Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 32
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 223-229, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923242

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers without liability subject(hereinafter referred to as Pneumoconiosis without Liability Subject) in Hunan Province. METHODS: The cases of pneumoconiosis without liability subject from 2017 to 2019 in Hunan Province were selected as the research subjects using typical sampling method. They were clinical diagnosis by occupational disease diagnostic institutions. The distributions of age, gender, length of service, area, type of work, type of pneumoconiosis, pneumoconiosis stage and the situation of poor households with filing and registration card were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 18 870 cases of pneumoconiosis without liability subject were clinically diagnosed in Hunan Province from 2017 to 2019. The patients were mainly males(accounting for 99.8%), with the age ranged 50-65 years old(64.7%). Most of them had dust exposure service length of 5-29 years(78.4%). The cases of stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ pneumoconiosis accounted for 32.2%, 26.0% and 41.8% respectively. The main types of disease were coal workers′ pneumoconiosis and silicosis(accounted for 99.3%). The first five geographical distributions were Chenzhou City, Zhuzhou City, Hengyang City, Yiyang City and Shaoyang City, accounting for 17.9%, 14.6%, 14.1%, 11.8% and 9.2% respectively. The distribution of work types were mainly mine-related jobs(91.3%). There were 1 774 cases who had complications(9.4%), of which the top three complications were emphysema, pulmonary and bronchial infection and tuberculosis. There were 3 662 cases with poor households archives and cards(19.4%). CONCLUSION: The hazards of pneumoconiosis among migrant workers in Hunan Province should not be ignored. In 2017, Hunan Province took the lead in launching a large-scale basic medical treatment and rescue operation for migrant workers with pneumoconiosis, which helped solve the problem of pneumoconiosis in migrant workers who had no professional history certification and responsible employer.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1217-1222, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877589

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxa-cone moxibustion at lung's back-@*METHODS@#Sixty SPF-grade healthy male Balb/c mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, an LY294002 group (LY group), an electroacupuncture (EA) group and a moxibustion group, 12 mice in each group. Asthma model was replicated by using ovalbumin (OVA) sensitization. Except the mice in the normal group, all the mice were intraperitoneally injected with sensitization solution (containing 15 μg of OVA and 30 mg of aluminum hydroxide) on the 1st day, 7th day and 14th day, 0.5 mL per mice; from the 15th day, 1% OVA solution was atomized for 20 min, once a day for 2 weeks; the mice in the normal group was treated with identical operations but with 0.9% sodium chloride solution. The mice in the LY group were treated with injection of LY294002 at tail vein on the 13th day, 14th day and 15th day. At the beginning of the 15th day, The mice in the EA group were treated with EA at "Feishu" (BL 13) and "Zhongfu" (LU 1) with disperse-dense wave, frequency of 2 Hz/20 Hz, intensity of 1 mA, 15 min each time, once a day for 2 weeks. The mice in the moxibustion group was treated with moxa-cone moxibustion at "Feishu" (BL 13) and "Zhongfu" (LU 1) from the 15th day, three moxa-cones per acupoint, once a day for 2 weeks. On the 16th day, 18th day and 22nd day, the incubation period of asthma was recorded. On the 29th day, all the samples were collected. The expressions of IL-17 and IL-10 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected by ELISA method. The pathological changes of lung tissue were observed by HE staining. The percentage of Th17, Treg and Th17/Treg ratio in spleen tissue were detected by flow cytometry method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal group, the incubation period of asthma in the model group was significantly shortened (@*CONCLUSION@#The Th17/Treg is imbalanced in asthmatic body. The moxibustion at lung's back-


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma/therapy , Lung , Male , Mice , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805686

