14–1.26; p < 0.001). However, metformin users had a lower risk of all-cause mortality (HR, 0.78; 95% CI, 0.74–0.81; p < 0.001) and ESRD (HR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.42–0.47; p < 0.001) during follow-up than non-users did. The relationships between metformin use and clinical outcomes remained consistent in propensity score matching analyses and subgroup analyses of patients with adequate adherence to anti-diabetes medication. @*Conclusion@#Treatment with metformin was associated with an increased risk of MACCE in patients with diabetes and CKD. However, metformin users had a lower risk of all-cause mortality and ESRD during follow-up than non-users did. Therefore, metformin needs to be carefully used in patients with CKD.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834933

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although appropriate dietary adjustments in hemodialysis (HD) patients are important, most HD patients have difficulty adhering to dietary therapy due to the stress of a restricted-food diet or loss of appetite, which eventually leads to malnutrition and other complications. The dietary intake of HD patients stratified by nutritional status has not yet been studied. @*Methods@#In total, 111 HD patients from five dialysis centers were stratified into 2 groups based on the Subjective Global Assessment: the well-nourished group and the poorly nourished group. The 7-day dietary intake and food behaviors of the two groups were compared. Logistic regression analysis was performed to reveal the factors associated with poorly nourished status. @*Results@#The 7-day dietary survey showed a lower intake of total calories and protein and a higher intake of sodium and potassium than in the standard recommendations, but there were no differences between groups. The poorly nourished group ate fried food significantly more frequently than the well-nourished group. Moreover, higher hip and waist circumferences were significantly associated with poorly nourished status.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 506-514, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833359

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered factors increasing the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), their impact on CRC is not fully understood. This study was aimed to investigate the impact of CKD, DM, or both diseases on the risk of CRC and to evaluate sex differences therein. @*Materials and Methods@#Using data from the National Health Insurance Service–Health Examination Cohort in Korea, we conducted a 1:2 matched case-control study. The disease groups consisted of CKD-/DM+ (n=17700), CKD+/DM- (n=22643), and CKD+/DM+ groups (n=8506). After 1:2 matching by age, sex, and health examination year and month, the healthy control group consisted of 97698 individuals. @*Results@#Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the CKD-/DM+, CKD+/DM-, and CKD+/DM+ groups were independently associated with an increased incidence of CRC, compared with controls [hazard ratio (HR), 1.34, 1.31, and 1.63, respectively; all p<0.001]. Compared to the controls, adjusted HRs for the cumulative incidence of CRC in the CKD-/DM+, CKD+/DM-, and CKD+/DM+ groups were, respectively, 1.32, 1.26, and 1.43 in male and 1.38, 1.39, and 2.00 in female. The HR for CRC incidence was significantly higher for the CKD+/DM+ group than for the CKD-/DM+ or CKD+/DM- group in female; however, this significant difference was not observed in male. @*Conclusion@#In female, having both CKD and DM significantly increases the risk of CRC, compared with having CKD or DM alone. This study suggests a significant difference in the effect of CKD or DM on the risk of CRC according to sex.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914220

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockade is recommended for hypertensive patients with proteinuria, the effect of RAS blockade on Korean hypertensive patients has not been investigated.@*METHODS@#Among individuals who underwent a National Health Examination between 2002 and 2003 in Korea, hypertensive patients with proteinuria (defined as a dipstick test result ≥2+) were enrolled in this study. We investigated the outcomes of two groups stratified by RAS blockade prescription (with RAS blockade vs. without RAS blockade). Moreover, Cox proportional hazard regression and Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to examine the effects of RAS blockade on mortality and end-stage renal disease (ESRD).@*RESULTS@#A total of 8,460 patients were enrolled in this study, of whom 6,236 (73.7%) were prescribed with RAS blockade. The mean follow-up period was 129 months. A total of 1,003 (11.9%) patients died, of whom 273 (3.2%) died of cardiovascular (CV) events. The Kaplan-Meier curves for all-cause or CV mortality showed that the survival probability was significantly higher in the RAS blockade group than in the non-RAS blockade group. Multivariate Cox analysis also revealed RAS blockade significantly reduced the all-cause and CV mortality rates by 39.1% and 33.7%, respectively, compared with non-RAS blockade, even after adjusting for age, sex, and comorbid diseases; however, ESRD was not affected.@*CONCLUSION@#In this study, we found that RAS blockade was significantly associated with a reduction in mortality but not in the incidence of ESRD. However, 26.3% of the enrolled patients did not use RAS blockade. Physicians need to consider the usefulness of RAS blockade in hypertensive patients with proteinuria.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759002

