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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 942-948, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000395

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Most guidelines recommend surgical resection of all main duct (MD) and mixed-type (MT) intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) in suitable patients. However, there is little evidence regarding the malignancy risk of enhancing mural nodules (EMNs) that are present only in the main pancreatic duct (MPD) in patients with MD- and MT-IPMNs.Therefore, this study aimed to identify the clinical and morphological features associated with malignancy in MD- and MT-IPMNs with EMNs only in the MPD. @*Methods@#We retrospectively enrolled 50 patients with MD- and MT-IPMNs with EMNs only in the MPD on contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging. We evaluated the clinical characteristics and preoperative radiologic imaging results of MPD morphology and EMN size and analyzed the risk factors associated with malignancy. @*Results@#Histological findings of EMNs were low-grade dysplasia (38%), malignant lesions (62%), high-grade dysplasia (34%), and invasive carcinoma (28%). On the receiver operating characteristic curve, the cutoff value of EMN size on magnetic resonance imaging for best predicting malignancy was 5 mm (sensitivity, 93.5%; specificity, 52.6%; area under the curve, 0.753).Multivariate analysis showed that only EMN >5 mm (odds ratio, 27.69; confidence interval, 2.75 to 278.73; p=0.050) was an independent risk factor for malignancy. @*Conclusions@#EMNs of >5 mm are associated with malignancy in patients with MD- and MTIPMNs with EMNs that are present only in the MPD, in accordance with the international consensus guidelines.

2.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 744-753, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000061

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence and natural progression of subepithelial lesions (SELs) in the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract. @*Methods@#The medical records of patients with UGI SELs who underwent endoscopic screening at eight university hospitals between January and December 2010 were retrospectively investigated. The follow-up evaluations were performed until December 2016. @*Results@#UGI SELs were found in 1,044 of the 65,233 participants screened (endoscopic prevalence, 1.60%; the total number of lesions, 1,062; mean age, 55.1±11.2 years; men, 53.6%). The median follow-up period was 48 (range, 8–74) months. SELs were most frequently found in the stomach (63.8%) and had a mean size of 9.9±6.1 mm. Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) was performed in 293 patients (28.1%). The most common lesions were leiomyomas, followed by gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), and ectopic pancreas. The proportions of SELs with malignant potential according to size were 3% (<1 cm), 22% (1–2 cm), 27% (2–3 cm), and 38% (≥3 cm). In gastric SELs larger than 1 cm, resections were performed in 20 patients because of an increase in size, of which 12 were found to be GISTs. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of UGI SELs was 1.60%. Further, 23% of gastric SELs ≥1 cm were precancerous lesions, most followed by EUS and clinical decisions without initial pathological confirmation.

3.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 73-93, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903564

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues.This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice

4.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 125-147, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902372

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

5.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 161-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897748

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in 8 categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

6.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 73-93, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895860

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues.This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice

7.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 125-147, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894668

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

8.
Gut and Liver ; : 354-374, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890747

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a task force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

9.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 161-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890044

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a Task Force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in 8 categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

10.
Gut and Liver ; : 354-374, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898451

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor requires a strict recommendation for its proper use in clinical practice because of its technical difficulty and invasiveness. The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) appointed a task force to draft clinical practice guidelines for EUS-guided tissue acquisition of pancreatic solid tumor. The strength of recommendation and the level of evidence for each statement were graded according to the Minds Handbook for Clinical Practice Guideline Development 2014. The committee, comprising a development panel of 16 endosonographers and an expert on guideline development methodology, developed 12 evidence-based recommendations in eight categories intended to help physicians make evidence-based clinical judgments with regard to the diagnosis of pancreatic solid tumor. This clinical practice guideline discusses EUS-guided sampling in pancreatic solid tumor and makes recommendations on circumstances that warrant its use, technical issues related to maximizing the diagnostic yield (e.g., needle type, needle diameter, adequate number of needle passes, sample obtaining techniques, and methods of specimen processing), adverse events of EUS-guided tissue acquisition, and learning-related issues. This guideline was reviewed by external experts and suggests best practices recommended based on the evidence available at the time of preparation. This guideline may not be applicable for all clinical situations and should be interpreted in light of specific situations and the availability of resources. It will be revised as necessary to cover progress and changes in technology and evidence from clinical practice.

11.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 47-50, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760169

ABSTRACT

A primary mission of the Korean pancreatobiliary association (KPBA) is to promote high quality patient care and safety in the field of pancreatobiliary diseases. Among these, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is one of the most important procedure among various endoscopic procedures. The purpose of this document is to provide a current Korean medical detailed and departmental specialty system that should be considered before preparing of privileging and credentialing for ERCP subspecialty and making suitable framework for determining the competency of practicing endoscopists and for the granting of privileges to perform ERCP. As such, this document provides current situation of Korean medical specialty and subspecialty system to assist KPBA in making credentialing organizations especially for ERCP subspecialty.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Credentialing , Financing, Organized , Patient Care
12.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 298-300, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761562

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Mucins
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 298-300, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787210

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Mucins
14.
The Korean Journal of Helicobacter and Upper Gastrointestinal Research ; : 61-64, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738950

