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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 328-336, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966899

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Although endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) and fine needle biopsy (FNB) are widely used for tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid mass, the optimal strategy of this procedure has not been established yet. The aim of this nationwide study was to investigate the current practice patterns of EUS-FNA/FNB for pancreatic solid mass in Korea. @*Methods@#The Policy-Quality Management of the Korean Pancreatobiliary Association (KPBA) developed a questionnaire containing 22 questions. An electronic survey consisting of the questionnaire was distributed by e-mail to members registered to the KPBA. @*Results@#A total of 101 respondents completed the survey. Eighty respondents (79.2%) performed preoperative EUS-FNA/FNB for operable pancreatic solid mass. Acquire needles (60.4%) were used the most, followed by ProCore needles (47.5%). In terms of need size, most respondents (>80%) preferred 22-gauge needles regardless of the location of the mass. Negative suction with a 10-mL syringe (71.3%) as sampling technique was followed by stylet slow-pull (41.6%). More than three needle passes for EUS-FNA/FNB was performed by most respondents (>80%). The frequency of requiring repeated procedure was significantly higher in respondents with a low individual volume (<5 per month, p=0.001). Prophylactic antibiotics were routinely used in 39 respondents (38.6%); rapid on-site pathologic evaluation was used in 6.1%. @*Conclusions@#According to this survey, practices of EUS-FNA/FNB for pancreatic solid mass varied substantially, some of which differed considerably from the recommendations present in existing guidelines. These results suggest that the development of evidence-based quality guidelines fitting Korean clinical practice is needed to establish the optimal strategy for this procedure.

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 854-864, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003042

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#A previous history of post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP) is a risk factor for PEP, suggesting that there may be a genetic predisposition to PEP. However, nothing is known about this yet. The aim of this study was to identify genetic variations associated with PEP. @*Methods@#A cohort of high-risk PEP patients was queried from December 2016 to January 2019. For each PEP case, two propensity score-matched controls were selected. Whole exome sequencing was performed using blood samples. Genetic variants reported to be related to pancreatitis were identified. To discover genetic variants that predispose to PEP, a logistic regression analysis with clinical adjustment was performed. Gene-wise analyses were also conducted. @*Results@#Totals of 25 PEP patients and 50 matched controls were enrolled. Among the genetic variants reported to be associated with pancreatitis, only CASR rs1042636 was identified, and it showed no significant difference between the case and control groups. A total of 54,269 non-synonymous variants from 14,313 genes was identified. Logistic regression analysis of these variants showed that the IRF2BP1 rs60158447 GC genotype was significantly associated with the occurrence of PEP (odds ratio 2.248, FDR q value = 0.005). Gene-wise analyses did not show any significant results. @*Conclusions@#This study found that the IRF2BP1 gene variant was significantly associated with PEP. This genetic variant is a highly targeted PEP risk factor candidate and can be used for screening high-risk PEP groups before ERCP through future validation. (ClinicalTrials.gov no. NCT02928718)

3.
Gut and Liver ; : 475-481, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000390

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study aimed to investigate the patterns of preferred endoscopic procedure types and techniques for managing difficult common bile duct (CBD) stones in South Korea. @*Methods@#The Committee of Policy and Quality Management of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association (KPBA) conducted a survey containing 19 questions. Both paper and online surveys were carried out; with the paper survey being conducted during the 2019 Annual Congress of KPBA and the online survey being conducted through Google Forms from April 2020 to February 2021. @*Results@#The response rate was approximately 41.3% (86/208). Sixty-two (73.0%) worked at tertiary hospitals or academic medical centers, and 60 (69.7%) had more than 5 years of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography experience. The preferred size criteria for large CBD stones were 15 mm (40.6%), 20 mm (31.3%), and 30 mm (4.6%). For managing of large CBD stones, endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation after endoscopic sphincterotomy was the most preferred technique (74.4%). When performing procedures in those with bleeding diathesis, 64 (74.4%) respondents favored endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) alone or EPBD with small endoscopic sphincterotomy. Fifty-five respondents (63.9%) preferred the doubleguidewire technique when faced with difficult bile duct cannulation in patients with periampullary diverticulum. In surgically altered anatomies, cap-fitted forward viewing endoscopy (76.7%) and percutaneous transhepatic cholangioscopy (48.8%) were the preferred techniques for Billroth-II anastomosis and total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y anastomosis, respectively. @*Conclusions@#Most respondents showed unifying trends for the management of difficult CBD stones. The current practice patterns could be used as basic data for clinical quality improvements in the management of difficult CBD stones.