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Mortality is higher in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) than in the general population, but little information is available on CKD-related mortality that is representative of the Korean population. Our objective was to investigate mortality risk in Korean patients with CKD. METHODS: We identified patients with incident CKD who had not undergone dialysis or kidney transplantation between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2007 in Korea using the database of the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort, and stratified the population into the following three groups: group 1 (n = 1,473), controls; group 2 (n = 2,212), patients with diabetes or hypertension, but without CKD; and group 3 (n = 2,212), patients with CKD. We then monitored them for all-cause mortality until December 2013. RESULTS: A total of 1,473 patients were included in this analysis. During the follow-up period, 941 patients in group 3 died (134 deaths/1,000 person-years) compared with 550 deaths in the group 2 (34 deaths/1,000 person-years) and 459 deaths in group 1 (30 deaths/1,000 person-years). The rate ratio for mortality rate was 4.5, and the hazard ratio for mortality was 4.88 (95% confidence interval [CI], 4.36–5.47, P < 0.001) in patients in group 3 compared with age- and sex-matched controls (group 1). The rate ratio for mortality rate was 4.0, and the hazard ratio for mortality was 4.36 (95% CI, 3.92–4.85, P < 0.001) in patients in group 3 compared with patients in group 2. CONCLUSION: In this nationally representative sample cohort, excess mortality was observed in Korean patients with incident CKD.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Dialysis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertension , Kidney Transplantation , Korea , Mortality , National Health Programs , Renal Insufficiency , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-mineral and bone disorder (MBD) and fracture risk are both closely related to declining renal function. Controlling hyperphosphatemia with phosphate binders is a basic principle of CKD-MBD treatment. The aim of this study was to identify differences in fracture risk between pre-dialysis CKD patients and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on dialysis, and to evaluate the effects of phosphate binders on fracture risk in ESRD patients. METHODS: Data from a total of 89,533 CKD patients comprising CKD diagnosis, dialysis, fracture history, and phosphate binder prescription history from 2012 to 2016 were retrieved from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service Database. Multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to identify whether dialysis or phosphate binders were associated with an increased fracture risk. RESULTS: Overall, the rate of fractures in pre-dialysis CKD patients was 74 per 1,000 patient-years, while that in dialysis patients was 84 per 1,000 patient-years. The risk of fracture in ESRD patients was higher than pre-dialysis CKD patients (hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.12–1.21; P < 0.001) after adjusting for confounding variables. In addition, the fracture risk in patients who were not taking phosphate binders was 20.0% higher compared to ESRD patients taking phosphate binders. CONCLUSION: Fractures were more prevalent in ESRD patients on dialysis than pre-dialysis CKD patients. Use of phosphate binders was associated with a lower fracture risk in ESRD patients.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Dialysis , Humans , Hyperphosphatemia , Insurance, Health , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Prescriptions , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 500-510, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786306

