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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 301-304, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909869

ABSTRACT

The rotator cuff of the elderly always is significantly degenerated and often accompanied by osteoarthritis, muscle weakness and muscle atrophy. Rotator cuff tear is the most common cause of shoulder pain. The incidence of massive rotator cuff tear is high in the elderly. Damaged rotator cuff tissue is difficult to repair with a high retear rate after surgical repair, which seriously reduces the quality of life of patients. Therefore, the authors focus on a brief overview of the characteristics, treatment choices, and rehabilitation exercises of the aged patients with massive rotator cuff tear so as to provide references for treating massive rotator cuff tear in the elderly.

2.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 122-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of passive motion and immobilization on shoulder function early after arthroscopic repair of rotator cuff tears.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 78 patients with rotator cuff tear admitted to Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2016 to December 2017. There were 36 males and 42 females, aged 35-78 years [(62.7±3.2)years]. There were 36 patients with medium-sized tears (1-3 cm), 31 with small tears (<1 cm), and 11 with partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA). All patients underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Forty-three patients started rehabilitation exercise immediately after operation (motion group). Thirty-five patients were immobilized with shoulder abduction brace for 6 weeks, and started rehabilitation exercise at week 7 (immobilization group). The range of motion, visual analogue pain score (VAS), simplified shoulder joint function test (SST) and Constant shoulder joint score were compared between the two groups before surgery, 6 weeks, 3 months and 12 months after surgery. The healing results were assessed by ultrasound 12 months after surgery. Complications were observed.Results:All the patients were followed up for 12-16 months [(13.7±1.3)months]. There were 7 patients with shoulder joint stiffness in each group (motion group: 16%, immobilization group: 20%) ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in VAS, SST or Constant score at postoperative 6 weeks, 3 months and 12 months ( P>0.05). The forward flexion and external rotation with the arm at the side in immobilization group was (124.9±12.9)° and 25(20, 30)° at postoperative 6 weeks, significantly improved in motion group [(136.6±16.7)°, 30(25, 40)°] ( P<0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in forward flexion and external rotation with the arm at the side at postoperative 3 and 12 months ( P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in internal rotation at postoperative 6 weeks, 3 months, and 12 months ( P>0.05). All rotator cuffs were healed verified by ultrasound at postoperative 12 months. No infection or implant displacement occurred after operation. Conclusions:For arthroscopic repair of medium-sized tears, small tears and PASTA, early postoperative rehabilitation exercises have advantage in improving range of motion only at early stage when compared to immobilization, which disappears with time. Moreover, the two methods have no significant differences in improving postoperative pain and shoulder function.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 133-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811520

ABSTRACT

With aim to reasonably cope with the elderly patients with hip fracture during epidemic of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Professor Su Jiacan and Academician Zhang Yingze organized the "expert consensus on elderly patients with hip fractures under epidemic of novel coronavirus pneumonia" that for the first time formulated the management strategies for the elderly patients with hip fracture including selection of surgical methods and protective measures for medical staff from perspective of orthopedic surgeons. The authors interpret the clinical guiding value and key points of diagnosis and treatment of the consensus to help clinicians better understand the consensus and strengthen its practical application.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811516

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the needs of orthopedic trauma patients for emergency surgery and review of the latest NCP diagnosis and treatment strategy and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of NCP and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 104-110, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811515

