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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 890-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996637

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To summarize the surgical treatment experience in neonates with coarctation of the aorta (CoA) and aortic arch hypoplasia (AAH). Methods     The neonates with CoA and AAH who underwent surgical treatment in the Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery of Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from 2013 to 2020 were retrospectively enrolled. The postoperative complications, long-term survival rate, and freedom from aortic reobstruction were analyzed. Patients undergoing extended end-to-end anastomosis were allocated into an extended end-to-end group, those undergoing extended end-to-side anastomosis into an extended end-to-side group, and those undergoing pulmonary autograft patch aortoplasty into a patch aortoplasty group. Results     Finally 44 patients were  enrolled, including 37 males and 7 females, aged 5.00-30.00 (19.34±7.61) days and weighted 2.00-4.50 (3.30±0.60) kg. There were 19 patients of extended end-to-end anastomosis, 19 patients of extended end-to-side anastomosis, and 6 patients of pulmonary autograft patch aortoplasty. The mean values of the Z scores of the proximal, distal, and isthmus of the aortic arch were –2.91±1.52, –3.40±1.30, and –4.04±1.98, respectively. The mean follow-up time was 45.6±3.7 months. There were 2 early deaths and no late deaths. Aortic reobstruction occurred in 8 patients, and 3 patients underwent reoperation intervention. The 5-year rate of freedom from reobstruction was 78.8%. The Cox multivariable regression analysis showed that the related factors for postoperative reobstruction were the Z score of the preoperative proximal aortic arch (HR=0.152, 95%CI 0.038-0.601, P=0.007) and the postoperative left main bronchus compression (HR=15.261, 95%CI 1.104-210.978, P=0.042). Conclusion     Three surgical procedures for neonates with CoA and AAH are safe and effective, but the aortic reobstruction rate in long term is not low. The smaller Z score of the preoperative proximal aortic arch and the postoperative left main bronchus compression are risk factors for long-term aortic reobstruction.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 682-690, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881243

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To quest the risk factors of poor prognoses in children with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) during perioperative period and evaluate its clinical application values. Methods    A retrospective analysis of the clinical data of 119 children who underwent one-stage correction of TOF in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from September 2016 to January 2019. The cohort includes 75 males and 44 females, with ages ranging from 3.2-137.1 (13.2±1.4) months and weights ranging from 4.6-21.0 (8.3±0.2) kg. Perioperative poor prognosis was defined as duration of mechanically assisted ventilation >48 h or secondary intubation, vasoactive-inotropic score (VIS) within 48 h >40, postoperative length of stay >14 d, and the occurrence of the major adverse events. Major adverse events were defined as early death, malignant arrhythmia, low cardiac output syndrome, non-fatal cardiac arrest, postoperative reintervention, diaphragm paralysis, and other clinical complications. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to analyze the correlation between risk factors and poor prognoses. Results    There was 1 perioperative death, and 9 with major adverse events. Variables selected by Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) included 2 preoperative variables (McGoon index, aortic root diameter index) and 4 intra-operative variables [left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, total length of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) incision index, pulmonary valve with commissurotomy, and minimum temperature in cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB)]. Univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were used to the above factors, respectively. The variables with statistical significance (P≤0.05) were McGoon index, aortic root diameter index, left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve, and minimum temperature in CPB. A nomogram was established based on the above factors, and the results showed that the left-right direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve was more risky than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. The lower the McGoon index, the higher aortic root diameter, and the lower temperature in CPB, the higher risk of poor prognostic events in children with TOF. Conclusion    The left-right direction of the pulmonary bicuspid valve has a higher risk of poor prognosis than the tricuspid pulmonary valve and the anterior-posterior direction of bicuspid pulmonary valve. With the smaller McGoon index and the larger aortic root diameter, the risk of poor prognoses in children with TOF is higher. The temperature in CPB being lower than medium-low temperature obviously relates to the high incidence of poor prognostic events, which can be used as an auxiliary reference standard for decision-making in pediatric TOF surgery in the future.

3.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 449-456, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912304

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed at analyzing risk factors associated with surgical outcomes of neonatal total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) in our center.Methods:A total of 105 neonates who underwent surgical repair for TAPVC from January 1st, 2009 to January 1st, 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The anatomical types of TAPVC included supracardiac 42(40%, 42/105), cardiac 21(20%, 21/105), infracardiac 36(34.3%, 36/105), and mixed 6(5.7%, 6/105). The Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to analyze the risk factors related to postoperative pulmonary venous obstruction (PVO) and mortality. Kaplan- Meier analysis was used to analyze the overall survival rates. Results:Twenty-six patients (24.8%, 26/105) were diagnosed with preoperative PVO. The 30-day, 1 year, and 5 years survival rate was 92.4%, 86.7%, and 86.7% respectively. Postoperative PVO occurred in 17 patients (16.2%, 17/105). Preoperative acidosis, low surgical weight, prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time, increasing postoperative central venous pressure (CVP), and reoperation were risk factors associated with mortality. Preoperative acidosis ( P<0.001), prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time ( P<0.001), and increasing postoperative CVP ( P=0.005) were independent risk factors for mortality. Mixed TAPVC, preoperative acidosis, low surgical age, prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time, postoperative pulmonary arterial hypertension were risk factors associated with postoperative PVO. Prolonged cardiopulmonary bypass time ( P=0.029), postoperative pulmonary arterial hypertension ( P<0.001), and mixed TAPVC ( P=0.017) were independent risk factors associated with postoperative PVO. Conclusion:The surgical outcomes of neonatal TAPVC in our center were acceptable, with low mortality rate and incidence of PVO. However, neonates with preoperative acidosis, prolonged duration of cardiopulmonary bypass time, and increased postoperative CVP had a poor prognosis. Patients with mixed TAPVC were at increased risk for postoperative PVO.

4.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 380-384, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912290

ABSTRACT

Sutureless technique is effective for the treatment of pulmonary vein obstruction after total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) surgery and has been widely used for primary correction of TAPVC. Sutureless repair had more convincing surgical outcomes, including lower mortality and reoperation rate, compared with conventional repair. However, sutureless technique also has some complications, including potential bleeding at the anastomotic site, phrenic nerve injury, air embolism. The safety and effectiveness are still controversial. This article reviewed the research status of sutureless technology in surgical correction of TAPVC in recent years.

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