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Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 592-602, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976706


Purpose@#The utility of postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) for breast cancer patients after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is highly controversial. This study evaluated the impact of PMRT according to pathologic nodal status after modern NAC. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 682 patients with clinical stage II-III breast cancer who underwent NAC and mastectomy from 2013 to 2017. In total, 596 patients (87.4%) received PMRT, and 86 (12.6%) did not. We investigated the relationships among locoregional recurrence-free survival (LRRFS), disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and various prognostic factors. Subgroup analyses were also performed to identify patients who may benefit from PMRT. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 67 months. In ypN+ patients (n=368, 51.2%), PMRT showed significant benefits in terms of LRRFS, DFS, and OS (all p < 0.001). In multivariate analyses, histologic grade (HG) III (p=0.002), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (p=0.045), and ypN2-3 (p=0.02) were significant risk factors for poor LRRFS. In ypN1 patients with more than two prognostic factors among luminal/human epidermal growth factor receptor-2–negative subtype, HG I-II, and absence of LVI, PMRT had no significant effect on LRRFS (p=0.18). In ypN0 patients (n=351, 48.8%), PMRT was not significantly associated with LRRFS, DFS, or OS. However, PMRT showed better LRRFS in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients (p=0.03). @*Conclusion@#PMRT had a major impact on treatment outcomes in patients with residual lymph nodes following NAC and mastectomy. Among ypN0 patients, PMRT may be beneficial only for those with TNBC.

Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 260-269, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968571


Purpose@#Nasopharyngeal cancer (NPC) has a higher prevalence of regional nodal metastasis than other head and neck cancers; however, level IB lymph node involvement is rare. We evaluated the safety and feasibility of level IB-sparing radiotherapy (RT) for NPC patients. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 236 patients with NPC who underwent definitive intensity-modulated RT with or without chemotherapy between 2004 and 2018. Of them, 212 received IB-sparing RT, and 24 received non-IB-sparing RT. We conducted a propensity score matching analysis to compare treatment outcomes according to IB-sparing status. In addition, dosimetric analysis of the salivary glands was performed to identify the relationship between xerostomia and the IB-sparing RT. @*Results@#The median follow-up duration was 78 months (range, 7 to 194 months). Local, regional, and distant recurrences were observed in 11.9%, 6.8%, and 16.1% of patients, respectively. Of the 16 patients with regional recurrence, 14 underwent IB-sparing RT. The most common site categorization of regional recurrence was level II (75%), followed by retropharyngeal lymph nodes (43.8%); however, there was no recurrence at level IB. In the matched cohorts, IB-sparing RT was not significantly related to treatment outcomes. However, IB-sparing RT patients received a significantly lower mean ipsilateral and contralateral submandibular glands doses (all, p < 0.001) and had a lower incidence of chronic xerostomia compared with non-IB-sparing RT patients (p = 0.006). @*Conclusion@#Our results demonstrated that IB-sparing RT is sufficiently safe and feasible for treating NPC. To reduce the occurrence of xerostomia, IB-sparing RT should be considered without compromising target coverage.