Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
1.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 786-791, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914618

ABSTRACT

In preparation for the surge of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), it is crucial to allocate medical resources efficiently for distinguishing people who remain asymptomatic until the end of the disease. Between January 27, 2020, and April 21, 2020, 517 COVID-19 cases from 13 healthcare facilities in Gyeonggi province, Korea, were identified out of which the epidemiologic and clinical information of 66 asymptomatic patients at the time of diagnosis were analyzed retrospectively. An exposure-diagnosis interval within 7 days and abnormal aspartate aminotransferase levels were identified as characteristic symptom development in asymptomatic COVID-19 patients. If asymptomatic patients without these characteristics at the time of diagnosis could be differentiated early, more medical resources could be secured for mild or moderate cases in this COVID-19 surge.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e204-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892219

ABSTRACT

Background@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began in December 2019.While it has not yet ended, COVID-19 has already created transitions in health care, one of which is a decrease in medical use for health-related issues other than COVID-19 infection.Korean soldiers are relatively homogeneous in terms of age and physical condition. They show a similar disease distribution pattern every year and are directly affected by changes in government attempts to control COVID-19 with nonpharmaceutical interventions. This study aimed to identify the changes in patterns of outpatient visits and admissions to military hospitals for a range of disease types during a pandemic. @*Methods@#Outpatient attendance and admission data from all military hospitals in South Korea from January 2016 to December 2020 were analyzed. Only active enlisted soldiers aged 18–32 years were included. Outpatient visits where there was a diagnosis of pneumonia, acute upper respiratory tract infection, infectious conjunctivitis, infectious enteritis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and fractures were analyzed. Admissions for pneumonia, acute enteritis, and fractures were also analyzed. All outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 for each disease were counted on a weekly basis and compared with the average number of visits over the same period of each year from 2016 to 2019. The corrected value was calculated by dividing the ratio of total weekly number of outpatient visits or admissions to the corresponding medical department in 2020 to the average in 2016–2019. @*Results@#A total of 5,813,304 cases of outpatient care and 143,022 cases of admission were analyzed. For pneumonia, the observed and corrected numbers of outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 decreased significantly compared with the average of other years (P < 0.001). The results were similar for outpatient visits for acute upper respiratory tract infection and infectious conjunctivitis (P < 0.001), while the corrected number of outpatient visits for infectious enteritis showed a significant increase in 2020 (P = 0.005). The corrected number of outpatient visits for asthma in 2020 did not differ from the average of the previous 4 years but the number of visits for the other allergic diseases increased significantly (P < 0.001). For fractures, the observed and corrected numbers of outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 decreased significantly compared with the average of other years (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#During the COVID-19 pandemic, outpatient visits to military hospitals for respiratory and conjunctival infections and fractures decreased, whereas visits for allergic diseases did not change or increased only slightly. Admissions for pneumonia decreased significantly in 2020, while those for acute enteritis and fractures also decreased, but showed an increased proportion compared with previous years. These results are important because they illustrate the changing patterns in lifestyle as a result of public encouragement to adopt nonpharmaceutical interventions during the pandemic and their effect on medical needs for both infectious and noninfectious diseases in a select group.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e204-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899923

ABSTRACT

Background@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began in December 2019.While it has not yet ended, COVID-19 has already created transitions in health care, one of which is a decrease in medical use for health-related issues other than COVID-19 infection.Korean soldiers are relatively homogeneous in terms of age and physical condition. They show a similar disease distribution pattern every year and are directly affected by changes in government attempts to control COVID-19 with nonpharmaceutical interventions. This study aimed to identify the changes in patterns of outpatient visits and admissions to military hospitals for a range of disease types during a pandemic. @*Methods@#Outpatient attendance and admission data from all military hospitals in South Korea from January 2016 to December 2020 were analyzed. Only active enlisted soldiers aged 18–32 years were included. Outpatient visits where there was a diagnosis of pneumonia, acute upper respiratory tract infection, infectious conjunctivitis, infectious enteritis, asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, atopic dermatitis, urticaria, and fractures were analyzed. Admissions for pneumonia, acute enteritis, and fractures were also analyzed. All outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 for each disease were counted on a weekly basis and compared with the average number of visits over the same period of each year from 2016 to 2019. The corrected value was calculated by dividing the ratio of total weekly number of outpatient visits or admissions to the corresponding medical department in 2020 to the average in 2016–2019. @*Results@#A total of 5,813,304 cases of outpatient care and 143,022 cases of admission were analyzed. For pneumonia, the observed and corrected numbers of outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 decreased significantly compared with the average of other years (P < 0.001). The results were similar for outpatient visits for acute upper respiratory tract infection and infectious conjunctivitis (P < 0.001), while the corrected number of outpatient visits for infectious enteritis showed a significant increase in 2020 (P = 0.005). The corrected number of outpatient visits for asthma in 2020 did not differ from the average of the previous 4 years but the number of visits for the other allergic diseases increased significantly (P < 0.001). For fractures, the observed and corrected numbers of outpatient visits and admissions in 2020 decreased significantly compared with the average of other years (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#During the COVID-19 pandemic, outpatient visits to military hospitals for respiratory and conjunctival infections and fractures decreased, whereas visits for allergic diseases did not change or increased only slightly. Admissions for pneumonia decreased significantly in 2020, while those for acute enteritis and fractures also decreased, but showed an increased proportion compared with previous years. These results are important because they illustrate the changing patterns in lifestyle as a result of public encouragement to adopt nonpharmaceutical interventions during the pandemic and their effect on medical needs for both infectious and noninfectious diseases in a select group.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1440-1444, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200239

ABSTRACT

Zika is a re-emerging, mosquito-borne viral infection, which has been recently shown to cause microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Since 2015 the number of infected patients has increased significantly in South America. The purpose of this study was to identify the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of patients with Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in Korea. Patients who had visited areas of risk and tested positive in the ZIKV reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in blood, urine, or saliva specimens were included. The first Korean case of ZIKV infection was reported in March 2016, and 14 cases had been reported by October 2016. The median age of the patients was 34 years (19–64 years). Ten patients had been exposed in Southeast Asia and 4 in Latin America. Rash was the most common symptom (92.9%; 13/14), followed by myalgia (50.0%; 7/14), and arthralgia (28.6%, 4/14). There were no neurologic abnormalities and none of the patients was pregnant. Results of biochemical tests were normal. Positivity rates of RT-PCR for ZIKV in serum, urine, and saliva were 53.8%, 100.0%, and 83.3%, respectively in the first week of symptoms. In conclusion, 14 patients with ZIKV infections were reported in Korea by October 2016 and all of them had mild clinical symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthralgia , Asia, Southeastern , Epidemiology , Exanthema , Guillain-Barre Syndrome , Korea , Latin America , Microcephaly , Myalgia , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Saliva , South America , Virus Shedding , Zika Virus
5.
6.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 256-260, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-92660

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old man presented with lower back pain and cyanotic changes in his left lower extremity. He was diagnosed with infected aortic aneurysm and infectious spondylitis. He had received intravesical Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) therapy up to 1 month before the onset of symptoms. The aneurysm was excised and an aorto-biiliac interposition graft was performed. Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex was cultured in the surgical specimens. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the senX3-regX3 region, and multiplex PCR using dual-priming oligonucleotide primers targeting the RD1 gene, revealed that the organism isolated was Mycobacterium bovis BCG. The patient took anti-tuberculosis medication for 1 year, and there was no evidence of recurrence at 18 months follow-up.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Administration, Intravesical , Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Infected , Aortic Aneurysm , Bacillus , DNA Primers , Follow-Up Studies , Genes, rev , Low Back Pain , Lower Extremity , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mycobacterium bovis , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Recurrence , Spondylitis , Transplants , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder
7.
Allergy, Asthma & Respiratory Disease ; : 155-158, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83892

