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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e304-2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915483

ABSTRACT

Background@#Advanced cancers are associated with more severe symptoms and greater impairment. Although most patients with metastatic cancer would benefit from rehabilitation, few patients receive appropriate rehabilitation therapy. We explored the use of rehabilitation therapy by cancer patients. Our data represented the entire population of Korea. The analyses were performed according to cancer type and stage. @*Methods@#We extracted rehabilitation utilization data of patients newly diagnosed with cancer in the period of 2011–2015 from the Korea Central Cancer Registry, which is linked to the claims database of the National Health Insurance Service (n = 958,928). @*Results@#The utilisation rate increased during the study period, from 6.0% (11,504) of 192,835 newly diagnosed patients in 2011 to 6.8% (12,455) of 183,084 newly diagnosed patients in 2015. Patients with central nervous system (28.4%) and bone (27.8%) cancer were most likely to undergo physical rehabilitation. The rehabilitation rate was higher in patients with metastatic than localised or regional cancer (8.7% vs. 5.3% vs. 5.5%). @*Conclusion@#This claims-based study revealed that rehabilitation therapy for cancer patients is underutilised in Korea. Although patients with metastasis underwent more intensive rehabilitation than patients with early stage cancer, those without brain and bone tumours (the treatment of which is covered by insurance) were less likely to use rehabilitation services. Further efforts to improve the use of rehabilitation would improve the outcomes of cancer patients.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e242-2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831604

ABSTRACT

Background@#As the survival rate of cancer patients increases, the clinical importance of rehabilitation provided by healthcare professionals also increases. However, the evidence supporting the relevance of rehabilitation programs is insufficient. This study aimed to review the literature on effectiveness in physical function, quality of life (QOL) or fatigue of supervised physical rehabilitation in patients with advanced cancer. @*Methods@#A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted following the Cochrane guidelines. We narratively described the results when meta-analysis was not applicable or appropriate. Literature databases including Ovid-MEDLINE, Ovid-EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, as well as several Korean domestic databases, were searched up to June 2017 for studies that investigated the effectiveness of supervised physical rehabilitation programs on physical function, QOL or fatigue in patients with advanced cancer. The quality of the selected studies was evaluated independently by paired reviewers. @*Results@#Eleven studies with 922 participants were finally selected among 2,459 articles. The meta-analysis revealed that after physical exercise, the physical activity level and strength of patients with advanced cancer increased significantly. The QOL showed a statistically significant improvement after physical rehabilitation according to the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer version C30. Though some of measurements about cardiovascular endurance or strength in several studies were not able to be synthesized, each study reported that they were significantly improved after receiving rehabilitation. @*Conclusion@#Supervised physical rehabilitation for patients with advanced cancer is effective in improving physical activity, strength, and QOL. However, more trials are needed to prove the effectiveness of supervised exercise and to strengthen the evidence.

3.
Biomedical Engineering Letters ; (4): 211-219, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785506

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to examine the feasibility of the Smart dynamometer as a rehabilitation exercise device in a daily care by comparing with the existing medical devices. We used and analyzed clinical and measurement data of breast cancer survivors who have used Smart dynamometer during their rehabilitation after breast cancer surgery. The Smart dynamometer was compared with the two existing devices of Takei dynamometer and surface electromyography (sEMG) that were used in routine care, respectively. Three key components of the rehabilitation exercise devices were analyzed to validate the feasibility of the Smart dynamometer: grip strength, reaction time, and grip endurance time. Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to compare the statistical significance between the devices. The data of 12 and 15 female breast cancer patients were analyzed for comparing the Smart dynamometer with Takei dynamometer and sEMG, respectively. There was a very weak correlation between the maximum values from the Takei and the Smart dynamometers in the affected and non-affected arms of breast cancer patients (r = 0.5321, 0.4733). Comparisons of 3 features between the Smart dynamometer and sEMG showed that there were strong positive correlations for both reaction time and endurance time in the affected and non-affected arms (r > 0.9). The feasibility of the Smart dynamometer for the possible use in a daily rehabilitation exercise was partially verified. Moreover, since the Smart dynamometer was highly correlated with time-related variables, it was important and significant to measure both grip strength and time-related information.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Electromyography , Feasibility Studies , Hand Strength , Reaction Time , Rehabilitation , Self Care , Survivors
4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e98-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764927

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study was conducted from an occupational health perspective to document cancer survivors' ability to return to work, the role of clinical care, and the current status of effective return-to-work. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted to evaluate the experiences and opinions of occupational health physicians (OHPs) regarding cancer survivors' return-to-work. A self-reported survey was conducted from December 30, 2015, to January 30, 2016, targeting 337 OHPs. Questions included: 1) treatment experiences of survivors in the words of OHPs, 2) current status of the assessments of fitness for work of cancer survivors, 3) experiences associated with workplace and treatment, and 4) problems of returning to work and overcoming system. RESULTS: Only 25% of the respondents said that they had experience treating cancer survivors, and the average number of patients was 12.6 per annum, which indicated that few cancer survivors were treated. Eleven cases included conducting assessment of fitness for work. There were 17 respondents who did not treat cancer survivors. Both those who had and did not have experience in treating survivors showed higher musculoskeletal system disorders (53.8 vs. 63.5) than cancer (15.5 vs. 11.2) in terms of frequency of the diseases in the assessment of fitness for work. Most respondents said that OHPs evaluate the current role appropriately and preferred OHPs in the future. They responded that OHPs found it difficult to treat cancer survivors, and it was psychologically tough to communicate with them (61.4%). Regarding the association of patient rehabilitation with workplaces, 48.9% said that workplaces provide inadequate support. CONCLUSION: As a preliminary study, we found that OHPs were found to have little experience in treating cancer survivors and undergo difficulties owing to poor collaboration with workplaces and communication with patients. This study will provide basic data for future studies to promote cancer survivors' return to workplaces.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cooperative Behavior , Cross-Sectional Studies , Korea , Musculoskeletal System , Occupational Health Physicians , Occupational Health , Rehabilitation , Return to Work , Surveys and Questionnaires , Survivors , Workplace
5.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 667-676, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52018

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the disability level of colorectal cancer survivors with and without stoma by using the Korean version of the 12-item, interview-administered World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (Korean version of WHODAS 2.0). METHODS: This is a multicenter (five tertiary university hospitals and the Korea Ostomy Association) and cross-sectional survey. Colorectal cancer survivors with and without stoma were interviewed. Survey measured disability level using the Korean version of WHODAS 2.0 and health-related quality of life using the SF-36. RESULTS: A significant difference was observed between patients with and without a stoma in two subdomains: getting around (31.1 vs. 20.3; p=0.013) and participation in society (32.3 vs. 22.2; p=0.028). After adjusting for age, gender, and time since surgery, having a stoma was associated with severe to extreme disabilities in participation (OR=2.72, p=0.045). The Korean version of WHODAS 2.0 showed satisfactory internal consistency (r=0.96) and convergent validity. CONCLUSION: Patients with stoma participated less in society than those without stoma. The Korean version of WHODAS 2.0 is a reliable and valid instrument for measuring disability in Korean colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Appointments and Schedules , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University , Korea , Ostomy , Quality of Life , Surgical Stomas , Survivors , World Health Organization
6.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 301-309, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225576

ABSTRACT

Falls and fall-related injuries are important issue among polio survivors. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of, and consequences and factors associated with falls among Korean polio survivors. A total of 317 polio survivors participated in this study. All participants completed a questionnaire including fall history, symptoms related to post-polio syndrome and other information through a telephone interview. Among them, 80 participants visited our clinic for additional physical measurements and tests. Of the 317 respondents, 68.5% reported at least one fall in the past year. Of the fallers, 42.5% experienced at least one fall during one month. Most falls occurred during ambulation (76.6%), outside (75.2%) and by slipping down (29.7%). Of fallers, 45% reported any injuries caused by falls, and 23.3% reported fractures specifically. Female sex, old age, low bone mineral density, the presence of symptoms related to post-polio syndrome (PPS), poor balance confidence, short physical performance battery and weak muscle strength of knee extensor were not significantly associated with falls. Only leg-length discrepancy using spine-malleolar distance (SMD) was a significant factor associated with falls among Korean polio survivors. Our findings suggest that malalignment between the paralytic and non-paralytic limb length should be addressed in polio survivors for preventing falls.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Accidental Falls/statistics & numerical data , Asian People , Fractures, Bone/etiology , Incidence , Interviews as Topic , Logistic Models , Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome/pathology , Postural Balance , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors , Surveys and Questionnaires , Telephone
7.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 336-344, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95373

