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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 100-108, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012698

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo decipher the mechanism of Wenxiao powder in alleviating corticosterone-induced depression-like behaviors in mice. MethodMale ICR mice were randomized into normal, model, paroxetine (20 mg·kg-1), and low- and high-dose (3.27, 6.54 g·kg-1, respectively) Wenxiao powder groups. The mice in normal and model groups received equal volume of saline. Other groups except the normal group were injected with corticosterone subcutaneously 0.5 h after gavage to induce depression. Mice were tested for depression-like behaviors after drug administration. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed to measure the corticosterone content in the serum. Nissl staining was performed to observe the damage of hippocampal neurons. Immunofluorescence staining was employed to observe the expression of double cortin (DCX) in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus. Western blot was employed to determine the expression of proteins in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/tyrosine kinase receptor B (TrkB)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)/cAMP-response element-binding protein (CREB) pathway in the hippocampus. ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate, increased immobility time in the tail suspension test (P<0.01), and reduced residence time in the central area of the open field and the total movement distance (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, the modeling elevated the corticosterone level in the serum (P<0.01), decreased the volume and intensified the nuclear staining of hippocampal neurons in the DG area, reduced the expression of DCX in the DG area, and down-regulated the protein levels of BDNF, phosphorylated (p)-TrkB, p-ERK, and p-CREB in the hippocampus (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, low-dose Wenxiao powder improved the mouse behavivors in the sucrose preference, open field, and tail suspension tests (P<0.05, P<0.01), and high-dose Wenxiao powder improved the behaviors in the sucrose preference and open field tests (P<0.05, P<0.01). In addition, Wenxiao powder lowered the serum corticosterone level (P<0.01) and recovered the structure and morphology of neurons with obvious nuclei and presence of Nissl bodies in the DG area of the hippocampus. Moreover, Wenxiao powder at both doses promoted the expression of DCX in the DG area, and high-dose Wenxiao powder up-regulated the protein levels of BDNF, p-TrkB, p-ERK, and p-CREB in the hippocampus (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionWenxiao powder can alleviate corticosterone-induced depression-like behaviors and promote neurogenesis in mice possibly by activating the BDNF/TrkB/ERK/CREB signaling pathway.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 97-101, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application value of computed tomography (CT) plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan in the diagnosis of solitary pulmonary nodules.Methods:The clinical data of 120 patients with solitary pulmonary nodules detected by physical examination in Baoding First Central Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were retrospectively reviewed. All patients were confirmed by surgery and pathology, including 77 benign lesions and 43 malignant lesions; All patients underwent CT plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan before operation. The accuracy of the two examination methods in the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules was analyzed and compared. The detection rate of CT dynamic enhanced scan imaging characteristics (vacuole sign, ground glass sign, spinous sign, lobulation sign, hair prick sign, blood vessel cluster, pleural depression) of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules was compared, and the diagnostic value of CT plain scan and dynamic enhanced scan in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant solitary pulmonary nodules was evaluated based on the results of surgical pathological diagnosis. The manifestations and characteristic curves of CT dynamic enhanced scan of solitary pulmonary nodules was analyzed.Results:The diagnostic accuracy of CT dynamic enhanced scan for solitary pulmonary nodules was 80.00% (96/120), which was higher than that of CT plain scan (63.33%) (76/120) ( P<0.05). The sensitivity, specificity, and negative predictive value of CT dynamic enhanced scan for the diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules were higher than those of CT plain scan (all P<0.05). Among the imaging characteristics of CT dynamic enhanced scans of malignant lesions, the ground glass sign, spinous process sign, lobulation sign, spiculation sign, vascular clustering and pleural indentation were detected more frequently than those of benign lesions (all P<0.05). Benign lesions usually showed homogeneous enhancement, and a few showed heterogeneous enhancement; Malignant nodules often showed uneven enhancement, and a few had even enhancement. The time density curves of dynamic enhanced CT values in the regions of interest of benign and malignant solitary pulmonary nodules were different. Conclusions:The value of dynamic enhanced CT scan in the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of solitary pulmonary nodules is higher than that of CT plain scan, and the imaging features are obvious, with higher sensitivity and specificity, which is worthy of application.

