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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910134

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of prenatal ultrasound in predicting delivery mode of full-term primipara.Methods:The study prospectively enrolled primiparas with gestational age ≥37 weeks, singleton, cephalic and no contraindications to vaginal delivery who underwent routine prenatal examination in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from September 2020 to February 2021.In addition to routine fetal ultrasound examination, the transperineal ultrasound examination was performed to assess the angle of progression (AOP), head perineum distance (HPD), the angle of pubic arch and the anteroposterior diameter, left and right diameter, area and perimeter of levator ani hiatus of pregnant women in different states were measured; Cervical length (CL) was examined by transvaginal ultrasound. The delivery mode was tracked, and the indicators related to natural delivery were screened out. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the effectiveness of relevant indicators in predicting natural delivery.Results:A total of 142 cases were included in this study, including 112 cases of natural delivery and 30 cases of manual intervention delivery. There were no significant differences in age, gestational weeks, biparietal diameter, head circumference, body mass index (BMI) and neonatal weight between the natural delivery group and the manual intervention delivery group (all P>0.05). Multivariate regression analysis showed that AOP was associated with natural delivery( OR=1.048, P=0.008). ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve was 0.648 with AOP 96.92° as the node, and the specificity and positive predictive values were 83.33% and 0.909 1 respectively. Conclusions:It is feasible to predict the mode of delivery by prenatal ultrasound in full-term primiparas. AOP is related to the mode of delivery, which can provide more reference information for clinical practice.

2.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 547-550, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876364

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between sleep and exercise among grade 1-6 students in a certain city during the period of home based online courses in the epidemic, and to provide reference basis for the government and relevant departments to make relevant policies on student health promotion.@*Methods@#From April 22 to May 14 in 2020, 24 452 primary school students were selected by stratified cluster random sampling method to network questionnaire survey, which included general situation, sleep time,and exercise.@*Results@#Totally 21.6% of primary school students participated in low intensity exercise, 9.4% in moderate intensity exercise and 5.8% in high intensity exercise every day. Less than 10% of the students participated in all types of intense sports for more than 30 minutes each time. The report rate of sleep deprivation among students in grades 1 to 6 was 22.5%, 25.5%, 28.9%, 31.3%, 35.0%, 39.9%, respectively(χ 2=350.75, P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gender, grade, oneness and other factors, high intensity exercise was negatively correlated with sleep deprivation(OR=0.91, 95%CI=0.86-0.97).@*Conclusion@#Insufficient sleep is common among primary students, and appropriate amount of high intensity exercise is a favorable factor to ensure adequate sleep time in primary school students.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798670

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the formation mechanism of the weakening of village clinic′s medical service capacity in the context of new medical reform.@*Methods@#Purposive sampling method was used to enroll 38 rural doctors and managers of rural health centers and health offices in the interview from October 2015 to November 2015. And grounded theory was adopted to analyze reasons and their mechanism of the weakening of village clinic′ s medical service capacity.@*Results@#29 first-grade categories and 7 second-grade categories were worked out in text encoding. With the implementation of the ongoing healthcare reform, support from financial, policy and technology increased significantly, but due to the synthetic action of unexpected negative effects of the reform, superposition and accumulation of disturbance and ineffective support, village clinic′ s medical service capacity began to weaken.@*Conclusions@#The weakened village clinic′ s medical service capacity is a result of the synthetic action of 3 reasons. The persistence of this status will intensify the vulnerability of rural health service system and be bad for the implementation of hierarchical medical policy and the strategy of rural vitalization. Measures should be taken to optimization the essential medicine system, establish a comprehensive assessment mechanism for basic medical service and basic public health service of village clinic, strength the strategic purchasing of medical insurance, improve the financial compensation mechanism, and complete training system of village doctors, aims to promoting sustainable development of village clinic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798669

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the current status of village doctors′ vulnerability in Shandong province in the context of ongoing healthcare reform.@*Methods@#A cross-section study was conducted from October 2015 to November 2015 based on a self-designed questionnaire for village doctors. The questionnaire included 6 parts: fundamental state, disturbance from surroundings, disturbance from job, emotional support, instrumental support and self-ability of village doctors. Mean and standard deviation were adopted to describe the level of disturbance and support. Quadrant analysis was adopted to analyze village doctors′ vulnerability. The set pair analysis was adopted to calculate the vulnerability index and sample cluster analysis was adopted to classify village doctors based on the vulnerability index.@*Results@#The total disturbance score was 3.39±0.46, and contribution from professional risk was the biggest(19.95%). The self-ability score was 3.33±0.40, and contribution from financial support was the smallest(4.09%). According to the set pair analysis, village doctors′ vulnerability total score was 0.49±0.06, ranging in a medium category. According to the sample cluster analysis, 27.2%(277/1 018)of the village doctors stayed at the upper category, as 30.3%(309/1 018) was defined as a medium category. According to the quadrant analysis, 35.5%(361/1 018)of the village doctors were found as in crisis vulnerability.@*Conclusions@#In general, village doctors′ vulnerability stays in the medium category. They have to fight against high disturbance from surroundings, with more emotional support and less financial support expected.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798668

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To define the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability.@*Methods@#On the basis of document analysis, Delphic method was used to consult and argument the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability from October 2015 to November 2015.@*Results@#Twenty and 16 specialists were consulted in two rounds of the consulting. According to these consultations, the acceptance rate of the specialists for the seven consulting units increased from 74.29% to 93.16%.@*Conclusions@#The vulnerability of village doctors was identified, as a status in which their self-ability and support against their exterior environment could not to cope with the disturbances they faced, while the vulnerability was co-determined by disturbance and response ability of village doctors.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the cognition and willingness of nursing staff to Internet plus nursing service, and analyze the related factors that affect their participation in Internet plus nursing service.Methods:From April to May 2019, 150 nurses from three hospitals in Weifang were investigated by questionnaire and key person interview. Descriptive analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the intention of nursing staff to participate in Internet plus nursing service. The interview mode was used to analyze the appropriate mode of Internet plus nursing service from the perspective of nursing staff.Results:142 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 137(96.5%)indicated willingness to provide Internet plus nursing services, and 135(95.1%) realized the necessity of the service. Education, marriage, nurses′judgment on the necessity of the service and their own subjective judgment of their competence were the factors affecting nurses′ participation in the Internet plus nursing service.Conclusions:Multiple factors affect the choice of nursing staff′s behavior in Internet plus nursing service.From the perspective of nursing staff, the Internet plus nursing service mode needs joint efforts from many aspects.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872210

ABSTRACT

Objective:To define the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability.Methods:On the basis of document analysis, Delphic method was used to consult and argument the connotation of village doctors′ vulnerability from October 2015 to November 2015.Results:Twenty and 16 specialists were consulted in two rounds of the consulting. According to these consultations, the acceptance rate of the specialists for the seven consulting units increased from 74.29% to 93.16%.Conclusions:The vulnerability of village doctors was identified, as a status in which their self-ability and support against their exterior environment could not to cope with the disturbances they faced, while the vulnerability was co-determined by disturbance and response ability of village doctors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872209

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the formation mechanism of the weakening of village clinic′s medical service capacity in the context of new medical reform.Methods:Purposive sampling method was used to enroll 38 rural doctors and managers of rural health centers and health offices in the interview from October 2015 to November 2015. And grounded theory was adopted to analyze reasons and their mechanism of the weakening of village clinic′ s medical service capacity.Results:29 first-grade categories and 7 second-grade categories were worked out in text encoding. With the implementation of the ongoing healthcare reform, support from financial, policy and technology increased significantly, but due to the synthetic action of unexpected negative effects of the reform, superposition and accumulation of disturbance and ineffective support, village clinic′ s medical service capacity began to weaken.Conclusions:The weakened village clinic′ s medical service capacity is a result of the synthetic action of 3 reasons. The persistence of this status will intensify the vulnerability of rural health service system and be bad for the implementation of hierarchical medical policy and the strategy of rural vitalization. Measures should be taken to optimization the essential medicine system, establish a comprehensive assessment mechanism for basic medical service and basic public health service of village clinic, strength the strategic purchasing of medical insurance, improve the financial compensation mechanism, and complete training system of village doctors, aims to promoting sustainable development of village clinic.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872201

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the current status of village doctors′ vulnerability in Shandong province in the context of ongoing healthcare reform.Methods:A cross-section study was conducted from October 2015 to November 2015 based on a self-designed questionnaire for village doctors. The questionnaire included 6 parts: fundamental state, disturbance from surroundings, disturbance from job, emotional support, instrumental support and self-ability of village doctors. Mean and standard deviation were adopted to describe the level of disturbance and support. Quadrant analysis was adopted to analyze village doctors′ vulnerability. The set pair analysis was adopted to calculate the vulnerability index and sample cluster analysis was adopted to classify village doctors based on the vulnerability index.Results:The total disturbance score was 3.39±0.46, and contribution from professional risk was the biggest(19.95%). The self-ability score was 3.33±0.40, and contribution from financial support was the smallest(4.09%). According to the set pair analysis, village doctors′ vulnerability total score was 0.49±0.06, ranging in a medium category. According to the sample cluster analysis, 27.2%(277/1 018)of the village doctors stayed at the upper category, as 30.3%(309/1 018) was defined as a medium category. According to the quadrant analysis, 35.5%(361/1 018)of the village doctors were found as in crisis vulnerability.Conclusions:In general, village doctors′ vulnerability stays in the medium category. They have to fight against high disturbance from surroundings, with more emotional support and less financial support expected.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756685

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the implementation effects of China′s contracted service policy for family physicians. Methods Systematic evaluation method was used to extract, describe and analyze the literature information of the research on the implementation effect of family physicians contracted service policy. Results A total of 80 papers of four types were rounded up, including 47 on the effect of health management on patients with chronic diseases, 11 on the effect of health management on the elderly, 15 on the effect on the first diagnosis in the community, and 7 on the effect on the control of medical expenses.The research is mostly distributed in the developed areas in the east. The family physicians contracted service promotes the health management effect of patients with chronic diseases and the elderlies, improves the first visit ratio of residents at their community, and effectively controls the medical expenses.Existing research shows that such a service has achieved initial success.However, the research also identified such common problems as the shortage and low competence of family physicians, low quality, resource integration and inadequate policy publicity. Conclusions The contracted service policy in China has begun to play the role of " health gatekeeper" and " cost gatekeeper" to some extent.It is suggested to strengthen the training of general practitioners, establish and perfect incentive mechanism, and improve the construction of information platform, while the implementation effect of contracted services for family physicians deserve further study in a broader scope, deeper level and design specifications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756684

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the policy texts related to the contracted service of family physicians, and probe into the key points and existing problems of the policy in the process of promoting the contracted service of family physicians in China, for the purpose of providing references for the optimization and perfection of the system. Methods A total of 54 relevant policy texts issued by the Central Government from 2011 to 2019 were selected, for establishing a two-dimensional analysis framework based on policy tools and stakeholders.By means of quantitative analysis of policy text and literature research method, we analyzed the relevant policy texts. Results Study of the 54 texts found 52.8% (124/235)mentioned commands and regulatory tool use, 27.2% (64/235) mentioned capacity building tool use, 13.2% (31/235) mentioned information and exhortation tool use, 5.1% (12/235)only mentioned incentive tool use, and 1.7% (4/235) only mentioned system change tool use; while most of them(34.3% and 32.7% )mentioned government and physicians, and only a few(17.6% and 15.4% )mentioned patients and medical entities. Conclusions It is suggested to optimize the policy tools mixture, and increase the use of incentive tools to physicians, and explore new forms of system change tools.It is also proposed to pay more attention to resource allocation of primary medical institutions, and to patient awareness and satisfaction.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756683

ABSTRACT

The family physicians contracted service is an important means to promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and realize healthy Chinese strategy. With the continuous introduction of family physicians contracted service policy, it is very important to raise awareness, effectively promote and put into place.This study analyzed the family physicians contracted service policy from the perspective of public policy, and used the multiple streams theory framework to analyze the driving factors of the policy proposed. In addition, it explored the influence of problem stream, policy stream, and political stream on the policy launch process.These efforts can help improvement the policy awareness in the process, and help ensure sustainable progress of the policy.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3053-3056, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817440

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish a method for simultaneous determination of gallic acid, cinnamic acid and catechin in 3 processed products of Rheum officinale. METHODS: RP-HPLC method was established. The determination was performed on Thermo ScientificTM Hypersil GOLD Dim column with mobile phase consisted of methanol-0.1% phosphoric acid solution (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was set at 278 nm, and the column temperature was 30 ℃. The sample size was 10 μL. RESULTS: The linear range of gallic acid, cinnamic acid and catechin were 0.126 2-1.262 0 μg(r=0.999 9), 0.036 2-0.362 0  μg(r=0.999 9) and 0.177 9-1.779 4 μg(r=0.999 8), respectively. Quantitative limits were 25.4, 28.2, 62.5 ng, and detection limits were 6.2, 3.6, 11.8 ng, respectively. RSDs of precision, stability, repeatability and durability tests were all less than 3%. The recoveries ranged from 94.64%-102.71%(RSD=2.74%, n=9), 95.35%-102.49%(RSD=2.44%, n=9), 93.56%-103.66%(RSD=3.27%, n=9). The determination results showed that the contents of gallic acid and cinnamic acid in prepared R. officinale were higher, and the order of both were prepared R. officinale>steamed R. officinale>raw R. officinale. The content of catechin in raw R. officinale was higher, and the order of it was raw R. officinale> steamed R. officinale>prepared R. officinale. CONCLUSIONS: The method is sensitive, reliable and reproducible. It can be used to determine the contents of gallic acid, cinnamic acid and catechins in 3 processed products of R. officinale simultaneously.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735129

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the motives and tactics of township health centers ( THC) to participate in the countywide medical communities of Shandong province. Methods Such tools as the new institutionalism, rational choice and social network theories, as well as the constituent ratios and Pearson correlation coefficient of data were used in a survey in August 2018 with managers of 264 THCs in Shandong. It aimed to learn from the respondents their motives, tactics, and behaviors to participate in such communities. Results Theoretical analysis of the results found that their participation was bound by both institutional environment and technical environment. For example, compliance tactics, accompanied by efficiency, was adopted to cope with stress from institutional environment. Exploratory tactics, accompanied by legitimacy, was adopted to cope with stress from technical environment. The figures showed 87. 5% of 264 THCs investigated participated in such communities, and their main motives were in turn to follow government requests (86. 1% ) and to seek development opportunities (69. 7% ). The critical criteria of partner selection were in turn technological level (83. 5% ) and matching of resources (77. 9% ). Of 231 THCs which participated in the communities, 95. 2% joined in countywide medical communities, and 28. 6% participated in other forms of medical alliances. Conclusions THCs showed high organizational convergence in their participation, and adopted diversified strategies of participation in medical alliance.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735128

ABSTRACT

The policy model of G. C. Edwards was used to study the policies on building a countywide medical community ( CMC), and identify problems in such aspects as policy communication, resources, disposition and bureaucratic structure. The analysis found that enriching health resources at primary level and powerful government support are creating ideal environment for the construction of CMC. But due to its preliminary development, rooms of improvement of its policy design, and unclear enforcement standards, there appear behavioral polarizations at local health authorities. For example, some are proactive to explore and accumulate rich experiences, while the most take a wait and see stand, or even take administrative means to cope with their authorities by forming medical communities in form only. A small part of county hospitals, thanks to support from the government and inherent conditions, take active measures in this direction as policy frontrunners. On the other hand, most county hospitals prefer to be policy followers in order to avoid cost and risks of the reform. In the worst cases, a few county hospitals have become free riders of the policy, and attempt to take advantages of their primary health institutions. Primary health institutions warmly embrace CMC, but their limited service capability constitutes roadblocks in CMC construction. What is more, poor communication and collaboration mechanisms among systems and authorities hinder the effective policy synergy and health service integration of CMS.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712625

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze problems in the development of medical service at private hospitals, and provide references for promoting the development of these hospitals and implementing policies for encouraging this sector′s growth. Methods The data were collected from the statistical yearbook published by the National Health Commission of the People′s Republic of China, and descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the medical service workload and medical service efficiency of private hospitals in China since the new healthcare reform. Results Private hospitals accounted for 56. 39% of the total number of hospitals in China, accounting for 21. 69% of beds by the end of 2016. From the perspective of medical service workload, the service volume of these hospitals had increased yet at a small pace. The number of patients and inpatients received accounted for 12. 90% and 15. 84% respectively of all the hospitals in China. From the point of service efficiency, by the end of 2016, the bed utilization ratio was 62. 8%, the daily medical visits to their doctors were 5. 5 persons-times, and the daily number of hospitalized beds per doctor was 2. 2 beds. These numbers lag far behind public hospitals. The development of private hospitals varied with regions in imbalance. Conclusions Improving the social image, attracting talents and improving service quality are key to improving the medical service capacity of private hospitals.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712588

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for bettering online health information supply and meeting residents' health needs by analyzing residents' access to and utilization rate of online health information. Methods 1 460 residents aged 18 years or above and having experienced medical visits themselves or accompanying others in one year were surveyed in June 2016. The survey covered their access to online health information and the utilization rate. χ2test, variance analysis, and important quadrant derivation model were used in the data analysis. Results 84.5% of the respondents used mobile phones as the most popular tool for accessing health information on the Internet, with more women than men. The importance quadrant analysis found that the residents have the highest utilization rate (72.6% ) of search engines, yet the reliability scoring of such engines was the lowest ( 62.8 ). Professional medical health websites scored the highest in reliability (81.8), yet the lowest utilization rate (2.1% ). Conclusions Search engines require stronger scrutiny to improve their information quality. Professional health and medical institutions'websites are encouraged to step up health information promotions, and health management Apps should be regulated in their development, to create convenient and reliable online health information platforms.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712587

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide reference for service optimization of information suppliers and doctors through analyzing the residents'value cognition and utilization of online health information.Methods Questionnaires were distributed in June 2016 to 1 460 residents aged 18 or above and having experienced medical visits themselves or accompanying others in one year. They were surveyed to learn their health information cognition and utilization behavior. The data so acquired were subject to constituent ratio and Chi square test analysis. Results In terms of their use of online health information, 58.5% of the respondents would consult relevant information before medical visits, 64.3% would verify the doctor's diagnosis online following such visits. In case of any inconsistences, 28.2% of them would seek second opinion at another hospital. Statistical differences were discovered in the cognitive difference of residents of different sexes on "internet health information inquiry can relieve tension" , and in the utilization difference of residents of different ages and educational on " whether to consult online health information before medical visits" ( P<0.05). Conclusions The residents'value cognition of online health information is rational in general, but there are also some cognitive behaviors worthy of notice. Information conflicts may incur doctor-patient conflicts and repetitive medical visits. Stakeholders should ensure the professionalism and quality of the information providers. The doctors should master the communication skills and pay attention to the potential impact of online health information.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712578

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the causes, characteristics and solutions of medical complaints against five tertiary general hospitals in Shandong province, and provide references for the hospitals to improve their quality of care and to build a harmonious relationship between doctors and patients. Methods A retrospective analysis method was used to analyze the causes, solutions and subjects of 1 049 medical complaints against five tertiary general hospitals in Shandong province from 2012 to 2015. Results Among the departments complained, orthopedics(165 cases, 15.7% ), and obstetrics and gynecology(136 cases, 13.0% )topped the rest. The causes of complaints mainly focued on the quality and effect of surgery(355 cases, 33.8% ), diagnosis and treatment(269 cases, 25.6% ), and service attitude(204 cases, 19.4% ). For outpatient/emergency departments, the patients mostly complained on " service attitude" (125 cases, 36.1% ), while the causes of complaints by inpatients were mainly " quality of surgery and effects" (332 cases, 44.8% ). In terms of the dispute solution pathways, consultation between doctors and patients became the most useful one(353 cases, 84.5%), and the third-party mediation approach(56 cases, 13.4% )also played an important role. Conclusions The hospitals should comprehensively strengthen their medical quality management, improve the quality of " service contact" and patient satisfaction. They are also recommended to establish a perfect complaint handling mechanism for higher patient satisfaction. The government should set up specialized courts for medical disputes and improve the efficiency of judicial solution of such disputes.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712516

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the resources allocation and service provision of hospital rehabilitation departments in China from 2009 to 2016, for finding problems and providing references for improvement of hospital rehabilitation system in China. Methods Using the statistical yearbook of health and family planning in China from 2010 to 2017,descriptive analysis was made to describe the rehabilitation service and resources allocation of hospital rehabilitation departments in China in recent years. Results From the perspective of service volume, the quantity of rehabilitative services was increasing year by year, and the number of patients discharged from the hospital has increased rapidly among the total number of hospital discharged inpatients countrywide. By the end of 2016, this proportion was 1.26%. From the perspective of resources allocation, by the end of 2016, the proportion of the rehabilitation beds was just 2.62% of all hospital beds. Personnel staffing was poor by the end of 2016, as there were only 0.02 practicing rehabilitation doctors (assistants) per every 1 000 population. Conclusions It is imperative to strengthen the resources of hospital rehabilitation departments, increase the number of hospital beds and personnel,and improve the pay for these staff, to ensure their service capability. It is also an important guarantee to provide the people with healthcare that is all-dimensional and full lifecycle.

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