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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the difference in clinical efficacy between acupuncture with point selection based on syndrome differentiation along the meridians and acupuncture at non-meridian and non-acupoint points for functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods: A total of 74 FD patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, with 37 cases in each group. Both groups received acupuncture treatment. Zusanli (ST 36) and Neiguan (PC 6) were selected in the observation group, with Taichong (LR 3) and Neiting (ST 44) added for excess syndrome, and Gongsun (SP 4) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) added for deficiency syndrome. Four non-meridian and non-acupoint points were selected in the control group. The treatments in both groups were performed once a day with a 2-day break after 5 consecutive treatments, which constituted one treatment course. A total of 4 courses were performed. The scores of Nepean dyspepsia index (NDI) and Leeds dyspepsia questionnaire (LDQ) were recorded before and after treatment, and during follow-up (8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 weeks after recruitment) to assess the clinical efficacy. Results: The NDI scores in the two groups after treatment and at each time point during follow-up were higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and the LDQ scores were lower than those before treatment (all P<0.05). The NDI scores after treatment and at each time point during follow-up in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (all P<0.01); the total LDQ score and scores of upper abdominal pain, postprandial satiety and upper abdominal burning sensation after treatment and at each time point during follow-up in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05).. Conclusion: Acupuncture with point selection based on syndrome differentiation along the meridians has a better curative effect than acupuncture at non meridian and non-acupoint points in the treatment of FD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 906-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinico-pathological characteristics, outcomes and their predictors in malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases.@*Methods@#Patients with clinical diagnosis of malignant hypertension, biopsy-proven kidney injury caused by malignant hypertension and complete clinical data from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to clinical and renal pathology, patients were divided into malignant hypertension related kidney injury without primary nephropathy group and with primary nephropathy group. Clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes were evaluated and compared between malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases.@*Results@#Totally 31 biopsy-proven kidney injury patients were analyzed. Among them, there were 18 cases with primary glomerular diseases and 13 cases without primary glomerular diseases, with age of (32.5±6.5) years old and (34.7±8.1) years old, respectively. There were 12 males in both group. The proportion of primary IgA nephropathy was higher (16/18) in the group of malignant hypertension related kidney injury with primary glomerular diseases. Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients had lower plasma albunin level [(32.7±6.4) g/L vs (38.5±7.3) g/L, P=0.027], higher 24-hour proteinuria level [(4.03±2.71) g vs (1.45±0.98) g, P=0.002] and higher incidence rates of dysmorphic hematuria (14/18 vs 0, P=0.001) than those without primary glomerular diseases patients. Glomerular sclerosis, mesangial proliferation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were more severe in malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients (all P<0.05), but the ischemic wrinkling of glomerular capillary was more severe in malignant hypertension without primary glomerular diseases (P<0.01). There were no differences of acute or chronic malignant hypertensive injury in small artery and in afferent arterioles between the two groups. Cox regression analysis showed that loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium was the predictor for renal partial recovery (HR=5.956, 95% CI 1.198-29.614, P=0.029). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases had shorter renal survival time than those without primary glomerular diseases [(24.1±9.3) months vs (56.6±12.4) months], and accumulative renal survival rate of malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases was lower than that without primary glomerular diseases (11.6% vs 53.3%, Log-rank χ2=5.022, P=0.025). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that severe tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent risk factors for end-stage renal disease in malignant hypertension patients (HR=5.870, 95% CI 1.372-25.112, P=0.017).@*Conclusions@#Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients have more severe clinico-pathological renal impairment and poorer prognosis of long-term renal survival than those without primary glomerular diseases. Acute renal tubular injury (loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium) is the only predictor of renal function improvement in patients with malignant hypertension and renal impairment within one year. Tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease in patients with malignant hypertension. Renal biopsy is an indispensable tool for predicting short-term and long-term renal outcomes.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804533

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of this study was to develop a highly sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method to explore the pharmacokinetic properties and absolute bioavailability of isoschaftoside in rats. Blood sampling was performed at different time points after intragastric administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg)and 0. 5 mg/kg by intravenous injection. Isoschaftoside was analyzed by a validated LC-MS/MS method in plasma; the pharmacokinetic parameters and absolute bioavailability were evaluated by software DAS 3. 0. The results showed that the linear concentration ranges of isoschaftoside was 1. 0- 500. 0 ng/mL(r=0. 997 6). The precision, accuracy, matrix effect, sensitivity, dilution reliability and stability met the requirements of biological sample analysis. For ig administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter cmax was(109. 34±22. 87), (259. 84±95. 35)and(499. 26±288. 09)ng/mL; AUC0-t was(310. 57±46. 18), (552. 67±207. 14)and(1 075. 03±371. 19)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 36±0. 22), (2. 91±0. 19)and(3. 04±0. 86)h; tmax was(1. 03±0. 25), (1. 18±0. 17)and(1. 5±0. 43)h; MRT0-t was(11. 33±1. 53), (11. 27±1. 09)and(8. 29±0. 76)h, respectively. For iv administration of isoschaftoside(0. 5 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter AUC0-t was(1 536±421. 3)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 57±0. 46)h; MRT0-t was(9. 55±2. 37)h. Furthermore, the absolute bioavailability was 6. 73%, 5. 99%, 5. 80%, respectively. The LC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was accurate and sensitive, so it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of isoschaftoside.

4.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 906-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinico-pathological characteristics, outcomes and their predictors in malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases. Methods Patients with clinical diagnosis of malignant hypertension, biopsy-proven kidney injury caused by malignant hypertension and complete clinical data from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to clinical and renal pathology, patients were divided into malignant hypertension related kidney injury without primary nephropathy group and with primary nephropathy group. Clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes were evaluated and compared between malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases. Results Totally 31 biopsy-proven kidney injury patients were analyzed. Among them, there were 18 cases with primary glomerular diseases and 13 cases without primary glomerular diseases, with age of (32.5 ± 6.5) years old and (34.7 ± 8.1) years old, respectively. There were 12 males in both group. The proportion of primary IgA nephropathy was higher (16/18) in the group of malignant hypertension related kidney injury with primary glomerular diseases. Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients had lower plasma albunin level [(32.7±6.4) g/L vs (38.5±7.3) g/L, P=0.027], higher 24-hour proteinuria level [(4.03 ± 2.71) g vs (1.45 ± 0.98) g, P=0.002] and higher incidence rates of dysmorphic hematuria (14/18 vs 0, P=0.001) than those without primary glomerular diseases patients. Glomerular sclerosis, mesangial proliferation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were more severe in malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients (all P<0.05), but the ischemic wrinkling of glomerular capillary was more severe in malignant hypertension without primary glomerular diseases (P<0.01). There were no differences of acute or chronic malignant hypertensive injury in small artery and in afferent arterioles between the two groups. Cox regression analysis showed that loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium was the predictor for renal partial recovery (HR=5.956, 95%CI 1.198-29.614, P=0.029). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases had shorter renal survival time than those without primary glomerular diseases [(24.1±9.3) months vs (56.6±12.4) months], and accumulative renal survival rate of malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases was lower than that without primary glomerular diseases (11.6% vs 53.3%, Log-rank χ2=5.022, P=0.025). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that severe tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent risk factors for end-stage renal disease in malignant hypertension patients (HR=5.870, 95%CI 1.372-25.112, P=0.017). Conclusions Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients have more severe clinico-pathological renal impairment and poorer prognosis of long-term renal survival than those without primary glomerular diseases. Acute renal tubular injury (loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium) is the only predictor of renal function improvement in patients with malignant hypertension and renal impairment within one year. Tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease in patients with malignant hypertension. Renal biopsy is an indispensable tool for predicting short-term and long-term renal outcomes.

5.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2160-2164, 2018.
Article in Bislama | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688300

ABSTRACT

@#Epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT)of retinal pigment epithelial cells(RPE)plays a key role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR), and also decreases the therapeutic effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(anti-VEGF)to choroidal neovascularization(CNV). In addition, cells transplantation has been becoming a potential therapeutic method to treat age-related macular degeneration(AMD), and some cells sources like human embryonic stem cells(hESC)or induced pluripotent stem cell(iPSC)induced RPE cells, and fetal RPE cells have been attempted. However, EMT, as a common problem, decreases cells proliferation and differentiation efficiency, and it will reduce therapeutic effect and the number of therapeutic populations. So, in this article, we reviewed some possible methods to inhibit EMT.

