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1.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 347-353, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885503

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of hypercholesterolemia on the risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the middle-aged and elderly population and the gender differences.Methods:The data came from the "Epidemiological Survey of Chronic Kidney Disease among Adults in Urban Communities in Henan Province". The subjects came from 20 communities in Henan Province, aged ≥45 years old. Groups were based on the quartile of total blood cholesterol level and gender. Multivariate logistic regression and Cochran-Armitage trend test were used to analyze the effect of hypercholesterolemia on the risk of CKD and its gender differences.Results:A total of 4 779 subjects were enrolled into the study, with 1 934 males (40.5%) and 2 845 females (59.5%). The age was (61.3±7.7) years old and the blood cholesterol was (5.0±1.0) mmol/L. The prevalence rates of hypercholesterolemia, albuminuria, and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) were 10.7%(305/2 845), 6.4%(182/2 845) and 2.8%(79/2 845) in females and 12.7%(245/1 934), 6.9%(133/1 934) and 2.3%(45/1 934) in males respectively. Compared with Q1 group, the prevalence of reduced eGFR in females were higher in Q2 and Q4 groups (both P<0.05). Among males, the prevalence of albuminuria and reduced eGFR increased with increasing blood cholesterol quartile (Cochran-Armitage trend test Z=12.231, 8.862, both P<0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypercholesterolemia was an independent influencing factor for albuminuria and reduced eGFR ( OR=1.49, 95% CI 1.08-2.07, P=0.016 and OR=1.65, 95% CI 1.03-2.65, P=0.037, respectively). In subgroup analysis of different genders, female hypercholesterolemia was an independent influencing factor for albuminuria and reduced eGFR, while male hypercholesterolemia was not an independent influencing factor ( OR=1.54, 95% CI 0.96~2.46, P=0.075; OR=1.89, 95% CI 0.93-3.89, P=0.082, respectively). Further subgroup analysis based on the interquartile range of serum cholesterol levels found that female hypercholesterolemia was an independent influencing factor for reduced eGFR in the Q2 and Q4 groups ( OR=2.35, 95% CI 1.29-7.61, P=0.003; OR=2.51, 95% CI 1.38-8.39, P=0.001). In males, hypercholesterolemia was an independent influencing factor for albuminuria in the Q2, Q3 and Q4 groups ( OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.01-3.41, P=0.047; OR=1.85, 95% CI 1.02-3.35, P=0.044; OR=2.33, 95% CI 1.33-4.33, P=0.002). Conclusions:Hypercholesterolemia is an independent risk factor for CKD in middle-aged and elderly population, and there are gender differences, which provides a new idea for clinical prevention and control of CKD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872004

ABSTRACT

Diabetes kidney disease (DKD) is a serious renal complication of diabetes mellitus, also the main cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Early diagnosis and treatment are very important. Mass spectrometry (MS) can detect biomarkers in blood, urine, tissue and other samples of DKD patients, which has become a research hotspot, and its great significance in early diagnosis, pathogenic research, treatment effect and prognostic evaluation.

3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1085-1090, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866963