ABSTRACT

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis is important for reduction of cardiovascular risk. However, the current diagnostic strategy, which focuses on traditional risk factors or the use of risk scoring, is unsatisfactory. Arterial walls thicken and stiffen with age, a process known as arteriosclerosis. There is a close interaction between arterial stiffness and atherosclerosis. Increased luminal pressure and shear stress caused by arterial stiffening result in endothelial dysfunction, accelerate the formation of atheromas, and stimulate excessive collagen production and deposition in the arterial wall. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) has been shown to predict cardiovascular risk in many large studies. However, there is controversy regarding the value of CIMT for prediction of cardiovascular risk because of differences in study design, specifically with respect to CIMT measurements. Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is the most widely used measure of arterial stiffness; measurement of PWV is simple, non-invasive, and reproducible. Many clinical studies and meta-analyses have shown that PWV has predictive value in cardiovascular disease beyond traditional risk factors, both in the general population and in patients with various diseases. Brachial pressure has been a poor surrogate for aortic pressure for more than 50 years. However, recent studies have shown a closer relationship between central blood pressure and intermediate cardiovascular phenotypes or cardiovascular target organ damage, compared to the respective relationships with brachial blood pressure. Considering the non-invasiveness and ability to collect multiple types of clinical data, measurement of CIMT, PWV, and central blood pressure may be useful to identify patients at high risk for development of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Arterial Pressure , Arteriosclerosis , Atherosclerosis , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Collagen , Humans , Mortality , Phenobarbital , Phenotype , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Pulse Wave Analysis , Risk Factors , Vascular Stiffness
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786197

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Patients require risk stratification and preventive strategies for sudden cardiac death (SCD) based on the dialysis modality because the process of dialysis is a risk factor for SCD. This study aimed to compare the risk of SCD in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) versus peritoneal dialysis (PD).METHODS: Patients on HD and PD were included in the end-stage renal disease registry of the Korean Society of Nephrology between 1985 and 2017. The incidence and associated factors of SCD were analyzed based on the dialysis modalityRESULTS: Of 132,083 patients, 34,632 (26.2%) died during 94.8 ± 73.6 months of follow-up. In patients on HD and PD, 22.2% and 19.6% of total deaths were SCDs. In the propensity score-matched population, SCD accounted for 21.7% and 19.6% of total deaths in patients on HD and PD, respectively. HD was independently associated with SCD even after adjusting for age and significant comorbidities. Hypertension, coronary artery disease, and congestive heart failure, and age at the time of death < 65 years were independent risk factors for SCD in patients on HD but not in those on PD. Diabetes was significantly associated with SCD regardless of the dialysis modality.CONCLUSION: Compared with patients on PD, Korean patients on HD have a higher risk of SCD, which is attributable to cardiac comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Comorbidity , Coronary Artery Disease , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Dialysis , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Nephrology , Peritoneal Dialysis , Renal Dialysis , Risk Factors
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 492-504, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917165

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#A risk prediction is needed even in the contemporary era of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to develop a risk scoring specific for patients with AMI being treated with guideline-adherent optimal therapies, including percutaneous coronary intervention and all 5 medications (aspirin, thienopyridine, β-blocker, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker, and statin).@*METHODS@#From registries, 12,174 AMI patients were evaluated. The primary outcome was 1-year all-cause death or AMI. The Korea Working Group in Myocardial Infarction (KorMI) system was compared with the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX AMI), Controlled Abciximab and Device Investigation to Lower Late Angioplasty Complications (CADILLAC), and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events scores (GRACE) models.@*RESULTS@#Ten predictors were identified: left ventricular dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3), bare-metal stent (HR, 2.0), Killip class ≥II (HR, 1.9), renal insufficiency (HR, 1.8), previous stroke (HR, 1.6), regional wall-motion- score >20 on echocardiography (HR, 1.5), body mass index ≤24 kg/m2 (HR, 1.4), age ≥70 years (HR, 1.4), prior coronary heart disease (HR, 1.4), and diabetes (HR, 1.4). Compared with the previous models, the KorMI system had good discrimination (time-dependent C statistic, 0.759) and showed reasonable goodness-of-fit by Hosmer-Lemeshow test (p=0.84). Moreover, the continuous-net reclassification improvement varied from −27.3% to −19.1%, the integrated discrimination index varied from −2.1% to −0.9%, and the median improvement in risk score was from −1.0% to −0.4%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The KorMI system would be a useful tool for predicting outcomes in survivors treated with guideline-adherent optimal therapies after AMI.