6.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 241-244, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513204

ABSTRACT

We investigated and analyzed the first case of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus in Yunnan Province,China,so as to provide a better basis for preventing and controlling human infections with viruses of animal origin in the future.We carried out the field epidemiological survey among the patient,close contacts and the live poultry markets,detected and analyzed the samples from patient and the outdoor environment.Results showed that the 9-month-old boy was a case of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus with the history of live poultry markets exposure and the results of nucleic acid detection and virus isolation.There was a lot of contamination of the avian influenza virus in the live poultry markets.The second generation cases have not occurred.The monitoring of pneumonia of unknown etiology and influenza like cases in medical institutions is the important means to find timely cases of human infected with avian influenza.Regular disinfection and closing-down of live poultry markets are key measures to reduce the exposure opportunity.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 250-252,256, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606348

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6),and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in patients with gastric cancers and the clinical relationships with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection.Methods Totally 62 cases of patients who were diagnosed gastric cancer in our hospital from January 2013 to September 2015 were selected as the study group,who did not accept anti-tumor therapy.The patients were divided into the Hp positive group (with 53 cases) and Hp negative group (with 9 cases) according to whether the merger of Hp infection.Another 60 normal healthy volunteers of the same age in our hospital for health examination during the same period were selected as the control group.The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels were detected,and the changes of the factors in the study group and control group were compared and analyzed,as well as the U values of Hp infection.The clinical relationships between the expression levels of the two in patients with gastric cancer and the U values of Hp infection were confirmed.Results The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels and the U values of Hp infection of the study group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05),which in the Hp positive group were significantly higher than those in the Hp negative group (P < 0.05).The levels of serum IL-6 and IL-8 in patients with gastric cancer showed positive correlations with the U value of Hp infection (r =0.457,0.531,P < 0.05).Conclusions The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels in patients with gastric cancer are much higher than those in normal healthy people,and there are significant positive relationship with Hp infection.It can improve the curative effect of gastric cancer patients by improving the eradication rate of Hp.

8.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 531-536, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects and mechanism of uranium dust on collagen synthesis in fibroblastic cells.METHODS: i) RAW264. 7 macrophages were divided into solvent-control group and dust-affected group,and then treated with 0 and 120 mg / L( final concentration) uranium dust suspension for 0,2,4,8,16,24 and 32 hours. The supernatants of cells from these two groups were collected,and transforming growth factor beta 1( TGF-β1) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The best time phase was defined,and the supernatant of RAW264. 7 macrophages culture were separated as the conditioned medium( CM) for subsequent experiments. ii) Normal mouse lung fibroblasts L929 cells were divided into control group and uranium dust group,and treated with the CM of solvent-control group and dust-affected group respectively. After cultivated for 0,6,12,18,24,30 and 36 hours,the expression of α-smooth muscle actin( α-SMA) in L929 cells was detected by immunocytochemistry. The levels of extrac ellular collagen type Ⅰ( Col Ⅰ),collagen type Ⅲ( Col Ⅲ) and hydroxyproline( HYP) were detected by ELISA.RESULTS: i) The level of TGF-β1 in RAW264. 7 macrophages supernatant of the dust-affected group was higher than that of the solvent-control group after treatment with uranium dust for 4 hours,and showed an increasing trend with increasing time during 4-24 hours( P < 0. 05). The peak value was in 24 hours. The best time phase was 24 hours and used for CM of the two groups in subsequent experiments. ii) Compared with the control group at the same time points, the α-SMA expressions of L929 cells in uranium dust group increased after treatment with CM for 18-36 hours( P < 0. 05),the levels of Col Ⅰ,Col Ⅲ and HYP in uranium dust group increased after treatment with CM for 12-36 hours( P < 0. 05); both the expression of α-SMA and levels of Col Ⅲ and HYP increased with increasing time,showing a time-effect relationship( P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: Uranium dust can induce macrophages to secret TGF-β1 and affect fibroblast,increase α-SMAexpression,and increase the Col Ⅰ,Col Ⅲ and HYP synthesis. These might be the important mechanisms of lung fibrosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508364

ABSTRACT

Objective We investigated the value of endoscopic evacuation and craniotomy of the hypertensive in?tracerebral hemorrhage to determine which methods are more suitable for the patients. Methods One hundred twenty pa?tients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage participated this study. They were divided into classic surgical evalua?tion group (n=60) and endoscopic surgical evaluation group (n=60) according to their corresponding surgery strategies. Each patient was assessed by the preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the mean rate and time of hematoma evacua?tion from onset to operation, the postoperative GCS, the mean time of admission in neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) and Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) at 3 month after surgery. Results The continuous (≥3 months) follow-up surveys were all completed by 120 patients. There was no statistical difference in clinical data before operation between two groups (P>0.05). However, clearance of hematoma was much faster and more efficient in endoscopic surgical group than in classic surgical evaluation group (1.5 ± 0.4 vs.3.9 ± 0.6 h, P<0.01; 95.84 ± 2.72% vs.87.48 ± 7.84%, P<0.01). The GCS scores were 10(6,12),12(8,13) and 13(10,13) in endoscopic surgical group whereas were 6(5,9),7(5,11).8(5, 12) in craniotomy group at 1,3 and 7 d followed operation. GCS scores were higher in surgical group than in craniotomy group at all time points (P<0.01). In addition, patients receiving endoscopic treatment showed a shorter NICU admission time than those receiving craniotomy (3.55±4.21d vs. 9.10±4.72d, P<0.01). The intracranial infection and hypostatic pneumonia were sig?nificantly lower in endoscopic than in craniotomy surgery group (0 vs.6 cases; 5 vs. 41 cases, P<0.05). The endoscopic treatment significantly improved the GOS score compared with craniotomy [3(3, 4)vs. 2(2, 3)] (P<0.01). Conclusion Endoscopic evacuation of hematoma for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is efficient and minimally invasive, which is superior to craniotomy.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601341

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of sequential therapy combined with probiotics,pure sequen-tial therapy and standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.Methods Selected the clinical data of 240 patients admitted.The 240 patients were randomly divided into 3 groups.Group A received standard triple thera-py,group B received sequential therapy and Group C received sequential therapy in combination with probiotics. Then,we compared the eradication rate,the score of gastrointestinal tract symptoms before and after treatment,and the side effects among 3 groups.Results The eradication rate was 72.5% in groupA,87.5% in group B,and 96.3% in group C.The eradication rate of group C was significantly better than group A and group B (χ2 =18.531,P 0.05),but they all significantly decreased after treatment among 3 groups(P <0.05),with group C a better result(F =25.581,P <0.05).The side effects of 3 groups were 16.3%,13.8%,3.8%,respectively.There were a significantly differencec between group C and the other 2 groups(χ2 =7.011,P =0.030).Conclusion Sequential therapy in combination with probiotics can achieve a higher eradication rate,improve the score of gastrointestinal tract symptoms, and decrease side effects.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between large platelet ratio (P-LCR) and stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods 152 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation were selected and divided into two groups according to whether accompanying stoke or not. Clinical features of patients and blood test indicator P-LCR were analyzed by Logistic regression analysis. Results In total, 152 subjects, including 47 patients with stoke and 105 patients without stoke,were included in the study. Univariate analysis showed that the difference in age, diabetes, hypertension, lipid-lowering therapy and P-LCR between two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, diabetes and P-LCR were independent risk factors of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Conclusions Age, diabetes and P-LCR are independent risk factors of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

12.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 551-555, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792413

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between serum fatty acids and blood pressure among hypertension patients.Methods A total of 93 primary hypertension patients were recruited.Serum fatty acids were determined with capillary gas chromatography.Results There was a statistically significant difference in serum fatty acids composition between male and female patients.Serum compositions of C20:5n -3(4.68% ±1 .36% vs.4.01 % ±1 .22%),C22:6n -3(2.03% ±0.73% vs.1 .62% ±0.54%),total n -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(8.1 3% ±1 .87% vs.7.08% ± 1 .43%),C20:4n -6(6.1 3% ±1 .66% vs.5.31 % ±1 .25%)and n -3 to n -6 ratio (0.24% ±0.07% vs.0.20% ± 0.05%)among males were significantly higher than that of females,while C1 8:3n -6 (0.45% ±0.1 7% vs.0.58% ± 0.29%)and C20:3n -6 (1 .39% ±0.29% vs.1 .60% ±0.49%)compositions in serum were significantly lower in males.Serum composition of C1 8:3n -3 was significantly negatively correlated to systolic blood pressure (r =-0.23,P =0.03)and pulse pressure (r =-0.23,P =0.03).Conclusion Increased serum composition of C1 8:3n -3 is associated with decreased systolic and pulse pressure.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452167

ABSTRACT

Objective:Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) acts as a regulator for axon guidance in central nervous system development. However, new evidence indicates that Sema4D has a previously unrecognized function, namely, compensatory angiogenic factor. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Sema4D on tumor growth and vascularity of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in nude mice. Meth-ods:Sema4D was knocked down in CRC cells by infecting the cells with lentiviruses coding for Sema4D shRNA. Two groups of cells, namely, those infected with control viruses and those infected with Sema4D shRNA viruses, were subjected to migration assay to test their ability induce endothelial cell migration. The two cell groups were subcutaneously injected into nude mice. Tumor growth was documented, and the tumors harvested from the mice were subjected to immunohistochemistry or immuno fl uorescence analyses. Re-sults:In vitro migration assay results indicated that media conditioned by HCT-116 cells infected with Sema4D shRNA lentiviruses in-duced low endothelial cell migration. The two groups of subcutaneously inoculated cells showed 100%tumorigenicity. However, tumor growth rates were significantly different between the two groups. Xenografts in which Sema4D was downregulated showed marked re-duction in tumor size and vascularity. Conclusion:Cancer cells may highly express Sema4D to trigger net neo-angiogenesis and gener-ate a tumor blood supply system. Thus, Sema4D could potentially be a target in anti-angiogenic therapy of CRC patients.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314322

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy difference in the treatment of functional dyspepsia between acupuncture at the acupoints selected by pattern/syndrome differentiation and domperidone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy cases were randomized into an acupuncture group (35 cases) and a western medication group (35 cases). In the acupuncture group, Zusanli (ST 36) and Neiguan (PC 6) were selected. Taichong (LR 3) and Neiting (ST 44) were added for excess syndrome while Gongsun (SP 4) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) were added for deficiency syndrome. A pair of electrodes was attached to one acupoint and an assistant point (2 mm next to the acupoint centripetally) and stimulated with disperse-dense wave at 2 Hz/100 Hz, once a day. In the western medication group, domperidone was prescribed for oral administration, 10 mg each time, three times a day. In the two groups, the treatment of 5 days made one session and 4 sessions were required totally. Nepean dyspepsia index (NDI) was compared after treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 months after treatment between the two groups respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The score of symptom and score of life quality in NDI after treatment and at each follow-up time point were improved obviously in the acupuncture group as compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.01). In the western mediation group, the score of symptom and the score of life quality in NDI after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 2 and 3 months were improved obviously as compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.01), but the differences were not significant in follow-up of 4 and 5 months (both P > 0.05). Compared with the western medication group, the symptom score of NDI was reduced obviously after treatment and in each time point of follow-up in the acupuncture group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and the score of life quality was increased obviously (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at the acupoints selected by pattern/syndrome differentiation and domperidone are effective in the treatment of functional dyspepsia. Domperidone is unsatisfactory in the long-term effect, but acupuncture achieves the positive short-term and long-term effects on functional dyspepsia.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Dyspepsia , Diagnosis , Psychology , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Time , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1710-1714, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Very limited data are available on factors predictive of corticosteroids plus cyclophosphamide treatment efficacy on IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The aim of the study was to research the clinical factors predictive of treatment efficacy in IgAN.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and fifty-nine patients with IgAN (proteinuria ≥2 g/d and estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-89 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2)) were treated with corticosteroids/cyclophosphamide followed by a 12-month follow-up. According to their response, these patients were divided into remission group (proteinuria <0.5 g/d) and non-remission group (proteinuria ≥0.5 g/d), and their clinical data collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the present study, 72.96% of the individuals underwent a complete remission, and their response was related to baseline proteinuria, urinary osmotic pressure, and renal function (P < 0.05). Patients with baseline proteinuria more than 3 g/d, urinary osmotic pressure greater than 600 mOsm/L, and eGFR 60-89 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) responded well to the combination of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide (86.90% vs. 57.33%, P = 0.000; 81.48% vs. 64.10%, P = 0.014; 83.17% vs. 55.17%, P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The response to the combination of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide might be well associated with baseline proteinuria, urinary osmotic pressure, and renal function in patients with IgAN.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Adult , Aged , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Drug Therapy , Humans , Kidney , Physiology , Male , Middle Aged , Osmotic Pressure , Physiology , Proteinuria , Drug Therapy , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441898

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between triglyceride and serum polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS).Methods Totally 74 MS patients (MS group) and 62 healthy subjects (normal control group,NC group) were recruited from June 2011 to June 2012 in Shaoxing People's Hospital.Serum phospholipid fatty acid profiles were analyzed with capillary gas chromatography.Serum lipids were measured by enzymatic assay.Results The triglyceride concentration was significantly higher in MS group than that in NC group [(2.0 ±0.8) mmol/L vs.(1.3 ±0.5) mmol/L,P=0.000].The levels of n-3 PUFA,n-6 PUFA,and PUFA were significantly lower in MS group than those in NC group (9.8% ±2.2% vs.11.1% ±2.4%,P=0.002; 35.4% ±6.7% vs.39.5% ±7.8%,P=0.009; 45.2% ±8.9% vs.50.6% ±10.1%,P =0.000).Triglyceride concentration was inversely correlated with n-3 PUFA and PUFA levels (r =-0.42,P =0.008 ; r =-0.23,P =0.013).Conclusions n-3 PUFA,n-6 PUFA,and PUFA decrease in MS patients.Triglyceride concentration is inversely correlated with PUFA.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-419136

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the physiologic and pathlogic alteration of the artificial bile duct generated by pedicled jejunum flap(CBD)in repairing local defect common bile duct of dog. Methods Common bile duct defected model was generated by partially cutting off CBDofdog.The pedicled jejunum flap with mesentery blood supply was created to repair the local defect CBD.The pH of bile was mcasuratcd during and post operation, the pathologic study was undertaken after 6 months.ResultsThe experimental group live 6 months and the symptom and signs is abnormal after operation.The result of blood routine and biochemistry examination is no change(P>0.05).The pH of postoperative bile decrease(P<0.01).The pH of bile was changed remarkably 1 day after the pedicled jejunum flap replacement.But no significant changing in the following 6 months(P>0.05).The postoperative pathologic study show:the anastomosis of experimental group healing well,and fiber tissue proliferates at the site of anastomosis,The Epithelium of the jejunum flap was atrophy and there were large quantity of lymphocytes,plasma cells and neutrophil within the jejunum flap(10/10).The epithelium of bile duct nearby the jejunum flap appears slight proliferate and infused with lymphocytes and plasma cells(10/10).There were lymphoid follicles in 3/10 cases.ConclusionsThe jejunum flap repairing bile duct healing well,but there was inflamatic change around the jejunum flap and nearby bile duct after the replacement.These observation suggested it is feasible to use the jejunum flap repairing the defected bile duct.The local physiology is stable without any changes in pH of bile acid.The alterative materials like umbilical ligment,blood vessel would be favorable in repair of defected bile duct.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418398

ABSTRACT

Objectives To study the significance of using kappa value in surgical clinical teaching.Methods The interns in Department of General Surgery were included,and were divided into routine teaching group and targeted teaching group randomly. Kappa statistic was used to compare the consistency of physical examination.Results The results showed that Morris's point tenderness was grasped more efficiently in targeted teaching than routine teaching group.Conclusion With the help of kappa value teachers can find the teaching items more correlated with training and give students targeted teaching so as to improve the teaching effect.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235060

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the antagonistic effects of three species of oral Streptococcus on the growth of oral Saccharomyces albicans in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Direct inoculation method, reverse inoculation method and mixed culture methods were respectively chosen to observe the changes of Saccharomyces albicans colony formation on the effects of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis and Streptococcus salivarius.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>1) No clear inhibition zone was observed in each of the groups by direct inoculation method. 2) Compared with the control groups, Saccharomyces albicans colony formation on soft agar of Streptococcus sanguis decreased significantly (P < 0.05). 3) Mixed culture method results showed that Streptococcus mutans could inhibit the growth of Saccharomyces albicans significantly at different time points (P = 0.001). 4) Under the action of bacteria culture supernatant, the count of Saccharomyces albicans in experiment groups showed statistical significance when compared with the control groups at 24, 48, 72 h (P = 0.001); The differences among the experimental groups were of no statistical significance at majority times (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis, and Streptococcus salivarius could obviously inhibit the growth of Saccharomyces albicans in vitro. However, it is still unclear that among which the inhibition effects is stronger. The antagonistic effects is weakened gradually.</p>


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques , Saccharomyces , Streptococcus , Streptococcus mutans , Streptococcus sanguis
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-390270

ABSTRACT

The association of the serum phospholipid fatty acid components with high-sensitivity C reactive protein in patients with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus was investigated.Saturated fatty acid in patients with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus was increased (45.98±1.55 vs 42.05±2.04,P<0.01),while polyunsaturated fatty acid was decreased(42.38±1.93 vs 46.60±2.06,P<0.01),and high sensitivity C reactive protein was significantly increased[(6.36± 1.28 vs 0.79±0.45) mg/L,P<0.01)].

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