Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 57
Filter
1.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 635-644, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002038

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The History, Electrocardiography, Age, Risk factors, and Troponin (HEART) pathway was developed to identify patients at low risk of a major adverse cardiac event (MACE) among patients presenting with chest pain to the emergency department. @*Methods@#We modified the HEART pathway by replacing the Korean cut-off of 25 kg/m2 with the conventional threshold of 30 kg/m2 in the definition of obesity among risk factors. The primary outcome was a MACE within 30 days, which included acute myocardial infarction, primary coronary intervention, coronary artery bypass grafting, and all-cause death. @*Results@#Of the 1,304 patients prospectively enrolled, MACE occurred in 320 (24.5%). The modified HEART pathway identified 37.3% of patients as low-risk compared with 38.3% using the HEART pathway. Of the 500 patients classified as low-risk with HEART pathway, 8 (1.6%) experienced MACE, and of the 486 low-risk patients with modified HEART pathway, 4 (0.8%) experienced MACE. The modified HEART pathway had a sensitivity of 98.8%, a negative predictive value (NPV) of 99.2%, a specificity of 49.0%, and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 38.6%, compared with the original HEART pathway, with a sensitivity of 97.5%, a NPV of 98.4%, a specificity of 50.0%, and a PPV of 38.8%. @*Conclusions@#When applied to Korean population, modified HEART pathway could identify patients safe for early discharge more accurately by using body mass index cut-off levels suggested for Koreans.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 453-461, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001874

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study evaluates the association between the initial fibrinogen levels and adverse outcomes in emergency department (ED) patients with primary postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). @*Methods@#This retrospective observational study was performed between January 2004 and December 2021 in the ED of a university-affiliated tertiary referral center. Primary PPH patients with fibrinogen level assessments in the ED were included. Patients were classified into two groups: the adverse outcome group-defined as patients receiving massive transfusion (transfusion of ≥10 units of packed red blood cells within the initial 24 hours), uterine artery embolization or emergency hysterectomy, intensive care unit admission, and in-hospital mortality-and the non-adverse outcome group. @*Results@#Of the 481 patients included in the study, 276 (57.4%) had adverse outcomes. The median fibrinogen level in patients with adverse outcomes was lower than in patients without adverse outcomes-149.5 mg/dL (range, 66.8-228.8) vs. 288.0 mg/dL (range, 215.0-349.0), respectively; P<0.001. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the initial fibrinogen level for adverse outcomes was 0.811 (95% confidence interval, 0.773-0.849; P<0.001). The occurrence of adverse outcomes increased with decreasing fibrinogen levels (P<0.001). When the cutoff value of the initial fibrinogen level was 400 mg/dL, the sensitivity and negative predictive values for predicting adverse outcomes were 98.6% and 84.6%, respectively. When the cutoff value of the initial fibrinogen level was 100 mg/dL, the specificity and positive predictive values were 96.6% and 92.8%, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The initial fibrinogen levels on ED admission are associated with adverse outcomes.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e172-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899955

ABSTRACT

Background@#Inter-hospital transfer (IHT) for emergency department (ED) admission is a burden to high-level EDs. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and ED utilization patterns of patients who underwent single and double IHTs at high-level EDs in South Korea. @*Methods@#This nationwide cross-sectional study analyzed data from the National Emergency Department Information System for the period of 2016–2018. All the patients who underwent IHT at Level I and II emergency centers during this time period were included. The patients were categorized into the single-transfer and double-transfer groups. The clinical characteristics and ED utilization patterns were compared between the two groups. @*Results@#We found that 2.1% of the patients in the ED (n = 265,046) underwent IHTs; 18.1% of the pediatric patients (n = 3,556), and 24.2% of the adult patients (n = 59,498) underwent double transfers. Both pediatric (median, 141.0 vs. 208.0 minutes, P < 0.001) and adult (median, 189.0 vs. 308.0 minutes, P < 0.001) patients in the double-transfer group had longer duration of stay in the EDs. Patient's request was the reason for transfer in 41.9% of all IHTs (111,076 of 265,046). Unavailability of medical resources was the reason for transfer in 30.0% of the double transfers (18,920 of 64,054). @*Conclusion@#The incidence of double-transfer of patients is increasing. The main reasons for double transfers were patient's request and unavailability of medical resources at the firsttransfer hospitals. Emergency physicians and policymakers should focus on lowering the number of preventable double transfers.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e172-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892251

