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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 901-904, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009157

ABSTRACT

There are inconsistencies in treatment outcomes, measurement instruments, and criteria for assessing clinical effectiveness in studies related to distal radius fractures (DRF), resulting in potential biases and failing to provide high-quality clinical evidence. To address these challenges, international researchers have reached a consensus on developing the core outcome indicator set for distal radius fractures(COS-DRF). However, it's important to note that the existing COS-DRF framework could not reflect the unique characteristics of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) treatment. Currently, there are no established standards for treatment outcomes and measurement instruments specific to TCM clinical research, nor has a COS-DRF been established for TCM clinical studies in China. In light of these gaps, our research team aims to construct a core set of treatment outcomes for TCM clinical research on distal radius fractures. This involves compiling a comprehensive list of treatment outcomes and measurement instruments, initially derived from a thorough literature review and expert consensus, which will then undergo further refinement and updates based on real-world clinical experiences, incorporating feedback from 2 to 3 rounds of expert consensus or Delphi questionnaire surveys. Our goal is to establish a COS-DRF or CMS-DRF that aligns with the principles and practices of TCM, and provide high-quality evidence for clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Consensus , East Asian People , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Wrist Fractures/therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Review Literature as Topic , Fracture Fixation/standards
2.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 1267-1273, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010351

ABSTRACT

Pelvic floor ultrasound can clearly visualize the position and morphology of pelvic floor organs, observe the pelvic organ prolapse in real-time, and quantify and analyze the degree of the levator ani muscle injury, which is the most common imaging method to assess the morphology and function of the levator ani muscle to date. The different ultrasound imaging techniques provide a variety of indicators, each with its own advantages and limitations.Furthermore, two-dimensional ultrasound is the basis of imaging, but it fails to detect cross-sectional images of the pelvic floor; three-dimensional ultrasound can acquire the axial plane of the levator hiatus; tomographic ultrasound imaging allows real-time observation of the levator ani muscle injury; shear wave elastography can provide a quantitative assessment of the contractility and elastic characteristics of the levator ani muscle in real-time. It is of great significance to summarize the basic principles of various ultrasound imaging techniques, summarize the ultrasound image characteristics of levator ani muscle and its hiatus in different populations and different states, and explore the cut-off values and diagnostic criteria-related ultrasound parameters for improving the diagnostic efficiency of pelvic floor ultrasound for levator ani muscle injury, leading to reducing missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis of lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pelvic Floor/pathology , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
3.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 375-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a rapid, simple and cost-effective quantitative TaqMan RT-PCR (RT-qPCR) that could be used as an alternative to sequencing for the detection of Omicron variants and to evaluate its performance.Methods:Primers and TaqMan probes targeting the conserved domains of SARS-CoV-2 ORF1ab and the high-frequency mutation sites in the S gene of Omicron variants were designed. Then a RT-qPCR for the detection of Omicron variants was established. The consistency of the method was verified using samples identified by whole-genome sequencing. The specificity and sensitivity of the method were also evaluated.Results:The established RT-qPCR could distinguish Omicron variants from early epidemic A strains and Alpha and Delta variants of SARS-CoV-2, and the results were consistent with those of whole-genome sequencing with a coincidence rate of 100% (28/28). There was no cross-reactivity with other six respiratory viruses or coxsackievirus group A16. For RNA standards, this method showed good linearity in the range of 10 9-10 3 copies/μl with a correlation coefficient ( R2) greater than 0.99 and detection sensitivity of 10 3 copies/μl. Conclusions:The RT-qPCR designed in this study for Omicron variant detection had good sensitivity and specificity and could be easily performed in laboratories, which would greatly facilitate the monitoring of Omicron variants.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 422-427, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998148

