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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926997

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#While switching strategies of P2Y12 receptor inhibitors (RIs) have sometimes been used in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients, the current status of in-hospital P2Y12RI switching remains unknown. @*Methods@#Overall, 8,476 AMI patients who underwent successful revascularization from Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) were divided according to in-hospital P2Y12RI strategies, and net adverse cardiovascular events (NACEs), defined as a composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, or thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) major bleeding during hospitalization were compared. @*Results@#Patients with in-hospital P2Y12RI switching accounted for 16.5%, of which 867 patients were switched from clopidogrel to potent P2Y12RI (C-P) and 532 patients from potent P2Y12RI to clopidogrel (P-C). There were no differences in NACEs among the unchanged clopidogrel, the unchanged potent P2Y12RIs, and the P2Y12RI switching groups. However, compared to the unchanged clopidogrel group, the C-P group had a higher incidence of non-fatal MI, and the P-C group had a higher incidence of TIMI major bleeding. In clinical events of in-hospital P2Y12RI switching, 90.9% of non-fatal MI occurred during pre-switching clopidogrel administration, 60.7% of TIMI major bleeding was related to pre-switching P2Y12RIs, and 71.4% of TIMI major bleeding was related to potent P2Y12RIs. Only 21.6% of the P2Y12RI switching group switched to P2Y12RIs after a loading dose (LD); however, there were no differences in clinical events between patients with and without LD. @*Conclusions@#In-hospital P2Y12RI switching occurred occasionally, but had relatively similar clinical outcomes compared to unchanged P2Y12RIs in Korean AMI patients. Non-fatal MI and bleeding appeared to be mainly related to pre-switching P2Y12RIs.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 444-454, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926522

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of treatment with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a large real-world population. @*Methods@#Patients treated with DCBs were included in a multicenter observational registry that enrolled patients from 18 hospitals in Korea between January 2009 and December 2017. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization at 12 months. @*Results@#The study included 2,509 patients with 2,666 DCB-treated coronary artery lesions (1,688 [63.3%] with in-stent restenosis [ISR] lesions vs. 978 [36.7%] with de novo lesions).The mean age with standard deviation was 65.7±11.3 years; 65.7% of the patients were men.At 12 months, the primary outcome, TLF, occurred in 179 (6.7%), 151 (8.9%), 28 (2.9%) patients among the total, ISR, and de novo lesion populations, respectively. A history of hypertension, diabetes, acute coronary syndrome, previous coronary artery bypass graft, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, B2C lesion and ISR lesion were independent predictors of 12 months TLF in the overall study population. @*Conclusions@#This large multicenter DCB registry study revealed the favorable clinical outcome of DCB treatment in real-world practice in patient with ISR lesion as well as small de novo coronary lesion.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890971

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with an increased incidence of Wolff–Parkinson–White (WPW) syndrome and atrial fibrillation. However, a delta-like wide QRS can be observed in the hypertrophied myocardium. When considering the rarity of the paraseptal bypass tract (BT), the normal QRS axis suggests a higher possibility of HCM origin. Otherwise, there is no known electrocardiographic clue indicating a wide QRS differentiation between HCM and WPW syndrome. Moreover, the atriofascicular, nodofascicular/ventricular or fasciculoventricular BT should be differentiated. In this case, atrioventricular conduction system incidental injury revealed a wide QRS origin from the HCM, but this method should be avoided except in some selected cases.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898675

ABSTRACT

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with an increased incidence of Wolff–Parkinson–White (WPW) syndrome and atrial fibrillation. However, a delta-like wide QRS can be observed in the hypertrophied myocardium. When considering the rarity of the paraseptal bypass tract (BT), the normal QRS axis suggests a higher possibility of HCM origin. Otherwise, there is no known electrocardiographic clue indicating a wide QRS differentiation between HCM and WPW syndrome. Moreover, the atriofascicular, nodofascicular/ventricular or fasciculoventricular BT should be differentiated. In this case, atrioventricular conduction system incidental injury revealed a wide QRS origin from the HCM, but this method should be avoided except in some selected cases.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 120-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832987

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).@*METHODS@#From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.@*RESULTS@#After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31–3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.

6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 709-719, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832960

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#In acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI),on-site transmission of electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to reduce systemic timedelay to reperfusion and improve outcomes. However, it has not been adopted in communitybasedemergency transport system in Korea. @*Methods@#Busan Regional Cardio-cerebrovascular Center and Busan Metropolitan City Fireand Safety Headquarters (BMFSH) jointly developed and conducted a pre-hospital ECGtransmission program. Seven tertiary hospitals and 22 safety stations of BMFSH participated.Systemic time delay to reperfusion of STEMI patients in the program was compared with thatof 95 patients transported by 119 emergency medical system (EMS) before the program wasimplemented. @*Results@#During the study period, 289 ECG transmissions were made by 119 EMS personnel,executed within 5 minutes in 88.1% of cases. Of these, 42 ECGs were interpreted as STsegmentelevation. Final diagnosis of STEMI was made in 20 patients who underwent primarypercutaneous coronary intervention. With the program, systemic time delay to reperfusion wassignificantly reduced (median [interquartile range; IQR], 76.0 [62.2–98.7] vs. 90.0 [75.0–112.0],p<0.01). Significant reduction of door-to-balloon time was also observed (median [IQR], 45.0[34.0–69.5] vs. 58.0 [51.0–68.0], p=0.03). The proportion of patients with systemic time delayshorter than 90 minutes rose (51.6% vs. 75.0%, p=0.08) with pre-hospital ECG transmission. @*Conclusions@#We developed and implemented a community-based pre-hospital ECG transmission program for expeditious triage of STEMI patients. Significant reductions ofsystemic time delay and door-to-balloon time were observed. The expanded use of prehospitalECG transmission should be encouraged to realize the full potential of this program.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831758

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Minimising total ischemic time (TIT) is important for improving clinical outcomes in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction who have undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). TIT has not shown a significant improvement due to persistent pre-hospital delay. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with pre-hospital delay. @*Methods@#Individuals enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health between 2011 and 2015 were included in this study. The study population was analyzed according to the symptom-to-door time (STDT; within 60 or > 60 minutes), and according to the type of hospital visit (emergency medical services [EMS], non-PCI center, or PCI center). @*Results@#A total of 4,874 patients were included in the analysis, of whom 28.4% arrived at the hospital within 60 minutes of symptom-onset. Old age (> 65 years), female gender, and renewed ischemia were independent predictors of delayed STDT. Utilising EMS was the only factor shown to reduce STDT within 60 minutes, even when cardiogenic shock was evident. The overall frequency of EMS utilisation was low (21.7%). Female gender was associated with not utilising EMS, whereas cardiogenic shock, previous myocardial infarction, familial history of ischemic heart disease, and off-hour visits were associated with utilising EMS. @*Conclusions@#Factors associated with delayed STDT and not utilising EMS could be targets for preventive intervention to improve STDT and TIT.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 120-129, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786227

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data regarding the benefit of clopidogrel monotherapy after dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) in patients treated with drug-eluting stents (DES). This study compared outcome between clopidogrel versus aspirin as monotherapy after DES for acute myocardial infarction (MI).METHODS: From Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database, 1,819 patients treated with DES who were switched to monotherapy with clopidogrel (n=534) or aspirin (n=1,285) after uneventful 12-month DAPT were analyzed. The primary endpoint was net adverse clinical events (NACE), defined as a composite of death from any cause, MI, repeat percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), stent thrombosis, ischemic stroke, or major bleeding during the period from 12 to 24 months.RESULTS: After adjustment using inverse probability of treatment weighting, patients who received clopidogrel, compared with those treated with aspirin, had a similar incidence of NACE (0.7% and 0.7%; hazard ratio, 1.06; 95% confidence interval, 0.31–3.60; p=0.923). The 2 groups had similar rates of death from any cause (0.1% in each group, p=0.789), MI (0.3% and 0.1%, respectively; p=0.226), repeat PCI (0.1% and 0.3%, respectively; p=0.548), stent thrombosis (0.1% and 0%, respectively; p=0.121), major bleeding (0.2% in each group, p=0.974), and major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (0.5% in each group, p=0.924).CONCLUSIONS: Monotherapy with clopidogrel, compared to aspirin, after DAPT showed similar clinical outcomes in patients with acute MI treated with DES.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Drug-Eluting Stents , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stents , Stroke , Thrombosis
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765664

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Data on the intensity of statin therapy for patients with acute myocardial infarction (MI) and very low baseline low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol level are lacking. We sought to assess the impact of statin intensity in patients with acute MI and LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL. METHODS: A total of 1,086 patients with acute MI and baseline LDL cholesterol <70 mg/dL from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database were divided into less intensive statin (expected LDL reduction <40%, n=302) and more intensive statin (expected LDL reduction ≥40%, n=784) groups. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs), a composite of cardiac death, MI, revascularization occurring at least 30 days after admission, and stroke, at 12 months. RESULTS: After 1:2 propensity matching, differences were not observed between less intensive (n=302) and more intensive statin (n=604) groups in incidence of cardiac death (0.3% vs. 0.3%) and hemorrhagic stroke (0.3% vs. 0.5%, p=0.727) at 12 months. Compared with the less intensive statin group, the more intensive statin group showed lower target-vessel revascularization (4.6% vs. 1.8%, p=0.027) and MACCE (11.6% vs. 7.0%, p=0.021). Major bleeding was not different between less intensive and more intensive statin groups (1.0% vs. 2.6%, p=0.118). CONCLUSION: More intensive statin therapy was associated with significantly lower major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute MI and very low LDL cholesterol compared with less intensive statin therapy.


Subject(s)
Cholesterol , Cholesterol, LDL , Death , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Incidence , Korea , Lipoproteins , Myocardial Infarction , Stroke
10.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 709-720, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Diffuse long coronary artery disease (DLCAD) still has unfavorable clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES; Resolute™ Integrity) for patients with DLCAD. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2014, 1,011 patients who underwent PCI using R-ZES for CAD with longer than 25 mm lesion were prospectively enrolled from 21 hospitals in Korea. We assessed the clinical outcome of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months. RESULTS: Mean age was 63.8±10.8 years, 701 (69.3%) patients were male, 572 (87.0%) patients had hypertension, 339 (33.8%) patients had diabetes, 549 (54.3%) patients diagnosed with acute MI and 545 (53.9%) patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). A total of 1,697 stents were implanted into a total of 1,472 lesions. The mean diameter was 3.07±0.38 mm and the length was 28.27±6.97 mm. Multiple overlapping stents were performed in 205 (13.8%) lesions. A 12-month clinical follow-up was available in 1,004 patients (99.3%). The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12-month were 3.0% and 0.3% respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, multiple overlapping stents implantation, previous congestive heart failure, MVD, and age ≥75 years were independent predictors of one-year MACE. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that R-ZES has an excellent 1-year clinical outcome in Korean patients with DLCAD.


Subject(s)
Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Vessels , Death , Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Korea , Male , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Stents , Thrombosis , Treatment Outcome
11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1022-1032, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intermediate coronary lesion that can be under- or over-estimated by visual estimation frequently results in stenting of functionally nonsignificant lesions or deferral of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of significant lesions inappropriately. We evaluated current status of PCI for intermediate lesions from a standardized database in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the Korean percutaneous coronary intervention (K-PCI) registry data which collected a standardized PCI database of the participating hospitals throughout the country from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2014. Intermediate lesion was defined as a luminal narrowing between 50% and 70% by visual estimation and then compared whether the invasive physiologic or imaging study was performed or not. RESULTS: Physiology-guided PCI for intermediate lesions was performed in 16.8% for left anterior descending artery (LAD), 9.8% for left circumflex artery (LCX), 13.2% for right coronary artery (RCA). PCI was more frequently performed using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) than using fractional flow reserve (FFR) for coronary artery segments (27.7% vs. 13.9% for LAD, 32.9% vs. 8.1% for LCX, and 33.8% vs. 10.8% for RCA). In accordance with or without FFR, PCI for intermediate lesions was more frequently performed in the hospitals with available FFR device than without FFR, especially in left main artery (LM), proximal LAD lesion (40.9% vs. 5.9% for LM, 24.6% vs 7.6% for proximal LAD). CONCLUSIONS: These data provide the current PCI practice pattern with the use of FFR and IVUS in intermediate lesion. More common use of FFR for intermediate lesion should be encouraged.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Coronary Vessels , Fractional Flow Reserve, Myocardial , Korea , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Phenobarbital , Stents , Ultrasonography
12.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 1022-1032, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Intermediate coronary lesion that can be under- or over-estimated by visual estimation frequently results in stenting of functionally nonsignificant lesions or deferral of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of significant lesions inappropriately. We evaluated current status of PCI for intermediate lesions from a standardized database in Korea.@*METHODS@#We analyzed the Korean percutaneous coronary intervention (K-PCI) registry data which collected a standardized PCI database of the participating hospitals throughout the country from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2014. Intermediate lesion was defined as a luminal narrowing between 50% and 70% by visual estimation and then compared whether the invasive physiologic or imaging study was performed or not.@*RESULTS@#Physiology-guided PCI for intermediate lesions was performed in 16.8% for left anterior descending artery (LAD), 9.8% for left circumflex artery (LCX), 13.2% for right coronary artery (RCA). PCI was more frequently performed using intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) than using fractional flow reserve (FFR) for coronary artery segments (27.7% vs. 13.9% for LAD, 32.9% vs. 8.1% for LCX, and 33.8% vs. 10.8% for RCA). In accordance with or without FFR, PCI for intermediate lesions was more frequently performed in the hospitals with available FFR device than without FFR, especially in left main artery (LM), proximal LAD lesion (40.9% vs. 5.9% for LM, 24.6% vs 7.6% for proximal LAD).@*CONCLUSIONS@#These data provide the current PCI practice pattern with the use of FFR and IVUS in intermediate lesion. More common use of FFR for intermediate lesion should be encouraged.

13.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 709-720, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917243

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Diffuse long coronary artery disease (DLCAD) still has unfavorable clinical outcomes after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Resolute™ zotarolimus-eluting stent (R-ZES; Resolute™ Integrity) for patients with DLCAD.@*METHODS@#From December 2011 to December 2014, 1,011 patients who underwent PCI using R-ZES for CAD with longer than 25 mm lesion were prospectively enrolled from 21 hospitals in Korea. We assessed the clinical outcome of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinically-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months.@*RESULTS@#Mean age was 63.8±10.8 years, 701 (69.3%) patients were male, 572 (87.0%) patients had hypertension, 339 (33.8%) patients had diabetes, 549 (54.3%) patients diagnosed with acute MI and 545 (53.9%) patients had multi-vessel disease (MVD). A total of 1,697 stents were implanted into a total of 1,472 lesions. The mean diameter was 3.07±0.38 mm and the length was 28.27±6.97 mm. Multiple overlapping stents were performed in 205 (13.8%) lesions. A 12-month clinical follow-up was available in 1,004 patients (99.3%). The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12-month were 3.0% and 0.3% respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, multiple overlapping stents implantation, previous congestive heart failure, MVD, and age ≥75 years were independent predictors of one-year MACE.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study shows that R-ZES has an excellent 1-year clinical outcome in Korean patients with DLCAD.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transradial intervention (TRI) is becoming the preferred method over transfemoral intervention (TFI) because TRI is associated with lower incidence of major bleeding and vascular complications. However, there has been limited published data regarding the clinical outcomes of TRI versus TFI in Korean patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: A total of 689 consecutive STEMI patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DESs) from January to December of 2009 at nine university hospitals were enrolled in this study. Mid-term angiographic and 12-month cumulative clinical outcomes of the TRI group (n = 220, 31.9%) were compared to those of the TFI group (n = 469, 28.1%). RESULTS: After propensity score matching, in-hospital complications and the 12-month major clinical outcomes during follow-up in the two groups were similar to each other. However, the incidence rates of repeat revascularization (6.4% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.003), target vessel revascularization (6.4% vs. 0.5%, p = 0.003), and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; 11.6% vs. 4.6%, p = 0.018) in the TFI group were higher than those in the TRI group during the 12-month of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, TRI in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with DESs was associated with lower incidence of access site hematoma, 12-month repeat revascularization, and MACE compared to TFI. Therefore, TRI might play an important role in reducing bleeding complications while improving major clinical outcomes in STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with DESs.


Subject(s)
Drug-Eluting Stents , Follow-Up Studies , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Hospitals, University , Humans , Incidence , Methods , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Propensity Score
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 72-79, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742502

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study sought to determine the 1-year clinical effectiveness and safety of a biodegradable, polymer-containing Biolimus A9™-eluting stent (BES) in Korean patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1000 ACS patients with 1251 lesions who underwent implantation of BESs at 22 centers in Korea were enrolled between May 2011 and July 2013. We assessed major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as the composite of cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and clinical-driven target vessel revascularization at 12 months. RESULTS: Patient mean age was 62.6±11.4 years. 72.8% of the patients were male, 28.5% had diabetes, 32.8% had multi-vessel disease (MVD), and 47.9% presented with acute MI (AMI). The mean global registry of acute coronary events risk score of all patients was 103.0±27.6. The number of stents per patient was 1.3±0.6. The incidences of MACE and definite stent thrombosis at 12 months were 3.9% and 0.2%, respectively. On multivariate Cox-regression analysis, age ≥65 years was identified as an independent predictors of 1-year MACE (hazard ratio=2.474; 95% confidence interval=1.202−5.091). Subgroup analyses revealed no significant differences in the incidence of MACE between patients with and without diabetes (4.3% vs. 3.7%, p=0.667), between those who presented with and without AMI (4.4% vs. 3.4%, p=0.403), and between those with and without MVD (4.6% vs. 3.5%, p=0.387). CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated excellent 1-year clinical outcomes of BES implantation in patients at low-risk for ACS.


Subject(s)
Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Aged , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Female , Humans , Incidence , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Republic of Korea , Sirolimus/adverse effects , Sirolimus/analogs & derivatives , Sirolimus/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740045

ABSTRACT

Inappropriate shocks from an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) can cause potentially dangerous ventricular arrhythmias and impaired quality of life. We describe a case in which a dislodged lead caused inappropriate ICD shocks through simultaneous sensing of atrial and ventricular signals. Interestingly, repeated short-long R-R sequences were recorded, but ICD interrogation parameters were usually unchanged.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Defibrillators , Quality of Life , Shock
17.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 813-825, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738750

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the history of medical resource consumption and quality of life (QoL) in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients in Korea. METHODS: This was a prospective, multi-center (23 tertiary-hospitals, division of cardiology), non-interventional study. Adult patients (age ≥20 years) suffering from PAD for the last 12-month were enrolled in the study if they met with any of following; 1) ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≤0.9, 2) lower-extremity artery stenosis on computed tomography angiography ≥50%, or 3) peak-systolic-velocity-ratio (PSVR) on ultrasound ≥2.0. Medical chart review was used to assess patient characteristics/treatment patterns while the history of medical resource consumption and QoL data were collected using a patient survey. QoL was measured using EuroQoL-5-dimensions-3-level (EQ-5D-3L) score system, and the factors associated with QoL were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis. RESULTS: This study included 1,260 patients (age: 69.8 years, male: 77.0%). The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension (74.8%), hyperlipidemia (51.0%) and diabetes-mellitus (50.2%). The 94.1% of the patients took pharmacotherapy including aspirin (76.2%), clopidogrel (53.3%), and cilostazol (33.6%). The 12.6% of the patients were receiving smoking cessation education/pharmacotherapy. A considerable number of patients (500 patients, 40.0%) had visit history to another hospital before diagnosis/treatment at the current hospital, with visits to orthopedic units (50.4%) being the most common. At the time, 29% (or higher) of the patients were already experiencing symptoms of critical limb ischemia. Baseline EQ-5D index and EQ VAS were 0.64±0.24 and 67.49±18.29. Factors significantly associated with QoL were pharmacotherapy (B=0.05053; p=0.044) compared to no pharmacotherapy, and Fontaine stage improvement/maintain stage I (B=0.04448; p < 0.001) compared to deterioration/maintain stage II–IV. CONCLUSIONS: Increase in disease awareness for earlier diagnosis and provision of adequate pharmacotherapy is essential to reduce disease burden and improve QoL of Korean PAD patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Angiography , Ankle Brachial Index , Arteries , Aspirin , Comorbidity , Constriction, Pathologic , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Extremities , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hypertension , Ischemia , Korea , Linear Models , Male , Orthopedics , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Smoking Cessation , Ultrasonography
18.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 813-825, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917220

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#We aimed to investigate the history of medical resource consumption and quality of life (QoL) in peripheral arterial disease (PAD) patients in Korea.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, multi-center (23 tertiary-hospitals, division of cardiology), non-interventional study. Adult patients (age ≥20 years) suffering from PAD for the last 12-month were enrolled in the study if they met with any of following; 1) ankle-brachial index (ABI) ≤0.9, 2) lower-extremity artery stenosis on computed tomography angiography ≥50%, or 3) peak-systolic-velocity-ratio (PSVR) on ultrasound ≥2.0. Medical chart review was used to assess patient characteristics/treatment patterns while the history of medical resource consumption and QoL data were collected using a patient survey. QoL was measured using EuroQoL-5-dimensions-3-level (EQ-5D-3L) score system, and the factors associated with QoL were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis.@*RESULTS@#This study included 1,260 patients (age: 69.8 years, male: 77.0%). The most prevalent comorbidities were hypertension (74.8%), hyperlipidemia (51.0%) and diabetes-mellitus (50.2%). The 94.1% of the patients took pharmacotherapy including aspirin (76.2%), clopidogrel (53.3%), and cilostazol (33.6%). The 12.6% of the patients were receiving smoking cessation education/pharmacotherapy. A considerable number of patients (500 patients, 40.0%) had visit history to another hospital before diagnosis/treatment at the current hospital, with visits to orthopedic units (50.4%) being the most common. At the time, 29% (or higher) of the patients were already experiencing symptoms of critical limb ischemia. Baseline EQ-5D index and EQ VAS were 0.64±0.24 and 67.49±18.29. Factors significantly associated with QoL were pharmacotherapy (B=0.05053; p=0.044) compared to no pharmacotherapy, and Fontaine stage improvement/maintain stage I (B=0.04448; p < 0.001) compared to deterioration/maintain stage II–IV.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increase in disease awareness for earlier diagnosis and provision of adequate pharmacotherapy is essential to reduce disease burden and improve QoL of Korean PAD patients.

19.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 462-468, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-195061

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The earliest atrial (A)/ventricular (V) activation potential, or accessory pathway (AP) potential are commonly used as ablation targets for atrioventricular (AV) APs. However, these targets are sometimes ambiguous. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 119 catheter ablation cases in 112 patients diagnosed with orthodromic atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) or Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome. Local A/V amplitude potentials with the earliest activation or AP potential were measured shortly before achieving antegrade AP conduction block, ventriculoatrial block during right ventricle (RV) pacing, or AVRT termination with no AP conduction. RESULTS: APs were located in the left lateral (55.5%), left posterior (17.6%), left posteroseptal (10.1%), midseptal (1.7%), right posteroseptal (7.6%), right posterior (1.7%), and right lateral (5.9%) regions. The mean earliest activation time was 16.7±15.5 ms, mean A/V potential was 1.1±0.9/1.0±0.9 mV, and mean A/V ratio was 1.7±2.0. There was no statistically significant difference between the activation methods (antegrade vs. RV pacing vs. orthodromic AVRT) or AP locations (left vs. right atrium). However, when the local A/V ratio was divided into 3 groups (≤0.6, 1.0±0.3, and ≥1.4), the antegrade approach resulted in an A/V ratio greater than 1.0±0.3 (86.7%, p=0.007), and the orthodromic AVRT state resulted in a ratio of less than 1.0±0.3 (87.5%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: The mean local A/V potential and ratio did not differ by activation method or AP location. However, a different A/V ratio based on activation method (≥1.0±0.3, antegrade approach; and ≤1.0±0.3, orthodromic AVRT state) could be a good adjuvant marker for targeting AV APs.


Subject(s)
Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac , Heart Ventricles , Humans , Methods , Tachycardia , Tachycardia, Supraventricular
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10043

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Limited information is available on the effectiveness of lipid-modifying therapy (LMT) for low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglyceride (TG) in the Korean population. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence of different types of lipid disorders in Korean patients using LMT. METHODS: Eight hundred seventy-one dyslipidemia patients, who were LMT-naive for >1 year prior to retrospective enrollment, were included for analysis. Serum levels of LDL-C, HDL-C, TG and total cholesterol (TC) were assessed after >1 year of LMT. We also analyzed the therapeutic effects of LMT in the subjects with high cardiovascular risk factors (n=629), atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) (n=296) or diabetes without ASCVD (n=316). RESULTS: The rates of elevated LDL-C without other abnormal lipids levels, elevated TG or decreased HDL-C (with normal LDL-C levels) and high LDL-C combined with elevated TG and/or decreased HDL-C were 33.4%, 13.0% and 53.6%, respectively. After at least one year on LMT (statin alone: 81%, statin and cholesterol absorption inhibitor: 10%, fibrates alone: 3%, others: 3%), 61% of patients had at least one lipid abnormality, with 3.4% failing to reach the therapeutic LDL-C target level or a normal level of HDL-C and TG. After LMT, 64.9% of patients with high cardiovascular risk factors, 64.5% of those with ASCVD or and 64.2% of those with diabetes without ASCVD also had at least one lipid abnormality. CONCLUSION: Approximately two-thirds of patients did not reach the target or normal lipid profile after taking LMT, irrespective of combining disease and high cardiovascular risk factors. Tight lipid control is required, especially in patients with dyslipidemia and high cardiovascular risk factors or comorbid diseases.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Dyslipidemias , Fibric Acids , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Korea , Lipoproteins , Observational Study , Prevalence , Primary Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Therapeutic Uses , Triglycerides
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