4.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 63-72, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919204

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The study aimed to investigate the current practice patterns in the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms in Korea. @*Methods@#An electronic survey was systematically distributed by email to members of the Korean Pancreatobiliary Association from December 2019 to February 2020. @*Results@#In total, 115 (110 gastroenterologists, five surgeons) completed the survey, 72.2% of whom worked in a tertiary/academic medical center. Most (65.2%) followed the 2012/2017 International Association of Pancreatology guidelines for the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms. A gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography was the most common first-line diagnostic modality (42.1%), but a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan was preferred as a subsequent surveillance tool (58.3%). Seventy- four percent of respondents routinely performed endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration for pancreatic cystic neoplasms with suspicious mural nodules. Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration cytology (94.8%) and cystic fluid carcinoembryonic antigen (95.7%) were used for cystic fluid analysis. Most (94%) typically recommended surgery in patients with high-risk stigmata, but 18.3% also considered proceeding with surgery in patients with worrisome features. Most (96.5%) would continue surveillance of pancreatic cystic neoplasms for more than 5 years. @*Conclusions@#According to this survey, there was variability in the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms among the respondents. These results suggest that the development of evidence-based guidelines for pancreatic cystic neoplasms that fit the Korean practice is needed to create an optimal approach to the management of pancreatic cystic neoplasms.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 904-911, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914354

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The work environment in which endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is conducted has influence on its efficacy and safety. We aimed to assess the current status of ERCP work environments and to investigate the trends associated with the basic techniques of ERCP in Korea. @*Methods@#The work environment and information on the basic techniques of ERCP were acquired by the Korean Pancreatobiliary Association (KPBA) through a national survey in 2019. The survey was performed at the KPBA conference in 2019. The contents of survey comprised of the current environment of ERCP, preparation before ERCP, and the preferred basic techniques used in ERCP. @*Results@#Completed questionnaires were returned from 84 KPBA members. The mean ERCP volume per year was approximately 500. About 60% (50/84) reported that they worked with a dedicated ERCP team with experienced nurses. Two-thirds (57/84, 68%) answered that they had a fluoroscopy room used solely for ERCP procedures. All respondents intravenously hydrated the patient to prevent post-ERCP pancreatitis (84/84, 100%). The preferred procedural sedations were balanced propofol sedation (50%) and midazolam-only sedation (47%). Wire-guided cannulation was most commonly used for selective cannulation (81%). Endoscopic retrograde biliary drainage was preferred over endoscopic nasobiliary drainage (60% vs 22%). The initial method of ampullary intervention was endoscopic sphincterotomy in 60%. @*Conclusions@#Data from the survey involving a large number of Korean ERCP doctors revealed considerable variabilities with regard to the work environment and basic techniques of ERCP in Korea. The study provides information regarding the current trends of ERCP that can be used to establish ERCP standards in Korea.

6.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 107-117, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836743

ABSTRACT

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) are immune-mediated chronic liver diseases. PSC is a rare disorder characterized by multi-focal bile duct strictures and progressive liver diseases, in which liver transplantation is required ultimately in most patients. Imaging studies such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography have important role in diagnosis in most cases of PSC. PSC is usually accompanied by inflammatory bowel disease and there is a high risk of cholangiocarcinoma and colorectal cancer in PSC. No medical therapies have been proven to delay progression of PSC. Endoscopic intervention for tissue diagnosis or biliary drainage is frequently required in cases of PSC with dominant stricture, acute cholangitis, or clinically suspected cholangiocarcinoma. PBC is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune cholestatic liver disease, which when untreated will culminate in endstage biliary cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation. Diagnosis is usually based on the presence of serum liver tests indicative of a cholestatic hepatitis in association with circulating antimitochondrial antibodies. Patient presentation and course can be diverse in PBC and risk stratification is important to ensure all patients receive a personalised approach to their care. Medical therapy using ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) or obeticholic acid (OCA) has an important role to reduce the progression to end-stage liver disease in PBC.

7.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 246-256, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834089

ABSTRACT

Primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) are immune-mediated chronic liver diseases. PSC is a rare disorder characterized by multi-focal bile duct strictures and progressive liver diseases that ultimately results in the need for liver transplantation in most patients. Imaging studies, such as MRCP, have an essential role in the diagnosis of most cases of PSC. PSC is usually accompanied by inflammatory bowel disease, and there is a high risk of cholangiocarcinoma and colorectal cancer in PSC. No medical therapies have been proven to delay the progression of PSC. Endoscopic intervention for tissue diagnosis or biliary drainage is frequently required in cases of PSC with a dominant stricture, acute cholangitis, or clinically suspected cholangiocarcinoma. PBC is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune cholestatic liver disease, which, when untreated, will culminate in end-stage biliary cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation. A diagnosis is usually based on the presence of serum liver tests indicative of cholestatic hepatitis in association with circulating antimitochondrial antibodies. Patient presentation and course can be diverse in PBC, and risk stratification is important for ensuring that all patients receive a personalized approach to their care. Medical therapy using ursodeoxycholic acid or obeticholic acid has an important role in reducing the progression to end-stage liver disease in PBC.

8.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 276-285, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832169

ABSTRACT

The area of endoscopic application has been continuously expanded since its introduction in the last century and the frequency of its use also increased stiffly in the last decades. Because gastrointestinal endoscopy is naturally exposed to diseased internal organs and contact with pathogenic materials, endoscopy mediated infection or disease transmission becomes a major concern in this field. Gastrointestinal endoscopy is not for single use and the proper reprocessing process is a critical factor for safe and reliable endoscopy procedures. What needed in these circumstances is a practical guideline for reprocessing the endoscope and its accessories which is feasible in the real clinical field to guarantee acceptable prevention of pathogen transmission. This guideline contains principles and instructions of the reprocessing procedure according to the step by step. And it newly includes general information and updated knowledge about endoscopy-mediated infection and disinfection. Multiple societies and working groups participated to revise; Korean Association for the Study of the Liver, the Korean Society of Infectious Diseases, Korean College of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research, the Korean Society of Gastroenterology, Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Cancer, Korean Association for the Study of Intestinal Diseases, Korean Pancreatobiliary Association, the Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Nurses and Associates and Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. Through this cooperation, we enhanced communication and established a better concordance. We still need more researches in this field and fill up the unproven area. And our guidelines will be renewed accordingly.

9.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 21-30, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741332

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study is to describe the outcome of the national survey and to determine the endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) quality in Korea by comparing with the quality indicators. METHODS: We used the database of Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service and then performed anonymous national survey. RESULTS: Completed questionnaires were returned by 129 of 157 ERCP endoscopists. In Korea, annual ERCP rates have been consistently increased over years. Individual ERCP volume was high (>200 per year) in about half of ERCP endoscopists. Most ERCP endoscopists performed all of level I procedures. However, manometry, cholangiopancreatoscopy, and pancreatic procedures were performed mostly in institutions with high hospital volume. The rate of overall success was more than 90% in most ERCP endoscopists. However, the rate of precut sphincterotomy was high in more than a fourth of ERCP endoscopists. Twelve ERCP endoscopists experienced post-ERCP mortality within recent 1 year. ERCP training and radiation protection during ERCP did not meet the standard of quality indicators especially in institutions with low or moderate hospital volume. CONCLUSIONS: Technical issues during ERCP procedures in Korea fulfill the standard of quality indicators. However, a great effort is needed to improve issues about ERCP training and radiation protection.


Subject(s)
Anonyms and Pseudonyms , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Insurance, Health , Korea , Manometry , Mortality , Radiation Protection , Republic of Korea , Surveys and Questionnaires
10.
Gut and Liver ; : 1-2, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100554

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cardia , Esophagus , Stents
11.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143204

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
12.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 14-18, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143202

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential method for diagnosis and treatment of various pancreatobiliary diseases and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is the gateway to complete ERCP. Although techniques and instruments for EST have improved, bleeding is still the most common complication. Treatment of immediate post-EST bleeding is important because blood can interfere with subsequent procedures. Additionally, endoscopists should be cautious about delayed bleeding may cause hemobilia, cholangitis, and hemodynamic shock. Most cases of post-EST bleedings will stop spontaneously, however, endoscopic management is necessary in case of clinically significant and persistent bleeding. Various endoscopic methods including epinephrine or fibrin glue injection, electrocoagulation, hemoclipping and band ligation et al can be used through a sideviewing or forward-viewing endoscope similar to those used in hemostasis of peptic ulcer bleeding. Endoscopists who perform ERCP should use various methods of endoscopic hemostasis strategically.


Subject(s)
Arm , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Diagnosis , Electrocoagulation , Endoscopes , Epinephrine , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Hemobilia , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Ligation , Methods , Peptic Ulcer , Shock , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic
13.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143197

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
14.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 14-18, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143195

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential method for diagnosis and treatment of various pancreatobiliary diseases and endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) is the gateway to complete ERCP. Although techniques and instruments for EST have improved, bleeding is still the most common complication. Treatment of immediate post-EST bleeding is important because blood can interfere with subsequent procedures. Additionally, endoscopists should be cautious about delayed bleeding may cause hemobilia, cholangitis, and hemodynamic shock. Most cases of post-EST bleedings will stop spontaneously, however, endoscopic management is necessary in case of clinically significant and persistent bleeding. Various endoscopic methods including epinephrine or fibrin glue injection, electrocoagulation, hemoclipping and band ligation et al can be used through a sideviewing or forward-viewing endoscope similar to those used in hemostasis of peptic ulcer bleeding. Endoscopists who perform ERCP should use various methods of endoscopic hemostasis strategically.


Subject(s)
Arm , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangitis , Diagnosis , Electrocoagulation , Endoscopes , Epinephrine , Fibrin Tissue Adhesive , Hemobilia , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Ligation , Methods , Peptic Ulcer , Shock , Sphincterotomy, Endoscopic
15.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 930-932, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151254

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetes Mellitus , Myositis , Renal Dialysis , Vasculitis
16.
Intestinal Research ; : 172-177, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-168225

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of colorectal neoplasia in subjects with fundic gland polyps (FGPs) and the relationship between FGPs and colorectal neoplasia in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed 128 consecutive patients with FPGs who underwent colonoscopy between January 2009 and December 2013. For each case, age- (±5 years) and sex-matched controls were identified from among patients with hyperplastic polyps, gastric neoplasms, and healthy controls. Clinical characteristics were reviewed from medical records, colonoscopic findings, pathologic findings, and computed tomography images. The outcome was evaluated by comparison of advanced colonic neoplasia detection rates. RESULTS: Of the 128 patients, seven (5.1%) had colon cancers and seven (5.1%) had advanced adenomas. A case-control study revealed that the odds of detecting a colorectal cancer was 3.8 times greater in patients with FGPs than in the age- and sex-matched healthy controls (odds ratio [OR], 3.80; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-13.24; P =0.04) and 4.1 times greater in patients with FGPs than in healthy controls over 50 years of age (OR, 4.10; 95% CI, 1.16-14.45; P =0.04). Among patients with FGPs over 50 years old, male sex (OR, 4.83; 95% CI, 1.23-18.94; P =0.02), and age (OR, 9.90; 95% CI, 1.21-81.08; P =0.03) were associated with an increased prevalence of advanced colorectal neoplasms. CONCLUSIONS: The yield of colonoscopy in colorectal cancer patients with FGPs was substantially higher than that in average-risk subjects. Colonoscopy verification is warranted in patients with FGPs, especially in those 50 years of age or older.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adenoma , Case-Control Studies , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Korea , Medical Records , Polyps , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 470-478, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101300

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study was performed to investigate the clinical role of urgent esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) for acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding (ANVUGIB) performed by experienced endoscopists after hours. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for consecutively collected data of patients with ANVUGIB between January 2009 and December 2010. RESULTS: A total of 158 patients visited the emergency unit for ANVUGIB after hours. Among them, 60 underwent urgent EGD (within 8 hours) and 98 underwent early EGD (8 to 24 hours) by experienced endoscopists. The frequencies of hemodynamic instability, fresh blood aspirate on the nasogastric tube, and high-risk endoscopic findings were significantly higher in the urgent EGD group. Primary hemostasis was achieved in all except two patients. There were nine cases of recurrent bleeding, and 30-day mortality occurred in three patients. There were no significant differences between the two groups in primary hemostasis, recurrent bleeding, and 30-day mortality. In a multiple linear regression analysis, urgent EGD significantly reduced the hospital stay compared with early EGD. In patients with a high clinical Rockall score (more than 3), urgent EGD tended to decrease the hospital stay, although this was not statistically significant (7.7 days vs. 12.0 days, p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Urgent EGD after hours by experienced endoscopists had an excellent endoscopic success rate. However, clinical outcomes were not significantly different between the urgent and early EGD groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Hemodynamics , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Hemostasis, Endoscopic , Length of Stay , Linear Models , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
18.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 265-267, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62586

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Pancreatitis/pathology
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