ABSTRACT

BackgroundHome-based intervention occupies a prominent place in the treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children, whereas previous studies on the effect of home-based early intensive behavioral intervention on verbal ability of children with ASD are somewhat inadequate. ObjectiveTo study the effects of intensive family behavioral of intervention based on Verbal Behavior Milestones Assessment and Placement Program (VB-MAPP) on the language ability of children with ASD, so as to provide references for the development of family intervention strategies for children with ASD. MethodsChildren aged 2 to 3 years old who attended the Children's Rehabilitation Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from September 2020 to December 2021 and met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition (DSM-5) diagnostic criteria for ASD were selected as the study objects. A non-randomized concurrent control trial was conducted to compare a study group (n=24) receiving home-based early intensive behavioral intervention using VB-MAPP with a control group (n=14) receiving training from other special institutions or early childhood education institutions. The intervention lasted for 6 months in both groups. Before and after the intervention, the VB-MAPP milestone assessment was performed in the two groups, and the VB-MAPP milestone score, mand, trac and listener responds were selected as the study indicators. Then the intervention effect was compared between two groups, and the multiple linear regression was performed to screen the related influencing factors. ResultsAfter intervention, the total milestone assessment score, mand, tact and listener responds scores of study group were higher than those of control group, with statistical difference (Z=-4.339~-2.195, P<0.05 or 0.01). Multiple linear regression analysis denoted that the average weekly hours of home-based intervention in the first three months had certain effect on listener responds (β=1.029, P<0.05). ConclusionApplication of home-based early intensive behavior intervention using VB-MAPP may contribute to the improvement of verbal abilities such as mand, tact and listener responds in children with ASD. [Funded by 2020 Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Innovation Strategy Special Fund (number, 20200601)]

5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 712-719, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015403

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) on the proliferation and transdifferentiation of cardiac fibroblasts ( CFs ) into myofibroblasts ( MFs ). Methods Rat CFs were isolated and cultured, and then induced by FGF. CCK-8 was used to detect the cell activity and proliferation. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to detect the expression of a smooth muscle actin ( α-SMA ) and collagen I ( Col I ). Results The expression and activation of α-SMA and Col I increased with the increase of CFs culture generation. The number of CFs induced by FGF did not increased significantly; the expression of α-SMA in CFs induced by FGF1 and FGF2 decreased, and the number of activated MFs decreased. Conclusion FGF family has no effect on the proliferation of CFs, but FGF1 and FGF2 can inhibit the activation of CFs and reduce the differentiation into MFs.

6.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 352-358, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872422

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the difference in clinical efficacy between acupuncture with point selection based on syndrome differentiation along the meridians and acupuncture at non-meridian and non-acupoint points for functional dyspepsia (FD). Methods: A total of 74 FD patients were randomized into an observation group and a control group, with 37 cases in each group. Both groups received acupuncture treatment. Zusanli (ST 36) and Neiguan (PC 6) were selected in the observation group, with Taichong (LR 3) and Neiting (ST 44) added for excess syndrome, and Gongsun (SP 4) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) added for deficiency syndrome. Four non-meridian and non-acupoint points were selected in the control group. The treatments in both groups were performed once a day with a 2-day break after 5 consecutive treatments, which constituted one treatment course. A total of 4 courses were performed. The scores of Nepean dyspepsia index (NDI) and Leeds dyspepsia questionnaire (LDQ) were recorded before and after treatment, and during follow-up (8, 12, 16, 20 and 24 weeks after recruitment) to assess the clinical efficacy. Results: The NDI scores in the two groups after treatment and at each time point during follow-up were higher than those before treatment (all P<0.05), and the LDQ scores were lower than those before treatment (all P<0.05). The NDI scores after treatment and at each time point during follow-up in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (all P<0.01); the total LDQ score and scores of upper abdominal pain, postprandial satiety and upper abdominal burning sensation after treatment and at each time point during follow-up in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.01 or P<0.05).. Conclusion: Acupuncture with point selection based on syndrome differentiation along the meridians has a better curative effect than acupuncture at non meridian and non-acupoint points in the treatment of FD.

7.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 906-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824783

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinico-pathological characteristics, outcomes and their predictors in malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases. Methods Patients with clinical diagnosis of malignant hypertension, biopsy-proven kidney injury caused by malignant hypertension and complete clinical data from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to clinical and renal pathology, patients were divided into malignant hypertension related kidney injury without primary nephropathy group and with primary nephropathy group. Clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes were evaluated and compared between malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases. Results Totally 31 biopsy-proven kidney injury patients were analyzed. Among them, there were 18 cases with primary glomerular diseases and 13 cases without primary glomerular diseases, with age of (32.5 ± 6.5) years old and (34.7 ± 8.1) years old, respectively. There were 12 males in both group. The proportion of primary IgA nephropathy was higher (16/18) in the group of malignant hypertension related kidney injury with primary glomerular diseases. Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients had lower plasma albunin level [(32.7±6.4) g/L vs (38.5±7.3) g/L, P=0.027], higher 24-hour proteinuria level [(4.03 ± 2.71) g vs (1.45 ± 0.98) g, P=0.002] and higher incidence rates of dysmorphic hematuria (14/18 vs 0, P=0.001) than those without primary glomerular diseases patients. Glomerular sclerosis, mesangial proliferation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were more severe in malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients (all P<0.05), but the ischemic wrinkling of glomerular capillary was more severe in malignant hypertension without primary glomerular diseases (P<0.01). There were no differences of acute or chronic malignant hypertensive injury in small artery and in afferent arterioles between the two groups. Cox regression analysis showed that loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium was the predictor for renal partial recovery (HR=5.956, 95%CI 1.198-29.614, P=0.029). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases had shorter renal survival time than those without primary glomerular diseases [(24.1±9.3) months vs (56.6±12.4) months], and accumulative renal survival rate of malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases was lower than that without primary glomerular diseases (11.6% vs 53.3%, Log-rank χ2=5.022, P=0.025). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that severe tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent risk factors for end-stage renal disease in malignant hypertension patients (HR=5.870, 95%CI 1.372-25.112, P=0.017). Conclusions Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients have more severe clinico-pathological renal impairment and poorer prognosis of long-term renal survival than those without primary glomerular diseases. Acute renal tubular injury (loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium) is the only predictor of renal function improvement in patients with malignant hypertension and renal impairment within one year. Tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease in patients with malignant hypertension. Renal biopsy is an indispensable tool for predicting short-term and long-term renal outcomes.

8.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 75-80, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804533

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of this study was to develop a highly sensitive and specific LC-MS/MS method to explore the pharmacokinetic properties and absolute bioavailability of isoschaftoside in rats. Blood sampling was performed at different time points after intragastric administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg)and 0. 5 mg/kg by intravenous injection. Isoschaftoside was analyzed by a validated LC-MS/MS method in plasma; the pharmacokinetic parameters and absolute bioavailability were evaluated by software DAS 3. 0. The results showed that the linear concentration ranges of isoschaftoside was 1. 0- 500. 0 ng/mL(r=0. 997 6). The precision, accuracy, matrix effect, sensitivity, dilution reliability and stability met the requirements of biological sample analysis. For ig administration of isoschaftoside(1. 5, 3. 0, 6. 0 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter cmax was(109. 34±22. 87), (259. 84±95. 35)and(499. 26±288. 09)ng/mL; AUC0-t was(310. 57±46. 18), (552. 67±207. 14)and(1 075. 03±371. 19)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 36±0. 22), (2. 91±0. 19)and(3. 04±0. 86)h; tmax was(1. 03±0. 25), (1. 18±0. 17)and(1. 5±0. 43)h; MRT0-t was(11. 33±1. 53), (11. 27±1. 09)and(8. 29±0. 76)h, respectively. For iv administration of isoschaftoside(0. 5 mg/kg), the pharmacokinetic parameter AUC0-t was(1 536±421. 3)h ·ng/mL; t1/2 was(2. 57±0. 46)h; MRT0-t was(9. 55±2. 37)h. Furthermore, the absolute bioavailability was 6. 73%, 5. 99%, 5. 80%, respectively. The LC-MS/MS analysis method established in this study was accurate and sensitive, so it can be applied to the pharmacokinetic study of isoschaftoside.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 906-913, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the clinico-pathological characteristics, outcomes and their predictors in malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases.@*Methods@#Patients with clinical diagnosis of malignant hypertension, biopsy-proven kidney injury caused by malignant hypertension and complete clinical data from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. According to clinical and renal pathology, patients were divided into malignant hypertension related kidney injury without primary nephropathy group and with primary nephropathy group. Clinico-pathological characteristics and outcomes were evaluated and compared between malignant hypertension related kidney injury with and without primary glomerular diseases.@*Results@#Totally 31 biopsy-proven kidney injury patients were analyzed. Among them, there were 18 cases with primary glomerular diseases and 13 cases without primary glomerular diseases, with age of (32.5±6.5) years old and (34.7±8.1) years old, respectively. There were 12 males in both group. The proportion of primary IgA nephropathy was higher (16/18) in the group of malignant hypertension related kidney injury with primary glomerular diseases. Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients had lower plasma albunin level [(32.7±6.4) g/L vs (38.5±7.3) g/L, P=0.027], higher 24-hour proteinuria level [(4.03±2.71) g vs (1.45±0.98) g, P=0.002] and higher incidence rates of dysmorphic hematuria (14/18 vs 0, P=0.001) than those without primary glomerular diseases patients. Glomerular sclerosis, mesangial proliferation, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were more severe in malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients (all P<0.05), but the ischemic wrinkling of glomerular capillary was more severe in malignant hypertension without primary glomerular diseases (P<0.01). There were no differences of acute or chronic malignant hypertensive injury in small artery and in afferent arterioles between the two groups. Cox regression analysis showed that loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium was the predictor for renal partial recovery (HR=5.956, 95% CI 1.198-29.614, P=0.029). Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases had shorter renal survival time than those without primary glomerular diseases [(24.1±9.3) months vs (56.6±12.4) months], and accumulative renal survival rate of malignant hypertension patients with primary glomerular diseases was lower than that without primary glomerular diseases (11.6% vs 53.3%, Log-rank χ2=5.022, P=0.025). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that severe tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis were independent risk factors for end-stage renal disease in malignant hypertension patients (HR=5.870, 95% CI 1.372-25.112, P=0.017).@*Conclusions@#Malignant hypertension with primary glomerular diseases patients have more severe clinico-pathological renal impairment and poorer prognosis of long-term renal survival than those without primary glomerular diseases. Acute renal tubular injury (loss of brush-border with flattening of tubular epithelium) is the only predictor of renal function improvement in patients with malignant hypertension and renal impairment within one year. Tubular atrophy/interstitial fibrosis is a risk factor for end-stage renal disease in patients with malignant hypertension. Renal biopsy is an indispensable tool for predicting short-term and long-term renal outcomes.

10.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2160-2164, 2018.
Article in Bislama | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688300

ABSTRACT

@#Epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT)of retinal pigment epithelial cells(RPE)plays a key role in proliferative vitreoretinopathy(PVR), and also decreases the therapeutic effect of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(anti-VEGF)to choroidal neovascularization(CNV). In addition, cells transplantation has been becoming a potential therapeutic method to treat age-related macular degeneration(AMD), and some cells sources like human embryonic stem cells(hESC)or induced pluripotent stem cell(iPSC)induced RPE cells, and fetal RPE cells have been attempted. However, EMT, as a common problem, decreases cells proliferation and differentiation efficiency, and it will reduce therapeutic effect and the number of therapeutic populations. So, in this article, we reviewed some possible methods to inhibit EMT.

11.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 250-252,256, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606348

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of serum interleukin-6 (IL-6),and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in patients with gastric cancers and the clinical relationships with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection.Methods Totally 62 cases of patients who were diagnosed gastric cancer in our hospital from January 2013 to September 2015 were selected as the study group,who did not accept anti-tumor therapy.The patients were divided into the Hp positive group (with 53 cases) and Hp negative group (with 9 cases) according to whether the merger of Hp infection.Another 60 normal healthy volunteers of the same age in our hospital for health examination during the same period were selected as the control group.The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels were detected,and the changes of the factors in the study group and control group were compared and analyzed,as well as the U values of Hp infection.The clinical relationships between the expression levels of the two in patients with gastric cancer and the U values of Hp infection were confirmed.Results The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels and the U values of Hp infection of the study group were significantly higher than those of the control group (P < 0.05),which in the Hp positive group were significantly higher than those in the Hp negative group (P < 0.05).The levels of serum IL-6 and IL-8 in patients with gastric cancer showed positive correlations with the U value of Hp infection (r =0.457,0.531,P < 0.05).Conclusions The serum IL-6 and IL-8 levels in patients with gastric cancer are much higher than those in normal healthy people,and there are significant positive relationship with Hp infection.It can improve the curative effect of gastric cancer patients by improving the eradication rate of Hp.