ABSTRACT

Background@#Inter-hospital transfer (IHT) for emergency department (ED) admission is a burden to high-level EDs. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and ED utilization patterns of patients who underwent single and double IHTs at high-level EDs in South Korea. @*Methods@#This nationwide cross-sectional study analyzed data from the National Emergency Department Information System for the period of 2016–2018. All the patients who underwent IHT at Level I and II emergency centers during this time period were included. The patients were categorized into the single-transfer and double-transfer groups. The clinical characteristics and ED utilization patterns were compared between the two groups. @*Results@#We found that 2.1% of the patients in the ED (n = 265,046) underwent IHTs; 18.1% of the pediatric patients (n = 3,556), and 24.2% of the adult patients (n = 59,498) underwent double transfers. Both pediatric (median, 141.0 vs. 208.0 minutes, P < 0.001) and adult (median, 189.0 vs. 308.0 minutes, P < 0.001) patients in the double-transfer group had longer duration of stay in the EDs. Patient's request was the reason for transfer in 41.9% of all IHTs (111,076 of 265,046). Unavailability of medical resources was the reason for transfer in 30.0% of the double transfers (18,920 of 64,054). @*Conclusion@#The incidence of double-transfer of patients is increasing. The main reasons for double transfers were patient's request and unavailability of medical resources at the firsttransfer hospitals. Emergency physicians and policymakers should focus on lowering the number of preventable double transfers.

5.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 979-987, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831805

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Among patients with febrile neutropenia that developed after chemotherapy, high-risk patients, such as those having clinical instability or Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer score of < 21, require hospitalization for intravenous empiric antibiotic therapy. Monotherapy with an anti-pseudomonal ß-lactam agent is recommended. Although many studies reported the microbial etiology of infections and resistant patterns of febrile neutropenia, the patients were not well characterized as having neutropenic septic shock. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the microbial spectrum of infections and resistance patterns of their isolates in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenic septic shock. @*Methods@#Data of adult patients diagnosed with neutropenic septic shock in the emergency department between June 2012 and December 2016 were extracted from a prospectively compiled septic shock registry at a single academic medical center. Thereafter, microbiological studies and antimicrobial susceptibility tests were conducted. @*Results@#In total, 109 bacteria were found in patients with neutropenic septic shock. Gram-negative bacteria were the predominant causative organisms (84, 77.1%). Moreover, 33 microorganisms (30.3%) were multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria with extended-spectrum ß-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (17, 50%) being the commonest. The most commonly affected sites in patients with MDR bacterial infections were the gastrointestinal tract (45%) and unknown (43.5%). Approximately 48.5% of MDR bacteria were resistant to cefepime but not to piperacillin- tazobactam or carbapenem. @*Conclusions@#MDR bacteria were prevalent in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenic septic shock. Therefore, piperacillin-tazobactam or carbapenem may be considered as empiric antibiotics if MDR bacteria are suspected to be causative agents.

6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 518-525, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901171

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a global trend that has negative impacts on the clinical outcomes, especially on critically ill patients. Reducing the portion of these critical patients by limiting the ED length of stay (LOS) to less than 6 hours has become one of the most crucial targets of government policy. This could be valuable for resolving overcrowding, but the clinical impacts and applicability had not been evaluated. @*Methods@#Consecutive emergency patients registered on the National Emergency Department Information System from January 2016 to December 2017 were analyzed. This study included critically ill patients who had a severe illness code, as defined by the government. The in-hospital mortality rate was compared by under or over six hours of ED LOS, in patients with a severe illness code, and intensive care unit (ICU) patients. @*Results@#Among 18,217,034 patients, 436,219 patients had a severe illness code. The ED LOS in the less than six hours group showed a higher in-hospital mortality rate than that of more than six-hours group (7.1% vs. 6.5%, respectively). When the rule for the severe illness code to ICU admission was changed, the in-hospital mortality rate showed a remarkable difference between the under and over six-hour group (12.8% vs. 15.0%, respectively). The proportion of critically ill patients admitted within six hours increased when the standard for outlier removal was set higher than the current. @*Conclusion@#A more suitable quality indicator or criterion for severe illness code is required for improving the clinical outcomes.

