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1.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 222-227, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896809

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is rare Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease. The classic form of HVLPD is a self-resolving disease, whereas the systemic form can progress to malignant lymphoma, resulting in fatal outcomes. However, the prognostic factors remain unclear. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the association between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed our 25-year experience involving 11 patients with HVLPD from a single tertiary center in South Korea and evaluated the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the correlation between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Of the total 11 patients, 54.5% (6/11) manifested classic HVLPD that resolved with conservative treatment, while 45.5% (5/11) patients had systemic HVLPD, four of whom died of progressive disease or hemophagocytic syndrome. Five patients with systemic HVLPD manifested severe skin lesions such as prominent facial edema, deep ulcers and necrotic skin lesions involving sun-protected areas. Median EBV DNA levels at initial diagnosis were higher in three dead patients than in those alive (2,290 vs. 186.62 copies/μl). @*Conclusion@#When EBV DNA levels were high, patients showed severe skin lesions and when EBV DNA levels were low, skin lesions tended to improve. Thus, patients with high EBV DNA levels showed an increased risk of severe skin lesions and disease progression.

2.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 108-115, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874106

ABSTRACT

Background@#We recently discovered the presence of specialized nail mesenchyme below the nail matrix and designated it as onychomatricodermis. @*Objective@#We did further research to characterize the histologic, histochemical, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural features of the onychomatricodermis containing onychofibroblasts in the nail unit. @*Methods@#Ten polydactyly nail unit specimens and 8 nail matrix biopsies were included. H&E-stained slides were reviewed. We did Alcian blue staining and Masson Trichrome staining, as well as immunohistochemical staining for type Ⅰ collagen, CD10, CD13 and CD34. In addition, polydactyly nail units were examined by transmission electron microscopy. @*Results@#In H&E staining, the specialized mesenchyme called onychomatricodermis was observed to be slightly distant from the undersurface of the nail matrix and be less eosinophilic area. Onychomatricodermal onychofibroblasts showed light purple abundant cytoplasm.Masson Trichrome staining revealed fewer collagen fibers within the onychomatricodermis. In Alcian blue staining the onychomatricodermis showed mucin deposition within the onychofibroblasts and around them. Immunohistochemically, type Ⅰ collagen was expressed much less in the onychomatricodermis while it was strongly expressed elsewhere in the nail unit. In nail matrix biopsy specimens onychomatricodermal onychofibroblasts expressed CD10 and CD13 strongly, and expressed CD34 as well. Ultrastructurally, collagen fibrils were found sparsely within the onychomatricodermis, whereas collagen fibrils were densely distributed in the dermis of other parts of the nail unit. @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that there was less collagen expression in the onychomatricodermis containing onychofibroblasts. In addition, we found morphological and immunohistochemical features of onychomatricodermal onychofibroblasts (onychofibroblasts of Dongyoun). These findings support the presence of onychomatricodermis containing onychofibroblasts in the nail unit.

3.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 222-227, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889105

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hydroa vacciniforme-like lymphoproliferative disorder (HVLPD) is rare Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated disease. The classic form of HVLPD is a self-resolving disease, whereas the systemic form can progress to malignant lymphoma, resulting in fatal outcomes. However, the prognostic factors remain unclear. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the association between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed our 25-year experience involving 11 patients with HVLPD from a single tertiary center in South Korea and evaluated the clinical characteristics of HVLPD and the correlation between whole blood EBV DNA and clinical outcomes. @*Results@#Of the total 11 patients, 54.5% (6/11) manifested classic HVLPD that resolved with conservative treatment, while 45.5% (5/11) patients had systemic HVLPD, four of whom died of progressive disease or hemophagocytic syndrome. Five patients with systemic HVLPD manifested severe skin lesions such as prominent facial edema, deep ulcers and necrotic skin lesions involving sun-protected areas. Median EBV DNA levels at initial diagnosis were higher in three dead patients than in those alive (2,290 vs. 186.62 copies/μl). @*Conclusion@#When EBV DNA levels were high, patients showed severe skin lesions and when EBV DNA levels were low, skin lesions tended to improve. Thus, patients with high EBV DNA levels showed an increased risk of severe skin lesions and disease progression.

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