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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 633-640, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003238

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare the prognosis of patients with axillary adenocarcinoma from an unknown primary (ACUPax) origin with negative MRI results and those with MRI-detected primary breast cancers. @*Materials and Methods@#The breast MRI images of 32 patients with ACUPax without signs of primary breast cancer on mammography and ultrasound (US) were analyzed. Spot compression-magnification mammography and second-look US were performed for the area of MRI abnormality in patients with positive results; any positive findings corresponding to the MRI abnormality were confirmed by biopsy. If suspicious MRI lesions could not be localized on mammography or US, MR-guided biopsy or excision biopsy after MR-guided localization was performed. We compared the prognosis of patients with negative breast MRI with that for patients with MRI-detected primary breast cancers. @*Results@#Primary breast cancers were confirmed in 8 (25%) patients after breast MRI. Primary breast cancers were not detected on MRI in 24 (75%) patients, including five cases of false-positive MRI results. Twenty-three patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) followed by whole breast radiation therapy (WBRT) and chemotherapy (n=17) or subsequent chemotherapy only (n=2). Recurrence or distant metastasis did not occur during follow up in 7/8 patients with MRI-detected primary breast cancers and 22/24 patients with negative MRI results. Regional recurrence or distant metastasis did not occur in any MR-negative patient who received adjuvant chemotherapy after ALND and WBRT. @*Conclusion@#The prognoses of MR-negative patients with ACUPax who received ALND and WBRT followed by chemotherapy were as good as those of patients with MRI-detected primary breast cancers.

2.
Ultrasonography ; : 31-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969258

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of shear-wave elastography (SWE) combined with Doppler ultrasonography (US) in selecting equivocal breast fibroepithelial lesions (FELs) for follow-up without further excision. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was conducted of 88 patients with equivocal breast FELs (FELs with the possibility of both fibroadenoma [FA] and phyllodes tumor [PT]) diagnosed by core needle biopsy (CNB). For post-CNB treatment, surgical or vacuum-assisted excision was performed on 88 equivocal FELs, of which 56 were diagnosed as FAs and 32 as PTs on histopathology. Mean elasticity (Emean) and vascularity were determined using SWE and Doppler US. The diagnostic performances of B-mode US, SWE, and Doppler US were calculated to differentiate FAs and PTs in the excised equivocal FELs. @*Results@#In the excised equivocal FELs diagnosed by CNB, FAs showed significantly lower median Emean values (36.4 vs. 66.7 kPa, P=0.005) and more frequent low vascularity (0–1 vessel flow signal) (P60.9 kPa and high vascularity (≥2 vessel flows) showed a sensitivity and negative predictive value of 100%, as well as better performance in other diagnostic values than B-mode US alone (Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System ≥4A) (all P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#Equivocal breast FELs showing both low elasticity and low vascularity were not upgraded to PTs upon further excision. Therefore, the combination of SWE and color Doppler US mode might help select patients with equivocal FELs for whom further excision is unnecessary.

3.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 77-85, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967068

ABSTRACT

We present our initial experience of ultrasound (US)-guided localization of clipped metastatic axillary lymph nodes (LNs) following neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). We evaluated US visibility and the successful excision rate of clipped LN after NAC in 29 consecutive patients with breast cancer. US-guided localization of clipped nodes was performed in 22 patients on the day of surgery, while seven patients underwent surgery without localization. The clips were identified in all patients with residual metastatic LNs and 6 of 12 (50%) patients without residual metastatic LNs on US. Six patients without visible clips underwent US-guided localization at the presumed previous clip insertion site. The successful excision rate of 22 LNs with localization was 100% (even though 3 of them were non-sentinel LNs) and 57% (4/7) without localization. Regardless of the presence of visible residual metastatic LNs on US after NAC, successful excision of the clipped LN with US-guided localization is feasible.

4.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 159-171, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918218

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to investigate the impact of baseline values and temporal changes in body composition parameters, including skeletal muscle index (SMI) and visceral adipose tissue area (VAT), measured using serial computed tomography (CT) imaging on the prognosis of operable breast cancers in Asian patients. @*Materials and Methods@#This study retrospectively included 627 Asian female (mean age ± standard deviation [SD], 53.6 ± 8.3 years) who underwent surgery for stage I–III breast cancer between January 2011 and September 2012. Body composition parameters, including SMI and VAT, were semi-automatically calculated on baseline abdominal CT at the time of diagnosis and follow-up CT for post-treatment surveillance. Serial changes in SMI and VAT were calculated as the delta values. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was used to evaluate the association of baseline and delta SMI and VAT values with disease-free survival. @*Results@#Among 627 patients, 56 patients (9.2%) had breast cancer recurrence after a median of 40.5 months. The mean value ± SD of the baseline SMI and baseline VAT were 43.7 ± 5.8 cm2 /m2 and 72.0 ± 46.0 cm2 , respectively. The mean value of the delta SMI was -0.9 cm2 /m2 and the delta VAT was 0.5 cm2 . The baseline SMI and VAT were not significantly associated with disease-free survival (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.983; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.937–1.031; p = 0.475 and adjusted HR, 1.001; 95% CI, 0.995–1.006; p = 0.751, respectively). The delta SMI and VAT were also not significantly associated with disease-free survival (adjusted HR, 0.894; 95% CI, 0.766–1.043; p = 0.155 and adjusted HR, 1.001; 95% CI, 0.989–1.014; p = 0.848, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Our study revealed that baseline and early temporal changes in SMI and VAT were not independent prognostic factors regarding disease-free survival in Asian patients undergoing surgery for breast cancer.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 632-644, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926462

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To determine the incidence of atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) in needle biopsy and the upgrade rate to carcinoma, and to evaluate difference in findings between the upgrade and non-upgrade groups. @*Materials and Methods@#Among 9660 needle biopsies performed over 48 months, we reviewed the radiologic and histopathologic findings of ADH and compared the differences in imaging findings (mammography and breast US) and biopsy methods between the upgrade and non-upgrade groups. @*Results@#The incidence of ADH was 1.7% (169/9660). Of 112 resected cases and 30 cases followed-up for over 2 years, 35 were upgraded to carcinoma (24.6%, 35/142). The upgrade rates were significantly different according to biopsy methods: US-guided core needle biopsy (US-CNB) (40.7%, 22/54) vs. stereotactic-vacuum-assisted biopsy (S-VAB) (16.0%, 12/75) vs. US-guided VAB (US-VAB) (7.7%, 1/13) (p = 0.002). Multivariable analysis showed that only US-CNB (odds ratio = 5.19, 95% confidence interval: 2.16–13.95, p < 0.001) was an independent predictor for pathologic upgrade. There was no upgrade when a sonographic mass was biopsied by US-VAB (n = 7) @*Conclusion@#The incidence of ADH was relatively low (1.7%) and the upgrade rate was 24.6%. Surgical excision should be considered because of the considerable upgrade rate, except in the case of US-VAB.

6.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 620-631, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926457

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the diagnostic performance of features suggestive of nodal metastasis on preoperative MRI in patients with invasive breast cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the preoperative breast MRI of 192 consecutive patients with surgically proven invasive breast cancer. We analyzed MRI findings of axillary lymph nodes with regard to the size, long/short ratio, cortical thickness, shape and margin of the cortex, loss of hilum, asymmetry, signal intensity (SI) on T2-weighted images (T2WI), degree of enhancement in the early phase, and enhancement kinetics. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, chi-square test, t test, and McNemar’s test were used for statistical analysis. @*Results@#Increased shorter diameter, uneven cortical shape, increased cortical thickness, loss of hilum, asymmetry, irregular cortical margin, and low SI on T2WI were significantly suggestive of metastasis. ROC analysis revealed the cutoff value for the shorter diameter and cortical thickness as 8.05 mm and 2.75 mm, respectively. Increased cortical thickness (> 2.75 mm) and uneven cortical shape showed significantly higher sensitivity than other findings in McNemar’s test. Irregular cortical margins showed the highest specificity (100%). @*Conclusion@#Cortical thickness > 2.75 mm and uneven cortical shape are more sensitive parameters than other findings, and an irregular cortical margin is the most specific parameter for predicting axillary metastasis in patients with invasive breast cancer.

7.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 75-77, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939014

ABSTRACT

Mucopolysaccharidoses are rare lysosomal storage diseases resulting from defects in lysosomal enzymes involved in degradation of glycosaminoglycans. Different mucopolysaccharidoses are caused by different enzyme deficiencies The anesthetic complications are related to the organs involved. Patients with mucopolysaccharidoses are rare, and few anesthetists encounter such patients. We experienced a case of mucopolysaccharidoses type II. Several endotracheal intubation attempts were tried, but we experienced failed endotracheal intubation. And we decided to proceed with surgery under bag-mask ventilation because of the short operation time. There’s no desaturation time. And the patient’s spontaneous ventilation was recovered and awakened. We have also briefly discussed the pathophysiology, clinical features, and possible airway management options for patients with mucopolysaccharidoses type II.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 377-388, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891286

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided breast biopsy. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 111 consecutive patients referred for MRI-guided breast biopsy after mammography and breast ultrasound between May 2009 and April 2019. After excluding 37 patients without follow-up images (> 2 years), 74 patients (74 lesions) were finally included. We reviewed the histologic results of MRI-guided biopsy and subsequent surgery, post-biopsy management, and breast cancer development during followup. We investigated the false-negative rate, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) underestimation, atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) underestimation rate, and technical failure rate of MRIguided biopsy. @*Results@#Among 74 scheduled MRI-guided biopsies, six were canceled because biopsy was deemed unnecessary, while three failed due to technical difficulties (technical failure rate:3/68, 4.4%). MRI-guided biopsy was performed in 65 patients, of which 18 patients were diagnosed with malignant lesions, 46 with benign lesions, and one with ADH bordering on DCIS. Subsequent surgery (n = 27) showed DCIS underestimation in three cases (3/7, 43%), ADH underestimation in two cases (1/2, 50%), as well as seven concordant benign and 11 concordant malignant lesions. The overall false-negative rate was 4.3% (2/46). Thirty-eight out of 48 benign lesions were followed-up (median period, 5.8 years; interquartile range, 4.1 years) without subsequent surgery. Thirty-seven concordant benign lesions were stable (n = 27) or disappeared (n = 10); however, the size of one discordant benign lesion increased on follow-up MRI and it was diagnosed as DCIS after 1 year. @*Conclusion@#MRI-guided biopsy is an accurate method for exclusion of malignancy with a very low false-negative rate.

9.
Journal of Cancer Prevention ; : 258-265, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914842

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to confirm the performance of the microRNA (miRNA) biomarker combination as a new breast cancer screening method in Korean women under the age of 50 with a high percentage of dense breasts. To determine the classification performance of a set of miRNA biomarkers (miR-1246, 202, 21, and 219B) useful for breast cancer screening, we determined whether there was a significant difference between the breast cancer and healthy control groups through box plots and the Mann– Whitney U-test, which was further examined in detail by age group. To verify the classification performance of the 4 miRNA biomarker set, 4 classification methods (logistic regression, random forest, XGBoost, and generalized linear model plus random forest) were applied, and 10-fold cross-validation was used as a validation method to improve performance stability. We confirmed that the best breast cancer detection performance was achievable in patients under 50 years of age when the set of 4 miRNAs were used. Under the age of 50, the 4 miRNA biomarkers showed the highest performance with a sensitivity of 85.29%, specificity of 93.33%, and area under the curve (AUC) of 0.961. Examining the results of 4 miRNA biomarkers was found to be an effective strategy for diagnosing breast cancer in Korean women under 50 years of age with dense breasts, and hence has the potential as a new breast cancer screening tool. Further validation in an appropriate screening population with large-scale clinical trials is required.

10.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 377-388, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898990

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To evaluate the accuracy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-guided breast biopsy. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of 111 consecutive patients referred for MRI-guided breast biopsy after mammography and breast ultrasound between May 2009 and April 2019. After excluding 37 patients without follow-up images (> 2 years), 74 patients (74 lesions) were finally included. We reviewed the histologic results of MRI-guided biopsy and subsequent surgery, post-biopsy management, and breast cancer development during followup. We investigated the false-negative rate, ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) underestimation, atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) underestimation rate, and technical failure rate of MRIguided biopsy. @*Results@#Among 74 scheduled MRI-guided biopsies, six were canceled because biopsy was deemed unnecessary, while three failed due to technical difficulties (technical failure rate:3/68, 4.4%). MRI-guided biopsy was performed in 65 patients, of which 18 patients were diagnosed with malignant lesions, 46 with benign lesions, and one with ADH bordering on DCIS. Subsequent surgery (n = 27) showed DCIS underestimation in three cases (3/7, 43%), ADH underestimation in two cases (1/2, 50%), as well as seven concordant benign and 11 concordant malignant lesions. The overall false-negative rate was 4.3% (2/46). Thirty-eight out of 48 benign lesions were followed-up (median period, 5.8 years; interquartile range, 4.1 years) without subsequent surgery. Thirty-seven concordant benign lesions were stable (n = 27) or disappeared (n = 10); however, the size of one discordant benign lesion increased on follow-up MRI and it was diagnosed as DCIS after 1 year. @*Conclusion@#MRI-guided biopsy is an accurate method for exclusion of malignancy with a very low false-negative rate.

11.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 36-37, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837182

ABSTRACT

Antimicrobial filters that prevent cross-contamination through anesthesia equipment are commonly used in operating rooms. Occlusion of this filter leads to the patient’s airway obstruction, which may lead to fatal outcomes. We report a case of the airway obstruction by antimicrobial filter occlusion during general anesthesia, and symptoms recovered immediately after removal of the filter.

12.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 45-47, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837181

ABSTRACT

Hypopharyngeal mass is an uncommon condition in the aerodigestive tract. There were only a few cases have been published in the medical literature. We experienced a case of incidentally detected hypopharyngeal mass during endotracheal intubation. Hypopharyngeal mass was located at the right posterior pharyngeal wall. The hypopharyngeal mass was small and not obstruct the glottis, and endotracheal intubation was performed successfully. We have also briefly discussed symptoms, diagnosis, and related problems during general anesthesia of hypopharyngeal mass.

13.
Ultrasonography ; : 76-82, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731038

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the final outcomes of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-identified additional lesions (MRALs) in breast cancer patients and the role of second-look ultrasound (SLUS) and imaging-guided interventions. METHODS: We analyzed breast cancer patients with MRALs on preoperative MRI between January and June 2012. MRALs were defined as additional lesions suspected on MRI but not suspected on mammograms or ultrasound. The malignancy rate of MRALs, MRI-based Breast Imaging Reporting and Database System (BI-RADS) category, positional relationship with the index cancer, MRI-concordant lesion visibility on SLUS, performance of imaging-guided interventions, and total mastectomy (TM) rates were evaluated for the confirmed lesions. RESULTS: Among the 119 confirmed lesions, SLUS and imaging-guided interventions were performed in 94 (79.0%) and 82 cases (68.9%), respectively. The malignancy rate was 68.1% (81 of 119), and was significantly higher in BI-RADS 4C-5 lesions than in 4A-4B lesions (94.6% vs. 56.1%, P < 0.01) and in ipsilateral same-quadrant lesions than in contralateral lesions (84.2% vs. 33.3%, P < 0.01). The lesion visibility rate on SLUS was 90.4%. The malignancy rate was not significantly different according to lesion visibility on SLUS. The TM rate in the 98 cases with ipsilateral MRALs was 37.8%, while it was significantly lower in patients who underwent an imaging-guided intervention than in those who did not (27.9% vs. 54.1%, P=0.017). CONCLUSION: MRALs show a high probability of malignancy, especially if they are ipsilateral. SLUS and imaging-guided interventions can eliminate many unnecessary TMs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mastectomy, Simple , Ultrasonography
14.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 1203-1213, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916812

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To evaluate the criteria for predicting invasive lesions with preoperative breast MRI in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) histopathologically diagnosed with biopsy.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the preoperative MRI findings of 80 percutaneous biopsy-proven DCIS. The morphological type, enhancement distribution and kinetics, and extent of the lesions were analyzed. We compared the results of pure DCIS and DCIS with invasive lesions. We evaluated the MRI criteria for predicting DCIS with invasive lesions and assessed its diagnostic performance.@*RESULTS@#Of the 80 DCIS lesions analyzed, 27 contained co-existing invasive lesions and 49 were pure DCIS. No residual lesions after biopsy were seen in 4 cases. DCIS with invasive lesions showed washout kinetics more frequently and to a larger extent than did pure DCIS (p = 0.030 and p = 0.048, respectively). Using enhancement kinetics and the lesion cut-off value of 4 cm yielded the highest diagnostic performance, with 92.6% sensitivity and 93.8% negative predictive value for predicting invasive lesions.@*CONCLUSION@#Washout kinetics and the lesion extent of at least 4 cm are useful criteria for the prediction of co-existing invasive lesions in patients with DCIS diagnosed with biopsy.

15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 749-758, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741457

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system based on a deep learning framework (deep learning-based CAD) improves the diagnostic performance of radiologists in differentiating between malignant and benign masses on breast ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS: B-mode US images were prospectively obtained for 253 breast masses (173 benign, 80 malignant) in 226 consecutive patients. Breast mass US findings were retrospectively analyzed by deep learning-based CAD and four radiologists. In predicting malignancy, the CAD results were dichotomized (possibly benign vs. possibly malignant). The radiologists independently assessed Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System final assessments for two datasets (US images alone or with CAD). For each dataset, the radiologists' final assessments were classified as positive (category 4a or higher) and negative (category 3 or lower). The diagnostic performances of the radiologists for the two datasets (US alone vs. US with CAD) were compared. RESULTS: When the CAD results were added to the US images, the radiologists showed significant improvement in specificity (range of all radiologists for US alone vs. US with CAD: 72.8–92.5% vs. 82.1–93.1%; p < 0.001), accuracy (77.9–88.9% vs. 86.2–90.9%; p = 0.038), and positive predictive value (PPV) (60.2–83.3% vs. 70.4–85.2%; p = 0.001). However, there were no significant changes in sensitivity (81.3–88.8% vs. 86.3–95.0%; p = 0.120) and negative predictive value (91.4–93.5% vs. 92.9–97.3%; p = 0.259). CONCLUSION: Deep learning-based CAD could improve radiologists' diagnostic performance by increasing their specificity, accuracy, and PPV in differentiating between malignant and benign masses on breast US.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast , Dataset , Diagnosis , Information Systems , Learning , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Mammary
16.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 992-999, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717623

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of gray-scale ultrasonography (US), Doppler scan, and elastography using carotid artery pulsation in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules and to find a complementary role of elastography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 197 thyroid nodules with 91 malignant and 106 benign pathologic results from 187 patients (41 males and 146 females; age range, 20–83 years; mean age, 49.4 years) were included in this prospective study. The gray-scale, Doppler US images, elastography with elasticity contrast index (ECI), and stiffness color were assessed. The diagnostic performances of each dataset were assessed in order to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid nodules. RESULTS: The optimal cut-off value of the ECI was 1.71. The area under receiver operating characteristic curve (Az value) was 0.821 for gray-scale US, 0.661 for the ECI, 0.592 for stiffness color, and 0.539 for Doppler US. The Az value for a combined assessment of gray-scale US and the ECI was higher than that for the gray-scale US alone; however, there was no statistical difference between the two (p = 0.219). The median ECI values of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) and follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) were significantly lower than those of the other malignant lesions (p = 0.005). Meanwhile, the diffuse sclerosing variant of PTC and a metastatic nodule showed the two highest median values of the ECI. CONCLUSION: For differentiating thyroid nodules, the diagnostic performances of the combination of gray-scale US and elastography with the ECI were similar to, but not superior, to those of gray-scale US alone. FVPTC and FTC have a significantly lower ECI value than those of the other malignant lesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular , Carotid Arteries , Dataset , Diagnosis , Elasticity , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 301-307, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126239

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study assessed the incidence and cancer rate of probably benign lesions detected on bilateral whole-breast screening ultrasound (US), which corresponded to US Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category 3, and evaluated the proper management of those lesions. METHODS: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board in our institution, which waived informed patient consent. We retrospectively reviewed US images of 1,666 patients who underwent bilateral whole-breast screening US as a supplemental screening test to negative screening mammography or screening US only. The incidence, clinical course, and cancer rate of screening US-detected probably benign lesions corresponding to US BI-RADS category 3 were investigated, and the size and multiplicity of screening US-detected category 3 lesions were evaluated. RESULTS: Probably benign lesions corresponding to US BI-RADS category 3 were detected in 689 of 1,666 patients (41.4%) who underwent screening US. Among them, 653 had follow-up US images for at least 24 months, and among these 653, 190 (29.1%) had multiple bilateral category 3 lesions. Moreover, 539 of 1,666 patients (32.4%) had lesions ≤1 cm in size and 114 of 1,666 (6.8%) had lesions >1 cm (median, 0.82 cm; range, 0.3–4.2 cm). Four of the 653 patients (0.6%) showed suspicious interval changes and were categorized into BI-RADS category 4. Biopsy analysis confirmed only one lesion as invasive ductal carcinoma at the 6-month follow-up; another lesion was an intraductal papilloma and the remaining two were fibroadenomas. Overall cancer rate of the screening US-detected BI-RADS category 3 lesions was 0.2%. CONCLUSION: The incidence of category 3 lesions detected on screening US only was very high, but the cancer rate was very low. Therefore, in an average-risk population, routine screening US is preferable over short-term follow-up for BI-RADS category 3 lesions detected on whole-breast screening US.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Ethics Committees, Research , Fibroadenoma , Follow-Up Studies , Incidence , Information Systems , Mammography , Mass Screening , Papilloma, Intraductal , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 330-333, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126235

ABSTRACT

Primary mucinous cystadenocarcinoma (MCA) of the breast is a rare but pathologically distinct breast tumor. There have been some case reports on primary MCA of the breast; however, they have all focused on pathologic findings. Here, we report the radiologic findings of two cases of MCA along with a review of the literature. Breast MCA shows a circumscribed mass with some calcifications on mammography, an intracystic solid mass without increased vascularity or a vascular stalk on ultrasound, and a heterogeneously enhancing mass within a rim-enhancing cyst with intermediate signal intensity on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. These radiologic findings and the presence of mucin in the percutaneous biopsy specimen should suggest the possibility of MCA in the differential diagnosis of a breast tumor.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cystadenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Diagnosis, Differential , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammography , Mucins , Ultrasonography
19.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 237-240, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-88084

ABSTRACT

Breast hamartomas are typically a benign condition and rarely develop into malignant lesions. The coexistence of carcinoma and a breast hamartoma is rare; only 15 cases have been reported in the literature. Here, we report a case of invasive ductal carcinoma associated with hamartoma in a 60-year-old woman. Mammography, ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed typical features of a breast hamartoma and a suspicious mass with microcalcifications arising within the hamartoma.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast , Carcinoma, Ductal , Hamartoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammography , Ultrasonography
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1352-1358, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185884

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To show the results of an audit of screening breast ultrasound (US) in women with negative mammography in a single institution and to analyze US-detected cancers within a year and interval cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the year of 2006, 1974 women with negative mammography were screened with US in our screening center, and 1727 among them had pathologic results or any follow up breast examinations more than a year. We analyzed the distribution of Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) category and the performance outcome through follow up. RESULTS: Among 1727 women (age, 30-76 years, median 49.5 years), 1349 women (78.1%) showed dense breasts on mammography, 762 (44.1%) had previous breast US, and 25 women (1.4%) had a personal history of breast cancers. Test negatives were 94.2% (1.627/1727) [BI-RADS category 1 in 885 (51.2%), 2 in 742 (43.0%)]. The recall rate (=BI-RADS category 3, 4, 5) was 5.8%. Eight cancers were additionally detected with US (yield, 4.6 per 1000). The sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV1, PPV2) were 88.9%, 94.6%, 8.0%, and 28.0%, respectively. Eight of nine true positive cancers were stage I or in-situ cancers. One interval cancer was stage I cancer from BI-RADS category 2. CONCLUSION: Screening US detected 4.6 additional cancers among 1000. The recall rate was 5.8%, which is in lower bound of acceptable range of mammography (5-12%), according to American College of Radiology standard.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mammography/methods , Mass Screening/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Ultrasonography/methods , Ultrasonography, Mammary
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