3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 38-44, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969740

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the predictive value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1c/apolipoprotein A-1 (HbA1c/ApoA-1) ratio for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Methods: The present study is a retrospective cohort study. ACS patients who were hospitalized and underwent coronary angiography at Beijing Hospital from March 2017 to March 2019 were enrolled. Baseline information such as sex, age, previous history, Gensini score, HbA1c and ApoA-1 were analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to presence or absence of MACEs and the difference on HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was compared between the two groups. According to the tertiles of HbA1c/ApoA-1 levels, patients were divided into high (5.87-16.12), medium (4.50-5.83) and low (2.11-4.48) HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Cox proportional risk model was used to evaluate the differences in MACEs and all-cause mortality among the three groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the differences of MACEs between the various HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups. Results: A total of 366 ACS patients were included in this study. The mean age of the patients was (65.9±10.3) years. There were 59 MACEs and 10 all-cause deaths during the mean of (22.3±4.4) months follow-up. After adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, history of diabetes and Gensini score, the incidence of MACEs was 2.45 times higher in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group than in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group (95%CI 1.16-5.18, P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality between the high and low HbA1c/ApoA-1 groups (P=1.000). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in the high HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the highest risk of MACEs, while patients in the low HbA1c/ApoA-1 group had the lowest risk of MACEs (P<0.01). Spearman rank correlation analysis showed that HbA1/ApoA-1 ratio was positively correlated with Gensini score in ACS patients (r=0.274, P<0.01). Conclusion: High HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio was an independent risk factor for MACEs in ACS patients. Patients with high HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio had more severe coronary artery disease lesions. HbA1c/ApoA-1 ratio may be used as a potential risk stratification biomarker for ACS patients, it might be useful for the early identification of high-risk population and for predicting the incidence of MACEs among ACS patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Apolipoprotein A-I/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin/analysis , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Predictive Value of Tests
4.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 52-58, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the indications and management of common postoperative complications of phase II tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) for Provox Vega voice prosthesis after total laryngectomy. Methods: The clinical data of 20 patients undergoing phase II TEP for Provox Vega voice prosthesis in our hospital between May 2021 and January 2022 were analyzed. Among them, there were 19 males and 1 female, aged from 37 to 76 years, with an average age of (60.0±8.4)years. The surgical indications and the prevention and treatment of common postoperative complications were summarized. Descriptive analysis was used in this research. Results: The basic surgical indications were as following: after total laryngectomy, there was no stenosis of the stoma and esophagus entrance, no scar constitution, no mouth opening restriction, no stiffness and backward restraint of the neck after radiotherapy, and more than half a year apart surgery or radiotherapy. Among the 20 patients, 18 underwent implantation successfuly, 1 failed in the operation, and for 1 patient, the prosthesis was removed due to bleeding 1 week after implantation. The common postoperative complications included TEP fistula infection (2 cases), the TEP fistula bleeding(1 case), deep neck (prevertebral) abscess (1 case), granulation at the inner side of the TEP fistula (1 case), invagination of the prosthesis (2 cases) and leakage around the prosthesis (2 cases). All patients were cured with different interventions. Conclusions: The Provox Vega voice prosthesis is generally safe for phase Ⅱ implantatione, but implantation indications need to be established. Common postoperative complications can be solved through preventive and remedial interventions.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Larynx, Artificial/adverse effects , Laryngectomy/adverse effects , Prosthesis Implantation/adverse effects , Esophagus/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Prosthesis Design
5.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 596-600, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009392