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the detection of thyroid nodules and related risk factors in nuclear power workers, and to provide scientific evidence for thyroid protection of nuclear power workers.@*Methods@#In December 2018, select 295 workers of a nuclear power production enterprise and 238 administrative staff of it, and select 250 staff members of a thermal power generation enterprise 70 kilometers away from the nuclear power station to conduct thyroid ultrasound examination and questionnaire survey for single factor. Analysis and further multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to study the risk factors of thyroid nodules in the population.@*Results@#Women and smoking history were independent risk factors for the increased incidence of thyroid nodules in the study population; three shifts work pattern was an independent risk factor for the increased prevalence of thyroid nodules in nuclear power workers (P<0.05) , and other factors such as the history of nuclear exposure had no significant correlation with thyroid nodules (P>0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Nuclear exposure has little effect on the prevalence of thyroid nodules in nuclear power workers.

4.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 800-804, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694259

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct small RNA deletion and overexpression strains with a length of less than 100 nt in Yersinia pestis.Methods Deletion mutants of the target sRNAs were constructed by increasing the length of homologous regions.Meanwhile, the high copy plasmid pBAD/HisA was modified into an inducible transcriptional vector as an sRNA-overexpression plasmid by using QuikChange lightning site-directed mutagenesis kit .The presence , size, and transcription-al initiation sites of the indicated sRNA were predicted by transcriptome sequencing , primer extension , and previous stud-ies.The full-length DNA fragments of target sRNAs were transformed into the transcriptional vector .The overexpressing strains of sRNAs were identified by Northern Blot .Results and Conclusion Four sRNAs deletion mutants of sR01, sR02, sR03 and HmsA and three sRNAs overexpression mutants MicF , HmsA and CpxQ were successfully constructed .A method of construction of sRNA deficient and overexpressing strains of Y.pestis has been quickly and efficiently established by λ-Red homologous recombination technology and QuikChange ? lightning site-directed mutagenesis kit.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666244

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of microRNA-320 (miR-320) targeting E2F1 gene on tumor glycometabolism in colorectal cancer.Methods The miR-320 expression level in colorectal cancer cell lines and cancer tissues was detected using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).The binding sites of miR-320 and E2F1 were predicted by bioinformatics.Luciferase assay was used to detect the targeting regulation of miR-320 on E2F1.The relationship between E2F1 and miR-320 was verified in mRNA level and protein level.When the miR-320 in SW480 and LOVO ceils was up-regulated and the E2F1 was down-regulated,the changes of glycometabolism in tumor cells were analyzed using glucose/glucose oxidase kit and lactate test kit.Results The qRT-PCR results showed low expressions of miR-320 in colorectal cancer cell lines and cancer tissues (F =42.327,P < 0.001;t =4.345,P =0.023).Luciferase assay showed that miR-320 could negatively regulate the expression of E2F1 (t =4.716,P =0.042).The expression levels of E2F1 protein and mRNA (t =4.780,P =0.041;t =5.506,P =0.031) confirmed that miR-320 could interact with E2F1 in LOVO and SW480 cells.Overexpression of miR-320 could reduce the contents of glucose (t =5.262,P=0.034;t =21.079,P=0.002) and lactic acid (t =9.609,P=0.011;t =18.582,P=0.003) in the cellular supematant in SW480 and LOVO ceils.Down-regulating the expression of E2F1 at the same time could enhance the inhibitory effect of miR-320 on glucose (t =5.128,P =0.036;t =5.089,P =0.037) and lactic acid (t =8.573,P =0.013;t =13.364,P =0.006).Conclusion E2F1 is the target gene of miR-320,and miR-320 can regulate the glycometabolism of colorectal cancer cells by targeting E2F1 gene.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-273782

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of silencing HERC4 on the proliferation, apoptosis, and migration of cervical cancer cell line Hela and the possible molecular mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Three HERC4-specific small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) were transfected into Hela cells, and HERC4 expression in the cells was examined with Western blotting. CCK-8 assay, annexin V-FITC/PI assay, and wound healing assay were used to assess the effect of HERC4 silencing on the proliferation, apoptosis and migration ability of Hela cells. The expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 in the cells were detected using Western blotting.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Transfection of siRNA-3 resulted in significantly decreased HERC4 protein expression (P<0.01). HERC4 silencing by siRNA-3 markedly suppressed the proliferation and migration of Hela cells, increased the apoptosis rate (P<0.01) and reduced the expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silencing of HERC4 efficiently inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of Hela cells in vitro, and the underlying mechanisms may involve the down-regulation of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Cyclin D1 , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Metabolism , RNA Interference , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , Transfection , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Genetics , Metabolism , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms , Pathology
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1083-1087, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-262261

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To explore the expression of long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) LINC01358 in prostate cancer (PCa) and its effect on the proliferation and migration of PCa cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The lncRNA array was used to screen differentially expressed lncRNAs in PCa and the corresponding carcinoma-adjacent normal tissues from 3 patients. The expressions of LINC01358 in the primary PCa, metastatic PCa, and carcinoma-adjacent tissues were compared using the PCa dataset of the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC). The data obtained were validated by determining the expression of LINC01358 in the PCa and carcinoma-adjacent tissues of another 10 patients by quantitative real time PCR (qRT-PCR). The effects of lncRNA LINC01358 on the proliferation of DU145 cells and migration of PCa cells were detected by MTT and Transwell assay, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally, 79 differentially expressed lncRNAs in the lncRNA array, 36 highly and the other 43 lowly expressed in the PCa tissue. LINC01358 was up-regulated in the cancerous tissue. According to the MSKCC data, the LINC01358 expression was markedly higher in metastatic PCa (5.81±0.19, n = 19) and primary PCa (5.47±0.04, n = 131) than in the PCa-adjacent tissue (5.15±0.07, n = 29) and significantly correlated with postoperative biochemical relapse of the malignancy (P<0.05). qRT-PCR indicated a remarkably higher expression of LINC01358 in the PCa than in the carcinoma-adjacent tissue (6.02±1.12 vs 3.21±0.21, P<0.05). Transfection of the DU145 cells with siRNA significantly decreased the level of LINC01358 and inhibited the proliferation and migration of the PCa cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>LINC01358 is highly expressed in the PCa tissue and knockdown of LINC01358 may inhibit the proliferation and migration of PCa cells. LncRNA LINC01358 may be involved in the development and progression of PCa and become an index for the early diagnosis as well as a new target for the gene therapy of the malignancy.</p>

8.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 736-740, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502214

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of recombinant neuregulin-1 beta (rhNRG-1β) on neural stem cell proliferation through extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) signaling pathway in oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) environment.Methods Neural stem cells were obtained from embryonic brain of mice pregnant for 14-17 d,cultured and identified by immunochemical staining through detection of the indicator nestin using the SABC-FITC (POD)double standard kit.Neural stem cells were divided into three experiment groups (OGD group,control group and OGD + rhNRG-1β group).Control group:identified neural stem cells,2 × 107,were cultured for 3 h in the 24-hole culture plate with DMEM/F12 complete culture medium;OGD group:neural stem cells,2 × 107,were cultured in the 24-hole culture plate deprived glucose DMEM/F12 in a wet airtight container (37 ℃ constant temperature),cells were cultured with mixed gas of nitrogen (950 ml/L) and oxygen (50 ml/L) for 1 h,and then the culture medium was replaced with complete culture medium and cultured for 3 h;OGD + rhNRG-1β group:before OGD intervention,100 μg/L rhNRG-1β was given for 3 h.Neurospheres formation:the three groups of stem cells were dispersed into single cells,1 × 106/ml cells were inoculated to culture plates containing cover slips coated with poly lysine,and cultivated for 7 d,and neurospheres formation of the 3 groups of neural stem cells was observed under microscope,which was aimed to record neural stem cells proliferation changes.Colony formation:the three groups of stem cells,vaccinated in 60 mm in a petri dish,2 × 107 in number,were cultivated in complete culture medium for 24 h.The colony formation of the three groups of cells was observed under microscope,and neural stem cells proliferation changes were observed.Western blotting:the change of phosphorylation ERK (pERK) protein of the three groups of stem cells was determined,and the effect of pERK protein expression regulated by rhNRG-1β in mice neural stem cells proliferation through ERK signaling pathway was observed.Results Microscopically the primary cultured stem cells grew in single or in pairs,in a round shape;neural stem cell proliferated in clumps or colony;neural stem cells expressed the specificity of nestin protein markers with fluorescent yellow-green color.The differences in the aspects of the average diameter of neurospheres and neurospheres quantity in the neural stem cells between groups were statistically significant (F =693.66,1 002.09,all P < 0.01),and among them the neuropheres formation of OGD group was significantly suppressed.Formation quantity and average diameter in OGD group [(88.78 ± 7.14) numbers,(62.12 ± 2.52) μm] were significantly lower than those in the control group [(246.34 ± 8.67) numbers,(128.45 ± 2.33) μm] and those in OGD + rhNRG-1β group [(237.87 ± 6.61) numbers,(118.37 ± 2.71) μm,all P < 0.01].The difference of colony formation rate of neural stem cell was statistically significant (F =132.03,P < 0.01),and among them colony formation of OGD group significantly suppressed.Formation rate in OGD group [(11.65 ± 0.94)%] was significantly lower than that in the control group [(33.23 ± 2.93)%] and that in OGD + rhNRG-1β group [(31.42 ± 2.61)%,all P < 0.01].Western blotting showed that the difference of pERK protein expression of neural stem cells between groups was statistically significant (F =63.76,P < 0.01).Relative expression of the pERK protein in OGD group (0.487 ± 0.072) was significantly lower than that in the control group (1.013 ± 0.112) and that in OGD + rh-NRG-1β group (1.752 ± 0.278,all P < 0.01).Conclusion rhNRG-1β preserves neural stem cell proliferation with phosphorylation ERK protein expression up-regulated in oxygen and glucose deprivation environment.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1297-1304, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320086

ABSTRACT

A series of new pleuromutilins derivatives were designed and synthesized through coupling 2-aminothiazole ring of WL001 with different nitrogen-containing substituted heterocycles in the side chain. Their biological activities were evaluated against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative clinical bacteria in vitro Most new compounds displayed specificity to certain strain of bacteria. Particularly, compounds with saturated nitrogen-containing heterocycles exhibited significant antibacterial activities (0.062 5-8 µg · mL(-1)) superior or similar to those of amoxicillin, tiamulin and levofloxcin. Furthermore, treatment with 15a and 15b having piperidine or morpholine residues also could effectively inhibit Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, our novel findings may provide a new insight into the design of novel pleuromutilin derivatives and lay the basis for further studies on the treatment of drug-resistance of pathogenic bacteria.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Chemistry , Diterpenes , Chemistry , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Levofloxacin , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Nitrogen , Structure-Activity Relationship
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1297-304, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505049

ABSTRACT

A series of new pleuromutilins derivatives were designed and synthesized through coupling 2-aminothiazole ring of WL001 with different nitrogen-containing substituted heterocycles in the side chain. Their biological activities were evaluated against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative clinical bacteria in vitro Most new compounds displayed specificity to certain strain of bacteria. Particularly, compounds with saturated nitrogen-containing heterocycles exhibited significant antibacterial activities (0.062 5-8 µg · mL(-1)) superior or similar to those of amoxicillin, tiamulin and levofloxcin. Furthermore, treatment with 15a and 15b having piperidine or morpholine residues also could effectively inhibit Gram-negative bacteria. Therefore, our novel findings may provide a new insight into the design of novel pleuromutilin derivatives and lay the basis for further studies on the treatment of drug-resistance of pathogenic bacteria.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811993

ABSTRACT

@#To strengthen the quality control of palbociclib, three related substances were separated from the bulk drug. These substances were identified as 8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-2-yl)amino)pyrido [2, 3-d] pyrimidin-7(8H)-one(A), 8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-2-((5-(piperazin-1-yl)pyridine-2-yl)amino)-6-vinylpyrido [2, 3-d] pyrimidin-7(8H)-one(B), tert-butyl4-(6-((6-acetyl-8-cyclopentyl-5-methyl-7-oxo-7, 8-dihydropyrido [2, 3-d] pyrimidin-2-yl)amino)pyridin-3-yl)piperazi-ne-1-carboxylate(C). Based on the structures of the impurities, the possible routes to them were discussed, and their structures were elucidated by 1H NMR and MS.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14502

ABSTRACT

Subolesin (4D8), the ortholog of insect akirins, is a highly conserved protective antigen and thus has the potential for development of a broad-spectrum vaccine against ticks and mosquitoes. To date, no protective antigens have been characterized nor tested as candidate vaccines against Dermacentor silvarum bites and transmission of associated pathogens. In this study, we cloned the open reading frame (ORF) of D. silvarum 4D8 cDNA (Ds4D8), which consisted of 498 bp encoding 165 amino acid residues. The results of sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that D. silvarum 4D8 (Ds4D8) is highly conserved showing more than 81% identity of amino acid sequences with those of other hard ticks. Additionally, Ds4D8 containing restriction sites was ligated into the pET-32(a+) expression vector and the recombinant plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli rosetta. The recombinant Ds4D8 (rDs4D8) was induced by isopropyl beta-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) and purified using Ni affinity chromatography. The SDS-PAGE results showed that the molecular weight of rDs4D8 was 40 kDa, which was consistent with the expected molecular mass considering 22 kDa histidine-tagged thioredoxin (TRX) protein from the expression vector. Western blot results showed that rabbit anti-D. silvarum serum recognized the expressed rDs4D8, suggesting an immune response against rDs4D8. These results provided the basis for developing a candidate vaccine against D. silvarum ticks and transmission of associated pathogens.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antigens/chemistry , Arthropod Proteins/chemistry , Chromatography, Affinity , Cloning, Molecular , Cluster Analysis , Conserved Sequence , Dermacentor/genetics , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Escherichia coli/genetics , Gene Expression , Humans , Molecular Sequence Data , Molecular Weight , Phylogeny , Recombinant Proteins/chemistry , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
13.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1352-1357, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423239

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect and mechanism of NGF gene modified SCs on DRG (dorsal root ganglion) neurons repair after compressed injury.MethodsSCs were obtained by one enzyme digestion method.SCs were transfected with NGF gene by adenovirus.Thirty-two female SD rats with compression injury of dorsal root ganglia on right lumbar nerve roots.were divided randomly into following groups:Normal saline(NS) group,Pure SCs group,Ad-NGF group,and SCs+NGF group.Nerve root tissues were harvested 2 weeks after treatment.Western blot were used to detect the proNGF volume in nerve root tissue lysis; Double-labeling fluorescent Immunohistochemistry(IHC) was used to count the number of β-Tubulin Ⅲ positive cells and activating transcription factor 3 positive cells.The ratio of injured neurons to survived neurons was calculated.ResultsWestern bolt showed the proNGF volume in nerve root tissue lysis of SCs+NGF group increased dramatically.Double-labeling fluorescent IHC showed SCs+NGF group vs any group,the density of survived DRG neurons(β-Tubulin Ⅲ positive cells) increased significantly,meanwhile the percentage of injured neurons (ATF3 positive cells) in survived neurons decreased dramatically.Conclusion NGF gene Modified SCs could promote the survival of DRG neurons after compression injury and decrease the ratio of injured neurons.We conclude that this study provides a new treatment strategy for the patients who suffer from chronic compression injury on nerve roots and DRG neurons.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-432599

