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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 752-762, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890771

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Our study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes and risk factors forrelapse after anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α cessation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients because they are not well established. @*Methods@#A retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted involving patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) from 10 referral hospitals in Korea who discontinued firstline anti-TNF therapy after achieving clinical remission. @*Results@#A total of 109 IBD patients (71 CD and 38 UC) with a median follow-up duration of 56months were analyzed. The cumulative relapse rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 11.3%, 46.7%, and 62.5% for CD patients and 28.9%, 45.3%, and 60.9% for UC patients. Multivariable Coxanalysis revealed that discontinuation owing to the clinician’s decision was associated with lower risk of relapse (vs patient’s preference: hazard ratio [HR], 0.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.04 to 0.48; p=0.002) and adalimumab use was associated with higher risk of relapse (vs infliximab: HR, 4.42; 95% CI, 1.24 to 17.74; p=0.022) in CD patients. Mucosal healing was associated with lower risk of relapse (vs nonmucosal healing: HR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.83; p=0.031) in UC patients. Anti-TNF re-induction was provided to 52 patients, and a response was obtained in 50 patients. However, 25 of them discontinued retreatment owing to a loss of response (n=15), the patient’s preference (n=6), and other factors (n=4). @*Conclusions@#More than 60% of IBD patients in remission under anti-TNF therapy relapsed within 5 years of treatment cessation. Anti-TNF re-induction was effective. However, half of the patients discontinued anti-TNF therapy, and 50% of these patients discontinued treatment owing to loss of response.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 752-762, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898475

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Our study aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes and risk factors forrelapse after anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α cessation in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients because they are not well established. @*Methods@#A retrospective multicenter cohort study was conducted involving patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis (UC) from 10 referral hospitals in Korea who discontinued firstline anti-TNF therapy after achieving clinical remission. @*Results@#A total of 109 IBD patients (71 CD and 38 UC) with a median follow-up duration of 56months were analyzed. The cumulative relapse rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 11.3%, 46.7%, and 62.5% for CD patients and 28.9%, 45.3%, and 60.9% for UC patients. Multivariable Coxanalysis revealed that discontinuation owing to the clinician’s decision was associated with lower risk of relapse (vs patient’s preference: hazard ratio [HR], 0.13; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.04 to 0.48; p=0.002) and adalimumab use was associated with higher risk of relapse (vs infliximab: HR, 4.42; 95% CI, 1.24 to 17.74; p=0.022) in CD patients. Mucosal healing was associated with lower risk of relapse (vs nonmucosal healing: HR, 0.12; 95% CI, 0.02 to 0.83; p=0.031) in UC patients. Anti-TNF re-induction was provided to 52 patients, and a response was obtained in 50 patients. However, 25 of them discontinued retreatment owing to a loss of response (n=15), the patient’s preference (n=6), and other factors (n=4). @*Conclusions@#More than 60% of IBD patients in remission under anti-TNF therapy relapsed within 5 years of treatment cessation. Anti-TNF re-induction was effective. However, half of the patients discontinued anti-TNF therapy, and 50% of these patients discontinued treatment owing to loss of response.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915425

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) began to spread worldwide and remains an ongoing medical challenge. This case series reports on the clinical features and characteristics of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and confirmed COVID-19 infection. From February 2020 to March 2021, nine patients with IBD had confirmed COVID-19 across four hospitals in Korea. The median age at COVID-19 diagnosis was 42 years. Six patients were male, and seven patients had ulcerative colitis (UC). No patients required oxygen therapy, intensive care unit hospitalizations, or died. The most common symptom was fever, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms developed as diarrhea in five patients with UC. Oral steroids were used to combat UC aggravation in two patients. In this case series of nine IBD patients diagnosed with COVID-19 in Korea, the clinical presentation was predominately a mild respiratory tract infection. Most patients with UC developed new GI symptoms including diarrhea.

4.
Intestinal Research ; : 192-199, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834384

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a global phenomenon, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. We aimed to assess the change in prevalence and patterns of CAM use, and attitudes towards CAM over an 8-year time interval (2006 vs. 2014) among IBD patients in Korea. @*Methods@#A total of 221 IBD patients (CD=142, UC=79) were asked to complete a questionnaire regarding CAM at two time points: at enrollment (2006) and 8 years later (2014/2015). @*Results@#The proportion of patients ever using CAM increased significantly from 60.2% in 2006 to 79.6% in 2014 (P<0.001), while the proportion of current CAM users increased slightly (35.7% to 38.0%, P=0.635); 21.7% used CAM consistently at both time points. The proportion of patients who felt CAM was less effective (P<0.001) and more expensive (P=0.04) than conventional treatments increased over time. Also, the proportion among ever CAM users who perceived a positive effect from CAM significantly decreased in 2014 compared to 2006 (P=0.004). Higher education (adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 2.10), prior side effects to conventional therapies (aOR, 2.23), and prior use of corticosteroids (aOR, 2.51) were associated with CAM use. Interestingly, use of CAM before IBD diagnosis (aOR, 2.73) was significantly associated with consistent CAM use. @*Conclusions@#Although the attitudes toward CAM have become less favorable, the majority of IBD patients have experienced CAM with an overall increase of current CAM users over time. Moreover, more than half of current CAM users used CAM consistently over time.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834048

ABSTRACT

Collision tumors are extremely rare, and currently, no therapeutic protocols are established. A 64-year-old man presented to his physician with complaints of right chest and abdominal pain. The contrast-enhanced CT scan showed a mass measuring 3.6 cm around the gastric fundus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed and a semicircular longitudinal ulcerative mass was found at the distal esophagus. A mass measuring about 4 cm with central ulceration was noted at the cardia. The esophageal biopsy revealed positivity for a component of neuroendocrine carcinoma adjacent to a squamous cell carcinoma. PET-CT revealed a mass in the esophagus and cardia and several tumors in the whole liver, pancreas, and bone. The patient was finally diagnosed with a collision tumor of the esophagus with multiple metastases. In conclusion, patients with collision tumors must undergo active multidisciplinary management that will include pathologists and oncologists, who will decide on proper treatment strategies.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740765

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Previous studies from Korea have described chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIPO) patients with transition zone (TZ) in the colon. In this study, we evaluated the pathological characteristics and their association with long-term outcomes in Korean colonic pseudo-obstruction (CPO) patients with TZ. METHODS: We enrolled 39 CPO patients who were refractory to medical treatment and underwent colectomy between November 1989 and April 2016 (median age at symptoms onset: 45 [interquartile range, 29–57] years, males 46.2%). The TZ was defined as a colonic segment connecting a proximally dilated and distally non-dilated segment. Detailed pathologic analysis was performed. RESULTS: Among the 39 patients, 37 (94.9%) presented with TZ and 2 (5.1%) showed no definitive TZ. Median ganglion cell density in the TZ adjusted for the colonic circumference was significantly decreased compared to that in proximal dilated and distal non-dilated segments in TZ (+) patients (9.2 vs 254.3 and 150.5, P < 0.001). Among the TZ (+) patients, 6 showed additional pathologic findings including eosinophilic ganglionitis (n = 2), ulcers with combined cytomegalovirus infection (n = 2), diffuse ischemic changes (n = 1), and heterotropic myenteric plexus (n = 1). During follow-up (median, 61 months), 32 (82.1%) TZ (+) patients recovered without symptom recurrence after surgery. The presence of pathological features other than hypoganglionosis was an independent predictor of symptom recurrence after surgery (P = 0.046). CONCLUSIONS: Hypoganglionosis can be identified in the TZ of most Korean CPO patients. Detection of other pathological features in addition to TZ-associated hypoganglionosis was associated with poor post-operative outcomes.


Subject(s)
Cell Count , Colectomy , Colon , Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Eosinophils , Follow-Up Studies , Ganglion Cysts , Humans , Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction , Korea , Male , Myenteric Plexus , Pathology , Recurrence , Ulcer
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713777

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The clinical outcomes of angiography and transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for acute gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) have not been completely assessed, especially according to bleeding sites. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of angiography and safety of TAE in acute GIB. METHODS: This was a retrospective study evaluating the records of 321 patients with acute GIB who underwent angiography with or without TAE. Targeted TAE was conducted in 134 patients, in whom angiography showed bleeding sources. Prophylactic TAE was performed in 29 patients when the bleeding source was not detected but a specific vessel was strongly suspected by other examinations. The rate of technical success, clinical success, and complications were analyzed. RESULTS: The detection rate of bleeding source via angiography was 50.8% (163/321), which was not different according to the bleeding sites. The detection rate was higher if the probable bleeding source had already been found by another investigation (59.7% vs. 35.8%, p<0.001). TAE sites were upper GIB in 67, mid GIB in 74, and lower GIB in 22. The technical success rate was 99.3% (133/134), and the clinical success rate was 63.0% (104/163). The prophylactic embolization group showed lower clinical success rate than the targeted embolization group (44.8% vs. 67.9%, p=0.06). The TAE-related complication rate was 12.9% (21/163). Ischemia and/or infarction was more common after TAE for mid and lower GIB than for upper GIB (15.6% vs. 3.0%, p=0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Angiography with or without TAE was an effective method for acute GIB. Targeted embolization should be performed if possible given that it has a higher clinical success rate.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Embolization, Therapeutic , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Infarction , Ischemia , Methods , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155810

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent progenitor cells currently under investigation for its efficacy as the treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. In this study, we evaluated the efficacy of tonsil-derived mesenchymal stem cells (T-MSCs) as a novel source of mesenchymal stem cells and traced their localization in a murine model of acute colitis induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to the following three groups: the normal control group, DSS colitis group (DSS+phosphate buffered saline), and T-MSC group (DSS+T-MSCs, 1×106). The severity of colitis was assessed by determining the severity of symptoms of colitis, colon length, histopathologic grade, and levels of inflammatory cytokines. T-MSCs labeled with PKH26 were traced in vivo. RESULTS: The T-MSC group, compared with the DSS colitis group, showed a significantly lower disease activity index (11.3±1.5 vs. 8.3±1.9, p=0.015) at sacrifice and less reduction of body weight (-17.1±5.0% vs. -8.1±6.9%, p=0.049). In the T-MSC group, the histologic colitis score was significantly decreased compared with the DSS colitis group (22.6±3.8 vs. 17.0±3.4, p=0.039). IL-6 and IL-1β, the pro-inflammatory cytokines, were also significantly reduced after a treatment with T-MSCs. In vivo tracking revealed no PKH26-labelled T-MSCs in the colonic tissue of mice with acute colitis. CONCLUSIONS: In the acute colitis model, we demonstrated that the administration of T-MSCs ameliorates inflammatory symptoms and histology. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory activities of T-MSCs were independent of gut homing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Body Weight , Colitis , Colon , Cytokines , Dextran Sulfate , Dextrans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Interleukin-6 , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Palatine Tonsil , Stem Cells
9.
Gut and Liver ; : 73-78, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100542

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The reported rates of current smoking at the time of Crohn’s disease (CD) diagnosis tend to be low in East Asian studies. However, we hypothesized that East Asian patients may be reluctant to disclose their smoking history, likely because of the influence of the Confucian culture. METHODS: We prospectively re-evaluated the smoking status at diagnosis in 1,437 Korean CD patients whose smoking status had been reported in our previous study. RESULTS: After re-evaluation, the current smokers at diagnosis increased from 388 patients (27.0%) to 445 patients (31.0%), indicating that 12.8% (57 of 445 patients) of the current smokers at diagnosis did not disclose their smoking status at their initial evaluation. The proportion of current smokers at diagnosis who had initially concealed their smoking status was significantly higher among the female patients (29.7%, 11/37) compared with the male patients (11.3%, 46/408) (p18 years old at diagnosis (8.6%, 35/406) (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Subgroups of Korean CD patients, particularly young patients and female patients, are reluctant to disclose their smoking history. Therefore, the suggestion that smoking is not a risk factor for the development of CD in East Asians should be made with caution.


Subject(s)
Asians , Crohn Disease , Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
10.
Intestinal Research ; : 502-510, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220097

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Precutting before endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection (EPMR) may increase colorectal polyp resection effectiveness. We aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence after conventional EPMR (CEPMR) and precut EPMR (PEPMR) and investigated endoscopic treatment outcomes for recurrent cases. METHODS: The medical records of patients with colorectal polyps treated by EPMR were analyzed. Patients without follow-up surveillance colonoscopies were excluded. RESULTS: Among 359 lesions, the local recurrence rate on the first surveillance colonoscopy was 5.8% (18/312) and 6.4% (3/47) after CEPMR and PEPMR, respectively. Among lesions without recurrence at the first surveillance colonoscopy, the rates of late recurrence on subsequent surveillance colonoscopy were 3.9% (6/152) and 0% after CEPMR and PEPMR, respectively. Larger tumor size was the only independent risk factor for recurrence (odds ratio, 7.93; 95% confidence interval, 1.95–32.30; P<0.001). Endoscopic treatment was performed for all 27 recurrences. A combination of ≥2 endoscopic treatment modalities was used in 19 of 27 recurrences (70.4%). Surveillance colonoscopies were performed in 20 of 27 recurrences after endoscopic treatment. One (5.0%) had a re-recurrence and was treated by surgical resection because recurrence occurred at the appendiceal orifice. Nineteen of 20 lesions (95.0%) could be cured endoscopically, although 3 of the 19 showed second or third recurrences and were treated by repeat endoscopic resection. CONCLUSIONS: The local recurrence rates after CEPMR and PEPMR were similar. Larger tumor size was an independent risk factor for local recurrence after EPMR. Endoscopic treatment of recurrences resulted in high cure rates, although combination methods were necessary in many cases.


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Medical Records , Polyps , Recurrence , Risk Factors
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 727-733, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67333

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated the long-term outcome and clinical course of patients of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-induced small intestinal injury by performing capsule endoscopy (CE). METHODS: A multicenter retrospective study was conducted using data collected from the CE nationwide database registry, which has been established since 2002. RESULTS: A total of 140 patients (87 males; mean age, 60.6+/-14.8 years) from the CE nationwide database registry (n=2,885) were diagnosed with NSAID-induced small intestinal injury and enrolled in our study. Forty-nine patients (35.0%) presented with a history of aspirin use and an additional 49 (35.0%) were taking NSAIDs without aspirin. The most prominent findings after performing CE were multiple ulcerations (n=82, 58.6%) and erosions or aphthae (n=32, 22.9%). During the follow-up period (mean, 15.9+/-19.0 months; range, 0 to 106 months), NSAID-induced small intestinal injury only recurred in six patients (4.3%). Older age and hypertension were positive predictive factors for recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the recurrence of NSAID-induced small bowel injury was not frequent in the presence of conservative treatment. Therefore, the initial diagnosis using CE and the medication history are important.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/adverse effects , Aspirin/adverse effects , Capsule Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Intestinal Diseases/chemically induced , Intestine, Small/drug effects , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Ulcer/chemically induced
12.
Intestinal Research ; : 128-134, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144350

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: As life expectancy has increased, the number of elderly patients who need long-term care has grown rapidly. Mortality in patients with colitis in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) is increasing. We intend to investigate the main causes of colitis in LTCFs compared to those of colitis in local communities, and to identify the clinical features and risk factors of patients with colitis in LTCFs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed epidemiology, medical conditions, laboratory values, diagnoses, and clinical courses of elderly patients aged > or =65 who were admitted to the Ewha Womans University hospital with colitis between January 2007 and July 2012. RESULTS: Patients with colitis in LTCFs (n=20) were compared with elderly patients with colitis in local communities (n=154). Fifty-five percent of colitis in LTCFs was caused by Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), 30% was due to ischemic colitis, and 15% was due to non-specific colitis. Non-specific colitis was the most common (63%) in the community group. Clinical outcomes were also significantly different between both groups: higher mortality (10.0% vs. 0.64%, P=0.021), higher requirement for intensive care units care (50.0% vs. 18.8%, P<0.01) in LTCFs group. In univariate analysis, the most significant risk factor for death in patients in LTCFs was decreased mental faculties. CONCLUSIONS: Patients in LTCFs showed worse clinical outcomes and a much higher prevalence of CDI compared to patients from local communities. We suggest early and active evaluation, such as endoscopic examination, for differential diagnosis in patients in LTCFs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Clostridioides difficile , Colitis , Colitis, Ischemic , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Life Expectancy , Long-Term Care , Mortality , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Intestinal Research ; : 128-134, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144343

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: As life expectancy has increased, the number of elderly patients who need long-term care has grown rapidly. Mortality in patients with colitis in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) is increasing. We intend to investigate the main causes of colitis in LTCFs compared to those of colitis in local communities, and to identify the clinical features and risk factors of patients with colitis in LTCFs. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed epidemiology, medical conditions, laboratory values, diagnoses, and clinical courses of elderly patients aged > or =65 who were admitted to the Ewha Womans University hospital with colitis between January 2007 and July 2012. RESULTS: Patients with colitis in LTCFs (n=20) were compared with elderly patients with colitis in local communities (n=154). Fifty-five percent of colitis in LTCFs was caused by Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), 30% was due to ischemic colitis, and 15% was due to non-specific colitis. Non-specific colitis was the most common (63%) in the community group. Clinical outcomes were also significantly different between both groups: higher mortality (10.0% vs. 0.64%, P=0.021), higher requirement for intensive care units care (50.0% vs. 18.8%, P<0.01) in LTCFs group. In univariate analysis, the most significant risk factor for death in patients in LTCFs was decreased mental faculties. CONCLUSIONS: Patients in LTCFs showed worse clinical outcomes and a much higher prevalence of CDI compared to patients from local communities. We suggest early and active evaluation, such as endoscopic examination, for differential diagnosis in patients in LTCFs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Clostridioides difficile , Colitis , Colitis, Ischemic , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Life Expectancy , Long-Term Care , Mortality , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 48-51, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55294

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Suppression of gastrointestinal (GI) peristalsis during GI endoscopy commonly requires antispasmodic agents such as hyoscine butylbromide, atropine, glucagon, and cimetropium bromide. This study examined the efficacy of oral phloroglucin for the suppression of peristalsis, its impact on patient compliance, and any associated complications, and compared it with intravenous or intramuscular cimetropium bromide administration. METHODS: This was a randomized, investigator-blind, prospective comparative study. A total of 172 patients were randomized into two groups according to the following medications administered prior to upper endoscopy: oral phloroglucin (group A, n=86), and cimetropium bromide (group B, n=86). The numbers and the degrees of peristalsis events at the antrum and second duodenal portion were assessed for 30 seconds. RESULTS: A significantly higher number of gastric peristalsis events was observed in group A (0.49 vs. 0.08, p<0.001), but the difference was not clinically significant. No significant difference between both groups was found in the occurrence of duodenal peristalsis events (1.79 vs. 1.63, p=0.569). The incidence of dry mouth was significantly higher with cimetropium bromide than with phloroglucin (50% vs. 15.1%, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Oral phloroglucin can be used as an antispasmodic agent during upper endoscopy, and shows antispasmodic efficacy and adverse effects similar to those of cimetropium bromide.


Subject(s)
Atropine , Endoscopy , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Glucagon , Humans , Incidence , Mouth , Parasympatholytics , Patient Compliance , Peristalsis , Premedication , Prospective Studies , Scopolamine
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103768

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The clinical course and the most appropriate management of colonic diverticulitis in young patients are currently unresolved. This retrospective study was designed to compare young patients (40 years) regarding clinical characteristics of acute colonic diverticulitis and to determine whether differences exist in treatment outcome. METHODS: Three-hundred sixty eight patients presenting with acute colonic diverticulitis from March 2001 through April 2011 at Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The differences in clinical characteristics, treatment modality and recurrence between each group were analyzed. RESULTS: Two-hundred and six patients were aged 40 years or younger and 162 patients were older than 40 years. The older group was diagnosed more frequently with severe diverticulitis. Surgical treatment was significantly more frequent in the older group than in the younger group (15.4% vs. 4.4%, p<0.001). No significant difference was found in treatment modality between the two groups in patients with recurrence. The difference in recurrence between groups was not statistically significant. In multivariate analysis, left colonic diverticulitis was significantly associated with severe diverticulitis (OR, 14.651; 95% CI, 4.829-44.457) and emergency surgery (OR, 13.745; 95% CI, 4.390-43.031). CONCLUSIONS: When patients with colonic diverticulitis are treated conservatively, young age is no longer an independent risk factor for subsequent poor outcome. Diverticulitis in young patients does not have a particularly aggressive or fulminant course. Therefore, we recommend that diverticulitis management should be based on the severity and location of the disease, and not on the age of the patient.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Age Factors , Body Mass Index , Diverticulitis, Colonic/diagnosis , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143745

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer resembling subepithelial tumor is rare. It comprises approximately 0.5% of all resected gastric cancer cases. The features of gastric carcinoma resembling subepithelial tumor are erosion, erythema and central umbilication. Because only a small amount of cancerous tissue is present at the mucosal layer, differential diagnosis between subepithelial tumor and gastric cancer resembling subepithelial tumor is difficult. EUS is recommended to identify the origin and echogenicity of the lesion, characteristic features, and accurate size. We report a case of early gastric cancer misdiagnosed as a subepithelial tumor on the basis of standard endoscopy and EUS findings in a 63-year-old woman. The patient received endoscopic resection and additional surgical operation was performed to achieve complete resection.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Erythema , Female , Humans , Stomach Neoplasms
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143736

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer resembling subepithelial tumor is rare. It comprises approximately 0.5% of all resected gastric cancer cases. The features of gastric carcinoma resembling subepithelial tumor are erosion, erythema and central umbilication. Because only a small amount of cancerous tissue is present at the mucosal layer, differential diagnosis between subepithelial tumor and gastric cancer resembling subepithelial tumor is difficult. EUS is recommended to identify the origin and echogenicity of the lesion, characteristic features, and accurate size. We report a case of early gastric cancer misdiagnosed as a subepithelial tumor on the basis of standard endoscopy and EUS findings in a 63-year-old woman. The patient received endoscopic resection and additional surgical operation was performed to achieve complete resection.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Erythema , Female , Humans , Stomach Neoplasms
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-46505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The unique role of enzyme 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) in the production of leukotrienes makes it a therapeutic target for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of B-98, a newly synthesized benzoxazole derivatives and a novel 5-LO inhibitor, in a mouse model of IBD induced by dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly assigned to four groups: normal control, DSS colitis (DSS+saline), low dose B-98 (DSS+B-98 20 mg/kg) and high dose B-98 (DSS+B-98 100 mg/kg). B-98 was administered with 3% DSS intraperitoneally. The severity of the colitis was assessed via the disease activity index (DAI), colon length, and histopathologic grading. The production of inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-6 was determined by RT-PCR. Th cells were examined for the proportion of Th1 cell, Th2 cell, Th9 cell, Th17 cell and Treg cell using intracellular cytometry. RESULTS: The B-98 group showed lower DAI, less shortening of the colon length and lower histopathologic grading compared with the DSS colitis group (p<0.01). The expression of IL-6 in colonic tissue was significantly lower in the B-98 groups than the DSS colitis group (p<0.05). The cellular profiles revealed that the Th1, Th9 and Th17 cells were increased in the DSS colitis group compared to the B-98 group (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that acute intestinal inflammation is reduced in the group treated with B-98 by Th1, Th9 and Th17 involved cellular immunity.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Animals , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase/chemistry , Benzoxazoles/chemistry , Colitis/chemically induced , Colon/drug effects , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Interleukin-6/genetics , Lipoxygenase Inhibitors/chemistry , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Severity of Illness Index , T-Lymphocytes/classification
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221406

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is causally associated with gastritis and peptic ulcer diseases. Recent data have demonstrated that triple therapy with amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and a proton pump inhibitor has an eradication rate of only 74~76% and new therapeutic protocols may be necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Lactobacillus as supplementation to anti-H. pylori regimens on H. pylori eradication rates and therapy-associated side effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed, Medline and Korean Medical Database were searched in January 2012, with no language restrictions, for randomized controlled trials; additional references were obtained from reviewed articles. We included trials comparing Lactobacillus supplementation to placebo or no treatment during anti-H. pylori regimens. Meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager. RESULTS: Eleven trials involving a total of 1,107 participants met the inclusion criteria. Compared with placebo or no intervention, Lactobacillus given along with anti-H. pylori regimens significantly increased the eradication rate [84.7% vs. 78.8%, odds ratio (OR) 1.75, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.26~2.42] and reduced the risk of overall H. pylori therapy related adverse effects (35.4% vs. 48.6%, OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.38~0.81), particularly of diarrhea (7.5% vs. 20.6%, OR 0.31, 95% CI 0.18~0.54), bloating (19.2% vs. 29.9%, OR 0.53, 95% CI 0.32~0.88) and taste disturbance (17.6% vs. 34.8%, OR 0.37, 95% CI 0.21~0.64). There were no significant differences between groups in the risk of other adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: Our review suggests that supplementation with Lactobacilli could be effective in increasing eradication rates of anti-H. pylori therapy. Furthermore, Lactobacilli showed a positive impact on some H. pylori therapy-related side effects, particularly diarrhea, bloating and taste disturbance.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Clarithromycin , Diarrhea , Gastritis , Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Lactobacillus , Odds Ratio , Peptic Ulcer , Proton Pumps
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-124161

ABSTRACT

Sporadic duodenal polyps are uncommon, being found at 5% of patient referred for upper endoscopy. They are often discovered incidentally and are usually asymptomatic. Endoscopic features and histologic results from endoscopically biopsied specimen cannot exclude malignancy. Recently, we experienced a Brunner's gland adenoma of duodenum mimicking malignant neoplasm. A 52-year-old female visited for evalution of a duodenal mass. A 3 cm sized polypoid mass located at the mesenteric border of 2nd portion of duodenum was found on endoscopic examination. Histologic results based on tissue taken from endoscopic biopsy showed gastric foveolar hyperplasia. Endoscopic polypectomy was performed to exclude malignancy and histological finding was consistent with Brunner's gland adenoma.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Biopsy , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Hyperplasia , Middle Aged , Polyps
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