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influencing factors of prognosis of patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD) in intensive care unit (ICU), and analyze their predictive value.Methods:Based on the inpatient information of more than 50 000 patients from June 2001 to October 2012 in the latest version of American Intensive Care Medical Information Database (MIMIC-Ⅲ v1.4), the data of DKD patients were screened out, including gender, age, body weight, comorbidities [hypertension, coronary heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), chronic kidney disease (CKD)], sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, the length of ICU stay, the incidence of mechanical ventilation, vasoactive drugs and renal replacement therapy during the ICU hospitalization, complications of other diseases [ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), urinary tract infection (UTI), diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), acute myocardial infarction (AKI)] and prognosis of ICU. At the same time, the blood routine and biochemical data of the first 24 hours in ICU and the extremum values during the ICU hospitalization were collected. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen the prognostic factors of DKD patients in ICU, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to analyze the predictive value of death risk factors.Results:416 DKD patients were screened out, 20 patients were excluded due to data missing, and finally 396 patients were enrolled, including 220 survival patients and 176 dead patients. Compared with the survival group, the patients in the death group were older (years old: 57.13±13.04 vs. 52.61±14.15), with lower rates of hypertension and CKD (11.4% vs. 23.6%, 26.7% vs. 41.4%), higher SOFA scores and baseline values of blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr) and blood K + [SOFA score: 5.86±2.79 vs. 4.49±2.56, BUN (mmol/L): 18.4±10.0 vs. 14.8±9.0, SCr (μmol/L): 387.2±382.8 vs. 284.6±244.9, K + (mmol/L): 4.64±0.99 vs. 4.33±0.86], and longer ICU stay [days: 2.65 (1.48, 5.21) vs. 2.00 (1.00, 4.00)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.01). Further analysis of laboratory tests extremum values during ICU hospitalization showed that the maximum (max) and minimum (min) values of white blood cell (WBC), BUN and SCr, and K +max in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group [WBC max (×10 9/L): 17.3±10.3 vs. 14.5±7.3, WBC min (×10 9/L): 7.9±4.1 vs. 6.7±2.7, BUN max (mmol/L): 23.8±10.4 vs. 18.8±10.2, BUN min (mmol/L): 11.0±6.6 vs. 9.3±6.6, SCr max (μmol/L): 459.7±392.5 vs. 350.1±294.4, SCr min (μmol/L): 246.6±180.3 vs. 206.9±195.4, K +max (mmol/L): 5.35±0.93 vs. 5.09±0.99], and the minimum values of hemoglobin (Hb min) and glucose (Glu min) were significantly lower than those in the survival group [Hb min (g/L): 87.4±14.5 vs. 90.6±16.5, Glu min (mmol/L): 4.0±1.7 vs. 4.6±2.0], and the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). The incidences of mechanical ventilation and vasoactive drugs during ICU hospitalization in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group (37.5% vs. 24.1%, 32.4% vs. 20.0%, both P < 0.01), and the incidences of UTI and AMI in the death group were significantly higher than those in the survival group (29.5% vs. 19.1%, 8.5% vs. 3.6%, both P < 0.05). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age [odds ratio ( OR) = 1.019, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 1.003-1.036, P = 0.023], SOFA score ( OR = 1.142, 95% CI was 1.105-1.246, P = 0.003), WBC min ( OR = 1.134, 95% CI was 1.054-1.221, P = 0.001) and BUN max ( OR = 1.010, 95% CI was 1.002-1.018, P = 0.018) were risk factors of death of DKD patients in ICU. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under ROC curve (AUC) of combination of risks factors of death was 0.706, the sensitivity was 61.6%, and the specificity was 73.2%. Conclusions:In order to prevent DKD patients from getting worse in ICU, we should pay close attention to the blood biochemical indexes, especially the renal function indexes, and give timely treatment. At the same time, we should actively prevent the occurrence of complications such as infection and cardiovascular disease.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864612

ABSTRACT

Objective:To test the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Connor Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) in schizophrenia patients. In order to provide resilience scale for schizophrenia patients in China.Methods:A convenient sampling method was used to select 503 inpatients with schizophrenia in Chifeng Anding hospital from December 2017 to December 2018. The Chinese version of CD-RISC was used to conduct a questionnaire survey. Data processing was performed using SPSS 23.0 statistical software and AMOS 24.0 software.Results:The item analysis showed that the Chinese version of CD-RISC could discriminate the high-score group from the low-score group ( P<0.01). Pearson correlation analysis and principal component analysis showed that the correlation between item 3 and the total amount was poor, and it was considered to be deleted. A total of 6 common factors were extracted from the revised exploratory factor analysis of the CD-RISC, and the cumulative variance contribution rate was 50.79%. The Cronbach α coefficient was 0.882, and the test-retest reliability was 0.912 after two weeks. Confirmatory factor analysis fitted index: χ2/ df was 1.057, RMSEA was 0.015, GFI was 0.926, CFI was 0.989, and IFI was 0.989. Conclusions:The revision 24-item CD-RISC has good psychometric properties, it could be used to assess resilience in Chinese patients with schizophrenia.

5.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800442

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD).@*Methods@#The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non-acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors.@*Results@#A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. The incidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7% and 83.5% respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001).@*Conclusion@#Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

6.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 922-928, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824785

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the risk factors of clinically diagnosed acute kidney injury (AKI) patients progressing to acute kidney disease (AKD). Methods The clinical data of AKI patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the outcome of the patients, AKI patients were divided into non - acute kidney disease (NAKD) group and AKD group. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data of two groups were compared. The risk factors of AKD in patients with AKI were analyzed by logistic regression, and then the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was drawn to evaluate the predictive value of these risk factors. Results A total of 254 patients with AKI were enrolled, and 186 patients developed AKD with an incidence of 73.2%. Theincidences of AKD in stage 1, stage 2 and stage 3 of AKI were 20.0%, 46.7%and 83.5%respectively. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) (OR=2.561, 95% CI 1.584-4.140, P<0.001), proteinuria (OR=2.952, 95% CI 1.162-7.500, P=0.023) and increased intact parathyroid hormone (OR=1.757, 95%CI 1.104-2.797, P=0.017) were independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI. The ROC showed that increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis) was an important predictor of AKD in patients with AKI (AUC=0.798, P<0.001). Conclusion Increased peak serum creatinine (within 7 days after AKI diagnosis), proteinuria and increased intact parathyroid hormone are independent risk factors for progression to AKD in patients with AKI, providing new evidences and ideas for clinical preventions and treatments of AKD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 175-179, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512067

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of oxidative stress related factors,such as,superoxide dismutase (SOD),heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1),malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) in patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) and explore the possible role of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of IMN.Methods Serum,urine and renal tissue of 40 patients with IMN,20 patients with secondary membranous nephropathy (SMN),and 20 patients with minimal change nephropathy (MCD) were collected from the nephrology department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.All of them were diagnosed by renal biopsy from January 2016 to June 2016.Serum,urine and renal tissue of 20 healthy persons were collected as the normal control (NC).The expressions of SOD,HO-1,and 8-OHdG in renal tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry.The levels of SOD,HO-1,MDA and 8-OHdG in serum and urine specimens were detected by ELISA.The relationship between oxidative stress related factors and proteinuria in IMN was investigated as well.Results The expressions of SOD,HO-1 and 8-OHdG were significantly higher than those in MCD group and NC group in renal tissue;the expression of SOD in IMN group was significantly higher than that in MCD group and NC group in serum (all P < 0.01).The expressions of HO-1,MDA and 8-OHdG in the serum and urine of the IMN group were significantly higher than those of the MCD group and the NC group (all P < 0.05).There was a significant positive correlation between the urine expression of 8-OHdG and MDA and proteinuria in the IMN group.Conclusions Oxidative stress-related factors in IMN patients are elevated,which is closely related to clinical manifestations.In that sense,it is confirmed that oxidative stress is involved in the pathogenesis of IMN.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640901

ABSTRACT

Background Experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) is a common animal model of uveitis.Natural killer (NK) cells have been confirmed to be a type of strong inflammation-causing cells,but its role in EAU is still studing.Objective This study was designed to explore the role and mechanism of NK cells in the pathogenesis of EAU.Methods Thirty-six SPF Lewis rats were randomly divided into expeimental control group and EAU 6-,9-,12-,16-,and 21-day groups (6 rats for each group).Rats in EAU group received subcutaneous injection interphotoreceptor retinoid binding protein (IRBP) combining 5 mg/ml tubercle bacillus with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) emulsion in foot pads,and then 400 ng pertussis toxin was intraperitoneally injected to extablish EAU models in the EAU 6-,9-,12-,16-,and 21-day group,and normal saline solution combined with CFA and 400 ng pertussis toxin was used in the same way in the experimental control group.The inflammatory response was observed by slit lamp daily after modeling and scored based on Caspi criteria.The eyeballs were extracted in 6,9,12,16 and 21 days after modeling for retinal histopathological examination,Immunofluorescent double-staining was employed to detect and locate the expression of NK cells in the retina.In addition,25 model rats were divided into EAU 0-,3-,6-,9-and 12-day groups,with 5 rats for each group,and eyeballs were extracted to prepare tissue homogenate.The expression of CXCL10 mRNA,and CXCL12 mRNA NK cell chemokines,in the tissue homogenate was assayed by real-time quantitative PCR.The use and care of the rats followed Regulations for the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animal by State Science and Technology Commission.Results No inflammatory sign in ocular anterior segment of the rats was seen in the experimental control group.The expansion of rat iris vessels was found in the EAU 6-day group,and exudes and hypopyon of the anterior chamber occurred in the EAU 9-day group and the inflammation peaked in the EAU 12-day gorup.The rat retinal structure was normal in the experimental control group,and the arrangement disorder of retinal structure,the cell separation in outer nuclear layer and damage of photoreceptors were found under the optical microscope in different degree in various EAU groups,with the most serious change in the EAU 12-day group.Immunofluorescent double staining showed normally arranged nucleus in the experimental control group,and a lot of NK infiltration was seen in the EAU 6-day group and peaked in the EAU 9-day group.The expression level of CXCL10 mRNA in the EAU 9-day group was 34.298 ± 16.689,which was significantly higher than that in the EAU 3-,6-and 12-day group,respectively (1.390 ± 0.660,3.359 ± 2.581,4.711 ±1.387) (all at P<0.01).No significant differences were found in the relative expression of CXCL12 mRNA among different EAU groups (F=2.851,P>0.05).Conclusions Retinal NK cell infiltration occurs in the early stage of EAU,and the severity of NK cell infiltration is consistent with the inflammatory process and CXCL10 expression,suggesting NK cells play an important role in the early stage of EAU,and CXCL10 is an important chemokine of NK cells in EAU rats.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 102-108, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-341707

