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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1311-1316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924702

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of energy metabolic markers with the risk of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) in patients with decompensated hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis (HBV-LC). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with decompensated HBV-LC who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from November 2017 to November 2019, and baseline clinical parameters and energy metabolic markers were compared between the patients with SBP and those without SBP within 2 weeks after admission. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the risk factors for SBP. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the newly established logistic regression model, and with the corresponding point of Youden index as the cut-off value, the DeLong test was used to compare the area under the ROC curve (AUC). Results A total of 50 patients with decompensated HBV-LC were included, among whom 23 (46%) developed SBP within 2 weeks after admission and 27 (54%) had no SBP during hospitalization. Compared with the non-SBP patients, the SBP patients had significantly lower triglyceride, prealbumin, and prothrombin time activity (PTA) and significantly higher international normalization ratio, C-reactive protein (CRP), and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease score (all P < 0.05). Comparison of baseline energy metabolic markers showed that compared with the non-SBP patients, the SBP patients had significantly lower respiratory quotient (RQ) [0.79(0.76-0.86) vs 0.85(0.79-0.91), P =0.041] and carbohydrate oxidation (CHO) rate [20.50%(15.25%-41.05%) vs 41.6%(22.25%-68.05%), P =0.041]. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that PTA was an independent risk factor for SBP in the patients with decompensated HBV-LC during hospitalization (odd ratio=0.004, P =0.008), and the regression model established based on the variables including PTA, CRP, RQ, and CHO had an AUC of 85.0% and a cut-off value of 0.60 at the maximum Youden index, with a specificity of 85.19% and a sensitivity of 73.91%, suggesting that this model had a better discriminatory ability than CRP (AUC=74.5%, P =0.049) and procalcitonin (AUC=56.4%, P < 0.01). Conclusion There are significant reductions in the energy metabolic markers RQ and CHO in the patients with decompensated HBV-LC who develop SBP within a short term, and their combination with PTA, CRP, and CHO/RQ ratio can help clinicians identify the patients at a high risk of SBP in the early stage and enhance nutrition support for such patients.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2316-2319, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904939

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 119 patients with HBV-related ACLF who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from October 2019 to October 2020, and according to their survival status on day 90, they were divided into death group and survival group. The patients were given antiviral therapy with entecavir or tenofovir. Related clinical data were collected, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, cholinesterase (ChE), albumin (Alb), cholesterol, alpha-fetoprotein, and HBV DNA at baseline, as well as the incidence rate of important complications. Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was also calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF and establish a new predictive model; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the new model in predicting the prognosis of HBV-related ACLF. Results Of all patients, 33 died within 90 days, resulting in a mortality rate of 27.7%. There were significant differences between the survival group and the death group in age, ALT, Alb, ChE, MELD score, and incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, primary peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome (all P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that baseline hepatic encephalopathy (odds ratio [ OR ]=10.404, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 2.522-42.926, P =0.001), serum Alb at baseline ( OR =0.853, 95% CI : 0.764-0.952, P =0.005), and MELD score at baseline ( OR =1.143, 95% CI : 1.036-1.261, P =0.008) were independent predictive factors for the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF. A new predictive model was established based on the combination of these three indices, and the ROC curve analysis showed that this new model had an area under the curve of 0.833, while MELD score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.672. Conclusion As for the evaluation of the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF, the new prognostic model established based on hepatic encephalopathy, Alb, and MELD score has a better predictive value than MELD score alone.

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2316-2319, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904889

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors for short-term prognosis in patients with HBV-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 119 patients with HBV-related ACLF who were admitted to Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University from October 2019 to October 2020, and according to their survival status on day 90, they were divided into death group and survival group. The patients were given antiviral therapy with entecavir or tenofovir. Related clinical data were collected, including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, cholinesterase (ChE), albumin (Alb), cholesterol, alpha-fetoprotein, and HBV DNA at baseline, as well as the incidence rate of important complications. Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score was also calculated. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-squared test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the influencing factors for the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF and establish a new predictive model; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficiency of the new model in predicting the prognosis of HBV-related ACLF. Results Of all patients, 33 died within 90 days, resulting in a mortality rate of 27.7%. There were significant differences between the survival group and the death group in age, ALT, Alb, ChE, MELD score, and incidence rates of hepatic encephalopathy, primary peritonitis, and hepatorenal syndrome (all P < 0.05). The logistic regression analysis showed that baseline hepatic encephalopathy (odds ratio [ OR ]=10.404, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 2.522-42.926, P =0.001), serum Alb at baseline ( OR =0.853, 95% CI : 0.764-0.952, P =0.005), and MELD score at baseline ( OR =1.143, 95% CI : 1.036-1.261, P =0.008) were independent predictive factors for the short-term prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF. A new predictive model was established based on the combination of these three indices, and the ROC curve analysis showed that this new model had an area under the curve of 0.833, while MELD score had an area under the ROC curve of 0.672. Conclusion As for the evaluation of the 90-day prognosis of patients with HBV-related ACLF, the new prognostic model established based on hepatic encephalopathy, Alb, and MELD score has a better predictive value than MELD score alone.

4.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 717-722, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867645

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the potential mechanism of microRNA (miRNA) in hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection.Methods:The peripheral blood samples were collected from four chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients who visited Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University in 2017, and those were also collected from four healthy controls. Affymetrix GeneChip microRNA 4.0 was applied to detect the expressions of miRNA between CHB patients and healthy controls. The CHB relative differential expressions of miRNA were obtained. The functions of CHB relative miRNA were analyzed by the combination of bioinformatics tools and public database data.Results:A total of seven miRNA were differentially expressed in the peripheral blood of CHB patients. Among them, miRNA-122-5p (log 2 fold change (log 2FC)=7.78, P=0.007 3), let-7c-5p (log 2FC=3.52, P=0.019 6), miRNA-6794-5p (log 2FC=1.15, P=0.033 2), and miRNA-1226-5p (log 2FC=0.68, P=0.034 3) were up-regulated, while miRNA-619-5p (log 2FC=-1.83, P=0.002 6), miRNA-1273g-3p (log 2FC=-2.69, P=0.025 1), and miRNA-4440 (log 2FC=-3.99, P=0.047 8) were down-regulated. Further analysis showed that these miRNA could directly interact with HBV gene sequence and impact the replication of the virus. Among them, miRNA-122-5p, miRNA-6794-5p and miRNA-1226-5p could negatively regulate target genes expression to influence the formation of ficolin-1 rich granule, ficolin-1 rich granule lumen, podosome and membrane ruffle, which participated in the cell membrane movement and cell-matrix adhesion. Conclusion:MiRNA could impact the molecular movement in the cell membrane and facilitate HBV entry to liver cells, playing an important supporting role in HBV infection process.

5.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 211-214, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the specific chest computed tomography(CT) features of corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to evaluate its clinical diagnostic value.Methods:The clinical data of 35 cases with suspected COVID-19 from Shanghai Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Shanghai East Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from January 1 to February 14, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 17 cases with positive results of two times of real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) were evaluated as the case group, and the remaining 18 cases with negative results of two times of RT-PCR for 2019-nCoV were evaluated as the control group. The features of chest CT images of 35 cases were obtained. The frequencies of four CT imaging indicators including ground glass opacities (GGO), crazy paving, heterogeneous consolidation and mutiple subpleural lesions were analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) for COVID-19 were calculated.Results:In the case group, there were 11 cases with GGO, seven cases with crazy paving, six cases with heterogeneous consolidation, and 16 cases with mutiple subpleural lesions, while in the control group, there were seven cases with GGO, one case with crazy paving, six cases with heterogeneous consolidation, and five cases with mutiple subpleural lesions. When multiple subpleural lesions or any two of the CT imaging indicators were used as the characteristic indicators, the diagnosis efficiencies were better, with the sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and Youden index of 94.12%, 72.22%, 76.19%, 98.86% and 0.66, respectively, and 88.24%, 77.78%, 78.95%, 87.50% and 0.66, respectively.Conclusions:Chest CT indictors are of high clinical diagnostic value for COVID-19. Any two of the four CT indicators (GGO, crazy paving, heterogeneous consolidation and mutiple subpleural lesions) or the single characteristics (mutiple subpleural lesions) are of high diagnostic efficacy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 49-55, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734696

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine whether relative abundance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in plasma predicts clinical response to epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. Methods In this prospective study, adult patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma were enrolled in our hospital from 1 April 2016 to 1 January 2017. EGFR mutations in tumor tissues were detected by ADx-amplification refractory mutation system (ADx-ARMS). EGFR mutations of plasma free tumor DNA were detected by ADx-ARMS and ADx-super amplification refractory mutation system (ADx-SuperARMS) at the same time. Patients with EGFR-mutant in tumor tissues and receiving EGFR-TKIs were finally enrolled. Plasma mutation-positive patients with both methods were high abundance group.Patients with positive mutations by ADx-SuperARMS but negative by ADx-ARMS were medium abundance group. Mutation-negative patients with both methods were recognized as low abundance group. The correlation between EGFR mutation abundance and clinical response to EGFR-TKIs were analyzed. Results Among 71 patients enrolled, 42 harbored EGFR mutations in plasma were detected by ADx-ARMS, while 53 were found by ADx-SuperARMS.There were 42 patients in high abundance group, 11 in medium group while the other 18 in low group. The objective response rates (ORRs) were 69.0%,7/11 and 10/18 in high, medium and low groups, respectively. The difference was significant between high and low abundances groups (P=0.006). Median progression-free survival (PFS) in high,medium and low groups were 11.0, 8.5 and 9.0 monthes, respectively (P<0.001). In patients with tumor 19-Del, the ORRs were 70.4%,5/7 and 6/11 in high,medium and low abundance groups, respectively. The median PFS of high abundance group was significantly longer than the other two groups (12.0 monthes vs 9.0, 9.0 monthes). As to subjects with L858R mutation, the ORRs were 10/15,2/4 and 3/6,respectively, with median PFS 9.6, 5.5 and 9.5 monthes. Conclusions The relative abundance of EGFR mutations in plasma predicts clinical response to EGFR-TKIs in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. The higher the mutation abundance is, the better the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs is.

7.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 641-647, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745003

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the baseline independent prognostic factors for 24 months survival of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) patients treated with telbivudine.Methods The prospective cohort study was conducted in HBV-associated ACLF patients who were hospitalized in Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University and volunteered to be treated with telbivudine for more than 24 months.The patients were observed for survival at month 1,3,6,12,and 24 after treatment.The baseline biochemical index,coagulant function,model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score,HBV DNA level as well as comorbidities were analyzed in this study.The count data were compared with kappa test or Fisher's exact test.For the normal distributed measurement data,the homogeneity test of variances (Levene test) was firstly used for comparison between groups.Further,the group t test was applied for variance homogeneity,while the approximate t test was applied for variance non-homogeneity and the Mann-Whitney U test was applied for the non-distributed measurement data.Results A total of 41 patients were enrolled,including 3 drop-outs and 38 accomplishments.Among these 38 patients,there were 3 females (7.9 %) and 35 males (92.1%),with ages (38.5 ± 11.1) years.There were 32 patients alive and 6 dead during 1 month's follow-up,while baseline MELD score was the independent prognostic factor (RR=1.864,95%CI:1.151-3.019) for survival.There were 31 patients alive and 7 dead during 3 months' follow-up,while baseline MELD score and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGH) were the independent prognostic factors (RR =2.053,95%CI:1.163-3.625;RR=394.939,95%CI:1.880-82 948.817).There were both 26 patients alive and 12 dead during 6 and 12 months' follow-up,while baseline MELD score was the independent prognostic factor (RR=1.761,95% CI:1.230-2.523).At the end of 24 months' follow-up,there were 15 patients alive and 23 dead.Viral rebounds were observed in 6 patients and 3 of them were dead.Baseline HBV DNA level,MELD score and electrolyte imbalance were the independent prognostic factors (RR-9.722,95% CI:1.607-58.821;RR=l.518,95% CI:1.066-2.162;RR=87.505,95% CI:2.263-3 384.232) for 24 months'survival.Conclusions Although telbivudine is not recommended as the first-line treatment,ACLF patients with low MELD score and low HBV DNA level at baseline,individualized treatment may improve patient's survival rate.UGH and electrolyte imbalance may affect the efficacy of telbivudine and reduce the survival rate of ACLF patient.

8.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3953-3958, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661471

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status quo of "5+3" general practitioners standardized training base in the eastern and westernregions of China to provide reference opinions for formulating "3 +2" assistant general practitioner training.Methods The self made questionnaire and special interview were used to investigate the status quo of the standardized training base(general practitioner department) of "5+3" general practitioners in the five places of Beijing,Zhejiang,Guangzhou,Sichuan and Chongqing and the contents included the basic situation of the training base,management and fund investment,training proposals,etc.Results The two bases thought that the training courses were not connected with the teaching of medical undergraduate.The three bases basically satisfied with the training effect,and 1 base did not satisfy;88.4% of respondents believed that "3 +2" assistant general practitioner training was needed.Conclusion At present,the training system of "5 +3" general practitioners is not perfect,and the whole training is biased to specialization.The general practitioner taining should formulate and select the corresponding standard in the aspects of the training base and training teachers.A systematic curriculum system and matching policies should be established for the standardized training of "3+2" assistant general practitioners.

9.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3953-3958, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658552

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the status quo of "5+3" general practitioners standardized training base in the eastern and westernregions of China to provide reference opinions for formulating "3 +2" assistant general practitioner training.Methods The self made questionnaire and special interview were used to investigate the status quo of the standardized training base(general practitioner department) of "5+3" general practitioners in the five places of Beijing,Zhejiang,Guangzhou,Sichuan and Chongqing and the contents included the basic situation of the training base,management and fund investment,training proposals,etc.Results The two bases thought that the training courses were not connected with the teaching of medical undergraduate.The three bases basically satisfied with the training effect,and 1 base did not satisfy;88.4% of respondents believed that "3 +2" assistant general practitioner training was needed.Conclusion At present,the training system of "5 +3" general practitioners is not perfect,and the whole training is biased to specialization.The general practitioner taining should formulate and select the corresponding standard in the aspects of the training base and training teachers.A systematic curriculum system and matching policies should be established for the standardized training of "3+2" assistant general practitioners.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 647-649,654, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-619289

ABSTRACT

In the article of Great Medical Sincerity,Sun Simiao's discussion of the medical ethics and medical skill reflected the characteristics of his virtue ethics—the integration of internal training and external training.Internal training makes the request for the quality of doctor from the internal subjective mind.External training is specification for external behavior of internal culture.The effective integration of these two aspects reflects Sun Simiao's positive life value which unifies individual life and social life.

11.
Chinese Journal of cardiovascular Rehabilitation Medicine ; (6): 303-305, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618320

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore therapeutic effect of tolvaptan on chronic heart failure (CHF).Methods: A total of 102 CHF patients hospitalized in our hospital from Jun 2015 to Jun 2016 were selected.According to random number table, patients were divided into furosemide control group (n=52, received furosemide based on routine treatment) and tolvaptan group (n=50, received tolvaptan based on routine treatment).Cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), stroke volume (SV), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and therapeutic effect were observed and compared between two groups before and after treatment.Results: Compared with before treatment, there were significant rise in CO, CI and SV, and significant reduction in SVR in both groups after treatment, P<0.01 all;compared with furosemide control group after treatment, there were significant rise in CO [(4.41±0.71) L/min vs.(4.80±0.77) L/min], CI [(3.21±0.52) L·min-1·m-2 vs.(3.62±0.78) L·min-1·m-2] and SV [(70.09±14.90)ml vs.(79.60±13.10)ml], and significant reduction in SVR [(3111.30±931.85) dyne·s/cm5 vs.(2756.68±856.32) dyne·s/cm5] in tolvaptan group, P<0.05 or <0.01.Total effective rate of tolvaptan group was significantly higher than that of routine treatment (100.0% vs.75.0%), P=0.001.Conclusion: Tolvaptan can significantly improve heart function in patients with chronic heart failure,its therapeutic effect is significant, so it's worth extending.

12.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 237-240, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462760

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the work tasks of rural doctors in our country and to provide bases for the reforms of clini‐cal medical education of junior colleges .Methods A self‐made questionnaire was performed in 1 245 rural doctors from 86 rural grassroots health institutions in 7 provinces/municipalies of our country .Results The academic levels of rural doctors were low (65 .54% )and the rates of their medical certification holding were low in western district(7 .79% ) .The work load including basic medical care and basic public health services they committed were approximately matching .The top 5 items of basic medical care were ,in proper sequence ,diagnoses and treatments of common diseases ,common symptoms ,chronic disease management ,communi‐ty rehabilitation ,community first aid .The top 5 items of basic public health services were establishment of residents′health files , maternal and child health ,health care of the aged ,immunization ,health education .Conclusion The technological levels of diagnosis and treatment and theoretical knowledge of rural doctors should be further improved .The clinical medical education of junior medi‐cal colleges must strengthen the training and cultivation of the students′abilities of basic public health services ,besides consolida‐ting the training of the abilities of practical diagnosis and treatment .

13.
Journal of Modern Laboratory Medicine ; (4): 1-3,7, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-602120

ABSTRACT

Retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4)was a class of secreting protein,mainly synthesized by the liver,widely distribu-ted in the human body blood,urine and other body fluids.It plays an important role in assisting the physiological function of vitamin A[1].Recent research shows that RBP4 was a new kind of adipocytokine,participated in insulin resistance and occur-rence of type 2 diabetes,and had a closed relationship with diabetic nephropathy,nutritional disease.This article describes the function of RBP4,review the relationship between RBP4 and nutritional or other type of diseases,and new clinical detec-tion method with RBP4.

14.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 639-643, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the biological function of anti-IL-6Rβ(gp130) monoclonal antibody and its regulatory effect on IL-6 signaling.Methods:Biological characteristics of anti-IL-6Rβ(gp130) mAb were assessed by Western blot analysis, capture ELISA and peptide ELISA .The phosphorylation of STAT 3 was tested by Western blot analysis in IL-6-stimulated U266/RA-FLS/RA-PBMC with or without anti-IL-6Rβ(gp130) mAb treatment.Results:3 strains of mouse anti-human gp130 mAb were with high affini-ty and different binding epitopes , the kaff of 10A1 was 2.62E-10.In U266, RA-PBMC and RA-SFMC, IL-6 signaling highly activated STAT3 which could be inhibited by anti-gp130 mAb.Conclusion: Anti-IL-6Rβ( gp130 ) mAb might have different binding epitopes and could affect IL-6 stimulated phosphorylation of STAT3, which provides a preliminary experiment for analyse the correlation of IL-6 signaling and RA .

15.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3048-3050,3054, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599656

ABSTRACT

Objective To learn the professional ability of rural doctors in our country ,to provide scientific reference for educa-tional reform of junior-college clinical medicine .Methods A self-made questionnaire was performed in 1 245 rural doctors from 86 rural grassroots health institutions in 7 provinces(municipalities) of our country .Results The rural doctors were familiar with working environment ,coordinated and communicated well with colleagues ,basic competence at work .But their clinical diagnosis-treatment technology and operational capability of medical equipments were not strong .The doctor-patient relationship was not so good .Conclusion Not the proper use of medical equipment and treatment technology of weak seriously affected the quality of serv-ice .Not ideal doctor-patient relationship influenced the service effect .It was suggested that college of clinical medical professional education should enhance the cultivation of students′clinical diagnosis technology ,basic operational skills and communication skills between doctors and patients .

16.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 88-89, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432418

ABSTRACT

Stranging the communication between the clinical laboratory and clinical department,is useful to promote and enhance the quality of tests and clinical examination.The communication work organization and implementation has been effectively guaranteed by managing communication theories and multiple pathways of communication means to strengthen clinical laboratory and clinical department communication.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3502-3505, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251206

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of total flavonoids of Astragali Radix (TFA) and calycosin on apoptosis induction and cell cycle in human erythroleukemia cell line K562.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>MTT assay was used to measure the inhibition effect on the proliferation of K562 cells cultured with TFA and calycosin. The effect of TFA and calycosin on cell cycle in K562 was detected by PI staining. The apoptosis induction effect was measured by Annexin V/PI double staining. RT-PCR was used to determine the level of Cyclin D1 mRNA in K562 cells after treated with TFA and calycosin.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>TFA and calycosin could inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells, the 50% inhibiting concentration of TFA and calycosin were 98.63 mg x L(-1) and 130.32 mg x L(-1) respectively. TFA and calycosin could not induce apoptosis in K562 cells, but could increase the number of cells in the G0/G1 phase. The level of Cyclin D1 mRNA in K562 cells decreased after treated with TFA and calycosin.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TFA could inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells, and attribute to arrest them in the G0/G1 phase and decrease Cyclin D1 mRNA.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Astragalus Plant , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Flavonoids , Pharmacology , Isoflavones , Pharmacology , K562 Cells
18.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 348-353,359, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597446

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the apoptosis of T lymphocyte subsets of peripheral blood in systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE)and the correlated pathogenesis.Methods: The percentages of T lymphocyte subsets,the positive expression rates of Fas/FasL on T lymphocyte subsets,and the apoptosis of T lymphocyte subsets were determined by three-colorflow cytometry.The level of serum IL-10 was analyzed by ABCELISA.IL-10 antibody and FasL antibody were added respectively into the 48 hours' culture of 10 SLE patients' PBMCs in vitro,whose serum IL-10 significantly increased, and then, the changes of T lymphocyte subsets of SLE PBMCs were determined by three-colodlow cytometry.Results: 1)In SLE, mainly in hyperactive SLE, the apoptesis of CD4~+ T lymphocytes increased significantly(P<0.05),and the ratio of CD4~+/CD8~+ decreased compared with normal controls,and the abnormal apoptesis of CD4~+ T lymphocytes had a positive correlation with the increased expression rates of Fas/FasL on CD4~+ and CD8~+ T lymphocytes(P<0.05).2)The serum IL-10 level increased significantly in SLE (P<0.01), expecially in hyperactive SLE, and serum IL-10 had a positive correlation with the level of serum anti-dsDNA antibodies, CD4~+/CD8 + ratio, and the positive expression rate of FasL on CD4 * T lymphocytes(P<0.05).3)According to a tracking experiment on two different groups of SLE patients,we found that:with the stabilization of the illness,the level of serum IL-10 decreased significantly, the positive expression rate of Fas/FasL on T lymphocytes,particularly on CD4~+ T lymphocytes, reduced evidently,and the apoptosis of CD4~+ T lymphocytes decreased(P<0.05).Conclusion: The abnormal activities of T lymphocytes, particularly of CD4~+ T lymphocytes from patients with SLE,which lead to AICD,cause the percentage of CD4~+ T lymphocytes and the ratio of CD4~+/CD8~+ to decrease,disorder immune response, and accelerate the process of SLE.As a key factor in modulating the positive expression rate of Fas/FasL on CD4~+ T lymphocytes,IL-10 plays an important role in causing SLE.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1134-8, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-382296

ABSTRACT

The asialoglycoprotein receptor (ASGPR) was used to mediate drug carrier for hepatic targeted drug delivery, this article showed the enzyme-catalyzed esterification of galactose and vinyl stearate and a kind of ASGPR ligand-targeted which was used to insert the surface of liposome has been synthesized. The structure of product has been confirmed by TLC, ESI-MS and 1H NMR. The factors of types and quantity of enzyme, organic solvents, molar ratio of substrate, temperature and time of reaction have been studied. Results showed when using acetone as reaction medium, the quantity of Novozym 435 immobilized lipase was 30 mg mL(-1), molar ratio of galactose to vinyl stearate was 1:5, and reacted at 60 degrees C for 12 h, the transformation of vinyl stearate reached more than 70%. This study provides a novel and efficient route to the synthesis of ligand-targeted modifier.

20.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 368-371, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402732

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the variation of γδ T cells from healthy human peripheral blood(PB)and neonatus cord blood (CB)in proliferation and subtypes with isopentenyl pyrophosphate(IPP), and to acquire enough γδ T cells possessing distinct characteristics for experimental study.Methods: Mononuclear-cells from peripheral blood and cord blood induced by IPP were stained separately with monoclonal antibodies,which were fluorescein-labeled,and then used for assaying the expressing condition of surfaco molecules,as well as to evaluate the variation of γδ T cells on the percentage, subtypes and pbenotypes by FCM.Results:γδ T cells only account for a small proportion in both PB and CB.However,there was a significant difference in the heterogeneity between peripheral blood and cord blood γδ T cells.Vγ9Vδ2 T cells were dominant in peripheral blood γδ T cells.Most of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells in fresh isolated PBMC were central memory-type(CD27~+ CD45RA~-)and effector memory-type(CD27~-CD45RA~-)with IPP, PB γδ T cells proliferated strongly;The effector memory-typo(CD27~-CD45RA~-)turned into the main subtype in all Vγ9Vδ2 T cells,and HLA-DR and B7 molecules were highly expressed on the populations.But the cord blood γδ T cells showed rather complex subgroup heterogeneity,and Vγ9Vδ2 T cells were almost na(i)ve-type(CD27~+ CD45RA~+); Though γδ T cells were expanded(the percent of γδ T cells was increased),and Vγ9Vδ2 T cells were differentiated towards central memory-type and effector memory-type on day 14 with IPP,most of γδ T celLs still remained in the phase of na(i)ve-type(CD27~+ CD45RA~+).Conclusion:Tbere lies great differences of γδ T cells in quantity and subtypes between healthy person peripheral blood and neonatus cord blood.Peripheral blood γδ T cells can be activated and proliferated with IPP, while cord blood γδ T cells have the potential to deferentiate into director memory-type which can be used for experimental and clinical study with the synergy of corresponding cytokines.The immuno-regulation and effector function will be reported in other papers.

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