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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Ophthalmology ; (12): 21-28, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931028

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSC) on the apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in diabetic retinopathy (DR) model rats and on the regulation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK) pathway.Methods:Forty-five SPF male 8-week old SD rats were selected.The DR rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ) combined with a high-sugar and high-fat diet.The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body weight of the rats were measured every week during the high-sugar and high-fat diet, and fundus angiography was used to observe the circulation and leakage of retinal blood vessels.Forty rats with successful modeling were randomly divided into model group and hUC-MSC injection group according to the random number table method, with 20 rats in each group.Another 20 normal rats fed routinely were served as control group, and intraperitoneally injected with the same amount of citric acid buffer.The hUC-MSC injection group was injected intravitreously with hUC-MSC, and the control group and model group were injected intravitreously with the same amount of phosphate buffer saline (PBS). Fluoro gold (FG) retrograde tracer labeling RGCs was used to observe the number of survived RGCs.Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to observe the pathological changes of retina.TUNEL method was used to observe the apoptosis of RGCs.Western blot was used to detect B cell lymphoma /leukemia-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), p38MAPK and phosphorylated (p-) p38MAPK protein expression in retinal tissues.The use and care of the rats complied with the ARVO statement.The study protocol was approved by an Animal Ethics Committee of Zhengzhou central Hospital Affiliated to Zhengzhou University (NO.2980316).Results:The FBG of control rats was maintained at a normal level, and the body weight gradually increased over time, and was gradually decreased as the course of disease prolonged.The retinal blood vessels ran normally without fluorescein leakage in the control group.In the modeling group, the FBG was maintained at a high level, and the body weight increased slowly and gradually decreased with the prolongation of the disease course since the second week after modeling.The distal retinal vessels were found twisted with large area of capillary fluorescein leakage in the modeling group.The density of RGCs in the control group, model group and hUC-MSC injection group were (2 136.10±215.17), (849.40±167.82), (1 549.20±183.26) cells/mm 2, with significant overall differences ( F=115.218, P<0.01). The density of RGCs in the model group and the hUC-MSC injection group were significantly lower than that of the control group, and the density of RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group was significantly higher than that of the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The retina in the control group was with clear structure, distinct layers, and a large number of complete RGCs.The number of RGCs in the model group was significantly reduced with nuclear pyknosis, thinned and atrophied RGC layer.The retinal structure was relatively complete, and there were more RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group than the model group.The apoptosis rates of RGCs in the control group, model group and hUC-MSC injection group were (2.16±1.11)%, (43.47±2.26)%, (20.75±2.18)%, with significant overall difference ( F=445.159, P<0.01). The apoptosis rates of RGCs in the model group and hUC-MSC injection group were significantly higher than that of the control group, and the apoptosis rate of RGCs in the hUC-MSC injection group was lower than that of the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). There were statistically significant differences in the relative expression levels of Bax, Bcl-2 and p-p38MAPK proteins in the retina tissues among the three groups ( F=30.982, 12.526, 73.158, all at P<0.01). The relative expression of Bax and p-p38MAPK protein were significantly higher, and the relative expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly lower in the hUC-MSC injection group and the hUC-MSC injection group than those of the control group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). The relative expression of Bax and p-p38MAPK protein was significantly lower, and the relative expression of Bcl-2 protein was significantly higher in the hUC-MSC injection group than those in the model group, and the differences were statistically significant (all at P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the relative expression of p38MAPK protein among the three groups ( F=1.182, P=0.322). Conclusions:Intravitreal injection of hUC-MSC can inhibit the apoptosis of RGCs in DR model rats and protect the retinal structure of rats, which may play an anti-apoptotic effect by inhibiting the p38MAPK signaling pathway.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 455-461, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912357

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of erigeron breviscapus (EBHM) on ocular hypertension and the protective effect of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in rats by regulating mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway.Methods:Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group, model group, low-dose EBHM group (group A), medium-dose EBHM group (group B), and high-dose EBHM group (group C) by random number table method. There were 12 rats in the group, the left eye was used as the experimental eye. The rats of model group, group A, group B, and group C were infused with normal saline through the anterior chamber to construct an acute ocular hypertension model; the control group was given general anesthesia only. Then, 2-30 days after modeling, rats in the control group and model group were given 3 ml of normal saline once a day; rats in group A, group B, and group C were given 0.30, 0.45, and 0.60 g/100 g EBHM by intragastric administration, respectively, 1 time/d. The rat intraocular pressure was measured before modeling and 1, 14, and 30 days after modeling, and the proportion of high intraocular pressure model was measured. Thirty days after modeling, hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of retinal tissue; immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the changes in the number of RGCs; real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect p38 in the retinas of rats in each group. The relative expression of MAPK and Caspase-3 mRNA; western blot was used to detect p38MAPK and phosphorylation in the retina of rats in each group relative expression of phosphorylate-p38MAPK (p-p38MAPK) and Caspase-3 protein. One-way analysis of variance was used for multi-sample comparison, and SNK-q test was used for comparison between two samples. Results:One day after modeling, none of the rats in the control group developed acute ocular hypertension, and the other groups were successfully modeled. Compared with the model group, the rates of acute ocular hypertension at 14 days after modeling in groups B and C were lower ( χ2=98.701, P<0.05), and the rates of acute ocular hypertension at 30 days after modeling in groups A, B, and C were 0. There was no statistically significant difference in the rates of acute ocular hypertension between 14 and 30 days after modeling in the A, B, and C groups ( P>0.05). The results of HE staining showed that the structure of the retina in the control group was complete, and the layers were clearly visible; the RGCs count was not abnormal, and the morphology was plump and round. The retina of rats in the model group became thinner; the number of RGCs was greatly reduced, the morphology was vacuolated, and the arrangement was sparse. The retina of rats in groups A, B, and C became thicker, and the number of RGCs increased, and the retina structure in group C was better restored. The results of immunofluorescence staining showed that the RGCs counts of rats in groups A, B, and C were higher than those in the model group, and the difference was statistically significant ( F=297.514, P<0.05); pairwise comparison between groups, group A was lower than that of group B and C Group ( q=2.842, 5.263), group B was lower than group C ( q=2.457), the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The results of RT-qPCR and Western blot showed that compared with the model group, the relative expression of Caspase-3 mRNA ( F=267.912) and protein ( F=692.279) and the relative expression of p-p38MAPK protein in the retina of rats in groups A, B and C. The expression level ( F=150.061) all decreased, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05); pairwise comparisons between groups showed that Caspase-3 mRNA ( q=6.977, 15.642) and protein ( q=6.997, 15.642) relative expression levels and p-p38MAPK protein ( q=12.443, 24.358) relative expression levels are lower than groups A and B, group B was lower than group A ( q=11.678, 12.471, 10.204), the difference was statistical academic significance ( P<0.05). Conclusions:EBHM can significantly reduce intraocular pressure in rats with acute ocular hypertension, increase RGCs counts, and reduce retinal damage. Its regulatory mechanism may be related to the MAPK pathway.

3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 335-338, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884666

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of microRNA (miR)-938, its effect on cell proliferation and its regulatory mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Methods:HCC and paracancerous tissues were collected from 40 patients with HCC who underwent surgical resection in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nantong University from January 2015 to June 2019, including 25 males and 15 females, with an average age of 61.4 years. HepG2 cells in the miR-938 overexpression group were transfected with miR-938 mimics, and the negative control group was transfected with the negative control sequence. Cell proliferation was detected by kit, the expression of miR-938 and the succinate dehydrogenase complex subunit D (SDHD) was detected by fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction, and SDHD protein expression was detected by Western blot. The target genes of miR-938 were verified by dual luciferase reporting.Results:The relative expression of miR-938 in HCC tissues was (0.060±0.002), which was higher than that in adjacent tissues (0.030±0.002), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). The mRNA relative expression of SDHD in HCC tissues was (0.028±0.002), lower than that in adjacent tissues (0.062±0.002), and the protein expression of SDHD in HCC tissues was (0.963±0.008), lower than that in adjacent tissues (1.083±0.037), with statistical significance (both P<0.05). The proliferation activity of miR-938 overexpression group was significantly higher than that of negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). MiR-938 significantly inhibited the luciferase activity of SDHD wild-type 3’-untranslated regions. In the overexpression miR-938 cells, SDHD mRNA and protein levels were significantly lower than those in the negative control group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:MiR-938 was highly expressed in HCC tissues. MiR-938 promoted the proliferation of HCC cells by inhibiting the expression of SDHD.

4.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 137-140, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876501

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore and analyze the risk factors of type 2 diabetes with kidney disease in Nanchong, Sichuan. Methods A retrospective analysis of 192 cases of type 2diabetic nephropathy (study group) and 224 cases of simple type 2 diabetes (control group) in Nanchong area was conducted. The general data and laboratory test results of the two groups were compared, and logistic regression analysis was used to explore the risk factors. Results In this study, there were a total of 353 patients with type 2diabetes complicated with kidney disease, and the incidence rate was 13.46%. The proportion of smoking and drinking, BMI, fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, creatinine and blood uric acid in the diabetic nephropathy group were higher than those in the simple diabetes group. The course of disease in the diabetic nephropathy group was longer than that in the simple diabetes group. Course of diabetes, smoking-history, BMI, glycosylated hemoglobin, total cholesterol, and serum uric acid were independent risk factors for type 2 diabetic kidney disease. Conclusion The occurrence and development of diabetic kidney disease is the result of the interaction of multiple factors such as the disease course, smoking, obesity, poor blood glucose control, total cholesterol and serum uric acid. Early detection and control of risk factors can delay the progression of diabetic kidney disease.

5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2554-2562, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887821

ABSTRACT

This study attempts to develop a reference substance for the live bacteria count of Streptococcicosis live vaccines in order to evaluate the validity of live bacterial count in inspection and testing. We prepared a batch of live Streptococcus suis reference substance for live bacterial count, tested their physical property, purity, vacuum degree, remaining moisture, and determined their homogeneity, thermal stability and transportation stability. Moreover, we organized collaborative calibration to assign count values to the reference substance and determine the shelf life of the reference substance in 12 months. The results showed that the physical property, the purity, the remaining moisture and the vacuum degree of the reference substance were all in compliance with the requirements of the Chinese Veterinary Pharmacopoeia. The homogeneity test showed that the coefficient of variation of the count of the reference substance was less than 10%, indicating a good homogeneity. Transportation stability test showed that the reference substance remained active after 72 h transportation in summer and winter with the package of styrofoam boxes and ice packs. Thermal stability test showed that the reference substance could be stored for up to 3 months at -20 °C, or up to 21 days at 4 °C. According to the collaborative calibration, the reference vaccine was assigned a count value range of (8.5-12.1)×107 CFU/ampoule. The shelf life test showed that the reference substance was stable for 12 months when stored at -70 °C. The reference substance could provide a reference for the live bacterial count of Streptococcicosis live vaccines. Moreover, it could also be used as a reference to evaluate the quality of corresponding agar media.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Load , Reference Standards , Vaccines, Attenuated
6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 2476-2481, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864799

ABSTRACT

Impaired awareness of hypoglycemia is an acquired complication of insulin therapy, which affects people with type 1 and insulin-treated type 2 diabetes mellitus, whereby the ability to perceive the onset of hypoglycemia becomes diminished or absent, which not only affects life health, but also causes fear of hypoglycemia , and causing a serious burden on the quality of life. The paper reviews the concept,the assessment tools,the occurrence,the influencing factors and intervention strategies of impaired awareness of hypoglycemia.In order to provide suggestions for the researches of impaired awareness of hypoglycemia in China.

7.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 985-987, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To optimize the inclusion process of volatile oil in Xiao' er Jiegan particle.Methods: β-Cyclodextrin was used as the inclusion material.Orthogonal experiments were performed,and the yield of volatile oil inclusion complex and the inclusion rate of volatile oil were taken as the indices to study the influence of inclusion temperature, inclusion time and the ratio of β-cyclodextrin to volatile oil (g∶ml) on the inclusion process.The β-CD-volatile oil inclusion complex was added to Xiao' er Jiegan particle and the stability studies were conducted as well.Results: The optimum volatile oils inclusion process of Xiao'er Jiegan particle was as follows: the inclusion temperature was 40℃, the inclusion time was 3 h , and the ratio of β-cyclodextrin to volatile oil (g∶ml) was 8∶1.The loss of volatile oil prepared by direct injection method was 51.27% after 6-month storage at room temperature, while that prepared by the inclusion method was only 3.13% after 24-month storage at room temperature.Conclusion: The optimized inclusion process of volatile oil is reasonable and feasible, and the stability of the prepared particle is also promising.

8.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 503-506, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512477

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare predictive power for deep vein thrombosis among hip and knee joint replacement patients using Autar scale and Wells scale.Methods Convenience sampling method was used.Totally 331 patients from ten tertiary hospitals receiving hip and knee joint replacement were recruited.General information questionnaire,Autar scale and Wells scale were used to collect data.Telephone follow-up was performed at 2 weeks,1 month and 3 months after hospital discharge.The primary endpoint of follow-up was occurrence of DVT,and the secondary endpoint was no occurrence of DVT within 3 months after hospital discharge.Results The Cronbach's α coefficients of Autar scale ranged from 0.716 to 0.762 for scores 24h before operation,24h after operation and at the day of discharge,and those of Wells scale ranged from 0.580 to 0.603.The area under the ROC curve of Autar scale ranged from 0.726 to 0.798.The area under the ROC curve of Wells scale ranged from 0.568 to 0.628.Conclusion The predictive power of Autar scale was higher than that of Wells scale which enabled Autar scale to better predict deep vein thrombosis for patients receiving hip and knee joint replacement.

9.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 4565-4574, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-495016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Perioperative high hidden blood loss affects the recovery of joint function after total hip replacement. OBJECTIVE:To analyze the reliability of the Mini Nutritional Assessment on evaluating the nutritional status in elderly patients with femoral neck fracture on admission, and to investigate the effect of nutritional status variation on hidden blood loss after total hip replacement. METHODS:234 elderly patients with femoral neck fracture underwent total hip replacement. By using Mini Nutritional Assessment, patients were randomly divided into three groups:wel-nourishment group (n=52), malnourishment at risk group (n=92), and malnourishment group (n=90). The results were used to analyze the correlation of Mini Nutritional Assessment and serological nutrition indicators, and to hidden blood loss. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:(1) Hidden blood loss:101 patients suffered from high hidden blood loss. Hidden blood loss, its proportion to total blood loss and incidence of high hidden blood loss gradual y increased with the deterioration of the nutritional status (P<0.05). (2) Mini Nutritional Assessment:Pre-operative Mini Nutritional Assessment score, and the incidence of hidden blood loss evaluated by albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, lymphocyte count, the percentage of lymphocytes and hemoglobin was significantly higher in patients with high hidden blood loss than those with low hidden blood loss (P<0.01). (3) Results of correlation analysis:High hidden blood loss was positively correlated with pre-operative Mini Nutritional Assessment, albumin, prealbumin, transferrin, the percentage of lymphocytes and hemoglobin (P<0.05). (4) These findings confirm that risk evaluation with Mini Nutritional Assessment is a reliable method to assess the nutritional status in elderly patients undergoing total hip replacement. Its combination with various serum nutrition indicators can determine high hidden blood loss and the prognosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 258-263, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349210

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of initiative and passive perioperative function exercises on hidden blood loss (HBL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundreds and thirty elderly patients with hip fractures aging from 67 to 87 years (average age of 73.6 years) who underwent total hip replacement were included. By the intensity and the manner of perioperative function exercises, patients were divided into four groups: little initiative function exercises group (group A, n=51), little initiative and passive function exercises group (group B, n=54), normal initiative function exercises group (group C, n=65), normal initiative and passive function exercises group (group D, n=60). The true total blood loss, HBL and their proportion on the original blood volume and total blood loss was calculated depending on height, weight, intra-operative blood loss, post-operative blood loss, pre- and post-operative hematocrit, and blood transfused. According to the proportion of mean HBL on total blood loss, patients were divided into low HBL group and high HBL group. The data were analyzed by t test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean HBL was 517 ml, 41.9% of the total blood loss. Thereinto, the mean HBL was 695 ml in group A, 49.3% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 66.7% (34/51); the mean HBL was 625 ml in group B, 46.9% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 59.3% (32/54); the mean HBL was 446 ml in group C, 38.4% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 30.8% (20/65); the mean HBL was 346 ml in group D, 32.3% of the total blood loss, the prevalence of high HBL was 20.0% (12/60). Mean HBL, mean HBL/total blood loss, prevalence of high HBL were lower in group C than that in group A and group B (all P<0.05); and were lower in group D than that in group C (all P<0.05). The prevalence was 57.4% (132 cases) in low HBL group, and 42.6% (98 cases) in high HBL. The proportion of little initiative function exercises patients in high HBL group was obviously higher than that in low HBL group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The intensity and the manner of perioperative function exercises are strongly associated with the HBL in elderly patients with total hip replacement. The initiative combined with the passive function exercises could be effectively prevent and reduce the incidence of high HBL.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Blood Loss, Surgical , Exercise Therapy , Hip Fractures , General Surgery , Postoperative Hemorrhage
11.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 519-523, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-737362

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and resistance profiles of Salmonella isolates,from the pork production chain in several districts of Sichuan province and to determine the correlation between serotype and the pulse field gel electrophoresis(PFGE)patterns. Methods From 2010 to 2011,a total of 112 Salmonella isolates from pork production chain were examined for their antimicrobial susceptibility,using the micro-dilution method against 10 antimicrobial agents. Results were assessed by the standard by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI,2010). In addition,PFGE patterns were investigated among the Salmonella strains from different sources,under different serovars and antimicrobial profiles. Results For Salmonella isolated from the pork production chain,resistance to tetracycline(89.29%)was frequently observed. Many isolates were resistant to spectinomycin(36.61%),trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole(35.71%), nalidixic acid(33.93%)and ampicillin(24.11%),but all of the isolates were susceptible to ceftiofur. 33.93% of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain had 19 antibiotic resistance profiles. Totally,34 PFGE patterns were detected among 74 Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain,with the PFGE patterns of the 74 Salmonella isolates sharing 40%to 100%similarities. Conclusion The antimicrobial resistances of the Salmonella isolates were commonly detected from the pork production chain in Sichuan province suggesting that Salmonella might horizontally spread from food animals to retail meat products.

12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 519-523, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and resistance profiles of Salmonella isolates,from the pork production chain in several districts of Sichuan province and to determine the correlation between serotype and the pulse field gel electrophoresis(PFGE)patterns. Methods From 2010 to 2011,a total of 112 Salmonella isolates from pork production chain were examined for their antimicrobial susceptibility,using the micro-dilution method against 10 antimicrobial agents. Results were assessed by the standard by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI,2010). In addition,PFGE patterns were investigated among the Salmonella strains from different sources,under different serovars and antimicrobial profiles. Results For Salmonella isolated from the pork production chain,resistance to tetracycline(89.29%)was frequently observed. Many isolates were resistant to spectinomycin(36.61%),trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole(35.71%), nalidixic acid(33.93%)and ampicillin(24.11%),but all of the isolates were susceptible to ceftiofur. 33.93% of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain had 19 antibiotic resistance profiles. Totally,34 PFGE patterns were detected among 74 Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain,with the PFGE patterns of the 74 Salmonella isolates sharing 40%to 100%similarities. Conclusion The antimicrobial resistances of the Salmonella isolates were commonly detected from the pork production chain in Sichuan province suggesting that Salmonella might horizontally spread from food animals to retail meat products.

13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 519-523, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348632

