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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900699

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study identified the association between excessive exposure to screen media and behavioral and emotional problems in elementary school students. @*Methods@#A total of 331 parents of children aged 7–10 years were recruited from “The Kids Cohort for Understanding of Internet Addiction Risk Factors in Early Childhood (K-CURE)” study. Children’s demographics, household media ownership, screen time, and behavioral/emotional problems were assessed using a parental questionnaire. Children’s behavior/emotional problems were measured using the Korean version the of Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL) score. @*Results@#The total K-CBCL score in the screen overuse group was 51.18±9.55, significantly higher than 47.28±10.09 in the control group (t=2.14, p=0.05). For each subscale, the externalization score (51.65±10.14, 48.33±8.97, respectively; t=2.02, p<0.05), social problem score (55.41±6.11, 53.24±5.19, respectively; t=2.27, p<0.05), and rule breaking behavior score (55.71±6.11, 53.24±5.19, respectively; t=2.27, p<0.05) were significantly higher in the screen overuse group than in the control group. In addition, the screen overuse group also had a significantly higher usage rate than the control group, even if limited to smartphones, not only on weekdays (3.56±2.08, 1.87±2.02, respectively; t=-4.597, p<0.001) but also weekends (1.62±0.74, 1.19±0.83, respectively; t=-3.14, p=0.003). @*Conclusion@#The study suggested that screen media overuse patterns in children in Korea are particularly relevant to the excessive use of smartphones and are related to higher risks of emotional and behavioral problems.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892995

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study identified the association between excessive exposure to screen media and behavioral and emotional problems in elementary school students. @*Methods@#A total of 331 parents of children aged 7–10 years were recruited from “The Kids Cohort for Understanding of Internet Addiction Risk Factors in Early Childhood (K-CURE)” study. Children’s demographics, household media ownership, screen time, and behavioral/emotional problems were assessed using a parental questionnaire. Children’s behavior/emotional problems were measured using the Korean version the of Child Behavior Checklist (K-CBCL) score. @*Results@#The total K-CBCL score in the screen overuse group was 51.18±9.55, significantly higher than 47.28±10.09 in the control group (t=2.14, p=0.05). For each subscale, the externalization score (51.65±10.14, 48.33±8.97, respectively; t=2.02, p<0.05), social problem score (55.41±6.11, 53.24±5.19, respectively; t=2.27, p<0.05), and rule breaking behavior score (55.71±6.11, 53.24±5.19, respectively; t=2.27, p<0.05) were significantly higher in the screen overuse group than in the control group. In addition, the screen overuse group also had a significantly higher usage rate than the control group, even if limited to smartphones, not only on weekdays (3.56±2.08, 1.87±2.02, respectively; t=-4.597, p<0.001) but also weekends (1.62±0.74, 1.19±0.83, respectively; t=-3.14, p=0.003). @*Conclusion@#The study suggested that screen media overuse patterns in children in Korea are particularly relevant to the excessive use of smartphones and are related to higher risks of emotional and behavioral problems.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915714

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) on the progression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in postmenopausal women. @*Materials and Methods@#We included 515 women who received MHT for 12 months. Changes in NAFLD was evaluated by ultrasonography (progressiono progression) were compared before and after 12 months of MHT based on the route of estrogen administration (transdermal/oral). In addition, changes in NAFLD according to estrogen dose and type of progestogen were evaluated. @*Results@#Baseline characteristics did not differ between patients who received transdermal (n=82) vs. oral (n=433) MHT. After 12 months of transdermal MHT, the prevalence of NAFLD decreased from 23.2% to 18.3% and the progression of NAFLD was observed in 3.7% patients, but this was not significantly different from those taking oral MHT. NAFLD progression was more common in women who had NAFLD at baseline and who received on oral MHT regimen compared to transdermal regimen (12.4% vs. 5.3%), however, differences were not statistically significant. In the oral MHT group, progression of NAFLD was significantly more common in standard-dose than low-dose (P=0.039). There was no significant difference in NAFLD progression according to the type of progestogen in patients using standard dose of estrogen. @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that the route of estrogen administration and oral dose of estrogen might affect progression of NAFLD in women with NAFLD at baseline.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837177

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Sleep disturbance in the elderly is associated with cognitive decline. Sleep quality is known to deteriorate with age, and prospective studies seldom have examined the relationship between sleep quality and cognitive function. This study investigates the relationship between early sleep quality and cognitive function based on six-year follow-up data of community individuals older than 60 years. @*Methods@#The participants included 622 community elderly people older than 60 years from Jinju-Si. The final analysis comprised 322 elderly people. Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) and the Korean version of Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease (CERAD-K) were used to assess early sleep quality and cognitive function after six years. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to investigate the association between early sleep quality and cognitive function in the elderly. @*Results@#Early sleep quality (PSQI) was significantly associated with the results of the digit span test, clock drawing test (clox 1), and word recall test after six years. Sleep quality (PSQI) decreased significantly after six years, and lower quality of sleep (PSQI) score was associated with higher digit span test score (β = -0.167, p = 0.026) and higher clock drawing test score (β = -0.157, p = 0.031). Lower quality of sleep (PSQI) score was associated with higher word recall test (β = -0.140, p = 0.039). @*Conclusion@#The digit span test, word recall test, and clock drawing task (CLOX 1) shown to be significantly associated to sleep quality can be performed fast and easily in clinical practice. It is important to assess early cognitive function in the elderly with poor sleep quality, and further studies could suggest that these tests may be useful screening tests for early dementia in elderly with poor sleep quality.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836124

ABSTRACT

Although estrogen-progestin therapy has traditionally been standard care for postmenopausal women with an intact uterus experiencing bothersome menopausal symptoms, concerns about side effects related to menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) have led to a dramatic decrease in MHT use over recent decades. As many MHT side effects are now believed to be associated with the progestin component of MHT, efforts have been made to develop a progestin-free alternative to conventional MHT. Recently, a tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC), a combination of conjugated estrogen and bazedoxifene, was developed as a progestin-free MHT and is now approved and used worldwide for the relief of vasomotor symptoms and the prevention of bone loss in postmenopausal women. Replacement of synthetic progestin with bazedoxifene could allow more favorable safety profiles, such as those for pain or tenderness, mammographic density, and cancer incidence, for the breast. This review examined the effects of the TSEC on breasts and demonstrated evidence from preclinical and clinical studies supporting TSEC use in clinical practice.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836116

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#When administered soon after menopause, hormone therapy can prevent coronary heart diseases in women. To explore the mechanism underlying the cardioprotective actions of estrogen, we investigated the effects of 17β-estradiol (17β-E2) on the plasminogen activator system using cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). @*Methods@#VSMCs were isolated from rat aortas. Protein expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) and tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) were evaluated using Western blotting and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, respectively. The enzyme activity of PAI-1 in a conditioned medium was assessed via reverse fibrin overlay zymography and that of t-PA was assessed via fibrin overlay zymography. Gene expression was quantified using real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. @*Results@#Following pre-treatment for 24 hours, 17β-E2 suppressed both protein expression and enzyme activity of PAI-1 stimulated by lysophosphatidylcholine (lysoPC) in a significant and dose-dependent manner at a near physiological concentration. Moreover, 17β-E2 (10−7 M) inhibited PAI-1 gene expression, and ICI 182,780—a specific estrogen receptor antagonist—blocked the effects of 17β-E2 on the PAI-1 protein. 17β-E2 did not affect t-PA secretion but significantly enhanced free t-PA activity through reduced binding to PAI-1. Furthermore, 17β-E2 suppressed intracellular reactive oxygen species production and nuclear factor-κB-mediated transcription. @*Conclusions@#In VSMCs stimulated with lysoPC, 17β-E2 reduced PAI-1 expression through a non-receptor-mediated mechanism via antioxidant activity as well as a receptor-mediated mechanism; however, it did not alter t-PA secretion. Of note, 17β-E2 suppressed PAI- 1 activity and concurrently enhanced t-PA activity, suggesting a beneficial influence on fibrinolysis.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 868-874, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833396

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of a newly developed thermo-responsive sol-gel, ABT13107, for reducing the formation of intrauterine adhesions (IUAs) after hysteroscopic surgery. @*Materials and Methods@#In this multicenter, prospective, randomized trial (Canadian Task Force classification I), 192 women scheduled to undergo a hysteroscopic surgery at one of the eight university hospitals in South Korea were randomized into the ABT13107 group or the comparator (Hyalobarrier ® ) group in a 1:1 ratio. During hysteroscopic surgery, ABT13107 or Hyalobarrier® was injected to sufficiently cover the entire intrauterine cavity. @*Results@#The patients returned to their respective sites for safety assessments at postoperative weeks 1 and 4 and for efficacy assessments at postoperative week 4. The post-surgery incidence of IUAs was 23.4% in the ABT13107 group and 25.8% in the comparator group; this difference met the criteria for ABT13107 to be considered as not inferior to the comparator. No differences were found in the extent of adhesions, types of adhesions, or the cumulative American Fertility Society score between the two treatment groups. Most adverse events were mild in severity, and no serious adverse events occurred. @*Conclusion@#ABT13107, a new anti-adhesive barrier containing hyaluronic acid, was not inferior to the highly viscous hyaluronic acid anti-adhesive barrier, Hyalurobarrier® in IUA formation after hysteroscopic surgery (Clinical trial registration No. NCT 04007211).

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765103

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Children today are exposed to various media devices, and their usage of these is increasing. Prior studies have outlined forms of harm this can potentially cause. However, there has been little empirical research on the use of media devices among preschool children in Asia. The aim of this study was to examine and analyze longitudinal trends in media device use among Korean preschool children, focusing on the frequency of engagement, time spent with, and ownership of media devices, delineated by sex. METHODS: Four hundred parents of children aged 2–5 years were invited to enroll. The baseline assessment, Wave 1, was conducted between December 2015 and June 2016, and follow-up assessments, Wave 2 and Wave 3, were conducted annually for the following 2 years. Time of media use, frequency of media use, and ownership of media devices (TV, tablet PCs, and smartphones) were investigated. RESULTS: Ownership of tablet PCs increased significantly between Wave 1 and Wave 3 for boys and girls (corrected P < 0.001). Frequency of media use increased significantly between Wave 1 and Wave 3 only in boys' use of tablet PCs (mean difference 0.8 day/wk). Time of media use increased significantly between Wave 1 and Wave 3 for both sexes in all devices, measured by mean difference on weekdays and weekends (TV by 0.6 and 0.7 hr/day, tablet PCs by 0.6 and 0.8 hr/day, and smartphones by 0.4 and 0.4 hr/day). Children spent more time using media devices during weekends than on weekdays. CONCLUSION: This study observed an increase in the tendency of media device use among preschool children in Korea. The patterns of use indicate that paying attention to the types of devices children use is needed, as well as vigilance on weekends.


Subject(s)
Asia , Child , Child, Preschool , Empirical Research , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Ownership , Parents , Smartphone
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787534

ABSTRACT

Lemierre's syndrome is rare disease characterized by anaerobic sepsis, internal jugular vein thrombosis, septic emboli that resulted from head and neck infection. Lemierre's syndrome has significant morbidity, so immediate, accurate diagnosis and treatment is needed. It is necessary to perform contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) for diagnosis. Systemic antibiotics is recommended, and surgical interventions, anticoagulation may beis considered for treatment. We report misdiagnosed case as a simple deep neck infection on initial ultrasonography with simultaneous abscess aspiration but finally diagnosed and treated internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis (Lemierre's syndrome) on CT scan.We report a case of a 45-year-old patient, who was diagnosed with a simple deep neck infection and treated with simultaneous abscess aspiration, but finally diagnosed and treated internal jugular vein thrombophlebitis (Lemierre's syndrome) on CT scan.


Subject(s)
Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Diagnosis , Head , Humans , Jugular Veins , Lemierre Syndrome , Middle Aged , Neck , Rare Diseases , Sepsis , Thrombophlebitis , Thrombosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ultrasonography
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786481

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic value of the relative filtration fraction (RFF) assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (⁹⁹mTc-DTPA) renal scintigraphy after angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition for renovascular hypertension (RVHT) diagnosis.METHODS: ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA captopril renal scintigraphy performed in adolescents or adults (≥ 10 years) with suspected RVHT was retrospectively reviewed. The RFF of the affected kidney was qualitatively assessed as the relative glomerular filtration rate during the 2 to 3-min period compared with the relative perfusion during the first 60 s (qualitative RFF) and scored from 1 (definitely same) to 5 (definitely decreased). The quantitative RFF of the affected kidney was obtained by dividing the percentage of glomerular filtration rate by the percentage of renal perfusion.RESULTS: Overall, 173 patients (high probability, n = 15; and low probability, n = 158) were included based on conventional captopril renal scintigraphic criteria. An abnormal qualitative RFF was observed in 12 patients with high probability, and the diagnostic sensitivity was 80.0% (95% CI, 51.9–95.7). The RFF was normal in 152 patients with low probability, and the diagnostic specificity was 96.2% (95% CI, 91.9–98.6). The RFF was lower in patients with high probability than in those with low probability (0.79 ± 0.15 vs. 1.02 ± 0.11, P < 0.0001).CONCLUSIONS: The RFF assessed by dynamic ⁹⁹mTc-DTPA renal scintigraphy after ACE inhibition can detect patients with high probability for RVHT. The RFF after ACE inhibition might be a useful diagnostic criterion especially when baseline scintigraphy is not available for evaluating ACE inhibition-induced changes.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Captopril , Diagnosis , Filtration , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Hypertension, Renovascular , Kidney , Perfusion , Radionuclide Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717542

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Sand blasted titanium (Ti) is commonly used in designing endosseous dental implants due to its biocompatibility and ability to form bonds with bone tissues. However, titanium implants do not induce strong interactions with teeth bones. To increase strong interactions between Ti disk implants and teeth bones, the L-glutamic acid grafted hydroxyapatite nanorods (nHA) were immobilized on albumin modified Ti disk implants (Ti-Alb). METHODS: For modification of Ti disk implants by nHA, the L-glutamic acid grafted nHA was synthesized and then immobilized on albumin modified Ti disk implants. Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscope; energy dispersive spectroscopy and confocal laser scanning microscopy were used to confirm the modification of Ti disk implants. The bioactivity of nHA-modified Ti disk implants was evaluated by seeding MC3T3-E1 cells on Ti-nHA implants. RESULTS: Characterization techniques have confirmed the successful modification of Ti disk implants by L-glutamic acid grafted nHA. The nHA-modified Ti disk implants have shown enhanced adhesion, proliferation and cytotoxicity of MC3T3-E1 cells in comparison to pristine Ti implants. CONCLUSION: The modification of Ti implants by L-glutamic acid grafted nHA has produced highly osteogenic Ti disk plants in comparison to pristine Ti disk implants due to the formation of bioactive surfaces by hydroxyapatite nano rods on Ti disk implants. Ti-nHA disk implants showed enhanced adhesion, proliferation, and MC3T3-E1 cells viability in comparison to pristine Ti disk implants. Thus nHA might be to be useful to enhance the osseointegration of Ti implants with teeth bones.


Subject(s)
Bone and Bones , Dental Implants , Durapatite , Fourier Analysis , Glutamic Acid , Microscopy, Confocal , Nanotubes , Osseointegration , Photoelectron Spectroscopy , Spectrum Analysis , Titanium , Tooth , Transplants
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716667

ABSTRACT

Endometriosis is one of the most common diseases in reproductive ages, and it affects patients' quality of life and fertility. However, few Korean guidelines are available for the evaluation and management of endometriosis. Korean Society of Endometriosis reviewed various literatures and trials, and to provide seventy-one evidence-based recommendations. This review presents guidelines for the diagnosis and management of endometriosis with emphasis on: it's role in infertility, treatment of recurrence, asymptomatic women, endometriosis in adolescents and menopausal women, and possible association of endometriosis with cancer.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Diagnosis , Dysmenorrhea , Endometriosis , Female , Fertility , Humans , Infertility , Pelvic Pain , Quality of Life , Recurrence
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182393

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the effects of combination treatment with alendronate (ALEN) and hormone therapy (HT) on bone mineral density (BMD) in postmenopausal Korean women. This multicenter, randomized, controlled clinical trial enrolled 344 postmenopausal women with low BMD. The women received HT (0.625 mg/day of conjugated equine estrogen and 2.5 mg/day of medroxyprogesterone acetate) alone or in combination with ALEN (10 mg/day) for 1 year. Changes in BMD and biochemical markers of bone turnover were evaluated. Data from 203 women (HT alone, 99; combination treatment, 104) who completed this study were analyzed. BMD at the lumbar spine and total hip increased significantly in both treatment groups after 1 year. There were no significant differences between HT alone vs. the combination of ALEN and HT in mean BMD increase at the lumbar spine (6.9% vs. 7.9%) and total hip (3.7% vs. 3.8%). Combined therapy suppressed serum osteocalcin and urinary deoxypyridinoline to a greater extent than HT alone. In conclusion, compared to HT alone, combination treatment with ALEN and HT for 1 year did not offer a benefit in BMD in postmenopausal Korean women with low BMD.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Biomarkers , Bone Density , Bone Remodeling , Estrogens , Female , Hip , Humans , Medroxyprogesterone , Osteocalcin , Osteoporosis , Spine
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226728

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing worldwide. Patients with T2D suffer from various diabetes-related complications. Since there are many patients with T2D that cannot be controlled by previously developed drugs, it has been necessary to develop new drugs, one of which is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) based therapy. GLP-1 has been shown to ameliorate diabetes-related conditions by augmenting pancreatic β-cell insulin secretion and having the low risk of causing hypoglycemia. Because of a very short half-life of GLP-1, many researches have been focused on the development of GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists with long half-lives such as exenatide and dulaglutide. Now GLP-1R agonists have a variety of dosing-cycle forms to meet the needs of various patients. In this article, we review the physiological features of GLP-1, the effects of GLP-1 on T2D, the features of several GLP-1R agonists, and the therapeutic effect on T2D.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Complications , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1 , Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor , Half-Life , Humans , Hypoglycemia , Insulin , Prevalence
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226346

ABSTRACT

Although the survival rate of hematologic malignancies in young patients is very high, cytotoxic therapies such as chemotherapy and total body irradiation therapy can significantly reduce a patient's reproductive capacity and cause irreversible infertility. Early ovarian failure also commonly occurs following additional cancer treatment, bone marrow transplantation, or autologous transplantation. Because the risk of early ovarian failure depends on the patient's circumstances, patients with a hematologic malignancy must consult health professionals regarding fertility preservation before undergoing treatments that can potentially damage their ovaries. While it is widely known that early menopause commonly occurs following breast cancer treatment, there is a lack of reliable study results regarding fertility preservation during hematologic malignancy treatment. Therefore, an in-depth discussion between patients and health professionals about the pros and cons of the various options for fertility preservation is necessary. In this study, we review germ cell toxicity, which occurs during the treatment of hematologic malignancies, and propose guidelines for fertility preservation in younger patients with hematologic malignancies.


Subject(s)
Autografts , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Female , Fertility Preservation , Fertility , Germ Cells , Health Occupations , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Infertility , Menopause , Ovary , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Autologous , Whole-Body Irradiation
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100498

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was aimed to evaluate the recent trends in contraceptive use among Korean adolescents. METHODS: Data reviewed were from the 2013–2015 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which is a stratified, multistage-sampling designed online-based research project performed annually by the Korean government to ensure a nationally representative sample of Korean adolescence. Eight questions related to the topic of contraception were reviewed for the outcome variables. RESULTS: A total of 212,538 adolescents attending middle school and high school participated in the survey, and 8,755 students among them who were sexually active were included in the study. The percentage of contraceptive use showed a steady increase from 39% in 2013 to 48.7% in 2015; however, the proportion of adolescents who have never used any kind of contraception still remains high. Highly effective methods such as oral contraceptives and intrauterine devices were used by only 10% to 15% of sexually active adolescents. CONCLUSION: The present study demonstrates the status of contraceptive use among Korean adolescents. Our data have the potential to help healthcare providers to formulate policies and develop interventions for encouraging effective contraceptive use among sexually active Korean adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Contraception , Contraceptives, Oral , Health Personnel , Humans , Intrauterine Devices , Korea , Risk-Taking
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-180146