ABSTRACT

Wound age estimation is the core content in the practice of forensic medicine. Accurate estimation of wound age is a scientific question that needs to be urgently solved by forensic scientists at home and abroad. Metabolomics techniques can effectively detect endogenous metabolites produced by internal or external stimulating factors and describe the dynamic changes of metabolites in vivo. It has the advantages of strong operability, high detection efficiency and accurate quantitative results. Machine learning algorithm has special advantages in processing high-dimensional data sets, which can effectively mine biological information and truly reflect the physiological, disease or injury state of the body. It is a new technical means for efficiently processing high-throughput big data. This paper reviews the status and advantages of metabolomic techniques combined with machine learning algorithm in the research of wound age estimation, and provides new ideas for this research.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Machine Learning , Forensic Medicine , Metabolomics , Big Data
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984683

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the prognosis of mildly or severely symptomatic patients with obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (OHCM) who underwent alcohol septal ablation (ASA). Methods: This retrospective study cohort consisted of patients with OHCM who received ASA treatment in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University from March 2001 to August 2021. These patients were divided into mildly and severely symptomatic groups according to the severity of clinical symptoms. Long-term follow-up was conducted, and the following data were collected: duration of follow-up, postoperatire treatment, New York Heart Association (NYHA) classification, arrhythmia events and pacemaker implantation, echocardiographic parameters, and cause of death. Overall survival and survival free from OHCM-related death were observed, and the improvement of clinical symptoms and resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) and the incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation were evaluated. The Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test were used to determine and compare the cumulative survival rates of the different groups. Cox regression analysis models were used to determine predictors of clinical events. Results: A total of 189 OHCM patients were included in this study, including 68 in the mildly symptomatic group and 121 in the severely symptomatic group. The median follow-up of the study was 6.0 (2.7, 10.6) years. There was no statistical difference in overall survival between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year overall survival were 94.2% and 83.9%, respectively, P=0.405); there was also no statistical difference in survival free from OHCM-related death between the mildly symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 97.0% and 94.4%, respectively) and the severely symptomatic group (5-year and 10-year survival free from HCM-related death were 95.2% and 92.6%, respectively, P=0.846). In the mildly symptomatic group, NYHA classification was improved after ASA (P<0.001), among which 37 patients (54.4%) were in NYHA class Ⅰ, and the resting left ventricular outflow tract gradient (LVOTG) decreased from 67.6 (42.7, 90.1) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to 24.4 (11.7, 35.6) mmHg (P<0.001). In severely symptomatic group, NYHA classification was also improved post ASA (P<0.001), among which 96 patients (79.3%) improved by at least one NYHA classification, and the resting LVOTG decreased from 69.6 (38.4, 96.1) mmHg to 19.0 (10.6, 39.8) mmHg (P<0.001). The incidence of new-onset atrial fibrillation was similar between the mildly and severely symptomatic groups (10.2% vs. 13.3%, P=0.565). Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA (HR=1.068, 95%CI 1.002-1.139, P=0.042). Conclusions: Among patients with OHCM treated with ASA, overall survival and survival free from HCM-related death were similar between mildly symptomatic group and severely symptomatic group. ASA therapy can effectively relieve resting LVOTG and improve clinical symptoms in mildly or severely symptomatic patients with OHCM. Age was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality in OHCM patients post ASA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Atrial Fibrillation , Heart Septum/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery
7.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 301-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970923

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for 4 patients with globozoospermia.@*METHODS@#Semen and blood samples were collected from the patients for the determination of sperm concentration, viability, survival rate, morphology and acrosome antigen CD46. Meanwhile, DNA was extracted for whole exome sequencing (WES), and candidate variants were validated by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#All of the four patients were found to harbor variants of the DPY19L2 gene. Patients 1 ~ 3 had homozygous deletions of the DPY19L2 gene. Sanger sequencing confirmed that the DPY19L2 gene in patient 3 was disrupted at a recombination breakpoint area BP2, resulting in nonallelic homologous recombination and complete deletion of the DPY19L2 gene. Patients 2 and 3 respectively harbored novel homozygous deletions of exons 2 ~ 22 and exons 14 ~ 15. Patient 4 harbored heterozygous deletion of the DPY19L2 gene, in addition with a rare homozygous deletion of the 3' UTR region.@*CONCLUSION@#DPY19L2 gene variants probably underlay the globozoospermia in the four patients, which has fit an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and the characteristics of genomic diseases.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Teratozoospermia/genetics , Homozygote , Semen , Sequence Deletion , 3' Untranslated Regions , Membrane Proteins
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 42-50, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940619

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the therapeutic effect and possible mechanism of Banxia Xiexintang and its disassembled prescriptions in regulating the flora disorder induced by mixed antibiotics in young rats. MethodSeventy male BALB/C young rats were randomly assigned into 7 groups: blank group, model group, Bifidobacterium tetralogy viable tablets (0.68 g·kg-1) group, Banxia Xiexintang (9.1 g·kg-1) group, Xinkai (3.19 g·kg-1) group, Kujiang (1.82 g·kg-1) group, and Ganbu (4.1 g·kg-1) group, with 10 rats in each group. Except the blank group, the other groups were given mixed antibiotics by gavage to induce intestinal flora disorder. After 14 days, the rats in different drug groups were administrated with corresponding drugs by gavage, and those in the blank group and model group with the same amount of normal saline once a day for 14 days. After that, fecal samples were collected aseptically for 16S rDNA sequencing of intestinal flora, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 mg·kg-1) was injected intraperitoneally to induce inflammatory reaction. The tissue morphology of colonic mucosa was observed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the macrophage infiltration of colonic mucosa was observed via toluidine blue staining and immunohistochemistry. The expression of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the blank group, the modeling changed the intestinal flora structure of the young rats (P<0.01), damaged the colonic mucosa, reduced the macrophage infiltration, and down-regulated the mRNA levels of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and IL-10 (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, bifidobacterium quadruple viable tablets, Banxia Xiexintang and its disassembled prescriptions increased the diversity of intestinal flora and the relative abundance of beneficial bacteria such as Bacteroidetes and Firmicutes (P<0.01). At the same time, they ameliorated colonic mucosal injury (P<0.05, P<0.01), increased macrophage infiltration (P<0.05, P<0.01), and up-regulated the mRNA levels of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α (P<0.01). The mRNA level of IL-1β was up-regulated in Bifidobacterium tetralogy viable tablets, Banxia Xiexintang, Kujiang, and Ganbu groups (P<0.01), and that of IL-10 was up-regulated in Bifidobacterium tetralogy viable tablets, Banxia Xiexintang, Xinkai, and Ganbu groups (P<0.01). ConclusionBanxia Xiexintang and the disassembled prescriptions can adjust the intestinal flora of young rats exposed to antibiotics and protect the immune barrier of colonic mucosa after intestinal flora disorder. In particularly, the whole prescription of Banxia Xiexintang demonstrates the best performance.

9.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 59-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The metabolomics technique of LC-MS/MS combined with data analysis was used to detect changes and differences in metabolic profiles in the vitreous humor of early rat carcasses found in water, and to explore the feasibility of its use for early postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimation and the cause of death determination.@*METHODS@#The experimental model was established in natural lake water with 100 SD rats were randomly divided into a drowning group (n=50) and a postmortem (CO2 suffocation) immediately submersion group (n=50). Vitreous humor was extracted from 10 rats in each group at 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h postmortem for metabolomics analyses, of which 8 were used as the training set to build the model, and 2 were used as test set. PCA and PLS multivariate statistical analysis were performed to explore the differences in metabolic profiles among PMSI and causes of death in the training set samples. Then random forest (RF) algorithm was used to screen several biomarkers to establish a model.@*RESULTS@#PCA and PLS analysis showed that the metabolic profiles had time regularity, but no differences were found among different causes of death. Thirteen small molecule biomarkers with good temporal correlation were selected by RF algorithm. A simple PMSI estimation model was constructed based on this indicator set, and the data of the test samples showed the mean absolute error (MAE) of the model was 0.847 h.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 13 metabolic markers screened in the vitreous humor of rat corpses in water had good correlations with the early PMSI. The simplified PMSI estimation model constructed by RF can be used to estimate the PMSI. Additionally, the metabolic profiles of vitreous humor cannot be used for early identification of cause of death in water carcasses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cadaver , Chromatography, Liquid , Immersion , Postmortem Changes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Vitreous Body/metabolism , Water/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 680-686, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941335

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO) and the degree of coronary atherosclerosis in coronary heart diseases (CHD) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Consecutive patients, who underwent coronary angiography due to suspected CHD in Beijing Hospital from November 2016 to January 2018, were screened in this cross-sectional study. According to blood glucose level, previous medical history and coronary angiography results, they were divided into CHD without type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-nDM) group and CHD with type2 diabetes mellitus(CHD-DM) group. Plasma TMAO levels in each group were measured by LC-MS/MS. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between TMAO and the number of diseased vessels and Gensini scores. Multivariate logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between TMAO and high Gensini scores. Results: A total of 590 patients were enrolled in the study, including 238 patients in CHD-DM group and 352 patients in CHD-nDM group. Patients were older, body mass index, blood pressure level, prevalence of history of hypertension and statins use were higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with multivessel disease (2 or more vessels) was also higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Gensini score was higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.05). Fasting blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin and urea were significantly higher, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and hemoglobin were significantly lower in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (all P<0.05). The levels of TMAO was significantly higher in CHD-DM group than in CHD-nDM group (P<0.001). Spearman correlation analysis showed that TMAO was positively correlated with the number of diseased vessels, Gensini score, age and blood glucose level (r=0.178, 0.189, 0.260, 0.111, respectively, all P<0.01). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, TMAO level was still positively correlated with high Gensini score in CHD-DM group (OR=2.25, 95%CI 1.16-4.38, P=0.017), but not in CHD-nDM group (OR=1.29, 95%CI 0.72-2.31, P=0.386) after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, total cholesterol, triglyceride, history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, smoking and statin use. Conclusions: In CHD patients with tupe 2 diabetes mellitus, the plasma TMAO level is significantly increased and is independent and positively correlated with the degree of coronary artery disease.

11.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 80-82, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798830

ABSTRACT

Noonan syndrome is a genetic multisystem disorder characterised by distinctive facial features, congenital heart disease, short stature, developmental delay, and bleeding diculties. This paper reports a rare Noonan syndrome child who presented chiefly to our institution with severe blepharophimosis. After DAN whole exome sequencing analysis, the patient was diagnosed with the PTPN11 gene c. 1517C> T mutation.

12.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 523-528, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805400

ABSTRACT

The significant progress in cosmetic epicanthoplasty from 1959 to 2019 was reviewed in this article. The causes and pathogenesis of congenital epicanthus, the classification and grading of various epicanthus, the development and evolution of epicanthoplasty method were summarized emphatically. Meanwhile, the author presents his predictions for the future development and some related issues in this field.

13.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 513-518, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805190

ABSTRACT

Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are adult mesenchymal stem cells, which are derived from adipose tissue. ADSCs have broad applications, due to the potential of multiple differentiation, easy sampling, wide sources and high proliferation capacity in vitro. Many researches demonstrated that ADSCs have significant effects on anti-aging. Its mechanism and therapeutic effects also become a hot topic in recent years. This review summarized the biological characteristics of ADSCs, the mechanism of skin aging, the anti-aging mechanism of ADSCs, so as to provide reference for the use of ADSCs for skin anti-aging in the future.

14.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 272-279, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805037

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To determine the relationship between nodal disease distribution patterns and oncological outcome and optimum management of cN0/cN1 patients with hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (HPSCC).@*Methods@#The collected clinical data and the follow-up disease-free survival (DFS) information from 154 patients with HPSCC treated between 2001 and 2014 in Eye Ear Nose and Throat Hospital of Fudan University were retrospectively analyzed. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate DFS rate. Log-rank test and Cox regression model were performed to evaluate the survival prognostic factors for univariate and multivariate analyses.@*Results@#Among 154 patients (63 cN0 patients, 91 cN1 patients) with HPSCC,in whom 148 were male, 6 were female, with an arerage age of (58.6±9.9), 63 cN0 patients received lateral neck dissection, of whom 9 were histologically positive nodes. Particularly, occult metastasis rate was 15.6%(7/45) for HPSCC in pyriform sinus and 18.2%(2/11) for HPSCC in posterior pharyngeal wall. Among 91 cN1 HPSCC, 34 underwent radical neck dissection and 54 underwent selective neck dissection. DFS for patients(T3-4N1) with radical neck dissection was lower than that for patient with selective neck dissection(15.2% vs.39.5%, χ2=5.153, P<0.05). The DFS of cN0 HPSCC was overestimated by the false-negative patients (cN0→pN+) for cN0 HPSCC and the DFS of cN1 HPSCC was underestimated by the false-positive(cN1→pN0) for cN1 HPSCC.@*Conclusions@#For cN1 HPSCC, compared with radical neck dissection, selective neck dissection may be considered as a more adequate method for removal of metastatic lymph nodes. Postoperative combined therapy and follow-up strategy should be established according to pathological N staging.

15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 63-68, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772840

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is always associated with abnormalities in renal microvascular perfusion (RMP). However, few imaging methods can simultaneously evaluate the degree of luminal stenosis and RMP. Thus, this study will aim to evaluate the feasibility of using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for assessing both RAS and RMP to achieve a one-stop assessment of patients with suspected renovascular hypertension.@*METHODS@#This will be a single-center diagnostic study with a sample size of 440. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and suspected of having resistant hypertension will be eligible. Patients with Stages 1-3 CKD will undergo CEUS and computed tomography (CT) angiography (CTA). Values obtained by CEUS and CTA for diagnosing low-grade (lumen reduced by <60%) and high-grade (lumen reduced by ≥60%) RAS will be compared. Moreover, all patients will also undergo radionuclide imaging. The diagnostic value for RAS will be assessed by the receiver operating characteristic curve, including the accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, negative predictive values, and area under the ROC. Pearson correlation analysis will be performed to assess the association between CEUS findings for RMP and glomerular filtration rate measured by a radionuclide imaging method.@*CONCLUSION@#The data gathered from this study will be used to evaluate the feasibility of expanding clinical applications of CEUS for evaluation of patients with suspected renovascular hypertension.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800016252; https://www.chictr.org.cn.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contrast Media , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Physiology , Hypertension, Renovascular , ROC Curve , Renal Artery , Renal Artery Obstruction
16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 185-190, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734542

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the middle-term clinical and radiological outcomes of self-locking and zero-profile cages for the treatment of multi-segmental cervical spondylosis in elderly patients through anterior decompression and fusion approach.Methods A total of 39 old patients with multi-segmental cervical spondylosis who received anterior cervical decompression and internal fixation with self-locking and zero-profile cages from January 2013 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.The operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume and post-operational complications were recorded.The functions of cervical spine before and 1-month,1-year,the last follow-up after treatment were evaluated by using the neck pain visual analogue scale(VAS) score,the Japanese orthopedic association (JOA)score and neck disability index (NDI)score.The subjective satisfaction at the final follow-up was evaluated by using Odom's criteria.The whole cervical spine curvature,the range of motion of cervical spine,the height of fused segment,Cobb angle of fused segment,C2~C7 line of force at sagittal view,Cage sedimentation rate and fusion rate before and 1-month and 1-year and the last follow-up after treatment were evaluated by using X-ray and CT and compared between the two groups.Results All patients were followed up,and the mean follow-up time was(35.0±5.3)months(24-48 months).The average operation time was(110.0±21.3)min(85-180 min).The average intraoperative bleeding volum was (50.3 ± 10.6)ml (20-150 ml).There were significant differences in JOA and NDI scores before versus at 1-month,1-year and the final follow-up after treatment(F=9.93 and 28.21,P=0.001 and 0.001).The VAS score of neck pain was lower at 1-month,1-year follow-up than at pre-treatment(P<0.05),while there were no significant differences in VAS score before treatment versus at the final treatment(P>0.05).The fineness rate by the Odom criteria was 84.6 % (33/39 cases)at the final follow-up.The whole cervical spine curvature,the height of fused segment,the Cobb angle of fused segment and C2-C7 line of force at sagittal view were significantly improved at 1-month,1-year and the final follow-up versus pre-treatment(P<0.05).The improvements in whole cervical spine curvature and the height of fused segment were lost in some degree with the time extension of follow-up,and the degree of improvements losing was higher at the final follow-up than at 1-year follow-up.At last follow up and in all of patients,the rate of segment fusion were 87.2 % (102/117 cases) and Cage sedimentation rate was still 21.4 % (25/117 cases).Conclusions Self-locking and zero-profile cages can shorten the operation time,reduce the incidence of postoperative dysphagia,and have good clinical efficacy and fusion rate.But the improvements in cervical spine curvature and the height of fused segement are gradually lost,and the cage has a subsidence in some degree in the middle-term follow-up.Thus,a comprehensive consideration is still needed when choosing self-locking and zero-profile cages for clinical application.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1655-1660, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To establish content determination method of Triptolide-glycyrrhetic acid compound microemulsion, optimize the formula and investigate its physicochemical properties and release rate in vitro. METHODS: The content of Triptolide- glycyrrhetic acid compound microemulsion was determined by UPLC. The determination was performed on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution-acetonitrile (gradient elution) at the flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. The column temperature was 40 ℃. The detection wavelength was set at 218 nm, and sample size was 5 μL. Pseudo-ternary phase diagrams were drawn by water titration method. Using oil phase, surfactants and co-surfactants as index, the formula was optimized, and in intro release characteristics was investigated by in vitro release test. RESULTS: The linear range of triptolide and glycyrrhetinic acid were 1-40 μg/mL(r=0.999 7) and 10-400 μg/mL(r=0.999 8), respectively. The limits of quantitation were 0.5 and 0.8 μg/mL; the limits of detection were 0.1 and 0.2 μg/mL. RSDs of precision, stability and reproducibility tests were all less than 2%. Average recoveries were 100.32%-101.15% (RSD=0.36%, n=6), 99.78%-101.42% (RSD=0.59%,n=6). The optimal formula included that medium chain triglyceride as oil phase, polyethylene glycol hydroxy stearate as surfactants, ethanol as co-surfactants, water as water phase, the proportion of them was 8 ∶  28 ∶ 14 ∶ 50. The obtained microemulsion was O/W type, being transparent and clear, with average diameter, average polydispersity index and average viscosity of (62.38±3.44) nm, 0.096±0.001 and (26.84±1.10) mPa·S. Within 24 h, cumulative release rates of triptolide and glycyrrhetinic acid in obtained microemulsion were 99.8% and 99.7% (in PBS pH 2.0), 99.3% and 99.4% (in PBS pH 7.4), 98.9% and 98.4% (in PBS pH 9.0), respectively. Triptolide and glycyrrhetinic acid released faster in the single microemulsion than in the compound microemulsion. CONCLUSIONS: Established content determination method is simple and stable. The optimized formula is stable and feasible. Obtained iriptolide-glycyrrhetinic acid compound microemulsion show better sustained-release effect than sigle microemulsion.

18.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 136-142, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984988

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of cannabinoid type 2 receptor (CB2R) at different time points after brain contusion and its relationship with wound age of mice. Methods A mouse brain contusion model was established with PCI3000 Precision Cortical Impactor. Expression changes of CB2R around the injured area were detected with immunohistochemical staining, immunofluorescent staining and Western blotting at different time points. Results Immunohistochemical staining results showed that only a few cells in the cerebral cortex of the sham operated group had CB2R positive expression. The ratio of CB2R positive cells gradually increased after injury and reached the peak twice at 12 h and 7 d post-injury, followed by a decrease to the normal level 28 d post-injury. The results of Western blotting were consistent with the immunohistochemical staining results. Immunofluorescent staining demonstrated that the changes of the ratio of CB2R positive cells in neurons, CB2R positive cells in monocytes and CB2R positive cells in astrocytes to the total cell number showed a single peak pattern, which peaked at 12 h, 1 d and 7 d post-injury, respectively. Conclusion The expression of CB2R after brain contusion in neurons, monocytes and astrocytes in mice suggests that it is likely to be involved in the regulation of the biological functions of those cells. The changes in CB2R are time-dependent, which suggests its potential applicability as a biological indicator for wound age estimation of brain contusion in forensic practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blotting, Western , Brain Contusion/metabolism , Brain Injuries , Forensic Pathology , Muscle, Skeletal/pathology , Receptor, Cannabinoid, CB2/metabolism , Receptors, Cannabinoid , Time Factors , Wound Healing/physiology
19.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 814-817, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807489

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the therapeutic effect of choosing different surgical incisions in eyebrow lifting.@*Methods@#This research recruited 87 female who underwent eyebrow lifting in our hospital from January 2015 to December 2017, with the mean age of 52.4 years ranging from 25 to 71 years. According to the degree of the upper eyelid soft tissue laxity the level of eyebrow drooping and cosmetic patients personal requirements, we performed different surgical incisions respectively. Therefore, there were 39 cases upper-eyebrow incision, 31 cases under-eyebrow incision and 17 cases combined with upper and lower eyebrow incision.@*Results@#87 women who had undergone the 3 months to 4 years follow-up (average period, 6.3-month), are pleased with their eyebrow and rejuvenation after eyebrow lifting, with 90.8% (79 of 87) satisfaction, 6.9% (6 of 87) satisfaction basically and 2.3% (2 of 87) dissatisfaction. And only 2 patients had secondary surgery for unacceptable brow shape.@*Conclusions@#By choosing different eyebrow incisions and removing skin around the eyebrow, there were efficient ways to rectify the upper eyelid skin relaxation and eyebrow drooping, widen the double eyelid line as well as to improve crow′s-feet. We firmly believe that it is essential for surgeons to sufficiently get to know patients′ requirements and design a personalized treatment scheme according to the relaxation degree of the upper eyelid soft tissue and the shape of eye-brow.

20.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 911-914, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702842

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the predictors factor analysis of acute viral lower respiratory tract infection ( AVLRI) in children with bronchopulmonary dysplasia(BPD). Methods:Retrospective survey 60 patients with BPD complicated with AVLRI were selected from June 2015 and June 2017 in our hospital as a combined group,60 children with BPD without AVLRI were selected as control group at the same time,analysis of predictors of AVLRI in children with BPD. Results:In this survey,combined group with respiratory syncytial virus(RSV) infection was the main type of infection,and there were 35 cases(58% ),the result of single factor analysis showed,the incidence of AVLRI in children with BPD was related to factors such as season,feeding mode,family smoking,BPD condition,birth weight,basic diseases,congenital heart disease,maternal gestational diabetes mellitus,atopic diseases and so on(P<0. 05),the result of Logistics multivariate factor analysis showed,autumn winter season,severe BPD,congenital heart disease,maternal atopic disease,and artificial feeding were predictors of AVLRI in BPD children(P<0. 05). Conclusion:BPD complicated with AVLRI is often caused by RSV,it is caused by a variety of factors,autumn is the high incidence season,autumn and winter,children with severe BPD, congenital heart disease, maternal atopic disease and artificial feeding may be as a predictor of the occurrence, the effective measures should be taken according to the above factors.

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