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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the content and analyze the constitutive dimensions of the psychological contracts with residents contracted for family physician services.Methods:Based on a collection of policy documents on family doctor contracting services issued by central government ministries and relevant departments in Shandong province as well as 27 signed family doctor agreements in nine counties (cities, districts) of Shandong province, semi-structured interviews were made to 48 residents in both September 2019-January 2020 period and May-June 2020 period, regarding the verbal promises of family doctors and the needs of these contracted residents. Then the documented and non-documented commitments of the family doctors were extracted in the content analysis method, and a credibility test was made using the Myers reliability test formula.Results:A total of 639 written commitments of family doctors were obtained, covering 5 types of responsibilities and 20 commitments, and the credibility coefficient was 0.88. 322 codes of non-documented commitments were obtained, 4 commitments were added on the basis of documented commitments, and the credibility coefficient was 0.90. The psychological contracts were sorted out in such five areas as technical quality responsibility, cost control responsibility, convenient access responsibility, communication responsibility, and empathic responsibility, by matching the residents′ medical service needs obtained from the interviews, while the first three categories and the last two categories were classified as transactional and relational psychological contracts, respectively, with 10 items of technical quality responsibility accounting for the highest percentage (41.67%).Conclusions:The documented and non-documented commitments of family doctors differed in content and structure. The psychological contract signed by residents was mainly transactional, and residents had higher expectations for family doctors to provide high-quality, convenient and economical services.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912828

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the willingness of contracted residents to renew the family doctor contract service in Shandong Province, and to explore its influencing factors.Methods:From July to August 2020, 1 500 contracted residents in 3cities of Shandong Province were investigated by questionnaire survey.Descriptive statistical analysis, Mann-Whitney U test and binary logistic regression model were used to analyze the contracted residents′ cognition, utilization, satisfaction evaluation and renewal intention of family doctor contract service. Results:1 445 valid questionnaires were obtained, of which 682(47.2%)were willing to renew their contracts.The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that marital status, educational level, time to see a doctor in contracted institutions, optimism about the development prospect of contracted service policy, whether the proportion of medical insurance reimbursement increased after signing the contract, whether follow-up work was carried out on time, satisfaction with family doctor service attitude and satisfaction with the effect of disease treatment were factors affecting the willingness of contracted residents to renew the contract.Conclusions:The contracted residents in Shandong Province have a high willingness to renew their contracts. On the basis of consolidating and improving the policy cognition and confidence of the contracted residents, we should actively optimize and improve the contracted service quality, ensure the sense of service access of contracted residents, and continuously and effectively realize the comprehensive promotion of the contracted services of family doctors.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912698

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the grid management strategy of medical alliances in Rizhao city, Shandong province, and to provide references for improvement of this policy.Methods:In August 2020, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 31 managers of three medical alliances in Rizhao city, regarding the objectives, specific measures, problems and influencing factors of the grid layout of the medical alliances. The grounded theory was used to sort out the interview data, along with the Mazmanian-Sabatier model for further analysis.Results:The analysis resulted in 8 main categories and 19 sub-categories, including theoretical and technical support, target group characteristics, policy causality theory, current status of policy directives, inter-agency relations, socioeconomic conditions and technology, public attitudes, and media campaigns. On this basis, a theoretical framework for the implementation of the grid layout of medical alliance was formed based on the Mazmanian-Sabatier model.Conclusions:The socio-economic conditions and technologies for implementing the grid-based management of medical alliances in Rizhao city were relatively mature, enjoying strong public support and good social response. But on the other hand, there were still such problems as unclear policies, imperfect mechanisms for synergy of interests among different subjects, and incomplete supporting policies. In the future, it is expected to form a policy implementation synergy, introduce supporting policies and strengthen primary teams building, in order to ensure the orderly promotion and long-term implementation of the policy.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756683

ABSTRACT

The family physicians contracted service is an important means to promote hierarchical diagnosis and treatment and realize healthy Chinese strategy. With the continuous introduction of family physicians contracted service policy, it is very important to raise awareness, effectively promote and put into place.This study analyzed the family physicians contracted service policy from the perspective of public policy, and used the multiple streams theory framework to analyze the driving factors of the policy proposed. In addition, it explored the influence of problem stream, policy stream, and political stream on the policy launch process.These efforts can help improvement the policy awareness in the process, and help ensure sustainable progress of the policy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735129

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the motives and tactics of township health centers ( THC) to participate in the countywide medical communities of Shandong province. Methods Such tools as the new institutionalism, rational choice and social network theories, as well as the constituent ratios and Pearson correlation coefficient of data were used in a survey in August 2018 with managers of 264 THCs in Shandong. It aimed to learn from the respondents their motives, tactics, and behaviors to participate in such communities. Results Theoretical analysis of the results found that their participation was bound by both institutional environment and technical environment. For example, compliance tactics, accompanied by efficiency, was adopted to cope with stress from institutional environment. Exploratory tactics, accompanied by legitimacy, was adopted to cope with stress from technical environment. The figures showed 87. 5% of 264 THCs investigated participated in such communities, and their main motives were in turn to follow government requests (86. 1% ) and to seek development opportunities (69. 7% ). The critical criteria of partner selection were in turn technological level (83. 5% ) and matching of resources (77. 9% ). Of 231 THCs which participated in the communities, 95. 2% joined in countywide medical communities, and 28. 6% participated in other forms of medical alliances. Conclusions THCs showed high organizational convergence in their participation, and adopted diversified strategies of participation in medical alliance.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-735128

ABSTRACT

The policy model of G. C. Edwards was used to study the policies on building a countywide medical community ( CMC), and identify problems in such aspects as policy communication, resources, disposition and bureaucratic structure. The analysis found that enriching health resources at primary level and powerful government support are creating ideal environment for the construction of CMC. But due to its preliminary development, rooms of improvement of its policy design, and unclear enforcement standards, there appear behavioral polarizations at local health authorities. For example, some are proactive to explore and accumulate rich experiences, while the most take a wait and see stand, or even take administrative means to cope with their authorities by forming medical communities in form only. A small part of county hospitals, thanks to support from the government and inherent conditions, take active measures in this direction as policy frontrunners. On the other hand, most county hospitals prefer to be policy followers in order to avoid cost and risks of the reform. In the worst cases, a few county hospitals have become free riders of the policy, and attempt to take advantages of their primary health institutions. Primary health institutions warmly embrace CMC, but their limited service capability constitutes roadblocks in CMC construction. What is more, poor communication and collaboration mechanisms among systems and authorities hinder the effective policy synergy and health service integration of CMS.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712625

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze problems in the development of medical service at private hospitals, and provide references for promoting the development of these hospitals and implementing policies for encouraging this sector′s growth. Methods The data were collected from the statistical yearbook published by the National Health Commission of the People′s Republic of China, and descriptive analysis method was used to analyze the medical service workload and medical service efficiency of private hospitals in China since the new healthcare reform. Results Private hospitals accounted for 56. 39% of the total number of hospitals in China, accounting for 21. 69% of beds by the end of 2016. From the perspective of medical service workload, the service volume of these hospitals had increased yet at a small pace. The number of patients and inpatients received accounted for 12. 90% and 15. 84% respectively of all the hospitals in China. From the point of service efficiency, by the end of 2016, the bed utilization ratio was 62. 8%, the daily medical visits to their doctors were 5. 5 persons-times, and the daily number of hospitalized beds per doctor was 2. 2 beds. These numbers lag far behind public hospitals. The development of private hospitals varied with regions in imbalance. Conclusions Improving the social image, attracting talents and improving service quality are key to improving the medical service capacity of private hospitals.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712516

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the resources allocation and service provision of hospital rehabilitation departments in China from 2009 to 2016, for finding problems and providing references for improvement of hospital rehabilitation system in China. Methods Using the statistical yearbook of health and family planning in China from 2010 to 2017,descriptive analysis was made to describe the rehabilitation service and resources allocation of hospital rehabilitation departments in China in recent years. Results From the perspective of service volume, the quantity of rehabilitative services was increasing year by year, and the number of patients discharged from the hospital has increased rapidly among the total number of hospital discharged inpatients countrywide. By the end of 2016, this proportion was 1.26%. From the perspective of resources allocation, by the end of 2016, the proportion of the rehabilitation beds was just 2.62% of all hospital beds. Personnel staffing was poor by the end of 2016, as there were only 0.02 practicing rehabilitation doctors (assistants) per every 1 000 population. Conclusions It is imperative to strengthen the resources of hospital rehabilitation departments, increase the number of hospital beds and personnel,and improve the pay for these staff, to ensure their service capability. It is also an important guarantee to provide the people with healthcare that is all-dimensional and full lifecycle.

9.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1011-1015, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-260949

ABSTRACT

The chromatographic fingerprint of traditional Chinese medicine is a way of comprehensive expression to show its complicated chemical composition. It is a generally-accepted method for analyzing the quality of traditional Chinese medicines. In this article, we address an analysis algorithm of traditional Chinese medicines fingerprint and its FPGA circuit method. With the use of a method based on combined GA training BP-NN, and by virtue of high-speed operation and parallel computing, the system is implemented successfully with FPGA which can be used in field control. The result shows that this is an efficient and superior method for use in the process of preparing raw Chinese medicines.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Chromatography, Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Reference Standards , Neural Networks, Computer , Quality Control
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