ABSTRACT

Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) is an antibiotic used for the treatment or prophylaxis of Pneumocystis pneumonia and other infectious conditions. Sulfonamide derivatives have been reported to cause delayed hypersensitivity reactions, resulting in switch to less effective second-line antibiotics. Although desensitization is traditionally known to be effective in patients with immediate hypersensitivity, it is also applied to the treatment of delayed hypersensitivity in recent years. A 66-year-old female who had a history of repeated TMP-SMX-induced delayed hypersensitivity presenting as whole body rashes needed to take prophylactic dose of TMP-SMX (80/400 mg daily) before initiation of chemotherapy for multiple myeloma. Intravenous rapid desensitization was performed by using a 11-step, 4-bottle protocol from 1:1,000 to 1:1 solution for 3 hours to reach the target dose for prophylaxis. After successful rapid desensitization of TMP-SMX, 1-month prophylaxis was completed without any complications until the patient recovered normal immunity. We herein reported a case of delayed hypersensitivity reaction to TMP-SMX in an about-to-be immunocompromised host with planned chemotherapy who successfully completed 1-month prophylaxis with the drug without any complications through rapid desensitization.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Desensitization, Immunologic , Drug Therapy , Exanthema , Hypersensitivity, Delayed , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Immunocompromised Host , Multiple Myeloma , Pneumonia, Pneumocystis , Sulfamethoxazole , Trimethoprim , Trimethoprim, Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination
8.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 281-285, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114235

ABSTRACT

Statins lower the hyperlipidemia and reduce the incidence of cardiovascular events and related mortality. A 60-year-old man who was diagnosed with a transient ischemic attack was started on acetyl-L-carnitine, cilostazol, and rosuvastatin. After rosuvastatin treatment for 4 weeks, the patient presented with sudden onset fever, cough, and dyspnea. His symptoms were aggravated despite empirical antibiotic treatment. All infectious pathogens were excluded based on results of culture and polymerase chain reaction of the bronchoscopic wash specimens. Chest radiography showed diffuse ground-glass opacities in both lungs, along with several subpleural ground-glass opacity nodules; and a foamy alveolar macrophage appearance was confirmed on bronchoalveolar lavage. We suspected rosuvastatin-induced lung injury, discontinued rosuvastatin and initiated prednisolone 1 mg/kg tapered over 2weeks. After initiating steroid therapy, his symptoms and radiologic findings significantly improved. We suggest that clinicians should be aware of the potential for rosuvastatin-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Acetylcarnitine , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Chemically-Induced Disorders , Cough , Dyspnea , Fever , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Hyperlipidemias , Incidence , Ischemic Attack, Transient , Lung , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung Injury , Macrophages, Alveolar , Mortality , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prednisolone , Radiography , Thorax , Rosuvastatin Calcium
9.
Korean Journal of Nosocomial Infection Control ; : 64-70, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10184

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the quality of surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) in a tertiary hospital. METHODS: Medical, anesthetic, and nursing records from the 27,320 procedures conducted in a tertiary hospital during 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. Three clinical performance indicators of SAP (selection of antibiotic, timing of the first administration, duration of prophylaxis) were included as part of the National Hospital Evaluation Program (NHEP) of the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service. In addition, 2 other parameters were assessed according to recent guidelines (weight-based initial dosing for obesity, intraoperative re-dosing for excessive blood loss, and prolonged duration of procedures). RESULTS: Prophylactic antibiotics were administered in 19,637 (71.8%) of 27,320 total procedures. Quality of the 3 performance indicators was higher in the types of operations included in NHEP than in other procedures. However, additional doses were administered in 15 (1.2%) of 1,299 surgical procedures that lasted more than twice the half-life of the antibiotic used, and in 9 (3.3%) of 273 procedures with excessive blood loss greater than 1,500 mL. NHEP and non-NHEP results did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: Three SAP quality indicators showed more improvement in NHEP surgical procedures than in non-NHEP, but the other parameters did not perform well regardless of NHEP assessment. Therefore, more measures to improve the appropriateness of SAP should be developed.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Half-Life , Insurance, Health , Nursing Records , Obesity , Quality Indicators, Health Care , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL