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1.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 306-310, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002991

ABSTRACT

An increase in the volume of endoscopic procedures performed in recent times has led to increasing detection rates of asymptomatic gastrointestinal subepithelial tumors. However, accurate diagnosis and risk assessment of these tumors preoperatively is challenging. A 70-year-old man patient visited the emergency department for evaluation of melena. Emergency endoscopy revealed an ulcerated subepithelial tumor (8 cm in size) in the gastric cardia and fundus. Computed tomography and upper endoscopy performed at another hospital 6 months earlier were reviewed; the mass showed a significant increase in size (from 2 cm to 8 cm). The patient underwent surgical resection of the mass and was diagnosed with a high-risk gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). In this article, we describe a rare case of a rapidly growing GIST at a rate significantly greater than commonly reported rates.

2.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 1055-1068, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968525

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Underconnectivity in the resting brain is not consistent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, it is known that the functional connectivity of the default mode network is mainly decreased in childhood ASD. This study investigated the brain network topology as the changes in the connection strength and network efficiency in childhood ASD, including the early developmental stages. @*Methods@#In this study, 31 ASD children aged 2–11 years were compared with 31 age and sex-matched children showing typical development. We explored the functional connectivity based on graph filtration by assessing the single linkage distance and global and nodal efficiencies using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The relationship between functional connectivity and clinical scores was also analyzed. @*Results@#Underconnectivities within the posterior default mode network subregions and between the inferior parietal lobule and inferior frontal/superior temporal regions were observed in the ASD group. These areas significantly correlated with the clinical phenotypes. The global, local, and nodal network efficiencies were lower in children with ASD than in those with typical development. In the preschool-age children (2–6 years) with ASD, the anterior-posterior connectivity of the default mode network and cerebellar connectivity were reduced. @*Conclusion@#The observed topological reorganization, underconnectivity, and disrupted efficiency in the default mode network subregions and social function-related regions could be significant biomarkers of childhood ASD.

3.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 207-223, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997508

ABSTRACT

Since glymphatic was proposed and meningeal lymphatic was discovered, MRI and even PET were introduced to investigate brain parenchymal interstitial fluid (ISF), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and lymphatic outflow in rodents and humans. Previous findings by ex vivo fluorescent microscopic, and in vivo two-photon imaging in rodents were reproduced using intrathecal contrast (gadobutrol and the similar)-enhanced MRI in rodents and further in humans. On dynamic MRI of meningeal lymphatics, in contrast to rodents, humans use mainly dorsal meningeal lymphatic pathways of ISF-CSF-lymphatic efflux. In mice, ISF-CSF exchange was examined thoroughly using an intra-cistern injection of fluorescent tracers during sleep, aging, and neurodegeneration yielding many details. CSF to lymphatic efflux is across arachnoid barrier cells over the dorsal dura in rodents and in humans. Meningeal lymphatic efflux to cervical lymph nodes and systemic circulation is also well-delineated especially in humans onintrathecal contrast MRI. Sleep- or anesthesia-related changes of glymphatic-lymphatic flow and the coupling of ISFCSF-lymphatic drainage are major confounders ininterpreting brain glymphatic/lymphatic outflow in rodents. PET imaging in humans should be interpreted based on human anatomy and physiology, different in some aspects, using MRI recently. Based on the summary in this review, we propose non-invasive and longer-term intrathecal SPECT/PET or MRI studies to unravel the roles of brain glymphatic/lymphatic in diseases.

4.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 9-27, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997494

ABSTRACT

Internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis including Moyamoya disease needs revascularization when hemodynamic insufficiency is validated. Vascular reserve impairment was the key to find the indication for endarterectomy/bypass surgery in the atherosclerotic ICA stenosis and to determine the indication, treatment effect, and prognosis in Moyamoya diseases. Vascular reserve was quantitatively assessed by 1-day split-dose I-123 IMP basal/acetazolamide SPECT in Japan or by Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT in other countries using qualitative or semi-quantitative method. We summarized the development of 1-day basal/ acetazolamide brain perfusion SPECT for ICA stenosis, both quantitative and qualitative methods, and their methodological issues regarding (1) acquisition protocol; (2) qualitative assessment, either visual or deep learning-based; (3) clinical use for atherosclerotic ICA steno-occlusive diseases and mostly Moyamoya diseases; and (4) their impact on the choice of treatment options. Trials to use CT perfusion or perfusion MRI using contrast materials or arterial spin labeling were briefly discussed in their endeavor to use basal studies alone to replace acetazolamide-challenge SPECT. Theoretical and practical issues imply that basal perfusion evaluation, no matter how much sophisticated, will not disclose vascular reserve. Acetazolamide rarely causes serious adverse reactions but included fatality, and now, we need to monitor patients closely in acetazolamide-challenge studies.

5.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 305-314, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997490

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The precise quantification of dopamine transporter (DAT) density on N-(3-[18F]Fluoropropyl)-2β-carbomethoxy-3β-(4-iodophenyl) nortropane positron emission tomography ([18F]FP-CIT PET) imaging is crucial to measure the degree of striatal DAT loss in patients with parkinsonism. The quantitative analysis requires a spatial normalization process based on a template brain. Since the spatial normalization method based on a delayed-phase PET has limited performance, we suggest an early-phase PET-based method and compared its accuracy, referring to the MRI-based approach as a gold standard. @*Methods@#A total of 39 referred patients from the movement disorder clinic who underwent dual-phase [18F]FP-CIT PET and took MRI within 1 year were retrospectively analyzed. The three spatial normalization methods were applied for quantification of [18F]FP-CIT PET-MRI-based anatomical normalization, PET template-based method based on delayed PET, and that based on early PET. The striatal binding ratios (BRs) were compared, and voxelwise paired t tests were implemented between different methods. @*Results@#The early image-based normalization showed concordant patterns of putaminal [18F]FP-CIT binding with an MRI-based method. The BRs of the putamen from the MRI-based approach showed higher agreement with early image- than delayed image-based method as presented by Bland-Altman plots and intraclass correlation coefficients (early image-based, 0.980; delayed image-based, 0.895). The voxelwise test exhibited a smaller volume of significantly different counts in putamen between brains processed by early image and MRI compared to that between delayed image and MRI. @*Conclusion@#The early-phase [18F]FP-CIT PET can be utilized for spatial normalization of delayed PET image when the MRI image is unavailable and presents better performance than the delayed template-based method in quantitation of putaminal binding ratio.

6.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 175-182, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997484

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#EGFR-mutation (EGFR-mt) is a major oncogenic driver mutation in lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) and is more oftenobserved in Asian population. In lung ADC, some radiomics parameters of FDG PET have been reported to be associated withEGFR-mt. Here, the associations between EGFR-mt and PET parameters, particularly asphericity (ASP), were evaluated inAsian population. @*Methods@#Lung ADC patients who underwent curative surgical resection as the first treatment were retrospectively enrolled.EGFR mutation was defined as exon 19 deletion and exon 21 point mutation and was evaluated using surgical specimens. OnFDG PET, image parameters of maximal standardized uptake value (SUVmax), metabolic tumor volume (MTV), total lesionglycolysis (TLG), and ASP were obtained. The parameters were compared between EGFR-mt and wild type (EGFR-wt) groups,and the relationships between these PET parameters and EGFR-mt were evaluated. @*Results@#A total of 64 patients (median age 66 years, M:F = 34:30) were included in the analysis, and 29 (45%) patients showedEGFR-mt. In EGFR-mt group, all the image parameters of SUVmax, MTV, TLG, and ASP were significantly lower than inEGFR-wt group (all adjusted P< 0.050). In univariable logistic regression, SUVmax (P= 0.003) and ASP (P= 0.010) weresignificant determinants for EGFR-mt, whereasMTV was not (P= 0.690). Multivariate analysis revealed that SUVmax and ASPare independent determinants for EGFR-mt, regardless of inclusion of MTV in the analysis (P< 0.05). @*Conclusion@#In Asian NSCLC/ADC patients, SUVmax, MTV, and ASP on FDG PET are significantly related to EGFR mutationstatus. Particularly, low SUVmax and ASP are independent determinants for EGFR-mt.

7.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 86-97, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997473

ABSTRACT

Due to the increasing use of preclinical targeted radionuclide therapy (TRT) studies for the development of novel theranosticagents, several studies have been performed to accurately estimate absorbed doses to mice at the voxel level using referencemouse phantoms and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. Accurate dosimetry is important in preclinical theranostics to interpretradiobiological dose-response relationships and to translate results for clinical use. Direct MC (DMC) simulation is believed toproduce more realistic voxel-level dose distribution with high precision because tissue heterogeneities and nonuniform sourcedistributions in patients or animals are considered. Although MC simulation is considered to be an accurate method for voxelbasedabsorbed dose calculations, it is time-consuming, computationally demanding, and often impractical in daily practice. Inthis review, we focus on the current status of voxel-based dosimetry methods applied in preclinical theranostics and discuss theneed for accurate and fast voxel-based dosimetry methods for pretherapy absorbed dose calculations to optimize the dosecomputation time in preclinical TRT.

8.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 236-243, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903249

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The details of breast reconstruction and radiation therapy (RT) vary between institutions; therefore, we sought to investigate the practice patterns of radiation oncologists who specialize in breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified the practice patterns and inter-hospital variations from a multi-center cohort of women with breast cancer who underwent post-mastectomy RT (PMRT) to the reconstructed breast at 16 institutions between 2015 and 2016. The institutions were requested to contour the target volume and produce RT plans for one representative case with five different clinical scenarios and answer questionnaires which elicited infrastructural information. We assessed the inter-institutional variations in RT in terms of the target, normal organ delineation, and dose-volume histograms. @*Results@#Three hundred fourteen patients were included; 99% of them underwent immediate reconstruction. The most irradiated material was tissue expander (36.9%) followed by transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (23.9%) and silicone implant (12.1%). In prosthetic-based reconstruction with tissue expander, most patients received PMRT following partial deflation. Conventional fractionation and hypofractionation RT were used in 66.6% and 33.4% patients, respectively (commonest: 40.05 Gy in 15 fractions [17.5%]). Furthermore, 15.6% of the patients received boost RT and 53.5% were treated with bolus. Overall, 15 physicians responded to the questionnaires and six submitted their contours and RT plans. There was a significant variability in target delineations and RT plans between physicians, and between clinical scenarios. @*Conclusion@#Adjuvant RT following post-mastectomy reconstruction has become a common practice in Korea. The details vary significantly between institutions, which highlights an urgent need for standard protocol in this clinical setting.

9.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 236-243, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895545

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The details of breast reconstruction and radiation therapy (RT) vary between institutions; therefore, we sought to investigate the practice patterns of radiation oncologists who specialize in breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We identified the practice patterns and inter-hospital variations from a multi-center cohort of women with breast cancer who underwent post-mastectomy RT (PMRT) to the reconstructed breast at 16 institutions between 2015 and 2016. The institutions were requested to contour the target volume and produce RT plans for one representative case with five different clinical scenarios and answer questionnaires which elicited infrastructural information. We assessed the inter-institutional variations in RT in terms of the target, normal organ delineation, and dose-volume histograms. @*Results@#Three hundred fourteen patients were included; 99% of them underwent immediate reconstruction. The most irradiated material was tissue expander (36.9%) followed by transverse rectus abdominis musculocutaneous flap (23.9%) and silicone implant (12.1%). In prosthetic-based reconstruction with tissue expander, most patients received PMRT following partial deflation. Conventional fractionation and hypofractionation RT were used in 66.6% and 33.4% patients, respectively (commonest: 40.05 Gy in 15 fractions [17.5%]). Furthermore, 15.6% of the patients received boost RT and 53.5% were treated with bolus. Overall, 15 physicians responded to the questionnaires and six submitted their contours and RT plans. There was a significant variability in target delineations and RT plans between physicians, and between clinical scenarios. @*Conclusion@#Adjuvant RT following post-mastectomy reconstruction has become a common practice in Korea. The details vary significantly between institutions, which highlights an urgent need for standard protocol in this clinical setting.

10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 194-204, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835602

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We aimed to analyze the treatment outcomes of ipsilateral cervical lymph node (CLN)-positive breast cancer without other distant metastasis and compare the outcomes with those of supraclavicular lymph node (SCL)-positive breast cancer. @*Methods@#Seventy-eight patients with breast cancer and ipsilateral CLN metastasis above the supraclavicular fossa (CLN[+] group) were treated at 7 institutions (2000–2014). Seventy-four patients received systemic chemotherapy and breast surgery followed by locoregional radiotherapy. Outcomes of the CLN(+) group were compared with those of the SCL(+) group, which included 183 patients with SCL involvement. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 55.9 months. Twenty-two regional failures were found in 15 patients—axillary lymph node (LN) in 8, SCL in 6, internal mammary LN in 3, previously involved CLN in 4, and previously uninvolved ipsilateral CLN in one patient. The 5-year overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional relapse-free survival (LRRFS), and distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) rates were 68.6%, 46.7%, 68.4%, and 57.0%, respectively. Neck dissection did not improve LRRFS and DFS (p = 0.86 and p = 0.26, respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that hormone receptor negativity and the presence of extracapsular extension were prognostic factors for poor DFS. On comparison with stage IIIC using propensity score matching, survival outcomes of the CLN(+) and SCL(+) groups were not different (5-year OS, p = 0.75; DFS, p = 0.88; LRRFS, p = 0.86; and DMFS, p = 0.45). @*Conclusion@#The comparable clinical outcomes indicate that patients with breast cancer who have ipsilateral CLN metastasis without other distant metastasis may benefit from locoregional treatment of the ipsilateral breast and systemic therapies, as do those with N3c disease.

11.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1489-1496, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831895

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated the efficacy of docetaxel and epirubicin as neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced breast cancer and assessed the predictive factors for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and prognostic factors related to relapse-free survival. @*Methods@#Forty patients who received docetaxel and epirubicinas neoadjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced breast cancer were evaluated retrospectively. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy consisted of intravenous injection of 75 mg/m2 docetaxel and 60 mg/m2 epirubucin on day 1, every 21 days, and two to six cycles. @*Results@#Twenty-five (62.5%) patients showed a partial response, and 15 (37.5%) patients showed a stable disease in the first response evaluation after two or three cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. In the second response evaluation of nine patients who received six cycles of neoadjuvant chemotherapy, one patient achieved a complete response, but two patients with hormone receptor-negative, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive breast cancer experienced disease progression. Twenty-five (62.5%) patients experienced downstaging after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Patients with > 20% pretreatment Ki-67 and decrease of Ki-67 between pre- and post-neoadjuvant chemotherapy showed a trend for better response. In multivariate analysis, advanced pathological stage showed a significant negative effect on relapse-free survival. @*Conclusions@#Docetaxel and epirubicin neoadjuvant chemotherapy showed a good response in locally advanced breast cancer. Pretreatment Ki-67 and change of Ki-67 may play a role as predictive factor for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

12.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 340-348, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997463

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Although quantification of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) is important for evaluating patients with cognitive impairment, its routine clinical use is hampered by complicated preprocessing steps and required MRI. Here, we suggested a one-step quantification based on deep learning using native-space amyloid PET images of different radiotracers acquired from multiple centers.@*METHODS@#Amyloid PET data of the Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) were used for this study. A training/validation consists of 850 florbetapir PET images. Three hundred sixty-six florbetapir and 89 florbetaben PET images were used as test sets to evaluate the model. Native-space amyloid PET images were used as inputs, and the outputs were standardized uptake value ratios (SUVRs) calculated by the conventional MR-based method.@*RESULTS@#The mean absolute errors (MAEs) of the composite SUVR were 0.040, 0.060, and 0.050 of training/validation and test sets for florbetapir PETand a test set for florbetaben PET, respectively. The agreement of amyloid positivity measured by Cohen's kappa for test sets of florbetapir and florbetaben PET were 0.87 and 0.89, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#We suggest a one-step quantification method for amyloid PET via a deep learning model. The model is highly reliable to quantify the amyloid PET regardless of multicenter images and various radiotracers.

13.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 153-163, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997459

ABSTRACT

Brain connectivity can now be studied with topological analysis using persistent homology. It overcame the arbitrariness of thresholding to make binary graphs for comparison between disease and normal control groups. Resting-state fMRI can yield personal interregional brain connectivity based on perfusion signal on MRI on individual subject bases and FDG PET produces the topography of glucose metabolism. Assuming metabolism perfusion coupling and disregarding the slight difference of representing time of metabolism (before image acquisition) and representing time of perfusion (during image acquisition), topography of brain metabolism on FDG PET and topologically analyzed brain connectivity on resting-state fMRI might be related to yield personal connectomics of individual subjects and even individual patients. The work of association of FDG PET/resting-state fMRI is yet to be warranted; however, the statistics behind the group comparison of connectivity on FDG PET or resting-state MRI was already developed. Before going further into the connectomics construction using directed weighted brain graphs of FDG PET or resting-state fMRI, I detailed in this review the plausibility of using hybrid PET/MRI to enable the interpretation of personal connectomics which can lead to the clinical use of brain connectivity in the near future.

14.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 340-348, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786489

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although quantification of amyloid positron emission tomography (PET) is important for evaluating patients with cognitive impairment, its routine clinical use is hampered by complicated preprocessing steps and required MRI. Here, we suggested a one-step quantification based on deep learning using native-space amyloid PET images of different radiotracers acquired from multiple centers.METHODS: Amyloid PET data of the Alzheimer Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) were used for this study. A training/validation consists of 850 florbetapir PET images. Three hundred sixty-six florbetapir and 89 florbetaben PET images were used as test sets to evaluate the model. Native-space amyloid PET images were used as inputs, and the outputs were standardized uptake value ratios (SUVRs) calculated by the conventional MR-based method.RESULTS: The mean absolute errors (MAEs) of the composite SUVR were 0.040, 0.060, and 0.050 of training/validation and test sets for florbetapir PETand a test set for florbetaben PET, respectively. The agreement of amyloid positivity measured by Cohen's kappa for test sets of florbetapir and florbetaben PET were 0.87 and 0.89, respectively.CONCLUSION: We suggest a one-step quantification method for amyloid PET via a deep learning model. The model is highly reliable to quantify the amyloid PET regardless of multicenter images and various radiotracers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alzheimer Disease , Amyloid , Cognition Disorders , Learning , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Neuroimaging , Positron-Emission Tomography
15.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 153-163, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786477

ABSTRACT

Brain connectivity can now be studied with topological analysis using persistent homology. It overcame the arbitrariness of thresholding to make binary graphs for comparison between disease and normal control groups. Resting-state fMRI can yield personal interregional brain connectivity based on perfusion signal on MRI on individual subject bases and FDG PET produces the topography of glucose metabolism. Assuming metabolism perfusion coupling and disregarding the slight difference of representing time of metabolism (before image acquisition) and representing time of perfusion (during image acquisition), topography of brain metabolism on FDG PET and topologically analyzed brain connectivity on resting-state fMRI might be related to yield personal connectomics of individual subjects and even individual patients. The work of association of FDG PET/resting-state fMRI is yet to be warranted; however, the statistics behind the group comparison of connectivity on FDG PET or resting-state MRI was already developed. Before going further into the connectomics construction using directed weighted brain graphs of FDG PET or resting-state fMRI, I detailed in this review the plausibility of using hybrid PET/MRI to enable the interpretation of personal connectomics which can lead to the clinical use of brain connectivity in the near future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Classification , Connectome , Glucose , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metabolism , Perfusion
17.
Korean Journal of Nuclear Medicine ; : 1-6, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786455

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asia , Friends , Theranostic Nanomedicine
18.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 402-407, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719416

