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Pediatric Emergency Medicine Journal ; : 124-131, 2023.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002674


Purpose@#To evaluate the efficiency of the pediatric emergency ward (PEW) through the outcomes of children hospitalized to the ward by the department of pediatric emergency medicine (PEM). @*Methods@#A chart review was completed for children (< 15 years) who were hospitalized to the PEW via the pediatric emergency center from March through May 2021. We compared the general characteristics and details regarding the outcomes depending on the departments they were hospitalized to, namely PEM, pediatrics (PED), and others. @*Results@#We analyzed a total of 606 hospitalized children: PEM, 91; PED, 456; and others, 59. In the order listed above, their median ages were 2 years (interquartile range, 1-6), 1 year (0-4), and 9 years (7-14) (P < 0.001). The numbers of children with Korean Triage and Acuity Scale of 1-3 were 71 (78.0%), 400 (87.7%), and 33 (55.9%) (P < 0.001). Median length of stay (LOS) in the emergency department (ED) and hospital tended to be shorter in PEM (ED LOS: PEM, 4.3 hours vs. PED and others, 4.0-6.3 hours; hospital LOS: PEM, 19.0 hours vs. PED and others, 58.5-63.8 hours; all Ps < 0.001). The differences in the LOS were prominent between others and PEM (ED LOS, 1.538 [95% confidence interval, 1.353-1.749]; hospital LOS, 3.375 [2.741-4.157]). Transfers to other departments occurred only in PEM (4.4%) and PED (3.9%) whereas intensive care was performed only in others (27.1%). Return visits showed no difference among the 3 departments. Top 5 chief complaints and primary diagnoses of the children hospitalized to PEM were vomiting, fever, abdominal pain, head injury, and poisoning, and gastroenteritis, concussion, syncope, poisoning, and upper respiratory infection, respectively. @*Conclusion@#Hospitalization to PEWs for short-term treatment or observation may relieve overcrowding in EDs or in hospitals, with comparable frequency of return visits.