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of different add-back regimens on hypoestrogenic symptoms during postoperative gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist treatment in endometriosis patients. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included reproductive-aged women who underwent conservative laparoscopic surgery for ovarian endometriosis and received add-back therapy during a 6-month course of GnRH agonist therapy after surgery. Participants received one of four different add-back regimens: 1 mg of estradiol valerate, 2.5 mg of tibolone, or a combination of 1 mg of estradiol and 2 mg of drospirenone or 0.5 mg of norethisterone acetate. Changes in quality of life, hypoestrogenic symptoms, and bone mineral density were compared according to add-back regimens. RESULTS: A total of 57 participants completed a 6-month course of GnRH agonist and add-back therapy. All components of quality of life did not differ across groups. However, within the same treatment group, social relationship factors decreased significantly with estradiol valerate and tibolone alone, and environmental factors decreased significantly with estradiol valerate alone. Menopausal Rating Scale score did not change significantly, but the incidence of hot flushes significantly decreased with a combination of estradiol and norethisterone acetate. Bone mineral densities at the lumbar spine declined significantly after treatment in all groups except with a combination of estradiol and norethisterone acetate. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study suggests that an add-back regimen containing estradiol valerate and norethisterone acetate may have better efficacy in terms of quality of life, hypoestrogenism-associated symptoms, and bone mineral density.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Cohort Studies , Endometriosis , Estradiol , Female , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Incidence , Laparoscopy , Norethindrone , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Spine
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225580

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the efficacy of a stepwise regimen of estradiol valerate for height control in girls with Marfan syndrome. Eight girls with Marfan syndrome who had completed estrogen treatment for height control were included. Estradiol valerate was started at a dose of 2 mg/day, and then was increased. The projected final height was estimated using the initial height percentile (on a disease-specific growth curve for Korean Marfan syndrome [gcPFHt]), and the initial bone age (baPFHt). After the estrogen treatment, the projected final height was compared to the actual final height (FHt). The median baseline chronological and bone age were 10.0 and 10.5 years, respectively. After a median of 36.5 months of treatment, the median FHt (172.6 cm) was shorter than the median gcPFHt (181.0 cm) and baPFHt (175.9 cm). In the six patients who started treatment before the age of 11 years, the median FHt (171.8 cm) was shorter than the median gcPFHt (181.5 cm) and baPFHt (177.4 cm) after treatment. The median differences between the FHt and gcPFHt and baPFHt were 9.2 and 8.3 cm, respectively. In two patients started treatment after the age of 11, the differences between FHt and gcPFHt, and baPFHt after treatment were -4 and 1.4 cm, and -1.2 and 0 cm for each case, respectively. A stepwise increasing regimen of estradiol valerate may be an effective treatment for height control in girls with Marfan syndrome, especially when started under 11 years old.


Subject(s)
Body Height , Child , Contraceptive Agents/therapeutic use , Estradiol/analogs & derivatives , Female , Growth Disorders/pathology , Humans , Marfan Syndrome/diagnosis , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-62652

ABSTRACT

This study assesses the efficacy and safety of a 24-day regimen of drospirenone-containing combined oral contraceptive, and demonstrates that it is an effective and safe option for contraception, releasing symptom of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and acne in Korean women.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris , Contraception , Contraceptives, Oral, Combined , Female , Humans , Korea
20.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 113-118, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44192

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recently, a Korean fracture-risk assessment tool (FRAX) model has become available, but large prospective cohort studies, which are needed to validate the model, are still lacking, and there has been little effort to evaluate its usefulness. This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of the FRAX model, a FRAX developed by the World Health Organization, in Korea. METHODS: In 405 postmenopausal women and 139 men with a proximal femoral fracture, 10-year predicted fracture probabilities calculated by the Korean FRAX model (a country-specific model) were compared with the probabilities calculated with a FRAX model for Japan, which has a similar ethnic background (surrogate model). RESULTS: The 10-year probabilities of major osteoporotic and hip fractures calculated by the Korean model were significantly lower than those calculated by the Japanese model in women and men. The fracture probabilities calculated by each model increased significantly with age in both sexes. In patients aged 70 or older, however, there was a significant difference between the two models. In addition, the Korean model led to lower probabilities for major osteoporotic fracture and hip fracture in women when BMD was excluded from the model than when it was included. CONCLUSIONS: The 10-year fracture probabilities calculated with FRAX models might differ between country-specific and surrogate models, and caution is needed when applying a surrogate model to a new population. A large prospective study is warranted to validate the country-specific Korean model in the general population.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Cohort Studies , Female , Femoral Fractures , Hip , Hip Fractures , Humans , Japan , Korea , Male , Osteoporotic Fractures , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea , Risk Assessment , World Health Organization
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