ABSTRACT

Persons with disabilities use more health care services due to ill health and face higher health care expenses and burden. This study explored the incidence of catastrophic health expenditures of households with persons with disabilities compared to that of those without such persons. We used the Korean Health Panel (KHP) dataset for the years 2010 and 2011. The final sample was 5,610 households; 800 (14.3%) of these were households with a person with a disability and 4,810 (85.7%) were households without such a person. Households with a person with a disability faced higher catastrophic health expenditures, spending about 1.2 to 1.4 times more of their annual living expenditures for out-of-pocket medical expenses, compared to households without persons with disabilities. Households having low economic status and members with chronic disease were more likely to face catastrophic health expenditures, while those receiving public assistance were less likely. Exemption or reduction of out-of-pocket payments in the National Health Insurance and additional financial support are needed so that the people with disabilities can use medical services without suffering financial crisis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Databases, Factual , Delivery of Health Care/economics , Disabled Persons , Health Expenditures/statistics & numerical data , National Health Programs , Odds Ratio , Republic of Korea
8.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 326-333, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185212

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence and associated factors involved in cellulitis with lymphangitis among a group of Korean patients who were being treated for lymphedema. We present our epidemiologic research and we also report a systematic review of these types of cases. METHODS: This was a retrospective medical record study among 1,246 patients diagnosed with lymphedema. The study was carried out between January 2006 and December 2012 at the Kosin University Gospel Hospital and Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. Cases were examined for onset time, affected site, seasonal trend, and recurrence pattern of lymphedema, lymphangitis, and cellulitis. We also evaluated the history of blood-cell culture and antibiotic use. RESULTS: Ninety-nine lymphedema patients experienced complications such as cellulitis with accompanying lymphangitis. Forty-nine patients had more than two recurrences of cellulitis with lymphangitis. The incidence and recurrence of cellulitis with lymphangitis were significantly higher in the patients with lower-extremity lymphedema. There was a significant trend toward higher cellulitis prevalence in the lower-extremity lymphedema group according to the time of lymphedema onset. Among the cellulitis with lymphangitis cases, 62 cases were diagnosed through blood-cell culture; 8 of these 62 cultures were positive for β-hemolytic streptococci. CONCLUSION: The prevalence rate of cellulitis with lymphangitis in patients with lymphedema was 7.95%, and the prevalence of recurrent episodes was 3.93%. Especially, there was high risk of cellulitis with lymphangitis after occurrence of lower-extremity lymphedema with passage of time. Lymphedema patients should be fully briefed about the associated risks of cellulitis before treatment, and physicians should be prepared to provide appropriate preventive education.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cellulitis , Education , Incidence , Lymphangitis , Lymphedema , Medical Records , Prevalence , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Seasons , Seoul
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 370-378, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-118312