12.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 241-244, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513204

ABSTRACT

We investigated and analyzed the first case of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus in Yunnan Province,China,so as to provide a better basis for preventing and controlling human infections with viruses of animal origin in the future.We carried out the field epidemiological survey among the patient,close contacts and the live poultry markets,detected and analyzed the samples from patient and the outdoor environment.Results showed that the 9-month-old boy was a case of human infection with avian influenza A(H9N2) virus with the history of live poultry markets exposure and the results of nucleic acid detection and virus isolation.There was a lot of contamination of the avian influenza virus in the live poultry markets.The second generation cases have not occurred.The monitoring of pneumonia of unknown etiology and influenza like cases in medical institutions is the important means to find timely cases of human infected with avian influenza.Regular disinfection and closing-down of live poultry markets are key measures to reduce the exposure opportunity.

13.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 605-608, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508364

ABSTRACT

Objective We investigated the value of endoscopic evacuation and craniotomy of the hypertensive in?tracerebral hemorrhage to determine which methods are more suitable for the patients. Methods One hundred twenty pa?tients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage participated this study. They were divided into classic surgical evalua?tion group (n=60) and endoscopic surgical evaluation group (n=60) according to their corresponding surgery strategies. Each patient was assessed by the preoperative Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), the mean rate and time of hematoma evacua?tion from onset to operation, the postoperative GCS, the mean time of admission in neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) and Glasgow Outcome Score (GOS) at 3 month after surgery. Results The continuous (≥3 months) follow-up surveys were all completed by 120 patients. There was no statistical difference in clinical data before operation between two groups (P>0.05). However, clearance of hematoma was much faster and more efficient in endoscopic surgical group than in classic surgical evaluation group (1.5 ± 0.4 vs.3.9 ± 0.6 h, P<0.01; 95.84 ± 2.72% vs.87.48 ± 7.84%, P<0.01). The GCS scores were 10(6,12),12(8,13) and 13(10,13) in endoscopic surgical group whereas were 6(5,9),7(5,11).8(5, 12) in craniotomy group at 1,3 and 7 d followed operation. GCS scores were higher in surgical group than in craniotomy group at all time points (P<0.01). In addition, patients receiving endoscopic treatment showed a shorter NICU admission time than those receiving craniotomy (3.55±4.21d vs. 9.10±4.72d, P<0.01). The intracranial infection and hypostatic pneumonia were sig?nificantly lower in endoscopic than in craniotomy surgery group (0 vs.6 cases; 5 vs. 41 cases, P<0.05). The endoscopic treatment significantly improved the GOS score compared with craniotomy [3(3, 4)vs. 2(2, 3)] (P<0.01). Conclusion Endoscopic evacuation of hematoma for hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage is efficient and minimally invasive, which is superior to craniotomy.

14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 531-536, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876982

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects and mechanism of uranium dust on collagen synthesis in fibroblastic cells.METHODS: i) RAW264. 7 macrophages were divided into solvent-control group and dust-affected group,and then treated with 0 and 120 mg / L( final concentration) uranium dust suspension for 0,2,4,8,16,24 and 32 hours. The supernatants of cells from these two groups were collected,and transforming growth factor beta 1( TGF-β1) levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). The best time phase was defined,and the supernatant of RAW264. 7 macrophages culture were separated as the conditioned medium( CM) for subsequent experiments. ii) Normal mouse lung fibroblasts L929 cells were divided into control group and uranium dust group,and treated with the CM of solvent-control group and dust-affected group respectively. After cultivated for 0,6,12,18,24,30 and 36 hours,the expression of α-smooth muscle actin( α-SMA) in L929 cells was detected by immunocytochemistry. The levels of extrac ellular collagen type Ⅰ( Col Ⅰ),collagen type Ⅲ( Col Ⅲ) and hydroxyproline( HYP) were detected by ELISA.RESULTS: i) The level of TGF-β1 in RAW264. 7 macrophages supernatant of the dust-affected group was higher than that of the solvent-control group after treatment with uranium dust for 4 hours,and showed an increasing trend with increasing time during 4-24 hours( P < 0. 05). The peak value was in 24 hours. The best time phase was 24 hours and used for CM of the two groups in subsequent experiments. ii) Compared with the control group at the same time points, the α-SMA expressions of L929 cells in uranium dust group increased after treatment with CM for 18-36 hours( P < 0. 05),the levels of Col Ⅰ,Col Ⅲ and HYP in uranium dust group increased after treatment with CM for 12-36 hours( P < 0. 05); both the expression of α-SMA and levels of Col Ⅲ and HYP increased with increasing time,showing a time-effect relationship( P <0. 05). CONCLUSION: Uranium dust can induce macrophages to secret TGF-β1 and affect fibroblast,increase α-SMAexpression,and increase the Col Ⅰ,Col Ⅲ and HYP synthesis. These might be the important mechanisms of lung fibrosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1956-1958,1959, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601341

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the efficacy of sequential therapy combined with probiotics,pure sequen-tial therapy and standard triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication.Methods Selected the clinical data of 240 patients admitted.The 240 patients were randomly divided into 3 groups.Group A received standard triple thera-py,group B received sequential therapy and Group C received sequential therapy in combination with probiotics. Then,we compared the eradication rate,the score of gastrointestinal tract symptoms before and after treatment,and the side effects among 3 groups.Results The eradication rate was 72.5% in groupA,87.5% in group B,and 96.3% in group C.The eradication rate of group C was significantly better than group A and group B (χ2 =18.531,P 0.05),but they all significantly decreased after treatment among 3 groups(P <0.05),with group C a better result(F =25.581,P <0.05).The side effects of 3 groups were 16.3%,13.8%,3.8%,respectively.There were a significantly differencec between group C and the other 2 groups(χ2 =7.011,P =0.030).Conclusion Sequential therapy in combination with probiotics can achieve a higher eradication rate,improve the score of gastrointestinal tract symptoms, and decrease side effects.

16.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 760-761, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460673

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between large platelet ratio (P-LCR) and stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Methods 152 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation were selected and divided into two groups according to whether accompanying stoke or not. Clinical features of patients and blood test indicator P-LCR were analyzed by Logistic regression analysis. Results In total, 152 subjects, including 47 patients with stoke and 105 patients without stoke,were included in the study. Univariate analysis showed that the difference in age, diabetes, hypertension, lipid-lowering therapy and P-LCR between two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that age, diabetes and P-LCR were independent risk factors of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Conclusions Age, diabetes and P-LCR are independent risk factors of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

17.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 551-555, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792413

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between serum fatty acids and blood pressure among hypertension patients.Methods A total of 93 primary hypertension patients were recruited.Serum fatty acids were determined with capillary gas chromatography.Results There was a statistically significant difference in serum fatty acids composition between male and female patients.Serum compositions of C20:5n -3(4.68% ±1 .36% vs.4.01 % ±1 .22%),C22:6n -3(2.03% ±0.73% vs.1 .62% ±0.54%),total n -3 polyunsaturated fatty acids(8.1 3% ±1 .87% vs.7.08% ± 1 .43%),C20:4n -6(6.1 3% ±1 .66% vs.5.31 % ±1 .25%)and n -3 to n -6 ratio (0.24% ±0.07% vs.0.20% ± 0.05%)among males were significantly higher than that of females,while C1 8:3n -6 (0.45% ±0.1 7% vs.0.58% ± 0.29%)and C20:3n -6 (1 .39% ±0.29% vs.1 .60% ±0.49%)compositions in serum were significantly lower in males.Serum composition of C1 8:3n -3 was significantly negatively correlated to systolic blood pressure (r =-0.23,P =0.03)and pulse pressure (r =-0.23,P =0.03).Conclusion Increased serum composition of C1 8:3n -3 is associated with decreased systolic and pulse pressure.

18.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 885-889, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-452167

ABSTRACT

Objective:Semaphorin 4D (Sema4D) acts as a regulator for axon guidance in central nervous system development. However, new evidence indicates that Sema4D has a previously unrecognized function, namely, compensatory angiogenic factor. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Sema4D on tumor growth and vascularity of colorectal carcinoma (CRC) in nude mice. Meth-ods:Sema4D was knocked down in CRC cells by infecting the cells with lentiviruses coding for Sema4D shRNA. Two groups of cells, namely, those infected with control viruses and those infected with Sema4D shRNA viruses, were subjected to migration assay to test their ability induce endothelial cell migration. The two cell groups were subcutaneously injected into nude mice. Tumor growth was documented, and the tumors harvested from the mice were subjected to immunohistochemistry or immuno fl uorescence analyses. Re-sults:In vitro migration assay results indicated that media conditioned by HCT-116 cells infected with Sema4D shRNA lentiviruses in-duced low endothelial cell migration. The two groups of subcutaneously inoculated cells showed 100%tumorigenicity. However, tumor growth rates were significantly different between the two groups. Xenografts in which Sema4D was downregulated showed marked re-duction in tumor size and vascularity. Conclusion:Cancer cells may highly express Sema4D to trigger net neo-angiogenesis and gener-ate a tumor blood supply system. Thus, Sema4D could potentially be a target in anti-angiogenic therapy of CRC patients.

19.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 431-434, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314322

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacy difference in the treatment of functional dyspepsia between acupuncture at the acupoints selected by pattern/syndrome differentiation and domperidone.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy cases were randomized into an acupuncture group (35 cases) and a western medication group (35 cases). In the acupuncture group, Zusanli (ST 36) and Neiguan (PC 6) were selected. Taichong (LR 3) and Neiting (ST 44) were added for excess syndrome while Gongsun (SP 4) and Yinlingquan (SP 9) were added for deficiency syndrome. A pair of electrodes was attached to one acupoint and an assistant point (2 mm next to the acupoint centripetally) and stimulated with disperse-dense wave at 2 Hz/100 Hz, once a day. In the western medication group, domperidone was prescribed for oral administration, 10 mg each time, three times a day. In the two groups, the treatment of 5 days made one session and 4 sessions were required totally. Nepean dyspepsia index (NDI) was compared after treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 months after treatment between the two groups respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The score of symptom and score of life quality in NDI after treatment and at each follow-up time point were improved obviously in the acupuncture group as compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.01). In the western mediation group, the score of symptom and the score of life quality in NDI after treatment and in follow-up of 1, 2 and 3 months were improved obviously as compared with those before treatment (all P < 0.01), but the differences were not significant in follow-up of 4 and 5 months (both P > 0.05). Compared with the western medication group, the symptom score of NDI was reduced obviously after treatment and in each time point of follow-up in the acupuncture group (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and the score of life quality was increased obviously (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Acupuncture at the acupoints selected by pattern/syndrome differentiation and domperidone are effective in the treatment of functional dyspepsia. Domperidone is unsatisfactory in the long-term effect, but acupuncture achieves the positive short-term and long-term effects on functional dyspepsia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Dyspepsia , Diagnosis , Psychology , Therapeutics , Quality of Life , Time , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1710-1714, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248124

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Very limited data are available on factors predictive of corticosteroids plus cyclophosphamide treatment efficacy on IgA nephropathy (IgAN). The aim of the study was to research the clinical factors predictive of treatment efficacy in IgAN.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and fifty-nine patients with IgAN (proteinuria ≥2 g/d and estimated glomerular filtration rate 30-89 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2)) were treated with corticosteroids/cyclophosphamide followed by a 12-month follow-up. According to their response, these patients were divided into remission group (proteinuria <0.5 g/d) and non-remission group (proteinuria ≥0.5 g/d), and their clinical data collected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the present study, 72.96% of the individuals underwent a complete remission, and their response was related to baseline proteinuria, urinary osmotic pressure, and renal function (P < 0.05). Patients with baseline proteinuria more than 3 g/d, urinary osmotic pressure greater than 600 mOsm/L, and eGFR 60-89 ml×min(-1)×1.73 m(-2) responded well to the combination of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide (86.90% vs. 57.33%, P = 0.000; 81.48% vs. 64.10%, P = 0.014; 83.17% vs. 55.17%, P = 0.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The response to the combination of corticosteroids and cyclophosphamide might be well associated with baseline proteinuria, urinary osmotic pressure, and renal function in patients with IgAN.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Therapeutic Uses , Cyclophosphamide , Therapeutic Uses , Glomerulonephritis, IGA , Drug Therapy , Kidney , Physiology , Osmotic Pressure , Physiology , Proteinuria , Drug Therapy
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