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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e202-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001139

ABSTRACT

Background@#s: Fimasartan is the most recently developed, potent, and long-acting angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB). However, data are limited regarding treatment effects of fimasartan in patients with heart failure. @*Methods@#Between 2010 and 2016, patients who underwent coronary revascularization for myocardial infarction (MI) with heart failure and prescription of ARB at hospital discharge were enrolled from the Korean nationwide medical insurance data. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients receiving fimasartan and those receiving other ARBs (candesartan, valsartan, losartan, telmisartan, olmesartan, and irbesartan). The primary outcome was a composite of all-cause death, recurrent MI, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke. @*Results@#Of 2,802 eligible patients, fimasartan was prescribed to 124 patients (4.4%). During a median follow-up of 2.2 years (interquartile range, 1.0–3.9), 613 events of the primary outcome occurred. There was no significant difference in the primary outcome between patients receiving fimasartan and those receiving other ARBs (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.82; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.46–1.45). Compared with patients receiving other ARBs, those receiving fimasartan had comparable incidence of all-cause death (adjusted HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.30–1.63), recurrent MI (adjusted HR, 1.28; 95% CI, 0.49–3.34), hospitalization for heart failure (adjusted HR, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.27–1.84), and stroke (adjusted HR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.18–1.96). @*Conclusion@#In this nationwide cohort, fimasartan, compared with other ARBs, had comparable treatment effects for a composite of all-cause death, recurrent MI, hospitalization for heart failure, and stroke in patients with heart failure after MI.

2.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 555-564, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900433

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increase gastric pH and alter the gut microbiome. An increased risk for infectious diseases has been reported in PPI users. However, little is known about the association of PPI use with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) incidence risk. @*Methods@#We conducted a population-based cohort study using data from a nationwide representative sample of the Korean general population followed up for 10 years (January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2013). We identified PPI prescriptions and considered PPI as a timevarying variable. Proportional hazards regression model was used for incident PLA comparing PPI use versus non-use. Propensity score matching was also conducted. @*Results@#During the 4 209 229 person-years of follow-up, 58 595 participants had at least 1 PPI prescription and 541 patients developed liver abscess. The age-, sex-, residential area-, and income-adjusted hazard ratio for PLA incidence with PPI use was 4.19 (95% CI, 2.54-6.92). The association was observed in fully adjusted models (hazard ratio 3.88; 95% CI, 2.33-6.44). The positive association between PPI use and PLA was consistent in all subgroups analyzed and in propensity score matching group. @*Conclusion@#The present data indicate that PPI use is associated with an increased PLA risk. Therefore, it is necessary to prescribe PPIs with clear indication and to avoid improper use of PPIs.

3.
Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility ; : 555-564, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892729

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) increase gastric pH and alter the gut microbiome. An increased risk for infectious diseases has been reported in PPI users. However, little is known about the association of PPI use with pyogenic liver abscess (PLA) incidence risk. @*Methods@#We conducted a population-based cohort study using data from a nationwide representative sample of the Korean general population followed up for 10 years (January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2013). We identified PPI prescriptions and considered PPI as a timevarying variable. Proportional hazards regression model was used for incident PLA comparing PPI use versus non-use. Propensity score matching was also conducted. @*Results@#During the 4 209 229 person-years of follow-up, 58 595 participants had at least 1 PPI prescription and 541 patients developed liver abscess. The age-, sex-, residential area-, and income-adjusted hazard ratio for PLA incidence with PPI use was 4.19 (95% CI, 2.54-6.92). The association was observed in fully adjusted models (hazard ratio 3.88; 95% CI, 2.33-6.44). The positive association between PPI use and PLA was consistent in all subgroups analyzed and in propensity score matching group. @*Conclusion@#The present data indicate that PPI use is associated with an increased PLA risk. Therefore, it is necessary to prescribe PPIs with clear indication and to avoid improper use of PPIs.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e101-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831485

ABSTRACT

Background@#Despite the increasing importance of rehabilitation for critically ill patients, there is little information regarding how rehabilitation therapy is utilized in clinical practice. Our objectives were to evaluate the implementation rate of rehabilitation therapy in the intensive care unit (ICU) survivors and to investigate the effects of rehabilitation therapy on outcomes. @*Methods@#A retrospective nationwide cohort study with including > 18 years of ages admitted to ICU between January 2008 and May 2015 (n = 1,465,776). The analyzed outcomes were readmission to ICU readmission and emergency room (ER) visit. @*Results@#During the study period, 249,918 (17.1%) patients received rehabilitation therapy. The percentage of patients receiving any rehabilitation therapy increased annually from 14% in 2008 to 20% in 2014, and the percentages for each type of therapy also increased over time. The most common type of rehabilitation was physical therapy (91.9%), followed by neuromuscular electrical stimulation (29.6%), occupational (28.6%), respiratory, (11.6%) and swallowing (10.3%) therapies. After adjusting for confounding variables, the risk of 30-day ICU readmission was lower in patients who received rehabilitation therapy than in those who did not (P < 0.001; hazard ratio [HR], 0.70; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.65–0.75). And, the risk of 30-day ER visit was also lower in patients who received rehabilitation therapy (P < 0.001; HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.77–0.88). @*Conclusion@#In this nationwide cohort study in Korea, only 17% of all ICU patients received rehabilitation therapy. However, rehabilitation is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of 30-day ICU readmission and ER visit.

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