ABSTRACT

PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome is a spectrum of disorders characterized by unique phenotypic features including multiple hamartomas caused by mutations of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. Cowden syndrome and Bannayan–Riley–Ruvalcaba syndrome are representative diseases, and both have several common clinical features and differences. Because PTEN mutations are associated with an increased risk of malignancy including breast, thyroid, endometrial, and renal cancers, cancer surveillance is an important element of disease management. We report a germline mutation of the PTEN (c.723dupT, exon 7) identified in a young woman with a simultaneous occurrence of breast cancer, dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, and follicular neoplasm. This case suggests that it is critical for clinicians to recognize the phenotypic features associated with these syndromes to accurately diagnose them and provide preventive care.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Dermatofibrosarcoma , Disease Management , Exons , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Germ-Line Mutation , Hamartoma , Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple , Kidney Neoplasms , Thyroid Gland
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1500-1508, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763211

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes of radiotherapy (RT) for breast cancer with ipsilateral supraclavicular (SCL) and/or internal mammary (IMN) lymph node involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 353 patients from 11 institutions were included. One hundred and thirty-six patients had SCL involvement, 148 had IMN involvement, and 69 had both. All patients received neoadjuvant systemic therapy followed by breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy, and postoperative RT to whole breast/chest wall. As for regional lymph node irradiation, SCL RT was given to 344 patients, and IMN RT to 236 patients. The median RT dose was 50.4 Gy. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 61 months (range, 7 to 173 months). In-field progression was present in SCL (n=20) and/or IMN (n=7). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rates were 57.8% and 75.1%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, both SCL/IMN involvement, number of axillary lymph node ≥ 4, triple-negative subtype, and mastectomy were significant adverse prognosticators for DFS (p=0.022, p=0.001, p=0.001, and p=0.004, respectively). Regarding the impact of regional nodal irradiation, SCL RT dose ≥ 54 Gy was not associated with DFS (5-year rate, 52.9% vs. 50.9%; p=0.696) in SCL-involved patients, and the receipt of IMN RT was not associated with DFS (5-year rate, 56.1% vs. 78.1%; p=0.099) in IMN-involved patients. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery and postoperative RT achieved an acceptable in-field regional control rate in patients with SCL and/or IMN involvement. However, a higher RT dose to SCL or IMN RT was not associated with the improved DFS in these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1589-1599, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763202

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: There is limited data on radiotherapy (RT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in patients with Child-Pugh classification B (CP-B). This study aimed to evaluate the treatment outcomes of fractionated conformal RT in HCC patients with CP-B. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of HCC patients with CP-B treated with RT between 2009 and 2014 at 13 institutions in Korea. HCC was diagnosed by the Korea guideline of 2009, and modern RT techniques were applied. Fraction size was ≤ 5 Gy and the biologically effective dose (BED) ≥ 40 Gy₁₀ (α/β = 10 Gy). A total of 184 patients were included in this study. RESULTS: Initial CP score was seven in 62.0% of patients, eight in 31.0%, and nine in 7.0%. Portal vein tumor thrombosis was present in 66.3% of patients. The BED ranged from 40.4 to 89.6 Gy₁₀ (median, 56.0 Gy₁₀). After RT completion, 48.4% of patients underwent additional treatment. The median overall survival (OS) was 9.4 months. The local progression-free survival and OS rates at 1 year were 58.9% and 39.8%, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, non-classic radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) (p < 0.001) and additional treatment (p < 0.001) were the most significant prognostic factors of OS. Among 132 evaluable patients without progressive disease, 19.7% experienced non-classic RILD. Normal liver volume was the most predictive dosimetric parameter of non-classic RILD. CONCLUSION: Fractionated conformal RT showed favorable OS with a moderate risk non-classic RILD. The individual radiotherapy for CP-B could be cautiously applied weighing the survival benefits and the RILD risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Classification , Disease-Free Survival , Korea , Liver , Liver Diseases , Multivariate Analysis , Portal Vein , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Treatment Outcome
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