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and cyclophosphamide (CTX) are widely used in treating various kidney diseases. However, whether they are effective and which one is better for treating IgA nephropathy patients with proliferative pathological phenotype in renal diseases, such as endocapillary proliferation, cellular crescents, and/or capillary loops fibrinoid necrosis is still unknown. We, therefore, initiated a study to compare the effects of MMF and CTX in treating IgA nephropathy with the above pathological lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and nineteen patients with IgA nephropathy who had at least one of the three aforementioned lesions were enrolled. All patients were treated with prednisone; 48 patients received prednisone only (Pred group), 40 received MMF and prednisone (MMF + Pred group), and 31 were treated with CTX and prednisone (CTX + Pred group). The median time of follow-up was 30 months (maximum: 96 months). The primary endpoint was defined as renal survival. The incidence of remission of proteinuria was the secondary endpoint.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serum creatinine in all groups declined significantly at different follow-up times (P = 0.002), and the differences among the three groups were significant (P < 0.001). At 24 months of follow-up, the decline rates were 12.35%, 32.95%, and 24.14% in the Pred, MMF + Pred, and CTX + Pred groups respectively. For urine protein excretion, the decline rates were 49.12% (Pred), 73.67% (MMF + Pred), and 63.53% (CTX + Pred) respectively at 24 months of follow-up. The differences among the three groups were not significant (P = 0.714). Renal survival (the primary endpoint) was significantly different (P = 0.027); however, the sencondary endpoint was similar for all the three groups (P = 0.100).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For IgA nephropathy patients with endocapillary proliferation, cellular crescents, and/or fibrinoid necrosis of capillary loops, prednisone combined with MMF was more effective in lowering the serum creatinine than with CTX. Combined MMF and prednisone treatment led to a better renal survival compared to that of prednisone with CTX.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Mycophenolic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 534-537, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-429167

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the prevalence of chronic kidney disease(CKD) among population with rheumatoid arthritis(RA) in Luohe city.Methods 3072 residents (older than 45 years) with eligible data from Luohe city were randomly selected using a stratified,multistage sampling.All residents were interviewed and given physical examination,tested for sample of uria and blood,and also given special examination about RA.Results The prevalence of RA was 6.90% in 3072 subjects.The albuminuria was detected in 10.42% of subjects,hematuria in 8.59%,reduced renal function in 1.82%,Howerer,which was higher in patients with RA,was 14.62%,10.85% and 4.72% respectively.Especially the prevalence of albuminuria and reduced renal function in RA patients was significantly higher compared to that in population without RA (14.62% vs 10.10%,P<0.05 and 4.72% vs 1.61%,P<0.01),but no significant differences in hematuria (10.85% vs 8.43%,P>0.05).The prevalence of CKD was 16.93% in tougher,and RA patients had higher prevalence of CKD than those population without RA (22.17% vs 16.54%,P<0.05).ConclusionThe prevalence of CKD among population older than 45 years in Luohe city is high,and the patients with RA have special characteristic in epidemiology of CKD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 87-90, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413601

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among patients with bronchial asthma in Zhengzhou.Methods A total of 655 patients (older than 14years) were interviewed and received physical,uria and blood examination.Bronchial asthma and CKD were diagnosed according to related definition.Results The prevalence of albuminuria,hematuria,reduced eGFR and CKD was 9.41%,10.37%,3.03% and 17.38% respectively in the above special patients,which was higher than that of the general population.Women had higher prevalence of CKD than men (21.47% vs 13.99%,χ2=6.060,P=0.014).Prevalence of 1 to 5 stage of CKD was 8.61%,5.10%,3.03%,0.48% and 0.16% respectively.In the acute phase of asthma,prevalence of CKD (24.42%) was significantly higher than that in chronic duration and clinical remission period (χ2=12.445,P=0.002) and the same significant differences were found in albuminuria and reduced eGFR (χ2=19.619,P<0.01 and χ2=9.305,P=0.010).Conclusion The bronchial asthma patients have higher incidence of renal damage and should be estimated,especially in the acute phase.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 343-345, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379776

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of serum uric acid (SUA) on the clinicopathological manifestation and prognosis of IgA nephropathy(IgAN)patients. Methods A total of 348 patients with renal biopsy-proven IgAN in our hospital were enrolled in this study.The data were retrospectively analyzed to examine the association of SUA level with clinicopathological manifestation and prognosis of IgA nephropathy(IgAN)patients. Results There were no significant differences of 24 hour proteinuria,BUN and Scr between patients of high SUA level with various GFR and those of normal SUA level.While differences of glomerular sclerosis,tubulointerstitial scores and vascular injury between these two groups were significant (P<0.05).At the end of follow-up,prevalence of GFR decline and ESRD was significantly higher in patients with high SUA as compared to those with normal SUA(40.82%vs 15.70%,64.71% vs 35.00%,respectively,P<0.05). Conclusions Patients with different SUA levels have similar clinical manifestations,but different pathological findings and prognosis.It is important to pay attention to the follow-up of SUA level in IgAN patients.

13.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 254-257, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-396001

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prevalence of chronic kidney disease(CKD) and its related risk factors in the people aged 60 years or over in Zhengzhou.Methods One thousand two hundred and ninety-one residents aged 60 years or over were selected with stratified-multi-steps-cluster sampling method in 4 communities from 4 different districts in Zhengzhou city.The indicators of renal damage and its related factors were collected with questionnaires.Results Eligible data of 1247 subjects were collected.After adjustment for age and gender, the prevalence of albuminuria,hematuria and reduced eGFR were 13.3% ,6.0% and 2.0% respectively, and the prevalence of CKD was 17.5%.Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that hypertension, diabetes and overweight were independent risk factors for CKD.Conclusions The prevalence of chronic kidney disease in the urban people aged 60 years or over in Zhengzhou is higher than in the non-elderly people and preventive measures should be adopted.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395472

ABSTRACT

Objective To detect the changes of soluble αB-crystallin in X-ray irradiated rat lens,and to explore the potential role of αB-crystallin in the pathogenesis of radiation-induced cataract.Methods The radiation cataract model was established with the accelerator linear in male Sprague-Dawley(SD)rats.The rats were divided into normal control group,experimental control group and X-irradiated group(the doses were 5,15,and 25 Gy,respectively).The rats were killed at 3 morlths post-irradiation,and the lenses were carefully isolated and homogenized.The protein changes of αB-crystallin in lens supernatant were measured by Western blotting.Results Typical radiation-induced cataract was observed in 15 and 25 Gy groups,while the lenses of the normal control group,experimental control group and the 5 Gy irradiation group remained transparent.The αB-crystallin protein level was significandy decreased in a dose-dependent manner(5 Gy group:0.871±0.085;15 Gy group:0.643±0.096;25 Gy group:0.338±0.160;F=40.764,P<0.05).Conclusions The decreased expression of the molecular chaperone αB-crystallin in X-irradiated rat lens indicates its important role in the pathogenesis of irradiation cataract.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 603-608, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381621

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among adults in Zhengzhou. Methods One thousand eight hundred and fifty five residents (≥ 20 years) from 4 communities in 4 districts of Zhengzhou city were randomly selected by using a stratified,multistage sampling. They were interviewed, and received physical examination and measurements of urine and blood for renal damage as well as risk factors. Results Eligible data of 1752 subjects were included in the study. After the adjustment of age and gender component, albuminuria was found in 5.78% of the subjects, hematuria in 8.19%, and reduced renal function in 1.58%. Male had lower prevalence of albuminuria and hematuria (4.37% vs 7.29%, X2=6.252, P=0.012; 5.08% vs 11.51%, X2=24.499, P<0.01), but higher prevalence of reduced eGFR(2.26% vs 0.86%, X2=5.830, P=0.016) as compared with female. The prevalence of albuminuria and reduced eGFR increased with age. The crude prevalence of CKD was 14.50%, while the standardized rate was 13.57%. The prevalence of female was higher than that of male (17.83% vs 9.59%, X2=23.132, P<0.O1), which also increased with age. The most common manifestations of CKD were hematuria and albuminuria. Gender, age, smoking, hypertension,diabetes mellitus, obesity and hyperuricaemia were independently associated with CKD. The awareness rate of CKD was 8.27% and only 7.09% of the subjects received treatment. Conclusions The prevalence of CKD is 13.57% and the recognition is 8.27% in urban adult population of Zhengzhou.lndependent risk factors associated with kidney damage are gender, age, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, obesity and hyperuricaemia.

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