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1.
Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives ; (6): 219-223, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002631

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to examine the correlations between the regional characteristics of counties in Gangwon Province, Republic of Korea and the ratio of intracounty to extracounty sources of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infection. @*Methods@#The region of the infectious contact was analysed for each COVID-19 case reported in Gangwon Province between February 22, 2020 and February 7, 2022. The population, population density, area, the proportion of urban residents, the proportion of older adults (>65 years), financial independence, and the number of adjacent counties were assessed for each of the 18 counties in Gangwon Province. Correlation coefficients between regional characteristics and the ratio of intracounty to extracounty infections were calculated. @*Results@#In total, 19,645 cases were included in this study. The population, population density, proportion of older adults, and proportion of urban residents were significantly correlated with the ratio of intracounty to extracounty infections. A stratified analysis with an age cut-point of 65 years showed that the proportion of older adults had a significant negative correlation with the ratio of intracounty to extracounty infections. In other words, the proportions of extracounty infections were higher in countries with higher proportions of older adults. @*Conclusion@#Regions with ageing populations should carefully observe trends in infectious disease outbreaks in other regions to prevent possible transmission.

2.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing ; : 453-467, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1000962

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the cumulative effects of depressive symptoms on cognitive function over time in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Data were investigated from 2,533 community-dwelling older adults who participated in the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) from the 5th (2014) to the 8th wave (2020). The association between cumulative depressive symptoms and cognitive function was identified through multiple regression analysis. Results: When the multiple regression analysis was conducted from each wave, the current depressive symptoms scores and cognitive function scores were negatively associated, regardless of the waves (B5th = - 0.26, B6th = - 0.26, B7th = - 0.26, and B8th = - 0.27; all p < .001). Further, when all the previous depressive symptoms scores were added as explanatory variables in the 8th wave, the current one (B8th = - 0.09, p < .001) and the previous ones (B5th = - 0.11, B6th = - 0.09, and B7th = - 0.13; all p < .001) were also negatively associated with the cognitive function score. The delta R2 , which indicates the difference between the model’s R2 with and without the depressive symptoms scores, was greater in the model with all the previous and current depressive symptoms scores (6.4%) than in the model with only the current depressive symptoms score (3.6%). Conclusion: Depressive symptoms in older adults have a long-term impact. This results in an accumulated adverse effect on the cognitive function. Therefore, to prevent cognitive decline in older adults, we suggest detecting their depressive symptoms early and providing continuous intervention to reduce exposure to long-term depressive symptoms.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 344-348, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977441

ABSTRACT

The role that children play in the transmission of the omicron variant is unclear. Here we report an outbreak that started in young children attending various pediatric facilities, leading to extensive household transmission that affected 75 families with 88 confirmed case-patients in 3 weeks. Tailored social and public health measures directed towards children and pediatric facilities are warranted with the emergence of highly transmissible omicron variant to mitigate the impact of coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19).

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 790-793, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939372

ABSTRACT

There are few studies on the severity and prognosis of patients infected with the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) omicron variant. From January 11, 2022 to January 25, 2022, 181 patients were infected with the SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant in a single hospital in Korea. The initial clinical characteristics were investigated through the COVID-19 basic investigation form. Outcomes were reviewed using medical records. The median age of the patients was 57 years (range 1–90), and 95 patients (52.5%) were male. None were re-infected with SARS-CoV-2, and 127 (70.2%) were fully vaccinated (boosted or within 6 months after second vaccination). Forty-two patients (23.2%) were asymptomatic. Among symptomatic patients, the frequency of symptoms was as follows: cough (37.0%), sore throat (33.7%), and fever (30.4%). In terms of disease severity, 168 (92.8%) patients did not require supplemental oxygen, 6 (3.3%) required low-flow oxygen, 5 (2.8%) required high-flow oxygen, and 2 (1.1%) died. Four of the five individuals who required high-flow oxygen and the two who died were not vaccinated. Most of the patients who contracted the SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant exhibited mild clinical features; however, severe clinical features including mortality were encountered among individuals who were not vaccinated.

5.
Journal of Nutrition and Health ; : 573-583, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915774

ABSTRACT

Energy requirement is defined as energy expenditure in an energy equilibrium state.The doubly labeled water (DLW) method is considered the gold standard for measuring total energy expenditure (TEE). In 2002, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the National Academies established dietary reference intakes (DRIs) for Americans and Canadians, and the equations for estimated energy requirement (EER) were developed by using pooled data from studies that had applied the DLW method. Since 2005, these equations have been used for establishing EER in the DRI for Koreans. These equations based on age group include the physical activity (PA) coefficient determined by the PA level (PAL; sedentary, low active, active and very active) as well as body weight and height. The PAL values of Koreans calculated using the DLW method and PA diaries were determined to fall in the low active category (1.40~1.59). Therefore, the PA coefficient corresponding to ‘low active’ was applied to the EER equations. In recent years, with increasing number of people regularly engaging in various physical activities in Korea, EER is now separately presented for people with ‘active’ and ‘very active’ PALs. In the future, like the United States and Japan, Korea needs to expand the DLW research for developing EER predictive equations for Koreans. In addition, standardized guidelines should be prepared to accurately evaluate the PAL using the physical activity diary and the new PA classification table for Koreans.

6.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 287-294, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834294

ABSTRACT

Cell labeling technologies are required to monitor the fate of transplanted cells in vivo and to select target cells for the observation of certain changes in vitro. Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) have been transplanted for the treatment of heart injuries or used in vitro for preclinical cardiac safety assessments. Cardiomyocyte (CM) labeling has been used in these processes to facilitate target cell monitoring. However, the functional effect of the labeling agent on hiPSC-CMs has not been studied. Therefore, we investigated the effects of labeling agents on CM cellular functions. 3’-Dioctadecyloxacarbocyanine perchlorate (DiO), quantum dots (QDs), and a DNA plasmid expressing EGFP using Lipo2K were used to label hiPSC-CMs. We conclude that the hiPSC-CM labeling with DiO and QDs does not induce arrhythmogenic effects but rather improves the mRNA expression of cardiac ion channels and Ca2+ influx by L-type Ca2+ channels. Thus, DiO and QD labeling agents may be useful tools to monitor transplanted CMs, and further in vivo influences of the labeling agents should be investigated in the future.

7.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 417-424, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898346

ABSTRACT

The myelination of axons in the vertebrate nervous system through oligodendrocytes promotes efficient axonal conduction, which is required for the normal function of neurons. The central nervous system (CNS) can regenerate damaged myelin sheaths through the process of remyelination, but the failure of remyelination causes neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis. In mammals, parenchymal oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are known to be the principal cell type responsible for remyelination in demyelinating diseases and traumatic injuries to the adult CNS. However, growing evidence suggests that neural stem cells (NSCs) are implicated in remyelination in animal models of demyelination. We have previously shown that olig2+ + radial glia (RG) have the potential to function as NSCs to produce oligodendrocytes in adult zebrafish. In this study, we developed a zebrafish model of adult telencephalic injury to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the regeneration of oligodendrocytes. Using this model, we showed that telencephalic injury induced the proliferation of olig2+ + RG and parenchymal OPCs shortly after injury, which was followed by the regeneration of new oligodendrocytes in the adult zebrafish. We also showed that blocking Notch signaling promoted the proliferation of olig2+ RG and OPCs in the normal and injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish. Taken together, our data suggest that Notch-regulated proliferation of olig2+ RG and parenchymal OPCs is responsible for the regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish.

8.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 417-424, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890642

ABSTRACT

The myelination of axons in the vertebrate nervous system through oligodendrocytes promotes efficient axonal conduction, which is required for the normal function of neurons. The central nervous system (CNS) can regenerate damaged myelin sheaths through the process of remyelination, but the failure of remyelination causes neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis. In mammals, parenchymal oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are known to be the principal cell type responsible for remyelination in demyelinating diseases and traumatic injuries to the adult CNS. However, growing evidence suggests that neural stem cells (NSCs) are implicated in remyelination in animal models of demyelination. We have previously shown that olig2+ + radial glia (RG) have the potential to function as NSCs to produce oligodendrocytes in adult zebrafish. In this study, we developed a zebrafish model of adult telencephalic injury to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the regeneration of oligodendrocytes. Using this model, we showed that telencephalic injury induced the proliferation of olig2+ + RG and parenchymal OPCs shortly after injury, which was followed by the regeneration of new oligodendrocytes in the adult zebrafish. We also showed that blocking Notch signaling promoted the proliferation of olig2+ RG and OPCs in the normal and injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish. Taken together, our data suggest that Notch-regulated proliferation of olig2+ RG and parenchymal OPCs is responsible for the regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish.

9.
Asian Oncology Nursing ; : 193-202, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine factors influencing resilience in breast cancer patients. METHODS: The data were collected using structured questionnaires from 106 breast cancer patients who are members of a self-help group. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, a t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression in SPSS WIN version 21.0. RESULTS: Resilience was significantly negatively correlated to depression and positively correlated to hope and family support. However, resilience was not significantly correlated to anxiety. In the regression analysis, factors influencing resilience were reported as hope, religion, lymph node metastasis, surgery side, and time since surgery, which explained 34.1% of the variation. CONCLUSION: The resilience scores of women with breast cancer were higher when depression was lower, hope was higher, and greater family support. This means that reducing depression and increasing hope and family support are necessary when developing and implementing nursing interventions. The results of this study also show the importance of hope in explaining resilience in patients with breast cancer. Therefore, nurses should focus on encouraging hope when they develop programs in order to implement more effective interventions to improve breast cancer patients' resilience.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Anxiety , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Depression , Hope , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nursing , Self-Help Groups
10.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 9-15, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-154547

ABSTRACT

This study was performed to examine the feeding effects of Angelica keiskei Koidz (AK) and its processed products on serum, liver, and body fat content and the expression of antioxidant genes in rats fed a high fat diet. AK and its processed products were added at 3-5% to a high fat diet and fed to adult rats for 6 weeks. In experiment 1 (EXP 1), the rats were fed with one of six diets including a control diet (normal fat), high fat diet (HF), and HF + AK additives groups (four groups). In experiment 2 (EXP 2), the rats were separated into three groups of HF, HF + AK whole leaves, and HF + fermented juice (FS) + squeeze (SA). Body weight was not different among the groups in either experiment. The liver weight was lower in the FS and SA groups compared to that in the other groups (P < 0.05). Serum luteolin was higher in the AK and processed products groups compared to that in the HF group (P < 0.05). Gene expression of the antioxidative enzymes catalase and glutathione-s-reductase in the liver was higher in the AK processed products group than that in the other groups (P < 0.05). The results suggest that the intake of AK and its processed products increased the expression of antioxidant enzymes in animals fed a high fat diet, reduced hepatic cholesterol content, and increased the effective absorption of luteolin.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Rats , Absorption , Adipose Tissue , Angelica , Body Weight , Catalase , Cholesterol , Diet , Diet, High-Fat , Gene Expression , Lipid Metabolism , Liver , Luteolin
11.
The Korean Journal of Nutrition ; : 12-25, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-650186

ABSTRACT

This study was carried out to evaluate the bioavailabilities and the digestibilities of oligopeptide chelated (peptide-Ca), anchovy bone (anchovy-Ca) and methionine hydroxyl analogue (MHA-Ca) calcium compared to those of calcium carbonate in rats. In exp1, CaCO3, were added to the basal diet at level of 0, 30 and 60% calcium of the AIN-93G diet. In test groups, peptide-Ca, anchovy-Ca and MHA-Ca, were added to the basal diet to provide calcium at the level of 40% of AIN-93G. In exp1, the bioavailabilities were evaluated from the regression equation of the ratios of theological/actual calcium intakes of each dietary treatment. In exp2, urine and feces was to evaluate the true- and apparent digestibility and apparent retention. In exp1, Ca-60% group had higher bone mineral density (BMD), bone mineral content (BMC) and bone breaking strength (BBS) than those of the other standard groups. The bone weight and ash content of the peptide-Ca and anchovy-Ca groups were significantly higher than those of the MHA-Ca. Bone calcium content were not significantly different from the test group. The bioavailability of the MHA-Ca group was shown higher BMD (71%), BS (38%) and BBS (27%) compared to another control group. But the regression coefficient for BMD, BS and BBS were lower compare with that of bone ash and BMC. In exp2, the true- and apparent digestibility of test groups were shown to over 90%. Peptide-Ca was not significantly different from other test group, but digestibility and retention were higher compare to other test groups. In conclusion, peptide-Ca, anchovy-Ca and MHA-Ca improved Ca bioavailability in the rats. The compounds were higher Ca digestibility compared with those of CaCO3. It is assumed that difference of digestibility for test groups may be correlated to the bioavailability of test groups in BMD, BMC, BS, BBS and bone ash respectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biological Availability , Bone Density , Calcium , Calcium Carbonate , Diet , Feces , Methionine , Minerals , Retention, Psychology
12.
The Korean Journal of Nutrition ; : 5-11, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-650134

ABSTRACT

We conducted comparative study on metabolizable energy content of extracts of angelica keiskei and its byproduct. Total six different groups consisting of five test groups treated with angelica keiskei and one control group were compared. Each of the five test groups were given 30% of one of whole plant, extracts, fermented of extracts, byproduct and extracts plus byproduct, respectively, mixed with AIN93M. After 3 days of adjustment period, all groups were subjected to 4 days of test period during which the amounts of feed intake and excretion were measured everyday. All feces were treated for the prevention of decomposition and changes before its energy content were measured using a bomb calorimeter. The amount of excretion was 4.8 +/- 0.3 g/rat/3 days in control group and 9.9-15.0 g/rat/3 days in the groups were added with extracts of angelica keiskei indicating that the angelica keiskei-treated groups produce 2-3 times more excretion. Metabolic energy of control diet was 4,133.3 kcal. This was found to be 15 to 20% higher compared with the metabolic energy content ranging from 3,117.0 kcal/kg (extracts of angelica keiskei) to 3,259.8 kcal/kg (extracts plus byproducts) angelica keiskei-treated groups. This is interpreted as the result of the decreased metabolic energy in the test diets were substituted with 30% of ngelica keiskei-treated ingredient which has low metabolic content itself. One notable finding is that the metabolic content of the group mixed with byproducts and extracts (1,763.0 kcal/kg) is 27% higher than that of extracts of angelica keiskei (1,286.8 kcal/kg) indicating that mechanical grinding increases the rate of digestion and absorption increasing, in turn, the energy content used in the body. The results of analysis of overall caloric absorption showed absorption rate in order of Whole plant < extracts < byproduct < extract plus byproduct < fermented of extract.


Subject(s)
Absorption , Angelica , Bombs , Diet , Digestion , Feces , Plants
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 459-466, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183152

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Hantaan virus is an endemic febrile disease in Korea. Although inactivated Hantaan virus vaccine has been introduced, the effect of vaccination is not clear. We evaluated the effect of vaccination on the incidence rate and clinical features of HFRS based on our clinical experience. METHODS: Group I consisted of the patients with confirmed HFRS from a total of 131 patients who were seropositive for Hantaan virus at one tertiary teaching hospital from January 2002 to December 2006. Group II contained 100 patients treated as HFRS at the same hospital from January 1986 to December 1990, before the introduction of the vaccine. Then, we compared the clinical features of the two groups. We confirmed whether the patients had been vaccinated by reviewing their medical records and from telephone interviews. RESULTS: Only 16 (12.2%) of the 131 patients who were seropositive for Hantaan virus were confirmed to have overt HFRS during the most recent 5 years. The incidence of overt HFRS was significantly lower in vaccinees (5%, 3 of 56) than in non-vaccinees (20%, 10 of 50) (p=0.025). The prevalence of renal failure (62.5 vs. 95%, p<0.001) and oliguria (6.25 vs. 46%, p=0.002) was significantly lower in group I than in group II. Three patients were treated with dialysis and none died in group I, versus 17 and 8, respectively, in group II. CONCLUSIONS: It appears that Hantaan virus vaccine has helped to reduce the amount of serious illness and the occurrence of HFRS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dialysis , Hantaan virus , Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome , Hospitals, Teaching , Incidence , Korea , Medical Records , Oliguria , Prevalence , Renal Insufficiency , Telephone , Vaccination
14.
Korean Journal of Community Nutrition ; : 289-297, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-128151

ABSTRACT

This study evaluated the nutrition intake and changes in laboratory data of surgery patients with hypermetabolic severity on nutrition support. From January 2002 to September 2002, 66 hospitalized surgery patients who had received enteral nutrition (EN, n=19) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN, n=47) for more than 7 days were prospectively and retrospectively recruited. The laboratory data was examined pre-operatively, and on the post-operative 1, 3, 7 day and at the time of discharge. The characteristics of the patients were examined for the hypermetabolic severity, The hypermetabolic scores were determined by high fever (> 38 degrees C), rapid breathing (> 30 breaths/min), rapid pulse rate (> 100 beats/min), leukocytosis (WBC>12,000/microliter), leukocytopenia (WBC41). According to the results of the study, 38.3% (n=23), 45.4% (n=30) and 19.6% (n=13) were in the mild, moderate, and severe groups, respectively. There was a decrease in the serum albumin level and weight loss according to the hypermetabolic severity. However, the white blood cells (WBC), fasting blood sugar (FBS), c-reactive protein (CRP), total bilirubin, GOT, and GPT increased. The nutritional intake was TPN (32.5 kcal/kg, protein 1.2 g/kg, fat 0.25 g/kg), EN (28.1 kcal/kg, protein 1.0 g/kg, fat 1.01 g/kg). The serum albumin, hemoglobin and cholesterol were higher in the EN group than in the TPN group. But the FBS, total bilirubin, GOT and GPT were higher in the TPN group than the EN group. In conclusion, there was a negative correlation between the changes in the laboratory data and the hypermetabolic severity. There was an increase in the number of metabolic complications in the TPN group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bilirubin , Blood Glucose , C-Reactive Protein , Cholesterol , Enteral Nutrition , Fasting , Fever , Heart Rate , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Leukocytes , Leukocytosis , Leukopenia , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Prospective Studies , Respiration , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin , Weight Loss
15.
Korean Journal of Community Nutrition ; : 124-132, 2006.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-153846

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcome. Between January 1, 2002 to September 30, 2002, we prospectively and retrospectively recruited 111 hospitalized patients who received Enteral Nutrition (ENgroup n = 52) and Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPNgroup n = 59) for more than seven days. The factors of clinical outcomes are costs, incidences of in-fection, lengths of hospital stay, and changes in weight. The characteristics of patients were investigated, which included nutritional status, disease severity (APACHE III score) and hypermetabolic severity (hypermetabolic score). Hypermeta-bolic scores were determined by high fever (>38 degrees C), rapid breathing (>30 breaths/min), rapid pulse rate (>100 beats/min), leukocytosis (WBC > 12000 mm3), leukocytopenia (WBC < 3000 mm3), status of infection, inflammatory bowel disease, surgery and trauma. There was a positive correlation between hypermetabolic score and length of hospital stay (ICU), medical cost, weight loss, antibiotics adjusted by age while APACHE III score did not show correlation to clinical outcome. Medical cost was higher by 18.2% in the TPN group than the EN group. In conclusion, there was a strong negative correlation between the clinical outcome (cost, incidence of infection, hospital stay) and hypermetabolic score. Higher metabolic stress caused more malnutrition and complications. For nutritional management of patients with malnutrition, multiple factors, including nutritional assessment, and evaluation of hypermetabolic severity are needed to provide nutritional support for critically ill patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , APACHE , Critical Illness , Cross Infection , Enteral Nutrition , Fever , Heart Rate , Incidence , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Length of Stay , Leukocytosis , Leukopenia , Malnutrition , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Nutritional Support , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Prospective Studies , Respiration , Retrospective Studies , Stress, Physiological , Weight Loss
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