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Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 187-190, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934292


Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and complications of intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) and intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) for unilateral advanced retinoblastoma (RB).Methods:A retrospective clinical study. From January 2020 to January 2021, 40 patients (40 eyes) unilateral group cT2 RB patients diagnosed at Baoding Children’s Hospital and Beijing Children’s Hospital were recruited in this study. There were 22 males (22 eyes) and 18 females (18 eyes). All were monocular. All the patients were assigned to two groups according to different treatment modalities they received: IVC group and IAC group. There were 26 eyes and 14 eyes, respectively. When the tumor invades the optic nerve, choroid, sclera, anterior chamber and iris, enucleation was performed. The globe salvage rate, tumor extraocular metastasis rate, solid tumor control rate, treatment-related complications and pathological high-risk factors after enucleation were observed. The globe salvage rate and solid tumor control rate were compared between the groups by chi square test.Results:The globe salvage rate of IAC group and IVC group were 88.5% (23/26) and 50.0% (7/14), respectively. Solid tumor control of IAC group and IVC group were 84.6% (22/26) and 42.9% (6/14), respectively. There were statistically significant differences in globe salvage rate and solid tumor control between the two groups ( χ 2=7.18, 7.56; P<0.05). Compared with IVC group, IAC group had less systemic complications, mild ocular and periocular side effects. Among 26 cases in IAC group and 14 cases in IVC group, 3 and 7 cases underwent enucleation respectively. The results of pathological examination showed that there were 2 cases and 3 cases with pathological high-risk factors in the two groups, respectively. During the follow-up period, 2 cases in IAC group had extraocular metastasis, there was no extraocular metastasis in IVC group. Conclusion:Compared with IVC, IAC has the advantages of high tumor control rate, high globe salvage rate, less and mild complications, however, there is still tumor recurrence.

Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E101-E107, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804517


Objective To investigate the influence of gravity levels on lower limb motions during human walking. Methods A suspended microgravity simulation system was designed for the experiment. Kinetic parameters from lower limb joints of twelve volunteers during walking were measured by the motion capture system and 3D force plate under simulated Mars gravity (1/3 G), lunar gravity (1/6 G) and earth gravity (1 G). Results Under simulated Mars and lunar gravity, the ranges of motion (ROMs) of hip and knee joints in sagittal plane significantly decreased (P<0.01) while the ROMs of ankle joints obviously increased (P<0.05). The ROMs of hip, knee and ankle joints in sagittal plane under earth gravity were 45.2°, 67.7°, 32.5°, respectively, while the ROMs of hip, knee and ankle joints under lunar gravity were 25.1°, 50.8°, 42.4°, respectively. In addition, the force and torque of lower limb joints in sagittal plane under lower gravity also decreased significantly (P<0.01). Conclusions The results obtained by this study were almost the same as the research findings obtained by using treadmill. Astronauts can use the treadmill and microgravity simulation system for walking exercises under lunar gravity on the earth.

Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 270-273, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-509843


Objective: To observe left and right ventricular mechanical sequence in systole and diastole by dual Doppler Echocardiography in healthy subjects. Methods: Dual Doppler echocardiography was performed in 100 normal subjects with dual-outflow-tract-view and apical four chamber view to simultaneously record the spectrum of left/right ventricular outlfow tract (LVOT)/(RVOT) and left/right ventricular inlfow tract (LVIT)/(RVIT) at the same cardiac cycle. The time cycles of blood lfow spectrum from the peak of QRS complex to aorta, pulmonary artery, mitral valve (MV) and tricuspid valve (TV) were measured, the starting time differences for blood lfow spectrum of aorta and pulmonary artery, MV and TV were calculated to assess the mechanical sequence of left and right ventricle in systole and diastole respectively. Results: There were 48/100 (48%) subjects having LV ejection preceded than RV (95% CI 0.38-0.58), 46 (46%) having RV ejection preceded than LV (95% CI 0.36-0.56) and 6 (6%) having LV, RV simultaneous ejection (95% CI 0.01-0.11). There were 96/100 (96%) subjects having RV iflling prior to LV (95% CI 0.90-0.99), 3 (3%) having LV iflling prior to RV (95% CI 0.01-0.08) and 1 (1%) having LV, RV simultaneous iflling (95% CI 0.00-0.05). Conclusion: There is a regular pattern for mechanical sequence of LV and RV in systole and diastole in healthy subject; in systole, the sequence of LV varies from person to person, while in diastole, RV is always preceded. Based on normal ventricular mechanical sequence, optimizing programming parameter of pace maker and choosing cardiac sequence in diastole might be the ifnal criteria for cardiac resynchronization therapy in the future.