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess clinical practice and barriers associated with cancer rehabilitation from the perspective of Korean physiatrists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All active members of the Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine were invited to complete an online survey developed after focus group discussions. RESULTS: A total of 97 physiatrists (72 males and 25 females) in Korea completed the survey. Of these, 77% reported familiarity with the term 'cancer survivors.' More than 50% of respondents reported that they provided rehabilitation services for patients with breast cancer (61.9%), brain tumors (64.9%), and spinal tumors (63.9%), whereas 86.6% of respondents reported that they had never or rarely provided rehabilitation programs for patients with gynecological, colorectal, or prostate cancer. Physiatrists who received referrals from a well-organized cooperative referral system reported providing services such as exercise programs for patients with gynecological cancer (odds ratio [OR], 2.16; p=0.044) as well as education regarding lymphedema (OR, 1.81; p=0.047) and neuropathic pain (OR, 1.96; p=0.026). CONCLUSION: Although most of the physiatrists surveyed believed that they should contribute to the management of cancer patients, they considered themselves ill equipped to provide appropriate rehabilitation services. This lack of understanding of the effectiveness of rehabilitation services for cancer patients and absence of a cooperative referral system are the major barriers to providing rehabilitation services to cancer survivors in Korea.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Brain Neoplasms , Breast Neoplasms , Data Collection , Education , Focus Groups , Korea , Lymphedema , Neuralgia , Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine , Professional Practice , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recognition, Psychology , Referral and Consultation , Rehabilitation , Survivors
10.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 637-647, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-198071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To obtain information on the socioeconomic, medical, and functional status of polio survivors, and to use these results as the preliminary data for establishing the middle-aged cohort of polio survivors. METHODS: The subjects were recruited based on the medical records of multiple hospitals and centers. They were assessed through a structured questionnaire over the phone. Post-poliomyelitis syndrome (PPS) was identified according to the specified diagnostic criteria. Differences between polio survivors with or without PPS were evaluated, and the risk factors for PPS were analyzed by the odds ratio (OR). RESULTS: Majority of polio survivors were middle-aged and mean age was 51.2+/-8.3 years. A total of 188 out of 313 polio survivors met the adopted criteria for PPS based on the symptoms, yielding a prevalence of 61.6%. Mean interval between acute poliomyelitis and the development of PPS was 38.5+/-11.6 years. Female gender (OR 1.82; confidence interval [CI] 1.09-3.06), the age at onset of poliomyelitis (OR 1.75; CI 1.05-2.94), the use of orthoses or walking aids (OR 2.46; CI 1.44-4.20), and the history of medical treatment for paralysis, pain or gait disturbance (OR 2.62; CI 1.52-4.51) represented independent risk factors for PPS. CONCLUSION: We found that the majority of Korean polio survivors entered middle age with many medical, functional, and social problems. Female gender, early age of onset of poliomyelitis, the use of orthoses or walking aids, and the history of medical treatment for paralysis, pain or gait disturbance were identified as the significant risk factors for PPS. A comprehensive and multidisciplinary plan should be prepared to manage polio survivors considering their need for health care services and the risk factors for late effects, such as PPS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Age of Onset , Cohort Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Delivery of Health Care , Gait , Interviews as Topic , Medical Records , Odds Ratio , Orthotic Devices , Paralysis , Poliomyelitis , Postpoliomyelitis Syndrome , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Social Problems , Survivors , Walking , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1529-1533, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212593

ABSTRACT

Crossed aphasia (CA) refers to language impairment secondary to right hemisphere lesion. Imaging analysis on the lesion location of CA has not yet been reported in the literature. This study was proposed to analyze the most prevalent lesion site related to CA. Brain MRI of 7 stroke patients satisfying the criteria for CA were used to define Region of interest (ROIs) before overlaying the images to visualize the most overlapped area. Talairach coordinates for the most overlapped areas were converted to corresponding anatomical regions. Anatomical lesions where more than 3 patients' images were overlapped were considered significant. The overlayed ROIs of 7 patients revealed the lentiform nucleus as the most frequently involved area, overlapping in 6 patients. Our study first demonstrates the areas involved in CA by lesion mapping using brain MRI, and lentiform nucleus is the responsible neural substrate for crossed aphasia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aphasia/complications , Brain/anatomy & histology , Brain Mapping , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurons/physiology , Retrospective Studies , Stroke/complications
12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1534-1539, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-212592

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of dysphagia and evaluated the association of dysphagia and activities of daily living in a geriatric population residing in an independent-living facility in Korea. Korean men and women 65-yr and older living in a single, typical South Korean city (n=415) were enrolled in the Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging study. Dysphagia was assessed using the Standardized Swallowing Assessment. Data were collected on activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental ADL (IADL), and medical history and laboratory. The overall prevalence of dysphagia in the random sample was 33.7% (95% CI, 29.1-38.4), including 39.5% in men and 28.4% in women. The identified risk factors for dysphagia were men (OR, 3.6, P=0.023), history of stroke (OR, 2.7, P=0.042) and presence of major depressive disorder (OR, 3.0, P=0.022). Dysphagia was associated with impairment in IADL domains of preparing meals and taking medicine (P=0.013 and P=0.007, respectively). This is the first published report of the prevalence of dysphagia in older community-dwelling Koreans. Dysphagia is a common problem among elderly people that limits some IADL domains.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Activities of Daily Living , Aging , Asian People , Cohort Studies , Deglutition Disorders/complications , Longitudinal Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Republic of Korea , Residence Characteristics , Risk Factors , Stroke/complications
13.
Obstetrics & Gynecology Science ; : 256-260, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to examine the association of postoperative physical activity with length of stay in patients who received total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecologic disease. METHODS: The case group was composed of 70 patients who entered a critical pathway for elective total laparoscopic hysterectomy from 2009 to 2012 and were discharged behind schedule. The control group was selected from patients who were discharged on schedule, and matched to cases using 1:3 ratio propensity score matching. We compared the number of nursing-documented ambulation of the case group with that of control group. RESULTS: Year of surgery, age, body mass index, endometriosis, systemic disease, previous abdominal surgery and current medication were well balanced between case and control groups. The number of patients with nursing-documented ambulation in case group (19%) was not different from that in control group (11%). CONCLUSION: Postoperative physical activity measured by nursing-documented ambulation was not associated with length of stay in patients who underwent an elective total laparoscopic hysterectomy for benign gynecologic diseases.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Appointments and Schedules , Body Mass Index , Critical Pathways , Endometriosis , Genital Diseases, Female , Hysterectomy , Length of Stay , Motor Activity , Nursing Records , Postoperative Care , Propensity Score , Walking
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 43-50, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144929

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop a patient self-completed questionnaire from the items of the Brief Core Set Questionnaire for Breast Cancer (BCSQ-BC) and to investigate the prevalence of specific dysfunctions throughout the course of cancer and treatments. METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2011, 96 breast cancer patients were evaluated with BCSQ-BC developed for clinical application of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Quality of life and upper limb dysfunction using disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) were assessed. Content validity was evaluated using correlations between BCSQ-BC and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ and DASH scores. Construct validity was computed using exploratory factor analysis. Kappa statistics were computed for agreement between test-retest ICF data. The level of significance and odds ratios were reported for individuals with early post-acute and long-term context and with total mastectomy and breast conservative surgery. RESULTS: There was consistently good test-retest agreement in patient-completed questionnaires (kappa value, 0.76). Body function, activity and participation subscales are significantly related with EORTC QLQ and DASH. Problems with activity and participation were strongly associated with physical functional domains of EORTC QLQ (r=-0.708, p<0.001) and DASH (r=0.761, p<0.001). The prevalence of dysfunctions varied with type of surgery and time after cancer. Immobility of joint (15% vs. 7%) and lymphatic dysfunction (17% vs. 3%) were indexed more frequently in extensive surgery cases than in conservative surgery. Muscle power (16% vs. 8%), exercise tolerance functions (12% vs. 4%) and looking after one's health (10% vs. 2%) were impaired within 1 year after surgery, while sleep dysfunction (8% vs. 14%) was a major problem over 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: The BCSQ-BC identifies the problems comprehensively in functioning of patients with breast cancer. We revealed the interaction with the ICF framework adopting a multifactor understanding of function and disability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Exercise Tolerance , Hand , Joints , Mastectomy, Simple , Muscles , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Shoulder , Survivors , Upper Extremity , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 43-50, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144916

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To develop a patient self-completed questionnaire from the items of the Brief Core Set Questionnaire for Breast Cancer (BCSQ-BC) and to investigate the prevalence of specific dysfunctions throughout the course of cancer and treatments. METHODS: From January 2010 to February 2011, 96 breast cancer patients were evaluated with BCSQ-BC developed for clinical application of International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Quality of life and upper limb dysfunction using disabilities of arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) were assessed. Content validity was evaluated using correlations between BCSQ-BC and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ and DASH scores. Construct validity was computed using exploratory factor analysis. Kappa statistics were computed for agreement between test-retest ICF data. The level of significance and odds ratios were reported for individuals with early post-acute and long-term context and with total mastectomy and breast conservative surgery. RESULTS: There was consistently good test-retest agreement in patient-completed questionnaires (kappa value, 0.76). Body function, activity and participation subscales are significantly related with EORTC QLQ and DASH. Problems with activity and participation were strongly associated with physical functional domains of EORTC QLQ (r=-0.708, p<0.001) and DASH (r=0.761, p<0.001). The prevalence of dysfunctions varied with type of surgery and time after cancer. Immobility of joint (15% vs. 7%) and lymphatic dysfunction (17% vs. 3%) were indexed more frequently in extensive surgery cases than in conservative surgery. Muscle power (16% vs. 8%), exercise tolerance functions (12% vs. 4%) and looking after one's health (10% vs. 2%) were impaired within 1 year after surgery, while sleep dysfunction (8% vs. 14%) was a major problem over 1 year after surgery. CONCLUSION: The BCSQ-BC identifies the problems comprehensively in functioning of patients with breast cancer. We revealed the interaction with the ICF framework adopting a multifactor understanding of function and disability.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arm , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Exercise Tolerance , Hand , Joints , Mastectomy, Simple , Muscles , Odds Ratio , Prevalence , Quality of Life , Shoulder , Survivors , Upper Extremity , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : S70-S76, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169526

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Breast reconstruction in patients who have undergone a mastectomy is performed less frequently in Korea than in Western countries. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychosocial problems related to a mastectomy and awareness of reconstruction after a mastectomy in breast cancer survivors. METHODS: From March to April 2010, 252 patients who underwent a mastectomy were recruited for this survey. The questionnaire included sociodemographic characteristics of patients, psychosocial problems related to mastectomy, and reasons not to receive breast reconstruction. RESULTS: Patients had difficulty going to a public bath (70.3%) or going to a swimming pool or the beach (74.6%). More than half of patients answered that their physical activity had decreased due to persistent shoulder or arm pain after the mastectomy. The most common psychological problem that patients experienced was distress over the loss of charm as a woman (66.8%), followed by considering themselves disabled (62.0%), and worries about recurrence (59.4%). The most common reason not to receive a breast reconstruction was the high cost of the operation (59.4%), followed by anxiety about complications (46.7%). Only 16.2% of patients reported that they did not receive enough information about reconstruction from their doctor. Of 229 patients, 43.7% would consider undergoing breast reconstruction in the future. CONCLUSION: Breast cancer survivors who underwent a mastectomy suffered from various psychosocial problems, and high cost was a major reason for not undergoing breast reconstruction. Broader health insurance coverage should be provided for breast reconstruction in breast cancer survivors.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms
17.
Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society ; : 212-220, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55274

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To investigate the physical function of elderly people in Korea using quantitative and objective tools and to assess the impact of declined physical function on their quality of life. METHODS: The Korean Longitudinal Study on Health and Aging was designed as a population-based prospective cohort study on the health and aging of the elderly people in Korea aged 65 years and older. Within one city's central metropolitan area, 1,000 subjects including a simple random sample and an oldest-old subpopulation participated in a baseline study for one year. We evaluated the isokinetic peak torque of the knee extensors and flexors, grip force, and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and surveyed their daily physical activities and quality of life using the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). RESULTS: Overall, 676 subjects completed the evaluations of physical function and activity. The isokinetic torque of the knee extensors and flexors declined with age in both men and women. The women in the old-old (75-84 years) group showed lower SPPB and physical activity than women in the young-old (65-74 years) group, but these measures were maintained till age 85 in the men. SPPB and physical activity were significantly associated with the physical component scale (PCS) of the SF-36 in both men and women, while isokinetic torque was associated with PCS in women only. CONCLUSION: Physical performance and activity declined differently in Korean elderly men and women. Both these measures showed to be the main factors associated with quality of life.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Aging , Cohort Studies , Hand Strength , Health Surveys , Knee , Korea , Longitudinal Studies , Motor Activity , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Torque
18.
Journal of Genetic Medicine ; : 67-77, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-60962

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to evaluate psychological impact and quality of life according to the cancer diagnosis and mutation status in Korean families with BRCA mutations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen affected carriers (AC), 16 unaffected carriers (UC) and 13 healthy non carriers (NC) from 13 BRCA mutation families were included in the study. Outcomes were compared with regard to depression (Beck Depression Inventory), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, STAI), optimism (Reevaluation of the Life Orientation test, LOT-R), knowledge of hereditary ovarian cancer, and quality of life (QoL) (SF-36v2 Health Survey, physical component score [PCS], mental component score [MCS]) among three groups. RESULT: Level of depression, optimism, and PCS were similar in AC, UC, and NC. Anxiety score was elevated in all three groups. MCS was significantly low in AC than in UC and NC (P =0.009, P =0.017). Knowledge of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer was high in AC than NC (P =0.001). MCS was significantly related to whether patient was affected by cancer (P =0.043) and has occupation (P = 0.008) or not in multivariable analysis. CONCLUSION: From this cross sectional study, psychological adverse effect was not related to the carrier status of BRCA mutation. Elevated anxiety in BRCA family members was observed but, independent to affection and the type of genetic mutation. AC showed low mental QoL. Further effort to understand psychological impact and QoL of genetic testing in BRCA family members is required for follow-up in clinical aspects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Breast , Depression , Genetic Counseling , Genetic Testing , Health Surveys , Occupations , Orientation , Ovarian Neoplasms , Quality of Life
19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 96-103, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136990

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study is to review the initial 5-years of breast cancer management in a single hospital using the clinical data warehouse (CDW). METHODS: We reviewed the electronic medical records of 754 patients with breast cancer who were treated by a single surgeon between June 2003 and December 2007 in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. We analyzed the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic profiles of the breast cancer patients which were encoded and stored at the CDW. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 49.3 years and the peak incidence was in the fifth decade (36.6%). Symptomatic breast cancer was 74.6% and screening-detected breast cancer was 25.4%. Breast conserving surgery (BCS) was performed in 54.1% of all cases and the BCS rate increased annually. Immediate reconstruction after mastectomy was performed in 62 cases (17.7%). Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for nodal staging was performed in 501 cases (72.1%) and 160 cases (23.0%) underwent complete axillary lymph node dissection. The proportion of in situ and early stage invasive breast cancer was 85.0%. Six hundred and ninety three patients (92.5%) received more than one adjuvant therapy. Thirty one patients experienced local or systemic relapse after surgery and ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) occurred in 6 cases. The median follow-up period was 29.5 months. Two-year and 3-year disease-free survival rates were 95.9% and 94.4%. CONCLUSION: BCS and SLN biopsy continuously increased and immediate reconstruction after mastectomy was performed widely. Most patients received more than one adjuvant therapy. Moreover, we saved the time and human power to review the medical record by using the CDW.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Electronic Health Records , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Nitriles , Pyrethrins , Recurrence
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 96-103, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-136984

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study is to review the initial 5-years of breast cancer management in a single hospital using the clinical data warehouse (CDW). METHODS: We reviewed the electronic medical records of 754 patients with breast cancer who were treated by a single surgeon between June 2003 and December 2007 in Seoul National University Bundang Hospital. We analyzed the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic profiles of the breast cancer patients which were encoded and stored at the CDW. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 49.3 years and the peak incidence was in the fifth decade (36.6%). Symptomatic breast cancer was 74.6% and screening-detected breast cancer was 25.4%. Breast conserving surgery (BCS) was performed in 54.1% of all cases and the BCS rate increased annually. Immediate reconstruction after mastectomy was performed in 62 cases (17.7%). Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy for nodal staging was performed in 501 cases (72.1%) and 160 cases (23.0%) underwent complete axillary lymph node dissection. The proportion of in situ and early stage invasive breast cancer was 85.0%. Six hundred and ninety three patients (92.5%) received more than one adjuvant therapy. Thirty one patients experienced local or systemic relapse after surgery and ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence (IBTR) occurred in 6 cases. The median follow-up period was 29.5 months. Two-year and 3-year disease-free survival rates were 95.9% and 94.4%. CONCLUSION: BCS and SLN biopsy continuously increased and immediate reconstruction after mastectomy was performed widely. Most patients received more than one adjuvant therapy. Moreover, we saved the time and human power to review the medical record by using the CDW.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Electronic Health Records , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Medical Records Systems, Computerized , Nitriles , Pyrethrins , Recurrence
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