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1.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e292-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001237

ABSTRACT

As nucleocapsid protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is immunogenic but not targeted in vaccines, it could be useful in distinguishing natural infection from vaccination. We aimed to investigate the clinical utility of sero-immunological responses against the nucleocapsid protein. Nucleocapsid antibody immunoassay study with 302 coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients showed lower titers in immunocompromised patients (P < 0.001), higher titers in higher severity (P = 0.031), and different seroconversion rates and titers according to variants of concern. Longitudinal evaluation of nucleocapsid antibodies using 513 samples from 291 COVID-19 patients revealed that it could persist up to 556 days from symptom onset. Interferon gamma release assay against the nucleocapsid protein showed poor response, precluding the deduction of a cut-off for the nucleocapsid protein. In conclusion, nucleocapsid antibody provides instructive clues about the immunogenicity of nucleocapsid proteins by different seroconversion rates and titers according to the severity of infection, host immune status, and different variants of concern.

2.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e121-2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976943

ABSTRACT

Background@#Liver transplant (LT) recipients were considered a vulnerable population during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The clinical efficacy of the COVID-19 vaccine is unknown in immunocompromised patients. The purpose of this study was to provide evidence of antibody responses after COVID-19 vaccination in LT recipients. @*Methods@#This study enrolled 46 patients who underwent LT at Samsung Medical Center (Seoul, Korea) before implementation of the one-dose vaccine in Korea. Those who completed the two-dose COVID-19 vaccine between August 2021 and September 2021 were included and followed through December 2021. Semiquantitative anti-spike serologic testing was performed using the Roche Elecsys anti-SARS-CoV-2 S enzyme immunoassay (Roche Diagnostics, Rotkereuz, Switzerland) with a positive cutoff of at least 0.8 U/mL. @*Results@#Among all 46 participants, 40 (87%) demonstrated an antibody response after the second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, while six (13%) had no antibody response after the second dose. Upon univariate analysis, patients with higher antibody titer had longer years since LT (2.3 ± 2.8 vs. 9.4 ± 5.0, P < 0.001). A lower median tacrolimus (TAC) level before vaccination and after the second dose of COVID-19 vaccine indicated a significantly higher antibody response (2.3 [1.6–3.2] vs. 7.0 [3.7–7.8], P = 0.006, 2.5 [1.6–3.3] vs. 5.7 [4.2–7.2], P = 0.003). Period between 2nd vaccination and serologic testing was significantly higher in the antibody-response group compared to the no-antibody-response group (30.2 ± 24.0 vs. 65.9 ± 35.0, P = 0.012). A multivariate analysis of antibody responses revealed TAC level before vaccination as a statistically significant factor. @*Conclusion@#A higher TAC level before vaccination resulted in less effective vaccination in LT patients. Booster vaccinations are required, especially for patients in the early stage after LT who have compromised immune function.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 430-439, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927170

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Real-world experience with tocilizumab in combination with dexamethasone in patients with severe coronavirus disease (COVID-19) needs to be investigated. @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted to evaluate the effect of severity-adjusted dosing of dexamethasone in combination with tocilizumab for severe COVID-19 from August 2020 to August 2021. The primary endpoint was 30-day clinical recovery, which was defined as no oxygen requirement or referral after recovery. @*Results@#A total of 66 patients were evaluated, including 33 patients in the dexamethasone (Dexa) group and 33 patients in the dexamethasone plus tocilizumab (DexaToci) group. The DexaToci group showed a statistically significant benefit in 30-day clinical recovery, compared to the Dexa group (p=0.024). In multivariable analyses, peak FiO2 within 3 days and tocilizumab combination were consistently significant for 30-day recovery (all p<0.05). The DexaToci group showed a significantly steeper decrease in FiO2 (-4.2±2.6) than the Dexa group (−2.7±2.6; p=0.021) by hospital day 15. The duration of oxygen requirement was significantly shorter in the DexaToci group than the Dexa group (median, 10.0 days vs. 17.0 days; p=0.006). Infectious complications and cellular and humoral immune responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in the convalescence stage were not different between the two groups. @*Conclusion@#A combination of severity-adjusted dexamethasone and tocilizumab for the treatment of severe COVID-19 improved clinical recovery without increasing infectious complications or hindering the immune response against SARS-CoV-2.

4.
Gut and Liver ; : 763-770, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890775

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated whether anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (ASCA) titers are associated with diagnostic findings, disease activity, Paris classification phenotypes, and persistence after infliximab (IFX) treatment in children with Crohn’s disease (CD). We also investigated the role of ASCA as a predictor of mucosal healing (MH) and clinical remission (CR). @*Methods@#This study included 61 CD patients aged 19 years or younger who were diagnosed and treated between September 2010 and January 2019 and followed for at least 1 year. ASCA was regularly measured at the diagnosis of CD and at least 1 year after IFX therapy. @*Results@#The average follow-up period was 3.8±3.4 years (range, 1.0 to 7.2 years). Regression analysis showed that the ASCA titer was the only factor associated with Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD) or CR among all the parameters. In patients who had achieved MH (SES-CD=0), ASCA immunoglobulin G (IgG) was not associated with MH, but in patients without MH, ASCA IgG was associated with SES-CD (p=0.005) and CR (p<0.001). The cutoff value of ASCA IgG in patients with CR was 21.8 units. However, there was no difference in the relapse rate between the ASCA IgG-positive and -negative groups during the follow-up period. @*Conclusions@#In patients who have not achieved MH, ASCA IgG is closely related to mucosal damage and CR. Unlike Western studies, ASCA IgG may be more helpful in predicting prognosis than immunoglobulin A in Korean patients, but it is not an appropriate indicator to predict the relapse of CD.

5.
Gut and Liver ; : 763-770, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898479

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated whether anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody (ASCA) titers are associated with diagnostic findings, disease activity, Paris classification phenotypes, and persistence after infliximab (IFX) treatment in children with Crohn’s disease (CD). We also investigated the role of ASCA as a predictor of mucosal healing (MH) and clinical remission (CR). @*Methods@#This study included 61 CD patients aged 19 years or younger who were diagnosed and treated between September 2010 and January 2019 and followed for at least 1 year. ASCA was regularly measured at the diagnosis of CD and at least 1 year after IFX therapy. @*Results@#The average follow-up period was 3.8±3.4 years (range, 1.0 to 7.2 years). Regression analysis showed that the ASCA titer was the only factor associated with Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn's Disease (SES-CD) or CR among all the parameters. In patients who had achieved MH (SES-CD=0), ASCA immunoglobulin G (IgG) was not associated with MH, but in patients without MH, ASCA IgG was associated with SES-CD (p=0.005) and CR (p<0.001). The cutoff value of ASCA IgG in patients with CR was 21.8 units. However, there was no difference in the relapse rate between the ASCA IgG-positive and -negative groups during the follow-up period. @*Conclusions@#In patients who have not achieved MH, ASCA IgG is closely related to mucosal damage and CR. Unlike Western studies, ASCA IgG may be more helpful in predicting prognosis than immunoglobulin A in Korean patients, but it is not an appropriate indicator to predict the relapse of CD.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 542-546, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833355

ABSTRACT

Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ syndrome (APDS)1 is caused by gain-of-function mutations in PIK3CD, which encodes the catalytic p110δ subunit of phosphoinositide 3 kinase. We describe three patients with APDS1, the first thereof in Korea. Therein, we investigated clinical manifestations of APDS1 and collected data on the efficacy and safety profile of sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor and pathway-specific targeted medicine. The same heterozygous PIK3CD mutation was detected in all three patients (E1021K). After genetic diagnosis, all patients received sirolimus and experienced an excellent response, including amelioration of lymphoproliferation and improvement of nodular mucosal lymphoid hyperplasia in the gastrointestinal tract. The median trough level of sirolimus was 5.5 ng/mL (range, 2.8–7.5) at a dose of 2.6–3.6 mg/m2. Two patients who needed highdose, short-interval, immunoglobulin-replacement treatment (IGRT) had a reduced requirement for IGRT after initiating sirolimus, and the dosing interval was extended from 2 and 3 weeks to 4 weeks. The IgG trough level after sirolimus treatment (median, 594 mg/dL; range, 332–799 mg/dL) was significantly higher than that before sirolimus treatment (median, 290 mg/dL; range, 163–346 mg/dL) (p<0.001). One episode of elevated serum creatinine with a surge of sirolimus (Patient 2) and episodes of neutropenia and oral stomatitis (Patient 1) were observed. We diagnosed the first three patients with APDS1 in Korea. Low-dose sirolimus may alleviate clinical manifestations thereof, including hypogammaglobulinemia.

8.
Annals of Laboratory Medicine ; : 398-408, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830432

ABSTRACT

Background@#Non-HLA antibodies, anti-angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies (anti-AT1R) and anti-endothelial cell antibodies (AECA), are known to play a role in allograft rejection. We evaluated the role of both antibodies in predicting post-transplant outcomes in low-risk living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) recipients. @*Methods@#In 94 consecutive LDKT recipients who were ABO compatible and negative for pre-transplant HLA donor-specific antibodies, we determined the levels of anti-AT1Rs using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the presence of AECAs using a flow cytometric endothelial cell crossmatch (ECXM) assay with pre-transplant sera. Hazard ratio (HR) was calculated to predict post-transplant outcomes. @*Results@#Pre-transplant anti-AT1Rs (≥11.5 U/mL) and AECAs were observed in 36 (38.3%) and 22 recipients (23.4%), respectively; 11 recipients had both. Pre-transplant anti-AT1Rs were a significant risk factor for the development of acute rejection (AR) (HR 2.09; P=0.018), while a positive AECA status was associated with AR or microvascular inflammation only (HR 2.47; P=0.004) throughout the follow-up period. In particular, AECA (+) recipients with ≥11.5 U/mL anti-AT1Rs exhibited a significant effect on creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (P<0.001; P=0.028), although the risk of AR was not significant. @*Conclusions@#Pre-transplant anti-AT1Rs and AECAs have independent negative effects on post-transplant outcomes in low-risk LDKT recipients. Assessment of both antibodies would be helpful in stratifying the pre-transplant immunological risk, even in low-risk LDKT recipients.

9.
Pediatric Infection & Vaccine ; : 117-126, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837083

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is related to infectious mononucleosis or nasopharyngeal cancer, and its epidemiology may change according to the socioeconomic development of communities. This study aimed to evaluate the recent epidemiology of EBV seropositive rate in Korea. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed EBV serology test results obtained from a part of clinical care at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea, from January 2000 to December 2017. @*Results@#The EBV seropositive rate in 26,527 subjects during the study period was 81.0% (21,485/26,527): 44.4% (2,716/6,122) in subjects aged 0–9 years, 75.8% (2,077/2,739) in those aged 10–19 years, and 94.5% (16,692/17,666) in those aged ≥20 years. The EBV seropositive rate decreased from 89.4% (8,592/9,616) in 2000–2008 to 76.2% (12,893/16,911) in 2009– 2017 (P<0.001). Especially, the EBV seropositive rate in subjects aged 0–19 years significantly decreased from 2000–2008 to 2009–2017 (0–9 years, 62.8% [1,172/1,866] in 2000–2008 and 36.3% [1,544/4,256] in 2009–2017; 10–19 years, 83.8% [745/858] in 2000–2008 and 70.8% (1,332/1,881) in 2009–2017) (P<0.001). @*Conclusions@#The EBV seropositive rate in children has decreased in the last 20 years. As the age of patients with primary EBV infection increased, there is a need for interest in clinical manifestation, such as infectious mononucleosis, in adolescents and young adults.

10.
Korean Journal of Blood Transfusion ; : 109-118, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836493

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is an important therapeutic option for many malignant and non-malignant diseases. The whole transplant process involves multiple areas and complex steps. The laboratory procedures include the collection, processing, and storage of HSC. The HSC registry aims to identify the current situation and draw improvement points by voluntarily registering the information of an HSC graft collected by each institute sharing the analyzed data. This study analyzed and shared the data for 2018. @*Methods@#Data for 2018 registered at the HSC registry website (www.ksfa-registry.org) was downloaded and analyzed. The data were to enter the information of each collection and include the demography of the donors, transplant type, instrument, vascular access, mobilization modality, and the number of CD34+ cells. @*Results@#Two thousand eight hundred eighty-eight collection datasets from 1,373 donors were registered from 19 institutes, which was slightly higher than that reported in 2017. The number of collections in one patient was in the range of 1∼17 times, and the average was two times. In allogeneic HSCT, the number of related donors was higher than that of unrelated donors. The frequency of collecting more than four times per donor was 25.2% for autologous donors, compared to 95.4% for allogeneic donors less than twice. @*Conclusion@#The HSC registry is not limited to identifying the current situation and sharing the analyzed data, but is expected to contribute to the development of guidelines, education of human resources, and the standardization of laboratory procedures involved in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.

12.
Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research ; : 292-305, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785340

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of flow cytometry (FCM) as a quick tool for immunophenotyping and functional assays in patients suspected to have PIDs at a single tertiary care institute.METHODS: Between January 2001 and June 2018, patients suspected of having PIDs were subjected to FCM tests, including lymphocyte subset analysis, detection of surface- or intracellular-target proteins, and functional analysis of immune cells, at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. The genetic diagnosis was performed using Sanger or diagnostic exome sequencing.RESULTS: Of 60 patients diagnosed with definite or probable PID according to the European Society of Immune Deficiencies criteria, 24 patients were provided with useful information about immunological dysfunction after initial FCM testing. In 10 patients, the PID diagnosis was based on abnormal findings in FCM testing without genetic tests. The FCM findings provided strong evidence for the diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency (n = 6), X-linked chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) (n = 6), leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (n = 3), X-linked agammaglobulinemia (n = 11), autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome-FASLG (n = 1), and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (n = 1), and probable evidence for autosomal recessive-CGD (n = 2), autosomal dominant-hyper-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-syndrome (n = 1), and STAT1 gain-of-function mutation (n = 1). In PIDs derived from PIK3CD (n = 2), LRBA (n = 2), and CTLA4 mutations (n = 3), the FCM test provided useful evidence of immune abnormalities and a tool for treatment monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: The initial application of FCM, particularly with known protein targets on immune cells, would facilitate the timely diagnosis of PIDs and thus would support clinical decisions and improve the clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Agammaglobulinemia , Diagnosis , Exome , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Testing , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Immunophenotyping , Korea , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Tertiary Healthcare
13.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 334-339, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902672

ABSTRACT

Autosomal dominant chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (AD-CMC) is a subtype of CMC caused by gain-of-function (GOF) mutation of the signal transducer and the activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) protein. GOF mutation of STAT1 disrupts Th17 cell differentiation and causes susceptibility to candida infection in mucous membranes. Although genetic testing is crucial to diagnose AD-CMC, a simple and fast diagnostic tool is required for the management and reduction of complications associated with infection. Flow cytometry (FCM) is suggested for the measurement of intracellular phosphorylated STAT1 (pSTAT1) in a stimulated status. Here, we report the application of FCM to show the activation status of STAT signaling in a 24-year-old female patient diagnosed with AD-CMC. Compared to the controls, the patient’s T cells showed increased levels of pSTAT1 after stimulation by interferon-γ and lesser extent of inhibition caused by an inhibitor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of the usefulness of FCM as an alternative diagnostic and monitoring tool of GOF STAT1 in Korea.

14.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 334-339, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894968

ABSTRACT

Autosomal dominant chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (AD-CMC) is a subtype of CMC caused by gain-of-function (GOF) mutation of the signal transducer and the activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) protein. GOF mutation of STAT1 disrupts Th17 cell differentiation and causes susceptibility to candida infection in mucous membranes. Although genetic testing is crucial to diagnose AD-CMC, a simple and fast diagnostic tool is required for the management and reduction of complications associated with infection. Flow cytometry (FCM) is suggested for the measurement of intracellular phosphorylated STAT1 (pSTAT1) in a stimulated status. Here, we report the application of FCM to show the activation status of STAT signaling in a 24-year-old female patient diagnosed with AD-CMC. Compared to the controls, the patient’s T cells showed increased levels of pSTAT1 after stimulation by interferon-γ and lesser extent of inhibition caused by an inhibitor. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first evaluation of the usefulness of FCM as an alternative diagnostic and monitoring tool of GOF STAT1 in Korea.

15.
Journal of Laboratory Medicine and Quality Assurance ; : 130-152, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765649

ABSTRACT

Here, we report the results of the first histocompatibility proficiency testing (PT) performed by the Korean Association of External Quality Assessment Service in 2018. The directly prepared PT specimens of whole blood, sera, and mononuclear cell suspensions were distributed to participants biannually. The number of participants was comparable to that in the previous external PT program, and the response rate was 88%–100%. The accuracy rates for human leukocyte antigen (HLA) A, B, C, DR, and DQ low and high resolution typing were 100%/100%, 100%/98%, 100%/99%, and 99%/98%, respectively; HLA-B27 typing, 99.1%; T cell and B cell crossmatching, 3.1% and 6.0%, respectively; and HLA antibody screening and identification, 100% and 100%, respectively. The results of HLA crossmatching were not reported from four participants due to poor cell viability. Further improvements of the specimen delivery process, grading criteria for crossmatching, and format of participant summary are warranted.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Survival , Histocompatibility Testing , Histocompatibility , HLA-B27 Antigen , Leukocytes , Mass Screening , Suspensions
16.
The Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation ; : 13-25, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714803

ABSTRACT

Detection of significant alloimmune response, which affects graft function and survival by effective immune monitoring, is critical for treatment decision making. However, there is no consensus regarding immune monitoring (IM) for kidney transplantation (flow KT) in Korea. The IM protocol may be affected by the level of immunological risk, the methods of desensitization and the availabilities of resources such as laboratory support and cost of tests. Questionnaire surveys designed to identify the current practices regarding immune monitoring of KT among transplant clinicians and clinical pathologists in Korea and eventually provide a basis for the establishment of harmonized immune monitoring guidelines in KT were administered as part of a Korean Society for Transplantation Sponsored Research Project. The survey results revealed significant variations in IM protocols and interpretation of tests affecting treatment decisions between institutes. Moreover, the results revealed a need to expand the histocompatibility tests into high resolution HLA typing in multiple loci and non-HLA antibody tests that facilitate the epitope analysis and eventually virtual crossmatching. The results of the questionnaire survey from clinical pathologists are addressing the urgent need for the standardization of interpretation and harmonization of results reporting in single antigen bead based HLA antibody identification. Finally, communication between clinicians and clinical pathologists to meet the clinical expectations regarding various immune monitoring tests is needed.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Consensus , Decision Making , Histocompatibility , Histocompatibility Testing , Kidney Transplantation , Korea , Monitoring, Immunologic , Transplants
17.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e39-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764880

ABSTRACT

As the need for the organ donation increases, strategies to increase kidney transplantation (KT) through expanded living donation have become essential. These include kidney paired donation (KPD) programs and desensitization in incompatible transplantations. KPD enables kidney transplant candidates with incompatible living donors to join a registry with other incompatible pairs in order to find potentially compatible living donor. Positive cross match and ABO incompatible transplantation has been successfully accomplished in selective cases with several pre-conditionings. Patients who are both difficult-to-match due to broad sensitization and hard-to-desensitize because of donor conditions can often be successfully transplanted through a combination of KPD and desensitization. According to the existing data, KPD can increase the number of KTs from living donors with excellent clinical results. This is also a cost-effective treatment as compared with dialysis and desensitization protocols. We carried out 3-way KPD transplantation with one highly sensitized, positive cross match pair and with two ABO incompatible pairs. Herein we report our first successful 3-way KPD transplantation in a single center. To maximize donor-recipient matching and minimize immunologic risk, KPD programs should use proper algorithms with desensitization to identify optimal donor with simultaneous two-, three- or more complex multi-way exchanges.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dialysis , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Living Donors , Tissue and Organ Procurement , Tissue Donors
18.
Pediatric Infection & Vaccine ; : 123-131, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741865

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is mostly asymptomatic but can be detrimental to certain hosts. We investigated changes of CMV seroprevalence in Koreans before and after the year 2000. METHODS: We reviewed laboratory values of patients who were tested for CMV immunoglobulin G (IgG) at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, from January 1995 to December 2015. Changes in seroprevalence were analyzed by gender, age, region, and tested year period (period 1, 1995–2005 vs. period 2, 2006–2015). RESULTS: Overall CMV seropositivity was 94.1% (10,900/11,584). There was no significant difference for CMV seropositivity among the two periods (94.2% vs. 94.1%) (P=0.862). CMV seropositivity in the 11 to 20-year age group in period 2 (78.8%) was significantly lower than that of period 1 (89.9%) (P=0.001). The seropositivity of individuals aged 31–40 years (97.4%) was significantly higher than that of younger age groups (P < 0.001) and lower than that of older age groups (P < 0.001). Of 2,441 females of reproductive age (from 15 to 49), CMV seropositivity was 97% (2,467/2,441). The seropositivity in women aged 20–24-years was higher than that of men in the same age group (97.6% vs. 85.6%, P=0.003). No significant difference was observed among different regions. CONCLUSIONS: Overall CMV seropositivity of Koreans was estimated to be 94% and the average seropositivity of reproductive women was 97%. Monitoring of the changes in seroprevalence including the reproductive age group is needed in the future.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Cytomegalovirus , Immunoglobulin G , Korea , Seoul , Seroepidemiologic Studies
19.
Medical Principles and Practice. 2017; 26 (3): 221-228
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188527

ABSTRACT

Objectives: In this study, peripheral blood lymphocytes were compared between a brand-name and a generic tacrolimus group in stable liver transplant recipients


Subjects and Methods: Sixteen patients who underwent ABO-compatible living donor liver transplants between 2012 and 2013 and had stable graft function were included in this study. Ten patients received brand-name tacrolimus and 6 patients re-ceived generic tacrolimus. CDS, CD47 CDS, yd, CD4+FoxP3+, and CD3-CD56+ T cells were analyzed in peripheral blood obtained preoperatively and 4,8,12, and 24 weeks after liver transplantation. Categorical variables were compared using a x2 test or Fisher exact test, and continuous variables were compared using the Mann-Whitney U test


Results: Regarding the baseline and perioperative characteristics, there were no statistically significant differences between the 2 groups. Immunosuppression also was not different. Subtype analysis of T-cell populations carried out in parallel showed similar levels of CD3, CD4, CDS, and ydJ cells with brand-name tacrolimus and generic tacrolimus in stable liver transplant recipients. However, the levels of CD4+Foxp3+ and CD3-CD56+ T cells were higher in the brand-name tacrolimus group than in the generic tacrolimus group 8 weeks after transplantation [p < 0.05]


Conclusions: The level of CD4+Foxp3+ T cells was higher in the brand-name tacrolimus group than in the generic tacrolimus group after transplantation. This finding showed that brand-name tacrolimus could have more potential immunosuppressive activity than generic tacrolimus regarding the contribution of CD4+Foxp3+ T cells to graft tolerance in liver transplant recipients


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Liver Transplantation , Drugs, Generic/therapeutic use , Lymphocytes/drug effects , Living Donors , ABO Blood-Group System , Statistics, Nonparametric
20.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 147-156, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We carried out a questionnaire survey for laboratories performing human leukocyte antigen-crossmatch (HLA-XM) to provide a basis for laboratory standardization of HLA-XM tests in Korea. METHODS: The questionnaires were distributed to 51 HLA laboratories participating in the HLA-XM part of the HLA proficiency survey program organized by the Korean Society for Laboratory Medicine and replies from 50 laboratories were analyzed. The questionnaires included following items: 1) HLA-XM methods performed and annual number of tests, 2) types of the specimen and lymphocyte separation methods, 3) test procedures and reagents for complement-dependent cytotoxicity crossmatch (CDC-XM) and flow cytometry crossmatch (FCXM). RESULTS: The number of laboratories performing anti-human globulin (AHG) CDC-XM (47/49, 96%) and FCXM (30/50, 60%) was considerably increased compared to the 2005 survey (AHG CDC-XM, 35/43, 81%; FCXM, 7/44, 16%). As for the annual number of XM tests, more than 50% of the laboratories were low volume laboratories performing ≤50 tests, and only 10% of the laboratories were performing >500 tests. For cell isolation methods, negative selection was used by 43% (21/49) of laboratories performing CDC-XM. Number of cells reacted per 1 µL of serum varied among different laboratories in both CDC-XM (1,000–8,000) and FCXM tests (1,300-20,000). For the interpretation of FCXM, log fluorescence ratio (26/30, 87%) was more commonly used than channel shift values (5/30, 17%). CONCLUSIONS: Considerable variation is noted in both CDC-XM and FCXM methods performed by different laboratories. A continuous effort for laboratory standardization is needed to reduce inter-laboratory variation in the HLA-XM test results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Separation , Flow Cytometry , Fluorescence , Indicators and Reagents , Korea , Leukocytes , Lymphocytes
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