ABSTRACT

A 20-year-old Cambodian male living in Korea for 2 years as a foreign worker visited our gastroenterology outpatient clinic. He had a small farm in Cambodia. He complained of postprandial upper abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting for 2 years. Gastroduodenoscopy showed hyperemic mucosa near the major papilla in the duodenum and two small and slender reddish worms. These were removed with endoscopic biopsy forceps. Under microscopy, these were identified as Ancylostoma duodenale by the characteristic morphology of 2 pairs of cutting teeth in the buccal cavity and 3 lobes in the copulatory bursa. After removal of two worms, his symptom improved. Soil-transmitted helminths (STH) present a global health problem. In the Republic of Korea, STH, including hookworms, were highly prevalent until the 1970s. With mass fecal examination followed by selective mass chemotherapy with anthelmintics from 1969 to 1995, the prevalence of STH has rapidly decreased since the 1980s. Since 2004, no hookworms have been found in nationwide surveys on the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infection. Therefore, we report a case of in vivo endoscopic removal of A. duodenale in a patient with abdominal pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Abdominal Pain , Agriculture , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Ancylostoma , Ancylostomatoidea , Anthelmintics , Asian People , Biopsy , Cambodia , Drug Therapy , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Gastroenterology , Global Health , Helminths , Korea , Microscopy , Mucous Membrane , Nausea , Parasitic Diseases , Prevalence , Republic of Korea , Surgical Instruments , Tooth , Vomiting
15.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 297-300, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165380

ABSTRACT

A perirectal abscess is a relatively common disease entity that occurs as a postsurgical complication or as a result of various medical conditions. Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided drainage was recently described as a promising alternative treatment. Previous reports have recommended placement of a drainage catheter through the anus for irrigation, which is inconvenient to the patient and carries a risk of accidental dislodgement. We report four cases of perirectal abscess that were successfully treated with only one or two 7 F double pigtail plastic stent placements and without a drainage catheter for irrigation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Anal Canal , Catheters , Drainage , Endosonography , Plastics , Stents , Ultrasonography
16.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 345-356, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-184058

ABSTRACT

The Korean Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (KSGE) developed a gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy board in 1995 and related regulations. Although the KSGE has acquired many specialists since then, the education and training aims and guidelines were insufficient. During GI fellowship training, obtaining sufficient exposure to some types of endoscopic procedures is difficult. Fellows should acquire endoscopic skills through supervised endoscopic procedures during GI fellowship training. Thus, the KSGE requires training guidelines for fellowships that allow fellows to perform independent endoscopic procedures without supervision. This document is intended to provide principles that the Committee of Education and Training of the KSGE can use to develop practical guidelines for granting privileges to perform accurate GI endoscopy safely. The KSGE will improve the quality of GI endoscopy by providing guidelines for fellowships and supervisors.


Subject(s)
Education , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , Fellowships and Scholarships , Financing, Organized , Organization and Administration , Social Control, Formal , Specialization
17.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143204

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
18.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 1-13, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143197

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an essential endoscopic technique in diagnosis and treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. Although its diagnostic role is decreasing because of less invasive modalities such as magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography or endoscopic ultrasound, it is still very important in treatment of pancreatobiliary diseases. However, there is a trend of hesitation to learn ERCP by the fellows in Korea because of following reasons; concentration of ERCP in a few high volume centers, high risk of post-procedural complications, and long training courses. In this background, the education committee of Korean Pancreatobiliary Association has prepared for ERCP educational guidelines for fellows in Korea. This guideline should be helpful to fellows who are currently under the training.


Subject(s)
Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Cholangiopancreatography, Magnetic Resonance , Diagnosis , Education , Fellowships and Scholarships , Korea , Ultrasonography
19.
Korean Journal of Pancreas and Biliary Tract ; : 87-91, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192943

ABSTRACT

Acute pancreatitis is occasionally caused by endoscopic treatments or radiologic interventions of the pancreatobiliary tract. However, no reports indicate that acute pancreatitis resulted from the insertion of a percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTCS) catheter in the common bile duct (CBD). A 65-year-old woman visited our hospital with acute cholangitis due to about 3 cm-sized CBD stones. We planned to perform PTCS because of the large stones and altered anatomy (Billroth II). The patient was discharged after tract dilatation and insertion of a PTCS catheter in the distal CBD without manipulations of Ampulla of Vater (AOV). However, she visited the emergency room due to acute pancreatitis at three days after discharge. Computed tomography revealed upstream dilation of the main pancreatic duct following the compressed area of a large stone and catheter. Thus, we report a case that presented with acute pancreatitis induced by insertion of a PTCS catheter without manipulations of AOV.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Ampulla of Vater , Catheters , Cholangiography , Cholangitis , Common Bile Duct , Dilatation , Emergency Service, Hospital , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatitis
20.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 79-82, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110001

ABSTRACT

Gallbladder (GB) cancer is asymptomatic in nature, making diagnosis and treatment difficult. The lymph node status is the strongest predictor of long-term survival for patients with GB cancer, and a complete removal of regional lymph nodes is important for patients undergoing radical resection of GB cancer. Unfortunately, lymph node metastases are common in the early stages of GB cancer. However, there have only been a few cases describing the symptoms or complications of metastatic lymph nodes in patients with GB cancer. Although hemoperitoneum caused by metastatic lymph nodes can occur with several cancers, it is very rare. To the best of our knowledge, hemoperitoneum from spontaneous ruptures of metastatic lymph nodes with GB cancer has not yet been reported. Herein, we describe such a case in a patient newly diagnosed with GB cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diagnosis , Gallbladder Neoplasms , Gallbladder , Hemoperitoneum , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous
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