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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 191-195, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913140

ABSTRACT

Sarcopenia is a common complication in patients with liver cirrhosis, with an incidence rate of up to 40%-70%, which increases the incidence rate of complications in patients with liver cirrhosis and seriously affects patients' quality of life and survival time. Sarcopenia in liver cirrhosis has a complex pathogenesis, and its clinical manifestations are easily ignored. No consensus has been reached on diagnostic criteria, and there are few targeted therapeutic drugs. Therefore, it should be taken seriously by clinician and the research on pathogenesis and therapeutic drugs should be strengthened.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 115-119, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862555

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical features of patients with hepatic myelopathy (HM) in China. MethodsThe articles on HM, published in China from January 2009 to December 2018, were collected to analyze the clinical features, laboratory examination results, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis of HM patients. ResultsA total of 94 articles were included, with 562 patients in total, among whom there were 489 male patients and 73 female patients. Their age ranged from 17-81 years, with a mean age of 46.3±17.5 years. Hepatitis B cirrhosis was the most common etiology (64.4%), followed by alcoholic cirrhosis (10.3%) and hepatitis C cirrhosis (9.2%). The clinical manifestations of HM mainly included decline of muscle strength (89.50%), tendon hyperreflexia (76.87%), ataxia, and movement disorder (76.51%). Laboratory examination showed an increase in blood ammonia by 92.31% and a reduction in albumin by 88.96%. Imaging diagnosis mainly depended on electromyography (64.92%) and spinal cord MRI (22.82%), and abdominal color Doppler ultrasound, CT, or MRI alone has limited clinical value. After comprehensive medical treatment, no patient (0%) was cured, 106 patients (18.86%) were improved, 211 patients (37.54%) had no response, 31 patients (5.52%) worsened, 129 patients (22.95%) died, and 53 patients (9.43%) were not explained. A total of 39 patients underwent liver transplantation, with an improvement rate of 5641%. ConclusionHM is a rare complication of end-stage liver disease and is mainly observed in middle-aged men. It has the main manifestation of chronic and progressive spastic paraplegia of both lower limbs. Currently, there is no effective treatment method, and liver transplantation is feasible for some patients, with poor treatment response and poor prognosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the relationship between intraoperative concentration of C-X-C motif chemokine 13 (CXCL13) in peripheral blood and postoperative delirium (POD) in elderly patients under general anesthesia.Methods:Ninety-three patients of both sexes, aged 65-85 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical statusⅠor Ⅱ, scheduled for elective hip replacement under general anesthesia, were selected.Peripheral venous blood samples were collected to determine the concentrations of CXCL13 and interleukin-6 (IL-6) before anesthesia and during surgery (30 min after skin incision). The Confusion Assessment Method Scale in Chinese was used to detect the development of POD every day within 7 days after surgery in 2 groups.The patients were divided into POD group and non-POD group.Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for POD.Results:Seventeen patients developed POD (19%). There was significant difference in ages, preoperative mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores before surgery, hospital stay time and intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood between group non-POD and group POD ( P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that preoperative MMSE scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages were independent risk factors for the development of POD ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative MMES scores, intraoperative concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 in peripheral blood and advanced ages are independent risk factors for the development of POD.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): E007-E007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811655

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate awareness of digestive system injury caused by corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.@*Methods@#From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was sent out to explore the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and knowledge of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 grasped by gastroenterologists. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.@*Results@#A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentage of physicians who well knew the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentage of physician who gave the right answer of COVID-19 detectable methods and lung imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentage of correct answer of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 in residents, attending physicians, associate chief physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433), 33.9% (234/691), 32.4% (213/657) and 34.9% (152/435), respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians of different level (χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis.@*Conclusions@#The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused of COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training for them.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 162-166, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871461

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the awareness of digestive system injury caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in gastroenterologists.Methods:From February 21 to 23 in 2020, the electronic questionnaire was used to learn about the condition of the basic knowledge of COVID-19 and awareness of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 among the gastroenterologists across the country. Chi-square test was used for statistical analysis.Results:A total of 2 216 gastroenterologists from 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities nationwide completed the survey. 99.7% (2 209/2 216) of gastroenterologists stated that they had read the COVID-19 diagnosis and treatment guidelines. The percentages of physicians who knew clearly about the diagnostic criteria of suspected and confirmed cases of COVID-19 was 34.9% (774/2 216) and 39.4% (874/2 216), respectively. The percentages of physician who gave the right answers of COVID-19 detectable methods and pulmonary imaging was 68.4% (1 516/2 216) and 71.6% (1 586/2 216), respectively. The percentages of correct answers of digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 were physicians and chief physicians was 30.9% (134/433) in residents, 33.9% (234/691) attending physicians, 32.4% (213/657) associated chief physicians and 34.9% (152/435) chief physicians, respectively, however there were no statistically significant differences among physicians with different professional titles ( χ2=6.60, P> 0.05). 95.6% (2 119/2 216) of gastroenterologists believed that probiotics could effectively improve bowel function, and 94.0% (2 082/2 216) of gastroenterologists considered that enteral nutrition support could improve patients’ prognosis. Conclusions:The knowledge and dynamic progress of the digestive system injury caused by COVID-19 are still insufficiently grasped by gastroenterologists in China. So it is necessary to carry out systematic and pertinent training programmes for them.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869933

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of edaravone on long-term cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing hip replacement.Methods:A total of 160 patients, aged≥65 yr, undergoing elective hip replacement, were divided into 2 groups ( n=80 each) using the random sequence generated by the McLeod-modified Wichmann-Hill pseudo-random number generator: edaravone group (group E) and control group (group C). Spinal-epidural anesthesia was applied in two groups.Edaravone 60 mg (in 100 ml of normal saline, infusion rate 200 ml/h) was intravenously infused from the time point immediately after achieving the anesthesia plane until the following 30 min.Serum chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) concentrations were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and at postoperative days 1, 3 and 7.The Confusion Assessment Method Scale in Chinese was used to detect the postoperative delirium at postoperative days 1, 2, 3 and 7, and the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified and ADL score were adopted to assess the cognitive function and quality of daily living, respectively, and the occurrence of cognitive impairment was recorded at 1 and 12 months after surgery. Results:Compared with group C, the total Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified score and ADL score were significantly increased, the incidence of postoperative delirium and cognitive impairment was decreased, and the serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were decreased during surgery and at each time point after surgery in group E ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Edaravone can reduce inflammatory responses and improve long-term cognitive function in elderly patients undergoing hip replacement.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865701

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and summarize the clinical characteristics of autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) patients in China from 2009 to 2018.Methods:Studies published from January 2009 to December 2018 were searched in CNKI, Wanfang and VIP databases by using " autoimmune pancreatitis" , " immune pancreatitis" and " IgG related pancreatitis" as search items, respectively. One hundred and ten articles were finally included, and a total of 2 364 AIP patients were involved. The gender, age, clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, radiological examination, treatment and prognosis of these AIP patients were analyzed and summarized.Results:Among the 2 364 AIP patients, there were 1 777 males and 587 females, with an average age of 58 years. The main clinical manifestations were jaundice(61.31%), abdominal pain(52.45%), abdominal discomfort(34.78%) and body weight loss(22.62%). 50.13% of the patients suffered from extrapancreatic manifestations. Serological examination detected significantly increased levels of IgG4 (74.14%), CRP (73.68%), IgG (71.41%), erythrocyte sedimentation (67.34%), total bilirubin (62.44%), ALT/AST(50.83%), CA19-9(43.85%) and positive rheumatoid factor (42.04%). Pancreatic diffuse (46.87%) and regional enlargement (21.87%) was found in AIP patients by imaging examination. The pancreatic pathological manifestations mainly included lymphoplasmic cell infiltration, pancreatic acinar destruction and atrophy, fibrous tissue proliferation, and positive IgG4 deposition by immunohistochemistry. 282 patients (11.92%) were misdiagnosed, while 70.12% of AIP patients were attenuated by hormones therapies.Conclusions:AIP, which is more common in male in China, is often accompanied by extrapancreatic manifestations. Although imaging examinations were helpful for diagnosis, the misdiagnosis rate remains high. Clinicians need to raise awareness, enhance the ability to diagnose and treat AIP, thus reducing misdiagnosis.

8.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1799-1804, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825038

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the articles on endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), an important method for minimally invasive treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases, published worldwide, and to investigate the status, hotspots, and development trends in this field. MethodsThe web of science core collection database in Web of Science platform was selected to search by the subject words “TS = (Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde)”, for the articles published from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2019, and the literature type was selected as “article”. CiteSpace 5.6.R2 (64-bit) was used to analyze the authors, key words, institutions, countries (regions), and references and plot visualized maps. ResultsA total of 1535 articles on ERCP were included. The analysis showed that Hiroyuki Isayama had the highest number of published articles, followed by Yousuke Nakai and Takeshi Ogura, and University of Tokyo had the highest number of published articles, followed by Shanghai Jiao Tong University and University of Ulsan College of Medicine. Moreover, the US, Japan, and China were the top three countries from the aspect of the number of published articles in the recent 5 years, and ERCP, complication, and risk factor were the key words with the highest frequency in the recent 5 years. The most frequently cited articles mainly focused on the complications of ERCP and related consensus or guidelines. ConclusionThe main research hotspots and trends in the field of ERCP are related factors and clinical prevention of ERCP-related complications.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1004-1007, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821993

ABSTRACT

At present, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has spread rapidly in China and more than 70 countries around the world and thus become a public health event of international concern. In addition to fever and respiratory symptoms, varying degrees of liver injury is also observed after 2019-nCoV infection. This article reviews the clinical features, pathology, pathogenic mechanism, and therapeutic strategies of liver injury associated with COVID-19, hoping to provide a reference for clinical decision-making on the prevention and treatment of COVID-19.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744198

ABSTRACT

In order to improve the clinical teaching quality of functional gastrointestinal diseases (FGIDs),the teachers tried to apply the Rome Ⅳ criteria in the clinical teaching of FGIDs,including ward rounds,case analysis,and clinical practice.This article firstly summarizes the necessity and importance of teaching based on the Rome Ⅳ criteria,then gives an interpretation of the Rome Ⅳ criteria,and finally establishes a problem-centered teaching mode in combination with discussion of typical FGID cases.The interpretation of the Rome Ⅳ criteria and clinical practice guided by experts help the students to understand the Rome Ⅳ criteria and use it to guide clinical practice and scientific research.This article also provides a theoretical basis for the application and promotion of the Rome Ⅳ criteria in the clinical teaching of gastroenterology.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 289-293, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709522

ABSTRACT

Objective To summerize computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearances of the adrenal oncoctyoma(AOC),and to improve the diagnostic accuracy.Methods The 11 cases imaging materials of AOC confirmed by pathology from March 2006 to August 2017 were analyzed retrospectively.There were 3 males and 8 females,aged from 24 to 65 years old(mean 46.8 years).There were 11 cases with CT unenhanced scan in which 9 cases performed enhancing scan,8 cases underwent unenhanced and enhanced MRI scan.Results Of 11 cases (13 lesions),10 cases were singular,1 was unilaterally multiple(3 lesions).5 cases were located in the right side,6 in the left side.10 lesions presented oval,3 were round.The diameters of all lesions ranged from 1.4 to 9.9 cm,with a mean of 3.9 cm.All lesions were shown well-defined soft-tissue density on plain CT scan,69.2% (9/13) of whom were homogeneous,30.8% were heterogenous.The CT value ranged from 32.6 to 48.6 HU,with a mean of 37.9 HU.In 9 cases,5 masses were markedly enhanced,2 were slightly enhanced and 2 were moderately enhanced,and all of them depicted prolongedly enhanced on triple-phase scan.The masses of 8 cases appeared isointensity or slightly hypointensity on T1WI,hyperintesity on fat-suppressed T2WI.The signal did not change on opposed-phase imaging.The lesions demonstrated heterogeneously prolonged enhancement to some degree on enhanced TI WI images.There was no peritumoral adjacent invasion,enlarged lymph nodes and metastasis.Conclusions AOC usually presents soft-tissue density on unenhanced CT,no changing on MRI opposed-phase images.The tumors are characterized by markedly heterogeneously prolonged enhanced on enhanced CT and MRI.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 4364-4366, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667618

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes of delayed hemorrhage after colonoscopic treatment in colorectal diseases and the value of second colonoscopic treatment.Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 45 patients with colorectal protrusion lesions (polyps,adenoma,early carcinoma and lipoma) in the Daping hospital of the Third Military medical University from January 2010 to December 2016.The patients suffered from delayed hemorrhage after argon knife coagulation,submucosal resection,submucosal dissection or nylon snares colonoscopic treatment.The mode and clinical outcome of second colonoscopic treatment were summarized by aiming at the reasonsof delayed hemorrhage.Results The predilection sites of delayed hemorrhage were in turn rectum (28.89 %),sigmoid colon (24.44 %) and ascending colon (22.22 %).Adenoma and intraepithelial neoplasia lesions were easier to occurr (88.89 %).The types of delayed hemorrhage were mainly blood oozing at the lesion resection wound surface as well as blood gushing or ejection.The second colonoscopic treatment modes in these cases were mainly titanium clipping and ring clipping and suturing.Five cases were treated by submucosal injection of adrenaline (1 ∶ 10 000) combined with argon knife coagulation.Thirtyfive cases conducted argon knife coagulationcombined with titanium clipping,3 cases conducted titanium clipping and 2 cases adopted ring clipping hemostasis.Forty-two cases stopped bleeding by once colonoscopic treatment,while 3 cases suffered from re-bleeding,the colonoscopic treatment was performed again,1 case stopped bleeding after using titanium clipping and ring clipping hemostasis again,while other 2 cases were transfered to the surgery department for conducting colectomy.All 43 cases of delayed hemorrhage in this group were cured and discharged after successful hemostasis by colonoscopy.The firm wound treatment after colonoscopic treatment was very important for preventing delayed hemorrhage,and the underlying diseases and postoperative diet management were also the important factors of delayed hemorrhage.Conclusion Timely second colonoscopic examination and treatment can obtain satisfactory clinical effects in the patients sufferring from delayed hemorrhage after colonoscopic treatment.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 205-210, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808376

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the protective effect of intraperitoneal transplantation of human liver-derived stem cells at different times against concanavalin A (ConA)-induced acute liver injury in mice.@*Methods@#A total of 88 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal control group (group C), ConA model group (group M), and human liver-derived stem cells (HYX1)+ConA group (group E); according to the interval between phosphate buffer/HYX1 injection and ConA injection, Groups M and E were further divided into 3-hour groups (M1 and E1 groups), 6-hour groups (M2 and E2 groups), 12-hour groups (M3 and E3 groups), 24-hour groups (M4 and E4 groups), and 48-hour groups (M5 and E5 groups). The levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), and total bilirubin (TBil) in peripheral blood were measured, liver tissue sections were used to observe pathological changes, and the Ishak score for liver inflammation was determined. The independent samples t-test was used for comparison between groups, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*Results@#The levels of ALT, AST, and TBil in group C were (36.25±1.16) U/L, (120.20±5.77) U/L, and (2.20±0.23) μmol/L, respectively; the levels of ALT, AST, and TBil and Ishak score were (8 721.23±837.39) U/L, (8 110.31±290.10) U/L, (8.41±0.10) μmol/L, and (13.32±1.30), respectively, in group M1, (8 334.31±666.50) U/L, (7 560.20±760.34) U/L, (10.40±0.80) μmol/L, and (12.67±0.81), respectively, in group M2, (8 960.75±551.93) U/L, (8 535.62±675.14) U/L, (10.95±1.43) μmol/L, and (14.57±0.65), respectively, in group M3, (8 618.57±886.40) U/L, (11 440.54 ± 1 327.86) U/L, (13.30±1.86) μmol/L, and (13.21±1.06), respectively, in group M4, and (10 170.13±1 112.37) U/L, (11 470.56±1 108.40) U/L, (12.75±1.55) μmol/L, and (15.07±1.58), respectively, in group M5. The levels of ALT, AST, and TBil and Ishak score were (1 016.35±163.47) U/L, (952.30±103.91) U/L, (7.77±0.62) μmol/L, and (3.50±0.21), respectively, in group E1, (42.10±6.20) U/L, (126.72±13.33) U/L, (3.41±0.53) μmol/L, and (2.01±0.40), respectively, in group E2, (44.21±4.30) U/L, (216.71±35.88) U/L, (3.47±0.44) μmol/L, and (2.13±0.25), respectively, in group E3, (2 909.69±212.14) U/L, (2 988.43±333.70) U/L, (7.03±0.93) μmol/L, and (4.70±0.50), respectively, in group E4, and (7 874.26±799.60) U/L, (10 940.54±947.35) U/L, (10.53±1.09) μmol/L, and (8.60±0.83), respectively, in group E5. Groups M1-M5 had significantly higher levels of ALT, AST, and TBil than group C (all P < 0.01), and groups M1-M4 had significantly higher levels of AST and ALT than groups E1-E4 (all P < 0.01), while there were no significant differences in the levels of AST and ALT between groups M5 and E5 (both P > 0.05). The pathological sections of liver tissue showed that compared with group M, group E had significant reductions in the degree of necrosis and Ishak score (both P < 0.05).@*Conclusion@#Intraperitoneal transplantation of human liver-derived stem cells has a protective effect against ConA-induced acute liver injury in mice, and the injection at 6 and 12 hours in advance has the best protective effect.

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 111-114, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808213

ABSTRACT

Liver cancer is a common malignant tumor. Although the overall incidence and mortality rates of liver cancer has been decreasing in recent years, the incidence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)-associated liver cancer tends to increase. The health and social issues brought by NAFLD-associated liver cancer have attracted more and more attention, and its epidemiology, pathogenesis, and diagnosis and treatment await further research. This article summarizes the current epidemiology and pathogenesis of NAFLD-associated liver cancer.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-808037

ABSTRACT

Esophageal and gastric varices are common complications of liver cirrhosis and are seen in 50% of patients with liver cirrhosis. The annual incidence rate of esophagogastric variceal bleeding is 5%-15%, and even if the recommended treatment is used, the 6-week mortality rate is still as high as 15%-20%. Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common complication of end-stage liver disease and has an incidence rate of 10%-30% in patients with severe liver damage. SBP refers to the bacterial infection of the peritoneum and/or ascites that occurs in the absence of any inflammation in adjacent tissues (e.g., intestinal perforation and intestinal abscess). Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is the clinical syndrome manifesting as cognitive impairment in patients with chronic liver disease, and its pathogenesis has not yet been fully elucidated and may be associated with ammonia poisoning theory, γ-aminobutyric acid and endogenous benzodiazepine complex receptor theory, and inflammatory pathway theory. This article introduces the advances in the treatment of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis, SBP, and HE in 2016.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610685

ABSTRACT

Background:With the deepening of researches on etiology of gastrointestinal bleeding,bleeding caused by pancreatic diseases has been understood better by the clinicians. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB)is an uncommon but highly lethal complication of pancreatic diseases. Aims:To analyze the clinical characteristics of UGIB caused by pancreatic diseases for improving the diagnosis and management of this condition. Methods:A total of 22 inpatients who were diagnosed as UGIB caused by pancreatic diseases from Sep. 2010 to Sep. 2016 at Daping Hospital,the Third Military Medical University were recruited and analyzed retrospectively. Results:There were 15 males and 7 females;the disease was more prevalent in young patients than in middle-aged and elderly patients (45. 5% vs. 31. 8% and 22. 7%). The top five causes of bleeding were as follows:stress ulcer related to acute pancreatitis (36. 4%),pancreatic pseudocysts related to chronic pancreatitis (18. 2%),severe acute pancreatitis (13. 6%),post-operative bleeding related to pancreatic surgery (9. 1%)and left-sided portal hypertension (9. 1%). The diagnosis was commonly made by gastroscopy, abdominal contrast-enhanced CT and angiography. Ten patients received medical therapy only,6 were treated by surgical operation,5 by endoscopic hemostasis,and 1 by angioembolization. Hemostasis was achieved in 18 patients (81. 8%), and rebleeding occurred in 4 patients,of which two received medical therapy initially. Two elderly patients died of uncontrollable bleeding and multiple organ failure,respectively. Conclusions:UGIB caused by pancreatic diseases are prone to occur in young and middle-aged males. Pancreatitis and its complications are the major cause of this condition. Medical therapy is ineffective for most of the patients and a multidisciplinary approach of endoscopy,transarterial intervention and surgery is recommended.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610682

ABSTRACT

Background:Non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal bleeding has been attracted more and more attention in clinical practice. Because of the poor efficacy of conventional drug therapy and the high rebleeding rate,endoscopic therapy or interventional therapy have become the first choice. Aims:To investigate the therapeutic value of endoscopic therapy and interventional therapy in non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal bleeding. Methods:Retrospective analysis was performed in 77 patients with non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal bleeding who underwent endoscopic therapy or interventional therapy from January 2010 to May 2016 at Daping Hospital of the Third Military Medical University. The therapeutic efficacy of the two therapies was compared. Results:In 77 patients,48 patients received endoscopic therapy and 29 patients received interventional therapy. Compared with interventional therapy group, hemoglobin was significantly higher (P = 0. 007)and Blatchford score was significantly lower in endoscopic therapy group (P = 0. 021). Stomach lesion was found in 22 patients,25 in duodenum,18 in small intestine,9 in colon and 3 in rectum. Angiodysplasia lesion was found in 35 patients,ulcer combined with angiodysplasia in 26 patients,arterial rupture in 13 patients,and angiotelectasis in 3 patients. Rebleeding occurred in 7 patients underwent endoscopic therapy within 72 hours. No rebleeding was found in patients underwent interventional therapy,however,1 patients died from pulmonary embolism. Conclusions:Most patients with upper gastrointestinal angiodysplasia can benefit from endoscopic therapy. Surgery may be a better choice for those with more severe mucosal damage and rebleeding within 72 hours after treatment. Interventional treatment may be a first choice for those who have bleeding from small intestinal angiodysplasia,lower hemoglobin and a higher Blatchford score.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610640

ABSTRACT

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a severe,complicated and commonly seen disease in Department of Digestive Diseases,the frequent etiology is peptic ulcer,acute gastric mucosal lesion,esophageal gastric varices and digestive tract tumors. In recent years,clinicians gradually noticed a kind of disease characterized by acute,recrudescent and life-threatening bleeding,that is the non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal hemorrhage. The guidelines and scholars have not paid enough attention to this problem. However,non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal hemorrhage is not uncommon,and is difficult and tricky in its management for clinicians. Therefore,clinicians should pay sufficient attention to the characteristics and therapeutic principles of non-variceal vascular originated gastrointestinal hemorrhage.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607890

ABSTRACT

Background:Esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is relatively uncommon in clinical,however,it can be life-threatening in severe cases. Thus,retrospective analysis of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage could provide important evidence for its diagnosis and treatment. Aims:To analyze the clinical characteristics of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage. Methods:A total of 175 cases of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage from January 2006 to December 2016 at Daping Hospital were enrolled. Gender,age,cause of bleeding,location of bleeding,season of onset,treatment and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed. Results:The ratio of male to female was 3. 5: 1 in 175 patients with esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage,73. 1% of patients were middle-aged and elderly. The main cause of bleeding of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage were cardiac mucosal laceration syndrome (46. 9%),esophageal cancer (23. 4%),esophageal ulcer (12. 6%)and esophageal foreign body (12. 0%). The most common site of bleeding was lower esophagus (70. 9%). Fifty-one patients accepted endoscopic treatment or surgery. After treatment,142 patients (81. 1%)were cured or improved,and death was occurred in 27 patients (15. 4%). Conclusions:The incidence of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is higher in male than in female,and is commonly seen in middle-aged and elderly patients. The most common cause of bleeding of esophageal non-variceal hemorrhage is cardiac mucosal laceration syndrome,and the most common site of bleeding is lower esophagus. Medicine combined with endoscopic treatment is effective for most of the patients.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607509

ABSTRACT

Background:Small intestinal bleeding is difficult to diagnose and treat because of its complex etiology and limit to examination method. Aims:To analyze the etiology,diagnosis,treatment and prognosis of small intestinal bleeding. Methods:The clinical data of 118 consecutive patients with small intestinal bleeding admitted from Oct. 2006 to Oct. 2016 at Daping Hospital,the Third Military Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. Results:Melena was the most common manifestation of small intestinal bleeding (41. 5%),followed by dark bloody stool,positive fecal occult blood test,hematochezia,and anemia with unknown cause. The major causes of bleeding were benign or malignant tumors (43. 2%),vascular lesions (28. 0%)and inflammatory lesions (15. 3%). Diagnosis was made by means of capsule endoscopy,colonoscopy,digital subtraction angiography (DSA),barium meal examination,multi-slice CT (MSCT)and CT enterography (CTE). Forty-one patients were treated by surgical operation,7 by selective arterial embolization,2 by endoscopic therapy,56 by conservative therapy,and all these patients achieved hemostasis. One patient died of massive hemorrhage and 11 were discharged with giving up of treatment. Conclusions:The leading cause of small intestinal bleeding is tumor,followed by vascular and inflammatory lesions. Capsule endoscopy is able to make definite diagnosis with high accuracy,and MSCT is the most widely used diagnostic approach. In addition to conventional treatment,surgical operation,interventional and endoscopic therapies also play important roles in treating small intestinal bleeding.

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