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1.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 281-285, 1983.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175839

ABSTRACT

Nineteen patients of carcinoma of the prostate admitted to the Department of Urology, Chonnam University Medical School, between 1977 and 1981 were reviewed linically. The following results were obtained. 1. The average age of the patients was 68.6 years, with a range of 25 to 85 years. 2. The average duration from onset of the symptoms to admission was 8 months, with a range of 8 days to 4 years. The presenting symptoms were of prostatic obstruction in 17 cages (89.5%), gross hematuria in 3 cases (15.8%) and bone pain in 3 cases (15.8%). 3. Serum acid phosphatase level was elevated in 7 of 19 patients, 5 of whom had distant metastasis. Serum alkaline phosphatase level was elevated in 5 of 19 patients, 2 of whom had osteoblastic bony metastasis. 4. Biopsy of the prostate was performed by transrectal needle biopsy in 8 cases, transperineal needle biopsy in 2 cases and transurethral resection in 3 cages. All cases were revealed adenocarcinoma of the prostate. In 6 cases adenocarcinoma of the prostate was found within the hyperplastic benign prostatic lobes. 5. Orchiectomy was done in 5 cases and endocrine therapy was done in 13 cases. 6. Follow-up studies were performed clinically in 11 cages ranging in duration from 4 months to 42 months. During this period 3 patients died in 10 months, 11 months and 24 months after operation, respectively.


Subject(s)
Acid Phosphatase , Adenocarcinoma , Alkaline Phosphatase , Biopsy , Biopsy, Needle , Follow-Up Studies , Hematuria , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Orchiectomy , Osteoblasts , Prostate , Prostatic Neoplasms , Schools, Medical , Urology
2.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 829-835, 1983.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-29273

ABSTRACT

A clinical observation was made on 47 patients of renal staghorn calculi who were admitted to the Department of Urology, Chonnam University Medical School during the 6 years period from January, 1977 to December 1982. The following results were obtained. 1. There were 24 men and 23 women with a ratio of 1.04:1. The age of three-fourths patients of renal staghorn calculi ranged from 40 to 59 years, with peak age incidence in the fifth decade. 2. Prominent symptomatology was present in 44 patients and 3 patients were asymptomatic. In the symptomatic group flank pain was present in 40 cases, hematuria in 13 and recurrent urinary tract infection in 2. Of the asymptomatic patients 2 had significant bacteriuria and 1 had a nonfunctioning kidney on excretory urogram. 3. The calculus was unilateral in 40 patients (right side in 26 and left side in 14) and bilateral in 7. 4. The majority of the patients with renal staghorn calculi showed abnormal urine; finding and relatively well preserved renal function on excretory' urogram. 5. Preoperative urine cultures yielded l0s colonies per ml. organisms in 15 of the 31 patients (48.4%): Escherichia coli in 4, Proteus & Pseudomonas in 3 respectively, Staphylococcus & Enterobacter in 2 respectively and Klebsiella in 1. 6. A total of 47 operations was done in 47 patients. Of the 47 operations 4 were nephrectomies. Stones were removed in 43 patients (43 kidneys). Of the 43 kidneys extended pyelolithotomy was done for 22, pyelonephrolithotomy for 14, anatrophic nephrolithotomy for 4 and nephrolithotomy for 3. 7. A nephrostomy extended into the upper ureter was located in 18 patients (41.9%), There was no difference in duration of nephrostomy tube inlaying between extended pyelolithotomy and pyelonephrolithotomy. 8. Postoperative complications included remnant stone in 14patients(32.6%), hematuria in 11, pyelonephritis in 5 and urinary leakage from nephrostomy site more than 2 weeks in 3. 9. A chemical stone analysis, available in 36 patients, revealed apatite in 20, struvite in 12 and calcium oxalate in 4. A combination of struvite with apatite was present in 8 and of apatite with calcium oxalate in 7 of these 36 cases.


Subject(s)
Bacteriuria , Calcium Oxalate , Calculi , Enterobacter , Escherichia coli , Female , Flank Pain , Hematuria , Humans , Incidence , Kidney , Klebsiella , Male , Nephrectomy , Postoperative Complications , Proteus , Pseudomonas , Pyelonephritis , Schools, Medical , Staphylococcus , Ureter , Urinary Tract Infections , Urology
3.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 989-991, 1982.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-97337

ABSTRACT

A case of congenital urethral duplications which occurred in a 4-month-old male infant was herein presented with brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Urethra
4.
Korean Journal of Urology ; : 703-708, 1982.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201960

ABSTRACT

Two cases of the tumor of the renal pelvis which occurred in boys of the age of 12 and 13 years respectively, having only the chief complaint of intermittent gross hematuria, were herein presented with brief review of literature.


Subject(s)
Child , Hematuria , Humans , Kidney Pelvis
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