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1.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e61-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938395

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although there are growing demands for stem cell-based therapy for companion animals in various diseases, a few clinical trials have been reported. Moreover, most of them are the results from only one or a few times of stem cell injection. @*Objectives@#The aim of this study is to describe a long-term treatment with allogeneic adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) in a dog with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is a rare canine disease. @*Methods@#The dog with RA received intravascular injection of allogeneic ASCs derived from two healthy donors once a month for 11 months. To assess therapeutic effects of ASCs, orthopedic examination and clinical evaluation was performed. Cytokines of tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-6 in the plasma were measured using ELISA analysis. @*Results@#Despite this repeated and long-term administration of allogeneic ASCs, there were no side effects such as immunorejection responses or cell toxicity. The orthopedic examination score for the dog decreased after ASCs treatment, and the clinical condition of the dog and owner’s satisfaction were very good @*Conclusions@#Although ASCs has been suggested as one of the options for RA treatment because of its anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive functions, it has never been used to treat RA in dogs. The present report describes a case of canine RA treated with allogeneic ASCs for long-term in which the dog showed clinical improvement without adverse effects.

2.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 24-35, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925296

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the incidence and risk factors of cataract in people with diabetes mellitus (DM) using data from Ansan cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES). @*Methods@#Data from a total of 329 patients with type 2 DM without cataract who participated in Ansan cohort of the KoGES from baseline survey (2001–2002) to fifth follow-up visit (2011–2012) were examined.The characteristics of the subjects were analyzed with frequency and percentage, and mean and standard deviation. Cataract incidence was measured as incidence proportion (%). For risk factors of cataract, hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were obtained using the Cox proportional hazard model. @*Results@#The cataract incidence over a 10-year follow-up period was 19.1% (15.1 in males and 25.8 in females), and mean age at the incidence of cataract was 63.48 years (61.58 years in males and 65.31 years in females). Age (HR=1.09, 95% CI=1.05–1.13) and HbA1c (HR=1.21, 95% CI=1.07–1.37) or the duration of DM (HR=1.05, 95% CI=1.00–1.09) were found to be independently associated with cataract development. @*Conclusion@#Cataract development in people with DM is common, and its likelihood increases with age, HbA1c, and the duration of DM. Considering negative effect of cataract on their quality of life and economic burden, nurses should identify people with DM at a higher risk of cataract development, and plan individual eye examination programs to detect cataract development as early as possible.

3.
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing ; : 22-30, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-968183

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the mediating effect of Psychological stress of COVID-19 stress on the relationship between nursing work environment and turnover intention of nurses in long-term care hospitals. @*Methods@#The participants were 176 nurses working at three long-term care hospitals in Changwon City. Data were collected from August 11 to 14, 2021, using self-report questionnaires. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression, using the SPSS 23.0 software. A mediation analysis was performed according to the Baron and Kenny’s test, and Sobel test. @*Results@#Turnover intention was positively correlated with Psychological stress of COVID-19 stress (r=.23, p=.002) and negatively correlated with nursing work environment (r=-.44, p<.001). Psychological stress of COVID-19 stress had a significantly negative relationship with nursing work environment (r=-.15, p=.045). Psychological stress of COVID-19 stress partially mediated the relationship between nursing work environment and turnover intention. @*Conclusion@#The findings of this study indicate that a positive nursing work environment can help nurses reduce their Psychological stress of COVID-19 stress and turnover intention. To reduce the turnover intention among nurses’ in long-term care, it is necessary to promote better work environments suitable for COVID-19 and to establish detailed strategies for reducing their physiological stress.

4.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 517-528, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-946167

ABSTRACT

Background@#Self-sampling procedures to detect severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is important for patients who have difficulty visiting the hospital and may decrease the burden for health care workers (HCWs). The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance, stability and usability of self-collected nasal and oral combo swabs and saliva specimens. @*Materials and Methods@#We conducted a case-control study with 50 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and 50 healthy volunteers from March, 2021 to June, 2021. We performed real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction to compare the diagnostic performance of self-collected specimens using positive percent agreements (PPAs). @*Results@#The PPAs between self-collected and HCW-collected specimens were 77.3 - 81.0% and 80.5 -86.7% for the combo swabs and saliva specimens, respectively. The PPAs increased to 88.9 - 89.2% and 81.2 - 82.1% with a cycle threshold value ≤30. @*Conclusion@#The diagnostic performance of self sampling was comparable to that of HCW sampling in patients with high viral loads and may thus assist in the early diagnosis of COVID-19.

5.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 111-115, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966508

ABSTRACT

Kleefstra syndrome is a rare genetic disease characterized by mental retardation, hypotonia, and a characteristic facial appearance. Furthermore, in some cases, Kleefstra syndrome is associated with various anorectal and genitourinary complications, including imperforated anus, vesicoureteral reflux, hydronephrosis, and chronic kidney disease. Herein, we present a case of Kleefstra syndrome with recurrent urinary tract infections associated with vesicoureteral reflux and rectourethral fistula, which was treated by a multidisciplinary approach.

6.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 171-175, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896446

ABSTRACT

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with an acute or subacute clinical course. Bilateral lung consolidations located in the subpleural area and bronchovascular bundle are the most common findings on chest high-resolution computed tomography. The pathologic manifestations include granulation tissue in the alveoli, alveolar ducts, and bronchioles. COP responds fairly well to glucocorticoid monotherapy with rapid clinical improvement, but recurrence is common. However, treatment with combined immunosuppressant agents is not recommended, even if the COP patient does not respond to glucocorticoid monotherapy with expert opinion.

7.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 286-295, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893133

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced interstitial lung disease (DILD) is a group of adverse drug reactions that is rare but fatally toxic. Pulmonary toxicity causes inflammation and subsequent interstitial fibrosis. As novel drugs with a variety of purposes are introduced into the medical field, the number of culprit medications that are suspected to cause lung complications is accordingly increasing. In this review, DILD will be discussed from several aspects such as causality by numerous drugs, check points for a timely diagnosis, alongside some contemporary treatment options. The exact mechanism of DILD has not been elucidated, and a useful clinical, radiological, or pathological confirmation process is still lacking. Common drugs which casue DILD include bleomycin, amiodarone, epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted agents, and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Diagnosis is based on a suspicious drug administration history, somewhat inconsistent clinical symptoms and signs, radiological hints, and histopathological assistance, together with the exclusion of other lung-injuring etiologies. Cessation of the suspected drug, meticulous corticosteroid usage, and ancillary supportive management are the mainstay therapeutic strategy for DILD. Most cases of DILD respond to these countermeasures and reductions, but in some cases the fibrotic process worsens, leading to irreversible sequelae on the affected lung.

8.
Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing ; : 89-101, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891871

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Depression during pregnancy is a public health problem because of it's negative effects on the health of mother, infant, and their family. The purpose of this study was to explore women's experiences during pregnancy. @*Methods@#Data were collected from December 2, 2019, to February 10, 2020, through individual in-depth interviews with 8 pregnant women visiting at 2 women's hospital. Collected data were analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological analysis. @*Results@#The experiences of pregnant women with depression were clustered into the following six themes form 33 meaning units; 1) Maladaptation to pregnancy; 2) A future full of anxiety; 3) Loneliness without replying on someone; 4) I disappeared due to pregnancy; 5) Loss of mind control; 6) Struggle to overcome. In particular, depressed women during pregnancy experienced abnormal and negative emotions such as feeling of inferiority, self-deprecation, self-reproach, and suicidal thoughts. @*Conclusion@#This study show that pregnant women have significant symptoms of depression, and most of them were never given adequate treatment for their symptoms during pregnancy. To improve access to mental healthcare for depressed women during pregnancy, various aspects of strategies are needed which address individual, organizational, and sociocultural level. In addition, spouses and families must understand and empathize distress of pregnant women, and share the required role in the process of pregnancy and childbirth.

9.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 280-293, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891813

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the risk factors for diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) to develop and evaluate the performance of a DFU prediction model and nomogram among people with diabetes mellitus (DM). @*Methods@#This unmatched case-control study was conducted with 379 adult patients (118 patients with DM and 261 controls) from four general hospitals in South Korea. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire, foot examination, and review of patients’ electronic health records. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to build the DFU prediction model and nomogram. Further, their performance was analyzed using the Lemeshow–Hosmer test, concordance statistic (C-statistic), and sensitivity/specificity analyses in training and test samples. @*Results@#The prediction model was based on risk factors including previous foot ulcer or amputation, peripheral vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, current smoking, and chronic kidney disease. The calibration of the DFU nomogram was appropriate (χ2 = 5.85, p = .321). The C-statistic of the DFU nomogram was .95 (95% confidence interval .93~.97) for both the training and test samples. For clinical usefulness, the sensitivity and specificity obtained were 88.5% and 85.7%, respectively at 110 points in the training sample. The performance of the nomogram was better in male patients or those having DM for more than 10 years. @*Conclusion@#The nomogram of the DFU prediction model shows good performance, and is thereby recommended for monitoring the risk of DFU and preventing the occurrence of DFU in people with DM.

10.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 150-161, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891793

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in community-dwelling adults and identified the association between obesity and UTI. @*Methods@#The participants were 4,926 adults aged over 40 years who had no UTIs at the baseline survey of the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Obesity was defined according to the cirtieria of Korean Society for the Study of Obesity using body mass index (BMI) data. UTI was defined as those who had self-reported UTI or had either nitrite, or both leukocytes and blood in the urine dipstick test. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to identify the association between the obesity and UTI. @*Results@#The incidence proportion of UTI was 5.1%, and the incidence density per 1,000 person-years was 25.5. After controlling general characteristics, people with BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2 remained 1.66 times (HR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.06~2.60; p < .05) more likely to have UTI than those with normal weight. This trend was also present in men or people aged ≥ 60 years. Among women aged ≥ 60 years, people with BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 were 1.98 times (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.01~3.86; p < .05) more likely to have UTI than those with normal weight. @*Conclusion@#The BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 is a risk factor of UTIs in Korean adult men over 40 years and women aged ≥ 60 years. It is necessary to emphasize the importance of obesity management to men or women aged ≥ 60 years, specifically.

11.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 150-167, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891034

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) have been verified in many human and animal studies. Although some tissues contain MSCs, the number of cells harvested from those tissues and rate of proliferation in vitro are not enough for continuous transplantation. In order to produce and maintain stable MSCs, many attempts are made to induce differentiation from pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into MSCs. In particular, it is also known that the paracrine action of stem cell-secreted factors could promote the regeneration and differentiation of target cells in damaged tissue. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), one of the secreted factors, are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the translation of a gene. It is known that miRNAs help communication between stem cells and their surrounding niches through exosomes to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. While studies have so far been underway targeting therapeutic miRNAs of MSDs, studies on specific miRNAs secreted from MSCs are still minimal. Hence, our ultimate goal is to obtain sufficient amounts of exosomes from iPSC-MSCs and develop them into therapeutic agents, furthermore to select specific miRNAs and provide safe cell-free clinical setting as a cell-free status with purpose of delivering them to target cells. This review article focuses on stem cell therapy on MSDs, specific microRNAs regulating MSDs and updates on novel approaches.

12.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2021010-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890630

ABSTRACT

Researchers have been interested in probing how the environmental factors associated with allergic diseases affect the use of medical services. Considering this demand, we have constructed a database, named the Allergic Disease Database, based on the National Health Insurance Database (NHID). The NHID contains information on demographic and medical service utilization for approximately 99% of the Korean population. This study targeted 3 major allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and asthma. For the target diseases, our database provides daily medical service information, including the number of daily visits from 2013 and 2017, categorized by patients’ characteristics such as address, sex, age, and duration of residence. We provide additional information, including yearly population, a number of patients, and averaged geocoding coordinates by eup, myeon, and dong district code (the smallest-scale administrative units in Korea). This information enables researchers to analyze how daily changes in the environmental factors of allergic diseases (e.g., particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and ozone) in certain regions would influence patients’ behavioral patterns of medical service utilization. Moreover, researchers can analyze long-term trends in allergic diseases and the health effects caused by environmental factors such as daily climate and pollution data. The advantages of this database are easy access to data, additional levels of geographic detail, time-efficient data-refining and processing, and a de-identification process that minimizes the exposure of identifiable personal information. All datasets included in the Allergic Disease Database can be downloaded by accessing the National Health Insurance Service data sharing webpage (https:/hiss.nhis.or.kr).

13.
Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases ; : 171-175, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904150

ABSTRACT

Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a type of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia with an acute or subacute clinical course. Bilateral lung consolidations located in the subpleural area and bronchovascular bundle are the most common findings on chest high-resolution computed tomography. The pathologic manifestations include granulation tissue in the alveoli, alveolar ducts, and bronchioles. COP responds fairly well to glucocorticoid monotherapy with rapid clinical improvement, but recurrence is common. However, treatment with combined immunosuppressant agents is not recommended, even if the COP patient does not respond to glucocorticoid monotherapy with expert opinion.

14.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 286-295, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900837

ABSTRACT

Drug-induced interstitial lung disease (DILD) is a group of adverse drug reactions that is rare but fatally toxic. Pulmonary toxicity causes inflammation and subsequent interstitial fibrosis. As novel drugs with a variety of purposes are introduced into the medical field, the number of culprit medications that are suspected to cause lung complications is accordingly increasing. In this review, DILD will be discussed from several aspects such as causality by numerous drugs, check points for a timely diagnosis, alongside some contemporary treatment options. The exact mechanism of DILD has not been elucidated, and a useful clinical, radiological, or pathological confirmation process is still lacking. Common drugs which casue DILD include bleomycin, amiodarone, epidermal growth factor receptor-targeted agents, and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Diagnosis is based on a suspicious drug administration history, somewhat inconsistent clinical symptoms and signs, radiological hints, and histopathological assistance, together with the exclusion of other lung-injuring etiologies. Cessation of the suspected drug, meticulous corticosteroid usage, and ancillary supportive management are the mainstay therapeutic strategy for DILD. Most cases of DILD respond to these countermeasures and reductions, but in some cases the fibrotic process worsens, leading to irreversible sequelae on the affected lung.

15.
Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing ; : 89-101, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899575

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Depression during pregnancy is a public health problem because of it's negative effects on the health of mother, infant, and their family. The purpose of this study was to explore women's experiences during pregnancy. @*Methods@#Data were collected from December 2, 2019, to February 10, 2020, through individual in-depth interviews with 8 pregnant women visiting at 2 women's hospital. Collected data were analyzed using Colaizzi's phenomenological analysis. @*Results@#The experiences of pregnant women with depression were clustered into the following six themes form 33 meaning units; 1) Maladaptation to pregnancy; 2) A future full of anxiety; 3) Loneliness without replying on someone; 4) I disappeared due to pregnancy; 5) Loss of mind control; 6) Struggle to overcome. In particular, depressed women during pregnancy experienced abnormal and negative emotions such as feeling of inferiority, self-deprecation, self-reproach, and suicidal thoughts. @*Conclusion@#This study show that pregnant women have significant symptoms of depression, and most of them were never given adequate treatment for their symptoms during pregnancy. To improve access to mental healthcare for depressed women during pregnancy, various aspects of strategies are needed which address individual, organizational, and sociocultural level. In addition, spouses and families must understand and empathize distress of pregnant women, and share the required role in the process of pregnancy and childbirth.

16.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 280-293, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899517

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the risk factors for diabetic foot ulceration (DFU) to develop and evaluate the performance of a DFU prediction model and nomogram among people with diabetes mellitus (DM). @*Methods@#This unmatched case-control study was conducted with 379 adult patients (118 patients with DM and 261 controls) from four general hospitals in South Korea. Data were collected through a structured questionnaire, foot examination, and review of patients’ electronic health records. Multiple logistic regression analysis was performed to build the DFU prediction model and nomogram. Further, their performance was analyzed using the Lemeshow–Hosmer test, concordance statistic (C-statistic), and sensitivity/specificity analyses in training and test samples. @*Results@#The prediction model was based on risk factors including previous foot ulcer or amputation, peripheral vascular disease, peripheral neuropathy, current smoking, and chronic kidney disease. The calibration of the DFU nomogram was appropriate (χ2 = 5.85, p = .321). The C-statistic of the DFU nomogram was .95 (95% confidence interval .93~.97) for both the training and test samples. For clinical usefulness, the sensitivity and specificity obtained were 88.5% and 85.7%, respectively at 110 points in the training sample. The performance of the nomogram was better in male patients or those having DM for more than 10 years. @*Conclusion@#The nomogram of the DFU prediction model shows good performance, and is thereby recommended for monitoring the risk of DFU and preventing the occurrence of DFU in people with DM.

17.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 150-161, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899497

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the incidence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in community-dwelling adults and identified the association between obesity and UTI. @*Methods@#The participants were 4,926 adults aged over 40 years who had no UTIs at the baseline survey of the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study. Obesity was defined according to the cirtieria of Korean Society for the Study of Obesity using body mass index (BMI) data. UTI was defined as those who had self-reported UTI or had either nitrite, or both leukocytes and blood in the urine dipstick test. Hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis to identify the association between the obesity and UTI. @*Results@#The incidence proportion of UTI was 5.1%, and the incidence density per 1,000 person-years was 25.5. After controlling general characteristics, people with BMI ≥30.0 kg/m2 remained 1.66 times (HR = 1.66, 95% CI = 1.06~2.60; p < .05) more likely to have UTI than those with normal weight. This trend was also present in men or people aged ≥ 60 years. Among women aged ≥ 60 years, people with BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 were 1.98 times (HR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.01~3.86; p < .05) more likely to have UTI than those with normal weight. @*Conclusion@#The BMI ≥ 30.0 kg/m2 is a risk factor of UTIs in Korean adult men over 40 years and women aged ≥ 60 years. It is necessary to emphasize the importance of obesity management to men or women aged ≥ 60 years, specifically.

18.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 150-167, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898738

ABSTRACT

The therapeutic effects of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in musculoskeletal diseases (MSDs) have been verified in many human and animal studies. Although some tissues contain MSCs, the number of cells harvested from those tissues and rate of proliferation in vitro are not enough for continuous transplantation. In order to produce and maintain stable MSCs, many attempts are made to induce differentiation from pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into MSCs. In particular, it is also known that the paracrine action of stem cell-secreted factors could promote the regeneration and differentiation of target cells in damaged tissue. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), one of the secreted factors, are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the translation of a gene. It is known that miRNAs help communication between stem cells and their surrounding niches through exosomes to regulate the proliferation and differentiation of stem cells. While studies have so far been underway targeting therapeutic miRNAs of MSDs, studies on specific miRNAs secreted from MSCs are still minimal. Hence, our ultimate goal is to obtain sufficient amounts of exosomes from iPSC-MSCs and develop them into therapeutic agents, furthermore to select specific miRNAs and provide safe cell-free clinical setting as a cell-free status with purpose of delivering them to target cells. This review article focuses on stem cell therapy on MSDs, specific microRNAs regulating MSDs and updates on novel approaches.

19.
Epidemiology and Health ; : e2021010-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898334

ABSTRACT

Researchers have been interested in probing how the environmental factors associated with allergic diseases affect the use of medical services. Considering this demand, we have constructed a database, named the Allergic Disease Database, based on the National Health Insurance Database (NHID). The NHID contains information on demographic and medical service utilization for approximately 99% of the Korean population. This study targeted 3 major allergic diseases, including allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis, and asthma. For the target diseases, our database provides daily medical service information, including the number of daily visits from 2013 and 2017, categorized by patients’ characteristics such as address, sex, age, and duration of residence. We provide additional information, including yearly population, a number of patients, and averaged geocoding coordinates by eup, myeon, and dong district code (the smallest-scale administrative units in Korea). This information enables researchers to analyze how daily changes in the environmental factors of allergic diseases (e.g., particulate matter, sulfur dioxide, and ozone) in certain regions would influence patients’ behavioral patterns of medical service utilization. Moreover, researchers can analyze long-term trends in allergic diseases and the health effects caused by environmental factors such as daily climate and pollution data. The advantages of this database are easy access to data, additional levels of geographic detail, time-efficient data-refining and processing, and a de-identification process that minimizes the exposure of identifiable personal information. All datasets included in the Allergic Disease Database can be downloaded by accessing the National Health Insurance Service data sharing webpage (https:/hiss.nhis.or.kr).

20.
Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing ; : 196-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002328

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to identify the factors influencing health-promoting behaviors (HPB) among fish market merchants. @*Methods@#A cross-sectional descriptive design including 117 merchants working at a fish market in city C. Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires during April 19-30, 2021, and were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé’s test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 23.0. @*Results@#The scores were 2.68±0.49 for HPB among fish market merchants. Factors significantly influencing HPB among fish market merchants were perceived disabilities (β= -.42, p<.001), self-efficacy (β=.26, p<.001), perceived benefits (β=.16, p=.012), exercise (β=.14, p=.023) and daily working hours (β=-.13, p=.030). These factors accounted for 60.3% of the HPB of fish market merchants. @*Conclusion@#These findings suggest that efforts are needed to reduce perceived disabilities, reduce working hours per day, and develop programs to enhance self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and exercise in order promote HPB among fish market merchants.

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