7.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 570-575, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901165

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed at evaluating the characteristics and outcomes of patients who were diagnosed with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning after using a gas water heater and to describe similar CO poisoning incidents involving gas water heaters in Korea. @*Methods@#We reviewed gas water heater-related CO poisoning affected patients who visited our emergency department (ED) from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2019, and the CO poisoning incidents due to gas water heaters reported by the Korea Gas Safety Corporation (KGS) from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2019. @*Results@#During the study period, a total of eight patients visited our ED as a result of five incidents. All five incidents occurred while using a gas water heater in an enclosed space. Five patients were poisoned by CO while taking a shower, and the other three were poisoned by CO while washing their hair. Most patients complained of a transient loss of consciousness, headache, dizziness, and general weakness. The mean value of the initial CO-hemoglobin level was 27.2±14.2% with a range of 7.2-45.7%. All the patients admitted survived after being given hyperbaric oxygen therapy and subsequently discharged from hospital. A total of 32 incidents that involved 71 victims were identified from the KGS. Of these victims, 24 were already dead at the scene, with an estimated case-fatality rate of 33.8%. Most incidents occurred while the victims were showering using a gas water heater installed in a bathroom with poor ventilation. @*Conclusion@#The present study showed that CO poisoning can occur even in a short time, such as taking a shower or shampooing hair, due to the use of a gas water heater installed in a closed space with poor ventilation. Also, it highlights the fact that the prehospital case-fatality rate of such CO poisoning is high.

8.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 518-525, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893467

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Emergency department (ED) overcrowding is a global trend that has negative impacts on the clinical outcomes, especially on critically ill patients. Reducing the portion of these critical patients by limiting the ED length of stay (LOS) to less than 6 hours has become one of the most crucial targets of government policy. This could be valuable for resolving overcrowding, but the clinical impacts and applicability had not been evaluated. @*Methods@#Consecutive emergency patients registered on the National Emergency Department Information System from January 2016 to December 2017 were analyzed. This study included critically ill patients who had a severe illness code, as defined by the government. The in-hospital mortality rate was compared by under or over six hours of ED LOS, in patients with a severe illness code, and intensive care unit (ICU) patients. @*Results@#Among 18,217,034 patients, 436,219 patients had a severe illness code. The ED LOS in the less than six hours group showed a higher in-hospital mortality rate than that of more than six-hours group (7.1% vs. 6.5%, respectively). When the rule for the severe illness code to ICU admission was changed, the in-hospital mortality rate showed a remarkable difference between the under and over six-hour group (12.8% vs. 15.0%, respectively). The proportion of critically ill patients admitted within six hours increased when the standard for outlier removal was set higher than the current. @*Conclusion@#A more suitable quality indicator or criterion for severe illness code is required for improving the clinical outcomes.

9.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 570-575, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893461