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antimicrobial resistance and resistance profiles of Salmonella isolates, from the pork production chain in several districts of Sichuan province and to determine the correlation between serotype and the pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) patterns.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From 2010 to 2011, a total of 112 Salmonella isolates from pork production chain were examined for their antimicrobial susceptibility, using the micro-dilution method against 10 antimicrobial agents.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>were assessed by the standard by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI, 2010). In addition, PFGE patterns were investigated among the Salmonella strains from different sources, under different serovars and antimicrobial profiles.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>For Salmonella isolated from the pork production chain, resistance to tetracycline (89.29%) was frequently observed. Many isolates were resistant to spectinomycin (36.61%), trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole (35.71%), nalidixic acid (33.93%) and ampicillin (24.11%), but all of the isolates were susceptible to ceftiofur. 33.93% of the isolates were multi-drug resistant. Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain had 19 antibiotic resistance profiles. Totally, 34 PFGE patterns were detected among 74 Salmonella isolates from the pork production chain, with the PFGE patterns of the 74 Salmonella isolates sharing 40% to 100% similarities.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The antimicrobial resistances of the Salmonella isolates were commonly detected from the pork production chain in Sichuan province suggesting that Salmonella might horizontally spread from food animals to retail meat products.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Meat , Microbiology , Salmonella , Swine
14.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 141-5, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638134

ABSTRACT

The deficiency theories of dyslexia are quite contradictory and the cross-cultural studies in recent years mainly focused on whether the dyslexics among cultures shared the same cognitive profile or just based on the language. This study used Near-Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) imaging to measure the regional cerebral blood volume (BV) and the changes of cerebral activation in the left prefrontal cortex of 12 Chinese dyslexic children and their 12 age-matched normal controls during the Paced Visual Serial Addition Test (PVSAT). Results showed that the scores of PVSAT of dyslexic children were significantly lower than those of the normal children (t=3.33, P<0.01). The activations of the left prefrontal cortex in the normal group were significantly greater than those of dyslexic children (all P<0.01). Our results indicated that Chinese dyslexia had a general deficiency in working memory and this may be caused by the abnormal metabolic activity of brain blood volume in the left prefrontal cortex and the deficits in brain function might be the basis of neuropathology of Chinese dyslexia. Present study supports the difference on brain activation of dyslexics from different languages may be caused by the same cognitive system related to reading.

15.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 1124-1128, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428284

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the relationship between cytokine gene polymorphisms and long-term humoral response in children vaccinated against hepatitis B during infancy.MethodsA total of 293 children (6.08±0.59 years old) who received three doses of hepatitis B vaccine according to a 0-,1-,6-month schedule during infancy and were negative for HBsAg and/or anti-HBc,were enrolled.Of them,83children with anti-HBs <10 mIU/ml were considered as long-term poor responders ( group A),and 210 others with anti-HBs ≥ 10 mIU/ml were defined as long-term responders ( group B).A total of 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of IL-1β,IL-2,IL-4,IL-10,IL-12B,and IL-13 were detected with PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism.ResultsThe allele frequencies of -33T,-589T,and 2979T in IL-4 gene in group A were 86.1%,86.1% and 90.4%,respectively,higher than those in group B (76.0%,76.9%,and 83.3%,respectively,all P<0.05).In IL-4 gene,frequencies of TT genotype at position -33 and -589 in group A were 74.7% and 75.9% respectively,higher than those in group B (57.1% and 59.0% respectively,both P<0.01 ),while the frequencies of CT at position -33 and -589 in group A was 22.9% and 20.5% respectively,lower than those in group B (37.6% and 35.7% respectively,both P<0.05).The genotype distributions of IL-4 2979 and the allele or genotype distributions of 8 other SNPs showed no significant differences between group A and group B.ConclusionPolymorphisms at position -33,-589,and 2979 in IL-4 gene are associated with the long-term humoral response in children vaccinated against hepatitis B during infancy.

16.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 151-152, 2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997041

ABSTRACT

@#ObjectiveThe research is that pulse magnetic acupuncture in scalp point affects the nerve function and endothelin-1(ET-1)capacity of acute cerebral ischemia rat. Methods70 rats were divided randomly into seven groups: normal, artificial operation, model, static magnetic acupuncture, normal acupuncture, electric acupuncture and pulse magnetic acupuncture, every group had 10 rats and the nerve function and plasma ET-1 capacity of rats were examined.ResultsStatic acupuncture, electric acupuncture, pulse magnetic acupuncture and normal acupuncture can improve the nerve function and decrease the capacity of ET-1, but pulse magnetic acupuncture and normal acupuncture improve obviously.Conclusions Pulse magnetic acupuncture and normal acupuncture have the same effect to improve the nerve function and decrease the capacity of ET-1.

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