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the rale of NKX2-5 gene in cardiomyocyte differentiation and its mechanism.Methods P19 cells were divided into transfected and non-transfected groups.In the transfected group,P19 cells were with stable expression of NKX2-5 gene.The P19 cells were cultured in suspension for 4 days,and the formed aggregates were transferred to Petri dish for adherent culture.On days 4,8,12,and 16 of the adherent culture,the expressions of ct-saicomeric actin(α-SA)and cardiac troponin T(cTnT)were detected with double-labeling immunofluorescence and Western blot.The ultrastruetural changes were observed on day 16.Results In the transfected group,no expression of α-SA and cTnT was found on day 4,and the expression of these 2 proteins or co-expression existed on days 8,12,and 16.There were early cell junction and myofilament-like structure in the cytoplasm of some cells in the transfected group.In the non-transfected group,these 2 proteins were negative,and no differentiated cell was found.Conclusion Stable expression of NKX2-5 gene can induce cardiomyocyte differentiation from P19 cells,but the P19 cells with stable expression of JVKX2-5 gene is not suitable to be an in vitro model of cardiac development.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-403412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gallium is a non-essential trace element in the human body. In vivo experiments have confirmed that gallium can directly inhibit bone osteelysis, prevent bone calcium release, increase bone calcium content, serves as a new drug treatment of metabolic bone disease, its anti-bone transformation mechanism remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of gallium nitrate on collagen and bone calcium protein in osteeporotic rat model. METHODS: Ninety female SD rats were divided into control group (n = 20) and osteoporosis group (n = 70) at random. Control group rats were sutured to close abdominal cavity after bilateral ovarian was exposed. Osteoporosis group rats received the bilateral ovariectomy to produce osteoporotic rat models, which then were assigned into 4 groups by random digits table: osteoporotic control group (n = 16) by intraperitoneal injection of saline, 3 times per week; Low-dose gallium salt group (n = 16) by intrapedtoneal injection of I mg/kg of galfium nitrate, 3 times per week; High-dose gallium salt group (n = 15) by intraperitoneal injection of 2 mg/kg ofgallium nitrate, 3 times per week; Estrogen group (n = 15) by intraperitoneal injection of estradiol, 3 times per week. After 12 weeks of the treatment, the bone collagen, osteocalcin protein and hydroxyproline levels in bone specimens were detected. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Compared with control group, the content of collagen in osteoporosis control group was reduced (P < 0.05), the contents of aminohexose and hydroxyproline increased (P < 0.05), no significant differences were observed in the content of sulfate-base for both groups. Following gallium and estradiol treatment, the collagen contents enhanced (P < 0.05), while the contents of aminohexose and hydroxyproline reduced (P < 0.05). High-dose gallium salt group had a remarkable curative effect compared with low-dose gallium salt group (P < 0.05), and was similar to estradiol group (P > 0.05). it is indicated that gallium nitrate can improve bone metabolism status with osteoporosis through increasing the content of collagen and decreasing the content of hydroxyproline, 2 mg/kg gallium nitrate are similar to estrogen treatment.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246629

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influence of cervical settling method on marginal accuracy of wax patters.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>24 wax patterns were made on the standard cast specimens and round capsules of which twelve patters were made with the method of cervical settling (experiment group), twelve patters were made with the method of wax dripping (control group). Marginal accuracy of patterns were measured before sublation, sublation half an hour and twenty-four hours.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results revealed that marginal accuracy had significant difference between the cervical settling methods and wax dripping methods (P < 0.05). There was significant difference between the cervical settling methods measured after half an hour and twenty-four hours (P < 0.01). There was also significant difference between the wax dripping methods measured after half an hour and twenty-four hours (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Wax patterns with the method of cervical settling can improve marginal accuracy of patterns. The marginal accuracy of wax patters are influenced by the existing time.</p>


Subject(s)
Dental Casting Technique , Dental Marginal Adaptation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404089

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a cell culture model of cervical-loop epithelial cells from Wistar rat lower incisors on culture bottle coated with rat tail collagen. Methods: The effect of self-made rat tail collagen on the culture of cervical-loop epithelial cells was observed. The cells were identified by immunohistochemistry staining. Results: Cervical-loop epithelial cells in Wistar rat lower incisors grew well in self-made rat tail collagen. The cervical-loop epithelial cells exhibited positive expression for integrin-β1 and monoclonal antibody CK in immunohistochemistry staining. Conclusion: The cell culture model of cervical-loop epithelial cells in Wistar rat lower incisors with self-made rat tail collagen can be helpful to research tooth development mechanism.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-526618

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the causes and prevention on complications of percutaneous vertebroplasty(PVP). Methods Forty three cases with 64 vertebrae were performed PVP from May 2001 to October 2003. The incidence of complication was 13 cases (30.2%). Leakage of polymethylmethacry (PMMA) without symptoms occurred in 4 cases. Leakage with pain occurred in 3 cases. No leakage but with pain occurred in 4 cases after the procedure. Fracture of adjacent vertebrae occurred in 2 cases. All cases were followed up from 3 to 29 months (in average of 13.2 months). Results There wasn′t severe complications in 7 leakage cases. The pain in 7 cases was relieved and disappeared at 2-7 days after the procedure. The symptoms of pain in 2 cases of adjacent vertebrae fracture were relieved. Conclusion If sufficient preventive measures are applied before or during the procedure of PVP,the complications may be reduced effectively.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300336

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of the treatment of periapical diseases with recombinant human netic protein (rhBMP-2) composite in dog models so as to provide basis for its clinical application.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The endotoxin-bacteria mixed fluid was injected into each root canal of the experimental teeth of dogs and the animal periapical were built. The rhBMP-2 composite was mixed by rhBMP-2, TCP, collagen and metronidazole and used in the treatment cal diseases in dog models as root apex screen. The imageology and pathology research were went on.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The effective rate of the experimental group was remarkably higher than that of the carrier group and the control group with remarkable ference (P < 0.05). The quality of the repair of tissue was obviously better than the two other groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The rhBMP-2 composite is a promising biological root-canal filling material.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Collagen , Dogs , Humans , Periapical Diseases , Recombinant Proteins , Root Canal Filling Materials , Transforming Growth Factor beta
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility and the related surgical techniques of laryngeal function preservation in surgical treatment of pyriform sinus cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and thirty cases (stage I, 6; stage II, 10; stage III, 91; stage IV, 123) with pyriform sinus cancer were treated surgically from 1978 to 1996 in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology of Qilu Hospital of Shandong University. The methods of removing tumor and repairing surgical defects were depended on the extension of lesions. The laryngeal and pharyngeal functions were rebuilt by normal tissue preserved with lesions entirely removed. One hundred and fifty-eight cases were surgically treated with laryngeal functions preserved and 72 cases total laryngectomy. The most of the cases received postoperative radiotherapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall 3 and 5 year survival rates were 67.4% (155/230) and 48.3% (111/230) respectively. For stage I, the survival rate was 5/6; stage 11, 70.0% (7/10); stage III, 57.1% (52/91) and stage IV, 38.2% (47/123); the 3 and 5 year survival rates in functionally preserved group were 67.7% (107/158) and 50.0% (79/158), while in none functional group were 66.7% (48/72) and 43.1% (31/72), respectively. 75.3% (119/158) patients have laryngeal functions (voice,respiration and deglutition) completely restored and 24.7% (39/ 158) partially restored(voice and deglutition).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The preservative surgery is feasible for the selected pyriform sinus cancer cases. Choosing and following optimum surgical methods is a prerequisite for improving the quality of life of the cases.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , General Surgery , Female , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms , General Surgery , Larynx , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pharyngectomy , Methods , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL