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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817721

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To explore the effects of liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy on maternal outcomes and identify the factors affecting the maternal prognosis.【Methods】We collected the clinical data of 1 113 women with liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy (case group) and 1 113 normal pregnancies (control group) from the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between January 2015 and December 2018. We compared the rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage and maternal mortality in the two groups,conducted the univariate and multivariate analysis for the case group and determined the prognostic risk factors by using Logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve analysis was applied to estimate the value of each independent risk factor for predicting liver dysfunction-related maternal mortality. 【Results】The rates of cesarean section,premature delivery,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage in the case group were higher than those in the control group(P < 0.05),and the odds ratios(ORs)were 3.59 ,7.81 ,10.68 and 2.93 ,respectively. The maternal mortality in the case group(1.2%)was higher than that in the control group(0.0%)(P < 0.05). Logistic analysis revealed that high total bilirubin(TBIL),low prothrombin activity(PTA)and low fasting plasma glucose(FPG)were independent risk factors for liver dysfunction- related maternal mortality. The ROC curve analysis indicated that when TBIL was 235.4 μmol/L,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.331 with sensitivity of 0.818 and specificity of 0.513. When PTA was 20.5% ,the Youden′ s index in maximum was 0.366 with sensitivity of 0.821 and specificity of 0.545. When FPG was 3.11 mmol/L,the Youden′s index in maximum was 0.405 with sensitivity of 0.769 and specificity of 0.636.【Conclusion】Liver dysfunction in the third trimester of pregnancy has adverse effects on maternal outcomes. TBIL ,PTA and FPG are the factors affecting the maternal prognosis and may have certain predictive value for maternal death.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1810-1817, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780307

ABSTRACT

Although numbers of naked antibodies showing clinical efficacy as single agents, their therapeutic effect is limited. Chemotherapy is very effective but with relatively large side effects, so conjugation of small chemotherapeutic drugs to antibodies is one of the important methods to enhance therapeutic potential of antibodies. Antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs) represent a promising therapeutic approach for cancer patients by combining the antigen-targeting specificity of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) with the cytotoxic potency of chemotherapeutic drugs. These modified antibodies are expected to selectively deliver chemotherapeutic drugs to tumor cells and provide sustained clinical benefit to cancer patients, at the same time, minimizing systemic toxicity. ADCs are expected to bring together the benefits of highly potent drugs on the one hand and selective binders of specific tumor antigens on the other hand. However, designing an ADC is very complex, requiring thoughtful combination of antibody, linker, and payload drugs in the context of a target and a defined cancer indication. Although many challenges remain, recent clinical success has generated intense interest in this therapeutic class.

3.
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 50(4): 765-771, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741361

ABSTRACT

Mulberry leaves (Morus alba L.) are a traditional Chinese medicine for blood serum glucose reduction. This study evaluated the protective effects of mulberry flavonoids on sciatic nerve in alloxan-induced diabetic rats. In this study, 80 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into five groups: A (control), B (diabetic treated with saline), C-D (diabetic treated with 0.3, 0.1 g/kg mulberry flavonoids once a day for 8 weeks) and E (diabetic treated with 0.3 mg/kg methycobal). The diabetic condition was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg alloxan dissolved in saline. At the end of the experimental period, blood, and tissue samples were obtained for biochemical and histopathological investigation. Treatment with 0.3 g/kg mulberry flavonoids significantly inhibited the elevated serum glucose (P< 0.01). The increased myelin sheath area (P< 0.01), myelinated fiber cross-sectional area and extramedullary fiber number (P< 0.05) were also reduced in alloxan-induced rats treated with 0.3 g/kg mulberry flavonoids. 0.3 g/kg mulberry flavonoids also markedly decreased onion-bulb type myelin destruction and degenerative changes of mitochondria and Schwann cells. These findings demonstrate that mulberry flavonoids may improve the recovery of a severe peripheral nerve injury in alloxan-induced diabetic rats and is likely to be useful as a potential treatment on peripheral neuropathy (PN) in diabetic rats.


Folhas de amoreira (Morus alba L.) é um medicamento tradicional chinês para a redução da glicose no soro sanguíneo. Avaliaram-se, neste trabalho, os efeitos protetores dos flavonóides de amora no nervo ciático em ratos diabéticos aloxano-induzidos. Dividiram-se 80 ratos Sprague-Dawley em cinco grupos: A (controle), B (diabétidos tratados com solução salina), C-D (diabéticos tratados com 0,3, 0,1 g/kg) e E (diabéticos tratados com 0,3 mg de metilcobal).A diabetes foi induzida por injeção intraperitoneal de 200 mg/kg de aloxana dissolvida em solução salina. No final do período experimental, obtiveram-se amostras de sangue e de tecido para investigação bioquímica e histopatológica. O tratamento com 0,3 g/kg de flavonóides da amoreira inibiu, significativamente, a elevação de glicose no soro (p <0,01). O aumento da área da bainha de mielina (p <0,01), da área de fibra da seção transversal e do número de fibras mielinizadas extramedulares (p <0,05) foi também reduzido em ratos aloxânicos, tratados com 0,3 g/kg flavonóides de amora. Flavonóides da amoreira na dose de 0,3 g/kg também diminuiram, acentuadamente, a destruição da mielina do tipo bulbo de cebola e as alterações degenerativas das células mitocôndrias e das células de Schwann. Estes resultados demonstram que os flavonóides da amoreira podem melhorar a recuperação de uma lesão nervosa periférica grave em ratos com diabetes, induzida por aloxana, e parece ser útil como tratamento potencial para a neuropatia periférica (PN) em ratos diabéticos.


Subject(s)
Alloxan/analysis , Flavonoids/analysis , Morus/classification , Rats/classification , Sciatic Nerve , Diabetes Mellitus/classification , Diabetic Neuropathies
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