19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 492-504, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738720

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A risk prediction is needed even in the contemporary era of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We sought to develop a risk scoring specific for patients with AMI being treated with guideline-adherent optimal therapies, including percutaneous coronary intervention and all 5 medications (aspirin, thienopyridine, β-blocker, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin receptor blocker, and statin). METHODS: From registries, 12,174 AMI patients were evaluated. The primary outcome was 1-year all-cause death or AMI. The Korea Working Group in Myocardial Infarction (KorMI) system was compared with the Assessment of Pexelizumab in Acute Myocardial Infarction (APEX AMI), Controlled Abciximab and Device Investigation to Lower Late Angioplasty Complications (CADILLAC), and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events scores (GRACE) models. RESULTS: Ten predictors were identified: left ventricular dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR], 2.3), bare-metal stent (HR, 2.0), Killip class ≥II (HR, 1.9), renal insufficiency (HR, 1.8), previous stroke (HR, 1.6), regional wall-motion- score >20 on echocardiography (HR, 1.5), body mass index ≤24 kg/m2 (HR, 1.4), age ≥70 years (HR, 1.4), prior coronary heart disease (HR, 1.4), and diabetes (HR, 1.4). Compared with the previous models, the KorMI system had good discrimination (time-dependent C statistic, 0.759) and showed reasonable goodness-of-fit by Hosmer-Lemeshow test (p=0.84). Moreover, the continuous-net reclassification improvement varied from −27.3% to −19.1%, the integrated discrimination index varied from −2.1% to −0.9%, and the median improvement in risk score was from −1.0% to −0.4%. CONCLUSIONS: The KorMI system would be a useful tool for predicting outcomes in survivors treated with guideline-adherent optimal therapies after AMI.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty , Angiotensins , Body Mass Index , Coronary Disease , Discrimination, Psychological , Drug Therapy , Echocardiography , Humans , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Registries , Renal Insufficiency , Stents , Stroke , Survivors , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713894

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common adult primary intracranial tumor. The remarkable features of GBM include central necrosis. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been considered as diagnostic/prognostic biomarkers for many cancers, including glioblastoma. However, the effect of necrosis on the miRNA expression profile and predicted miRNA-mRNA regulatory information remain unclear. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of necrotic cells on the modulation of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles and miRNA-mRNA network in CRT-MG cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used human astroglioma cells, CRT-MG, treated with necrotic CRT-MG cells to examine the effect of necrosis on the modulation of miRNA and mRNA by next-generation sequencing. For preparation of necrotic cells, CRT-MG cells were frozen and thawed through cycle of liquid nitrogen–water bath. The putative miRNA-mRNA regulatory relationship was inferred through target information, using miRDB. RESULTS: The necrotic cells induced dysregulation of 106 miRNAs and 887 mRNAs. Among them, 11 miRNAs that had a negative correlation value of p < 0.05 by the hypergeometric test were screened, and their target mRNAs were analyzed by Gene Ontology enrichment analysis. Using the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes database, we also found several necrotic cell treatment-activated pathways that were modulated by relevant gene targets of differentially expressed miRNAs. CONCLUSION: Our result demonstrated that dysregulation of miRNA and mRNA expression profiles occurs when GBM cells are exposed to necrotic cells, suggesting that several miRNAs may have the potential to be used as biomarkers for predicting GBM progression and pathogenesis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Astrocytoma , Baths , Biomarkers , Gene Ontology , Genome , Glioblastoma , Humans , MicroRNAs , Necrosis , RNA, Messenger
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