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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 105-109, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925454

ABSTRACT

Background@#In South Korea, there have been few nationwide epidemiologic studies about premalignant actinic keratosis (AK), squamous cell carcinoma in situ (Bowen’s disease), nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC), malignant melanoma of the skin (MM), Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS), connective and soft tissue cancers, or mycosis fungoides (MF). @*Objective@#Using a nationwide population-based study, we attempted to measure the incidence and the prevalence of the above-mentioned tumors in South Korea. @*Methods@#The database we used included all claims in the Korean National Health Insurance program and the Korean Medical Aid program from 2008 to 2016. The International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) was used to record diagnoses in this database. This data included AK, Bowen’s disease, NMSC, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, and MF. @*Results@#The age-standardized incidence and prevalence rate of AK, Bowen’s disease, NMSC, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, as well as MF increased during the periods we investigated. The incidence and prevalence rate of AK and NMSC have increased two- to three-fold. In the case of Bowen’s disease, MM, KS, connective and soft tissue cancers, or MF, we observed no significant tendency in age-standardized incidence or prevalence. @*Conclusion@#We confirmed that the age-standardized incidence and prevalence rates of NMSC and AK tended to increase. These results might contribute to developing preventive and therapeutic strategies for skin cancers and may become a source for further studies.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902015

ABSTRACT

Background@#Programmed death 1 inhibitors enhance pre-existing immune responses by directly blocking anti-programmed cell death receptor-1. They have been widely used these days, but little is known about the dermatologic side effects and the factors affecting the response to therapy. @*Objective@#To determine the association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic response to programmed death 1 inhibitors and to investigate the factors affecting the response to programmed death 1 inhibitors. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with melanoma who were referred to the dermatology department for their newly arising skin lesions after treatment with pembrolizumab and nivolumab from January 1, 2015, to April 30, 2019. The oncologic outcomes of the patients were determined by medical records from the hemato-oncology department. Sex, stage, dermatologic side effects, and age at the time of initial diagnosis were analyzed as the factors affecting oncologic outcomes. Progression-free survival was analyzed between the patients with and those without dermatologic side effects. @*Results@#Of the 177 patients screened for the study, 14 were referred to the dermatology department for cutaneous side effects. There was no difference between the dermatologic side effect group and the non-dermatologic side effect group in terms of oncologic outcome and progression-free survival. Sex and stage significantly increased the risk of disease progression with pembrolizumab treatment. @*Conclusion@#Although it has been reported that there could be a strong association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic outcomes, we were not able to reach the same conclusion among melanoma patients.

3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 278-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896801

ABSTRACT

A capillary hemangioma is a vascular tumor with small capillary sized vascular channel. Multiple capillary hemangioma in relation with drugs have been rarely reported. Here in, we report a case of multiple capillary hemangioma in patient diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia who received tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Histopathological findings have shown capillary proliferation in the upper dermis, which is consistent with capillary hemangioma. Since TKIs can paradoxically activate the MEK/ERK pathway which is required for angiogenesis, we presumed that the lesions as the cutaneous side effects of TKIs.

4.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 333-338, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896788

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a highly pruritic disease that significantly impairs patient quality of life. Although the mechanism that causes pruritus is not clear, one hypothesis argues that neural hyperplasia, mast cell, and Merkel cell neurite complexes may be associated with PN pathogenesis. @*Objective@#The objective of this study was to analyze whether special staining outcomes differed depending on the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and treatment response. @*Methods@#A total of 209 patients diagnosed with PN was analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or past history of AD and by treatment response. Histopathologic features were obtained using the following stains: Giemsa, S-100, neuron-specific enolase, cytokeratin (CK)-20, CAM5.2, and CK8/CK18. @*Results@#A total of 126 patients (60.29%) had AD, and 68 (32.54%) showed clinical improvement. There were no statistically significant differences in the staining results between the PN groups with AD (PN c̅ AD) and without AD (PN s̅ AD). Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in staining results between the improved and non-im-proved groups. @*Conclusion@#Implementing the special stains helped to identify PN pathogenesis. Because there were no statistically significant differences in the special stain results between the improved and non-improved groups, we conclude that mast cell proliferation, neural hyperplasia, and Merkel cell hyperplasia may not have a significant effect on treatment response.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894311

ABSTRACT

Background@#Programmed death 1 inhibitors enhance pre-existing immune responses by directly blocking anti-programmed cell death receptor-1. They have been widely used these days, but little is known about the dermatologic side effects and the factors affecting the response to therapy. @*Objective@#To determine the association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic response to programmed death 1 inhibitors and to investigate the factors affecting the response to programmed death 1 inhibitors. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the records of patients with melanoma who were referred to the dermatology department for their newly arising skin lesions after treatment with pembrolizumab and nivolumab from January 1, 2015, to April 30, 2019. The oncologic outcomes of the patients were determined by medical records from the hemato-oncology department. Sex, stage, dermatologic side effects, and age at the time of initial diagnosis were analyzed as the factors affecting oncologic outcomes. Progression-free survival was analyzed between the patients with and those without dermatologic side effects. @*Results@#Of the 177 patients screened for the study, 14 were referred to the dermatology department for cutaneous side effects. There was no difference between the dermatologic side effect group and the non-dermatologic side effect group in terms of oncologic outcome and progression-free survival. Sex and stage significantly increased the risk of disease progression with pembrolizumab treatment. @*Conclusion@#Although it has been reported that there could be a strong association between dermatologic side effects and oncologic outcomes, we were not able to reach the same conclusion among melanoma patients.

6.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 278-280, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889097

ABSTRACT

A capillary hemangioma is a vascular tumor with small capillary sized vascular channel. Multiple capillary hemangioma in relation with drugs have been rarely reported. Here in, we report a case of multiple capillary hemangioma in patient diagnosed with chronic myeloid leukemia who received tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Histopathological findings have shown capillary proliferation in the upper dermis, which is consistent with capillary hemangioma. Since TKIs can paradoxically activate the MEK/ERK pathway which is required for angiogenesis, we presumed that the lesions as the cutaneous side effects of TKIs.

7.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 333-338, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889084

ABSTRACT

Background@#Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a highly pruritic disease that significantly impairs patient quality of life. Although the mechanism that causes pruritus is not clear, one hypothesis argues that neural hyperplasia, mast cell, and Merkel cell neurite complexes may be associated with PN pathogenesis. @*Objective@#The objective of this study was to analyze whether special staining outcomes differed depending on the presence of atopic dermatitis (AD) and treatment response. @*Methods@#A total of 209 patients diagnosed with PN was analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or past history of AD and by treatment response. Histopathologic features were obtained using the following stains: Giemsa, S-100, neuron-specific enolase, cytokeratin (CK)-20, CAM5.2, and CK8/CK18. @*Results@#A total of 126 patients (60.29%) had AD, and 68 (32.54%) showed clinical improvement. There were no statistically significant differences in the staining results between the PN groups with AD (PN c̅ AD) and without AD (PN s̅ AD). Additionally, there were no statistically significant differences in staining results between the improved and non-im-proved groups. @*Conclusion@#Implementing the special stains helped to identify PN pathogenesis. Because there were no statistically significant differences in the special stain results between the improved and non-improved groups, we conclude that mast cell proliferation, neural hyperplasia, and Merkel cell hyperplasia may not have a significant effect on treatment response.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832769

ABSTRACT

Background@#Merkel cell carcinoma is an uncommon primary cutaneous neuroendocrine cancer. It is a highly aggressive cancer with high rates of local recurrence and nodal metastasis. While there are some case reports on Korean patients with Merkel cell carcinoma, there has been no comparison study between Western patients and Korean patients regarding its clinical features. @*Objective@#This study aimed to identify the clinical features of Merkel cell carcinoma in Korean patients and compare them with those seen in Western studies. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who were diagnosed with Merkel cell carcinoma between January 1995 and May 2019. Clinical features were compared with those seen in Western studies. @*Results@#Thirty-one patients were enrolled in the analysis. The mean age of onset was 67.6 years, and there were more female patients (1:1.58). The head and neck was the most common primary site (38.7%, 12/31). Patients treated by surgical methods alone were the most common (58.1%, 18/31). Twelve patients (38.7%) had recurrence, and seven patients (22.6%) died of Merkel cell carcinoma. Patients younger than 70 years were more frequent in Korea than in Western countries (Fishers exact test, p<0.05). In addition, patients with distant metastasis were less frequent in Korea than in Western countries (Fishers exact test, p<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Compared with Western studies, there were no differences between demographic and clinical features, except that older patients and patients with distant metastasis were less frequent in Korea.

10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832725

ABSTRACT

Keratoacanthomas (KAs) are epithelial skin tumors characterized by rapid growth and spontaneous regression, with histopathologic features similar to those of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). KA arising after the use of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (PD1) and anti-transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) antibody have been reported. The patient in the present case was administered a new anti-cancer drug under clinical trial, which comprised anti-PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1) and anti-TGF-β antibodies. Nine months after the drug was used, a hyperkeratotic nodular lesion appeared on the patient's left arm. As a result of histopathologic examination by excision of the corresponding lesion, it was diagnosed as KA.

11.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 512-515, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831426

ABSTRACT

Epidermolytic acanthoma (EA) is a rare benign tumor, which usually appears as a solitary small papule. However, there are a few case reports of multiple EA, most of which occurs on the genital area. Cases of multiple EA may mimic verruca vulgaris, condyloma accuminatum, seborrheic keratosis, and bowenoid papulosis, and therefore, can be easily misdiagnosed. A 78-year-old male presented with a 2-week history of discrete, small skin-colored papules around the anus. The other case involved a 47-year-old male with a 5-year history of skin-colored papules on the scrotum. Skin biopsy of both cases revealed a well-demarcated papular lesion characterized by compact hyperkeratosis, perinuclear vacuolization, and reticular degeneration in the granular and upper spinous layer with coarse basophilic keratohyalin granules. Epidermal invagination was consistent with a cup-shaped type of EA. Both cases tested negative for human papillomavirus. We report typical cases of multiple EA, which should be considered as the differential diagnosis of small skin-colored papules in the anogenital area, to prevent the misdiagnosis.

12.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 164-167, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811079

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced vasculitis is an inflammation of small-sized blood vessel caused by the use of drugs. It accounts for approximately 10% of acute cutaneous vasculitis. Propylthiouracil, hydralazine, and allopurinol have been widely known as causative agents. The most common clinical feature of drug-induced vasculitis is palpable purpura on lower extremities. A 66-year-old Korean female presented with erythematous nodules on upper chest and back. She had been on medication for multiple myeloma. Laboratory results showed neutropenia. After a single injection of filgrastim (recombinant granulocyte colony-stimulating factor), she developed cutaneous lesions with concurrent increase in absolute neutrophil count. A skin biopsy revealed leukocytoclastic vasculitis. After discontinuation of filgrastim injection, her skin lesions disappeared spontaneously.


Subject(s)
Aged , Allopurinol , Biopsy , Blood Vessels , Female , Filgrastim , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Granulocytes , Humans , Hydralazine , Inflammation , Lower Extremity , Multiple Myeloma , Neutropenia , Neutrophils , Propylthiouracil , Purpura , Skin , Thorax , Vasculitis , Vasculitis, Leukocytoclastic, Cutaneous
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