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1.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 870-872, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801335

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the safety and feasibility of laparoscopic remedial surgery in patients who didn′t reach the cure criterion of early colorectal cancer after endoscopic resection.@*Methods@#The clinical and follow-up data of 12 patients who didn′t reach the cure criterion of early colorectal cancer and then underwent endoscopic resection was collected. The clinicalpathological features and remedial indications were analyzed to evaluate the effects of laparoscopic remedial surgery.@*Results@#The average number of lymph nodes in the lymph node dissection was 15 during remedial surgery, and 3 of them had lymph node metastasis. Among the 3 patients with residual cancer, two cases were poorly differentiated, 1 case was moderately differentiated, 1 case was positive for basal margin, and 1 case had vascular invasion. No lymph node metastasis occurred in the 9 patients who had no residual cancer. Among these, 8 cases were moderately differentiated, 1 case was poorly differentiated and 2 cases had positive basal margin. The average follow-up duration was 40 months and all 12 patients were in a state of survival at the last follow-up. During the follow-up of the 3 patients with residual cancer, 1 patient received adjuvant chemotherapy with unknown prognosis; 1 patient received postoperative adjuvant radiochemotherapy, and lung metastasis occurred; 1 patient did not receive any treatment after surgery and survived for 33 months.@*Conclusions@#Laparoscopic remedial surgery is a safe and feasible remedy for patients who didn′t reach the cure criterion of early colorectal cancer after endoscopic resection. However, the choice of remedial strategy for colorectal carcinoma needs further investigation for patients with no vascular invasion, high degree of differentiation, and negative basal margin.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 580-586, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807222

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effects of metastasis associated 1 (MTA1) on biological characteristics such as migration, invasion and proliferation of gastric cancer (GC) cells.@*Methods@#pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA vector was used to establish human gastric cancer BGC-823 cell lines with constitutive MTA1-knockdown. Boyden, wound healing, clony forming assay and 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2H tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay were performed to identify the effects of MTA1-deficiency on the biological behaviors of BGC-823 cells in vitro. Simultaneously, MTA1 overexpressed BGC-823 cell line was established by pcDNA3-MTA1 plasmid transfection for reverse verification. In addition, the role of MTA1 in the tumorigenicity of gastric cancer BGC823 cells in vivo was examined by subcutaneous injection of BGC-823 cells expressing different MTA1 levels into nude mice. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot were used to detect the expression levels of integrin β1, cyclin D1 and uPAR in pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA, pcDNA3-MTA1 transfected cells and control cells.@*Results@#MTA1 knocked down or upregulated BGC-823 cell lines were successfully generated by transfecting pSilencer3.1-MTA1-siRNA or pcDNA3-MTA1 vector with lipofectamine 2000, respectively. The Boyden and wound healing experiments showed metastasis and invasion ability in MTA1 knocked down cells (25±2, 12±1) were significantly decreased when compared with those of control (78±2, 50±2) and MTA1-overexpressed groups (218±2, 269±3; P<0.05). The results of MTT assay and colony forming assay were significantly decreased when compared with those of showed that MTA1 overexpressed cells grew more rapidly and formed more colonies in vitro and induced worse malignant tumors in vivo, while MTA1 knocked down cells presented the reversed phenotype[control group (1 482.41±511.90) mm3, (1.39±0.29)g; MTA1 overexpressed group [(3 158.73±1 823.22) mm3, (2.23±0.51)g; MTA1-downregulated group (711.32±284.30)mm3, (0.87±0.21) g ; P<0.05)]. In addition, RT-PCR result showed that the expression level of MTA1 was positively correlated with the known metastasis-related genes (integrinβ1, cyclinD1, uPAR).@*Conclusions@#MTA1 promotes the invasion, migration and proliferation of human gastric cancer BGC-823 cells. On the contrary, down-regulation of MTA1 significantly inhibits tumorigenicity of BGC-823 cells and induces favorable phenotypes. MTA1 may promote the malignant phenotype of BGC-23 cells via regulating the expressions of integrinβ1, cyclinD1 and uPAR.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520635

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo assess the surgical results and implications of clinicopathologic features on the prognosis of patients with hepatic matastases from gastric adenocarcinoma. MethodsNinety one of 834 patients with primary gastric cancer were diagnosed with synchronous ( n =79) or metachronous ( n =12)hepatic metastases. Twenty-one cases underwent hepatectomy for the metastasis. Results The actuarial 1-year, 3-year survival rates after hepatic resection were respectively 69% and 30%. Solitary and metachronous metastases were significant determinants for a favorable prognosis after hepatic resection. Pathologically, tumor pseudomembrane was found in 13 out of 21 patients which was associated with a favorable prognosis. ConclusionsSolitary and metachronous hepatic metastases from gastric cancer should be treated by a surgical approach which confers a good prognosis. The formation of pseudomembrane of the metastatic tumor predicts a favourable postoperative survival.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-527620

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the characteristics of the solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas (SPT) ,and to improve the diagosis and management of SPT. Methods Fourteen cases of solid pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas admitted from Jan 1999 to Jul 2005 were analyzed retrospectively. Results There were 1 male and 13 females. Tumors were all single and mainly located in the head of the pancreas (9/14, 64. 3% ) , tumors in the other 5 cases were in the body and tail of the pancreas. The average diameter was 7.2 cm, with no specific symptom. On CT scan tumors were of low density, well-circumscribed with calcification, solid tumors were enhanced slightly on contrast medium, but cystic tumors were not enhanced . Simple resection was performed in 8 cases. Partial resection of the body of the pancreas and pancreaticojejunostomy was performed in 2 cases. One patient underwent distal pancreatectomy and splenectomy. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed in 3 cases. All the cases were followed up for an average of 20. 1 months with no recurrences. Conclusions Solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas is of low-grade malignancy. Surgical resection is effective. Surgical procedures adopted depend on the location and size of the tumor. Complete resection results in good prognosis.

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