ABSTRACT

With the spread of novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) in December 2019, the management and rehabilitation of elderly patients with hip fractures and protection of medical staff face new challenges, and need to be adjusted appropriately under this very circumstances. Hip fractures in the elderly account for more than half of osteoporotic fractures. Expert group formulate this consensus so as to make better decision against this epidemic and protect patients' families and medical staff. This consensus elaborates not only epidemic condition of NCP, but also general principles of medical admission, treatment and protection for both medical staff and patients, in order to provide some reference and promote the standardization of clinical diagnosis and treatment of elderly patients with hip fractures under the condition of NCP.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 509-513, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influences of anxiety on postoperative efficacy in elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures.Methods:A retrospective case control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 297 elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures admitted to 5 tertiary hospitals in Shanghai from January 2017 to December 2018. There were 121 males and 176 females, aged 65-85 years [(74.2±8.5)years]. The fracture types included Neer type III in 176 patients and Neer type IV in 121 patients. Two days after admission, patients were analyzed by self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and anxiety factors questionnaire (participated by Shanghai Mental Health Center) and they were divided into anxiety group (SAS>35) and nonanxiety group (SAS≤35). Anxiety group included 68 patients, among which 7 had conservative treatments. Nonanxiety group contained 229 patients, among which 7 had conservative treatments. Both groups underwent with proximal reduction of humerus fractures accepted the operations. Operative patient in both groups underwent open reduction and plate fixation. The surgery rate and length of hospital stay were compared between groups. After 1 year of follow-up, Constant-Murley score was used to evaluate the effect of shoulder joint and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was taken to observe the wrist joint bone mineral density. Postoperative complications were recorded.Results:All operative patients were followed up for 10-28 months, with an average of 13.6 months. The surgery rate was 89.7% (61/68) in anxiety group and 96.9% (222/229) in nonanxiety group ( P<0.05). The hospital stay was (6.8±3.4)days for non-surgery patients and (10.2±2.8)days for surgery patients in anxiety group and (4.2±1.6)days for non-surgery patients and (7.4±2.2)days for surgery patients in nonanxiety group ( P<0.05). In anxiety group and nonanxiety group, the excellent and good rate of Constant-Murley score was respective 75.4% (46/61) and 88.3% (196/222) and the wrist joint bone mineral density was respective (-3.1±0.5)SD and (-2.9±0.6)SD (both P<0.05). The incidence of complications was 8.2% (5/61) in anxiety group and 4.5% (10/222) in nonanxiety group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:Anxiety has a significant negative influence on the surgery rate, length of hospital stay, shoulder joint function, wrist joint bone mineral density. Intervention on anxiety in elderly patients with complex proximal humerus fractures should be valued attention by clinical orthopedic surgeons.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 448-454, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867733

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify potential risk factors of varus collapse after unstable proximal humerus fracture treated with locking plates.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted on data of 146 patients with unstable proximal humerus fracture stabilized by locking plates at Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from January 2008 through December 2014. These patients were classified into varus collapse group ( n=39) and non-varus collapse group ( n=107) according to the occurrence of varus collapse. The gender, age, bone mineral density, cause of injury, fracture Neer classification, fracture type (varus or valgus), surgical timing, surgical techniques (medial support, cancellous bone graft, suture augmentation), number of humeral head screws and reduction quality were recorded. Potential risk factors were evaluated using univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression. The subjective reliability analysis was performed for Neer classification and medial fracture assessments. Results:Varus collapse group had higher ratio of osteoporosis, varus fracture, lack of medial column support, absence of suture augmentation and varus malreductin compared to non-varus collapse group ( P<0.05). While the two groups had no significant differences in gender, age, fracture classification, allogeneic cancellous bone transplantation and number of humeral head screws ( P>0.05). Moreover, the Logistic regression analysis indicated that osteoporosis, varus fracture, lack of medial column support, absence of suture augmentation and varus malreduction were major independent risk factors for varus collapse in proximal humerus fractures ( P<0.05). Among these risk variables, the lack of medial column support showed the strongest correlation of varus collapse after proximal humerus fractures treated with locking plates ( OR=9.62), and varus malreduction was another remarkable risk factor ( OR=8.39). The reliability of Neer classification and medial fracture assessments between interobservers and intraobservers was good. Conclusion:The risk factors for varus collapse after unstable proximal humerus fracture treated with locking plate are osteoporosis, varus fracture, lack of medial column support, absence of suture augmentation and varus malreduction.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 385-392, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867725

ABSTRACT

TSCI have dyskinesia and sensory disturbance that can cause various life-threaten complications. The patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (TSCI), seriously affecting the quality of life of patients. Based on the epidemiology of TSCI and domestic and foreign literatures as well as expert investigations, this expert consensus reviews the definition, injury classification, rehabilitation assessment, rehabilitation strategies and rehabilitation measures of TSCI so as to provide early standardized rehabilitation treatment methods for TSCI.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867685

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the needs of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients and review of the latest diagnosis and treatment strategy of COVID-19 and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of COVID-19 and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 133-136, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867681

ABSTRACT

With aim to reasonably cope with the elderly patients with hip fracture during epidemic of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19), Professor Su Jiacan and Academician Zhang Yingze organized the "expert consensus on diagnosis and treatment of elderly patients with hip fracture under epidemic of corona virus disease 2019" that for the first time formulated the management strategies for the elderly patients with hip fracture including selection of surgical methods and protective measures for medical staff from perspective of orthopedic surgeons. The authors interpret the clinical guiding value and key points of diagnosis and treatment of the consensus to help clinicians better understand the consensus and strengthen its practical application.

11.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 104-110, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867678

ABSTRACT

With the spread of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in December 2019, the management and rehabilitation of elderly patients with hip fractures and protection of medical staff face new challenges, and need to be adjusted appropriately under this very circumstances. Hip fractures in the elderly account for more than half of osteoporotic fractures. Expert group formulate this consensus to make better decision against this epidemic and protect patients and medical staff. This consensus elaborates not only epidemic condition of COVID-19, but also general principles of medical admission, treatment and protection for both medical staff and patients, so as to provide some reference and promote the standardization of clinical diagnosis and treatment of elderly patients with hip fractures under the condition of COVID-19.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 294-300, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the current situation of research in the field of sepsis caused by Gram positive bacteria (G + bacteria) in China, to clarify the research content and analyze its general research direction, so as to find the hot topics of research in recent years. Methods:The literatures in SinoMed related to sepsis caused by G + bacteria and published in Chinese from building database to October 2019 were screened. The distribution and trend of the published year, journals, research institutions and researchers of relevant literature were analyzed, and Ucinet 6.0 software was used to draw the social network graph of the researchers and to analyze their internal relations. The subject words of related literatures were extracted. The relationship among the subject words in related literatures was arranged according to the centrality by NetDraw in Ucinet 6.0 software, the bibliographic information co-occurrence analysis system software (BICOMS2 software) was used to classify the subject words and the visualization matrix was generated. The graph clustering tool software (gCLUTO software) was used to cluster the subject words, and the visualization surface graph was generated to analyze the current research hot spot, research trend and research direction of G + bacteria-induced sepsis. Results:A total of 1 976 literatures about sepsis caused by G + bacteria were retrieved, and 26 literatures in conference summaries, news reports, research information, missing content, or inconsistent with the theme were excluded. Finally, a total of 1 950 literatures were enrolled in final analysis. The number of published literatures analysis showed that from 1979 to 1992, there were few studies about sepsis caused by G + bacteria, which increased geometrically from 2008, and the number of literatures published from 2008 to 2018 was 1 144, accounting for 58.67% (1 144/1 950). From 1979 to 2019, 23 high-yield institutions published more than 5 literatures, of which 6 were institutions with 10 or more literatures, and only one institution with more than 20 literatures. There were only 5 journals with more than 100 articles, 5 381 authors involved in the literatures, but few authors with more than 10 literatures published, and no inter-provincial or inter-municipal cooperation was found. A social network analysis of 103 high-frequency subject words that appeared more than 5 times showed that the study of sepsis caused by G + bacteria mainly focused on "sepsis", including the incidence of sepsis caused by drug resistant Staphylococcus aureus was on the rise, especially in newborns and children with weakened immune systems, the selection of therapeutic drugs gradually developed to glycopeptides with strong anti-drug resistance and synthetic oxazolidinones. The research and development of drugs for the treatment of sepsis caused by G + bacteria might become a new research direction or field in the future. Cluster analysis of 103 high-frequency subject words showed that the research hot spots of G + bacteria-induced sepsis mainly focused on five topics, namely early diagnosis of sepsis; bacterial infection pathway of sepsis, nosocomial infection and bacterial drug resistance; the basis of epidemiological prevention and treatment of sepsis; venous catheter infection-related sepsis; the treatment, nursing and prognosis of patients with sepsis. Conclusion:The studies of sepsis caused by G + bacteria are winning more and more attention, but the resources sharing and academic exchanges among hospitals need to be further improved.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800642

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effects of the classical prescriptions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine on the lipid metabolism disorder and changes of intestinal microflora in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*Methods@#A total of 120 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into the two group according to the treatment order, with 60 patients in each group. Both groups were given conventional hypoglycemic therapy, the control group was given bifidobacteria lactobacillus triple viable tablets, and the treatment group was given Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated with 14 days for one course and 4 courses in total. The number of gram-positive coccus (G+c), gram-negative coccus (G-c), gram-positive bacillus (G+b) and gram-negative bacillus (G-b) in each 500 bacteria were observed under oil microscope, and the cocci/bacillus ratio were calculated. The TC and TG were detected by oxidase method, and HDL and LDL were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. TCM symptom scores were calculated.@*Results@#After treatment, the abdominal distension, congestion discomfort, and constipation score were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.685, 3.551 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05); Serum TG, TC and LDL-c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.602, 3.581 and 3.421, respectively, all Ps<0.05); HDL-c level was significantly higher than that of the control group (t=3.358, P=0.046); Serum FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.502, 3.271 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the G-c (271.47/500 ± 22.63/500 vs. 266.81/500 ± 22.36/500, t=3.792), G+b (81.26/500 ± 6.52/500 vs. 73.19/500 ± 6.94/500, t=3.511), G-b (183.76/500 ± 16.19/500 vs. 164.37/500 ± 15.83/500, t=3.306) levels in the treatment group significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, both c/b levels was (0.65 ± 0.13 vs. 0.87 ± 0.21, t=3.325) decreased significantly (P<0.05).@*Conclusions@#Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine can improve the clinical symptoms of T2DM patients, reduce blood glucose and lipid levels, and inhibit the body mass and improve insulin resistance by adjusting the structure of intestinal flora, increasing probiotics and reducing pathogenic bacteria.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754737

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the ability of locking plate construct plus fibular autograft that varies in way of augmentation to withstand varus stresses in a model of proximal humeral fracture.Methods Wedge osteotomy was conducted in the humeral surgical necks of 12 shoulders from 6 cadaveric specimens to create models of proximal humeral fracture.There were 3 males and 3 females;their average age at death was 83 years (from 75 to 87 years).The 12 left and right cadaveric humeri were randomly divided into equal groups A and B (n =6) for autogenous iliac bone graft.All the fibular autografts were harvested without distinction from the thinnest and even part of the fibular shaft.A fibular autograft of 8 cm was placed vertically in group A while a fibular autograft of 6 cm was placed slantly in group B.After the fractures were fixated with the proximal humerus internal fixation locking system (PHILOS),varus stress was repeatedly applied to the proximal humerus until the internal fixation failed in the fracture model.The 2 groups were compared in terms of number of compression,number of compression leading to 1 mm deformation,and average shape variable after each press.Results Cut-out of the lateral cortex of the humeral head by the humeral screw and plate loosening to different extents were observed in both groups.The number of compression leading to internal fixation failure was 31,338 ± 5,994 for group A and 30,608 ± 8,015 for group B;the number of compression leading to 1 mm deformation was 2,808 ± 1,501 for group A and 3,153 ±2,024 for group B;the average shape variable after each press was 0.52 ±0.39 μm/time for group A and 0.53 ±0.47 μm/time for group B.All the above comparisons between the 2 groups showed no significant differences (P > 0.05).Conclusion As locking plate construct plus slant fibular autograft augmentation provides no more strength to withstand repetitive varus stresses than locking plate construct plus vertical fibular autograft augmentation,it is not necessary to adopt the former way of augmentation in clinic practice for proximal humeral fracture.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823588

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of the classical prescriptions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine on the lipid metabolism disorder and changes of intestinal microflora in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods A total of 120 patients who met the inclusion criteria were divided into the two group according to the treatment order, with 60 patients in each group. Both groups were given conventional hypoglycemic therapy, the control group was given bifidobacteria lactobacillus triple viable tablets, and the treatment group was given Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction on the basis of the control group. Both groups were treated with 14 days for one course and 4 courses in total. The number of gram-positive coccus (G+c), gram-negative coccus (G-c), gram-positive bacillus (G+b) and gram-negative bacillus (G-b) in each 500 bacteria were observed under oil microscope, and the cocci/bacillus ratio were calculated. The TC and TG were detected by oxidase method, and HDL and LDL were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. The FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c were detected by automatic biochemical analyzer. TCM symptom scores were calculated. Results After treatment, the abdominal distension, congestion discomfort, and constipation score were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.685, 3.551 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05); Serum TG, TC and LDL-c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.602, 3.581 and 3.421, respectively, all Ps<0.05); HDL-c level was significantly higher than that of the control group (t=3.358, P=0.046); Serum FPG, 2 hPG and HbA1c levels were significantly lower than the control group (t values were 3.502, 3.271 and 3.708, respectively, all Ps<0.05). After treatment, the G-c (271.47/500 ± 22.63/500 vs. 266.81/500 ± 22.36/500, t=3.792), G+b (81.26/500 ± 6.52/500 vs. 73.19/500 ± 6.94/500, t=3.511), G-b (183.76/500 ± 16.19/500 vs. 164.37/500 ± 15.83/500, t=3.306) levels in the treatment group significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). After treatment, both c/b levels was (0.65 ± 0.13 vs. 0.87 ± 0.21, t=3.325) decreased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions Dahuang-Huanglian-Xiexin decoction combined with conventional western medicine can improve the clinical symptoms of T2DM patients, reduce blood glucose and lipid levels, and inhibit the body mass and improve insulin resistance by adjusting the structure of intestinal flora, increasing probiotics and reducing pathogenic bacteria.

16.
Practical Oncology Journal ; (6): 329-334, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611376

ABSTRACT

Objective The objectives of this study were to investigate the clinical significance of CD39,CD73,double positive subgroups for CD39 and CD73,and other lymphocytes with clinicopathological parameters in the microenvironment of colorectal cancer.Methods Tumor infiltrating lymphocyte(TIL)was collected from 24 patients with colorectal cancer after radical resection.The expression of CD39+,CD73+ or CD39+ with CD73+ in T cells were measured by flow cytometry.The association between these subgroups and clinicopathologic parameters was analyzed.Results The CD73+ and CD39+ with CD73+ subgroups were associated with lymph node metastasis and poor degree of differentiation,and this mechanism was closely related to tumor-associated inflammation.Conclusion CD39+ with CD73+ colorectal tumor infiltration Treg has a more unique biological activity than other Treg group.This study provides a new idea and theoretical basis for predicting the prognosis of colorectal cancer.

17.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 293-298, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194784

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to increase knowledge regarding the dangers associated with tobacco use, and decrease secondhand smoke exposure and tobacco use behaviors with an antitobacco messaging campaign among rural, medically underserved, blue-collar workers. METHODS: A quasiexperimental study was conducted with employees at two worksites. One worksite received the intervention, which consisted of nine different antitobacco messages. Baseline and follow-up surveys were conducted at each worksite to assess change in knowledge and behavior; the data were compared across the two worksites. RESULTS: Two hundred twenty-two and 243 participants completed baseline and follow-up surveys at the intervention and comparison sites, respectively. A statistically significant difference was seen over time between the worksites on knowledge of the dangers of tobacco (p < 0.0001); the mean knowledge score increased at the intervention site, but remained unchanged at the comparison site. In general, nonsmokers at both worksites appeared to try to decrease exposure to secondhand smoke over the follow-up period. Repeated measures analysis indicated that there were no differences in motivation to quit (p = 0.81), interest in quitting (p = 0.40), thinking about quitting (p = 0.53), or several tobacco-use behaviors over time among smokers at the intervention and comparison worksites. There were slight increases over time in the proportion of smokers who do not allow smoking in their homes/vehicles at the intervention worksite, although not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Participants at the intervention worksite increased their knowledge regarding the dangers of tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure. Among current tobacco users, the intervention appeared to increase family rules regarding secondhand smoke exposure in their homes and vehicles.


Subject(s)
Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Motivation , Smoke , Smoking , Thinking , Tobacco Smoke Pollution , Tobacco Use , Tobacco Use Cessation , Tobacco , Workplace
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471654

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveToinvestigatethecorrelationofaspirinresistance(AR),genepolymorphismof platelet membrane glycoprotein (GP)Ⅱb HPA-3 and recurrent ischemic stroke. Methods The consecutive patients w ith acute ischemic stroke and gender, age-matched healthy subjects w ere enrol ed. Adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and arachidonic acid (AA) w ere used as inducing agents. The platelet aggregation rate (PAgT) was detected by flow cytometry. AR was defined as PAgTADP≥39.27% and PAgTAA≥34.27%. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism w as used to detect the GPⅡbHPA-3 genotype. Results A total of 224 patients w ith acute ischemic stroke (case group) and 98 healthy subjects (control group) were enroled. In the case group, 162 patients had the first-ever stroke (first-ever stroke group) and 62 had recurrent stroke (recurrent stroke group). The incidence of AR in the case group w as 15.18%, in w hich the incidence of AR in the recurrent group w as significantly higher than that in the first-ever stroke group (27.42%vs.10.49%; χ2 =9.977, P=0.002). The frequencies of bb genotype ( P=0.004) and b alele (P=0.001) in the recurrent group were significantly higher than those in the first-ever stroke group. In the case group, the frequencies of bb genotype ( P=0.028) and b alele (P=0.004) in the AR group w ere significantly higher than those in the non-AR group. Multivariable logistic regression analysis show ed that AR (odds ratio [OR] 2.933, 95%confidence interval [CI] 1.326-6.486;P=0.008) and bb genotype (OR 2.198, 95%CI1.164-4.149, P=0.015) w ere the independent risk factors for recurrent ischemic stroke. Conclusions AR and GP Ⅱb HPA-3 bb genotype are associated w ith recurrent ischemic stroke.

19.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1338-1340, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-469796

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effects of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) gel in the treatment of [Ⅳ stage pressure ulcers.Methods A total of 12 patients with stage Ⅳ pressure ulcers were treated with PRP gel from December 2012 to December 2013 in our department.The PRP gel was formed by autologous PRP mixed with thrombin and calcium chloride.The PRP gel was applied to the wound after dressing.Time intervals between dressing were 4 days.Overall pressure ulcer improvement was assessed every week until complete wound healing.Results All stage Ⅳ pressure ulcer wound infection was controlled and fresh granulation tissue was found after 2 times of PRP gel covering.The time of ulcer wound healing were 6-10 weeks (mean 8 weeks).The times of changing the PRP gel were 16.No patients experienced adverse reactions during treatment.Conclusions PRP gel can effectively control the pressure ulcer infection and promote ulcer wound healing.

20.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 2181-2183, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452634

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence situation of women′s pelvic floor functional disorder in a region.Methods Using the stratified random sampling method,the questionnaire survey was performed and the risk factors of women′s pelvic floor functional disorder were analyzed by the logistic regression.Results Among 3 000 copies of questionnaires,2 913 copies of ques-tionnaire were actually effective.The prevalence rate of pelvic floor functional disorder was 54.7%(1 145/2 913),in which the prevalence rates of stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse were 39.3%(1 145/2 913)and 15.4% (449/2 913)re-spectively.Stress urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse were positively correlated with the increase of age,and the other risk factors included transvaginal childbirth and pregnancy,long term constipation,long-term heavy physical labor,menopause and transvaginal hysterectomy,the differences among above factors had statistical significance(P<0.05).Conclusion The prevalence rate of pelvic floor functional disorder in surveyed women is higher,the related knowledge is poorly understood by them.

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