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed at evaluating the characteristics and outcomes of patients who were diagnosed with carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning after using a gas water heater and to describe similar CO poisoning incidents involving gas water heaters in Korea. @*Methods@#We reviewed gas water heater-related CO poisoning affected patients who visited our emergency department (ED) from January 1, 2008, to December 31, 2019, and the CO poisoning incidents due to gas water heaters reported by the Korea Gas Safety Corporation (KGS) from January 1, 2000, to December 31, 2019. @*Results@#During the study period, a total of eight patients visited our ED as a result of five incidents. All five incidents occurred while using a gas water heater in an enclosed space. Five patients were poisoned by CO while taking a shower, and the other three were poisoned by CO while washing their hair. Most patients complained of a transient loss of consciousness, headache, dizziness, and general weakness. The mean value of the initial CO-hemoglobin level was 27.2±14.2% with a range of 7.2-45.7%. All the patients admitted survived after being given hyperbaric oxygen therapy and subsequently discharged from hospital. A total of 32 incidents that involved 71 victims were identified from the KGS. Of these victims, 24 were already dead at the scene, with an estimated case-fatality rate of 33.8%. Most incidents occurred while the victims were showering using a gas water heater installed in a bathroom with poor ventilation. @*Conclusion@#The present study showed that CO poisoning can occur even in a short time, such as taking a shower or shampooing hair, due to the use of a gas water heater installed in a closed space with poor ventilation. Also, it highlights the fact that the prehospital case-fatality rate of such CO poisoning is high.

13.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 1002-1009, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187147

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of erythromycin infusion and gastric lavage in order to improve the quality of visualization during emergency upper endoscopy. METHODS: We performed a prospective randomized pilot study. Patients presented with hematemesis or melena within 12 hours and were randomly assigned to the erythromycin group (intravenous infusion of erythromycin), gastric lavage group (nasogastric tube placement with gastric lavage), or erythromycin + gastric lavage group (both erythromycin infusion and gastric lavage). The primary outcome was satisfactory visualization. Secondary outcomes included identification of a bleeding source, the success rate of hemostasis, duration of endoscopy, complications related to erythromycin infusion or gastric lavage, number of transfused blood units, rebleeding rate, and bleeding-related mortality. RESULTS: A total of 43 patients were randomly assigned: 14 patients in the erythromycin group; 15 patients in the gastric lavage group; and 14 patients in the erythromycin + gastric lavage group. Overall satisfactory visualization was achieved in 81% of patients: 92.8% in the erythromycin group; 60.0% in the gastric lavage group; and 92.9% in the erythromycin + gastric lavage group, respectively (p = 0.055). The identification of a bleeding source was possible in all cases. The success rate of hemostasis, duration of endoscopy, and number of transfused blood units did not significantly differ between groups. There were no complications. Rebleeding occurred in three patients (7.0%). Bleeding-related mortality was not reported. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous erythromycin infusion prior to emergency endoscopy for acute nonvariceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding seems to provide satisfactory endoscopic visualization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Emergencies , Endoscopy , Erythromycin , Gastric Lavage , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hematemesis , Hemorrhage , Hemostasis , Melena , Mortality , Pilot Projects , Prospective Studies
14.
Healthcare Informatics Research ; : 343-348, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195852

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: For earlier detection of infectious disease outbreaks, a digital syndromic surveillance system based on search queries or social media should be utilized. By using real-time data sources, a digital syndromic surveillance system can overcome the limitation of time-delay in traditional surveillance systems. Here, we introduce an approach to develop such a digital surveillance system. METHODS: We first explain how the statistics data of infectious diseases, such as influenza and Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) in Korea, can be collected for reference data. Then we also explain how search engine queries can be retrieved from Google Trends. Finally, we describe the implementation of the prediction model using lagged correlation, which can be calculated by the statistical packages, i.e., SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). RESULTS: Lag correlation analyses demonstrated that search engine data/Twitter have a significant temporal relationship with influenza and MERS data. Therefore, the proposed digital surveillance system can be used to predict infectious disease outbreaks earlier. CONCLUSIONS: This prediction method could be the core engine for implementing a (near-) real-time digital surveillance system. A digital surveillance system that uses Internet resources has enormous potential to monitor disease outbreaks in the early phase.


Subject(s)
Communicable Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , Disease Outbreaks , Influenza, Human , Information Storage and Retrieval , Internet , Korea , Methods , Search Engine , Social Media
15.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 208-213, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648819

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the emergency department (ED). Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a frequently used tool for the early triage of patients with low- to intermediate-risk acute chest pain. We present a study protocol for a multicenter prospective randomized controlled clinical trial testing the hypothesis that a low-dose CCTA protocol using prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggering and limited-scan range can provide sufficient diagnostic safety for early triage of patients with acute chest pain. METHODS: The trial will include 681 younger adult (aged 20 to 55) patients visiting EDs of three academic hospitals for acute chest pain or equivalent symptoms who require further evaluation to rule out acute coronary syndrome. Participants will be randomly allocated to either low-dose or conventional CCTA protocol at a 2:1 ratio. The low-dose group will undergo CCTA with prospective ECG-triggering and restricted scan range from sub-carina to heart base. The conventional protocol group will undergo CCTA with retrospective ECG-gating covering the entire chest. Patient disposition is determined based on computed tomography findings and clinical progression and all patients are followed for a month. The primary objective is to prove that the chance of experiencing any hard event within 30 days after a negative low-dose CCTA is less than 1%. The secondary objectives are comparisons of the amount of radiation exposure, ED length of stay and overall cost. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Our low-dose protocol is readily applicable to current multi-detector computed tomography devices. If this study proves its safety and efficacy, dose-reduction without purchasing of expensive newer devices would be possible.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Angiography , Chest Pain , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Heart , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies , Radiation Exposure , Retrospective Studies , Thorax , Triage
16.
Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine ; (4): 32-37, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the injury patterns in pediatric patients with an orbital wall fracture (OWF) and to identify the differences in injury patterns between preschool and school-aged patients with OWF who presented to the emergency department. METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study in the emergency department of a tertiary hospital between January 2004 and March 2014. A total of 177 pediatric patients (7 years) pediatric groups. RESULTS: The inferior wall was the most common fracture site in both the preschool and school-aged pediatric groups (50.0% vs. 64.4%, P=0.15). The male-to-female ratio and the mechanism of injury showed significant differences between the two age groups. Violence was the most common mechanism of injury in the school-aged pediatric group (49.3%), whereas falls from a height caused OWF in approximately half of the patients in the preschool pediatric group (42.9%). Concomitant injuries and facial fractures had a tendency to occur more frequently in the school-aged pediatric group. CONCLUSION: Significant differences according to the sex and mechanisms of injury were identified in preschool and school-aged pediatric patients with OWF.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Accidental Falls , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Facial Bones , Facial Injuries , Observational Study , Orbit , Orbital Fractures , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Violence
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 8-14, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98050

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a risk factor of pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE), however it is not clear who should be evaluated for a PTE and a DVT at the same time. The purpose of this study is to determine the clinical characteristics of PTE in patients with DVT who visited the emergency department (ED). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of ED patients who visited with DVT and were simultaneously evaluated for a PTE from January 2012 to December 2013. We compared clinical characteristics between non-PTE and PTE patients with confirmed DVT in the ED. RESULTS: Of these 166 patients, 96 patients (57.8%) were confirmed PTE by computed tomography. In multivariate analysis, patients with PTE had more systemic neoplasm (OR 2.03, 95% CI 1.04-3.93, p=0.037) and right heart strain pattern in electrocardiography (OR 5.29, 95% CI 1.71-16.36, p=0.004) than patients without PTE. Femoral DVT was more likely in the non-PTE group (87.1% vs. 65.6%, p=0.002) and popliteal DVT was more likely in the PTE group (62.9% vs. 80.2%, p=0.013). However the number of DVT sites including both femoral and popliteal vein was not statistically different. CONCLUSION: In patients with systemic neoplasm or right heart strain patterns in electrocardiography, simultaneous PTE evaluation may be required in patients with DVT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cohort Studies , Electrocardiography , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Heart , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Multivariate Analysis , Popliteal Vein , Pulmonary Embolism , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thromboembolism , Venous Thrombosis
18.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 15-21, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98049

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine the causes of Pleural effusion (PE) in cancer patients and to compare the clinical characteristics between malignant PE (MPE) and non-MPE. METHODS: All consecutive cancer patients with PE who underwent diagnostic thoracentesis from January 1, 2008 to March 31, 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: A total of 719 patients were included; mean age was 58.4+/-13.6 years and 44.5% were female. The most common cause of PE was MPE (57.7%), followed by parapneumonic or empyema in 16.3%. However, the etiology was significantly different according to primary tumor origin and subtypes of lung cancer. While MPE was most common in lung, breast, and gynecologic cancer, hepatic hydrothorax was the main cause in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MPE accounted for 85.2% in adenocarcinoma, and 30.2% and 58.8% in squamous cell and small cell carcinomas, respectively. Patients with MPE were younger (57.0 vs. 60.2 years) and female-dominant (55.4% vs. 29.6%) compared to those with non-MPE. MPE had the large size (53.5% vs. 34.9%) and left location of PE (31.3% vs. 19.4%) more frequently than non-MPE, and fewer neutrophils (15.4% vs. 30.6%) and more lymphocytes (32.2% vs. 28.2%), higher levels of pH (7.33 vs. 7.29), and lower levels of glucose (111.5 vs. 129.7 mg/dL) than non-MPE (p<0.001 for all). CONCLUSION: Overall, MPE was the most common cause of PE in cancer patients. However the etiology of PE was significantly different according to primary tumor origin and subtypes of lung cancer. A difference in age, gender, size and location of PE, cell count, pH, and glucose was observed between MPE and non-MPE.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Breast , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Cell Count , Empyema , Glucose , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hydrothorax , Liver Neoplasms , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Pleural Effusion , Retrospective Studies
19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 30-35, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98047

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) concomitant with acute aortic syndrome (AAS) is rare but prompt recognition of concomitant AAS is critical, particularly in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) because misdiagnosis with early thrombolytic or anticoagulant treatment may result in catastrophic consequences. This study examined the clinical features of patients of STEMI concomitant with AAS that may be a diagnostic clue. METHODS: Between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014, 22 patients who had the initial diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (AMI and unstable angina) and AAS (aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and ruptured thoracic aneurysm) in our emergency department were reviewed. Among them, 10 patients who were transferred from other hospitals and 4 patients with non-STEMI were excluded, leaving 8 patients of STEMI concomitant with AAS for analysis. RESULTS: The mean age of study patients was 57.5+/-16.31 years and five patients were Stanford type A and three patients were type B aortic dissection. Six patients had ST-segment elevation in anterior leads and 2 patients in inferior leads. Most patients had acute onset and severe chest pain, but none had dissecting nature chest pain. Serum troponin I was elevated in three patients but all patients had Ddimer elevation. Aortic regurgitation or regional wall motion abnormality was detected in four patients, and widened mediastinum was observed in all study patients. CONCLUSION: Concomitant AAS might be suspected in patients with STEMI who have elevated D-dimer and widened mediastinum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute Coronary Syndrome , Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Chest Pain , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Errors , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hematoma , Mediastinum , Myocardial Infarction , Troponin I
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 16-21, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-30655

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the ability of Glasgow-Blatchford score (GBS) and pre-endoscopic Rockall score (pre-E RS) to predict the occurrence of hypotension in patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding who are initially normotensive at emergency department. METHODS: Retrospective observational study was conducted at Asan Medical Center emergency department (ED) in patients who presented with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2013. Study population was divided according to the development of hypotension, and demographics, comorbidities, and laboratory findings were compared. GBS and pre-E RS were estimated to predict the occurrence of hypotension. RESULTS: A total of 747 patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding were included during the study period, and 120 (16.1%) patients developed hypotesion within 24 hours after ED admission. The median values GBS and pre-E RS were statistically different according to the occurrence of hypotension (8.0 vs. 10.0, 2.0 vs. 3.0, respectively; p<0.001). In the receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of hypotension development, the area under the curve of GBS and pre-E RS were 66% and 64%, respectively. The sensitivity and the specificity of GBS using optimal cut-off value were 81% and 46%, respectively, while those based on the pre-E RS were 74% and 46%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: GBS and pre-E RS were both not sufficient for predicting the occurrence of hypotension in non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Development of other scoring systems are needed.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Area Under Curve , Demography , Emergency Service, Hospital , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/complications , Hypotension/epidemiology , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Upper Gastrointestinal Tract
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL